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CAIPP Research


Colin Gavaghan, Alistair Knott, James Maclaurin, John Zerilli and Joy Liddicoat
“Government Use of Artificial Intelligence in New Zealand” (2019), (PDF)

Conference/Workshop organisation

  • Towards Accountable Systems, Dagstuhl Seminar 18181, 29 April–4 May 2018.
  • Colin Gavaghan, Alistair Knott, James Maclaurin and John Zerilli organised the Roundtable on Uses of AI in the Criminal Justice System, held in both Oxford and Dunedin, in November and December 2017.
  • Colin Gavaghan was co-organiser and a presenter at a workshop hosted by the Law, Innovation and Society Research Group at Newcastle University Law School: The Future Is Now: The Status and Challenge of AI and Law. 16 May 2017.

CAIPP also sponsors the Artificial Intelligence and Society Seminar series. Topics, slides and other materials are available on the AI and Society wiki.

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Selected peer-reviewed publications

Keddell, E. & Stanley, T. (forthcoming) Critical child protection: Key debates. In Webb, S. (ed) Handbook of Critical Social Work. London: Routledge.

Zerilli, J., Knott, A., Maclaurin, J. & Gavaghan, C. (2018) Transparency in algorithmic and human decision-making: Is there a double standard? Philosophy and Technology.

Gavaghan, C. (2017) Lex machina: Techno-regulatory mechanisms and "rules by design." Otago Law Review 15(1): 123-145.

Keddell, E. (2016) Substantiation, decision-making and risk prediction in child protection systems. Policy Quarterly 12: 2-16.

Keddell, E. (2015) The ethics of predictive risk modelling in child welfare: child abuse prevention or neo-liberal tool? Critical Social Policy 35(1): 69-88.

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Blog posts

Liddicoat, J. (2019, Ma7 7) Responding to the Christchurch Call.
Association for Progressive Communications. Retrieved from:

Keddell, E. (2018, April 6) Risk prediction tools in child welfare contexts: The devil in the detail.
Human services and information technology association. Retrieved from:

Keddell, E. & Stanley, T. (2018, March 29) Artificial intelligence in children’s services: The ethical and practical issues.
Community Care. Retrieved from:

Keddell, E. (2015, June 4) Predictive risk modelling: On data, rights and politics.
Reimagining Social Work. Retrieved from:

Case studies


Establishment of the Centre for AI and Public Policy

Proposal for a regulatory body to oversee the use of predictive analytics in NZ government departments

AI related topics

Comments on ACC’s predictive tool

Other topics

Selected talks

  • "AI Technologies: Maximising benefits, minimising potential harms." James Maclaurin and Colin Gavaghan delivered a talk at the Data Summit in Wellington. 27 September 2018.
  • "Transparency in algorithmic and human decision-making: Is there a double standard?" The AI and Law in New Zealand Project's Postdoctoral Fellow, John Zerilli, delivered a talk at the Neuroscience and Society Conference in Sydney. 24 August 2018.
  • AI and Computer Vision: Applications, impacts, ethics. Ali Knott delivered a talk with Steven Mills for TechWeek in Auckland. 23 May 2018.
  • Colin Gavaghan delivered the Kirby seminar at the University of New England, Armidale, Australia, on the topic "Thinking Outside the (Black) Box." 14 May 2018.
  • Colin Gavaghan delivered a talk and participated in a panel discussion at Privacy Week, Wellington. 9 May 2018.
  • Colin Gavaghan spoke at the Parliamentary Speaker’s Science Forum, to an audience of MPs. The subject matter included legal issues around driverless cars and other challenges of autonomous machines. 9 May 2018.
  •  The impact of AI on people and society. Ali Knott participated in a panel discussion at AI day. 28 March 2018.
  • James Maclaurin participated in a panel discusison on Driverless Cars as part of IPWEA NZ’s 2017 conference. Radio NZ. 24 September 2017.
  • Colin Gavaghan attended and presented at Neuroscience and Society conference, co-hosted by Universities of Sydney and Macquarie. 14-15 September​ 2017.
  • How should society prepare for advances in Artificial Intelligence? Royal Society Te Apārangi 150th Anniversary Regional Lecture, given by Ali Knott. 4 August 2017.
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Professional service

The AI and Law in New Zealand Project's Postdoctoral Fellow, John Zerilli, reviewed the final report of the IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, Ethically Aligned Design.

The AI and Law in New Zealand Project's Associate Research Fellow, Joy Liddicoat, contributed a foreword to the​ AI publication, FABRICS.
Read the FABRICS - Emerging AI Readiness document. (PDF, 632KB).