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Health Sciences staff profiles

Professor Neil Gemmell

PositionProfessor and Head of Department of Anatomy
DepartmentDepartment of Anatomy
QualificationsBSc(Hons) PhD
Research summaryEvolutionary genetics and genomics, molecular ecology, conservation biology

Research

Professor Gemmell holds the Chair for AgResearch Centre for Reproduction and Genomics

Professor Gemmell's research blends ecology, population, conservation and evolutionary biology with recent technological spin-offs from the various genome projects. A recurring theme in his research is that of reproduction, with past and current projects spanning mating systems and mate choice, sperm-egg interactions, sperm function, sex determination, sex allocation, and inter-sexual genomic conflict. Professor Gemmell also has interests in several congruent fields of research, particularly the evolution of the mitochondrial genome, the evolution of microsatellite DNA, the evolution of sex determining mechanisms and the processes that lead to speciation.

Research interests:

  • Analysis of mating systems
  • The implications of the asymmetric fitness effects of mtDNA mutations
  • The evolution of microsatellites

Publications

Grosser, S., Abdelkrim, J., Wing, J., Robertson, B. C., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Strong isolation by distance argues for separate population management of endangered blue duck (Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos). Conservation Genetics, 18(2), 327-341. doi: 10.1007/s10592-016-0908-4

Gessner, C., Johnson, S. L., Fisher, P., Clarke, S., Rutherford, K., Symonds, J., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Male-female relatedness at specific SNP-linkage groups influences cryptic female choice in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Series B, 284(1859), 20170853. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.0853

Geßner, C., Nakagawa, S., Zavodna, M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Sexual selection for genetic compatibility: The role of the major histocompatibility complex on cryptic female choice in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Heredity, 118, 442-452. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2016.116

Lee, S. L. J., Horsfield, J. A., Black, M. A., Rutherford, K., Fisher, A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Histological and transcriptomic effects of 17α-methyltestosterone on zebrafish gonad development. BMC Genomics, 18, 557. doi: 10.1186/s12864-017-3915-z

Liu, H., Todd, E. V., Lokman, M. P., Lamm, M. S., Godwin, J. R., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Sexual plasticity: A fishy tale. Molecular Reproduction & Development, 84(2), 171-194. doi: 10.1002/mrd.22691

Chapter in Book - Research

Sawaya, S. M., Bagshaw, A. T., Buschiazzo, E., & Gemmell, N. J. (2012). Promoter microsatellites as modulators of human gene expression. In A. J. Hannan (Ed.), Tandem repeat polymorphisms: Genetic plasticity, neural diversity and disease. (pp. 41-54). Austin, TX: Landes Bioscience.

Vargas Jentzsch, I. M., Bagshaw, A., Buschiazzo, E., Merkel, A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Evolution of microsatellite DNA. In Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons. doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0020847

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Journal - Research Article

Grosser, S., Abdelkrim, J., Wing, J., Robertson, B. C., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Strong isolation by distance argues for separate population management of endangered blue duck (Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos). Conservation Genetics, 18(2), 327-341. doi: 10.1007/s10592-016-0908-4

Liu, H., Todd, E. V., Lokman, M. P., Lamm, M. S., Godwin, J. R., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Sexual plasticity: A fishy tale. Molecular Reproduction & Development, 84(2), 171-194. doi: 10.1002/mrd.22691

Lee, S. L. J., Horsfield, J. A., Black, M. A., Rutherford, K., Fisher, A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Histological and transcriptomic effects of 17α-methyltestosterone on zebrafish gonad development. BMC Genomics, 18, 557. doi: 10.1186/s12864-017-3915-z

Geßner, C., Nakagawa, S., Zavodna, M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Sexual selection for genetic compatibility: The role of the major histocompatibility complex on cryptic female choice in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Heredity, 118, 442-452. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2016.116

Gessner, C., Johnson, S. L., Fisher, P., Clarke, S., Rutherford, K., Symonds, J., & Gemmell, N. J. (2017). Male-female relatedness at specific SNP-linkage groups influences cryptic female choice in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Series B, 284(1859), 20170853. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.0853

Bagshaw, A. T. M., Horwood, L. J., Fergusson, D. M., Gemmell, N. J., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Microsatellite polymorphisms associated with human behavioural and psychological phenotypes including a gene-environment interaction. BMC Medical Genetics, 18, 12. doi: 10.1186/s12881-017-0374-y

Wolff, J. N., Gemmell, N. J., Tompkins, D. M., & Dowling, D. K. (2017). Introduction of a male-harming mitochondrial haplotype via 'Trojan Females' achieves population suppression in fruit flies. eLIFE, 6, e23551. doi: 10.7554/eLife.23551

Tourmente, M., Hirose, M., Ibrahim, S., Dowling, D., Tompkins, D., Roldan, E. R. S., & Gemmell, N. (2017). mtDNA polymorphism and metabolic inhibition affect sperm performance in conplastic mice. Reproduction. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1530/rep-17-0206

Smith, L. M., Parr-Brownlie, L. C., Duncan, E. J., Black, M. A., Gemmell, N. J., Dearden, P. K., & Reynolds, J. N. J. (2016). Striatal mRNA expression patterns underlying peak dose L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia in the 6-OHDA hemiparkinsonian rat. Neuroscience, 324, 238-251. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.03.012

Rosengrave, P., Montgomerie, R., & Gemmell, N. (2016). Cryptic female choice enhances fertilization success and embryo survival in Chinook salmon. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283(1827), 20160001. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.0001

Todd, E. V., Black, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2016). The power and promise of RNA-seq in ecology and evolution. Molecular Ecology, 25(6), 1224-1241. doi: 10.1111/mec.13526

Zondag, L. E., Rutherford, K., Gemmell, N. J., & Wilson, M. J. (2016). Uncovering the pathways underlying whole body regeneration in a chordate model, Botrylloides leachi using de novo transcriptome analysis. BMC Genomics, 17(1), 114. doi: 10.1186/s12864-016-2435-6

Osborne, A. J., Negro, S. S., Chilvers, B. L., Robertson, B. C., Kennedy, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2016). Genetic evidence of a population bottleneck and inbreeding in the endangered New Zealand sea lion, Phocarctos hookeri. Journal of Heredity, 107(5), 392-402. doi: 10.1093/jhered/esw015

Wolff, J. N., Tompkins, D. M., Gemmell, N. J., & Dowling, D. K. (2016). Mitonuclear interactions, mtDNA-mediated thermal plasticity, and implications for the Trojan Female Technique for pest control. Scientific Reports, 6, 30016. doi: 10.1038/srep30016

Salis, A. T., Easton, L. J., Robertson, B. C., Gemmell, N., Smith, I. W. G., Weisler, M. I., Waters, J. M., & Rawlence, N. J. (2016). Myth or relict: Does ancient DNA detect the enigmatic Upland seal? Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 97, 101-106. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.12.012

Abe, H., & Gemmell, N. J. (2016). Evolutionary footprints of short tandem repeats in avian promoters. Scientific Reports, 6, 19421. doi: 10.1038/srep19421

Flynn, T., Signal, B., Johnson, S. L., & Gemmell, N. J. (2016). Mitochondrial genome diversity among six laboratory zebrafish (Danio rerio) strains. Mitochondrial DNA, 27(6), 4364-4371. doi: 10.3109/19401736.2015.1089536

Dussex, N., Robertson, B. C., Salis, A. T., Kalinin, A., Best, H., & Gemmell, N. J. (2016). Low spatial genetic differentiation associated with rapid recolonization in the New Zealand fur seal Arctocephalus forsteri. Journal of Heredity, 107(7), 581-592. doi: 10.1093/jhered/esw056

Osborne, A. J., Pearson, J., Negro, S. S., Chilvers, B. L., Kennedy, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2015). Heterozygote advantage at MHC DRB may influence response to infectious disease epizootics. Molecular Ecology, 24, 1419-1432. doi: 10.1111/mec.13128

Liu, H., Lamm, M. S., Rutherford, K., Black, M. A., Godwin, J. R., & Gemmell, N. J. (2015). Large-scale transcriptome sequencing reveals novel expression patterns for key sex-related genes in a sex-changing fish. Biology of Sex Differences, 6, 26. doi: 10.1186/s13293-015-0044-8

Carr, L. M., McLenachan, P. A., Waddell, P. J., Gemmell, N. J., & Penny, D. (2015). Analyses of the mitochondrial genome of Leiopelma hochstetteri argues against the full drowning of New Zealand. Journal of Biogeography, 42(6), 1066-1076. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12482

Gemmell, N., & Wolff, J. N. (2015). Mitochondrial replacement therapy: Cautiously replace the master manipulator [Commentary]. BioEssays, 37(6), 584-585. doi: 10.1002/bies.201500008

Johnson, S. L., Dunleavy, J., Gemmell, N. J., & Nakagawa, S. (2015). Consistent age-dependent declines in human semen quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Ageing Research Reviews, 19, 22-33. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2014.10.007

Will, M., McCowan, T., & Gemmell, N. J. (2015). Broad-scale genetic patterns of New Zealand abalone, Haliotis iris, across a distribution spanning 13° latitude and major oceanic water masses. Genetica, 143, 487-500. doi: 10.1007/s10709-015-9847-0

Sawaya, S., Boocock, J., Black, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2015). Exploring possible DNA structures in real-time polymerase kinetics using Pacific Biosciences sequencer data. BMC Bioinformatics, 16, 21. doi: 10.1186/s12859-014-0449-0

Koepfli, K.-P., Paten, B., the Genome 10K Community of Scientists, O'Brien, S. J., also, & Gemmell, N. (2015). The Genome 10K Project: A way forward. Annual Review of Animal Biosciences, 3, 57-111. doi: 10.1146/annurev-animal-090414-014900

Osborne, A. J., Pearson, J., Chilvers, B. L., Kennedy, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2015). Examining the role of components of Slc11a1 (Nramp1) in the susceptibility of New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri) to disease. PLoS ONE, 10(4), e0122703. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122703

Dowling, D., Tompkins, D. M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2015). The Trojan Female Technique for pest control: A candidate mitochondrial mutation confers low male fertility across diverse nuclear backgrounds in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolutionary Applications, 8(9), 871-880. doi: 10.1111/eva.12297

Gillum, J. E., Jimenez, L., White, D. J., Goldstien, S. J., & Gemmell, N. J. (2014). Development and application of a quantitative real-time PCR assay for the globally invasive tunicate Styela clava. Management of Biological Invasions, 5(2), 133-142. doi: 10.3391/mbi.2014.5.2.06

Johnson, S. L., Villarroel, M., Rosengrave, P., Carne, A., Kleffmann, T., Lokman, P. M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2014). Proteomic analysis of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) ovarian fluid. PLoS ONE, 9(8), e104155. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104155

Janes, D. E., Organ, C. L., Stiglec, R., O'Meally, D., Sarre, S. D., Georges, A., … Rutherford, K., Gemmell, N., … Ezaz, T. (2014). Molecular evolution of Dmrt1 accompanies change of sex-determining mechanisms in reptilia. Biology Letters, 10, 20140809. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0809

Abe, H., & Gemmell, N. J. (2014). Abundance, arrangement, and function of sequence motifs in the chicken promoters. BMC Genomics, 15, 900. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-900

Zavodna, M., Bagshaw, A., Brauning, R., & Gemmell, N. J. (2014). The accuracy, feasibility and challenges of sequencing short tandem repeats using next-generation sequencing platforms. PLoS ONE, 9(12), e113862. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113862

McRae, K. M., McEwan, J. C., Dodds, K. G., & Gemmell, N. J. (2014). Signature of selection in sheep bred for resistance or susceptibility to gastrointestinal nematodes. BMC Genomics, 15, 637. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-637

Nussey, D. H., Baird, D., Barrett, E., Boner, W., Fairlie, J., Gemmell, N., … Monaghan, P. (2014). Measuring telomere length and telomere dynamics in evolutionary biology and ecology. Methods in Ecology & Evolution, 5(4), 299-310. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12161

Sawaya, S., Bagshaw, A., Buschiazzo, E., Kumar, P., Chowdhury, S., Black, M. A., & Gemmell, N. (2013). Microsatellite tandem repeats are abundant in human promoters and are associated with regulatory elements. PLoS ONE, 8(2), e54710. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054710

White, D. J., Bryant, D. J., & Gemmell, N. J. (2013). How good are indirect tests at detecting recombination in human mtDNA? Genes Genomes Genetics, 3(7), 1095-1104. doi: 10.1534/g3.113.006510

Wolff, J. N., & Gemmell, N. J. (2013). Mitochondria, maternal inheritance, and asymmetric fitness: Why males die younger. BioEssays, 35(2), 93-99. doi: 10.1002/bies.201200141

Wyatt, A. K., Zavodna, M., Viljoen, J. L., Stanton, J.-A. L., Gemmell, N. J., & Jasoni, C. L. (2013). Changes in methylation patterns of Kiss1 and Kiss1r gene promoters across puberty. Genetics & Epigenetics, 5, 51-62.

Zavodna, M., Grueber, C. E., & Gemmell, N. J. (2013). Parallel tagged next-generation sequencing on pooled samples: A new approach for population genetics in ecology and conservation. PLoS ONE, 8(4), e61471. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061471

Horan, M. P., Gemmell, N. J., & Wolff, J. N. (2013). From evolutionary bystander to master manipulator: The emerging roles for the mitochondrial genome as a modulator of nuclear gene expression. European Journal of Human Genetics, 21(12), 1335-1337. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2013.75

Goldstien, S. J., Inglis, G. J., Schiel, D. R., & Gemmell, N. J. (2013). Using temporal sampling to improve attribution of source populations for invasive species. PLoS ONE, 8(6), e65656. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065656

Osborne, A. J., Zavodna, M., Chilvers, B. L., Robertson, B. C., Negro, S. S., Kennedy, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2013). Extensive variation at MHC DRBin the New Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) provides evidence for balancing selection. Heredity, 111, 44-56. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2013.18

Lundquist, D., Gemmell, N. J., Würsig, B., & Markowitz, T. (2013). Dusky dolphin movement patterns: Short-term effects of tourism. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, 47(4), 430-449. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2013.778301

Cui, X., Lu, Z., Kurosawa, A., Klemm, L., Bagshaw, A., Tsai, A. G., Gemmell, N., … Lieber, M. R. (2013). Both CpG methylation and activation-induced deaminase are required for the fragility of the human bcl-2 major breakpoint region: Implications for the timing of the breaks in the t(14;18) translocation. Molecular & Cellular Biology, 33(5), 947-957. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01436-12

Evans, J. P., Rosengrave, P., Gasparini, C., & Gemmell, N. J. (2013). Delineating the roles of males and females in sperm competition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280(1772), 20132047. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.2047

Gemmell, N. J., Jalilzadeh, A., Didham, R. K., Soboleva, T., & Tompkins, D. M. (2013). The Trojan female technique: A novel, effective and humane approach for pest population control. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 280(1773), 20132549. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.2047

Sawaya, S. M., Lennon, D., Buschiazzo, E., Gemmell, N., & Minin, V. N. (2012). Measuring microsatellite conservation in mammalian evolution with a phylogenetic birth-death model. Genome Biology & Evolution, 4(6), 636-647. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evs050

Johnson, S. L., & Gemmell, N. J. (2012). Are old males still good males and can females tell the difference?: Do hidden advantages of mating with old males off-set costs related to fertility, or are we missing something else? BioEssays, 34(7), 609-619. doi: 10.1002/bies.201100157

Fouquet, A., Noonan, B. P., Rodrigues, M. T., Pech, N., Gilles, A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2012). Multiple quaternary refugia in the eastern Guiana Shield revealed by comparative phylogeography of 12 frog species. Systematic Biology, 61(3), 461-489. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syr130

Abdelkrim, J., Hunt, G. R., Gray, R. D., & Gemmell, N. J. (2012). Population genetic structure and colonisation history of the tool-using New Caledonian crow. PLoS ONE, 7(5), e36608. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036608

Lundquist, D., Gemmell, N. J., & Würsig, B. (2012). Behavioural responses of dusky dolphin groups (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) to tour vessels off Kaikoura, New Zealand. PLoS ONE, 7(7), e41969. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041969

Buschiazzo, E., Beck, J. S., & Gemmell, N. J. (2011). Design and implementation of degenerate microsatellite primers for the mammalian clade. PLoS ONE, 6(12), e29582. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029582

Will, M., Hale, M. L., Schiel, D. R., & Gemmell, N. J. (2011). Low to moderate levels of genetic differentiation detected across the distribution of the New Zealand abalone, Haliotis iris. Marine Biology, 158(6), 1417-1429. doi: 10.1007/s00227-011-1659-x

Goldstien, S. J., Dupont, L., Viard, F., Hallas, P. J., Nishikawa, T., Schiel, D. R., Gemmell, N. J., & Bishop, J. D. D. (2011). Global phylogeography of the widely introduced North West Pacific Ascidian Styela clava. PLoS ONE, 6(2), e16755. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016755

Horn, T., Robertson, B. C., Will, M., Eason, D. K., Elliott, G. P., & Gemmell, N. J. (2011). Inheritance of telomere length in a bird. PLoS ONE, 6(2), e17199. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017199

Wolff, J. N., White, D. J., Woodhams, M., White, H. E., & Gemmell, N. J. (2011). The strength and timing of the mitochondrial bottleneck in salmon suggests a conserved mechanism in vertebrates. PLoS ONE, 6(5), e20522. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020522

Osborne, A. J., Brauning, R., Schultz, J. K., Kennedy, M. A., Slate, J., & Gemmell, N. J. (2011). Development of a predicted physical map of microsatellite locus positions for pinnipeds, with wider applicability to the Carnivora. Molecular Ecology Resources, 11(3), 503-513. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02962.x

Fouquet, A., Ficetola, G. F., Haigh, A., & Gemmell, N. (2010). Using ecological niche modelling to infer past, present and future environmental suitability for Leiopelma hochstetteri, an endangered New Zealand native frog. Biological Conservation, 143, 1375-1384. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.03.012

Fouquet, A., Green, D. M., Waldman, B., Bowsher, J. H., McBride, K. P., & Gemmell, N. J. (2010). Phylogeography of Leiopelma hochstetteri reveals strong genetic structure and suggests new conservation priorities. Conservation Genetics, 11(3), 907-919. doi: 10.1007/s10592-009-9935-8

Horn, T., Robertson, B. C., & Gemmell, N. J. (2010). The use of telomere length in ecology and evolutionary biology. Heredity, 105(6), 497-506. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2010.113

Clay, C., Gleeson, D., Howitt, R., Lawrence, H., Abdelkrim, J., & Gemmell, N. (2010). Characterisation of microsatellite markers for the primitive New Zealand frog, Leiopelma hochstetteri. Conservation Genetics Resources, 2(1), 301-303. doi: 10.1007/s12686-010-9211-8

Buschiazzo, E., & Gemmell, N. J. (2010). Conservation of human microsatellites across 450 million years of evolution. Genome Biology & Evolution, 2, 153-165. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evq007

Negro, S. S., Caudron, A. K., Dubois, M., Delahaut, P., & Gemmell, N. J. (2010). Correlation between male social status, testosterone levels, and parasitism in a dimorphic polygynous mammal. PLoS ONE, 5(9), e12507. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012507

Abdelkrim, J., Byrom, A. E., & Gemmell, N. J. (2010). Fine-scale genetic structure of mainland invasive Rattus rattus populations: Implications for restoration of forested conservation areas in New Zealand. Conservation Genetics, 11(5), 1953-1964. doi: 10.1007/s10592-010-0085-9

Goldstien, S. J., Schiel, D. R., & Gemmell, N. J. (2010). Regional connectivity and coastal expansion: Differentiating pre-border and post-border vectors for the invasive tunicate Styela clava. Molecular Ecology, 19(5), 874-885. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04527.x

Steeves, T. E., Maloney, R. F., Hale, M. L., Tylianakis, J. M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2010). Genetic analyses reveal hybridization but no hybrid swarm in one of the world's rarest birds. Molecular Ecology, 19(23), 5090-5100. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04895.x

Abdelkrim, J., Robertson, B. C., Stanton, J.-A. L., & Gemmell, N. J. (2009). Fast, cost-effective development of species-specific microsatellite markers by genomic sequencing. Biotechniques, 46(3), 185-192. doi: 10.2144/000113084

Rosengrave, P., Montgomerie, R., Metcalf, V. J., McBride, K., & Gemmell, N. J. (2009). Sperm traits in Chinook salmon depend upon activation medium: Implications for studies of sperm competition in fishes. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 87(10), 920-927. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddp442

Goldstien, S. J., Gemmell, N. J., & Schiel, D. R. (2009). Colonisation and connectivity by intertidal limpets among New Zealand, Chatham and Sub-Antarctic Islands. I. Genetic connections. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 388, 111-119. doi: 10.3354/meps08046

Buschiazzo, E., & Gemmell, N. J. (2009). Evolutionary and phylogenetic significance of platypus microsatellites conserved in mammalian and other vertebrate genomes. Australian Journal of Zoology, 57(3-4), 175-184. doi: 10.1071/zo09038

Vanpé, C., Buschiazzo, E., Abdelkrim, J., Morrow, G., Nicol, S. C., & Gemmell, N. J. (2009). Development of microsatellite markers for the short-beaked echidna using three different approaches. Australian Journal of Zoology, 57(3-4), 219-224. doi: 10.1071/zo09033

Caudron, A. K., Negro, S. S., Fowler, M., Boren, L., Poncin, P., Robertson, B. C., & Gemmell, N. J. (2009). Alternative mating tactics in the New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri): When non-territorial males are successful too. Australian Journal of Zoology, 57(6), 409-421. doi: 10.1071/ZO09024

White, D. J., & Gemmell, N. J. (2009). Can indirect tests detect a known recombination event in human mtDNA? Molecular Biology & Evolution, 26(7), 1435-1439. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msp073

Rosengrave, P., Taylor, H., Montgomerie, R., Metcalf, V., McBride, K., & Gemmell, N. J. (2009). Chemical composition of seminal and ovarian fluids of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawtscha) and their effects on sperm motility traits. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A, 152, 123-129. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2008.09.009

Wolff, J. N., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Lost in the zygote: The dilution of paternal mtDNA upon fertilization. Heredity, 101, 429-434. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2008.74

Wolff, J. N., Gandre, S., Kalinin, A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Delimiting the frequency of paternal leakage of mitochondrial DNA in Chinook Salmon. Genetics, 179, 1029-1032. doi: 10.1534/genetics.107.085274

Merkel, A., & Gemmell, N. (2008). Detecting short tandem repeats from genome data: Opening the software black box. Briefings in Bioinformatics, 9(5), 355-366. doi: 10.1093/bib/bbn028

Dowell, S. A., Boren, L. J., Negro, S. S., Muller, C. G., Caudron, A. K., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Rearing two New Zealand fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) pups to weaning. Australian Journal of Zoology, 56, 33-39. doi: 10.1071/ZO07063

Boren, L., Morrissey, M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Motor vehicle collisions and the New Zealand fur seal in the Kaikoura region. Marine Mammal Science, 24(1), 235-238. doi: 10.1111/J.1748-7692.2007.00172.x

Wolff, J. N., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Combining allele-specific fluorescent probes and restriction assay in real-time PCR to achieve SNP scoring beyond allele ratios of 1:1000. Biotechniques, 44(2), 193-199. doi: 10.2144/000112719

Rosengrave, P., Gemmell, N. J., Metcalf, V., McBride, K., & Montgomerie, R. (2008). A mechanism for cryptic female choice in chinook salmon. Behavioral Ecology, 19(6), 1179-1185. doi: 10.1093/beheco/arn089

Warren, W. C., Hillier, L. W., Marshall Graves, J. A., Birney, E., Ponting, C. P., Grützner, F., … Gemmell, N. J., … Wilson, R. K. (2008). Genome analysis of the platypus reveals unique signatures of evolution. Nature, 453, 175-184. doi: 10.1038/nature06936

Merkel, A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Detecting microsatellites in genome data: Variance in definitions and bioinformatic approaches cause systematic bias. Evolutionary Bioinformatics, 4, 1-6. Retrieved from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/tocrender.fcgi?iid=175066

Boren, L. J., Gemmell, N., & Barton, K. (2008). The role and presence of a guide: Preliminary findings from swim with seal programs and land-based seal viewing in New Zealand. Tourism in Marine Environments, 5(2-3), 187-199. doi: 10.3727/154427308787716776

Horn, T., Gemmell, N. J., Robertson, B. C., & Bridges, C. R. (2008). Telomere length change in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Australian Journal of Zoology, 56(3), 207-210. doi: 10.1071/ZO08046

Steeves, T. E., Hale, M. L., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Development of polymorphic microsatellite markers for the New Zealand black stilt (Himantopus novaezelandiae) and cross-amplification in the pied stilt (Himantopus himantopus leucocephalus). Molecular Ecology Resources, 8(5), 1105-1107. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2008.02170.x

Vörös, J., Mitchell, A., Waldman, B., Goldstien, S., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). Crossing the Tasman Sea: Inferring the introduction history of Litoria aurea and Litoria raniformis (Anura: Hylidae) from Australia into New Zealand. Austral Ecology, 33, 623-629. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9993.2007.01828.x

Bagshaw, A. T. M., Pitt, J. P. W., & Gemmell, N. J. (2008). High frequency of microsatellites in S. cerevisiae meiotic recombination hotspots. BMC Genomics, 8, 49. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-9-49

Brandström, M., Bagshaw, A. T., Gemmell, N. J., & Ellegren, H. (2008). The relationship between microsatellite polymorphism and recombination hot spots in the human genome. Molecular Biology & Evolution, 25(12), 2579-2587. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msn201

Fouquet, A., Gilles, A., Vences, M., Marty, C., Blanc, M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2007). Underestimation of species richness in neotropical frogs revealed by mtDNA analyses. PLoS ONE, 2(10), e1109. Retrieved from http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0001109

Caudron, A. K., Negro, S. S., Muller, C. G., Boren, L. J., & Gemmell, N. J. (2007). Hair sampling and genotyping from hair follicles: A minimally-invasive alternative for genetics studies in small, mobile pinnipeds and other mammals. Marine Mammal Science, 23(1), 184-192.

Didham, R. K., Tylianakis, J. M., Gemmell, N. J., Rand, T. A., & Ewers, R. M. (2007). Interactive effects of habitat modification and species invasion on native species decline. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22(9), 489-496.

Robertson, B. C., Steeves, T. E., McBride, K. P., Goldstien, S. J., Williams, M., & Gemmell, N. J. (2007). Phylogeography of the New Zealand blue duck (Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos): Implications for translocation and species recovery. Conservation Genetics, 8, 1431-1440. doi: 10.1007/s10592-007-9294-2

Hunt, G. R., Abdelkrim, J., Anderson, M. G., Holzhaider, J. C., Marshall, A. J., Gemmell, N. J., & Gray, R. D. (2007). Innovative pandanus-tool folding by New Caledonian crows. Australian Journal of Zoology, 55, 291-298.

French, N. P., Gemmell, N. J., & Buddle, B. M. (2007). Advances in biosecurity to 2010 and beyond: Towards integrated detection, analysis and response to exotic pest invasions. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 55(6), 255-263.

Robertson, B. C., Elliott, G. P., Eason, D. K., Clout, M. N., & Gemmell, N. J. (2006). Sex allocation theory aids species conservation. Biology Letters, 2(2), 229-231. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2005.0430

Buschiazzo, E., & Gemmell, N. J. (2006). The rise, fall and renaissance of microsatellites in eukaryotic genomes. BioEssays, 28, 1040-1050. doi: 10.1002/bies.20470

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