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Edgar Diabetes and Obesity Research staff profile

Associate Professor Rachael McLean

PositionAssociate Professor
DepartmentDepartment of Preventive and Social Medicine
QualificationsBA MB ChB MPH PhD(Otago) FNZCPHM
Research summaryPublic health nutrition, dietary sodium, obesity, non-communicable disease

Research

Rachael is a public health physician with an expertise in nutrition. She is researching the relationship between food, nutrition and chronic disease, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, and diabetes. Her research also focuses on environmental determinants of food and nutrition, with a focus on promoting equity.

Current research interests also include monitoring population dietary sodium intake, public health approaches to dietary sodium reduction, and the relationship between dietary sodium and cardiovascular disease.

Publications

McLean, R. M. (2023). Benefits of salt substitution in care facilities for the elderly. Nature Medicine, 29, 789-790. doi: 10.1038/s41591-023-02279-7

McLean, R. M., He, F. J., & MacGregor, G. A. (2023). Flawed research methods result in misleading conclusions. Journal of Human Hypertension. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41371-023-00818-w

Widyastuti, T. N., Turner, R., Harcombe, H., & McLean, R. (2023). Trends in body mass index of Indonesian adults between 1993 and 2014: A longitudinal population-based study. Public Health Nutrition. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1017/s1368980023000472

Eyles, H., Grey, J., Jiang, Y., Umali, E., McLean, R., Te Morenga, L., … Ni Mhurchu, C. (2023). Effectiveness of a sodium-reduction smartphone app and reduced-sodium salt to lower sodium intake in adults with hypertension: Findings from the salt alternatives randomized controlled trial. JMIR mHealth & uHealth, 11, e43675. doi: 10.2196/43675

McLean, R. M., Widyastuti, T. N., & Eyles, H. (2023). Effectiveness of WHO sodium benchmarks to reduce morbidity and mortality: Evidence from Australia. Hypertension, 80, 550-552. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.122.20522

McLean, R. M., & Wang, N. X. (2021). Potassium. In N. A. M. Eskin (Ed.), The latest research and development of minerals in human nutrition: Advances in food and nutrition research (Vol. 96). (pp. 89-121). Cambridge, MA: Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2021.02.013

Chapter in Book - Research

Mann, J., & McLean, R. (2017). Cardiovascular diseases. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (5th ed.) (pp. 381-407). Oxford University Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Coppell, K. J., & McLean, R. M. (2015). Risk factors for diabetes type 1 and type 2. In P. Peplow, J. Adams & T. Young (Eds.), Cardiovascular and metabolic disease: Scientific discoveries and new therapies (RSC Drug Discovery Series No. 45). (pp. 254-273). Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry. doi: 10.1039/9781782622390-00254

Chapter in Book - Research

McLean, R. M. (2015). Hypertension. In D. M. Bier, J. Mann, D. H. Alpers, H. H. E. Vorster & M. J. Gibney (Eds.), Nutrition for the primary care provider: World review of nutrition and dietetics (Vol. 111). (pp. 100-103). Basel, Switzerland: Karger. doi: 10.1159/000362306

Chapter in Book - Research

Hoek, J., & McLean, R. (2010). Changing food environment and obesity: An overview. In J. Pearce & K. Witten (Eds.), Geographies of obesity: Environmental understandings of the obesity epidemic. (pp. 57-78). Farnham, UK: Ashgate.

Chapter in Book - Research

Eyles, H., Grey, J., Jiang, Y., Umali, E., McLean, R., Te Morenga, L., … Ni Mhurchu, C. (2023). Effectiveness of a sodium-reduction smartphone app and reduced-sodium salt to lower sodium intake in adults with hypertension: Findings from the salt alternatives randomized controlled trial. JMIR mHealth & uHealth, 11, e43675. doi: 10.2196/43675

Journal - Research Article

Wang, N. X., McLean, R. M., Cameron, C., & Skeaff, S. A. (2023). The quantification of sodium intake from discretionary salt intake in New Zealand using the lithium-tagged salt method. Frontiers in Nutrition, 9, 1065710. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2022.1065710

Journal - Research Article

Widyastuti, T. N., Turner, R., Harcombe, H., & McLean, R. (2023). Trends in body mass index of Indonesian adults between 1993 and 2014: A longitudinal population-based study. Public Health Nutrition. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1017/s1368980023000472

Journal - Research Article

Campbell, N. R. C., Whelton, P. K., Orias, M., Wainford, R. D., Cappuccio, F. P., Ide, N., … McLean, R. M., … Zhang, X.-H. (2022). 2022 World Hypertension League, Resolve To Save Lives and International Society of Hypertension dietary sodium (salt) global call to action. Journal of Human Hypertension. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41371-022-00690-0

Journal - Research Article

Cappuccio, F. P., Campbell, N. R. C., He, F. J., Jacobson, M. F., MacGregor, G. A., Antman, E., … McLean, R. M., … Willett, W. (2022). Sodium and health: Old myths and a controversy based on denial. Current Nutrition Reports, 11, 172-184. doi: 10.1007/s13668-021-00383-z

Journal - Research Article

McKenzie, B. L., Waqa, G., Hart, A. C., Silatolu, A. M., Palagyi, A., Norton, R., McLean, R., & Webster, J. (2022). Gender roles, generational changes, and environmental challenges: An intersectional interpretation of perceptions on healthy diets among iTaukei women and men in Fiji. Public Health Nutrition, 25(11), 3146-3157. doi: 10.1017/s1368980022001677

Journal - Research Article

McKenzie, B. L., Waqa, G., Mounsey, S., Johnson, C., Woodward, M., Buse, K., … McLean, R., & Webster, J. (2022). Incorporating a gender lens into nutrition and health-related policies in Fiji: Analysis of policies and stakeholder perspectives. International Journal for Equity in Health, 21(1), 148. doi: 10.1186/s12939-022-01745-x

Journal - Research Article

McNoe, B. M., Marsh, L., Venter, N., Morgaine, K. C., Reeder, A. I., & McLean, R. M. (2022). National Sporting Organisation policies: A health promotion opportunity? Health Promotion Journal of Australia. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/hpja.601

Journal - Research Article

Peniamina, R., & McLean, R. (2022). Nutrition support in oncology care in Aotearoa New Zealand: Current practice, and where to from here? New Zealand Medical Journal, 135(1549), 11-25. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Wang, N. X., Skeaff, S., Cameron, C., Fleming, E., & McLean, R. M. (2022). Sodium in the New Zealand diet: Proposed voluntary food reformulation targets will not meet the WHO goal of a 30% reduction in total sodium intake. European Journal of Nutrition. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s00394-022-02864-5

Journal - Research Article

Xie, Z., Zhang, K. Z., Thein, H., Kataoka, M., & McLean, R. (2022). We are Asian people, you know": Perspectives and experiences of New Zealand Asian in-centre haemodialysis patients. Renal Society of Australasia Journal, 18(2), 62-67. doi: 10.33235/rsaj.18.2.62-67

Journal - Research Article

Gage, R., Girling-Butcher, M., Joe, E., Smith, M., Ni Mhurchu, C., McKerchar, C., Puloka, V., McLean, R., & Signal, L. (2021). The frequency and context of snacking among children: An objective analysis using wearable cameras. Nutrients, 13, 103. doi: 10.3390/nu13010103

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M., Xie, Z., Nelson, V., Nosa, V., Po’e-Tofaeono, A., Walker, R., & Wyeth, E. H. (2021). Experiences of New Zealand haemodialysis patients in relation to food and nutrition management: A qualitative study. Nutrients, 13(7), 2299. doi: 10.3390/nu13072299

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., & Miller, J. C. (2021). Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body mass index to change in obesity and underweight. eLIFE, 10, e60060. doi: 10.7554/eLife.60060

Journal - Research Article

Peniamina, R., Davies, C., Moata'ane, L., Signal, L., Tavite, H., Te Morenga, L., & McLean, R. (2021). Food, nutrition and cancer: Perspectives and experiences of New Zealand cancer survivors. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1545), 22-35. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Te Morenga, L., Kruimer, D., McLean, R., Sabadel, A. J. M., Van Hale, R., Tatin, X., … Mann, J., & Merriman, T. (2021). Associations between sugars intakes and urinary sugars excretion and carbon stable isotope ratios in red blood cells as biomarkers of sugars intake in a predominantly Māori population. Frontiers in Nutrition, 8, 637267. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2021.637267

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., & Miller, J. C. (2020). National trends in total cholesterol obscure heterogeneous changes in HDL and non-HDL cholesterol and total-to-HDL cholesterol ratio: A pooled analysis of 458 population-based studies in Asian and Western countries. International Journal of Epidemiology, 49(1), 173-192. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyz099

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2020). Height, Body-mass index trajectories of school-aged children and adolescents from 1985 to 2019 in 200 countries and territories: A pooled analysis of 2181 population-based studies with 65 million participants. Lancet, 396(10261), 1511-1522. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31859-6

Journal - Research Article

Santos, J. A., Li, K. C., Huang, L., McLean, R., Petersen, K., Di Tanna, G. L., & Webster, J. (2020). Change in mean salt intake over time using 24-h urine versus overnight and spot urine samples: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition Journal, 19(1), 136. doi: 10.1186/s12937-020-00651-8

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R., Cameron, C., Butcher, E., Cook, N. R., Woodward, M., & Campbell, N. R. C. (2019). Comparison of 24-hour urine and 24-hour diet recall for estimating dietary sodium intake in populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 21(12), 1753-1762. doi: 10.1111/jch.13729

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2019). Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults. Nature, 569(7755), 260-264. doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1171-x

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2019). Long-term and recent trends in hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in 12 high-income countries: An analysis of 123 nationally representative surveys. Lancet, 394, 639-651. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(19)31145-6

Journal - Research Article

Peniamina, R., Skeaff, S., Haszard, J. J., & McLean, R. (2019). Comparison of 24-h diet records, 24-h urine, and duplicate diets for estimating dietary intakes of potassium, sodium, and iodine in children. Nutrients, 11(12), 2927. doi: 10.3390/nu11122927

Journal - Research Article

Eyles, H., Bhana, N., Lee, S. E., McLean, R., Nowson, C., & Wall, C. (2018). Measuring children’s sodium and potassium intakes in NZ: A pilot study. Nutrients, 10, 1198. doi: 10.3390/nu10091198

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M., Farmer, V. L., Nettleton, A., Cameron, C. M., Cook, N. R., Woodward, M., … TRUE Consortium (International Consortium for Quality Research on Dietary Sodium/Salt). (2018). Twenty-four–hour diet recall and diet records compared with 24-hour urinary excretion to predict an individual’s sodium consumption: A systematic review. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 20(10), 1360-1376. doi: 10.1111/jch.13391

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M., Williams, S. M., Te Morenga, L. A., & Mann, J. I. (2018). Spot urine and 24-h diet recall estimates of dietary sodium intake from the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survery: A comparison. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72, 1120-1127. doi: 10.1038/s41430-018-0176-0

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2018). Contributions of mean and shape of blood pressure distribution to worldwide trends and variations in raised blood pressure: A pooled analysis of 1018 population-based measurement studies with 88.6 million participants. International Journal of Epidemiology, 47(3), 872-883i. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyy016

Journal - Research Article

Shearer, D. M., Thomson, W. M., Cameron, C. M., Ramrakha, S., Wilson, G., Wong, T. Y., Williams, M. J. A., McLean, R., Theodore, R., & Poulton, R. (2018). Periodontitis and multiple markers of cardiometabolic risk in the fourth decade: A cohort study. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology, 46(6), 615-623. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12414

Journal - Research Article

Williams Erickson, L., Taylor, R. W., Haszard, J. J., Fleming, E. A., Daniels, L., Morison, B. J., Leong, C., Fangupo, L. J., Wheeler, B. J., Taylor, B. J., Te Morenga, L., McLean, R. M., & Heath, A.-L. M. (2018). Impact of a modified version of baby-led weaning on infant food and nutrient intakes: The BLISS randomized controlled trial. Nutrients, 10(6), 740. doi: 10.3390/nu10060740

Journal - Research Article

Xie, Z., McLean, R., & Marshall, M. (2018). Dietary sodium and other nutrient intakes among patients undergoing hemodialysis in New Zealand. Nutrients, 10(4), 502. doi: 10.3390/nu10040502

Journal - Research Article

Eyles, H., McLean, R., Neal, B., Jiang, Y., Doughty, R. N., McLean, R., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2017). A salt-reduction smartphone app supports lower-salt food purchases for people with cardiovascular disease: Findings from the SaltSwitch randomised controlled trial. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 24(3), 1435-1444. doi: 10.1177/2047487317715713

Journal - Research Article

Kibblewhite, R., Nettleton, A., McLean, R., Haszard, J., Fleming, E., Kruimer, D., & Te Morenga, L. (2017). Estimating free and added sugar intakes in New Zealand. Nutrients, 9(12), 1292. doi: 10.3390/nu9121292

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M., Farmer, V. L., Nettleson, A., Cameron, C. M., Cook, N. R., Campbell, N. R. C., & TRUE Consortium (International Consortium for Quality Research on Dietary Sodium/Salt). (2017). Assessment of dietary sodium intake using a food frequency questionnaire and 24-hour urinary sodium excretion: A systematic literature review. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 19(12), 1214-1230. doi: 10.1111/jch.13148

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2017). Worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015: A pooled analysis of 1479 population-based measurement studies with 19.1 million participants. Lancet, 389(10064), 37-55. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31919-5

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2017). Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: A pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128.9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet, 390(10113), 2627-2642. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(17)32129-3

Journal - Research Article

Ning, S. X., Mainvil, L. A., Thomson, R. K., & McLean, R. M. (2017). Dietary sodium reduction in New Zealand: Influence of the Tick label. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 26(6), 1133-1138. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.032017.06

Journal - Research Article

Edmonds, J. C., McLean, R. M., Williams, S. M., & Skeaff, S. A. (2016). Urinary iodine concentration of New Zealand adults improves with mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt but not to predicted levels. European Journal of Nutrition, 55(3), 1201-1212. doi: 10.1007/s00394-015-0933-y

Journal - Research Article

Huang, L., Crino, M., Wu, J. H. Y., Woodward, M., Barzi, F., Land, M.-A., McLean, R., … Neal, B. (2016). Mean population salt intake estimated from 24-h urine samples and spot urine samples: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 45(1), 239-250. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyv313

Journal - Research Article

Jones, E., McLean, R., Davies, B., Hawkins, R., Meiklejohn, E., Ma, Z. F., & Skeaff, S. (2016). Adequate iodine status in New Zealand school children post-fortification of bread with iodised salt. Nutrients, 8(5), 298. doi: 10.3390/nu8050298

Journal - Research Article

Lofthouse, C., Te Morenga, L., & McLean, R. (2016). Sodium reduction in New Zealand requires major behaviour change. Appetite, 105, 721-730. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.07.006

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2016). A century of trends in adult human height. eLIFE, 5, e13410. doi: 10.7554/eLife.13410

Journal - Research Article

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), including Mann, J. I., McLean, R. M., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2016). Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: A pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19.2 million participants. Lancet, 387(10026), 1377-1396. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30054-X

Journal - Research Article

Prentice, C. A., Smith, C., & McLean, R. M. (2016). Sodium in commonly consumed fast foods in New Zealand: A public health opportunity. Public Health Nutrition, 19(6), 958-966. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015001731

Journal - Research Article

Shearer, D. M., Thomson, W. M., Broadbent, J. M., McLean, R., Poulton, R., & Mann, J. (2016). High-risk glycated hemoglobin trajectories established by mid-20s: Findings from a birth cohort study. BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care, 4(1), e000243. doi: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2016-000243

Journal - Research Article

Thomson, R. K., McLean, R. M., Ning, S. X., & Mainvil, L. A. (2016). Tick front-of-pack label has a positive nutritional impact on foods sold in New Zealand. Public Health Nutrition, 19(16), 2949-2958. doi: 10.1017/S1368980016001208

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R., Edmonds, J., Williams, S., Mann, J., & Skeaff, S. (2015). Balancing sodium and potassium: Estimates of intake in a New Zealand adult population sample. Nutrients, 7(11), 8930-8938. doi: 10.3390/nu7115439

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M. (2014). Measuring population sodium intake: A review of methods. Nutrients, 6(11), 4651-4662. doi: 10.3390/nu6114651

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R., & Hoek, J. (2014). Sodium and nutrition labelling: A qualitative study exploring New Zealand consumers' food purchasing behaviours. Public Health Nutrition, 17(5), 1138-1146. doi: 10.1017/s1368980013001079

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R., Williams, S., & Mann, J. (2014). Monitoring population sodium intake using spot urine samples: Validation in a New Zealand population. Journal of Human Hypertension, 28, 657-662. doi: 10.1038/jhh.2014.10

Journal - Research Article

Smith, M., Jenkin, G., Signal, L., & McLean, R. (2014). Consuming calories and creating cavities: Beverages NZ children associate with sport. Appetite, 81, 209-217. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.06.015

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M., Williams, S., Mann, J. I., Miller, J. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2013). Blood pressure and hypertension in New Zealand: Results from the 2008/09 Adult Nutrition Survey. New Zealand Medical Journal, 126(1372). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R., Hoek, J., & Hedderley, D. (2012). Effects of alternative label formats on choice of high- and low-sodium products in a New Zealand population sample. Public Health Nutrition, 15(5), 783-791. doi: 10.1017/s1368980011003508

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M., Mann, J. I., & Hoek, J. (2011). World Salt Awareness Week: More action needed in New Zealand [Viewpoint]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 124(1332). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/124-1332/4607/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M., Hoek, J. A., Buckley, S., Croxson, B., Cumming, J., Ehau, T. H., Fa'asalele Tanuvasa, A., Johnston, M., Mann, J. I., & Schofield, G. (2009). ″Healthy Eating - Healthy Action″: Evaluating New Zealand's obesity prevention strategy. BMC Public Health, 9, 452. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-452

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R., & Connor, J. (2009). Alcohol and injury: A survey in primary care settings. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1303). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1303/3798/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Palmer, S. E., McLean, R. M., Ellis, P. M., & Harrison-Woolrych, M. (2008). Life-threatening clozapine-induced gastrointestinal hypomotility: An analysis of 102 cases. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69(5), 759-768.

Journal - Research Article

McLean, R. M., & Harrison-Woolrych, M. (2007). Alopecia associated with quetiapine. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 22(2), 117-119. doi: 10.1097/YIC.0b013e3280117fff

Journal - Research Article

Harrison-Woolrych, M., Herbison, P., McLean, R., Ashton, J., & Slattery, J. (2005). Incidence of thrombotic cardiovascular events in patients taking celecoxib compared with those taking rofecoxib. Drug Safety, 28(5), 435-442.

Journal - Research Article

Beck, E. J., Ball, L., Lepre, B. M., McLean, R., Wall, C., Adamski, M., … Crowley, J. (2023). Now is the time to act on nutrition in medical education. Medical Journal of Australia. Advance online publication. doi: 10.5694/mja2.51829

Journal - Research Other

Campbell, N. R. C., Cappuccio, F. P., McLean, R. M., He, F. J., & MacGregor, G. A. (2023). Comment on Hogas et al. Salt, not always a cardiovascular enemy? A mini-review and modern perspective. Medicina 2022, 58, 1175. Medicina, 59, 51. doi: 10.3390/medicina59010051

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R. M. (2023). Benefits of salt substitution in care facilities for the elderly. Nature Medicine, 29, 789-790. doi: 10.1038/s41591-023-02279-7

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R. M., He, F. J., & MacGregor, G. A. (2023). Flawed research methods result in misleading conclusions. Journal of Human Hypertension. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41371-023-00818-w

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R. M., Widyastuti, T. N., & Eyles, H. (2023). Effectiveness of WHO sodium benchmarks to reduce morbidity and mortality: Evidence from Australia. Hypertension, 80, 550-552. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.122.20522

Journal - Research Other

Campbell, N. R. C., He, F. J., Cappuccio, F. P., MacGregor, G. A., & McLean, R. M. (2022). Levels of dietary sodium intake: Diverging associations with arterial stiffness and Atheromatosis: Concerns about the evidence review and methods. Hellenic Journal of Cardiology, 63, 92-93. doi: 10.1016/j.hjc.2021.06.001

Journal - Research Other

Campbell, N. R. C., He, F. J., McLean, R. M., Cappuccio, F. P., Woodward, M., MacGregor, G. A., … Mitchell, I. (2022). Dietary sodium and cardiovascular disease in China: Addressing the authors’ response, statements and claims. Journal of Hypertension, 40(9), 1831-1836. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000003122

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R. (2022). Low sodium salt substitutes: A tool for sodium reduction and cardiovascular health. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 8, ED000158. doi: 10.1002/14651858.Ed000158

Journal - Research Other

Campbell, N. R. C., He, F. J., McLean, R. M., Woodward, M., MacGregor, G. A., & Cappuccio, F. P. (2021). Dietary sodium and cardiovascular disease in China: Concerns about the methods, conclusions, and evidence review. Journal of Hypertension, 39(7), 1466-1467. doi: 10.1097/hjh.0000000000002873

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R. M., & Campbell, N. (2021). Spot urine is a poor predictor of dietary sodium intake in individuals. American Journal of Hypertension, 34(7), 773. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpab045

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R. (2020). Dietary salt reduction for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in Nepal. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 22, 280-282. doi: 10.1111/jch.13805

Journal - Research Other

O'Toole, C., Gage, R., McKerchar, C., Puloka, V., McLean, R., & Signal, L. (2020). Is snacking the new eating norm for New Zealand children? An urgent call for research. New Zealand Medical Journal, 133(1517), 131-132. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Petersen, K. S., Malta, D., Rae, S., Dash, S., Webster, J., McLean, R., … Arcand, J. (2020). Further evidence that methods based on spot urine samples should not be used to examine sodium-disease relationships from the Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of salt and health outcomes (November 2018 to August 2019) [Policy statement from the World Hypertension League]. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 22(10), 1741-1753. doi: 10.1111/jch.13958

Journal - Research Other

Campbell, N. R. C., He, F. J., Tan, M., Cappuccio, F. P., Neal, B., Woodward, M., … McLean, R., … Lackland, D. T. (2019). The International Consortium for Quality Research on Dietary Sodium/Salt (TRUE) position statement on the use of 24-hour, spot, and short duration (<24 hours) timed urine collections to assess dietary sodium intake. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 21, 700-709. doi: 10.1111/jch.13551

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R. M., Petersen, K. S., Arcand, J., Malta, D., Rae, S., Thout, S. R., … Campbell, N. R. C. (2019). Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of salt and health outcomes studies (April to October 2018). Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 21, 1030-1042. doi: 10.1111/jch.13611

Journal - Research Other

Santos, J. A., Sparks, E., Thout, S. R., McKenzie, B., Trieu, K., Hoek, A., … McLean, R., … Webster, J. (2019). The Science of Salt: A global review on changes in sodium levels in foods. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 21, 1043-1056. doi: 10.1111/jch.13628

Journal - Research Other

Thout, S. R., Santos, J. A., McKenzie, B., Trieu, K., Johnson, C., McLean, R., … Webster, J. (2019). The Science of Salt: Updating the evidence on global estimates of salt intake. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 21(6), 710-721. doi: 10.1111/jch.13546

Journal - Research Other

Lucko, A. M., Doktorchik, C., Woodward, M., Cogswell, M., Neal, B., Rabi, D., … McLean, R., … for the TRUE Consortium. (2018). Percentage of ingested sodium excreted in 24-hour urine collections: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 20, 1220-1229. doi: 10.1111/jch.13353

Journal - Research Other

Mann, J., Meerpohl, J., Nishida, C., McLean, R., & Te Morenga, L. (2018). Associations of fats and carbohydrates with cardiovascular disease and mortality: PURE and simple? Lancet, 391(10131), 1676. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30804-3

Journal - Research Other

McKenzie, B., Santos, J., Trieu, K., Thout, S. R., Johnson, C., Arcand, J., … McLean, R. (2018). The Science of Salt: A focused review on salt-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors, and gender differences. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 20(5), 850-866. doi: 10.1111/jch.13289

Journal - Research Other

Johnson, C., Santos, J. A., McKenzie, B., Thout, S. R., Trieu, K., McLean, R., … Webster, J. (2017). The Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of the implementation of salt reduction interventions (September 2016-February 2017). Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 19(10), 928-938. doi: 10.1111/jch.13099

Journal - Research Other

Santos, J. A., Trieu, K., Raj, T. S., Arcand, J., Johnson, C., Webster, J., & McLean, R. (2017). The Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of the implementation of salt reduction interventions (March-August 2016). Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 19(4), 439-451. doi: 10.1111/jch.12971

Journal - Research Other

TRUE Consortium, including McLean, R. (2017). Recommended standards for assessing blood pressure in human research where blood pressure or hypertension is a major focus. Journal of Human Hypertension, 31(8), 487-490. doi: 10.1038/jhh.2017.10

Journal - Research Other

Webster, J., Waqanivalu, T., Arcand, J., Trieu, K., Cappuccio, F. P., Appel, L. J., … McLean, R. (2017). Understanding the science that supports population-wide salt reduction programs. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 196, 569-576. doi: 10.1111/jch.12994

Journal - Research Other

Arcand, J., Webster, J., Johnston, C., Raj, T. S., Neal, B., McLean, R., … Campbell, N. R. C. (2016). Announcing "Up to Date in the Science of Sodium". Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 18(2), 85-88. doi: 10.1111/jch.12732

Journal - Research Other

Arcand, J., Wong, M. M. Y., Trieu, K., Leung, A. A., Campbell, N. R. C., Webster, J., … McLean, R., & Neal, B. (2016). The Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of salt and health outcomes (June and July 2015). Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 18(5), 371-377. doi: 10.1111/jch.12762

Journal - Research Other

Johnson, C., Raj, T. S., Trieu, K., Arcand, J., Wong, M. M. Y., McLean, R., … Webster, J. (2016). The Science of Salt: A systematic review of quality clinical salt outcome studies June 2014 to May 2015. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 18(9), 823-839. doi: 10.1111/jch.12877

Journal - Research Other

Mann, J., Te Morenga, L., McLean, R., Swinburn, B., Ni Mhurchu, C., Jackson, R., Kennedy, J., & Beaglehole, R. (2016). Dietary guidelines on trial: The charges are not evidence based. Lancet, 388(10047), 851-853. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31278-8

Journal - Research Other

Trieu, K., McLean, R., Johnson, C., Santos, J. A., Angell, B., Arcand, J., … Webster, J. (2016). The Science of Salt: A regularly updated systematic review of the implementation of salt reduction interventions (June-October 2015). Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 18(6), 487-494. doi: 10.1111/jch.12806

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R., Skeaff, M., Mann, J., & Te Morenga, L. (2015). Are some diets "mass murder"? Dietary guidelines worldwide advise limiting saturated fat in favour of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. BMJ, 350, h625. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h625

Journal - Research Other

Skeaff, M., Mann, J., Te Morenga, L., & McLean, R. (2015). Effects of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets. Annals of Internal Medicine, 162(5), 392-393. doi: 10.7326/L15-5192-4

Journal - Research Other

Theodore, R., McLean, R., & Te Morenga, L. (2015). Challenges to addressing obesity for Māori in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39(6), 509-512. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12418

Journal - Research Other

Mann, J., McLean, R., Skeaff, M., & Te Morenga, L. (2014). Low carbohydrate diets: Going against the grain. Lancet, 384(9953), 1479-1480. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61413-6

Journal - Research Other

McLean, R., & Mann, J. (2014). Tackling obesity: A call to action. New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1406). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Te Morenga, L., McLean, R., Skeaff, M., & Mann, J. (2014). Advice to reduce total and saturated fat, revisited. New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1392). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Mann, J., McLean, R., & Te Morenga, L. (2013). Evidence favours an association between saturated fat intake and coronary heart disease. BMJ, 347, f6851. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f6851

Journal - Research Other

Ellis, P. M., McLean, R. M., & Harrison-Woolrych, M. (2007). Clozapine: Fatal 'constipation' more common than fatal agranulocytosis. Prescriber Update, 28(1), 7. Retrieved from https://www.medsafe.govt.nz/publications/prescriber-update.asp

Journal - Research Other

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