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Dr Susan Houge Mackenzie

Office: Commerce 2.32
Tel: TBC
Email: susan.hougemackenzie@otago.ac.nz

BackgroundSusan Houge Mackenzie webpage photo

Susan Houge Mackenzie, PhD, is a Lecturer in the Department of Tourism. Her research integrates psychology and tourism by developing and applying positive psychology theories, such as flow, self-determination theory, and reversal theory, to adventure tourism, sport, recreation, and education contexts. Her primary research focuses on links between nature-based adventure and well-being for tourists, recreationalists, tourism guides, and host communities. Her research also focuses on translating theoretical developments into practical applications for tourism guides and the tourism industry. Susan employs a range of methodologies to study how adventure experiences unfold and their long-term impacts, including survey research, autoethnography, and stimulated recall using head-mounted cameras. Additional projects include investigations of how outdoor adventure can promote engagement and intrinsic motivation in physical activity and science education.

Susan’s interests in outdoor adventure, sport, and psychological well-being stem from ten years of whitewater riversurfing guiding in New Zealand, the US and Chile, and competitive soccer experiences in the US, New Zealand, Australia and Spain. She has applied these experiences to develop risk management guidelines for adventure operations; conduct mental skill training workshops for elite youth athletes; and to provide consulting for: government and tourism agencies, the New Zealand riverboarding industry, tour operators in the Galapagos Islands, the History Channel, and the United States Forest Service.

To learn more about Susan's research and projects, use the following links:

Academia.edu: https://otago.academia.edu/SusanHougeMackenzie

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Publications

Brymer, E., & Houge Mackenzie, S. (2017). Psychology and the extreme sport experience. In F. Feletti (Ed.), Extreme sports medicine. (pp. 3-13). Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28265-7_1

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. (2017). Co-creation and experience brokering in guided adventure tours. In S. Filep, J. Laing & M. Csikszentmihalyi (Eds.), Positive tourism. (pp. 185-201). Taylor & Francis. doi: 10.4324/9781315707129

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. H. (2017). Positive motivational experience over a three-day outdoor adventure trek in Peru. Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning, 17(1), 4-17. doi: 10.1080/14729679.2016.1189837

Houge Mackenzie, S., Schwab, K., Higgins, L., Greenwood, P. B., Goldenberg, M., Greenwood, J., & Hendricks, W. W. (2017). From social media to the outdoors: Exploring messages that connect with underserved urban youth. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, & Leadership, 9(2), 137-151. doi: 10.18666/JOREL-2017-V9-I2-8231

Battista, R., West, S. T., Houge Mackenzie, S., & Son, J. (2016). Is this exercise? No, it's geocaching! Exploring factors related to aspects of geocaching participation. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 34(2), 30-48. doi: 10.18666/JPRA-2016-V34-I2-6495

Chapter in Book - Research

Brymer, E., & Houge Mackenzie, S. (2017). Psychology and the extreme sport experience. In F. Feletti (Ed.), Extreme sports medicine. (pp. 3-13). Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28265-7_1

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. (2017). Co-creation and experience brokering in guided adventure tours. In S. Filep, J. Laing & M. Csikszentmihalyi (Eds.), Positive tourism. (pp. 185-201). Taylor & Francis. doi: 10.4324/9781315707129

Brymer, E., & Houge Mackenzie, S. (2015). The impact of extreme sports on host communities’ psychological growth and development. In Y. Reisinger (Ed.), Transformational tourism: Host perspectives. (pp. 129-140). CABI.

Houge Mackenzie, S. (2015). Mountaineering tourism experience and the protective frame: A reversal theory perspective. In G. Musa, J. Higham & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism. (pp. 186-197). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781315769202

Houge Mackenzie, S. (2015). The evolution of adventure tourism in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Current trends & future issues. In R. Black & K. S. Bricker (Eds.), Adventure programming and travel for the 21st century. (pp. 27-34). Venture Publishing.

Boyes, M., & Houge Mackenzie, S. (2015). Concepts of the wilderness experience and adventure mountaineering tourism. In G. Musa, J. Higham & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism. (pp. 66-84). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

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Journal - Research Article

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. H. (2017). Positive motivational experience over a three-day outdoor adventure trek in Peru. Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning, 17(1), 4-17. doi: 10.1080/14729679.2016.1189837

Houge Mackenzie, S., Schwab, K., Higgins, L., Greenwood, P. B., Goldenberg, M., Greenwood, J., & Hendricks, W. W. (2017). From social media to the outdoors: Exploring messages that connect with underserved urban youth. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, & Leadership, 9(2), 137-151. doi: 10.18666/JOREL-2017-V9-I2-8231

Battista, R., West, S. T., Houge Mackenzie, S., & Son, J. (2016). Is this exercise? No, it's geocaching! Exploring factors related to aspects of geocaching participation. Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 34(2), 30-48. doi: 10.18666/JPRA-2016-V34-I2-6495

Clough, P., Houge Mackenzie, S., Mallabon, L., & Brymer, E. (2016). Adventurous physical activity environments: A mainstream intervention for mental health. Sports Medicine, 46(7), 963-968. doi: 10.1007/s40279-016-0503-3

Karp, G. G., Houge Mackenzie, S., Son, J. S., Brown, H., & Kern, A. L. (2016). Facilitating collaborative interdisciplinary research: Exploring process and implications for leisure scholars. Leisure/Loisir, 40(2), 201-223. doi: 10.1080/14927713.2016.1220259

Houge Mackenzie, S., Son, J. S., & Hollenhorst, S. (2014). Unifying psychology and experiential education: Toward an integrated understanding of why it works. Journal of Experiential Education, 37(1), 75-88. doi: 10.1177/1053825913518894

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. H. (2014). The psychological experience of river guiding: Exploring the protective frame and implications for guide well-being. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 19(1), 5-27. doi: 10.1080/14775085.2014.967796

Kerr, J. H., & Houge Mackenzie, S. (2014). Confidence frames and the mastery of new challenges in the motivation of an expert skydiver. Sport Psychologist, 28(3), 221-232. doi: 10.1123/tsp.2013-0069

Hollenhorst, S. J., Houge-Mackenzie, S., & Ostergren, D. M. (2014). The trouble with tourism. Tourism Recreation Research, 39(3), 305-319. doi: 10.1080/02508281.2014.11087003

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. H. (2013). Can't we all just get along? Emotions and the team guiding experience in adventure tourism. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 2(2), 85-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jdmm.2013.03.003

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. H. (2013). Stress and emotions at work: An adventure tourism guide's experiences. Tourism Management, 36, 3-14. doi: 10.1016/j.tourman.2012.10.018

Houge Mackenzie, S. (2013). Beyond thrill-seeking: Exploring multiple motives for adventure participation. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, & Leadership, 5(2), 136-139. doi: 10.7768/1948-5123.1212

Houge Mackenzie, S., Hodge, K., & Boyes, M. (2013). The multiphasic and dynamic nature of flow in adventure experiences. Journal of Leisure Research, 45(2), 214-232.

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. H. (2012). Head-mounted cameras and stimulated recall in qualitative sport research. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise & Health, 4(1), 51-61. doi: 10.1080/2159676X.2011.653495

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. H. (2012). A (mis)guided adventure tourism experience: An autoethnographic analysis of mountaineering in Bolivia. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 17(2), 125-144. doi: 10.1080/14775085.2012.729901

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. H. (2012). Client experiences in mountaineering tourism and implications for outdoor leaders. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, & Leadership, 4(2), 112-115. doi: 10.7768/1948-5123.1159

Kerr, J. H., & Houge Mackenzie, S. (2012). Multiple motives for participating in adventure sports. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 13(5), 649-657. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.04.002

Houge Mackenzie, S., Hodge, K., & Boyes, M. (2011). Expanding the flow model in adventure activities: A reversal theory perspective. Journal of Leisure Research, 43(4), 519-544.

Houge, S., Hodge, K., & Boyes, M. (2010). The phasic nature of flow in high risk recreation. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, & Leadership, 2(2), 159-162.

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Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Schwab, K., Houge Mackenzie, S., Hendricks, W. W., Higgins, L. M., Goldenberg, M., Greenwood, J., & Greenwood, B. (2016). Stay on your smartphone! Social media messages that connect youths with nature. Parks & Recreation, 51(11), 14-16.

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Full paper

Houge Mackenzie, S., & Kerr, J. (2013). Toward theoretical understanding of adventure guide experiences through autoethnography. In J. Fountain & K. Moore (Eds.), Proceedings of the Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education (CAUTHE) Annual Conference: Tourism and Global Change: On the Edge of Something Big. (pp. 357-360). Christchurch, New Zealand: Lincoln University. [Full Paper]

Houge, S. P., Hodge, K., & Boyes, M. (2010). A positive learning spiral of skill development in high-risk recreation: Reversal theory and flow. Journal of Experiential Education, 32(3), (pp. 285-289). [Full Paper]

Houge, S. P., Hodge, K., & Boyes, M. (2009). A positive learning spiral of skill development in high risk recreation: Reversal theory and flow. Proceedings of the Symposium on Experiential Education Research (SEER) presented at the 37th Annual International Association for Experiential Education (AEE) Conference. (pp. 21-25). Retrieved from http://www.aee.org/files/en/user/cms/2009_SEER_Program_FINAL.pdf

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Houge Mackenzie, S. (2015). Using emerging methodologies to examine adventure recreation and tourism experiences: A critical analysis. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, & Leadership, 7(2), (pp. 173-175). doi: 10.18666/JOREL-2015-V7-I2-7013

Son, J., West, S., Battista, R., & Houge Mackenzie, S. (2015). Exploring factors related to geocaching participation. Proceedings of the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA): Congress & Exposition. Ashburn, USA: National Recreation and Park Association. [Abstract]

Houge Mackenzie, S., Schwab, K., Higgins, L., Greenwood, B., Goldenberg, M., Greenwood, J., & Hendricks, W. W. (2015). Engaging urban youth with natural areas: Messaging that resonates. Proceedings of the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA): Congress & Exposition. Ashburn, USA: National Recreation and Park Association. [Abstract]

Hougham, R. J., Miller, B., Eitel, K., Houge Mackenzie, S., Son, J. S., & Thompson, G. (2013). Adventure learning to promote greenSTEM education and physical activity in schools [Extended abstract]. Proceedings of the 13th Symposium on Experimental Education Research (SEER) at the 41st Annual International Association for Experiential Education (AEE) Conference. (pp. 74-77). Retrieved from http://www.aee.org/seer

Houge, S. (2010). Optimal experiences in adventure tourism: Reversal theory and flow. In A. Reis, C. Jellum, B. Lovelock & A. Thompson (Eds.), Proceedings of the Centre for Recreation Research Symposium: Recreation Values and Natural Areas. (pp. 92). Dunedin, New Zealand: Centre for Recreation Research, School of Business, University of Otago. [Abstract]

Houge, S. (2008). Case studies of high risk recreation instructors: Reversal Theory and Flow. In S. Galloway (Ed.), Proceedings of the International Outdoor Recreation and Education Conference. (pp. 140). Wellington, New Zealand: Outdoors New Zealand. [Abstract]

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Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

Hodge, K., & Houge Mackenzie, S. (2013, November). Well-being in the wilderness: Self-determination theory & outdoor education. Verbal presentation at the Sixth International Outdoor Education Research Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Houge, S., Hodge, K., & Boyes, M. (2009, April). Reversal theory and flow: Optimal experiences in high risk recreation. Verbal presentation at the Fourth International Outdoor Education Research Conference: Outdoor Education Research & Theory: Critical Reflections, New Directions, Beechworth, Australia.

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