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Health Sciences profile

Professor John McMillan

PositionDirector, Bioethics Centre
DepartmentBioethics Centre
QualificationsBA(Hons) PhD(Otago)
Research summaryPrioritisation, reproductive ethics, the philosophy and ethics of mental health, research ethics, and the methods of bioethics.
Teaching

John is available to supervise graduate students on a broad range of topics with bioethics.

Memberships

He is Series Editor of Research Ethics Forum, a new book series that is published by Springer. He is Reviews Editor for, and an editorial board member of, the Journal of Applied Philosophy.

Research

John has published broadly within bioethics.

His book projects include Principles of Healthcare Ethics (with Ashcroft, Dawson, and Draper) 2007, Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry (with Widdershoven, Hope, and Van der Scheer) OUP 2008, The Limits of Consent (with Corrigan, Liddell, Richards, and Weijer) OUP 2009, and Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry, and Philosophy (with Malatesti) OUP 2010.

He is currently working on The Methods of Bioethics: An Essay in Metabioethics for OUP.

Publications

McMillan, J. (2017). Empirical bioethics and the fact/value distinction. In J. Ives, M. Dunn & A. Cribb (Eds.), Empirical bioethics: Theoretical and practical perspectives. (pp. 17-32). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/9781139939829

Kerruish, N. J., McMillan, J., & Wheeler, B. J. (2017). The ethics of parental refusal of newborn vitamin K prophylaxis. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 53(1), 8-11. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13364

McMillan, J., & Snelling, J. (2016). Equality: Old debates, new technologies. In R. Brownsword, E. Scotford & K. Yeung (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of the law and regulation of technology. (Online ed.) Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199680832.013.3

McMillan, J., Snelling, J., & Gavaghan, C. (2016). Psihopati, sigurnosno zatvaranje po punom izvršenju kazne zatvora i retorika rizika [Psychopaths, post-sentence preventive detention and the rhetoric of risk]. In S. Prijić-Samaržija, L. Malatesti & E. Baccarini (Eds.), Moralni, politički i epistemološki odgovori na društvene devijacije [Moral, political, epistemological responses to social deviations]. (pp. 201-217). Rijeki, Croatia: Filozofski facultet u Rijeci.

McMillan, J. (2016). Conservative and critical morality in debate about reproductive technologies. In S. Clarke, J. Savulescu, C. A. J. Coady, A. Giubilini & S. Sanyal (Eds.), The ethics of human enhancement: Understanding the debate. (pp. 100-110). Oxford University Press.

Authored Book - Research

Gillett, G., & McMillan, J. (2001). Consciousness and intentionality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 261p.

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Edited Book - Research

Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (Eds.). (2010). Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. Oxford University Press, 329p.

Corrigan, O., McMillan, J., Liddell, K., Richards, M., & Weijer, C. (Eds.). (2009). The limits of consent: A socio-ethical approach to human subject research in medicine. Oxford University Press, 256p. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231461.001.0001

Widdershoven, G., McMillan, J., Hope, T., & van der Scheer, L. (Eds.). (2008). Empirical ethics in psychiatry. Oxford University Press, 264p.

Ashcroft, R. E., Dawson, A., Draper, H., & McMillan, J. (Eds.). (2007). Principles of health care ethics (2nd ed.). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 864p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

McMillan, J. (2017). Empirical bioethics and the fact/value distinction. In J. Ives, M. Dunn & A. Cribb (Eds.), Empirical bioethics: Theoretical and practical perspectives. (pp. 17-32). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/9781139939829

McMillan, J., & Snelling, J. (2016). Equality: Old debates, new technologies. In R. Brownsword, E. Scotford & K. Yeung (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of the law and regulation of technology. (Online ed.) Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199680832.013.3

McMillan, J. (2016). Conservative and critical morality in debate about reproductive technologies. In S. Clarke, J. Savulescu, C. A. J. Coady, A. Giubilini & S. Sanyal (Eds.), The ethics of human enhancement: Understanding the debate. (pp. 100-110). Oxford University Press.

McMillan, J., Snelling, J., & Gavaghan, C. (2016). Psihopati, sigurnosno zatvaranje po punom izvršenju kazne zatvora i retorika rizika [Psychopaths, post-sentence preventive detention and the rhetoric of risk]. In S. Prijić-Samaržija, L. Malatesti & E. Baccarini (Eds.), Moralni, politički i epistemološki odgovori na društvene devijacije [Moral, political, epistemological responses to social deviations]. (pp. 201-217). Rijeki, Croatia: Filozofski facultet u Rijeci.

McMillan, J. (2015). Bioethics. In E. Handsley, C. MacDougall & M. Rich (Eds.), Children's wellbeing in the media age: Multidisciplinary perspectives from the Harvard-Australia Symposium. (pp. 77-89). Sydney, Australia: Federation Press.

Snelling, J., & McMillan, J. (2015). Psychosurgery. In H. ten Have (Ed.), Encyclopedia of global bioethics. Springer International. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-05544-2_356-1

Walker, S., & McMillan, J. (2015). Memory, identity and dementia. In T. Schramme & S. Edwards (Eds.), Handbook of the philosophy of medicine. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-8706-2_64-1

McMillan, J. (2014). Electroconvulsive therapy [Addendum]. In Bioethics. (4th ed.) (pp. 916-918). Cengage Learning.

McMillan, J. (2014). Sex selection. In Bioethics. (4th ed.) (pp. 2723-2728). Cengage Learning.

McMillan, J. (2013). Psychiatric ethics. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), International encyclopedia of ethics. (pp. 4186-4195). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee070

McMillan, J. (2013). Psychosurgery. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), International encyclopedia of ethics. (pp. 4206-4211). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee064

McMillan, J. (2011). Public health research ethics: Is non-exploitation the new principle for population-based research ethics? In A. Dawson (Ed.), Public health ethics: Key concepts and issues in policy and practice. (pp. 174-190). Cambridge University Press.

McMillan, J., & Malatesti, L. (2010). Responsibility and psychopathy. In L. Malatesti & J. McMillan (Eds.), Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. (pp. 185-197). New York: Oxford University Press.

Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (2010). Conclusions: Psychopathy and responsibility, a rejoinder. In L. Malatesti & J. McMillan (Eds.), Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. (pp. 319-323). New York: Oxford University Press.

Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (2010). Defending PCL-R. In L. Malatesti & J. McMillan (Eds.), Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. (pp. 79-91). New York: Oxford University Press.

McMillan, J., & Malatesti, L. (2010). Introduction: Interfacing law, philosophy, and psychiatry. In L. Malatesti & J. McMillan (Eds.), Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. (pp. 1-5). New York: Oxford University Press.

McMillan, J. (2010). Prozac, authenticity, and the Aristotelian mean. In M. Häyry, T. Takala, P. Herissone-Kelly & G. Árnason (Eds.), Arguments and analysis in bioethics. (pp. 185-196). Amsterdam: Rodopi.

McMillan, J. R. (2007). Mental illness and compulsory treatment. In R. E. Ashcroft, A. Dawson, H. Draper & J. McMillan (Eds.), Principles of health care ethics. (2nd ed.) (pp. 443-448). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

McMillan, J. R. (2007). Introduction. In R. E. Ashcroft, A. Dawson, H. Draper & J. McMillan (Eds.), Principles of health care ethics. (2nd ed.) (pp. 1-2). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Gillett, G., & McMillan, J. (2002). Consent as empowerment: the roles of postmodern and narrative ethics. In K. W. M. Fulford, D. Dickinson & T. H. Murray (Eds.), Health Care Ethics and Human Values: an introductory text with readings and case studies. (pp. 225-228). Oxford: Blackwell.

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Journal - Research Article

Foster Page, L. A., Chen, V., Gibson, B., & McMillan, J. (2016). Overcoming structural inequalities in oral health: The role of dental curricula. Community Dental Health, 33(2), 168-172. doi: 10.1922/CDH_3719Foster05

Chen, V., Foster Page, L., McMillan, J., Lyons, K., & Gibson, B. (2016). Measuring the attitudes of dental students towards social accountability following dental education: Qualitative findings. Medical Teacher, 38(6), 599-606. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2015.1060303

Lawn, S., Delany, T., Pulvirenti, M., Smith, A., & McMillan, J. (2016). Examining the use of metaphors to understand the experience of community treatment orders for patients and mental health workers. BMC Psychiatry, 16, 82. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-0791-z

Kerruish, N., & McMillan, J. R. (2015). Parental reasoning about growth attenuation therapy: Report of a single-case study. Journal of Medical Ethics, 41, 745-749. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2013-101913

Broadbent, J. M., Wills, R., McMillan, J., Drummond, B. K., & Whyman, R. (2015). Evaluation of evidence behind some recent claims against community water fluoridation in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 45(3), 161-178. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2015.1056193

Lawn, S., Delany, T., Pulvirenti, M., Smith, A., & McMillan, J. (2015). A qualitative study examining the presence and consequences of moral framings in patients' and mental health workers' experiences of community treatment orders. BMC Psychiatry, 15, 274. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0653-0

de Lacey, S. L., Peterson, K., & McMillan, J. (2015). Child interests in assisted reproductive technology: How is the welfare principle applied in practice? Human Reproduction, 30(3), 616-624. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deu343

McMillan, J. (2014). Making sense of child welfare when regulating human reproductive technologies. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 11(1), 47-55. doi: 10.1007/s11673-013-9495-y

Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (2014). Defending psychopathy: An argument from values and moral responsibility. Theoretical Medicine & Bioethics, 35(1), 7-16. doi: 10.1007/s11017-014-9277-5

McMillan, J., & Bowyer, L. (2014). An unfortunate experiment? The future of ethical review in New Zealand. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 23(3), 268-271. doi: 10.1017/S096318011300087X

Pulvirenti, M., McMillan, J., & Lawn, S. (2014). Empowerment, patient centred care and self-management. Health Expectations, 17(3), 303-310. doi: 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00757.x

McMillan, J. (2014). The kindest cut? Surgical castration, sex offenders and coercive offers. Journal of Medical Ethics, 40, 583-590. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2012-101030

Jiang, Y., Foster Page, L. A., McMillan, J., Lyons, K., Broadbent, J., & Morgaine, K. C. (2014). Is New Zealand water fluoridation justified? New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1406). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal/

McMillan, J., Walker, S., & Hope, T. (2014). Valuing hope. Monash Bioethics Review, 32(1-2), 33-42. doi: 10.1007/s40592-014-0006-7

Hope, T., Tan, J., Stewart, A., & McMillan, J. (2013). Agency, ambivalence and authenticity: The many ways in which anorexia nervosa can affect autonomy. International Journal of Law in Context, 9(1), 20-36. doi: 10.1017/S1744552312000456

McMillan, J., Hope, T., & Wilkinson, D. (2013). Precision and the rules of prioritization. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 22, 336-345. doi: 10.1017/S0963180113000182

Lawn, S., McMillan, J., Comley, Z., Smith, A., & Brayley, J. (2013). Mental health recovery and voting: Why being treated as a citizen matters and how we can do it. Journal of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12109

Hope, T., & McMillan, J. (2012). Physicians' duties and the non-identity problem. American Journal of Bioethics, 12(8), 21-29. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2012.692432

Hope, T., McMillan, J., & Hill, E. (2012). Intensive care triage: Priority should be independent of whether patients are already receiving intensive care. Bioethics, 26(5), 259-266. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8519.2010.01852.x

McMillan, J., & Gillett, G. (2011). A Husserlian account of mental distance and unconscious desire. Journal for Philosophy & Psychiatry, (April). Retrieved from http://www.jfpp.org/80+M544f671c0ee.html

Lawn, S., McMillan, J., & Pulvirenti, M. (2011). Chronic condition self-management: Expectations of responsibility. Patient Education & Counseling, 84(2), e5-e8. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2010.07.008

McMillan, J. (2010). Understanding and Jaspers: Naturalizing the phenomenology of psychiatry. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy, 6(1), 43-54.

McMillan, J. (2010). Human rights: The normative engine of fairness and research in developing countries. American Journal of Bioethics, 10(6), 47-49. doi: 10.1080/15265161003728811

McMillan, J., & Hope, T. (2010). Balancing principles, QALYs, and the straw men of resource allocation. American Journal of Bioethics, 10(4), 48-50. doi: 10.1080/15265161003632971

Schmidt, H., Mehring, S., & McMillan, J. (2010). Interpreting the Declaration of Helsinki (2008): "Must", "should" and different kinds of obligation. Medicine & Law, 29(4), 565-591.

Stones, M., & McMillan, J. (2010). Payment for participation in research: A pursuit for the poor? Journal of Medical Ethics, 36, 34-36. doi: 10.1136/jme.2009.030965

McMillan, J., Wright, B., Davidson, G., & Bennett, J. (2009). Criminal records and studying medicine: Should a spent conviction prevent entry to medical school? Student BMJ, 17, b935. doi: 10.1136/sbmj.b935

McMillan, J. (2007). The return of the inseminator: Eutelegenesis in past and contemporary reproductive ethics. Studies in History & Philosophy of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, 38, 393-410. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2007.03.006

McMillan, J., Sheehan, M., Austin, D., & Howell, J. (2006). Ethics and opportunity costs: Have NICE grasped the ethics of priority setting? Journal of Medical Ethics, 32, 127-128. doi: 10.1136/jme.2005.014860

Foster, C., Hope, T., & McMillan, J. (2006). Submissions from non-existent claimants: The non-identity problem and the law. Medicine & Law, 25(1), 159-173.

Tan, J. O. A., & McMillan, J. R. (2004). The discrepancy between the legal definition of capacity and the British Medical Association's guidelines. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30(5), 427-429. doi: 10.1136/jme.2003.003822

McMillan, J. R., & Conlon, C. (2004). The ethics of research related to health care in developing countries. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30, 204-206. doi: 10.1136/jme.2002.001263

Hope, T., & McMillan, J. (2004). Challenge studies of human volunteers: Ethical issues. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30(1), 110-116. doi: 10.1136/jme.2003.004440

McMillan, J. (2004). Is corporate money bad for bioethics? Studies in History & Philosophy of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, 35, 167-175. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2003.12.012

McMillan, J. (2002). Sex selection in the United Kingdom. Hastings Center Report, 32(1), 28-31. doi: 10.2307/3528294

McHaffie, H. E., Laing, I. A., Parker, M., & McMillan, J. (2001). Deciding for imperilled newborns: Medical authority or parental autonomy? Journal of Medical Ethics, 27(2), 104-109. doi: 10.1136/jme.27.2.104

Gauld, R. D. C., & McMillan, J. (1999). Ethics committees and qualitative health research in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 112(1089), 195-197.

McMillan, J. R., & Anderson, L. C. (1997). Knowledge and power in the clinical setting. Bioethics, 11(3-4), 265-270.

McMillan, J. R. (1997). Bioethics in an interdependant world. Otago Bioethics Report, 6(1), 1-2.

Gillett, G. R., & McMillan, J. R. (1996). Ethical issues raised by assisted human reproduction: an introduction. Otago Bioethics Report, 5(3), 3-4.

McMillan, J. R. (1996). A commentary on Moore's and Mulgan's open letter to National Ethics Committee on assisted human reproduction. Otago Bioethics Report, 5(3), 7-8.

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Journal - Research Other

Kerruish, N. J., McMillan, J., & Wheeler, B. J. (2017). The ethics of parental refusal of newborn vitamin K prophylaxis. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 53(1), 8-11. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13364

McMillan, J. (2016). What are clinical ethics advisory groups for? New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1441), 8-9. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Ballantyne, A., Gavaghan, C., McMillan, J., & Pullon, S. (2016). Pregnancy and the culture of extreme risk aversion. American Journal of Bioethics, 16(2), 21-23. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2015.1120801

McMillan, J. (2014). Surgical castration, coercive offers and coercive effects: It is still not about consent. Journal of Medical Ethics, 40(9), 596. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2013-101507

King, M., Gavaghan, C., & McMillan, J. (2014). Medical regulation of cognitive enhancement devices: Some concerns. Journal of Law & the Biosciences, 1(3), 334-339. doi: 10.1093/jlb/lsu020

McMillan, J. R. (2012). Psychiatric ethics and the methodological virtues of bioethics. Journal of Medical Ethics, 38(4), 194. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2012-100566

Hope, T., & McMillan, J. (2011). Advance decisions, chronic mental illness, and everyday care. Lancet, 377(9783), 2076-2077.

McMillan, J., & Coveney, J. (2010). What took you so long? Sociology's recent foray into food [Editorial]. Health Sociology Review, 19(3), 282-284.

McMillan, J., & Hope, T. (2010). Justice-based obligations in intensive care. Lancet, 375(9721), 1156-1157. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60503-X

McMillan, J. (2010). Coercive offers and research participation: A comment on Wertheimer and Miller [Commentary]. Journal of Medical Ethics, 36, 383-384. doi: 10.1136/jme.2010.035931

McMillan, J., & Sheehan, M. (2005). Ethical review and ethical behaviour [Commentary]. BMJ, 330(7489), 473.1. doi: 10.1136/bmj.330.7489.473

McMillan, J., & Gillett, G. (2005). Moral responsibility, consciousness and psychiatry. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 1018-1021. doi: 10.1080/j.1440-1614.2005.01720.x

McMillan, J. (2005). Doing what's best and best interests [Commentary]. BMJ, 330(7499), 1069.2. doi: 10.1136/bmj.330.7499.1069-a

McMillan, J. R. (2003). NICE, the draft fertility guideline and dodging the big question [Editorial]. Journal of Medical Ethics, 29(6), 313-314. doi: 10.1136/jme.29.6.313

McMillan, J. (2002). Ethics and clinical ethics committee education. HEC Forum, 14(1), 45-52. doi: 10.1023/A:1020921415184

Slowther, A., & McMillan, J. (2002). The development of healthcare (clinical) ethics committees in the U.K. [Editorial]. HEC Forum, 14(1), 1-3. doi: 10.1023/A:1020914010640

Slowther, A., Hill, D., & McMillan, J. (2002). Clinical ethics committees: Opportunity or threat? HEC Forum, 14(1), 4-12. doi: 10.1023/A:1020952813366

Fazel, S., & McMillan, J. (2001). A climate of secrecy undermines public trust [Commentary]. British Medical Journal, 322(7296), 1239-1240.

McMillan, J. (1998). [Review of the book Competence to consent]. Theoretical Medicine & Bioethics, 19(2), 161-166. doi: 10.1023/A:1009930710639

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