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Health Sciences profile

Dr Cristina Cleghorn

DepartmentDepartment of Public Health (UOW)
QualificationsBSc, MSc, PhD
Research summaryBurden of Disease

Research

Cristina is a Nutrition Researcher with a strong interest in disease prevention in both low and high income countries. She recently completed her PhD investigating the relationships between agrobiodiversity, dietary diversity and nutritional status in Tanzania. Prior to her PhD, Cristina had been working as a Research Fellow in the Nutritional Epidemiology Group at the University of Leeds on a number of obesity prevention and dietary improvement interventions in both children and adults.

As a research fellow in the Burden of Disease Epidemiology, Equity and Cost-Effectiveness Programme (BODE3), Cristina is currently working on the modelling of burden of disease, intervention effectiveness and cost-effectiveness with a focus on interventions which could reduce the use of tobacco and modify dietary intake in the New Zealand population.

Publications

Pearson, A. L., Cleghorn, C. L., van der Deen, F. S., Cobiac, L. J., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., Blakely, T., & Wilson, N. (2017). Tobacco retail outlet restrictions: Health and cost impacts from multistate life-table modelling in a national population. Tobacco Control, 26(5), 579-585. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052846

Waterlander, W. E., Ni Mhurchu, C., Eyles, H., Vandevijvere, S., Cleghorn, C., Scarborough, P., … Seidell, J. (2017). Food futures: Developing effective food systems interventions to improve public health nutrition. Agricultural Systems. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.agsy.2017.01.006

Evans, C. E. L., Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Gale, C. P., Cleghorn, C. L., & Burley, V. J. (2017). Glycemic index, glycemic load, and blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 105, 1176-1190. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.143685

Nghiem, N., Cleghorn, C. L., Leung, W., Nair, N., van der Deen, F. S., Blakely, T., & Wilson, N. (2017). A national quitline service and its promotion in the mass media: Modelling the health gain, health equity and cost-utility. Tobacco Control. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053660

van der Deen, F. S., Wilson, N., Cleghorn, C. L., Kvizhinadze, G., Cobiac, L. J., Nghiem, N., & Blakely, T. (2017). Impact of five tobacco endgame strategies on future smoking prevalence, population health and health system costs: Two modelling studies to inform the tobacco endgame. Tobacco Control. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053585

Journal - Research Article

Pearson, A. L., Cleghorn, C. L., van der Deen, F. S., Cobiac, L. J., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., Blakely, T., & Wilson, N. (2017). Tobacco retail outlet restrictions: Health and cost impacts from multistate life-table modelling in a national population. Tobacco Control, 26(5), 579-585. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052846

van der Deen, F. S., Wilson, N., Cleghorn, C. L., Kvizhinadze, G., Cobiac, L. J., Nghiem, N., & Blakely, T. (2017). Impact of five tobacco endgame strategies on future smoking prevalence, population health and health system costs: Two modelling studies to inform the tobacco endgame. Tobacco Control. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053585

Nghiem, N., Cleghorn, C. L., Leung, W., Nair, N., van der Deen, F. S., Blakely, T., & Wilson, N. (2017). A national quitline service and its promotion in the mass media: Modelling the health gain, health equity and cost-utility. Tobacco Control. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053660

Evans, C. E. L., Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Gale, C. P., Cleghorn, C. L., & Burley, V. J. (2017). Glycemic index, glycemic load, and blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 105, 1176-1190. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.143685

Waterlander, W. E., Ni Mhurchu, C., Eyles, H., Vandevijvere, S., Cleghorn, C., Scarborough, P., … Seidell, J. (2017). Food futures: Developing effective food systems interventions to improve public health nutrition. Agricultural Systems. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.agsy.2017.01.006

Wilson, N., Nghiem, N., Ryan, S., Cleghorn, C., Nair, N., & Blakely, T. (2016). Desiging low-cost "heart healthy bread": Optimization using linear programming and 15-country comparison. BMC Nutrition, 2, 23. doi: 10.1186/s40795-016-0062-x

Wilson, N., Nghiem, N., Eyles, H., Ni Mhurchu, C., Shields, E., Cobiac, L. J., Cleghorn, C. L., & Blakely, T. (2016). Modeling health gains and cost savings for ten dietary salt reduction targets. Nutrition Journal, 15, 44. doi: 10.1186/s12937-016-0161-1

Cleghorn, C. L., Harrison, R. A., Ransley, J. K., Wilkinson, S., Thomas, J., & Cade, J. E. (2016). Can a dietary quality score derived from a short-form FFQ assess dietary quality in UK adult population surveys? Public Health Nutrition, 19(16), 2915-2923. doi: 10.1017/S1368980016001099

Nghiem, N., Blakely, T., Cobiac, L. J., Cleghorn, C. L., & Wilson, N. (2016). The health gains and cost savings of dietary salt reduction interventions, with equity and age distributional aspects. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 423. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3102-1

Evans, C. E. L., Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C. E., … Burley, V. J. (2015). Effects of dietary fibre type on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of healthy individuals. Journal of Hypertension, 33(5), 897-911. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000000515

Blakely, T., Cobiac, L. J., Cleghorn, C. L., Pearson, A. L., van der Deen, F. S., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., McLeod, M., & Wilson, N. (2015). Health, health inequality, and cost impacts of annual increases in tobacco tax: Multistate life table modeling in New Zealand. PLoS Medicine, 12(7), e1001856. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001856

Goodall, M., Barton, G. R., Bower, P., Byrne, P., Cade, J. E., Capewell, S., Cleghorn, C. L., … Gabbay, M. B. (2014). Food for thought: Pilot randomized controlled trial of lay health trainers supporting dietary change to reduce cardiovascular disease in deprived communities. Journal of Public Health, 36(4), 635-643. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdt112

Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., & Burley, V. J. (2014). Association between sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and type 2 diabetes: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. British Journal of Nutrition, 112(5), 725-734. doi: 10.1017/S0007114514001329

Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., & Burley, V. J. (2013). Glycemic index, glycemic load, carbohydrates, and type 2 diabetes: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Diabetes Care, 36(12), 4166-4171. doi: 10.2337/dc13-0325

Threapleton, D. E., Greenwood, D. C., Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., … Burley, V. J. (2013). Dietary fiber intake and risk of first stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Stroke, 44(5), 1360-1368. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.000151

Threapleton, D. E., Greenwood, D. C., Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., … Burley, V. J. (2013). Dietary fibre intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: Systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ, 347, f6879. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f6879

Hutchinson, J., Lentjes, M. A. H., Greenwood, D. C., Burley, V. J., Cleghorn, C. L., Threapleton, D. E., … Khaw, K. T. (2012). Vitamin C intake from diary recordings and risk of breast cancer in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 66(5), 561-568. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2011.197

Evans, C. E. L., Christian, M. S., Cleghorn, C. L., Greenwood, D. C., & Cade, J. E. (2012). Systematic review and meta-analysis of school-based interventions to improve daily fruit and vegetable intake in children aged 5 to 12 y. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96(4), 889-901. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.030270

Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Greenwood, D. C., & Cade, J. E. (2010). A comparison of British school meals and packed lunches from 1990 to 2007: Meta-analysis by lunch type. British Journal of Nutrition, 104(4), 474-487. doi: 10.1017/S0007114510001601

Evans, C. E. L., Greenwood, D. C., Thomas, J. D., Cleghorn, C. L., Kitchen, M. S., & Cade, J. E. (2010). SMART lunch box intervention to improve the food and nutrient content of children's packed lunches: UK wide cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 64(11), 970-976. doi: 10.1136/jech.2008.085837

Cleghorn, C. L., Evans, C. E. L., Kitchen, M. S., & Cade, J. E. (2010). Details and acceptability of a nutrition intervention programme designed to improve the contents of childrens packed lunches. Public Health Nutrition, 13(8), 1254-1261. doi: 10.1017/S1368980009991509

Cleghorn, C. L., Skeaff, C. M., Mann, J., & Chisholm, A. (2003). Plant sterol-enriched spread enhances the cholesterol-lowering potential of a fat-reduced diet. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57, 170-176. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601531

Heath, A.-L. M., Tuttle, C. R., Simons, M. S. L., Cleghorn, C. L., & Parnell, W. R. (2002). A longitudinal study of breastfeeding and weaning practices during the first year of life in Dunedin, New Zealand. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 102(7), 937-943. doi: 10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90214-2

Heath, A.-L. M., Tuttle, C. R., Simons, M. S. L., Cleghorn, C. L., & Parnell, W. R. (2002). Longitudinal study of diet and iron deficiency anaemia in infants during the first two years of life. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 11(4), 251-257. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-6047.2002.00313.x

Heath, A.-L. M., Tuttle, C. R., Cleghorn, C. L., & Parnell, W. R. (2000). A survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices associated with infant feeding in a New Zealand Maori population. Journal of the New Zealand Dietetic Association, 54(2), 94-98.

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Journal - Research Other

Cleghorn, C., & Wilson, N. (2016). The benefits of constraining processed meat and red meat consumption in New Zealand: A public health perspective. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1445), 115-121. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Waterlander, W. E., Blakely, T., Nghiem, N., Cleghorn, C. L., Eyles, H., Genc, M., Wilson, N., … Ni Mhurchu, C. (2016). Study protocol: Combining experimental methods, econometrics and simulation modelling to determine price elasticities for studying food taxes and subsidies (The Price ExaM Study). BMC Public Health, 16, 601. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3277-5

Patel, R., Sulzberger, L., Li, G., Mair, J., Morley, H., Ng-Wai Shing, M., O'Leary, C., Prakash, A., Robilliard, N., Rutherford, M., Sharpe, C., Shie, C., Sritharan, L., Turnbull, J., Whyte, I., Yu, H., Cleghorn, C., Leung, W., & Wilson, N. (2015). Smartphone apps for weight loss and smoking cessation: Quality ranking of 120 apps. New Zealand Medical Journal, 128(1421). Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Wilson, N., Nghiem, N., Eyles, H., Ni Mhurchu, C., Cobiac, L. J., Pearson, A. L., Cleghorn, C., & Blakely, T. (2014). Possible impact of the Tick Programme in New Zealand on selected nutrient intakes: Tentative estimates and methodological complexities. New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1399). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

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