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DSM staff profile

Cathy Chapple

Professor Leigh Hale

PositionDean of the School of Physiotherapy
QualificationsBSc(Cape Town) MSc (Physio) PhD(Witw) PhD FNZCP
Research summaryPhysiotherapy and rehabilitation
Teaching
  • Neurorehabilitation
  • Clinical practice
  • Thesis supervision (master's and PhD)
Memberships
  • Editor of the NZ Journal of Physiotherapy
  • Curriculum Auditor for the NZ Physiotherapy Board
  • Board member of the NZ Musculodystrophy Association
  • Board member of the Leslie Groves Hospital
  • Member of the New Zealand Society of Physiotherapists
  • Fellow of the New Zealand College of Physiotherapists
  • Editorial Board of International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Editorial Board of Physiotherapy Research International

Research

My research expertise transcends both quantitative and qualitative domains and is focussed on clinical neurorehabilitation. My current research interests include:

  • Community falls prevention programmes for older adults
  • Fall prevention in adults with intellectual disability
  • Self-management and stroke
  • Exercise and physical activity in people with long term conditions, particularly Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke, Parkinson's Disease, and Alzheimer's disease
  • The use of virtual reality in stroke rehabilitation
  • Disability awareness
  • Valuing support workers

Publications

Kanagasabai, P. S., Mulligan, H., Mirfin-Veitch, B., & Hale, L. (2017). Leisure participation patterns of children with movement impairments in New Zealand. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 29(1), 16-22. doi: 10.1097/pep.0000000000000334

Winser, S., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., Whitney, S. L., Klatt, B., Mottershead, J., … Heyman, R. (2017). Psychometric properties of a core set of measures of balance for people with cerebellar ataxia secondary to multiple sclerosis. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 98(2), 270-276. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.07.023

Devan, H., Dillon, M. P., Carman, A. B., Hendrick, P., Hale, L., Boocock, M., & Ribeiro, D. C. (2017). Spinal and pelvic kinematics during gait in people with lower-limb amputation, with and without low back pain: An exploratory study. Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1097/JPO.0000000000000137

Kanagasabai, P. S., Mulligan, H., Hale, L. A., & Mirfin-Veitch, B. (2017). "I do like the activities which I can do..." Leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments. Disability & Rehabilitation. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1303093

George, E., Hale, L., & Angelo, J. (2017). Valuing the health of the support worker in the aged care sector. Ageing & Society, 37(5), 1006-1024. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X16000131

Chapter in Book - Research

Smith, C. M., Treharne, G. J., Mulligan, H., & Hale, L. A. (2016). Using qualitative evidence to develop an intervention for enabling people with chronic disabling conditions to be more physically active. In K. Olson, R. A. Young & I. Z. Schultz (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative health research for evidence-based practice. (pp. 453-472). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2920-7_27

Rutherford, G., Hale, L., & Powell, D. (2015). 'We put in a few ramps in here and there, that's about it': The need to ramp our minds in academia. In T. Corcoran, J. White & B. Whitburn (Eds.), Disability studies: Educating for inclusion. (pp. 137-153). Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense. doi: 10.1007/978-94-6300-199-1_9

Hoermann, S., Hale, L., Winser, S. J., & Regenbrecht, H. (2014). Patient engagement and clinical feasibility of augmented reflection technology for stroke rehabilitation. In P. M. Sharkey & J. Merrick (Eds.), Virtual reality: Rehabilitation in motor, cognitive and sensorial disorders. (pp. 95-106). New York: Nova Science.

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Chapter in Book - Other

Hale, L., Croker, A., & Tasker, D. (2009). The expansion of community-based physiotherapy. In J. Higgs, M. Smith, G. Webb, M. Skinner & A. Croker (Eds.), Contexts of physiotherapy practice. (pp. 139-150). Sydney, Australia: Churchill Livingstone.

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Journal - Research Article

Kanagasabai, P. S., Mulligan, H., Mirfin-Veitch, B., & Hale, L. (2017). Leisure participation patterns of children with movement impairments in New Zealand. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 29(1), 16-22. doi: 10.1097/pep.0000000000000334

George, E., Hale, L., & Angelo, J. (2017). Valuing the health of the support worker in the aged care sector. Ageing & Society, 37(5), 1006-1024. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X16000131

Kanagasabai, P. S., Mulligan, H., Hale, L. A., & Mirfin-Veitch, B. (2017). "I do like the activities which I can do..." Leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments. Disability & Rehabilitation. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1303093

Devan, H., Dillon, M. P., Carman, A. B., Hendrick, P., Hale, L., Boocock, M., & Ribeiro, D. C. (2017). Spinal and pelvic kinematics during gait in people with lower-limb amputation, with and without low back pain: An exploratory study. Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1097/JPO.0000000000000137

Winser, S., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., Whitney, S. L., Klatt, B., Mottershead, J., … Heyman, R. (2017). Psychometric properties of a core set of measures of balance for people with cerebellar ataxia secondary to multiple sclerosis. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 98(2), 270-276. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.07.023

Devan, H., Hendrick, P., Hale, L., Carman, A., & Dillon, M. P. (2017). Exploring factors influencing low back pain in people with non-dysvascular lower limb amputation: a national survey. PM&R. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.02.004

Hoermann, S., Ferreira dos Santos, L., Morkisch, N., Jettkowski, K., Sillis, M., Devan, H., Kanagasabai, P. S., … Regenbrecht, H., Hale, L., & Cutfield, N. J. (2017). Computerised mirror therapy with Augmented Reflection Technology for early stroke rehabilitation: Clinical feasibility and integration as an adjunct therapy. Disability & Rehabilitation. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1291765

Mesbah, N., Perry, M., Hill, K. D., Kaur, M., & Hale, L. (2017). Postural stability in older adults with Alzheimer disease. Physical Therapy, 97(3), 290-309. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20160115

Bell, R., Smith, C., Hale, L., Kira, G., & Tumilty, S. (2017). Understanding obesity in the context of an Indigenous population: A qualitative study. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2017.04.006

Hale, L. A., Mirfin-Veitch, B. F., & Treharne, G. J. (2016). Prevention of falls for adults with intellectual disability (PROFAID): A feasibility study. Disability & Rehabilitation, 38(1), 36-44. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2015.1017613

Whitehead, L. C., Trip, H. T., Hale, L. A., & Conder, J. (2016). Negotiated autonomy in diabetes self-management: The experiences of adults with intellectual disability and their support workers. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(4), 389-397. doi: 10.1111/jir.12257

Wurzer, B., Waters, D. L., & Hale, L. A. (2016). Fall-related injuries in a cohort of community-dwelling older adults attending peer-led fall prevention exercise classes. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 39(3), 110-116. doi: 10.1519/jpt.0000000000000061

Higgs, C., Skinner, M., & Hale, L. (2016). Outcomes of a community-based lifestyle programme for adults with diabetes or pre-diabetes. Journal of Primary Health Care, 8(2), 130-139. doi: 10.1071/HC15038

Potiki Bryant, K., Hale, L., Tikao, K., Milosavljevic, S., Wright-Tawha, T., Ward, A. L., & Mirfin-Veitch, B. F. (2016). Art as a tool for disseminating research outcomes: The Hauā Mana Māori Project and Participatory Action Research in New Zealand. Journal of Humanities in Rehabilitation. Retrieved from https://scholarblogs.emory.edu/journalofhumanitiesinrehabilitation

Diab, A. S., Hale, L. A., Skinner, M. A., Hammond-Tooke, G., Ward, A. L., & Waters, D. L. (2016). Body composition and postural instability in people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Journal of Aging Research & Clinical Practice, 5(1), 14-19. doi: 10.14283/jarcp.2016.86

Trip, H., Conder, J., Hale, L., & Whitehead, L. (2016). The role of key workers in supporting people with intellectual disability in the self-management of their diabetes: A qualitative New Zealand study. Health & Social Care in the Community, 24(6), 789-798. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12262

Janssen, J., Hale, L., Mirfin-Veitch, B., & Harland, T. (2016). Perceptions of physiotherapists towards research: A mixed methods study. Physiotherapy, 102, 210-216. doi: 10.1016/j.physio.2015.04.007

Sangelaji, B., Smith, C. M., Paul, L., Kovanur Sampath, K., Treharne, G. J., & Hale, L. A. (2016). The effectiveness of behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity participation in people with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 30(6), 559-576. doi: 10.1177/0269215515595274

Baxter, S. V., Hale, L. A., Stebbings, S., Gray, A. R., Smith, C. M., & Treharne, G. J. (2016). Walking is a feasible physical activity for people with rheumatoid arthritis: A feasibility randomized controlled trial. Musculoskeletal Care, 14(1), 47-56. doi: 10.1002/msc.1112

Bell, R., Tumilty, S., Kira, G., Smith, C., & Hale, L. (2016). Using a community based participatory research model within an indigenous framework to establish an exploratory platform of investigation into obesity. Obesity Medicine, 2, 19-24. doi: 10.1016/j.obmed.2016.03.001

Baxter, S., Smith, C., Treharne, G., Stebbings, S., & Hale, L. (2016). What are the perceived barriers, facilitators and attitudes to exercise for women with rheumatoid arthritis? A qualitative study. Disability & Rehabilitation, 38(8), 773-780. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2015.1061602

Devan, H., Carman, A. B., Hendrick, P. A., Ribeiro, D. C., & Hale, L. A. (2015). Perceptions of low back pain in people with lower limb amputation: A focus group study. Disability & Rehabilitation, 37(10), 873-883. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2014.946158

Winser, S. J., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., Whitney, S. L., & Mehta, P. (2015). COSMIN for quality rating systematic reviews on psychometric properties [Commentary]. Physical Therapy Reviews, 20(2), 132-134. doi: 10.1179/1743288X15Y.0000000003

Devan, H., Carman, A., Hendrick, P., Hale, L., & Ribeiro, D. C. (2015). Spinal, pelvic, and hip movement asymmetries in people with lower-limb amputation: Systematic review. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 52(1), 1-20. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2014.05.0135

Walter, T., Hale, L., & Smith, C. (2015). Blue prescription: A single-subject design intervention to enable physical activity for people with stroke. International Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation, 22(2), 87-95. doi: 10.12968/ijtr.2015.22.2.87

Winser, S. J., Smith, C., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., & Whitney, S. L. (2015). Balance outcome measures in cerebellar ataxia: A Delphi survey. Disability & Rehabilitation, 37(2), 165-170. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2014.913709

Winser, S. J., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., Whitney, S. L., & Mehta, P. (2015). Systematic review of the psychometric properties of balance measures for cerebellar ataxia. Clinical Rehabilitation, 29(1), 69-79. doi: 10.1177/0269215514536412

van Bysterveldt, E., Davey, S., Douglas, N., Liu, R., Robertson, L., Conroy, J., Higgs, C., & Hale, L. (2014). A group exercise programme for people at risk from type II diabetes run as a physiotherapy student clinical placement is beneficial: A qualitative study. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 42(2), 81-88.

Winser, S., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., Whitney, S., Klatt, B., Mottershead, J., … Heyman, R. (2014). Balance assessment in multiple sclerosis and cerebellar ataxia: Rationale, protocol and demographic data. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation International, 1(5), 6.

Diab, K. S., Hale, L. A., Waters, D. L., & Skinner, M. A. (2014). Factors contributing to postural instability in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease: A systematic review. Physical Therapy Reviews, 19(5), 302-327. doi: 10.1179/1743288X14Y.0000000148

Kanagasabai, P. S., Mulligan, H., Mirfin-Veitch, B., & Hale, L. A. (2014). Association between motor functioning and leisure participation of children with physical disability: An integrative review. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 56(12), 1147-1162. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.12570

Hale, L., Jones, F., Mulligan, H., Levack, W., Smith, C., Claydon, L., Milosavljevic, S., Taylor, D., Allan, J., MacKenzie, N., Flannery, J., Edwards, S., Rabone, T., & Alcock, M. (2014). Developing the Bridges self-management programme for New Zealand stroke survivors: A case study. International Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation, 21(8), 381-388. doi: 10.12968/ijtr.2014.21.8.381

Hoermann, S., Hale, L., Winser, S. J., & Regenbrecht, H. (2014). Patient engagement and clinical feasibility of Augmented Reflection Technology for stroke rehabilitation. International Journal of Disability & Human Development, 13(3), 355-360. doi: 10.1515/ijdhd-2014-0328

Wurzer, B., Waters, D. L., Hale, L. A., & Leon de la Barra, S. (2014). Long-term participation in peer-led fall prevention classes predicts lower fall incidence. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 95(6), 1060-1066. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.01.018

Pal, J., Hale, L., Mirfin-Veitch, B., & Claydon, L. (2014). Injuries and falls among adults with intellectual disability: A prospective New Zealand cohort study. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 39(1), 35-44. doi: 10.3109/13668250.2013.867929

Robertson, L., Hale, B., Waters, D., Hale, L., & Andrew, A. (2014). Community peer-led exercise groups: Reasons for success. Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences & Practice, 12(2). Retrieved from http://ijahsp.nova.edu/articles/Vol12Num2/Robertson.htm

Hale, L., & Donovan, K. (2014). A video-based balance measure for people with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 39(2), 206-213. doi: 10.3109/13668250.2014.898743

Chang, V., Hiller, C., Keast, E., Nicholas, P., Su, M., & Hale, L. (2013). Musculoskeletal disorders in support workers in the aged care sector. Physical Therapy Reviews, 18(3), 185-206. doi: 10.1179/1743288X13Y.0000000083

Janssen, J., Hale, L., Mirfin-Veitch, B. F., & Harland, T. (2013). Building the research capacity of clinical physical therapists using a participatory action research approach. Physical Therapy, 93(7), 923-934. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20120030

Devan, H., Hendrick, P., Ribeiro, D. C., Hale, L. A., & Carman, A. (2013). Asymmetrical movements of the lumbopelvic region: Is this a potential mechanism for low back pain in people with lower limb amputation? Medical Hypotheses, 82(1), 77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2013.11.012

Ahuja, S. S., Clark, S., Morahan, E. M., Ono, M., Mulligan, H., & Hale, L. (2013). The journey to recovery: Experiences and perceptions of individuals following stroke [ML Roberts Prize]. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 41(1), 36-43.

Hale, L., van der Meer, J., Rutherford, G., Clay, L., Janssen, J., & Powell, D. (2013). Exploring the integration of disability awareness into tertiary teaching and learning activities. Journal of Education and Learning, 147-157. doi: 10.5539/jel.v2n1p147

Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Olson, K., Baxter, G. D., & Schneiders, A. G. (2013). Healthcare provider beliefs about exercise and fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 50(5), 733-744. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2012.01.0012

Pal, J., Hale, L., & Mirfin-Veitch, B. (2013). Experiences of therapists trying to reduce falls risk for people with intellectual disability. Journal of Policy & Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 10(4), 314-320. doi: 10.1111/jppi.12058

Hale, L. A., Mulligan, H. F., Treharne, G. J., & Smith, C. M. (2013). The feasibility and short-term benefits of Blue Prescription: A novel intervention to enable physical activity for people with multiple sclerosis. Disability & Rehabilitation, 35(14), 1213-1220. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2012.723787

Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Mulligan, H. F., & Treharne, G. J. (2013). Participant perceptions of a novel physiotherapy approach ("Blue Prescription") for increasing levels of physical activity in people with multiple sclerosis: A qualitative study following intervention. Disability & Rehabilitation, 35(14), 1174-1181. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2012.723792

Winser, S. J., Hale, L., Claydon, L. S., & Smith, C. (2013). Outcome measures for the assessment of balance and posture control in cerebellar ataxia. Physical Therapy Reviews, 18(2), 117-133. doi: 10.1179/1743288X13Y.0000000065

Mulligan, H., Treharne, G. J., Hale, L. A., & Smith, C. (2013). Combining self-help and professional help to minimize barriers to physical activity in persons with multiple sclerosis: A trial of the "Blue Prescription" approach in New Zealand. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 37, 51-57. doi: 10.1097/NPT.0b013e318292799e

Hendrick, P., Milosavljevic, S., Hale, L., Hurley, D. A., McDonough, S. M., Herbison, P., & Baxter, G. D. (2013). Does a patient's physical activity predict recovery from an episode of acute low back pain? A prospective cohort study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 14(1), 126. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-14-126

McDowell, J. M., Johnson, G. M., & Hale, L. (2013). Adverse reactions to acupuncture: Policy recommendations based on practitioner opinion in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 41(3), 94-101.

Al-Issa, H., Regenbrecht, H., & Hale, L. (2012). Augmented reality applications in rehabilitation to improve physical outcomes. Physical Therapy Reviews, 17(1), 16-28. doi: 10.1179/1743288X11Y.0000000051

King, M., Hijmans, J. M., Sampson, M., Satherley, J., & Hale, L. (2012). Home-based stroke rehabilitation using computer gaming. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 40(3), 128-134.

Maleka, M., Stewart, A. S., & Hale, L. (2012). The experience of living with stroke in low urban and rural socioeconomic areas of South Africa. South African Journal of Physiotherapy, 68(3), 25-29.

Smith, C. M., Read, J. E., Bennie, C., Hale, L. A., & Milosavljevic, S. (2012). Can non-immersive virtual reality improve physical outcomes of rehabilitation? Physical Therapy Reviews, 17(1), 1-15. doi: 10.1179/1743288x11y.0000000047

Moody, J., Hale, L., & Waters, D. (2012). Perceptions of a water-based exercise programme to improve physical function and falls risk in older adults with lower extremity osteoarthritis: Barriers, motivators and sustainability. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 40(2), 64-70.

Saywell, N., Vandal, A. C., Brown, P., Hanger, H. C., Hale, L., Mudge, S., Milosavljevic, S., … Taylor, D. (2012). Telerehabilitation to improve outcomes for people with stroke: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 13(1). doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-13-233

Regenbrecht, H., Hoermann, S., McGregor, G., Dixon, B., Franz, E., Ott, C., Hale, L., … Hoermann, J. (2012). Visual manipulations for motor rehabilitation. Computers & Graphics, 36(7), 819-834. doi: 10.1016/j.cag.2012.04.012

Hale, L. A., Waters, D., & Herbison, P. (2012). A randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of water-based exercise to improve falls risk and physical function in older adults with lower-extremity osteoarthritis. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 93(1), 27-34. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.08.004

Mulligan, H., Whitehead, L. C., Hale, L. A., Baxter, G. D., & Thomas, D. (2012). Promoting physical activity for individuals with neurological disability: Indications for practice. Disability & Rehabilitation, 34(13), 1108-1113. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2011.631683

Mulligan, H. F., Hale, L. A., Whitehead, L., & Baxter, G. D. (2012). Barriers to physical activity for people with long-term neurological conditions: A review study. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 29(3), 243-265.

Hale, L. A., Smith, C., Mulligan, H., & Treharne, G. J. (2012). "Tell me what you want, what you really really want....": Asking people with multiple sclerosis about enhancing their participation in physical activity. Disability & Rehabilitation, 34(22), 1887-1893. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2012.670037

Hale, L. A., Satherley, J. A., McMillan, N. J., Milosavljevic, S., Hijmans, J. M., & King, M. J. (2012). Participant perceptions of use of CyWee Z as adjunct to rehabilitation of upper-limb function following stroke. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 49(4), 623-634. doi: 10.1682/jrrd.2001.04.0070

Taylor, D., Hale, L., Schluter, P., Waters, D. L., Binns, E., McCracken, H., McPherson, K., & Wolf, S. L. (2012). Effectiveness of tai chi as a community-based falls prevention intervention: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60(5), 841-848. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2012.03928.x

Hale, L. A., Trip, H. T., Whitehead, L., & Conder, J. (2011). Self-management abilities of diabetes in people with an intellectual disability living in New Zealand. Journal of Policy & Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 8(4), 223-230. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-1130.2011.00314.x

Waters, D. L., Hale, L. A., Robertson, L., Hale, B. A., & Herbison, P. (2011). Evaluation of a peer-led falls prevention program for older adults. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 92(10), 1581-1586. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.05.014

Hendrick, P., Milosavljevic, S., Hale, L., Hurley, D. A., McDonough, S., Ryan, B., & Baxter, G. D. (2011). The relationship between physical activity and low back pain outcomes: A systematic review of observational studies. European Spine Journal, 20(3), 464-474. doi: 10.1007/s00586-010-1616-2

Hijmans, J. M., Hale, L. A., Satherley, J. A., McMillan, N. J., & King, M. J. (2011). Bilateral upper-limb rehabilitation after stroke using a movement-based game controller. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 48(8), 1005-1014. doi: 10.1682/jrrd.2010.06.0109

McDowell, J. M., Johnson, G., & Hale, L. (2011). Measuring practitioner opinion on adverse reactions to acupuncture. Australian Journal of Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine, 6(2), 28-35.

Smith, C., Olson, K., Hale, L. A., Baxter, D., & Schneiders, A. G. (2011). How does fatigue influence community-based exercise participation in people with multiple sclerosis? Disability & Rehabilitation, 33(23-24), 2362-2371. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2011.573054

Mulligan, H., Fjellman-Wiklund, A., Hale, L., Thomas, D., & Häger-Ross, C. (2011). Promoting physical activity for people with neurological disability: Perspectives and experiences of physiotherapists. Physiotherapy Theory & Practice, 27(6), 399-410. doi: 10.3109/09593985.2010.519015

Alla, S., Sullivan, S. J., McCrory, P., & Hale, L. (2011). Spreading the word on sports concussion: Citation analysis of summary and agreement, position and consensus statements on sports concussion. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(2), 132-135. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2010.074088

King, M., Hale, L., Pekkari, A., Persson, M., Gregorsson, M., & Nilsson, M. (2010). An affordable, computerised, table-based exercise system for stroke survivors. Disability & Rehabilitation, 5(4), 288-293. doi: 10.2174/1875934301104010001

Waters, D. L., Hale, L., Grant, A. M., Herbison, P., & Goulding, A. (2010). Osteoporosis and gait and balance disturbances in older sarcopenic obese New Zealanders. Osteoporosis International, 21(2), 351-357. doi: 10.1007/s00198-009-0947-5

Hale, L., McIlraith, L., Miller, C., Stanley-Clarke, T., & George, R. (2010). The interrater reliability of the modified Gait Abnormality Rating Scale for use with people with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 35(2), 77-81. doi: 10.3109/13668251003702128

Perry, M. A., Hendrick, P. A., Hale, L., Baxter, G. D., Milosavljevic, S., Dean, S. G., … Hurley, D. A. (2010). Utility of the RT3 triaxial accelerometer in free living: An investigation of adherence and data loss. Applied Ergonomics, 41, 469-476. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2009.10.001

Latimer, C. P., Keeling, J., Lin, B., Henderson, M., & Hale, L. A. (2010). The impact of bilateral therapy on upper limb function after chronic stroke: A systematic review. Disability & Rehabilitation, 32(15), 1221-1231. doi: 10.3109/09638280903483877

Hale, L. A. (2010). Using goal attainment scaling in physiotherapeutic home-based stroke rehabilitation. Advances in Physiotherapy, 12(3), 142-149. doi: 10.3109/14038196.2010.486040

Harland, T., Tidswell, T., Everett, D., Hale, L., & Pickering, N. (2010). Neoliberalism and the academic as critic and conscience of society. Teaching in Higher Education, 15(1), 85-96. doi: 10.1080/13562510903487917

Tarawhiti, L., Waters, D., Goulding, A., Jones, L., & Hale, L. (2009). Sarcopenic-obesity with polypharmacy is associated with gait and balance disturbances in older adults. New Zealand Medical Student Journal, 9, 19-25.

Hendrick, P., Milosavljevic, S., Bell, M. L., Hale, L., Hurley, D. A., McDonough, S. M., Melloh, M., & Baxter, G. D. (2009). Does physical activity change predict functional recovery in low back pain? Protocol for a prospective cohort study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 10, 136. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-10-136

Luxford, B. K., Hale, L., & Piggot, J. (2009). The physiotherapy management of infants with congenital muscular torticollis: A survey of current practice in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 37(3), 127-135.

Alla, S., Sullivan, S. J., Hale, L., & McCrory, P. (2009). Self-report scales/checklists for the measurement of concussion symptoms: A systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(Suppl 1), i3-i12. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2009.058339

Hendrick, P., Bond, C., Duncan, E., & Hale, L. (2009). Clinical reasoning in musculoskeletal practice: Students' conceptualizations. Physical Therapy, 89(5), 430-442.

Hale, L. A., Nukada, H., du Plessis, L. J., & Peebles, K. C. (2009). Clinical screening of autonomic dysfunction in multiple sclerosis. Physiotherapy Research International, 14(1), 42-55. doi: 10.1002/pri.416

Hale, L., Miller, R., Barach, A., Skinner, M., & Gray, A. (2009). Motor Control Test responses to balance perturbations in adults with an intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 34(1), 81-86. doi: 10.1080/13668250802683810

Smith, C., Hale, L., Olson, K., & Schneiders, A. G. (2009). How does exercise influence fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis? Disability & Rehabilitation, 31(9), 685-692. doi: 10.1080/09638280802273473

Hutton, L., Frame, R., Maggo, H., Shirakawa, H., Mulligan, H., Waters, D., & Hale, L. (2009). The perceptions of physical activity in an elderly population at risk of falling: A focus group study. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 37(2), 85-92.

Hale, L. A., Pal, J., & Becker, I. (2008). Measuring free-living physical activity in adults with and without neurologic dysfunction with a triaxial accelerometer. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 89(9), 1765-1771. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2008.02.027

Hale, L., Williams, K., Ashton, C., Connole, T., McDowell, H., & Taylor, C. (2007). Reliability of RT3 accelerometer for measuring mobility in people with multiple sclerosis: Pilot Study. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 44(4), 619-628.

Hale, L., Bray, A., & Littmann, A. (2007). Assessing the balance capabilities of people with profound intellectual disabilities who have experienced a fall. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 51(4), 260-268.

Grieve, J., & Hale, L. (2007). Gait rehabilitation in acute transverse myelitis: A case report. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 35(1), 17-23.

Smith, C., & Hale, L. (2007). The effects of non-pharmacological interventions on fatigue in four chronic illness conditions: A critical review. Physical Therapy Reviews, 12, 324-334.

Smith, C., & Hale, L. (2007). The unique nature of fatigue in multiple sclerosis: Prevalence, pathophysiology, contributing factors and subjective experience. Physical Therapy Reviews, 12, 43-51.

Waters, D., & Hale, L. (2007). Do aqua-aerobics improve gait and balance in older people? A pilot study. International Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation, 14(12), 538-542.

Smith, C., & Hale, L. (2006). Arm cranking: An exercise intervention for a severely disabled adult with multiple sclerosis. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 34(3), 172-178.

Hale, L. A., & Piggot, J. (2005). Exploring the content of physiotherapeutic home-based stroke rehabilitation in New Zealand. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 86, 1933-1940.

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