Laurette Barnard, 1992
This article presents a comprehensive and in-depth comparative analysis of characterisation and choice of law in relation to equitable wrongs in English, Australian, Canadian and New Zealand law. The author proposes a flexible choice of law regime, based on the proper law of the claim, which should be determined with reference to the essential nature of equitable obligations and the policies operating in the field of fiduciary and related duties. Since the gaining of access to the beneficiary’s assets is the origin of the equitable obligation, the law under which access was gained should, subject to exceptions, constitute the proper law.
Jack Wass, 2014
This article considers the primary exception to the Mozambique rule: where a court assumes jurisdiction in personam to enforce a contractual or equitable claim concerning foreign immovable property against a defendant subject to the courts personal jurisdiction. The author suggests that within this context the orthodox English approach to questions of jurisdiction is unsatisfactory. It is suggested that modern conflict of laws principles require that English courts apply the proper law of the claim when determining whether there is a sufficient equitable or contractual obligation to invoke the courts’ in personam jurisdiction. It is the author’s view that such an approach coupled with a robust application of the forum non conveniens doctrine will promote comity, consistency and the interests of justice. The author goes on to advocate for the recognition of foreign judgments that give effect to personal obligations in relations to English land