- Professor Rachael Taylor
- Dr Kim Meredith-Jones
- Associate Professor Sheila Williams
- Professor Barry Taylor
How best to inform parents their child is overweight?
Up to 80% of parents of young children do not recognise that their child is overweight. Screening offers the opportunity to inform parents that there is a potential issue at an age where behavioural changes are thought to be more easily implemented within the family environment.
Health professionals are often reluctant to discuss weight with families and cite as major barriers:
- Lack of time
- Fear of impacting negatively on the doctor-patient relationship
- Lack of training
Over 1000 children participate in screening programme
We recently undertook a major screening programme – the Motivational Interviewing in Treatment (MInT) study – which aimed to determine how best to talk to parents about this issue.
More than 1000 children aged 4-8 years and their families attended a measurement session, where 271 children (25%) were found to be overweight. Parents of these children received information about their child’s weight status using a traffic light resource, before being invited into a two-year family-based behavioural intervention. We found that uptake into the intervention was high, with 76% participating.
Motivational interviewing vs usual care
Receiving the feedback via motivational interviewing or usual care made no difference to uptake. Most parents attended an interview two weeks later to assess their understanding of the weight feedback and what it meant to them.
This showed some interesting results in that while almost every parent remembered that their child was overweight only about half could explain what that actually meant in terms of their child’s health.
Because understanding is required for behaviour change, this casts some doubt on the inclusion of BMI screening in routine child health visits given that understanding was mixed in our sample. This was even though the feedback they received occurred over a 15-30 minute session – typically much longer than a routine health visit.
However, the traffic light charts were rated very positively by parents, indicating that they were a simple and clear visual way to present their child’s BMI information. The majority of parents were also very happy with the feedback process, which should allay concerns of health professionals in dealing with this issue.
Meredith-Jones, K., Williams, S., Galland, B., Kennedy, G., & Taylor, R. (2016). 24 h Accelerometry: Impact of sleep-screening methods on estimates of sedentary behaviour and physical activity while awake. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(7), 679-685. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1068438
Dawson, A.M., Brown, D.A., Cox, A., Williams, S.M., Treacy, L., Haszard, J.J., et al. (2013). Using motivational interviewing for weight feedback to parents of young children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 50(6), 461-470. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12518
Haszard, J.J., Williams, S.M., Dawson, A.M., Skidmore, P.M.L., & Taylor, R.W. (2013). Factor analysis of the comprehensive feeding practices questionnaire in a large sample of children. Appetite, 62 (1), 110-8.
Taylor, R.W., Williams, S.M., Dawson, A.M., Taylor, B.J., Meredith-Jones, K., & Brown, D.A. (2013). What factors influence uptake into family-based obesity treatment after weight screening? The Journal of Paediatrics, 163(6), 1657-1662.e1 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.08.033
Taylor, R.W., Brown, D., Dawson, A.M., Haszard, J., Cox, A., Rose, E.A., Taylor, B.J., Meredith-Jones, K., Treacy, L., Ross, J., & Williams, S.M. (2010) Motivational interviewing for screening and feedback and encouraging lifestyle changes to reduce relative weight in 4-8 year old children: design of the MInT study. BMC Public Health,10(1), 271. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-271