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Dr Anna Carr

Senior Lecturer Co-Director, Centre for Recreation ResearchAnna Carr 2017 LoRes

Office: Commerce 2.46
Tel: 64 3 479 8057
Email: anna.carr@otago.ac.nz

Read more about Anna on the CRR Otago website.

Anna Carr is a senior lecturer and course coordinator for TOUR301, TOUR306, and TOUR416. She serves as the Department representative on the School's Research Committee and is Kaiawhina Māori for the Tourism Department. External editorial board appointments are with Tourism in Marine Environments, Journal of Ecotourism and the Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Background

Before academia Anna was owner-operator of two adventure tourism businesses. She had several years’ experience working in various tourism businesses and NZ national parks for the Departments of Conservation and Lands and Survey. From 2008 she was co-director of the Centre for Recreation Research with Dr Brent Lovelock. Since early 2014 she has been a government Ministerial appointment to the Otago Conservation Board. Anna has been a visiting researcher at the University of Stavanger (Norway), University of Edinburgh (UK), Harstad Hogskollin (Norway), University of Alberta and University of Northern British Columbia (Canada).

Current Research Projects

Co-investigator with Dr Courtney Mason, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, and William Snow, Nakoda First Nations, SSHRC Insight Development Grant, Canadian Government “Contested Boundaries, Indigenous Peoples, Tourism and Protected Areas in Canada and New Zealand”.  (2017 - present).

Associate Investigator with Primary Investigator Dr Anne Ford, Professor Glenn Summerhayes (Dept. of Anthropology and Archaeology), Nyssa Mildwaters (Otago Museum), “Promoting Cultural Heritage for Sustainable Tourism Development”, New Zealand Institute for Pacific Research, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.  (2017 - present).

Associate Investigator Nga Pae o Te Maramatanga The intergenerational reality for Māori Small and medium sized enterprises (SME): Building resilience of Māori SMEs for the future. Affairs and Trade. (2016-present)

Member and Steering Committee, Integrated Catchment Management Theme (University of Otago (Professors P. Seddon, G. Closs and K. Dickinson theme leaders). (2015).

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Research interests

Anna has published internationally in peer reviewed academic journal and been invited as a chapter contributor to numerous edited books. Her current research interests are focused on three areas.

  1. Environmental management of tourism: This research focuses on ecotourism, ecopreneurship and sustainable SMTEs. From 1999 to 2002 Anna worked alongside Professor James Higham on a nationwide FRST funded project investigating Ecotourism in New Zealand: profiling visitors to New Zealand ecotourism operations. In 2005 Anna had an Otago Research Grant to study Māori owned nature tourism businesses.
  2. Recreation: Anna’s interests here surround wilderness recreation planning and the history of alpine and polar region recreation. From 2009-2010 she has undertaken numerous externally funded projects in this area. Anna received SPARC (SportNZ) funding for a project on ‘Family preferences, experiences and benefits associated with outdoor in Aotearoa’ (Project Leader: Anna Thompson) and was co investigator on two other projects ‘Immigrants and the Outdoors’ (Project Leader: Brent Lovelock) and ‘Enduring Participation in Outdoor Recreation’ (Project Leader: Brent Lovelock). Other notable research included visitor studies commissioned by the Department of Conservation in the Hakatere, Ahuriri and Ruataniwha Conservation Parks.
  3. Cultural landscapes and cultural tourism development: Anna’s PhD (1998-2004) examined the management of visitors’ experiences of cultural landscapes in New Zealand. As a result she was an invited director of Te Ana Whakairo (Māori Rock Art Centre Trust) from 2007-2011. She continues to study how cultural identity influences tourism development and land management through cultural values for landscapes, visitor demand for cultural tourism, cultural tourism entrepreneurship and cross cultural visitor interpretation. Recently she collaborated on a book chapter exploring cultural dissonance and indigenous peoples with Canadian researchers. In 2012-2013 she was awarded an Otago Research Grant as Principal investigator with Diane Ruwhiu (Management). The ORG will explore Māori business networks.       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Completed research projects (recent)

Principal investigator NZ Women in Leadership and Kate Edgar Educational Charitable Trust (KEECT) competitive grant, Value of Academic Service. 2014-2016.

Publications in progress

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L. , M. Whitford and B.Lane (editors), Routledge, “Sustainable Tourism and Indigenous Peoples” based on Journal of Sustainable Tourism Special Issue, forthcoming August 2017.

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PhD supervision: current

Arif Hoque, (February 2016-) Indigenous tourism development in Bangladesh, University of Otago International Scholarship recipient, (secondary supervisor, Lovelock: Thompson 50:50).

Steve Parker (February 2016-) Yoga tourism and masculine identities, University of Otago national scholarship recipient, (primary supervisor, Thompson: Filep 50:50 and Boyes, M. advisor).

Zhu, Lei (2016-); Chinese visitors and nature tourism interpretation. University of Otago International Scholarship recipient, Centre for Science Communication (October 2016- Davis 70%, Carr 30% secondary supervisor).

Prasetyo,N. (2014-) Dive tourism and indigenous Traditional Ecological Knowledge; a case study of Raja Ampat Indonesia, (primary supervisor, Thompson and Filep 50:50)

Kutzner, D. (2014-) Climate Change and nature tourism sector responsiveness, (primary supervisor, Thompson Higham 50:50)

Massacesi, C. (2014-) Community empowerment and land governance, (secondary supervisor, Lovelock Thompson 50:50)

Johansen, K. (2013-) WOOFERS: Volunteer Tourism or Service Learning?An Examination of Sustainable Food Consumption and Alternative Food Network Participation Trends Pre and Post Experience (primary supervisor, Thompson Duncan 50:50)

Kro, G. (2012-) Mum-preneurs – perceptions and experiences of entrepreneurial success, (Secondary supervisor, Aitken: Thompson 50:50).

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PhD supervision: completed

Hagen, S. (2017) Mountain Bike Affect Mud, Mayhem, Mountain Bikes and Moustaches.

Cavaliere, C. (2014), Agro-ecoforestry and ecotourism.

Whitney-Squire, K. (2014) The Role of Language in Sustainable Community - based on Aboriginal Tourism Development.

Ananayo, Jovel (2013) World Heritage Management and Stakeholder collaboration/perception - The Ifuago Rice Terraces, the Philippines

Boonabaana, B. (2012), Entrepreneurial women in community based tourism in Uganda, Lecturer at Makarere University, Uganda.

Carnicelli Filho, S. (2011) White-water rafting guides and emotional labour, now Lecturer at University of Western Scotland.

Chaderopa, C. (2011) Social Space and Grand Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area, University of Otago international scholarship recipient. Lecturer at Waiareki Polytechnic.

Taylor, S. (2010) Mountain bikers and Destination Choice Theory, Researcher University of Highlands and Islands, Fort William.

Reis, A. (2010) Stewart Island wildlife tourism interactions, Post Doctoral Research Fellow Southern Cross University, Australia, 2011.

Amoamo, M. (2009) Cultural Tourism and Regional Identity, Awarded Post Doctoral Fellowship, Te Tumu, University of Otago, 2010-2012.

Haase, D. (2008) Monitoring Tourism in Antarctica, awarded December 2008 Academic Dean’s List. Lecturer at University of Canterbury.

Grahn, A. (2011) Edu-cultural tourists in Africa, Lecturer at University of Stavanger.  

Masters supervision: completed

H. Cao, Taught Masters in Tourism thesis Chinese Demand for Great Walks, October 2016-March 2017

Han Zhang, Taught Masters in Tourism thesis Dark Sky Tourism and the Chinese Visitor Market, October 2016-March 2017

V Leslie. Reaching for the Stars, an examination of Dark Sky tourism, 2013-2014. 

T Staffeld. Experiences of the Central Otago Rail Trail, 2012-2013. 

Breidi Hodge. Prison Tourism: Cashing in on Crime, 2011-2012.

Tupe Tagamoa. Samoa and Ecotourism, 2009-2010.

Magnus Kjelsberg. Aircraft management and recreational experiences in Aoraki Mt Cook National Park, 2008-2009.

Gillian Stein. Transport access in the Catlins, 2007-2008.

Iklee Ismail. Ecotourism in the Maldives, 2007-2008.

Fiona MacDonald. SMEs and Business Planning (Ministry of Tourism scholarship recipient).

Dan Benn. Wellness Tourism, 2005-2008.

Gerald Sides. Genealogy Tourism, 2005-2007.

Yuthasak Chatkaewnapanon. A tourism historiography of Koh Samui.

Michael Grace. Antarctic Gateways - Hobart and Christchurch, 2004-2005.

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Publications

Whitford, M., Ruhanen, L., & Carr, A. (Eds.). (2017). Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. Oxford, UK: Goodfellow, 246p.

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., Whitford, M., & Lane, B. (Eds.). (2017). Sustainable tourism and indigenous peoples. Abingdon, UK: Routeldge, 318p.

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., & Whitford, M. (2017). Indigenous peoples and tourism: The challenges and opportunities for sustainable tourism. In A. Carr, L. Ruhanen, M. Whitford & B. Lane (Eds.), Sustainable tourism and indigenous peoples. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Carr, A. (2017). Maori tourism in New Zealand. In M. Whitford, L. Ruhanen & A. Carr (Eds.), Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. (pp. 145-161). Oxford, UK: Goodfellow.

Whitford, M., Ruhanen, L., & Carr, A. (2017). Introduction to indigenous tourism in Australia and New Zealand. In M. Whitford, L. Ruhanen & A. Carr (Eds.), Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. (pp. 1-8). Oxford, UK: Goodfellow.

Edited Book - Research

Whitford, M., Ruhanen, L., & Carr, A. (Eds.). (2017). Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. Oxford, UK: Goodfellow, 246p.

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., Whitford, M., & Lane, B. (Eds.). (2017). Sustainable tourism and indigenous peoples. Abingdon, UK: Routeldge, 318p.

Mostafanezhad, M., Norum, R., Shelton, E. J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (Eds.). (2016). Political ecology of tourism: Community, power and the environment. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 328p.

Musa, G., Higham, J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (Eds.). (2015). Mountaineering tourism. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 358p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., & Whitford, M. (2017). Indigenous peoples and tourism: The challenges and opportunities for sustainable tourism. In A. Carr, L. Ruhanen, M. Whitford & B. Lane (Eds.), Sustainable tourism and indigenous peoples. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Whitford, M., Ruhanen, L., & Carr, A. (2017). Introduction to indigenous tourism in Australia and New Zealand. In M. Whitford, L. Ruhanen & A. Carr (Eds.), Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. (pp. 1-8). Oxford, UK: Goodfellow.

Carr, A. (2017). Maori tourism in New Zealand. In M. Whitford, L. Ruhanen & A. Carr (Eds.), Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. (pp. 145-161). Oxford, UK: Goodfellow.

Norum, R., Mostafanezhad, M., Shelton, E. J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (2016). Conclusion: Towards future intersections of tourism studies and political ecology. In M. Mostafanezhad, R. Norum, E. J. Shelton & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Political ecology of tourism: Community, power and the environment. (pp. 302-308). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Mostafanezhad, M., Norum, R., Shelton, E. J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (2016). Introduction. In M. Mostafanezhad, R. Norum, E. J. Shelton & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Political ecology of tourism: Community, power and the environment. (pp. 1-21). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Thompson-Carr, A. (2016). Introduction to communities and power. In M. Mostafanezhad, R. Norum, E. J. Shelton & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Political ecology of tourism: Community, power and the environment. (pp. 25-30). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Musa, G., Thompson-Carr, A., & Higham, J. (2015). Mountaineering tourism: Looking to the horizon. In G. Musa, J. Higham & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism. (pp. 328-348). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Thompson-Carr, A. (2015). Guided mountaineering. In G. Musa, J. Higham & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism. (pp. 85-100). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Higham, J., Thompson-Carr, A., & Musa, G. (2015). Mountaineering tourism: Activity, people and place. In G. Musa, J. Higham & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism. (pp. 1-16). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Lemelin, R. H., Thompson-Carr, A., Johnston, M., Stewart, E., & Dawson, J. (2013). Indigenous people: Discussing the forgotten dimension of dark tourism and battlefield tourism. In D. K. Müller, L. Lundmark & R. H. Lemelin (Eds.), New issues in polar tourism: Communities, environments, politics. (pp. 205-215). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-5884-1

Thompson-Carr, A. (2013). Māori tourism: A case study of managing indigenous cultural values. In M. Smith & G. Richards (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of cultural tourism. (pp. 227-235). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Thompson, A. (2011). Transforming merino country in the MacKenzie. In J. Ruru, J. Stephenson & M. Abbot (Eds.), Making our place: Exploring land-use tensions in Aotearoa New Zealand. (pp. 159-171). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Liggett, D., McIntosh, A., Thompson, A., Storey, B., & Gilbert, N. (2010). Stakeholder perspectives on the governance of Antarctic cruise tourism. In M. Lück, P. T. Maher & E. J. Stewart (Eds.), Cruise tourism in Polar regions: Promoting environmental and social sustainability? (pp. 167-180). London: Earthscan.

Carr, A. (2008). Kayak. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 261-262). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Maritime museum. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 311-312). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Sea Kayak Operators' Association of New Zealand (SKOANZ). In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 415). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Cultural landscape values as a heritage tourism resource. In B. Prideaux, D. J. Timothy & K. Chon (Eds.), Cultural and heritage tourism in Asia and the Pacific. (pp. 35-48). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Carr, A. (2008). Sea kayaking. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 415-416). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Waka. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 511). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Orams, M., & Carr, A. (2008). Marine ecotourism. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 288-290). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2007). Māori nature tourism businesses: Connecting with the land. In R. Butler & T. Hinch (Eds.), Tourism and indigenous peoples: Issues and implications. (pp. 113-127). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Carr, A. (2007). Negotiating the obstacles: Owner/operator perspectives on 'nature' tourism in New Zealand. In J. Higham (Ed.), Critical issues in ecotourism: Understanding a complex tourism phenomenon. (pp. 406-427). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Carr, A. (2006). Lakes, myths and legends: The relationship between tourism and cultural values for water in Aotearoa / New Zealand. In C. M. Hall & T. Härkönen (Eds.), Lake tourism: An integrated approach to lacustrine tourism systems. (pp. 83-100). Clevedon: Channel View Publications.

Carr, A. (2004). New Zealand: Overview of SMEs in tourism. In A. Morrison & R. Thomas (Eds.), SMEs in tourism: An international review. (pp. 47-51). Arnhem, The Netherlands: Association for Leisure and Tourism Education.

Carr, A. (2003). Certification. In J. M. Jenkins & J. J. Pigram (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation. (pp. 47-48). London: Routledge.

Carr, A. (2003). Accreditation. In J. M. Jenkins & J. J. Pigram (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation. (pp. 4). London: Routledge.

Higham, J. E. S., & Carr, A. (2003). The scope and scale of ecotourism in New Zealand: A review and consideration of current policy initiatives. In D. A. Fennell & R. K. Dowling (Eds.), Ecotourism policy and planning. (pp. 235-254). Wallingford, Oxon: CABI Publishing.

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Chapter in Book - Other

Carr, A. (2007). Mountain places, cultural spaces: The interpretation of culturally significant landscapes [Reprint from Carr, A. (2004). Mountain places, cultural spaces: The interpretation of culturally significant landscapes. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12, 432-459.]. In D. J. Timothy (Ed.), Managing heritage and cultural tourism resources: Critical essays (Vol. 1). (pp. 75-102). Farnham, UK: Ashgate.

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Journal - Research Article

Lovelock, B., Walters, T., Jellum, C., & Thompson-Carr, A. (2016). The participation of children, adolescents, and young adults in nature-based recreation. Leisure Sciences, 38(5), 441-460. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2016.1151388

Lovelock, B., Jellum, C., & Carr, A. (2016). Pulling the pin on active outdoor leisure: Building an understanding of leisure abandonment from the narratives of outdoor recreationists. Leisure Sciences. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2016.1229640

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., & Whitford, M. (2016). Indigenous peoples and tourism: The challenges and opportunities for sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(8-9), 1067-1079. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2016.1206112

Lovelock, B., Jellum, C., Thompson, A., & Lovelock, K. (2013). Could immigrants care less about the environment? A comparison of the environmental values of immigrant and native-born New Zealanders. Society & Natural Resources, 26(4), 402-419. doi: 10.1080/08941920.2012.697979

Thompson-Carr, A. (2012). Aoraki/Mt Cook and the Mackenzie Basin’s transition from wilderness to tourist place. Journal of Tourism Consumption & Practice, 4(1), 30-58.

Lovelock, B., Lovelock, K., Jellum, C., & Thompson, A. (2012). Immigrants’ experiences of nature-based recreation in New Zealand. Annals of Leisure Research, 15(3), 204-226. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2012.716618

Reis, A. C., Thompson-Carr, A., & Lovelock, B. (2012). Parks and families: Addressing management facilitators and constraints to outdoor recreation participation. Annals of Leisure Research, 15(4), 315-334. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2012.737299

Liggett, D., McIntosh, A., Thompson, A., Gilbert, N., & Storey, B. (2011). From frozen continent to tourism hotspot? Five decades of Antarctic tourism development and management, and a glimpse into the future. Tourism Management, 32(2), 357-366. doi: 10.1016/j.tourman.2010.03.005

Lovelock, K., Lovelock, B., Jellum, C., & Thompson, A. (2011). In search of belonging: Immigrant experiences of outdoor nature-based settings in New Zealand. Leisure Studies, 30(4), 513-529. doi: 10.1080/02614367.2011.623241

Amoamo, M., & Thompson, A. (2010). (re)Imaging Māori tourism: Representation and cultural hybridity in postcolonial New Zealand. Tourist Studies, 10(1), 35-55. doi: 10.1177/1468797610390989

Thompson, A., Lovelock, B., Reis, A., Kjelsberg, M., Sides, G., Wright, R., & Jellum, C. (2009). Traditional livelihoods, conservation and recreation: Reflections on managing visitation in New Zealand conservation parks. Tourismos, 4(4), 163-179.

MacDonald, F., Thompson, A., & Lovelock, B. (2008). Back of the envelope: Small and medium tourism enterprises' approaches and attitudes to planning. Tourism Recreation Research, 33(3), 265-276.

Haase, D., Storey, B., McIntosh, A., Carr, A., & Gilbert, N. (2007). Stakeholder perspectives on regulatory aspects of Antarctic tourism. Tourism in Marine Environments, 4(2-3), 167-183.

Carr, A. (2004). Mountain places, cultural spaces: The interpretation of culturally significant landscapes. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12(5), 432-459.

Higham, J. E. S., & Carr, A. (2003). Sustainable wildlife tourism in New Zealand: An analysis of visitor experiences. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 8, 25-36.

Higham, J. E. S., & Carr, A. (2003). Defining ecotourism in New Zealand: Differentiating between the defining parameters within a national/regional context. Journal of Ecotourism, 2(1), 17-32.

Higham, J. E. S., & Carr, A. (2002). Ecotourism visitor experiences in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Challenging the environmental values of visitors in pursuit of pro-environmental behaviour. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10(4), 277-295.

Higham, J. E. S., & Carr, A. (2002). Profiling tourists to ecotourism attractions. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(4), 1168-1171.

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