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GEOL251 Minerals and Rocks

Mineralogy, element distribution in rocks, x-ray techniques, silicate crystal structures, mineral and rock compositions. Crystal optics and mineral identification using the petrographic microscope. Introductory petrography, petrology and classification of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.

Paper title Minerals and Rocks
Paper code GEOL251
Subject Geology
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period First Semester
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $1,018.05
International Tuition Fees (NZD) $4,320.00

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Prerequisite
GEOL 112 or GEOX 112
Schedule C
Science
Contact
geology@otago.ac.nz
Teaching staff
Co-ordinator: Dr James Scott, james.scott@otago.ac.nz
Lecturer: Dr Candace Martin, candace.martin@otago.ac.nz
Paper Structure
Lectures cover five themes:
  • Three weeks on crystallography
  • Two weeks on optical microscopy
  • Two weeks on sedimentary rocks
  • Two weeks on igneous rocks
  • Two weeks on metamorphic rocks
Textbooks
Earth Materials - Klein and PhilpottsIntroduction to the rock-forming minerals 3rd Edition; Deer, Howie Zusmann
Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Interdisciplinary perspective, Critical thinking, Research, Self-motivation.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes
  • Ability to identify a variety of common minerals and rocks in hand specimen
  • Basic understanding of crystallography and its relationship to optical mineralogy
  • Use of transmitted polarised light microscope to identify minerals and rocks in hand specimen
  • Basic understanding of mineral- and rock-forming processes

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Timetable

First Semester

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Lecture

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend
L1 Wednesday 09:00-09:50 9-15, 17-22
Wednesday 12:00-12:50 9-15, 17-22

Practical

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
P1 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 9-15, 17-22
P2 Thursday 09:00-11:50 9-15, 17-22

Mineralogy, element distribution in rocks, x-ray techniques, silicate crystal structures, mineral and rock compositions. Crystal optics and mineral identification using the petrographic microscope. Introductory petrography, petrology and classification of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.

This paper introduces the physical and chemical principles that control the crystallisation of minerals. A practical and theoretical background to mineral optics, essential to identifying minerals, is provided using petrographic microscopes. Mineralogical knowledge is then applied to the classification of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. This is a compulsory course for all students intending to major in Geology at Otago, and is also a prerequisite to several of the optional 200-300 level papers.

Paper title Minerals and Rocks
Paper code GEOL251
Subject Geology
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period First Semester
Domestic Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for 2018 have not yet been set
International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.

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Prerequisite
GEOL 112 or GEOX 112
Schedule C
Science
Teaching Arrangements
Two lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week.
Eligibility
Background requirements: A basic knowledge of high-school level chemistry will be helpful.
Contact
geology@otago.ac.nz
Teaching staff
Coordinator: Dr Marco Brenna
Lecturer: Dr Candace Martin
Paper Structure
Lectures cover five themes:
  • Three weeks on crystallography
  • Three weeks on optical microscopy
  • Two weeks on sedimentary rocks
  • Two weeks on igneous rocks
  • Two weeks on metamorphic rocks
Assessment is approximately an even split between internal (on-going during the semester) and external (final exam).
Textbooks
Klein, C. & Philpotts A.R., 2017 Earth Materials. Cambridge University Press

Nesse, W. 2012. Introduction to Optical Mineralogy. Oxford University Press
Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Interdisciplinary perspective, Critical thinking, Research, Self-motivation.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes
  • Ability to identify a variety of common minerals and rocks in hand specimen
  • Basic understanding of crystallography and its relationship to optical mineralogy
  • Use of transmitted polarised light microscope to identify minerals and rocks in hand specimen
  • Basic understanding of mineral- and rock-forming processes

^ Top of page

Timetable

First Semester

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Lecture

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend
L1 Wednesday 09:00-09:50 9-12, 15-16, 18-22
Wednesday 12:00-12:50 9-12, 15-16, 18-22

Practical

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
P1 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 9-12, 15-16, 18-22
P2 Thursday 09:00-11:50 9-12, 15-16, 18-22