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Professor Stephen Wing

Contact Detailssrwing

Office: 310 Castle Street, room 152
Tel: 64 3 479 9038
Cell: 021 279 9038
Email: steve.wing@otago.ac.nz

Academic Qualifications

PhD (Davis)

Research Interests

I am an empirical marine ecologist with a research emphasis on metapopulation dynamics and food web structure of coastal marine communities.

My research group at Otago focuses on food web structure and biogeochemical cycling in the New Zealand fjords with emphasis on how terrestrial carbon is made available to marine consumers, the consequences of species loss for food web dynamics and how changes to food web structure influences higher trophic level groups such as rock lobsters, reef fish, marine mammals and sea birds. These studies are supported by environmental chemistry techniques including stable isotope analysis and compound specific analysis of fatty acid biomarkers.

We also carry out studies on population structure and metapopulation dynamics in these environments employing both trace elemental analysis of otoliths and skeletal material of crustaceans, and in collaboration with geneticists. These studies have been used to support management decision making in Fiordland leading to the Fiordland Marine Management Act 2005, and I have an active programme monitoring biological and physical changes across the region in the new network of marine reserves and marine protected areas.

Outside of Fiordland I have active research projects on food web structure in Antarctica, the sub-Antarctic Islands, and in Coastal Otago linked with Mäori customary management of fisheries.

Courses

  • ECOL 111: Ecology and Conservation of Diversity
  • MARI 112: Global Marine Systems
  • MARI 301: Marine Ecology
  • MARI 302: Biology and Behaviour of Marine Vertebrates
  • AQFI 252-352: Fisheries Ecology
  • AQFI 421: Advanced Aquaculture and Fisheries
  • ECOL 411: Reading Ecology
  • MARI 432: Subtidal Ecology

Research Projects

  • Food web connectivity in the Fiordland ecosystem: an investigation of trophic links across ecotone boundaries - Marsden Fund.
  • Analysis of biodiversity patterns and management decision making processes to support stewardship of marine resources and biodiversity in Fiordland- a case study - Ministry for the Environment / Ministry of Fisheries.
  • Ecophysiology of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) in Paterson Inlet, Stewart Island- Otago Research Grant
  • Biomass survey and yield estimates for the New Zealand littleneck clam (Austrovenus stutchburyi) in Papanui and Waitati Inlets, Otago - Ministry of Fisheries
  • A Metapopulation Model for the New Zealand Sea Urchin Evechinus chloroticus in Fiordland: Influence of Larval Transport Patterns on Population Structure- Otago Research Grant.
  • GIS tools for design of marine protected areas -Otago Research Grant/ Department of Conservation
  • Using Molecular Genetics to Test a Hydrographic Model of New Zealand’s Fjords that Predicts their Ability to Act as Barriers to the Dispersal of Marine Organisms. - Marsden Fund.
  • 2011–2014, Does the sea ice microbial community contribute to secondary production in the Antarctic? Antarctica New Zealand
  • 2011–2014, Does bioaccumulation of iron by seabirds enhance productivity around sub-Antarctic Islands? Royal Society of New Zealand – Marsden Fund
  • 2009-2010, Fiordland (Te Moana o Atawhenua) Marine Area Biodiversity Monitoring 2010, Department of Conservation.
  • 2008, Implications of climate change for flux of organic matter in Antarctic coastal ecosystems, Antarctica New Zealand
  • 2006-2008, Biodiversity research in Fiordland associated with the Fiordland marine reserve network and Fiordland Marine Management Act 2005 (3 projects), Department of Conservation.
  • Ecosystem Connectivity: Resolving Biochemical Fluxes to inform Ecosystem Based Management. Sustainable Seas, National Science Challenge

Postgraduate Students

Alex Connolly - Thesis Title (MSc): Identifying shifts in the trophic positions of coastal fish species associated with an increasing human population.

Leonardo Durante - Thesis Title (PhD): Biochemical fluxes in coastal fish communities

Stina Kolodzey - Thesis Title (PhD): Demographic structure of coastal reef fish populations

Rebecca McMullin - Thesis Title (PhD): Biogeochemistry of aquaculture influenced communities

Morgan Meyers - Thesis Title (PhD): Zooplankton – phytoplankton interactions in a changing ocean

Ben Robertson - Thesis Title (PhD):Development of a cost-effective trophic state assessment protocol for shallow, temperate, tidal lagoon estuaries.

Jacquetta Udy - Thesis Title (MSc): Drivers of Community Structure and Food Web Architecture in Fiordland Reef Fish

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Publications

McMullin, R. M., Wing, S. R., & Reid, M. R. (2017). Ice fish otoliths record dynamics of advancing and retreating sea ice in Antarctica. Limnology & Oceanography. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/lno.10597

McMullin, R., Wing, S. R., Wing, L. C., & Shatova, O. (2017). Trophic position of Antarctic ice fishes reflects food web structure along a gradient in sea ice persistence. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 564, 87-98. doi: 10.3354/meps12031

Wing, S. R., Gault-Ringold, M., Stirling, C. H., Wing, L. C., Shatova, O., & Frew, R. D. (2017). δ56Fe in seabird guano reveals extensive recycling of iron in the Southern Ocean ecosystem. Limnology & Oceanography. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/lno.10524

Wing, S. R., Wing, L. C., Shatova, O., & Van Hale, R. (2017). Marine micronutrient vectors: Seabirds, marine mammals and fishes egest high concentrations of bioactive metals in the subantarctic island ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 563, 13-23. doi: 10.3354/meps11978

Shatova, O. A., Wing, S. R., Hoffmann, L. J., Wing, L. C., & Gault-Ringold, M. (2017). Phytoplankton community structure is influenced by seabird guano enrichment in the Southern Ocean. Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf Science, 191, 125-135. doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2017.04.021

Authored Book - Research

Wing, S. (2008). Subtidal invertebrates of New Zealand: A diver's guide. Christchurch, New Zealand: Canterbury University Press, 148p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Wing, S. R. (2011). Population networks with sources and sinks along productivity gradients in the Fiordland Marine Area, New Zealand: A case study on the sea urchin Evechinus chloroticus. In J. Liu, V. Hull, A. T. Morzillo & J. A. Wiens (Eds.), Sources, sinks and sustainability. (pp. 382-398). Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511842399.020

Wing, S. R., & McLeod, R. J. (2007). Salinity Stress. In M. W. Denny & S. D. Gaines (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Tidepools & Rocky Shores. (pp. 482-484). Berkeley: University of California.

Wing, S. (2003). Fiordland. In N. Andrew & M. Francis (Eds.), The living reef: The ecology of New Zealand's rocky reefs. (pp. 238-247). Nelson, New Zealand: Craig Potton Publishing.

Ostrow, D. G., Wing, S. R., Mladenov, P. V., & Roy, M. S. (2001). Genetic differentiation of Terebratella sanguinea in the New Zealand fjords: A dispersal barrier in the marine environment? In C. H. C. Brunton, L. R. M. Cocks & S. L. Long (Eds.), Brachiopods past and present. (pp. 150-159). London: Taylor & Francis.

Wing, S. R. (2001). Free-floating larvae of crabs, sea urchins, and rockfishes. In H. A. Karl, J. L. Chin, E. Ueber, P. H. Stauffer & J. I. I. Hendley (Eds.), Beyond the Golden Gate: Oceanography, geology, biology and environmental issues in the Gulf of the Farallones [Circular 1198]. (pp. 40-41). Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey.

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Journal - Research Article

McMullin, R. M., Wing, S. R., & Reid, M. R. (2017). Ice fish otoliths record dynamics of advancing and retreating sea ice in Antarctica. Limnology & Oceanography. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/lno.10597

Shatova, O. A., Wing, S. R., Hoffmann, L. J., Wing, L. C., & Gault-Ringold, M. (2017). Phytoplankton community structure is influenced by seabird guano enrichment in the Southern Ocean. Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf Science, 191, 125-135. doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2017.04.021

Wing, S. R., Wing, L. C., Shatova, O., & Van Hale, R. (2017). Marine micronutrient vectors: Seabirds, marine mammals and fishes egest high concentrations of bioactive metals in the subantarctic island ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 563, 13-23. doi: 10.3354/meps11978

Wing, S. R., Gault-Ringold, M., Stirling, C. H., Wing, L. C., Shatova, O., & Frew, R. D. (2017). δ56Fe in seabird guano reveals extensive recycling of iron in the Southern Ocean ecosystem. Limnology & Oceanography. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/lno.10524

McMullin, R., Wing, S. R., Wing, L. C., & Shatova, O. (2017). Trophic position of Antarctic ice fishes reflects food web structure along a gradient in sea ice persistence. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 564, 87-98. doi: 10.3354/meps12031

Shatova, O., Wing, S. R., Gault-Ringold, M., Wing, L., & Hoffmann, L. J. (2016). Seabird guano enhances phytoplankton production in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology, 483, 74-87. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2016.07.004

Wing, S. R., Wing, L. C., & Fujita, Y. (2015). Overthrowing a regime shift: Displacement of sea urchins by abalone in a kelp forest ecosystem. Ecosphere, 6(12), 1-13. doi: 10.1890/ES15-00179.1

Wing, S. R., & Wing, L. (2015). Ontogenetic shifts in resource use by the sea urchin Evechinus chloroticus across an ecotone. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 535, 177-184.

Wing, S. R., Jack, L., Shatova, O., Leichter, J. J., Barr, D., Frew, R. D., & Gault-Ringold, M. (2014). Seabirds and marine mammals redistribute bioavailable iron in the Southern Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 510, 1-13. doi: 10.3354/meps10923

Wing, S. R., & Jack, L. (2014). Fiordland: The ecological basis for ecosystem management. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, 48(4), 577-593. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2014.897636

Wing, S. R., & Jack, L. (2013). Marine reserve networks conserve biodiversity by stabilizing communities and maintaining food web structure. Ecosphere, 4(11), 135. doi: 10.1890/ES13-00257.1

Jack, L., & Wing, S. R. (2013). A safety network against regional population collapse: Mature subpopulations in refuges distributed across the landscape. Ecosphere, 4(5), 57. doi: 10.1890/ES12-00221.1

Beer, N. A., Wing, S. R., & Carbines, G. (2013). First estimates of batch fecundity for Parapercis colias, a commercially important temperate reef fish. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, 47(4), 587-594. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2013.789440

Beer, N. A., & Wing, S. R. (2013). Trophic ecology drives spatial variability in growth among subpopulations of an exploited temperate reef fish. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, 47(1), 73-89. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2012.751037

Wing, S. R., McLeod, R. J., Leichter, J. J., Frew, R. D., & Lamare, M. D. (2012). Sea ice microbial production supports Ross Sea benthic communities: Influence of a small but stable subsidy. Ecology, 93(2), 314-323. doi: 10.1890/11-0996.1

Davis, J. P., & Wing, S. R. (2012). Niche partitioning in the Fiordland wrasse guild. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 446, 207-220. doi: 10.3354/meps09452

Wing, S., & Jack, L. (2012). Resource specialisation among suspension-feeding invertebrates on rock walls in Fiordland, New Zealand, is driven by water column structure and feeding mode. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 452, 109-118. doi: 10.3354/meps09588

Wing, S. R., Beer, N. A., & Jack, L. (2012). Resource base of blue cod Parapercis colias subpopulations in marginal fjordic habitats is linked to chemoautotrophic production. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 466, 205-214. doi: 10.3354/meps09929

Jack, L., & Wing, S. R. (2011). Individual variability in trophic position and diet of a marine omnivore is linked to kelp bed habitat. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 443, 129-139. doi: 10.3354/meps09468

Miller, S. M., Hurd, C. L., & Wing, S. R. (2011). Variations in growth, erosion, productivity, and morphology of Ecklonia radiata (Alariaceae; Laminariales) along a fjord in southern New Zealand. Journal of Phycology, 47(3), 505-516. doi: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2011.00966.x

Beer, N. A., Wing, S. R., & Swearer, S. E. (2011). Otolith elemental evidence for spatial structuring in a temperate reef fish population. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 442, 217-227. doi: 10.3354/meps09407

Wing, S. R., & Leichter, J. J. (2011). Variation in environmental conditions in a subtidal prey refuge: Effects of salinity stress, food availability and predation on mussels in a fjord system. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 422, 201-210. doi: 10.3354/meps08911

Beer, N. A., Wing, S. R., & Hu, Y. (2011). Physical versus biological control of element incorporation into biogenic carbonate: An in situ experiment in a New Zealand fjord. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 433, 289-301. doi: 10.3354/meps09199

Richards, D. K., Hurd, C. L., Pritchard, D. W., Wing, S. R., & Hepburn, C. D. (2011). Photosynthetic response of monospecific macroalgal stands to density. Aquatic Biology, 13(1), 41-49. doi: 10.3354/ab00349

Jack, L., Wing, S. R., Hu, Y., & Roberts, M. (2011). Natural trace elemental markers for adult red rock lobsters Jasus edwardsii vary among replicate distinct water masses. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 443, 141-151. doi: 10.3354/meps09510

Stokes, M. D., Leichter, J. J., Wing, S., & Frew, R. (2011). Temperature variability and algal isotopic heterogeneity on a Floridian coral reef. Marine Ecology, 32(3), 364-379. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2011.00469.x

McLeod, R. J., Wing, S. R., & Skilton, J. E. (2010). High incidence of invertebrate—chemoautotroph symbioses in benthic communities of the New Zealand fjords. Limnology & Oceanography, 55(5), 2097-2106. doi: 10.4319/lo.2010.55.5.2097

Freeman, D. J., Marshall, B. A., Ahyong, S. T., Wing, S. R., & Hitchmough, R. A. (2010). Conservation status of New Zealand marine invertebrates, 2009. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, 44(3), 129-148. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2010.495373

Jack, L., & Wing, S. R. (2010). Maintenance of old-growth size structure and fecundity of the red rock lobster Jasus edwardsii among marine protected areas in Fiordland, New Zealand. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 404, 161-172. doi: 10.3354/meps08499

Lawton, R. J., Wing, S. R., & Lewis, A. M. (2010). Evidence for discrete subpopulations of sea perch (Helicolenus ercoides) across four fjords in Fiordland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, 44(4), 309-322. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2010.519777

McLeod, R. J., Wing, S. R., & Davis, J. P. (2010). Habitat conversion and species loss alters the composition of carbon sources to benthic communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 411, 127-136. doi: 10.3354/meps08677

Wing, S. R. (2009). Decadal-scale dynamics of sea urchin population networks in Fiordland, New Zealand are driven by juxtaposition of larval transport against benthic productivity gradients. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 378, 125-134. doi: 10.3354/meps07878

Suring, E., & Wing, S. R. (2009). Isotopic turnover rate and fractionation in multiple tissues of red rock lobster (Jasus edwardsii) and blue cod (Parapercis colias): Consequences for ecological studies. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology, 370, 56-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.11.014

McLeod, R. J., & Wing, S. R. (2009). Strong pathways for incorporation of terrestrially derived organic matter into benthic communities. Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf Science, 82(4), 645-653. doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2009.02.025

Jack, L., Wing, S. R., & McLeod, R. J. (2009). Prey base shifts in red rock lobster Jasus edwardsii in response to habitat conversion in Fiordland marine reserves: Implications for effective spatial management. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 381, 213-222. doi: 10.3354/meps07971

McLeod, R. J., & Wing, S. R. (2008). Influence of an altered salinity regime on the population structure of two infaunal bivalve species. Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf Science, 78, 529-540. doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2008.01.019

Rodgers, K. L., & Wing, S. R. (2008). Spatial structure and movement of blue cod Parapercis colias in Doubtful Sound, New Zealand, inferred from δ13C and δ15N. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 359, 239-248. doi: 10.3354/meps07349

Wing, S. R., McLeod, R. J., Clark, K. L., & Frew, R. D. (2008). Plasticity in the diet of two echinoderm species across an ecotone: Microbial recycling of forest litter and bottom-up forcing of population structure. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 360, 115-123. doi: 10.3354/meps07434

Clark, A. S. S., Zydervelt, E. E., & Wing, S. R. (2008). Modelling count and growth data with many zeros. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology, 365(2), 86-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2008.07.043

McLeod, R. J., & Wing, S. R. (2007). Hagfish in the New Zealand fjords are supported by chemoautotrophy of forest carbon. Ecology, 88(4), 809-816.

Wing, S. R., Leichter, J. J., Perrin, C., Rutger, S. M., Bowman, M. H., & Cornelisen, C. D. (2007). Topographic shading and wave exposure influence morphology and ecophysiology of Ecklonia radiata (C. Agardh 1817) in Fiordland, New Zealand. Limnology & Oceanography, 52(5), 1853-1864.

Cornelisen, C. D., Wing, S. R., Clark, K. L., Bowman, M. H., Frew, R. D., & Hurd, C. L. (2007). Patterns in the δ13C and δ15N signature of Ulva pertusa: Interaction between physical gradients and nutrient source pools. Limnology & Oceanography, 52(2), 820-832.

Hepburn, C. D., Holborow, J. D., Wing, S. R., Frew, R. D., & Hurd, C. L. (2007). Exposure to waves enhances the growth rate and nitrogen status of the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 339, 99-108. doi: 10.3354/meps339099

Rutger, S. M., & Wing, S. R. (2006). Effects of freshwater input on shallow-water infaunal communities in Doubtful Sound, New Zealand. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 314, 35-47. doi: 10.3354/meps314035

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