A collection of various and specialised search engines, subject specific directories and other web-searching information.
Search the web booklets and guides
- Google Searching (501K in PDF format)
- Google Scholar: tips and tricks (843K in PDF format)
- How to evaluate websites (213K in PDF format)
- Why not Wikipedia? (367K in PDF format)
- Ask.com - offers multiple specialised search tools.
- Exalead - offers some unique features and options for limits.
- Factbites - different presentation of results - 3 relevant sentences are shown from each site in your search results list.
- Gigablast - offers options to narrow your search.
- Live Search - Microsoft Web search engine, also known as Live.com.
- Microsoft Academic Search - Find information about academic papers, authors, conferences, journals, and organizations from multiple sources.
- Yahoo! - separate search interface to the Yahoo! subject directory.
Meta search engines
Meta search engines transmit your search simultaneously to several individual search engines.
- Dogpile - searches Google, Yahoo, Ask Jeeves, About, LookSmart, Teoma, Overture, FindWhat.
- Mamma.com - extensive web search on latest news and updates, images, videos and twitter.
- Metacrawler - searches Google, Yahoo, Ask Jeeves, About, LookSmart, Teoma, Overture, FindWhat and more.
- Pandia Search - includes Yahoo, AltaVista, the Open Directory, AlltheWeb and more.
- Yippy - searches several search engines, combining similar results together into clusters.
Specialist search engines
Some search engines have a specific focus.
- Anzwers - Australian & New Zealand emphasis
- Artcyclopedia - Fine arts search engine. Comprehensive and effective guide to fine art on the Internet with an excellent links page
- DigitalNZ - a search engine that brings together NZ digital content from a range of content providers
- Picsearch - search engine for pictures and images
- Scitopia - over 3 million documents, plus patents and government data
- Wayback Machine - Internet Archive - locates archived versions of stored websites.
Academic and professional directories
Directories are sets of web pages grouped by subject and listed in an organised way.
- Academic Info - focus on academic sites.
- Biz/Ed - business education on the Internet - business and economics related subjects for students and educators.
- INFOMINE - (Scholarly Internet Resource Collections) 120,000+ scholarly resources arranged over a broad range of subjects.
- intute - provides access to high quality internet resources, chosen and evaluated by subject specialists from a network of UK universities.
- Te Puna Web Directory (NZ and Pacific) -a directory to New Zealand & Pacific Island web sites.
- Virtual Reference Shelf - selected web resources compiled by the Library of Congress.
General and commercial directories
- About.com - educational subject directory with an academic focus covering thousands of topics, including Invisible Web.
- Refdesk - an index to current quality Internet reference sources and sites.
- PIPERS New Zealand pages - an index to several thousand NZ sites organised by subject categories.
- Search Engine Watch - search tips and information, and analysis and comparisons of search engines. Latest developments in search engines.
- Search engine showdown - compares and evaluates search engines from the searcher's perspective.
Invisible web gateways
- Complete Planet - 70,000+ searchable databases and specialty search engines.