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Health Sciences profile

Associate Professor Barbara Galland

PositionResearch Associate Professor
DepartmentDepartment of Women's and Children's Health (DSM)
QualificationsPhD BSc(Hons) NZCS
Research summarySleep and breathing disorders
Teaching

NEUR455 Sleep

Research

  • Sleep related breathing disorders
  • Autonomic nervous system function
  • Sudden infant death syndrome
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
Sleep Related Breathing Disorders

I am principal investigator on a research programme that investigates the impact of sleep disorders in children and adolescents on daytime functioning.We measure sleep and breathing, cognitive development, and learning through clinic-based studies focusing on specific problems (currently, obesity) as well as community-based studies focusing on early childhood development. Our first publication from this research was one of a handful of intervention studies suggesting a causal relationship between sleep disordered breathing and problematic behaviour and attention deficits in children. Important new findings are beginning to emerge from our developmental study demonstrating these associations in very young children (age 3) with a focus on learning, memory and early literacy and numeracy. Ongoing work in obesity aims to elucidate the connection between child/adolescent sleep and obesity. A sleep hygiene programme has been developed in consultation with youth and preliminary results on children aged 10-18 years with problematic sleep are encouraging.

Publications

McDowall, P. S., Galland, B. C., Campbell, A. J., & Elder, D. E. (2017). Parent knowledge of children’s sleep: A systematic review. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 31, 39-47. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2016.01.002

Galland, B. C., Sayers, R. M., Cameron, S. L., Gray, A. R., Heath, A.-L. M., Lawrence, J. A., Newlands, A., Taylor, B. J., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Anticipatory guidance to prevent infant sleep problems within a randomised controlled trial: Infant, maternal and partner outcomes at 6 months of age. BMJ Open, 7(5), e014908. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014908

Taylor, R. W., Iosua, E., Heath, A.-L. M., Gray, A. R., Taylor, B. J., Lawrence, J. A., Hanna, M., Cameron, S. L., Sayers, R., & Galland, B. (2017). Eating frequency in relation to BMI in very young children: A longitudinal analysis. Public Health Nutrition, 20(8), 1372-1379. doi: 10.1017/S1368980017000143

Taylor, B. J., Gray, A. R., Galland, B. C., Heath, A.-L. M., Lawrence, J., Sayers, R. M., Cameron, S., Hanna, M., Dale, K., Coppell, K., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Targeting sleep, food, and activity in infants for obesity prevention: An RCT. Pediatrics, 139(3), e20162037. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-2037

Galland, B. C., Gray, A. R., Penno, J., Smith, C., Lobb, C., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Gender differences in sleep hygiene practices and sleep quality in New Zealand adolescents aged 15 to 17 years. Sleep Health, 3(2), 77-83. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2017.02.001

Journal - Research Article

McDowall, P. S., Galland, B. C., Campbell, A. J., & Elder, D. E. (2017). Parent knowledge of children’s sleep: A systematic review. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 31, 39-47. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2016.01.002

Galland, B. C., Gray, A. R., Penno, J., Smith, C., Lobb, C., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Gender differences in sleep hygiene practices and sleep quality in New Zealand adolescents aged 15 to 17 years. Sleep Health, 3(2), 77-83. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2017.02.001

Taylor, B. J., Gray, A. R., Galland, B. C., Heath, A.-L. M., Lawrence, J., Sayers, R. M., Cameron, S., Hanna, M., Dale, K., Coppell, K., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Targeting sleep, food, and activity in infants for obesity prevention: An RCT. Pediatrics, 139(3), e20162037. doi: 10.1542/peds.2016-2037

Taylor, R. W., Iosua, E., Heath, A.-L. M., Gray, A. R., Taylor, B. J., Lawrence, J. A., Hanna, M., Cameron, S. L., Sayers, R., & Galland, B. (2017). Eating frequency in relation to BMI in very young children: A longitudinal analysis. Public Health Nutrition, 20(8), 1372-1379. doi: 10.1017/S1368980017000143

Galland, B. C., Sayers, R. M., Cameron, S. L., Gray, A. R., Heath, A.-L. M., Lawrence, J. A., Newlands, A., Taylor, B. J., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Anticipatory guidance to prevent infant sleep problems within a randomised controlled trial: Infant, maternal and partner outcomes at 6 months of age. BMJ Open, 7(5), e014908. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014908

Smith, L., Galland, B., & Lawrence, J. (2017). A qualitative study of how pre-schoolers' problematic sleep impacts mothers. Behavioral Sleep Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2017.1357118

Taylor, R. W., Heath, A.-L. M., Galland, B. C., Cameron, S. L., Lawrence, J. A., Gray, A. R., Tannock, G. W., Lawley, B., Healey, D., Sayers, R. M., Hanna, M., Meredith-Jones, K., Hatch, B., & Taylor, B. J. (2016). Three-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial to reduce excessive weight gain in the first two years of life: Protocol for the POI follow-up study. BMC Public Health, 16, 771. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3383-4

Smith, L. A., Dawes, P. J., & Galland, B. C. (2016). The use of pulse transit time in paediatric sleep studies: A systematic review. Sleep Medicine Reviews. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2016.11.006

Meredith-Jones, K., Williams, S., Galland, B., Kennedy, G., & Taylor, R. (2016). 24 h Accelerometry: Impact of sleep-screening methods on estimates of sedentary behaviour and physical activity while awake. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(7), 679-685. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1068438

Galland, B., Meredith-Jones, K., Gray, A., Sayers, R., Lawrence, J., Taylor, B., & Taylor, R. (2016). Criteria for nap identification in infants and young children using 24-hour actigraphy and agreement with parental diary. Sleep Medicine, 19, 85-92. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.10.013

Moir, C., Meredith-Jones, K., Taylor, B. J., Gray, A., Heath, A.-L. M., Dale, K., Galland, B., Lawrence, J., Sayers, R. M., & Taylor, R. W. (2016). Early intervention to encourage physical activity in infants and toddlers: A randomized controlled trial. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 48(12), 2446-2453. doi: 10.1249/mss.0000000000001055

Luo, R., Schaughency, E., Gill, A. I., Dawes, P. J. D., & Galland, B. C. (2015). Natural history of snoring and other sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms in 7-year-old New Zealand children: A follow-up from age 3. Sleep & Breathing, 19(3), 977-985. doi: 10.1007/s11325-014-1113-7

Cameron, S. L., Heath, A.-L. M., Gray, A. R., Churcher, B., Davies, R. S., Newlands, A., Galland, B. C., Sayers, R. M., Lawrence, J. A., Taylor, B. J., & Taylor, R. W. (2015). Lactation consultant support from late pregnancy with an educational intervention at 4 months of age delays the introduction of complementary foods in a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Nutrition, 145(7), 1481-1490. doi: 10.3945/jn.114.202689

Fangupo, L. J., Heath, A.-L. M., Williams, S. M., Somerville, M. R., Lawrence, J. A., Gray, A. R., Taylor, B. J., Mills, V. C., Watson, E. O., Galland, B. C., Sayers, R. M., Hanna, M. B., & Taylor, R. W. (2015). Impact of an early-life intervention on the nutrition behaviors of 2-y-old children: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 102(3), 704-712. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.111823

Galland, B., Spruyt, K., Dawes, P., McDowall, P. S., Elder, D., & Schaughency, E. (2015). Sleep disordered breathing and academic performance: A meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 136(4), e934-e946. doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-1677

Tan, E., Healey, D., Schaughency, E., Dawes, P., & Galland, B. (2014). Neurobehavioural correlates in older children and adolescents with obesity and obstructive sleep apnoea. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 50(1), 16-23. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12390

Galland, B., Meredith-Jones, K., Terrill, P., & Taylor, R. (2014). Challenges and emerging technologies within the field of pediatric actigraphy. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 5, 99. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00099

Galland, B. C., & Elder, D. E. (2014). Sudden unexpected death in infancy: Biological mechanisms. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 15(4), 287-292. doi: 10.1016/j.prrv.2014.09.003

Galland, B. C., Gray, A., Sayers, R. M., Heath, A.-L. M., Lawrence, J., Taylor, R., & Taylor, B. J. (2014). Safe sleep practices in a New Zealand community and development of a Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI) risk assessment instrument. BMC Pediatrics, 14(1), 263. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-14-263

Galland, B. C., Mitchell, E. A., Thompson, J. M. D., Wouldes, T., and the NZ IDEAL Study Group. (2013). Auditory evoked arousal responses of 3-month-old infants exposed to methamphetamine in utero: A nap study. Acta Paediatrica, 102(4), 424-430. doi: 10.1111/apa.12136

Gill, A. I., Schaughency, E., Gray, A., & Galland, B. C. (2013). Reliability of home-based physiological sleep measurements in snoring and non-snoring 3-year olds. Sleep & Breathing, 17(1), 147-156. doi: 10.1007/s11325-012-0663-9

Bradley, J., Galland, B. C., Bakker, J. P., Tan, E., Gray, A., Taylor, B. J., & Dawes, P. J. D. (2012). Pulse transit time and assessment of childhood sleep disordered breathing. Archives of Otolaryngology, 138(4), 398-403. doi: 10.1001/archoto.2012.86

Galland, B. C., Kennedy, G. J., Mitchell, E. A., & Taylor, B. J. (2012). Algorithms for using an activity-based accelerometer for identification of infant sleep-wake states during nap studies. Sleep Medicine, 13, 743-751. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2012.01.018

Galland, B. C., Elder, D. E., & Taylor, B. J. (2012). Interventions with a sleep outcome for children with cerebral palsy or a post-traumatic brain injury: A systematic review. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 16(6), 561-573. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2012.01.007

Baddock, S. A., Galland, B. C., Bolton, D. P. G., Williams, S. M., & Taylor, B. J. (2012). Hypoxic and hypercapnic events in young infants during bed-sharing. Pediatrics, 130(2), 237-244. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-3390

Gill, A. I., Schaughency, E., & Galland, B. C. (2012). Prevalence and factors associated with snoring in 3-year olds: Early links with behavioral adjustment. Sleep Medicine, 13(9), 1191-1197. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2012.05.007

Tan, E., Healey, D., Gray, A. R., & Galland, B. C. (2012). Sleep hygiene intervention for youth aged 10 to 18 years with problematic sleep: A before-after pilot study. BMC Pediatrics, 12, 189. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-12-189

Galland, B. C., Taylor, B. J., Elder, D. E., & Herbison, P. (2012). Normal sleep patterns in infants and children: A systematic review of observational studies. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 16(3), 213-222. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2011.06.001

Taylor, B. J., Heath, A.-L. M., Galland, B. C., Gray, A. R., Lawrence, J. A., Sayers, R. M., Dale, K., Coppell, K. J., & Taylor, R. W. (2011). Prevention of overweight in infancy (POI.nz) study: A randomised controlled trial of sleep, food and activity interventions for preventing overweight from birth. BMC Public Health, 11, 942. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-942

Galland, B. C., Tripp, E. G., Gray, A., & Taylor, B. J. (2011). Apnea-hypopnea indices and snoring in children diagnosed with ADHD: A matched case-control study. Sleep & Breathing, 15, 455-462. doi: 10.1007/s11325-010-0357-0

Galland, B. C., Tripp, E. G., & Taylor, B. J. (2010). The sleep of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on and off methylphenidate: A matched case-control study. Journal of Sleep Research, 19, 366-373. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00795.x

Galland, B. C., & Mitchell, E. A. (2010). Helping children sleep. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(10), 850-853. doi: 10.1136/adc.2010.162974

Galland, B. C., Jackson, P. M., Sayers, R. M., & Taylor, B. J. (2008). A matched case control study of orthostatic intolerance in children/adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome. Pediatric Research, 63(2), 196-202.

Baddock, S. A., Galland, B. C., Taylor, B. J., & Bolton, D. P. G. (2007). Sleep arrangements and behavior of bed-sharing families in the home setting. Pediatrics, 119, 200-207.

Galland, B. C., Tan, E., & Taylor, B. J. (2007). Pulse transit time and blood pressure changes following auditory-evoked subcortical arousal and waking of infants. Sleep, 30(7), 891-897.

Galland, B. C., Dawes, P. J., Tripp, E. G., & Taylor, B. J. (2006). Changes in behavior and attentional capacity after adenotonsillectomy. Pediatric Research, 59(5), 711-716.

Galland, B. C., Taylor, B. J., Bolton, D. P. G., & Sayers, R. M. (2006). Heart rate variability and cardiac reflexes in small for gestational age infants. Journal of Applied Physiology, 100, 933-939.

Baddock, S. A., Galland, B. C., Bolton, D. P. G., Williams, S. M., & Taylor, B. J. (2006). Differences in infant and parent behaviors during routine bed sharing compared with cot sleeping in the home setting. Pediatrics, 117(5), 1599-1607.

Townshend, J., Taylor, B. J., Galland, B., & Williams, S. (2006). Comparison of new generation motion-resistant pulse oximeters. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 42, 359-365.

Voss, L. J., Bolton, D. P. G., Galland, B. C., & Taylor, B. J. (2005). Effects of prior hypoxia exposure, endotoxin and sleep state on arousal ability to airway obstruction in piglets: Implications for sudden infant death syndrome. Biology of the Neonate, 88, 145-155.

Baddock, S. A., Galland, B. C., Beckers, M. G. S., Taylor, B. J., & Bolton, D. P. G. (2004). Bed-sharing and the infant's thermal environment in the home setting. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 89, 1111-1116.

Voss, L. J., Bolton, D. P. G., Galland, B. C., & Taylor, B. J. (2004). Endotoxin effects on markers of autonomic nervous system function in the piglet: Implications for SIDS. Biology of the Neonate, 86, 39-47.

Galland, B. C., Taylor, B. J., Bolton, D. P., & Sayers, R. (2003). Respiratory responses to hypoxia/hypercapnia in small for gestational age infants influenced by maternal smoking. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 88, F217-F222.

Galland, B. C., Taylor, B. J., & Bolton, D. P. (2002). The prone vs supine sleep position: A review of the physiological studies in SIDS research. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 38(38), 332-338.

Hayman, R. M., Taylor, B. J., Peart, N. S., Galland, B. C., & Sayers, R. M. (2001). Participation in research: Informed consent, motivation and influence. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 37(1), 51-54.

Campbell, A. J., Galland, B. C., Bolton, D. P., Taylor, B. J., Sayers, R. M., & Williams, S. M. (2001). Ventilatory responses to rebreathing in infants exposed to maternal smoking. Acta Paediatrica, 90, 793-800.

Galland, B. C., Bolton, D. P., Taylor, B. J., Sayers, R., & Williams, S. M. (2000). Ventilatory sensitivity to mild asphyxia: Prone versus supine sleep position. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 83, 423-428.

Galland, B. C., Hayman, R. M., Taylor, B. J., Bolton, D. P., Sayers, R., & Williams, S. M. (2000). Factors affecting heart rate variability and heart rate responses to tilting in infants aged 1 and 3 months. Pediatric Research, 48(3), 360-368.

Voss, L., Galland, B. C., Bolton, D. P., & Taylor, B. J. (2000). The effect of cold stimulation to the face on the metabolic rate of the febrile piglet. Biology of the Neonate, 77, 174-180.

Galland, B. C., Taylor, B. J., Bolton, D. P. G., & Sayers, R. M. (2000). Vasoconstriction following spontaneous sighs and head-up tilts in infants sleeping prone and supine. Early Human Development, 58, 119-132.

Galland, B. C., Taylor, B. J., & Bolton, D. P. (1999). Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS): Research and Prevention. Childrenz Issues, 3(2), 23-28.

Galland, B. C., Reeves, G., Taylor, B. J., & Bolton, D. P. (1998). Sleep position, autonomic function, and arousal. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 78, F189-F194.

Galland, B. C., Taylor, B. J., Bolton, D. P., Elder, D. E., & Dempster, A. G. (1997). Experimental pathophysiological data from the piglet sleeping under bedclothes: findings compared to SIDS and to heat stroke. Journal of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome & Infant Mortality, 2(1), 29-45.

Galland, B. C., Wehner, N. S., Bolton, D. P., & Taylor, B. J. (1996). Arousal responses of the newborn piglet to airways obstruction and rebreathing during normothermia and hyperthermia. Reproduction, Fertility & Development, 8, 365-371.

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Journal - Research Other

Idris, G., Galland, B., Robertson, C. J., & Farella, M. (2016). Efficacy of a mandibular advancement appliance on sleep disordered breathing in children: A study protocol of a crossover randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Physiology, 7, 353. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2016.00353

Blunden, S., & Galland, B. (2014). The complexities of defining optimal sleep: Empirical and theoretical considerations with a special emphasis on children. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 18, 371-378. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2014.01.002

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