The backbone of medical decision making
Does this tissue sample contain cancer? What can this woman’s blood tell us about her health? Is this unborn child developing normally? Is this drug effectively stopping the infection? Did this man die of COVID–19?
Medical laboratory scientists are part of a highly-skilled team that works to solve the mysteries, put the pieces of the puzzle together and answer the critical questions of medicine. They play a crucial role in health care by providing laboratory tests and interpreting results to enable accurate diagnosis and treatment of patients. It’s a life-saving profession.
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What is a medical laboratory scientist?
Medical laboratory scientists are skilled health professionals who provide the laboratory-based tests and assays necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of patients. 70% of diagnoses made by clinical staff (such as doctors) depend on laboratory tests. In fact, the practice of modern medicine would not be possible without medical laboratory scientists.
In addition to working in hospital and community diagnostic laboratories, medical laboratory scientists play important roles in other areas such as medical research, forensic science, and biotechnology.
Medical laboratory science covers a wide range of subjects. As a medical laboratory scientist, you can choose to become a specialist in one particular area after you graduate:
- Chemical pathology – Changes in blood chemistry relating to illnesses like diabretes, cancer, drug dependency, and heart disease.
- Haematology – Detection of diseases related to blood such as leukaemia and bleeding disorders.
- Histology and cytology – Microscopic analysis of tissues and cells to identify abnormalities observed in cancer biopsies and cervical smears.
- Immunology – Tests for changes in the immune response indicating infection, gluten and other allergies, and autoimmune diseases.
- Microbiology and virology – Detection of harmful bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites causing diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia, and skin infections.
- Transfusion science – The use of blood products and blood group identification is essential for organ transplantation, blood transfusion, and clotting factor deficiencies.
- Molecular diagnostics – Nucleic acid testing has a wide range of applications. The ability to detect gene abnormalities has significantly advanced diagnosis and treatment of many diseases.
Why study Medical Laboratory Science?
The Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Science (BMLSc) is the only degree that enables you to enter the pathway to register as a medical laboratory scientist.
In the diagnostic medical laboratory, theoretical knowledge is combined with cutting edge technologies and sophisticated instrumentation to provide rapid, accurate and reliable results that are used by clinicians for the correct diagnosis and treatment of patients. The test results that medical laboratory scientists provide have an immediate impact on the care of patients, especially those who are critically ill.
The knowledge you acquire in the BMLSc degree will be directly applicable to your work as a medical laboratory scientist.
Demand for faster testing and constant monitoring of patients has taken some tests out of the laboratory to patients’ bedsides. This is called “point-of-care” testing. Another new role is that of the clinical scientist, a position of responsibility achieved through time in the medical laboratory workforce and further training.
There are no subject requirements for entry into the Health Sciences First Year (HSFY) programme, but we recommend you take Biology, Chemistry, and Physics in Year 13.
If considering tertiary study before enrolling in HSFY, you are strongly advised to contact Health Sciences Admissions beforehand.
Admission to the BMLSc programme
The BMLSc is a four-year degree, including Health Sciences First Year (HSFY).
All applicants seeking admission under the HSFY category must have passed all seven HSFY papers with at least a B- grade (65%) overall average. UCAT (the University Clinical Aptitude Test) is not required.
The Admissions Committee will firstly select from those applicants who are applying under Single Programme Preference. Thereafter if places are still available, the Committee will select from the applicants that have applied to multiple Health Sciences professional programmes.
There are other routes of admission for students who have completed two or more years of University study, or who are University graduates. International students should apply under the International category for admissions.
For more information about applying for admission to the programme, see:
If scientific research is your passion, a postgraduate degree provides an opportunity to further your education. If you gain your BMLSc with credit or distinction, you are eligible to apply for the Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Laboratory Science (PGDipMLSc). This is a one-year programme which can be undertaken in most areas of medical laboratory science.
If you then gain your PGDipMLSc with credit or distinction, you can undertake a further year of research and study to gain a Master of Medical Laboratory Science (MMLSc).
There are opportunities for high-achieving students to progress to a PhD through a further three-year programme of research and study.
Career in Medical Laboratory Science
The University of Otago BMLSc is an internationally-recognised qualification, enabling you to work around the world in:
- hospital and community diagnostic laboratories
- health research groups in universities, Crown Institutes, and the private sector
- companies supplying scientific instrumentation (research and development, sales, technical support)
- biotechnology companies
- Forensic science
- diagnostic and clinical education
- laboratory management
- veterinary pathology laboratories
- hospital mortuaries.
Career diversity is something we value. In addition to working in hospital and community diagnostic laboratories, medical laboratory science graduates often pursue other roles in medical science in the public and private sectors.
Explore your study options. Refer to enrolment information found on the following qualification pages:
- Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Science (BMLSc)
- Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Laboratory Science (PGDipMLSc)
- Master of Medical Laboratory Science (MMLSc)
Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Laboratory Science (PGDipMLSc)
MELS 510 Advanced Medical Laboratory Practice (45 points)
MELS 580 Research Project (45 points)
Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Science (BMLSc)
|1st year|| |
Note: Students enrolled in the Health Sciences First Year course will be required to achieve a satisfactory mark in a standard diagnostic English test or another approved measure of achievement.
|2nd year|| |
MELS 208 Introduction to Diagnostic Pathology
MELS 223 Infection and Immunity (for BMLSc)
MELS 230 Biochemistry (for BMLSc)
MELS 241 Human Biology: Cells to Systems (for BMLSc)
MELS 251 Physiology (for BMLSc)
|3rd year|| |
MELS 301 Diagnostic Chemical Pathology
MELS 302 Haematology and Transfusion Science
MELS 304 Principles of Pathology
MELS 305 Elements of Histotechnology
MELS 306 Medical Microbiology
|4th year|| |
MELS 401 Advanced Diagnostic Chemical Pathology
MELS 402 Clinical Microbiology
MELS 403 Clnical Virology
MELS 404 Diagnostic Molecular Pathology
MELS 405 Cytopathology
MELS 406 Haematology
MELS 407 Histopathology
MELS 408 Transfusion Science
MELS 409 Clinical Immunology
MELS 410 Medical Laboratory Science for Rural Health
Due to COVID-19 restrictions, a selection of on-campus papers will be made available via distance and online learning for eligible students.
Find out which papers are available and how to apply on our COVID-19 website
|Paper code||Year||Title||Points||Teaching period|
|MELS208||2022||Introduction to Diagnostic Pathology||45 points||Full Year|
|MELS223||2022||Infection and Immunity (for BMLSc)||18 points||Semester 2|
|MELS230||2022||Biochemistry (for BMLSc)||18 points||Semester 1|
|MELS241||2022||Human Biology: Cells to Systems (for BMLSc)||18 points||Semester 1|
|MELS251||2022||Physiology (for BMLSc)||21 points||Semester 1|
|MELS301||2022||Diagnostic Chemical Pathology||30 points||Semester 2|
|MELS302||2022||Haematology and Transfusion Science||30 points||Semester 2|
|MELS304||2022||Principles of Pathology||15 points||Semester 1|
|MELS305||2022||Elements of Histotechnology||15 points||Semester 1|
|MELS306||2022||Medical Microbiology||30 points||Semester 1|
|MELS401||2022||Advanced Diagnostic Chemical Pathology||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS402||2022||Clinical Microbiology||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS403||2022||Clinical Virology||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS404||2022||Diagnostic Molecular Pathology||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS405||2022||Cytopathology||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS406||2022||Haematology||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS407||2022||Histopathology||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS408||2022||Transfusion Science||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS409||2022||Clinical Immunology||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS410||2022||Medical Laboratory Science for Rural Health||60 points||Semester 1, Semester 2|
|MELS510||2022||Advanced Medical Laboratory Science Practice||45 points||Full Year|
|MELS580||2022||Research Project||45 points||Full Year|