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BIOL112 Animal Biology

An introductory survey of the evolution and diversity of animal life. Essential biological principles are illustrated using examples from New Zealand fauna, issues of environmental, social or economic importance, and cutting-edge research developments at the University of Otago.

Animals live in a hostile world where they must survive in the face of adverse weather and the presence of predators, find resources for body growth and fuel for their activities, and mate and rear their young, passing on genes to future generations. In overcoming the challenges, animals have developed a diversity of body plans, physiological adaptations and life styles. This introductory course surveys the evolution and diversity of animal life. It explores the unifying relationships between form and function among animals from different environments and how animals interact with each other and with their environment. Essential biological principles are illustrated by examples from the New Zealand fauna. Issues of environmental, social or economic importance and cutting-edge research developments at the University of Otago will be discussed. This course is hands-on, with lecture material complemented by practical classes. This paper is normally a prerequisite for 200-level Zoology papers.

Paper title Animal Biology
Paper code BIOL112
Subject Biology
EFTS 0.15
Points 18 points
Teaching period Semester 2 (On campus)
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $1,092.15
International Tuition Fees (NZD) $5,004.75

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Recommended Preparation
CELS 191 and HUBS 191
Schedule C
Science
Contact
zoology@otago.ac.nz
Teaching staff

Academic Convener: Associate Professor Mike Paulin
Course Co-ordinator: Andrea Brown
Course Lecturers: Professor Phil Bishop, Andrea Brown, Professor Alison Cree, Dr Jenny Jandt, Dr Sheri Johnson, Associate Professor Mark Lokman, Associate Professor Mike Paulin, Professor Robert Poulin, Professor Liz Slooten, Dr Paul Szyszka

Paper Structure

This paper covers 7 modules:

  • Animal Diversity
  • Animal Evolution
  • Animal Physiology
  • Animal Sensory Systems
  • Hormones and Reproduction
  • Animal Behaviour
  • Animal Interactions
Teaching Arrangements

BIOL 112 is comprised of 37 lectures, 10 question and answer sessions, four 1-hour workshops and six 3-hour practical laboratories. Attendance at laboratories is compulsory.

Textbooks

Campbell, N. et al., Biology: A Global Approach (11th Edition) Pearson Education

Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Lifelong learning, Scholarship, Communication, Critical thinking, Ethics, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes

Students who successfully complete this paper will:

  • Appreciate and demonstrate the importance of thinking scientifically
  • Understand the diversity of the animal kingdom from evolutionary, functional and interactive perspectives
  • Describe the biological principles addressed in this paper as they relate to these specific perspectives
  • Identify the role of Zoological research in the discipline as it relates to the specific perspectives and biological processes discussed in this paper
  • Appreciate and demonstrate the practical skills required to work effectively and safely in a biological laboratory
  • Analyse issues logically, bearing in mind all viewpoints, and make informed decisions
  • Appreciate the links between disciplines
  • Develop awareness that current knowledge can be limited, uncertain and contested
  • Be aware of the ethical, cultural, social and economic contexts of native animals, introduced animals and harvesting of animals in New Zealand
  • Begin to develop intellectual independence and foster a commitment to lifelong learning
  • Appreciate the need to communicate information and arguments effectively using written and oral skills
  • Understand and demonstrate how to work as part of a team
  • Know how to access information about biological issues
  • Develop confidence and competency in the use of numeracy in everyday situations

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Timetable

Semester 2

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Lecture

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend
L1 Monday 10:00-10:50 28-34, 36-41
Tuesday 10:00-10:50 28-34, 36-41
Thursday 10:00-10:50 28-34, 36-41
Friday 10:00-10:50 28-34, 36-41

Practical

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
P1 Monday 14:00-16:50 29-33, 36-37, 39-40
P2 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 29-33, 36-37, 39-40
P3 Wednesday 09:00-11:50 29-33, 36-37, 39-40
P4 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 29-33, 36-37, 39-40
P5 Wednesday 18:00-20:50 29-33, 36-37, 39-40
P6 Thursday 14:00-16:50 29-33, 36-37, 39-40
P7 Tuesday 18:00-20:50 29-33, 36-37, 39-40

An introductory survey of the evolution and diversity of animal life. Essential biological principles are illustrated using examples from New Zealand fauna, issues of environmental, social or economic importance, and cutting-edge research developments at the University of Otago.

Animals live in a hostile world where they must survive in the face of adverse weather and the presence of predators, find resources for body growth and fuel for their activities, and mate and rear their young, passing on genes to future generations. In overcoming the challenges, animals have developed a diversity of body plans, physiological adaptations and life styles. This introductory course surveys the evolution and diversity of animal life. It explores the unifying relationships between form and function among animals from different environments and how animals interact with each other and with their environment. Essential biological principles are illustrated by examples from the New Zealand fauna. Issues of environmental, social or economic importance and cutting-edge research developments at the University of Otago will be discussed. This course is hands-on, with lecture material complemented by practical classes. This paper is normally a prerequisite for 200-level Zoology papers.

Paper title Animal Biology
Paper code BIOL112
Subject Biology
EFTS 0.15
Points 18 points
Teaching period Semester 2 (On campus)
Domestic Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for 2022 have not yet been set
International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.

^ Top of page

Recommended Preparation
CELS 191 and HUBS 191
Schedule C
Science
Contact
zoology@otago.ac.nz
Teaching staff

Academic Convener: Associate Professor Mike Paulin
Course Co-ordinator: Andrea Brown
Course Lecturers:
Dr Jenny Jandt
Dr Sheri Johnson
Associate Professor Mark Lokman
Associate Professor Mike Paulin
Professor Robert Poulin
Dr Paul Szyszka
Andrea Brown

Paper Structure

This paper covers seven modules:

  1. Animal Diversity
  2. Animal Evolution
  3. Animal Physiology
  4. Animal Nervous Systems
  5. Hormones and Reproduction
  6. Animal Behaviour
  7. Animal Interactions

ANIMAL DIVERSITY (6 lectures)

  1. Animal diversity
  2. Germ layers and symmetry
  3. Cnidarians, Lophotrochozoa (True Tissues, Worms and Body Cavities)
  4. Ecdysozoa and Deuterostomia
  5. The Biodiversity Crisis
  6. Conservation Biology and Urban Ecology

ANIMAL EVOLUTION (6 LECTURES)

  1. Evolution by natural selection
  2. The facts of evolution
  3. Phylogeny, convergent and divergent evolution
  4. What is a species?
  5. The origins of life and species extinction
  6. Evolution and conservation of NZ animals

ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (5 LECTURES)

  1. An introduction to animal physiology - Animal size, shape and metabolism
  2. How animals balance heat gain and heat loss
  3. Animal digestive systems
  4. How animals cope with water loss and gain
  5. How animals ‘breathe’

ANIMAL NERVOUS SYSTEMS (5 LECTURES)

  1. Encoding of sensory information in the brain
  2. Signal propagation in the nervous system
  3. Sensing motion by the lateral line system
  4. Evolution and development of neurons and nervous systems
  5. Olfaction

ANIMAL HORMONES & REPRODUCTION (4 LECTURES)

  1. Reproductive diversity in the animal kingdom
  2. Hormones as chemical integrators
  3. Reproductive endocrinology
  4. Endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the environment

ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR (5 LECTURES)

  1. An Introduction to Animal Behaviour
  2. Sociality
  3. Evolution of cooperation
  4. Why males and females behave differently
  5. Communication

ANIMAL ASSOCIATIONS (5 LECTURES)

  1. Parasitism and mutualism: a success story in the evolution of life
  2. Evolution of parasitism and transmission patterns
  3. Adaptations to a parasitic existence
  4. Parasites in natural ecosystems: do they matter?
  5. Ecology of trematode parasites in New Zealand

LABORATORIES (PRACTICALS)

There are 6 laboratories (practicals). The laboratory topics are listed below:

  1. Animal Ethics and Diversity
  2. Animal Evolution
  3. Animal Physiology - Dogfish
  4. Animal Physiology - Possum
  5. Animal Behaviour - Beetles
  6. Animal Parasitology and Population Modelling
Teaching Arrangements

BIOL 112 is comprised of 37 lectures, seven question and answer sessions, four 1-hour (assessment-related) workshops, four seminars/information sessions and six 3-hour practical laboratories. Attendance at laboratories is compulsory.

Textbooks

BIOLOGY: A Global Approach - 12th Edition, Campbell et al. 2021 (ISBN: 978-1-292-34163-7)

Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Lifelong learning, Scholarship, Communication, Critical thinking, Ethics, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes

Students who successfully complete this paper will:

  • Appreciate and demonstrate the importance of thinking scientifically
  • Understand the diversity of the animal kingdom from evolutionary, functional and interactive perspectives
  • Describe the biological principles addressed in this paper as they relate to these specific perspectives
  • Identify the role of Zoological research in the discipline as it relates to the specific perspectives and biological processes discussed in this paper
  • Appreciate and demonstrate the practical skills required to work effectively and safely in a biological laboratory
  • Analyse issues logically, bearing in mind all viewpoints, and make informed decisions
  • Appreciate the links between disciplines
  • Develop awareness that current knowledge can be limited, uncertain and contested
  • Be aware of the ethical, cultural, social and economic contexts of native animals, introduced animals and harvesting of animals in New Zealand
  • Begin to develop intellectual independence and foster a commitment to lifelong learning
  • Appreciate the need to communicate information and arguments effectively using written and oral skills
  • Understand and demonstrate how to work as part of a team
  • Know how to access information about biological issues
  • Develop confidence and competency in the use of numeracy in everyday situations

^ Top of page

Timetable

Semester 2

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Lecture

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend
A1 Monday 10:00-10:50 28-34, 36-41
Tuesday 10:00-10:50 28-34, 36-41
Thursday 10:00-10:50 28-34, 36-41
Friday 10:00-10:50 28-34, 36-41

Practical

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
A1 Monday 14:00-16:50 29-34, 37, 39-40
A2 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 29-34, 37, 39-40
A3 Tuesday 18:00-20:50 29-34, 37, 39-40
A4 Wednesday 09:00-11:50 29-34, 37, 39-40
A5 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 29-34, 37, 39-40
A6 Wednesday 18:00-20:50 29-34, 37, 39-40
A7 Thursday 14:00-16:50 29-34, 37, 39-40