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Ahorangi / Professor Joanne Baxter

PositionDirector Kōhatu Centre for Hauora Māori, Professor Māori Health
QualificationsBHB MB ChB(Auck) MPH(Otago) FAFPHM FNZCPHM
Research summaryResearch focused on Māori Health, equity, public health, and the health workforce.
TeachingLeader of Māori Health major in the Bachelor of Health Science and co-convenor of a new post-graduate paper in Māori health.
MembershipsNumerous internal and external committees including the National Health Workforce Advisory Committee
ClinicalPublic health physician who teaches Māori health and works to support health service and policy responses to equity and Te Tiriti.

Research

Joanne Baxter (Poutini Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Apa ki te Rā Tō) is a Public Health Medicine Physician. She is director of the Division of Health Science Kōhatu Centre for Hauora Māori and Co-Director of the Māori Health Workforce Development Unit. She is also a member of the Ministry of Health’s Health Workforce Advisory Board.

Joanne is recognised for her research on Māori mental health, ethnic health inequalities, indigenous medical education and Māori health workforce development.

Joanne has played a critical role in strategic Māori development within the Health Sciences Division including leading a team to dramatically increase the recruitment, retention and achievement of Māori students in health sciences and health professional programmes.

Additional details

Jo is the Director, Kōhatu Centre for Hauora Māori, in the Division of Health Sciences.

Publications

Crampton, P., Baxter, J., & Bristowe, Z. (2021). Selection of Māori students into medicine: Re-imagining merit: Exploring some of the sociological reasons that might explain the exclusion of Māori from the medical workforce. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1543), 59-68. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Hudson, B., Pitama, S., McBain, L., Robson, B., Stokes, T., Baxter, J., & Crampton, P. (2021). A brief response to Hawkins: A call for socially responsive research in Māori health. Journal of Primary Health Care, 13(3), 204. doi: 10.1071/hc21094

Thomson, R., Baxter, J., Bristowe, Z., Crampton, P., Rangi, A., & Spears, A. (2021). Empowering equity: Striving for socio-economic equity in the Aotearoa New Zealand health workforce. Clinical Teacher. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/tct.13409

McAnally, H. M., Sligo, J. L., Baxter, J., Tansley, J. E., Bolton, A. E., & Hancox, R. J. (2021). Changes to family structure, household composition and address among young New Zealanders: An update. Kōtuitui. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2021.1957946

Jaffee, S. R., Sligo, J. L., McAnally, H. M., Bolton, A. E., Baxter, J. M., & Hancox, R. J. (2020). Early-onset and recurrent depression in parents increases risk of intergenerational transmission to adolescent offspring. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.13356

Wells, J. E., Baxter, J., & Schaaf, D. (Eds.). (2006). Substance use disorders in Te Rau Hinengaro: The New Zealand Mental Health Survey. Wellington, New Zealand: Alcohol Advisory Council of New Zealand, 138p.

Edited Book - Research

Baxter, J. (2020). Māori perspectives. In A. Douglass, G. Young & J. McMillan (Eds.), Assessment of mental capacity: A New Zealand guide for doctors and lawyers. (pp. 153-172). Wellington, New Zealand: Victoria University of Wellington Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Jackson, A.-M., Baxter, J., & Hakopa, H. (2018). Hauora Māori: He Tīmatanga: Māori health: An introduction. In M. Reilly, S. Duncan, G. Leoni, L. Paterson, L. Carter, M. Rātima & P. Rewi (Eds.), Te Kōparapara: An introduction to the Māori world. (pp. 324-342). Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Hancox, B., Baxter, J., & Poulton, R. (2010). Research strategies for studying development. In J. Low & P. Jose (Eds.), Lifespan development: New Zealand perspectives. (2nd ed.) (pp. 2-11). Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson.

Chapter in Book - Research

Baxter, J. (2007). Mental health: Psychiatric disorder and suicide. In B. Robson & R. Harris (Eds.), Hauora: Māori standards of health IV: A study of the years 2000-2005. (pp. 121-139). Wellington, New Zealand: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare, University of Otago.

Chapter in Book - Research

Hancox, B., Baxter, J., & Poulton, R. (2006). Research strategies for studying development. In J. Low & P. Jose (Eds.), Lifespan development: New Zealand perspectives. (pp. 9-18). Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson Education New Zealand.

Chapter in Book - Research

Baxter, J. M. (1998). Culture and Women's Mental Health: International Perspectives and Issues for Aotearoa/New Zealand. In S. E. Romans (Ed.), Folding Back the Shadows. A perspective on women's mental health. (pp. 63-86). Dunedin: University of Otago Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Romans, S., Walsh, A. E. S., & Baxter, J. M. (1997). Women. In P. M. Ellis & S. C. D. Collings (Eds.), Mental Health in New Zealand from a Public Health Perspective. (pp. 184-201). Wellington: Ministry of Health.

Chapter in Book - Research

Crampton, P., Baxter, J., & Bristowe, Z. (2021). Selection of Māori students into medicine: Re-imagining merit: Exploring some of the sociological reasons that might explain the exclusion of Māori from the medical workforce. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1543), 59-68. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

McAnally, H. M., Sligo, J. L., Baxter, J., Tansley, J. E., Bolton, A. E., & Hancox, R. J. (2021). Changes to family structure, household composition and address among young New Zealanders: An update. Kōtuitui. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2021.1957946

Journal - Research Article

Thomson, R., Baxter, J., Bristowe, Z., Crampton, P., Rangi, A., & Spears, A. (2021). Empowering equity: Striving for socio-economic equity in the Aotearoa New Zealand health workforce. Clinical Teacher. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/tct.13409

Journal - Research Article

Cunningham, R., Crowe, M., Stanley, J., Haitana, T., Pitama, S., Porter, R., Baxter, J., Huria, T., Mulder, R., Clark, M. T. R., & Lacey, C. (2020). Gender and mental health service use in bipolar disorder: National cohort study. BJPsych Open, 6(6), 138. doi: 10.1192/bjo.2020.117

Journal - Research Article

Dummer, J., Tumilty, E., Hannah, D., McAuley, K., Baxter, J., Doolan-Noble, F., … Stokes, T. (2020). Health care utilisation and health needs of people with severe COPD in the southern region of New Zealand: A retrospective case note review. COPD, 17(2), 136-142. doi: 10.1080/15412555.2020.1724275

Journal - Research Article

Jaffee, S. R., Sligo, J. L., McAnally, H. M., Bolton, A. E., Baxter, J. M., & Hancox, R. J. (2020). Early-onset and recurrent depression in parents increases risk of intergenerational transmission to adolescent offspring. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.13356

Journal - Research Article

Tumilty, E., Doolan-Noble, F., Tiatia Fa'atoese Latu, A., McAuley, K., Dummer, J., Baxter, J., Hannah, D., … Stokes, T. (2020). 'A balancing act': Living with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in southern New Zealand: A qualitative study. Journal of Primary Health Care, 12(2), 166-172. doi: 10.1071/HC20007

Journal - Research Article

Stokes, T., Tumilty, E., Tiatia Fa'atoese Latu, A., Doolan-Noble, F., Baxter, J., McAuley, K., … Dummer, J. (2019). Improving access to health care for people with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in southern New Zealand: Qualitative study of the views of health professional stakeholders and patients. BMJ Open, 9, e033524. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033524

Journal - Research Article

Egan, R., MacLeod, R., Jaye, C., McGee, R., Baxter, J., Herbison, P., & Wood, S. (2017). Spiritual beliefs, practices, and needs at the end of life: Results from a New Zealand national hospice study. Palliative & Supportive Care, 15(2), 223-230. doi: 10.1017/s147895151600064x

Journal - Research Article

Sligo, J. L., McAnally, H. M., Tansley, J. E., Baxter, J. M., Bolton, A. E., Skillander, K. M., & Hancox, R. J. (2017). The dynamic, complex and diverse living and care arrangements of young New Zealanders: Implications for policy. Kōtuitui, 12(1), 41-55. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2016.1196715

Journal - Research Article

Craig, E., Baker, N., Baxter, J., & Jackson, C. (2016). Creating a child and youth health monitoring framework to inform health sector prioritisation and planning: Reflections on ten years' experience in New Zealand. Child Indicators Research, 9(4), 1139-1159. doi: 10.1007/s12187-015-9357-8

Journal - Research Article

McCallum, J., Craig, L., Whittaker, I., & Baxter, J. (2015). Ethnic differences in acute hospitalisations for otitis media and elective hospitalisations for ventilation tubes in New Zealand children aged 0-14 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 128(1416). Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Egan, R., MacLeod, R., Jaye, C., McGee, R., Baxter, J., & Herbison, P. (2014). The spiritual environment in New Zealand hospice care: Identifying organisational commitment to spiritual care. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care, 4, 299-302. doi: 10.1136/bmjspcare-2013-000632

Journal - Research Article

Egan, R., MacLeod, R., Jaye, C., McGee, R., Baxter, J., & Herbison, P. (2011). What is spirituality? Evidence from a New Zealand hospice study. Mortality, 16(4), 307-324. doi: 10.1080/13576275.2011.613267

Journal - Research Article

Scott, K. M., Kokaua, J., & Baxter, J. (2011). Does having a chronic physical condition affect the likelihood of treatment seeking for a mental health problem and does this vary by ethnicity. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 42(4), 421-436.

Journal - Research Article

Kypri, K., Paschall, M. J., Langley, J. D., Baxter, J., & Bourdeau, B. (2010). The role of drinking locations in university student drinking: Findings from a national web-based survey. Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 111, 38-43. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.03.018

Journal - Research Article

Kypri, K., Paschall, M. J., Langley, J., Baxter, J., Cashell-Smith, M., & Bourdeau, B. (2009). Drinking and alcohol-related harm among New Zealand university students: Findings from a national web-based survey. Alcoholism, 33(2), 307-314. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2008.00834.x

Journal - Research Article

Wells, J. E., McGee, M. A., Baxter, J., Agnew, F., Kokaua, J., for the New Zealand Mental Health Survey Research Team. (2009). Onset and lifetime use of drugs in New Zealand: Results from Te Rau Hinengaro: The New Zealand Mental Health Survey 2003-2004. Drug & Alcohol Review, 28(2), 166-174. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2008.00043.x

Journal - Research Article

Kypri, K., Bell, M. L., Hay, G. C., & Baxter, J. (2008). Alcohol outlet density and university student drinking: A national study. Addiction, 103(7), 1131-1138.

Journal - Research Article

Scott, K., McGee, M. A., Schaaf, D., & Baxter, J. (2008). Mental-physical comorbidity in an ethnically diverse population. Social Science & Medicine, 66, 1165-1173. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.11.022

Journal - Research Article

Baxter, J., Kingi, T., Tapsell, R., Durie, M., McGee, M. A., for the New Zealand Mental Health Survey Research Team. (2006). Prevalence of mental disorders among Māori in Te Rau Hinengaro: The New Zealand Mental Health Survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 914-923.

Journal - Research Article

Baxter, J., Kokaua, J., Wells, J. E., McGee, M. A., Oakley Browne, M. A., for the New Zealand Mental Health Survey Research Team. (2006). Ethnic comparisons of the 12 month prevalence of mental disorders and treatment contact in Te Rau Hinengaro: The New Zealand Mental Health Survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 905-913.

Journal - Research Article

Poulton, R., Hancox, R., Milne, B., Baxter, J., Scott, K., & Wilson, N. (2006). The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study: Are its findings consistent with the overall New Zealand population? New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1235). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/119-1235/2002/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Wells, J. E., Oakley Browne, M. A., Scott, K. M., McGee, M. A., Baxter, J., Kokaua, J., for the New Zealand Mental Health Survey Research Team. (2006). Prevalence, interference with life and severity of 12 month DSM-IV disorders in Te Rau Hinengaro: The New Zealand Mental Health Survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 845-854.

Journal - Research Article

Wells, J. E., Oakley Browne, M. A., Scott, K. M., McGee, M. A., Baxter, J., Kokaua, J., for the New Zealand Mental Health Survey Research Team. (2006). Te Rau Hinengaro: The New Zealand Mental Health Survey: Overview of methods and findings. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 835-844.

Journal - Research Article

Kypri, K., & Baxter, J. (2004). Smoking in a New Zealand university student sample. New Zealand Medical Journal, 117(1190). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/117-1190/794/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Sargent, M., Begg, D., Broughton, J., Stephenson, S., Wright, C., & Baxter, J. (2004). Motor vehicle traffic crashes involving Maori. New Zealand Medical Journal, 117(1188). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/117-1188/746/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Keefe-Ormsby, V., Reid, P., Ormsby, C., Robson, B. H., Purdie, G. L., Baxter, J. M., & Ngati Kahungunu Iwi. (2002). Serious health events following involuntary job loss in New Zealand meat processing workers. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31, 1155-1161.

Journal - Research Article

Westbrooke, I., Baxter, J. M., & Hogan, J. (2001). Are Māori under-served for cardiac interventions? New Zealand Medical Journal, 114, 484-487.

Journal - Research Article

Hudson, B., Pitama, S., McBain, L., Robson, B., Stokes, T., Baxter, J., & Crampton, P. (2021). A brief response to Hawkins: A call for socially responsive research in Māori health. Journal of Primary Health Care, 13(3), 204. doi: 10.1071/hc21094

Journal - Research Other

Hancox, R. J., Morgan, J., Dickson, N., Connor, J., & Baxter, J. M. (2020). Rape, asthma and dysfunctional breathing. European Respiratory Journal, 55, 1902455. doi: 10.1183/13993003.02455-2019

Journal - Research Other

Baker, G., Baxter, J., & Crampton, P. (2019). The primary healthcare claims to the Waitangi Tribunal. New Zealand Medical Journal, 132(1505), 7-13. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gauld, R., Atmore, C., Baxter, J., Crampton, P., & Stokes, T. (2019). The 'elephants in the room' for New Zealand's health system in its 80th anniversary year: General practice charges and ownership models. New Zealand Medical Journal, 132(1489), 8-14. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Crampton, P., & Baxter, J. (2018). Rural matters. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1485), 6-7. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Hancox, R., & Baxter, J. (2006). Lung function: Normal for New Zealand? [Editorial]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1244). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/119-1244/2286/content.pdf

Journal - Research Other

Hancox, R. J., Whyte, K., & Baxter, J. M. (2000). Home ventilation: the Greenlane hospital experience. New Zealand Medical Journal, 113(1122), 500-503.

Journal - Research Other

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