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SANS112 Introductory Sanskrit 2

A continuation of SANS111, including the study of passages from the Bhagavad Gita and other texts.

Sanskrit is one of ancient languages of the world, the language of the Vedas of Hinduism and of Mahāyāna Buddhism. This paper is a continuation of Introductory Sanskrit I. It is intended to provide a working knowledge of basic Sanskrit grammar and an emphasis on the ability to read simple texts in Sanskrit. This paper is planned to the continuation of intermediate and advancing levels in Buddhist and Hindu studies.

Paper title Introductory Sanskrit 2
Paper code SANS112
Subject Sanskrit
EFTS 0.15
Points 18 points
Teaching period Not offered in 2021, expected to be offered in 2024 (Distance learning)
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $913.95
International Tuition Fees (NZD) $4,073.40

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SANS 111 or SANX 111
SANX 112
Schedule C
Arts and Music, Theology

Teaching staff

To be advised when paper next offered.

Paper Structure

This paper continues from SANS 111 and is divided into twelve lessons:

  • Lesson 16: The sandhi rules of final 'n', nouns in 'an', the imperfect for '√as', the dvandva compound
  • Lesson 17: The sandhi rules for final 't', nouns ending in 'ṛ', the future tense
  • Lesson 18: All remaining sandhi rules, nouns in 'u', the karmadhāraya and tatpuruṣa compound, summary of compounds
  • Lesson 19: Nominals ending in 'mat', 'vat', the suffixes 'mat', 'vat', 'ya', 'tva', the imperative, the upapada compound
  • Lesson 20: Verb classes 1, 4, 6, 10, verb class 8, passive construction
  • Lesson 21: Nouns in 'as', the bahuvrīhi compound
  • Lesson 22: The past passive participle, verb class 3, the prefixes 'su' and 'dus'
  • Lesson 23: Nouns ending in 'in', more class 3 verbs, verb class 7, internal sandhi
  • Lesson 24: The periphrastic future, the gerundive, verb class 5
  • Lesson 25: Pronominal adjectives, verb class 2, 9, summary of verb classes
  • Lesson 26: The tenses and moods, the perfect, interrogative pronouns, monosyllabic nouns, the optative
  • Lesson 27: Nouns ending in consonants, the infinitive, the pronoun 'etad'


  • Weekly exercise 10%
  • Assignment 1 10%
  • Assignment 2 20%
  • Final exam 60%
Teaching Arrangements
Two classes (two hours each) per week in which forms are introduced and practised and then revised in a subsequent class.

Classes for distance students are conducted using Zoom videoconferences.
Egenes, Thomas; Introduction to Sanskrit Part I. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 2013.
Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Communication, Ethics, Self-motivation.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes


  • The basic elements of classical Sanskrit grammar
  • The basic vocabulary of classical Sanskrit


  • The ability to translate the beginning of Sanskrit grammar
  • The ability to read and write in Devanāgarī script

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Not offered in 2021, expected to be offered in 2024

Teaching method
This paper is taught through Distance Learning
Learning management system