An introduction to the structure and function of the musculoskeletal, nervous, endocrine and immune systems in the human body.
We all take for granted that our body functions within a normal range whether we are sitting at a desk or climbing through the bush on a hot day. Our body achieves this using the principles of homeostasis. In HUBS 191 understanding these principles provides the foundation for the paper. You will investigate homeostasis from the perspective of movement (Human Movement and Sensation), hormones (Endocrine system) and response to injury (Immune System) using conceptual learning about the structure (Anatomy) and function (Physiology) of these systems. The paper integrates this material to help you understand how and why your body operates as such an efficient machine over such a wide range of conditions.
|Paper title||Human Body Systems 1|
|Subject||Human Body Systems|
|Teaching period||First Semester|
|Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD)||$1,038.45|
|International Tuition Fees (NZD)||$4,680.00|
- ANAT 120, PHSE 191
- Schedule C
- Anatomy and Physiology, Patton and Thibodeau, 8th edn., (Elsevier, 2013)
- Graduate Attributes Emphasised
- Global perpective, Interdisciplinary perspective, Lifelong learning, Scholarship,
Communication, Critical thinking, Cultural understanding, Ethics, Environmental literacy,
Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
- Learning Outcomes
- HUBS 191 gives you the essential building blocks of knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. This knowledge will underpin your further study in a wide range of Health Science disciplines. These include science majors and minors, as well as providing access to a range of Professional Health Science qualifications and Physical Education.
- Essential for Health Sciences First Year; BSc majors in Anatomy, Physiology, Neuroscience, Human Nutrition and Microbiology; and BBiomedSc majors in Functional Human Biology, Infection and Immunity, Reproduction, Genetics and Development, Molecular Basis of Health and Disease, Drugs and Human Health and Nutrition and Metabolism in Human Health.
- Course Administrator: Mr Philip Kelly Professional Practice Fellow
- More information link
- View more information on the Department of Physiology's website
- Teaching staff
- Academic Course Convenor: Professor Ruth
Anatomy Modules Convenor: Dr Brad Hurren
Physiology Modules Convenor: Professor Ruth Empson
Lecturers include: Professor Ruth Empson, Philip Kelly, Dr Phil Heyward, Dr Regis Lamberts, Associate Professor Fiona McDonald, Dr Joanna Kirman, Associate Professor Christine Jasoni, Dr Brad Hurren, Dr Louise Parr-Brownlie, Professor Hallie Buckley, Abigail Walker, Associate Professor Alexander McLellan and Associate Professor Bruce Russell
- Paper Structure
- Human Body Systems I - HUBS 191
This paper introduces the fundamental concepts of the disciplines of anatomy, physiology and immunology. Specific topics studied include homeostasis; the musculoskeletal, nervous and endocrine systems; and immunology.
The prescribed text is Anatomy and Physiology, Patton and Thibodeau, 8th edn., (Elsevier, 2013). Self-directed learning is an important aspect of this paper, and students are expected to prepare for lectures by reading specified sections from the text.
Teaching Hours: There are a total of 68 hours of formal teaching, split between lectures (50 hours) and laboratories (18 hours).
Lectures: There are four 1-hour lectures each week, and the paper runs for the entire semester. Four 'revision and integration' lectures are held during the semester. Lectures are delivered by staff members from the departments of Anatomy, Physiology and Immunology. Lectures are interlinked, and videorecordings and livestreaming are available to students via Blackboard.
Laboratories: One 3-hour laboratory each fortnight (total of six lab sessions). All laboratories are compulsory and are terms requirements.
Guided Learning Modules (GLMs): Students are provided online GLM documents to work through in their own time before completing an online test via Blackboard. There are four GLMs in HUBS 191, each contributing 2% to the final grade.
Terms Tests: There are two terms tests during the semester. Each consists of 25 multiple-choice questions to be completed within 30 minutes. Attendance at both tests is compulsory to meet terms requirements.
- Laboratories - 6% (1% each)
- GLMs - 8% (2% each)
- Terms Test 1 - 6%
- Terms Test 2 - 10%
- Final Exam - 70%
HUBS 191 Curriculum - Lectures
Introduction, Levels of Organisation
- Introduction to HUBS 191
- The importance of the internal environment and the concept of homeostasis
- Homeostatic control: Physiological control systems
- Anatomical terms
- Bones - Structure of the skeleton
- Bone tissue - Microscopic structure
- Bone tissue - Cellular activity
- Joints - Structures involved in joints
- Joints - Structures of synovial joints
- Movement of synovial joints
- Muscle - Structure and function
- Muscles - Actions and roles
- Muscle - Form and concentric action
- Complex movements
- Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement: Revision and integration
- Cells and organisation of the nervous system
- Divisions of the nervous system
- Anatomy and function of the spinal cord and spinal nerves
- Support and protection of the nervous system
- Structure and layout of major brain areas; basic sensory and motor pathways
- Bioelectricity - Membrane potentials in neurones
- Bioelectricity - Action potentials in neurones
- Bioelectricity - The synapse
- Bioelectricity - Network integration
- Skeletal muscle: Structure and function
- Skeletal muscle: Function, energy and types
- Cardiac and smooth muscle: Comparison of functional differences
- Sensory functions: Sensory receptors and the somatosensory cortex
- Somatic control: Voluntary and reflex control of movement
- Autonomic control: Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
- Integrating and Co-ordinating Roles of the Nervous System: Revision and integration
- What are hormones, and how do they work?
- Pancreatic Islets: How does the body regulate the storage and release of fuel?
- The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus: What is the connection?
- How are growth and metabolism controlled?
- Adrenal glands and stress
- How does the body regulate basal metabolic rate (BMR) and the concentration of calcium?
- Homeostasis in action
- Endocrine: Revision and integration
- Introduction to immunology and the immune system
- Innate Immunity I: Mechanical and chemical barriers and inflammation and fever
- Innate Immunity II: Toll-like receptors, phagocytosis and complement
- Elements of adaptive immunity
- T lymphocytes (T cells)
- B Lymphocytes (B cells) and antibodies
- Antibody-mediated (humoral) immune response
- Immune responses to bacterial pathogens
- Immune responses to viral pathogens
- Allergies, autoimmunity and immunodeficiency
- Overview Immune Response: Revision and integration
- Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement 1 Orientation to the HUBS laboratory and Health and Safety; legal and ethical issues; basic human tissue types; anatomical terminology and the human skeleton.
- Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement 2 Structure and functions of joints; selected muscles of the upper and lower limb; dissection of deer knee joint.*
- Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System Gross and microscopic organisation of the peripheral and central nervous system; neural pathways involved in reflex and voluntary movements.*
- Sensory and Motor Physiology Physiology of nervous system; coding of sensory information; properties of sensory receptors for touch and temperature; properties of peripheral nerves and skeletal muscle; recording an EMG; calculation of nerve conduction velocity.
- Principles of Homeostasis Physiological control systems; neural control of core body temperature; hormonal control of plasma glucose; neural control of pupillary diameter.
- Immunology Innate and adaptive immune responses; how host immune responses can lead to destruction of invading microbes; laboratory measurement of immune responses.
- Teaching Arrangements
- You will attend four lectures each week. Lectures are also video streamed and recorded. You will participate in a 3-hour laboratory session on alternate weeks.