Accessibility Skip to Global Navigation Skip to Local Navigation Skip to Content Skip to Search Skip to Site Map Menu

Mike Hilton

Position:

Associate Professor

Qualifications:MA(Hons), PhD(Auck)

Office Hours:

by email appointment

 

Teaching

GEOG397 Environmental Management
GEOG474 Coastal Management


Research Interests

My research is primarily concerned with the Aeolian geomorphology, ecology and restoration of sandy coasts, with a particular focus on coastal dune systems. Within these systems I focus on the geomorphology of foredunes, since the dynamics and stability of this type of coastal dune is important to society because of their coastal hazard defence function, and because they are functionally connected to the development of hinterland dune systems.

Key research questions:-

  1. What processes determine rates and patterns of sand deposition and erosion in foredunes? I am currently examining the impact changing wind directionality will have on foredune/dune system development.
  2. What impact do alien sand-binding species have on dune morphology, dune ecology and dune system development in temperate dune systems? And what are the consequences of releasing this sand when restoration involves de-vegetation?
  3. How will natural and modified dune systems respond to future environmental change, particularly eustatic sea-level rise and increased storm frequency/severity due to global warming?
  4. How can dune systems on developed (metropolitan) coasts be engineered to maximize ecosystem services, including hazard management, amenity value and biodiversity?

These questions are of fundamental importance in Geography and Geomorphology, but they are also germane to a range of contemporary resource management issues.

^ Top of Page


Current Research Projects

Patterns and processes of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) dispersal and invasion in New Zealand
Marram grass has degraded the geomorphology and flora of most New Zealand dune systems. It was planted throughout New Zealand in the late 1800s and through the 1900s, but has clearly become naturalised and dispersed beyond intentional plantings. This research is particularly concerned with how marram grass is dispersed, as sea-rafted rhizome and wind-blown seed. Work during 2004 established that marram rhizome is commonly washed into the sea during episodes of foredune scarping and can float, strand and establish new colonies after at least 30 days in seawater. This work is concerned with the probability of marram grass colonising isolated and relatively pristine dune systems and the likelihood of it re-infesting recently restored dune systems in Fiordland and on Stewart Island. see more...

Click here to view recent Research Grants

Professional affiliations and membership

^ Top of Page


Postgraduate Supervision

Current Postgraduate Supervision

  • Simons-Smith, T. Wind flow and sediment transport through three morphologically different foredune notches, St Kilda, Dunedin. Master of Science - primary supervisor


Recent Postgraduate Supervision

PhD

  • Chen, B. Beach Gravel Abrasion, Doctor of Philosophy, University of Otago (2014) co-supervisor
  • Konlechner, T. Marine dispersal of Ammophila arenaria. Doctor of Philosophy, University of Otago (2012) co-supervisor
  • Hetherington, J. Dune vegetation restoration following Lupinus arboreus eradication. Doctor of Philosophy, University of Otago (2011) co-supervisor
  • Pattanapol, W. Wind flow over complex topography Doctor of Philosophy, University of Otago (2010) co-supervisor


Master of Science / Master of Applied Science

  • Moloney, JG. Digital surface models and feature mapping from low cost UAV photography, Master of Science in Environmental Management (Distinction), University of Otago (2017) – primary supervisor
  • Buckley, E. Sedimentation and dune development following foredune restoration, Mason Bay, Stewart Island. Master of Science, University of Otago (2015) – primary supervisor
  • Lyttle, K. (MSciComm): The perception of dune restoration programmes. Master of Science and Communication, University of Otago (2014) co-supervisor
  • MacLachlan, K.Temporal and spatial dynamics of the seed bank of Ammophila arenaria (marram grass). Master of Science, University of Otago (2014) primary supervisor)
  • Fordyce, E. Sea-level rise and groundwater levels in South Dunedin. Master of Applied Science, University of Otago (2014) co-supervisor
  • Kelly, M. Marram-forced foredune progradation in southern New Zealand. Master of Science, University of Otago (2012) – primary supervisor
  • Lim, D. The importance of seed in the invasion of active dune systems by marram grass (Ammophila arenaia). Master of Applied Science, University of Otago (2010) primary supervisor


Master of Planning

  • Cummins, J. The decision to armour or move low-lying coastal roads. Master of Planning, University of Otago (2015) primary supervisor
  • Scouller, A. An Evaluation of Coastal Setback Methodologies in New Zealand. Master of Planning (Credit), University of Otago (2010) primary supervisor


see more.....

^ Top of page

Publications

Hilton, M., Nickling, B., Wakes, S., Sherman, D., Konlechner, T., Jermy, M., & Geoghegan, P. (2017). An efficient, self-orienting, vertical-array, sand trap. Aeolian Research, 25, 11-21. doi: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2017.01.003

Konlechner, T. M., Orlovich, D. A., & Hilton, M. J. (2016). Restrictions in the sprouting ability of an invasive coastal plant, Ammophila arenaria, from fragmented rhizomes. Plant Ecology, 217(5), 521-532. doi: 10.1007/s11258-016-0597-6

Wakes, S. J., Hilton, M. J., & Konlechner, T. (2016). Topographic steering of oblique incident winds across a foredune-parabolic topography, Mason Bay, Stewart Island, New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research, 75(Spec. Iss.), 343-347. doi: 10.2112/SI75-069.1

Konlechner, T. M., Buckley, E. E. C. B., Hilton, M. J., & Wakes, S. J. (2016). Downwind dune dynamics following Ammophila arenaria invasion. Journal of Coastal Research, 1(Spec. Iss. 75), (pp. 298-302). doi: 10.2112/SI75-60.1

Buckley, E. E. C. B., Hilton, M. J., Konlechner, T. M., & Lord, J. M. (2016). Downwind sedimentation and habitat development following ammophila arenaria removal and Dune Erosion, Mason Bay, New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research, (Spec. Iss. 75), (pp. 268-272). doi: 10.2112/SI75-54.1

Authored Book - Research

Hilton, M. J. (2000). The Sand Dunes of Kawakaputa Bay and Haldane Bay, Southland. Department of Conservation, Wellington: Conservation Advisory Science Notes NO. 275, 12p.

Hilton, M., Macauley, U., & Henderson, R. (2000). Inventory of New Zealand's active dunelands: Science for Conservation 157. Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Conservation, 29p.

Ingle, C., & Hilton, M. J. (1997). Indigenous Habitat Monitoring Under the Resource Management Act 1991. (Publication / Environmental Policy and Management Research Centre, no.9). Dunedin: Environmental Policy and Management Research Centr, 93p.

^ Top of page

Authored Book - Other

Hilton, M., & Konlechner, T. (2005). A report on the sand dunes of Hakapureirei (Sandhill Point) for the Department of Conservation (Southland) & Te Runaka o Oraka-Aparima. Dunedin, New Zealand: Southern Dune Research Group, University of Otago, 14p.

Hilton, M., Woodley, D., Hart, A., & Arbuckle, C. (2003). The impact of marram grass eradication in the southern dunes of Doughboy Bay, Rakiura National Park, Stewart Island: A report to the Department of Conservation (Southland). Dunedin, New Zealand: Department of Geography, University of Otago, 66p.

^ Top of page

Chapter in Book - Research

Hesp, P. A., & Hilton, M. J. (2013). Restoration of foredunes and transgressive dunefields: Case studies from New Zealand. In L. M. Martinez, J. B. Gallego-Fernández & P. A. Hesp (Eds.), Restoration of coastal dunes. (pp. 67-92). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-33445-0

Harvey, N., & Hilton, M. (2006). Coastal management in the Asia-Pacific region. In N. Harvey (Ed.), Global change and integrated coastal management: The Asia-Pacific region. (pp. 39-66). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. doi: 10.1007/1-4020-3628-0

Hilton, M., Nichol, S., & Goff, J. (2003). Offshore sand systems: Geomorphology annd management. In J. R. Goff, S. L. Nichol & H. L. Rouse (Eds.), The New Zealand coast: Te tai o Aotearoa. (pp. 97-118). Palmerston North: Dunmore Press.

Hilton, M. J. (2000). Regional coastal plans. In A. Memon & H. Perkins (Eds.), Environmental Planning in New Zealand, 2nd Edition. (pp. 223-227). Christchurch: Dunmore Press.

^ Top of page

Chapter in Book - Other

Hilton, M. (2004). APN Global Change Coastal Management Workshop, Kobe, Japan, November, 2004. In N. Harvey, M. Rice & L. Stevenson (Eds.), APN: Global change coastal zone management synthesis report. (pp. 1-37). Japan: APN.

^ Top of page

Journal - Research Article

Hilton, M., Nickling, B., Wakes, S., Sherman, D., Konlechner, T., Jermy, M., & Geoghegan, P. (2017). An efficient, self-orienting, vertical-array, sand trap. Aeolian Research, 25, 11-21. doi: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2017.01.003

Konlechner, T. M., Orlovich, D. A., & Hilton, M. J. (2016). Restrictions in the sprouting ability of an invasive coastal plant, Ammophila arenaria, from fragmented rhizomes. Plant Ecology, 217(5), 521-532. doi: 10.1007/s11258-016-0597-6

Wakes, S. J., Hilton, M. J., & Konlechner, T. (2016). Topographic steering of oblique incident winds across a foredune-parabolic topography, Mason Bay, Stewart Island, New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research, 75(Spec. Iss.), 343-347. doi: 10.2112/SI75-069.1

Konlechner, T. M., Hilton, M. J., & Lord, J. M. (2015). Plant community response following the removal of the invasive Lupinus arboreus in a coastal dune system. Restoration Ecology, 23(5), 607-614. doi: 10.1111/rec.12234

Konlechner, T. M., Ryu, W., Hilton, M. J., & Sherman, D. J. (2015). Evolution of foredune texture following dynamic restoration, Doughboy Bay, Stewart Island, New Zealand. Aeolian Research, 19, 203-214. doi: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2015.06.003

Lai, S., Loke, L. H. L., Hilton, M. J., Bouma, T. J., & Todd, P. A. (2015). The effects of urbanisation on coastal habitats and the potential for ecological engineering: A Singapore case study. Ocean & Coastal Management, 103, 78-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.11.006

Konlechner, T. M., Hilton, M. J., & Orlovich, D. A. (2013). Accommodation space limits plant invasion: Ammophila arenaria survival on New Zealand beaches. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 17(3), 463-472. doi: 10.1007/s11852-013-0244-5

Hart, A. T., Hilton, M. J., Wakes, S. J., & Dickinson, K. J. M. (2012). The impact of Ammophila arenaria foredune development on downwind aerodynamics and parabolic dune development. Journal of Coastal Research, 28(1), 112-122. doi: 10.2112/jcoastres-d-10-00058.1

Petersen, P. S., Hilton, M. J., & Wakes, S. J. (2011). Evidence of aeolian sediment transport across an Ammophila arenaria-dominated foredune, Mason Bay, Stewart Island. New Zealand Geographer, 67(3), 174-189. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7939.2011.01210.x

Wakes, S. J., Maegli, T., Dickinson, K. J., & Hilton, M. J. (2010). Numerical modelling of wind flow over a complex topography. Environmental Modelling & Software, 25(2), 237-247. doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2009.08.003

Spronken-Smith, R., & Hilton, M. (2009). Recapturing quality field experiences and strengthening teaching-research links. New Zealand Geographer, 65(2), 139-146. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7939.2009.01156.x

Kench, P. S., Bryan, K. R., Hart, D. E., Kennedy, D. M., & Hilton, M. J. (2008). A commentary on coastal research in New Zealand universities. New Zealand Geographer, 64(2), 93-104.

Pattanapol, W., Wakes, S. J., Hilton, M. J., & Dickinson, K. J. M. (2008). Modeling of surface roughness for flow over a complex vegetated surface. International Journal of Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences, 2(1), 18-26.

Hilton, M., Harvey, N., & James, K. (2007). The impact and management of exotic dune grasses near the mouth of the Murray River, South Australia. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, 14(4), 220-230.

Pattanapol, W., Wakes, S. J., Hilton, M. J., & Dickinson, K. J. M. (2007). Modeling of surface roughness for flow over a complex vegetated surface. Proceedings of World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology, 32, 273-281.

Hilton, M. J. (2006). The loss of New Zealand's active dunes and the spread of marram grass (Ammophila arenaria). New Zealand Geographer, 62(2), 105-120. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7939.2006.00054.x

Hilton, M., Harvey, N., Hart, A., James, K., & Arbuckle, C. (2006). The impact of exotic dune grass species on foredune development in Australia and New Zealand: A case study of Ammophila arenaria and Thinopyrum junceiforme. Australian Geographer, 37(3), 313-334. doi: 10.1080/00049180600954765

Hilton, M., Duncan, M., & Jul, A. (2005). Processes of Ammophila arenaria (Marram Grass) Invasion and indigenous species displacement, Stewart Island, New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(1), 175-186.

Dixon, P., Hilton, M., & Bannister, P. (2004). Desmoschoenus spiralis displacement by Ammophila arenaria: The role of drought. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 28(2), 207-213.

Clark, E. L., & Hilton, M. J. (2003). Measuring and reporting changing public access to and along the coast. New Zealand Geographer, 59(1), 7-16.

Hilton, M. J., & Chou, L. M. (1999). Sediment facies of a low-energy, meso-tidal, fringing reef, Singapore. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 20(2), 111-130.

Hesp, P., Chang, C. H., Hilton, M. J., Chou, L. M., & Turner, I. M. (1998). A first tentative holocene sea-level curve for Singapore. Journal of Coastal Research, 14(1), 308-314.

Hilton, M. J. (1998). Cities on the shore: the urban littoral frontier. Urban Policy & Research, 16(4), 335-337.

Austin, K., & Hilton, M. J. (1997). Preserving the coastal environment. Planning Quarterly, 126, 21-26.

^ Top of page

Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Hilton, M. J. (2000). Marram grass eradication on Stewart Island gets airborne. Coastal News, 14, 6-7.

^ Top of page

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Full paper

Konlechner, T. M., Buckley, E. E. C. B., Hilton, M. J., & Wakes, S. J. (2016). Downwind dune dynamics following Ammophila arenaria invasion. Journal of Coastal Research, 1(Spec. Iss. 75), (pp. 298-302). doi: 10.2112/SI75-60.1

Buckley, E. E. C. B., Hilton, M. J., Konlechner, T. M., & Lord, J. M. (2016). Downwind sedimentation and habitat development following ammophila arenaria removal and Dune Erosion, Mason Bay, New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research, (Spec. Iss. 75), (pp. 268-272). doi: 10.2112/SI75-54.1

Hilton, M. J., Hatcher, S. V., Wakes, S. J., & Konlechner, T. M. (2016). Flow deflection and deceleration across a simple foredune. Journal of Coastal Research, (Spec. Iss. 75), (pp. 293-297). doi: 10.2112/SI75-059.1

Konlechner, T. M., Hilton, M. J., & Arens, S. M. (2014). Transgressive dune development following deliberate de-vegetation for dune restoration in The Netherlands and New Zealand. Dynamiques environnementales: Proceedings of the Coastal & Marine Union (EUCC) Symposium & Field Workshop: Integrated Coastal Dune Management in Europe. 33, (pp. 140-152). [Full Paper]

Pattanapol, W., Wakes, S. J., & Hilton, M. (2011). Using computational fluid dynamics to determine suitable foredune morphologies in New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research. (Special Issue 64), (pp. 298-302). [Full Paper]

Hilton, M., & Konlechner, T. (2011). Incipient foredunes developed from marine-dispersed rhizome of Ammophilia arenaria. Journal of Coastal Research, 1(Special Issue 64), (pp. 288-292). [Full Paper]

Hilton, M. J., & Konlechner, T. M. (2010). A review of the marram grass eradication programme (1999-2009), Stewart Island, New Zealand. In S. M. Zydenbos (Ed.), Proceedings of the 17th Australasian Weeds Conference: New frontiers in New Zealand: Together we can Beat the Weeds. (pp. 386-389). Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Protection Society. [Full Paper]

Konlechner, T. M., & Hilton, M. J. (2010). Ammophila arenaria (marram grass) persistence through seedling recruitment. In S. M. Zydenbos (Ed.), Proceedings of the 17th Australasian Weeds Conference: New Frontiers in New Zealand: Together we can Beat the Weeds. (pp. 390-393). Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Protection Society. [Full Paper]

Konlechner, T. M., & Hilton, M. J. (2009). The potential for marine dispersal of Ammophila arenaria (Marram grass) rhizome in New Zealand. Journal of Coastal Research [Special Issue]. 56, (pp. 434-437). [Full Paper]

Hilton, M., Woodley, D., Sweeney, C., & Konlechner, T. (2009). The development of a prograded foredune barrier following Ammophila arenaria eradication, Doughboy Bay, Stewart Island. Journal of Coastal Research [Special Issue]. 56, (pp. 317-321). [Full Paper]

Wakes, S. J., Maegli, T., Dickinson, K. J. M., & Hilton, M. (2008). Three-dimensional flow simulation over a complex sand dune system. In C. A. Brebbia (Ed.), Environmental Problems in Coastal Regions VII. (pp. 221-230). Ashurst, UK: WIT Press. [Full Paper]

Wakes, S. J., Hilton, M., Dickinson, K., & Maegli, T. (2005). Using computational fluid dynamics to investigate the effect of a Marram covered foredune: Initial results. In C. A. Brebbia & M. de Conçeicao Cunha (Eds.), WIT Transactions on the Built Environment. 78, (pp. 197-206). WIT Press. [Full Paper]

Hilton, M., & Harvey, N. (2002). Management implications of exotic dune grasses on the Sir Richard Peninsula, South Australia. Coast to Coast: Australia's National Coastal Conference. (pp. 186-189). Australia: Coastal Council of NSW. Retrieved from http://www.coastal.crc.org.au/coast2coast2002

^ Top of page

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Buckley, E., Hilton, M., & Konlechner, T. (2014). Effects of increased sedimentation on the down-wind deflation surface plant communities following dynamic dune restoration. In T. Konlechner & S. Connelly (Eds.), Proceedings of the Postgraduate Symposium. (pp. 12). Retrieved from http://www.geography.otago.ac.nz/resources

Robb, S., & Hilton, M. (2014). The Bruun Model: Predicting the extent of sea level rise on coastlines. In T. Konlechner & S. Connelly (Eds.), Proceedings of the Postgraduate Symposium. (pp. 51). Retrieved from http://www.geography.otago.ac.nz/resources

More publications...