General University Information
Why should I come to Otago?
The Department of History and Art History at the University of Otago has an outstanding reputation for research both nationally and internationally. In the two recent Performance Based Research Funding (PBRF) exercises the Department was ranked first in New Zealand for such combined units. The research culture is well established with over 70 PhDs and 200 MAs being awarded in History and Art History over the last 50 years.
The Department can provide expert supervision across a wide range of themes, time periods, and locations for postgraduate students in History, Art History and Theory and Visual Culture.
History supervision themes
- New Zealand history
- Māori history
- Histories of gender and sexuality
- Environmental history
- Race, religion and science
- Migration and ethnicity
- Intellectual history
- Scottish and Irish history
- Asian history
- Medieval history
- Pacific, US, Italian, and Russian history
Art History and Theory themes
- Modern and contemporary art
- Medieval art
- Gender issues in art
- Art theory and criticism
- Histories of photography and sculpture
Visual Culture themes
- Gender and visual culture
- Film and history
- Cinema genres
- New Zealand cinema
- French cinema
- The woman’s film
Prospective students should familiarise themselves with the expertise of the relevant staff members as they formulate their topic and frame their proposal.
Because of the strength and range of its cultural institutions, Dunedin is an excellent location for undertaking postgraduate research. A number of key repositories are on our doorstep.
- The Hocken Collections
- Archives New Zealand
- Toitu: the Otago Settler's Museum
- Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand Archives
- Dunedin City Council Archives.
- The Dunedin Public Library has the McNab Collection specialising in New Zealand material and the Reed Collection specialising in medieval manuscripts and early printed books.
- The Dunedin Public Art Gallery is a rich resource for art historians, as are the hosts of galleries and art spaces within the city.
In addition, the web and central library resources make it possible to study areas beyond New Zealand including: medieval and modern European history; Australian and Pacific history; Imperial British history; and some American and Asian history. Grants are available to assist students to travel for research and to attend academic conferences.
Postgraduate research culture
The Department is committed to fostering an energetic postgraduate community.
Students attend our regular research seminars that feature a range of local and international speakers and frequently participate in the symposia and conferences hosted by the Department.
The Department also runs a dedicated postgraduate workshop that meets on a monthly basis that allows students to work on developing key skills and to share their writing.
Financial grants are available from the Department to assist students undertaking archival research and from the Division of Humanities to enable students to attend conferences.
The Department provides Internet access and study space for all postgraduate students.
Staff and students also socialise regularly, including a weekly departmental afternoon tea.
The University of Otago offers a number of postgraduate scholarships.
History postgraduate scholarships
There are several university scholarship specifically targeted to history postgraduates, including:
Choosing a research area
In choosing a topic, students should keep in mind the research interests and expertise of the staff in the Department. Wherever possible the Department tries to accommodate student interests, so long as these are consistent with available staff expertise.
Students should also bear in mind the location of major source materials for a proposed thesis. The Hocken Collections provides Otago students with an excellent range of New Zealand and Pacific sources but it does not cover all areas. Some source material may be located outside Dunedin.
Finally, students should define a topic which can be completed realistically within the time appropriate for the chosen degree. Students often conceive of a topic which is too broad in scope and needs to be whittled down. This should be done in close consultation with the supervisor.
Initially, students’ ideas for a topic should be discussed informally with any staff member competent to advise, but ultimately they must be written in the form of a proposal and submitted to the Postgraduate Studies Committee. Based on this proposal, the Postgraduate Studies Committee will suggest appropriate supervisors. One will be your primary supervisor who is a specialist in the field of your research. A secondary supervisor will usually be from a complementary area, although not necessarily a specialist in the field. Their expertise may instead be thematic, methodological, geographic, or temporal. The default division of labour for the supervisors is a 70%-30% split. This split recognises that one supervisor has direct responsibility for supervision of your thesis.
Students may have supervisors in mind from the start, but must be aware that in the interest of workload and leave plans that final matching is undertaken by the Department with the mutual consent of both the supervisors and the student.
In considering accepting a student, a potential supervisor assesses the following:
- Student’s background and level of performance.
- Student’s motivation.
- Appropriateness of the topic.
- Available resources for the topic.
- Level of commitment the supervisor can make, eg: Do leave plans interfere? What are the supervisor’s existing supervisory commitments?
In considering accepting a particular supervisor, a student should:
- Seek information from other research students and the proposed supervisor about the expectations of the supervisor and support given.
- Ask the proposed supervisor about financial and other resources required and about anything which might affect continuity of supervision until completion of the project.
- Discuss the relationship between the student’s and the supervisor’s research interests in order to assess if the topic is appropriate to the supervisor’s areas of research.
A list of Departmental staff and their research interests is available on the Departmental website.
Which Degree shall I do?
The Department is frequently asked what distinguishes the PhD from the MA. The simple answer is that a PhD is a much longer and more demanding exercise, usually taking three years of full time study to complete. A PhD topic is larger in conception and is expected to make an original contribution to scholarship.
An MA, which is expected to be completed in one year of full time study, is a more limited exercise and does not require the same degree of originality.
If in doubt contact the Chair of the Postgraduate Studies Committee or discuss the matter with a staff member of the Department.
New Coursework Master of Arts programme for Humanities students
From 2018 the University of Otago is offering a new pathway within the Master of Arts, a 180-point coursework option.
The Coursework Master of Arts (Coursework MA) programme is designed to provide a multi-disciplinary grounding for Humanities students in a range of subjects as preparation for further study or future employment. The programme will take either 12 months or three semesters of full-time study to complete. The programme can also be studied part-time.
Find out more about the new Coursework Master of Arts programme.
An MA student should have graduated with a four-year Arts degree with History, Art History or Visual Culture as a major, and have achieved at least a B average (or equivalent) overall for their degree. Otago students will normally have completed either the Honours course or the Post Graduate Diploma in Arts with a B average or better and at least a B+ for their long research essay. Students who have taken their first degree outside New Zealand will have their cases scrutinised individually by the departmental Postgraduate Studies Committee. Acceptance as a candidate for the degree depends upon the University being able to provide adequate expert supervision in the intended area of research.
A prospective PhD student should have graduated with a four-year Arts degree, earning at least an upper second class of honours, or Masters of Arts degree. Otago students will normally have completed either the Honours course or the Post Graduate Diploma in Arts. All candidates are provisional for the first year. Depending on progress, confirmation is possible thereafter. Students who have been provisionally enrolled for the PhD, but who do not give satisfactory evidence of research and writing ability will be required to re-enrol for an MA if they wish to continue.
The abilities needed to complete a PhD successfully do not always depend on good results at the undergraduate level. The Postgraduate Studies Committee will also need to be convinced that the student has the time available for the greater commitment, the necessary financial support, and the all-important qualities of diligence, persistence and endurance.
The Department normally requires a PhD candidate in History to possess a demonstrated reading knowledge of a language other than English. Normally this means a minimum of a first-year university pass in the specific language. For most students this will be Māori, a language which is necessary for many students researching a New Zealand topic.
There are three reasons for learning Māori:
- Many students will be working on subjects in which a knowledge of Māori is a distinct benefit.
- Students will normally be intending to use their degrees as a career qualification and for many of them the career will involve teaching or research in New Zealand topics. Regardless of the thesis subject, a knowledge of Māori is highly advantageous for any teacher of New Zealand art history or history. Those who proceed to a career other than teaching (for example, government service) will also find a knowledge of Māori a considerable advantage.
- If Otago degrees are to retain parity with overseas PhDs, a reading knowledge of at least one language other than English is essential.
Where the students are working on a subject other than a New Zealand one, they will be urged to qualify in the language other than English which most closely relates to their topic.
Other prerequisites may also be required, depending on the topic which has been selected. A topic in economic history, for example, may require papers in economics and statistics. These prerequisite requirements should be considered by students in their undergraduate careers. If the student has not taken a prerequisite paper as a part of their undergraduate degree it must be taken during the first year of enrolment as an MA student or a provisional PhD.
Prospective MA and PhD students should contact a potential supervisor in the Department and develop a detailed proposal which should be submitted to the Postgraduate Studies Committee. The proposal should be double spaced in Times New Roman, 12 point, and comprise 2-4 pages in length for a MA, and 6-8 pages in length for a PhD. Given the multi and interdisciplinary nature of the department, the proposal should demonstrate disciplinary understanding but also be written in broadly intelligible and accessible language. It must include:
- Working title.
- Outline of project including research questions (why is it important?).
- Understanding of the literature relating to the topic (e.g. historiography. What does the extant work reveal? How will your research be new?).
- Possible sources (including any ethical and/or access issues).
- Possible methodology (how will you analyse your sources?).
- Mention of Departmental staff consultation.
An up-to-date academic curriculum vitae, including the student’s academic record and a list of 3-4 referees (including relationship and contact emails) should accompany the proposal, along with a one paragraph summary of your topic. PhD students should also provide a resources and proposed research costing outline which they may require during their course of study using the template found here.
The proposal will be considered by the Postgraduate Studies Committee. This Committee comprises specialists in History, Art History and/or Visual Culture. They will critically assess the proposal and provide relevant feedback if required. They will also assign a primary and secondary supervisor. Once your proposal has been approved by the Postgraduate Studies Committee, you can apply formally apply to the University at:
Information about University fees can be found at:
Professor Judy Bennett is Chair of the Department Postgraduate Studies Committee and may be contacted concerning MA and PhD research degrees.