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CHEM191 The Chemical Basis of Biology and Human Health

An introduction to the concepts of chemistry underlying important processes in biology and human health, including chemical bonding, energetics, kinetics, equilibria and solubility, properties of water and solutions, acids, bases, complexation and electron transfer, mechanisms of organic reactions and properties of amino acids and carbohydrates.

CHEM 191 aims to instil a fundamental knowledge of chemical structure and reactivity, with particular focus on concepts which provide an understanding of why chemical reactions proceed and how this understanding may be applied to the chemical processes in biological systems.

CHEM 191 is a required part of the Health Sciences First Year programme at Otago and is a prerequisite paper for a number of other science courses.

CHEM 191 first semester: It provides an introduction to concepts influencing chemical reactions in biological systems including

  • Concepts of Chemical Bonding
  • Thermodynamics/energetics of biological systems
  • Properties of water
  • Reaction rates and chemical equilibria
  • Metals in biology - electron transfer, complexation
  • Organic/carbon-based compounds - stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms, functional groups, polymers
  • Biological molecules - carbohydrates, amino acids, nucleic acids, nucleic acids, proteins/enzymes
CHEM 191 Summer School: is a course designed to enable students who failed CHEM 191 in the first semester of the previous year, to pass the paper and allow them to proceed to other courses that have CHEM 191 as a prerequisite.

Paper title The Chemical Basis of Biology and Human Health
Paper code CHEM191
Subject Chemistry
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period First Semester
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $1,018.05
International Tuition Fees (NZD) $4,320.00

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Restriction
CHEM 112
Schedule C
Science
Notes
(i) It is strongly recommended that students enrolling in CHEM191 have a minimum of 14 credits in NCEA Level 3 Chemistry (or equivalent). (ii) CHEM191 may be taken at the 2017 Summer School only by students who passed the laboratory assessment for CHEM191 in 2016, but failed the paper overall.
Eligibility
First semester: There are no specific entrance requirements for students taking CHEM 191. However, having gained at least 14 credits at NCEA Level 3 (or equivalent) in chemistry is strongly recommended.

Summer School This course can only be taken by students who were enrolled in CHEM191 in the first semester of the previous year, but failed the course. Students must have passed the CHEM 191 lab requirements (at least 7.5 out of the maximum of 15 marks) in the previous year.
Enrolments for this paper in Summer School require departmental permission. View more information about departmental permission.
Contact
First semester: chem191.admin@otago.ac.nz

Summer School: dwarren@chemistry.otago.ac.nz
Teaching staff
First semester
Course Co-ordinator: Dr David McMorran
Lecturers: Professor Lyall Hanton, Associate Professor James Crowley, Associate Professor Kimberly Hageman, Dr Dave Warren, Professor David Larsen, Dr Eng Tan, Dr Alan Hayman, Dr Alan Carne, Associate Professor Craig Marshall, Dr Allan Gamble, Dr Andrea Vernall, Professor Warren Tate

Summer School
Course Co-ordinator: Dr Dave Warren
Paper Structure
First semester: Provides an introduction to concepts influencing chemical reactions including:
  • Concepts of chemical bonding
  • Thermodynamics and Equilibria
  • Acid-Base and Electron Transfer Reactions - roles of metal ions in biology
  • Reaction rates
  • Organic/carbon-based compounds - stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms, functional groups, polymers
  • Biological molecules - saccharides, amino acids, nucleic acids, proteins/enzymes
Summer School: Lectures cover:
  • Structure and bonding
  • Energetics and equilibria in biological systems
  • Reaction rates
  • Electron transfer reactions
  • Carbon chemistry
  • Introduction to biological molecules
Teaching Arrangements
First semester
  • The course comprises 43 lectures and six 3-hour laboratories
  • Attendance of laboratories is compulsory
  • A terms test will be held on a Saturday morning around the middle of the semester
Summer School:
  • The course comprises 36 lectures covering five modules
  • There are two guest lecturers and several revision lectures
  • There are eleven 1-hour tutorials (two per week
  • There will also be a one hour terms test
  • There is NO lab component to summer school CHEM 191 as you carry over the marks that you were awarded for lab work in your previous year's CHEM 191 course
Textbooks
Chemistry: The Central Science - Brown, LeMay, Bursten, Murphy, Woodward, Langford, Sagatys & George. Students can purchase either the physical book, with access to Mastering Chemistry (ISBN-13: 9781486042463)
Or
An electronic version of the text, readable on computers and tablets. Two versions of this are available:
  • The first provides online 24 month access to the eText and Mastering Chemistry (ISBN 9781442563896)
  • The second allows for download of the eText (so you have it forever) and access to Mastering Chemistry (ISBN 9781442559462 and 9781442563902)
Note that the textbook is Highly Recommended for CHEM 191 and CHEM 111, but not essential. You are not required to have a copy of the book but it will be referred to in lectures.
Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Interdisciplinary perspective, Lifelong learning, Communication, Critical thinking, interdisciplinary perspective, lifelong learning, communication, critical thinking.
view more information about otago's graduate attributes. View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes
  • Apply an understanding of chemical structures and processes to biological systems
  • Write chemical equations to describe reactions
  • Use knowledge of chemical bonding and reaction mechanisms to predict and rationalise the outcome of chemical reactions
  • Use mathematical procedures to analyse data and solve chemistry problems
  • Safely use appropriate apparatus to carry out chemistry reactions in the laboratory
Course outline

^ Top of page

Timetable

First Semester

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Lecture

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
L1 Tuesday 08:00-08:50 9-15, 18-22
L2 Tuesday 13:00-13:50 9-15, 18-22
L3 Tuesday 13:00-13:50 9-15, 18-22
L4 Tuesday 15:00-15:50 9-15, 18-22
L5 Tuesday 15:00-15:50 9-15, 18-22
AND one stream from
M1 Wednesday 08:00-08:50 9-15, 17-22
M2 Wednesday 13:00-13:50 9-15, 17-22
M3 Wednesday 13:00-13:50 9-15, 17-22
M4 Wednesday 15:00-15:50 9-15, 17-22
M5 Wednesday 15:00-15:50 9-15, 17-22
AND one stream from
N1 Thursday 08:00-08:50 9-15, 17-22
N2 Thursday 13:00-13:50 9-15, 17-22
N3 Thursday 13:00-13:50 9-15, 17-22
N4 Thursday 15:00-15:50 9-15, 17-22
N5 Thursday 15:00-15:50 9-15, 17-22
AND one stream from
O1 Friday 08:00-08:50 9-14, 17-22
O2 Friday 13:00-13:50 9-14, 17-22
O3 Friday 13:00-13:50 9-14, 17-22
O4 Friday 15:00-15:50 9-14, 17-22
O5 Friday 15:00-15:50 9-14, 17-22

Practical

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
P1 Monday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21
P2 Monday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P3 Monday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21
P4 Monday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P5 Tuesday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 14, 19, 21
Friday 09:00-11:50 17
P6 Tuesday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P7 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 14, 19, 21
Friday 14:00-16:50 17
P8 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P9 Wednesday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21
P10 Wednesday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P11 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21
P12 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P13 Wednesday 18:00-20:50 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21
P14 Wednesday 18:00-20:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P15 Thursday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21
P16 Thursday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P17 Thursday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21
P18 Thursday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22
P19 Thursday 18:00-20:50 10, 12, 14, 17, 19, 21
P20 Thursday 18:00-20:50 11, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22

An introduction to the concepts of chemistry underlying important processes in biology and human health, including chemical bonding, energetics, kinetics, equilibria and solubility, properties of water and solutions, acids, bases, complexation and electron transfer, mechanisms of organic reactions and properties of amino acids and carbohydrates.

CHEM 191 aims to instil a fundamental knowledge of chemical structure and reactivity, with particular focus on concepts that provide an understanding of why chemical reactions proceed and how this understanding may be applied to the chemical processes in biological systems.

CHEM 191 is a required part of the Health Sciences First Year programme at Otago and is a prerequisite paper for a number of other science courses.

CHEM 191 first semester: It provides an introduction to concepts influencing chemical reactions in biological systems including

  • Concepts of Chemical Bonding
  • Thermodynamics/energetics of biological systems
  • Properties of water
  • Reaction rates and chemical equilibria
  • Metals in biology - electron transfer, complexation
  • Organic/carbon-based compounds - stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms, functional groups, polymers
  • Biological molecules - carbohydrates, amino acids, nucleic acids, nucleic acids, proteins/enzymes
CHEM 191 Summer School: This is a course designed to enable students who failed CHEM 191 in the first semester of the previous year to pass the paper and allow them to proceed to other courses that have CHEM 191 as a prerequisite.

Paper title The Chemical Basis of Biology and Human Health
Paper code CHEM191
Subject Chemistry
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period(s) First Semester, Summer School
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $1,038.45
International Tuition Fees (NZD) $4,492.80

^ Top of page

Restriction
CHEM 112
Schedule C
Science
Notes
(i) It is strongly recommended that students enrolling in CHEM191 have a minimum of 14 credits in NCEA Level 3 Chemistry (or equivalent). (ii) CHEM191 may be taken at the 2018 Summer School only by students who passed the laboratory assessment for CHEM191 in 2017, but failed the paper overall.
Eligibility
First semester: There are no specific entrance requirements for students taking CHEM 191. However, having gained at least 14 credits at NCEA Level 3 (or equivalent) in chemistry is strongly recommended.

Summer School: This course can only be taken by students who were enrolled in CHEM191 in the first semester of the previous year, but failed the paper. Students must have passed the CHEM 191 lab requirements (at least 7.5 out of the maximum of 15 marks) in the previous year.
Enrolments for this paper in Summer School require departmental permission. View more information about departmental permission.
Contact
First semester: chem191.admin@otago.ac.nz

Summer School: dwarren@chemistry.otago.ac.nz
Teaching staff
First semester:
Course Co-ordinator: Dr David McMorran
Lecturers: Professor Lyall Hanton, Associate Professor James Crowley,Dr Bill Hawkins Dr Dave Warren, Professor David Larsen, Dr Eng Tan, Dr Alan Hayman, Dr Alan Carne, Associate Professor Craig Marshall, Dr Allan Gamble, Dr Andrea Vernall, Professor Warren Tate

Summer School
Course Co-ordinator: Dr Dave Warren
Paper Structure
First semester - Provides an introduction to concepts influencing chemical reactions including:
  • Concepts of chemical bonding
  • Thermodynamics and Equilibria
  • Acid-Base and Electron Transfer Reactions - roles of metal ions in biology
  • Reaction rates
  • Organic/carbon-based compounds - stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms, functional groups, polymers
  • Biological molecules - saccharides, amino acids, nucleic acids, proteins/enzymes
Summer School - Lectures cover:
  • Structure and bonding
  • Energetics and equilibria in biological systems
  • Reaction rates
  • Electron transfer reactions
  • Carbon chemistry
  • Introduction to biological molecules
Teaching Arrangements
First semester:
  • The course comprises 43 lectures and six 3-hour laboratories
  • Attendance of laboratories is compulsory
  • A terms test will be held on a Saturday morning around the middle of the semester
Summer School:
  • The course comprises 36 lectures covering five modules
  • There are two guest lecturers and several revision lectures
  • There are eleven 1-hour tutorials (two per week)
  • There will also be a 1-hour terms test
  • There is NO lab component to Summer School CHEM 191 as you carry over the marks that you were awarded for lab work in your previous year's CHEM 191 course
Textbooks
Chemistry: The Central Science - Brown, LeMay, Bursten, Murphy, Woodward, Langford, Sagatys & George.

Students can purchase either the physical book, with access to Mastering Chemistry (ISBN-13: 9781486042463)
Or
An electronic version of the text, readable on computers and tablets. Two versions of this are available:
  • The first provides online 24-month access to the eText and Mastering Chemistry (ISBN 9781442563896)
  • The second allows for download of the eText (so you have it forever) and access to Mastering Chemistry (ISBN 9781442559462 and 9781442563902)
Note that the textbook is highly recommended for CHEM 191 and CHEM 111, but not essential. You are not required to have a copy of the book, but it will be referred to in lectures.
Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Interdisciplinary perspective, Lifelong learning, Communication, Critical thinking.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes
  • Apply an understanding of chemical structures and processes to biological systems
  • Write chemical equations to describe reactions
  • Use knowledge of chemical bonding and reaction mechanisms to predict and rationalise the outcome of chemical reactions
  • Use mathematical procedures to analyse data and solve chemistry problems
  • Safely use appropriate apparatus to carry out chemistry reactions in the laboratory

^ Top of page

Timetable

First Semester

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Lecture

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
L1 Tuesday 08:00-08:50 9-13, 15-22
L2 Tuesday 13:00-13:50 9-13, 15-22
L3 Tuesday 13:00-13:50 9-13, 15-22
L4 Tuesday 15:00-15:50 9-13, 15-22
L5 Tuesday 15:00-15:50 9-13, 15-22
AND one stream from
M1 Wednesday 08:00-08:50 9-13, 15-16, 18-22
M2 Wednesday 13:00-13:50 9-13, 15-16, 18-22
M3 Wednesday 13:00-13:50 9-13, 15-16, 18-22
M4 Wednesday 15:00-15:50 9-13, 15-16, 18-22
M5 Wednesday 15:00-15:50 9-13, 15-16, 18-22
AND one stream from
N1 Thursday 08:00-08:50 9-13, 15-22
N2 Thursday 13:00-13:50 9-13, 15-22
N3 Thursday 13:00-13:50 9-13, 15-22
N4 Thursday 15:00-15:50 9-13, 15-22
N5 Thursday 15:00-15:50 9-13, 15-22
AND one stream from
O1 Friday 08:00-08:50 9-12, 15-22
O2 Friday 13:00-13:50 9-12, 15-22
O3 Friday 13:00-13:50 9-12, 15-22
O4 Friday 15:00-15:50 9-12, 15-22
O5 Friday 15:00-15:50 9-12, 15-22

Practical

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
P1 Monday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21
P2 Monday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P3 Monday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21
P4 Monday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P5 Tuesday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21
P6 Tuesday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P7 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21
P8 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P9 Wednesday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 15, 19, 21
Friday 09:00-11:50 17
P10 Wednesday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P11 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 15, 19, 21
Friday 14:00-16:50 17
P12 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P13 Tuesday 18:00-20:50 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21
P14 Tuesday 18:00-20:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P15 Thursday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21
P16 Thursday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P17 Thursday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21
P18 Thursday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22
P19 Thursday 18:00-20:50 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 21
P20 Thursday 18:00-20:50 11, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22

Summer School

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Lecture

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend
A1 Monday 10:00-11:50 2-7
Tuesday 10:00-11:50 2-5, 7
Wednesday 10:00-11:50 2-7
Thursday 10:00-11:50 2-7
Friday 10:00-11:50 7

Tutorial

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
T1 Monday 14:00-14:50 3-7
Wednesday 14:00-14:50 2-7
T2 Monday 15:00-15:50 3-7
Wednesday 15:00-15:50 2-7