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Setting realistic goals

My long and short-term goals

In this video students talk about their goals and the kinds of things they do to achieve them.

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There are three main types of goals: long-term; medium-term; and short-term. Long-term goals may be things like getting a degree or becoming an accountant, and medium and short-term goals are the smaller goals that need to be achieved in order to meet your long-term goal; for example, passing all your papers (medium-term goal) and getting a 'B' for your next assignment (short-term goal). To develop your own short-term goals, break down your long-term goals into small tasks or steps. The smaller the steps the better. Plan your study activities day by day, and divide each task into smaller steps so you don't get overwhelmed. It's more efficient to study a little bit every day than it is to do all your study at once right before your mid-term or final exam.

Performance goals and mastery goals

When you are setting your long and short-term goals for your academic study, you will need to consider both performance goals and mastery goals.

  • Performance Goals are aimed at achieving the grades you need to pass and/or complete a task (i.e. your performance). They are closely related to your short-term goals.
  • Mastery Goals are aimed at improving the skills in your chosen area of study (i.e. your mastery of the subject). They are closely related to your long-term or medium-term goals.

Goal setting helps you get to where you ultimately want to be.


Want to know more?

For more information on how to set goals, planning your study activities or time management check out the online resources or talk to a staff member at HEDC Student Learning Development