Accessibility Skip to Global Navigation Skip to Local Navigation Skip to Content Skip to Search Skip to Site Map Menu

PHAL212 Introductory Therapeutics and Toxicology

An introduction to both the use of drugs in the treatment of disease and the field of toxicology.

PHAL 212 will build on the foundations that were established in PHAL 211. Emphasis will be placed on the clinical use of drugs. Furthermore, concepts in toxicology will be introduced.

Paper title Introductory Therapeutics and Toxicology
Paper code PHAL212
Subject Pharmacology
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period Second Semester
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $1,059.15
International Tuition Fees (NZD) $4,914.00

^ Top of page

PHAL 211
PHAL 202, PHTY 252
Schedule C
Dr Sarah Baird,
Teaching staff
Dr Sarah Baird
Dr Belinda Cridge
Dr Greg Giles
Associate Professor Ivan Sammut
Professor Paul Smith
Paper Structure
PHAL 212 has both lectures and laboratories.

Lecture Topics:
  • Introduction to Therapeutics: 1 lecture
  • Advanced Pharmacodynamics: 2 lectures
  • Respiratory Pharmacology: 2 lectures
  • Experimental Design and Analysis : 2 lectures
  • Toxicology: 8 lectures
  • Cardiovascular Pharmacology: 4 lectures
  • Cancer Pharmacology: 5 lectures
  • Herbal Medications: 1 lecture
  • Review: 1 lecture
The laboratories are designed to teach you important laboratory skills and to reinforce concepts introduced in the lectures.

Laboratory Topics:
  • Contraction of the Ileum: pharmacodynamics in action
  • Determination of renal damage
  • Pharmacological control of asthma
  • The effects of beta blockers on exercise
  • Testing chemotherapy drugs on cancer cells: the early stages of a drug development programme
  • Laboratories reports - 2 - 20% in total
  • Literature searching assignment - 5%
  • Essay - 15%
  • Final exam - 60%
Students should concentrate on lecture notes.
Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Interdisciplinary perspective, Lifelong learning, Communication, Critical thinking, Environmental literacy, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes
  • To establish a firm understanding of concepts important to the discipline of pharmacology and toxicology
  • To introduce concepts important in respiratory and cardiovascular pharmacology
  • To introduce the field of cancer and chemotherapy
  • To introduce the discipline of toxicology (mechanisms of chemical intoxication)
  • To outline the process of drug discovery - natural products, drug design and clinical trials
  • To acquire good skills in accessing, synthesising and interpreting information
  • To develop an evidence-based approach to pharmacological knowledge
  • To develop skills in science communications (i.e. research laboratory reports)

^ Top of page


Second Semester

Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system

Computer Lab

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
A1 Thursday 14:00-15:50 28
A2 Thursday 14:00-15:50 29


Stream Days Times Weeks
A1 Tuesday 13:00-13:50 28-34, 36-41
Thursday 13:00-13:50 28-34, 36-41


Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
A1 Thursday 14:00-17:50 30, 32, 34, 37, 39
A2 Thursday 14:00-17:50 31, 33, 36, 38, 40