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Dr Caroline Orchiston

Research Fellow and Deputy Director

Tel: (+64) 3 479 9244

Cell: (+64) 21 077 8888

Email: caroline.orchiston@otago.ac.nz

Caroline’s background in both earth and social sciences involves research on aspects of tourism disaster resilience and recovery, community and business resilience, and scenario planning for impacts to critical infrastructure and emergency management during earthquake disasters. Her PhD and Postdoctoral research investigated tourism in areas of high seismic risk (Southern Alps and Canterbury, New Zealand), focussing on pre-disaster planning and preparedness (Alpine Fault zone) and post-disaster impacts and recovery amongst tourism enterprises and stakeholders (Canterbury earthquake sequence). Since 2010, Caroline has also been involved in a longitudinal study of community preparedness and awareness to natural hazards in Washington State, USA in collaboration with GNS Science, Washington State Emergency Management and the United States Geological Survey. She is an Affiliate Researcher at both the Joint Centre for Disaster Research (Massey Wellington and GNS Science) and Resilient Organisations (Christchurch).

Caroline joined the Centre in March 2016 as a Research Fellow involved in Resilience to Nature’s Challenges (National Science Challenge). This 10-year research programme focusses on building a more resilient New Zealand by transforming how we prepare for and mitigate against rapid (earthquakes, floods) and slow onset (climate change-related) disasters. Caroline is Co-lead of the Rural programme, with Prof. Tom Wilson (University of Canterbury). More information about the Rural programme and Resilience to Nature’s Challenges can be found here:   Resilience to Nature's Challenges 

Caroline is on the Leadership team for QuakeCoRE,  the New Zealand Centre for Earthquake Resilience, and is also co-lead for Flagship 5, Pathways to Societal Resilience.

As Science Lead for AF8 [Alpine Fault magnitude 8], Caroline works with a wide team of Alpine Fault scientists and emergency management practitioners to improve the way New Zealand will respond and recover from a future magnitude 8 earthquake on the Alpine Fault. The lessons learned from this work programme can also be applied to a range of other disruptive events, because building strong networks in communities, response agencies and Universities is key to societal resilience.

Caroline’s passion is for applied research that makes a different to our society, particularly in building social capital through networks and connections, and working with communities to build resilience.

Caroline Orchistonfull (160)

Current and Recent Projects

Current Postgraduate Students

Masters:   

Moriah Osborne (2020). Tourism operator preparedness and resilience in the Southern Alps. Fully funded QuakeCoRE scholarship. 

PhD:  

Lucia Danzi (2020-). Tourism and emergency management. Resilience to Nature’s Challenges scholarship.
Sonja Mueller (2019 - ). Community and local knowledge of water-driven hazards. University of Otago scholarship.
Rajan Chandra Ghosh, (2018-). Managing Multi Hazard Risks to Build Disaster Resilient Sustainable Livelihood for Rural Communities.  University of Otago Scholarship. 
Mathew Darling, (August 2018-). Assessing Transient Populations Exposure to Disaster Risk.  (University of Canterbury)
Shakti Shrestha (June 2018-). Wellington Cordon baseline project. QuakeCoRE (NZ Centre for Research Excellence) Scholarship                                                                                                                                            David Wither, (March 2017-). Social norms of resilience in Kaikoura post-earthquake disaster. Resilience to Nature’s Challenges scholarship.

Significant Publications

Underwood, G., Orchiston, C. and Shrestha, S. (in press). Post-earthquake cordons and their implications. Earthquake Spectra.

Vinnell, L., Orchiston, C., Becker, J. and Johnston, D. (2019). Pathways to earthquake resilience: learning from past events. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies. 23 (2), 35-40.
Espiner, S., Orchiston, C., & Higham, J. (2017). Resilience and sustainability: a complementary relationship? Towards a practical conceptual model for the sustainability–resilience nexus in tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2017.1281929. (A* ranked journal)
Brown, N., Rovins, J., Feldmann-Jensen, S., Orchiston, C. & Johnston, D. (2017). Exploring disaster resilience within the tourism sector: a systematic review of literature. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.02.005
Orchiston, C., Prayag, G. & Brown, C. (2016). Organisational resilience in the tourism sector. Annals of Tourism Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2015.11.002 (A* ranked journal)
Robinson, T., Davies, T., Wilson, T., & Orchiston, C. (2016). Coseismic landsliding estimates for an Alpine Fault earthquake and the consequences for erosion of the South Alps, New Zealand. Geomorphology, vol. 263: 71-86.
Robinson, T., Davies, T., Wilson, T. & Orchiston, C. (2016). Developing coseismic landsliding loss assessments for critical infrastructure to aid emergency response planning. Risk Analysis.
Orchiston, C., & Higham, J. E. S. (2016). Knowledge management and tourism recovery (de) marketing: the Christchurch earthquakes 2010–2011. Current Issues in Tourism, 19(1), 64-84 (A ranked journal)
Robinson, T., Davies, T., Wilson, T., Orchiston C. & Barth, N. (2015). Evaluation of coseismic landslide hazard on the proposed Haast-Hollyford Highway, South Island New Zealand. Georisk: Assessment and management of risk for engineered systems and geohazards. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17499518.2015.1077974
Orchiston, C., Vargo, J & Seville, E. (2014). Regional and sub-sector impacts of the Canterbury earthquake sequence for tourism businesses. Australian Journal of Emergency Management. vol. 29 (4): 32-37.
Orchiston C., Vargo, J., & Seville, E. (2013). Insurance in the tourism sector after the Christchurch earthquakes. Australia New Zealand Institute of Insurance and Finance, vol. 36 (4): 20-23.
Orchiston, C. (2013). Tourism business preparedness, resilience and disaster planning in a region of high seismic risk: the case of the Southern Alps. Current Issues in Tourism, vol. 16 (5): 477-494. (A ranked journal)
Orchiston, C. (2012). Seismic risk scenario planning and sustainable tourism management: Christchurch and the Alpine Fault zone, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 20 (1): 59-79. (A* ranked journal)

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Publications

Stephenson, J., Barth, J., Bond, S., Diprose, G., Orchiston, C., Simon, K., & Thomas, A. (2020). Engaging with communities for climate change adaptation: Introducing community development for adaptation. Policy Quarterly, 16(2), 35-40. doi: 10.26686/pq.v16i2.6480

Cohen, S., Hanna, P., Higham, J., Hopkins, D., & Orchiston, C. (2020). Gender discourses in academic mobility. Gender, Work & Organization, 27, 149-165. doi: 10.1111/gwao.12413

Prayag, G., Spector, S., Orchiston, C., & Chowdhury, M. (2020). Psychological resilience, organizational resilience and life satisfaction in tourism firms: Insights from the Canterbury earthquakes. Current Issues in Tourism, 23(10), 1216-1233. doi: 10.1080/13683500.2019.1607832

Chowdhury, M., Prayag, G., Orchiston, C., & Spector, S. (2019). Postdisaster social capital, adaptive resilience and business performance of tourism organizations in Christchurch, New Zealand. Journal of Travel Research, 58(7), 1209-1226. doi: 10.1177/0047287518794319

Brown, N. A., Rovins, J. E., Orchiston, C., Feldmann-Jensen, S., & Johnston, D. (2019). Disaster resilience in Wellington’s hotel sector: Research update and summary. Australasian Journal of Disaster & Trauma Studies, 23(2), 77-81.

Chapter in Book - Research

Orchiston, C., & Espiner, S. (2018). Fast and slow resilience in the New Zealand tourism industry. In A. A. Lew & J. M. Cheer (Eds.), Tourism resilience and adaptation to environmental change: Definitions and frameworks. (pp. 250-266). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Prayag, G., & Orchiston, C. (2016). Earthquake impacts, mitigation, and organisational resilience of business sectors in Canterbury. In C. M. Hall, S. Malinen, R. Vasslamber & R. Wordsworth (Eds.), Business and post-disaster management: Business, organisational and consumer resilience and the Christchurch earthquakes. (pp. 97-117). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781315640211

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Journal - Research Article

Stephenson, J., Barth, J., Bond, S., Diprose, G., Orchiston, C., Simon, K., & Thomas, A. (2020). Engaging with communities for climate change adaptation: Introducing community development for adaptation. Policy Quarterly, 16(2), 35-40. doi: 10.26686/pq.v16i2.6480

Prayag, G., Spector, S., Orchiston, C., & Chowdhury, M. (2020). Psychological resilience, organizational resilience and life satisfaction in tourism firms: Insights from the Canterbury earthquakes. Current Issues in Tourism, 23(10), 1216-1233. doi: 10.1080/13683500.2019.1607832

Cohen, S., Hanna, P., Higham, J., Hopkins, D., & Orchiston, C. (2020). Gender discourses in academic mobility. Gender, Work & Organization, 27, 149-165. doi: 10.1111/gwao.12413

Chowdhury, M., Prayag, G., Orchiston, C., & Spector, S. (2019). Postdisaster social capital, adaptive resilience and business performance of tourism organizations in Christchurch, New Zealand. Journal of Travel Research, 58(7), 1209-1226. doi: 10.1177/0047287518794319

Brown, N. A., Rovins, J. E., Orchiston, C., Feldmann-Jensen, S., & Johnston, D. (2019). Disaster resilience in Wellington’s hotel sector: Research update and summary. Australasian Journal of Disaster & Trauma Studies, 23(2), 77-81.

Higham, J. E. S., Hopkins, D., & Orchiston, C. (2019). The work-sociology of academic aeromobility at remote institutions. Mobilities, 14(5), 612-631. doi: 10.1080/17450101.2019.1589727

Spector, S., Cradock-Henry, N. A., Beaven, S., & Orchiston, C. (2019). Characterising rural resilience in Aotearoa-New Zealand: A systematic review. Regional Environmental Change, 19(2), 543-557. doi: 10.1007/s10113-018-1418-3

Brown, N. A., Rovins, J. E., Feldmann-Jensen, S., Orchiston, C., & Johnston, D. (2019). Measuring disaster resilience within the hotel sector: An exploratory survey of Wellington and Hawke's Bay, New Zealand hotel staff and managers. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 33, 108-121. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.09.014

Hopkins, D., Higham, J., Orchiston, C., & Duncan, T. (2019). Practising academic mobilities: Bodies, networks and institutional rhythms. Geographical Journal, 185(4), 472-484. doi: 10.1111/geoj.12301

Robinson, T. R., Rosser, N. J., Davies, T. R. H., Wilson, T. M., & Orchiston, C. (2018). Near-real-time modeling of landslide impacts to inform rapid response: An example from the 2016 Kaikōura, New Zealand, earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108(3B), 1665-1682. doi: 10.1785/0120170234

Brown, N. A., Orchiston, C., Rovins, J. E., Feldmann-Jensen, S., & Johnston, D. (2018). An integrative framework for investigating disaster resilience within the hotel sector. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Management, 36, 67-75. doi: 10.1016/j.jhtm.2018.07.004

Vallis, S., Gálvez, F., Swidan, M., Orchiston, C., & Ingham, J. (2018). Classical temples and industrial stores: Survey analysis of historic unreinforced masonry (URM) precincts to inform urban seismic risk mitigation. International Journal of Architectural Heritage, 12(7-8), 1276-1296. doi: 10.1080/15583058.2018.1503372

Orchiston, C., Mitchell, J., Wilson, T., Langridge, R., Davies, T., Bradley, B., … McKay, A. (2018). Project AF8: Developing a coordinated, multi-agency response plan for a future great Alpine Fault earthquake. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 61(3), 389-402. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2018.1455716

Prayag, G., Chowdhury, M., Spector, S., & Orchiston, C. (2018). Organizational resilience and financial performance [Research note]. Annals of Tourism Research, 73, 193-196. doi: 10.1016/j.annals.2018.06.006

Stevenson, J. R., Becker, J., Cradock-Henry, N., Johal, S., Johnston, D., Orchiston, C., & Seville, E. (2017). Economic and social reconnaissance: Kaikōura earthquake 2016. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 50(2), 343-351.

Brown, N. A., Rovins, J. E., Feldmann, S., Orchiston, C., & Johnston, D. (2017). Exploring disaster resilience within the hotel sector: A systematic review of literature. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 22, 362-370. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.02.005

Espiner, S., Orchiston, C., & Higham, J. (2017). Resilience and sustainability: A complementary relationship? Towards a practical conceptual model for the sustainability–resilience nexus in tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(10), 1385-1400. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2017.1281929

Orchiston, C., Prayag, G., & Brown, C. (2016). Organizational resilience in the tourism sector. Annals of Tourism Research, 56, 145-148. doi: 10.1016/j.annals.2015.11.002

Robinson, T. R., Davies, T. R. H., Wilson, T. M., Orchiston, C., & Barth, N. (2016). Evaluation of coseismic landslide hazard on the proposed Haast-Hollyford Highway, South Island, New Zealand. Georisk, 10(2), 146-163. doi: 10.1080/17499518.2015.1077974

Orchiston, C., & Higham, J. E. S. (2016). Knowledge management and tourism recovery (de)marketing: The Christchurch earthquakes 2010-2011. Current Issues in Tourism, 19(1), 64-84. doi: 10.1080/13683500.2014.990424

Robinson, T. R., Davies, T. R. H., Wilson, T. M., & Orchiston, C. (2016). Coseismic landsliding estimates for an Alpine Fault earthquake and the consequences for erosion of the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Geomorphology, 263, 71-86. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.03.033

Orchiston, C., Seville, E., & Vargo, J. (2014). Regional and sub-sector impacts of the Canterbury earthquake sequence for tourism businesses. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 29(4), 32-37.

Orchiston, C. (2013). Tourism business preparedness, resilience and disaster planning in a region of high seismic risk: The case of the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Current Issues in Tourism, 16(5), 477-494. doi: 10.1080/13683500.2012.741115

Orchiston, C., Manuel, C., Coomer, M., Becker, J., & Johnston, D. (2013). The 2009 New Zealand West Coast ShakeOut: Improving earthquake preparedness in a region of high seismic risk. Australasian Journal of Disaster & Trauma Studies, 2013(2), 55-61. Retrieved from http://trauma.massey.ac.nz/index.html

Orchiston, C. (2012). Seismic risk scenario planning and sustainable tourism management: Christchurch and the Alpine Fault zone, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(1), 59-79. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2011.617827

Orchiston, C. (2009). Natural hazard monitoring in New Zealand: Implications for tourist safety. Pacific News, 31, 11-14.

Orchiston, C. (2006). Profiling changes in the supply side of marine tourism in New Zealand: A spatiotemporal analysis. Tourism in Marine Environments, 2(2), 79-88.

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Journal - Research Other

Vinnell, L. J., Orchiston, C., Becker, J., & Johnston, D. (2019). Pathways to earthquake resilience: Learning from past events. Australasian Journal of Disaster & Trauma Studies, 23(2), 35-40. [Editorial].

Upton, P., Cochran, U., Orchiston, C., Howarth, J., Pettinga, J., & Townend, J. (2018). Tercentenary of the 1717 AD Alpine Fault earthquake: Advances in science and understanding hazards. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 61(3), 247-250. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2018.1512389

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Full paper

Orchiston, C., Smith, N., Brown, C., Harvey, E., & Kim, J. H. (2017). Economic consequences of disruptive events on the tourism industry: The case of the Canterbury earthquake sequence. In C. Lee, S. Filep, J. N. Albrecht & W. J. L. Coetzee (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Council for Australasian Tourism and Hospitality Education (CAUTHE) Annual Conference. (pp. 649-652). Dunedin, New Zealand: Department of Tourism, University of Otago. [Full Paper]

Orchiston, C., Smith, N., Brown, C., Harvey, E., & Kim, J. H. (2017). Fast and slow resilience of tourism organisations in the New Zealand tourism sector. In C. Lee, S. Filep, J. N. Albrecht & W. J. L. Coetzee (Eds.), Proceedings of the 27th Council for Australasian Tourism and Hospitality Education (CAUTHE) Annual Conference. (pp. 653-656). Dunedin, New Zealand: Department of Tourism, University of Otago. [Full Paper]

Johnston, D. M., Orchiston, C., Weaver, C., Becker, J., McBride, S., Paton, D., … Wilson, T. M. (2012). "Low risk does not equal no risk": Understanding barriers to earthquake risk reduction in low seismic hazard areas. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering (NZSEE) Conference: Implementing Lessons Learnt. Retrieved from http://www.nzsee.org.nz/

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Shrestha, S., & Orchiston, C. (2019). To cordon or not to cordon: The inherent complexities of post-earthquake cordons learned from New Zealand experiences. Proceedings of the 4th Te Hiranga Rū QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting. (pp. 42-43). Retrieved from http://www.quakecore.nz

Willis, S., Cox, C., Kean, M., & Orchiston, C. (2019). Climate safe-housing: Adaptation in action. In S. Mandic & K. Coppell (Eds.), Proceedings of The Active Living and Environment Symposium (TALES): Linking Transport, Health and Sustainability. (pp. 56). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago. [Abstract]

Darling, M., Wilson, T., Bradley, B., Orchiston, C., & Adams, B. (2019). Understanding disaster risk exposure to visitors to the South Island of New Zealand. Proceedings of the 4th Te Hiranga Rū QuakeCoRE Annual Meeting. (pp. 11). Retrieved from http://www.quakecore.nz

Willis, S., Achterberg, K., Kean, M., Danielmeier, T., Fersterer, C., Fay, C., & Orchiston, C. (2017). Climate safe housing: Where mitigation and adaptation meet. In S. Mandic, C. Ergler & A. Moore (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium Active Living and Environment: Towards a Healthier and More Sustainable Future. (pp. 44). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago. [Abstract]

McKenzie, L., Stephenson, J., & Orchiston, C. (2017). An abstract for using a geodatabase for assessing vulnerability to sea level rise in greater south Dunedin. Proceedings of the New Zealand Antarctic Science Conference: Challenging science in a challenging environment. (pp. 50). New Zealand Antarctic Research Institute. Retrieved from https://antarctic2017.org

McBride, S., Tilley, E. N., Johnston, D. M., Becker, J., & Orchiston, C. (2015). The Canterbury Tales: Lessons from the Canterbury Earthquake sequence to inform better public communication models. Proceedings of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting. NH13A-1911. Retrieved from https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm15/meetingapp.cgi/Home/0

Robinson, T., Davies, T., Wilson, T., Orchiston, C., & Kritikos, T. (2014). Application of fuzzy logic GIS to modelling coseismic landslide susceptibility in the Southern Alps, New Zealand, from a potential alpine fault earthquake. Proceedings of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) 47th Annual Fall Meeting. Retrieved from http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2014/

Robinson, T. R., Davies, T. R. H., Wilson, T., & Orchiston, C. (2014). Vulnerability of critical infrastructure networks to coseismic landsliding from an Alpine fault earthquake. In K. A. Holt (Ed.), Geoscience Society of New Zealand Miscellaneous Publication. 139A, (pp. 90-91). Takaka, New Zealand: GSNZ. [Abstract]

Robinson, T. R., Davies, T. R. H., Kritikos, T., Wilson, T., & Orchiston, C. (2014). Modelling coseismic landslide susceptibility from an Alpine fault earthquake. In K. A. Holt (Ed.), Geoscience Society of New Zealand Miscellaneous Publication. 139A, (pp. 90). Takaka, New Zealand: GSNZ. [Abstract]

Robinson, T., Wilson, T., Davies, T., Orchiston, C., & Thompson, J. (2014). Using the co-production of knowledge for developing realistic natural disaster scenarios for small-to-medium scale emergency management exercises. Proceedings of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) 47th Annual Fall Meeting. Retrieved from http://fallmeeting.agu.org/2014/

Robinson, T. R., Wilson, T. M., Davies, T. R. H., Orchiston, C., & Thompson, J. (2013). Likely impacts to critical lifelines from an expected Alpine Fault earthquake. In C. M. Reid & A. Wandres (Eds.), Geoscience Society of New Zealand Miscellaneous Publication. 136A, (pp. 82-83). Takaka, New Zealand: GSNZ. [Abstract]

Orchiston, C. (2013). Impacts of the Christchurch earthquakes on regional tourism activity: An empirical investigation into tourism businesses in Christchurch and Canterbury. In J. Fountain & K. Moore (Eds.), Proceedings of the Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education (CAUTHE) Annual Conference: Tourism and Global Change: On the Edge of Something Big. [USB Memory Stick], (pp. 566-568). Christchurch, New Zealand: Lincoln University. [Abstract]

Robinson, T. R., Wilson, T. M., Davies, T. R. H., Orchiston, C., & Thompson, J. (2013). Civil Defence exercise Te Ripahapa: A realistic scenario for a rupture of the Alpine Fault. In C. M. Reid & A. Wandres (Eds.), Geoscience Society of New Zealand Miscellaneous Publication. 136A, (pp. 82). Takaka, New Zealand: GSNZ. [Abstract]

Orchiston, C. (2011). Seismic risk and the New Zealand Tourism Industry: Outcomes of the Christchurch earthquakes on perceptions of risk amongst Australian travellers. In N. Carr & D. Evans (Eds.), Proceedings of the Australia and New Zealand Association of Leisure Studies 10th Biennial Conference: Challenging Leisure. (pp. 72-73). Dunedin, New Zealand: Department of Tourism, University of Otago. [Abstract]

Orchiston, C. (2010). Earthquakes and tourism: Implications of a large Alpine Fault event on tourist mobility, and recovery issues post-earthquake. In A. Reis, C. Jellum, B. Lovelock & A. Thompson (Eds.), Proceedings of the Centre for Recreation Research Symposium: Recreation Values and Natural Areas. (pp. 69-71). Dunedin, New Zealand: Centre for Recreation Research, School of Business, University of Otago. [Abstract]

Orchiston, C. (2009). Small tourism‐reliant communities living with high seismic risk: Disaster preparedness, risk perceptions and rural resilience. Proceeding of the International Social Science Council (ISSC) World Social Science Forum. (pp. 18-19). Retrieved from http://www.worldsocialscience.org/

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