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Professor Philip Hill

PositionMcAuley Professor of International Health
DepartmentDepartment of Preventive and Social Medicine
QualificationsBHB MB ChB MPH MD FRACP FAFPHM FNZCPHM
Research summaryInternational health

Research

Professor Philip Hill holds separate qualifications as a medical practitioner (MBChB), specialist public health physician (MPH; FAFPHM; FNZCPHM), specialist infectious diseases physician (FRACP), as well as a doctorate in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in The Gambia (MD). After completing specialty training in New Zealand, he spent 6 years working as a clinical epidemiologist at the Medical Research Council (UK) research unit in The Gambia, working on tuberculosis (TB) and pneumonia projects.

Professor Hill is the first holder of the McAuley Chair in International Health and is Founding Director and Co-Director of the Centre for International Health at the University of Otago. He is involved in research projects in Africa, Asia, Europe, South America and the Pacific. His major collaboration is in TB research with the TB-HIV research centre of the University of Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia. This collaboration is focusing on moving from observational studies to intervention trials, with two new intervention trials commencing in 2019/20.

Professor Hill has published over 200 articles in peer reviewed journals. His research interests include studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease, Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage, disease and vaccination. Professor Hill has been a Lead or Co-Investigator on grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, MRC(UK), European Commission, DFID (UK), The Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the New Zealand Health Research Council, NHMRC (Australia) and the Global Fund.

In 2008 Professor Hill established the Otago International Health Research Network of over 100 researchers across all four divisions of the University, with an interest in health research in low-and middle-income countries. This Network has been renamed the Otago Global Health Institute and is now one of 12 flagship research centres of the University. He is currently Co-Director of the Institute.

Professor Hill has a special interest in training people from low- and middle-income countries at masters’ and PhD level, with a view to them becoming internationally competitive academic leaders back in their home country. He has supervised over 30 masters’ and PhD students, who have had a very high completion and publication rate. He welcomes new enquiries from prospective students.

Publications

Adetifa, I. M. O., Ota, M. O. C., Jeffries, D. J., Lugos, M. D., Hammond, A. S., Battersby, N. J., … Hill, P. C. (2013). Interferon-γ ELISPOT as a biomarker of treatment efficacy in latent tuberculosis infection: A clinical trial. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine, 187(4), 439-445. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201208-1352OC

MacKenzie, G. A., Plumb, I. D., Sambou, S., Saha, D., Uchendu, U., Akinsola, B., … Hill, P. C. (2012). Monitoring the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines into West Africa: Design and implementation of a population-based surveillance system. PLoS Medicine, 9(1), e1001161. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001161

Rutherford, M. E., Ruslami, R., Anselmo, M., Alisjahbana, B., Yulianti, N., Sampurno, H., … Hill, P. C. (2013). Management of children exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A public health evaluation in West Java, Indonesia. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 91(12), 932-941. doi: 10.2471/BLT.13.118414

Egere, U., Townend, J., Roca, A., Akinsanya, A., Bojang, A., Nsekpong, D., … Hill, P. C. (2012). Indirect effect of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on pneumococcal carriage in newborns in rural Gambia: A randomised controlled trial. PLoS ONE, 7(11), e49143. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049143

Walsh, M. S., Hope, E., Isaia, L., Righarts, A., Niupulusu, T., Temese, S. V. A., … Edwards, C., Wernick, M., … Hill, P. C. (2015). Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Samoan women aged 18 to 29 and assessment of possible risk factors: A community-based study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 109, 245-251. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trv014

Journal - Research Article

Walsh, M. S., Hope, E., Isaia, L., Righarts, A., Niupulusu, T., Temese, S. V. A., … Edwards, C., Wernick, M., … Hill, P. C. (2015). Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Samoan women aged 18 to 29 and assessment of possible risk factors: A community-based study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 109, 245-251. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trv014

Hill, P. C., Dye, C., Viney, K., Tabutoa, K., Kienene, T., Bissell, K., … Harries, A. D. (2014). Mass treatment to eliminate tuberculosis from an island population. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 18(8), 899-904. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.14.0007

Howie, S. R. C., Morris, G. A. J., Tokarz, R., Ebruke, B. E., Machuka, E. M., Ideh, R. C., … Hill, P. C., … Adegbola, R. A. (2014). Etiology of severe childhood pneumonia in The Gambia, West Africa, determined by conventional and molecular microbiological analyses of lung and pleural aspirate samples. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 59(5), 682-685. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu384

Jacobs, C., Chiluba, C., Phiri, C., Lisulo, M. M., Chomba, M., Hill, P. C., … Kelly, P. (2014). Seroepidemiology of hepatitis E virus infection in an urban population in Zambia: Strong association with HIV and environmental enteropathy. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 209(5), 652-657. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit409

Bottomley, C., Roca, A., Hill, P. C., Greenwood, B., & Isham, V. (2013). A mathematical model of serotype replacement in pneumococcal carriage following vaccination. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 10(89), 20130786. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2013.0786

Rutherford, M. E., Hill, P. C., Maharani, W., Sampurno, H., & Ruslami, R. (2013). Risk factors for treatment default among adult tuberculosis patients in Indonesia. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 17(10), 1304-1309. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.13.0084

Adetifa, I. M. O., Ota, M. O. C., Jeffries, D. J., Lugos, M. D., Hammond, A. S., Battersby, N. J., … Hill, P. C. (2013). Interferon-γ ELISPOT as a biomarker of treatment efficacy in latent tuberculosis infection: A clinical trial. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine, 187(4), 439-445. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201208-1352OC

Saha, D., Akinsola, A., Sharples, K., Adeyemi, M. O., Antonio, M., Imran, S., … Hill, P. C. (2013). Health Care Utilization and Attitudes Survey: Understanding diarrheal disease in rural Gambia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 89(Suppl. 1), 13-20. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.12-0751

Rutherford, M. E., Ruslami, R., Anselmo, M., Alisjahbana, B., Yulianti, N., Sampurno, H., … Hill, P. C. (2013). Management of children exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A public health evaluation in West Java, Indonesia. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 91(12), 932-941. doi: 10.2471/BLT.13.118414

Roca, A., Bottomley, C., Hill, P. C., Bojang, A., Egere, U., Antonio, M., … Adegbola, R. A. (2012). Effect of age and vaccination with a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on the density of pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 55(6), 816-824.

MacKenzie, G. A., Plumb, I. D., Sambou, S., Saha, D., Uchendu, U., Akinsola, B., … Hill, P. C. (2012). Monitoring the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines into West Africa: Design and implementation of a population-based surveillance system. PLoS Medicine, 9(1), e1001161. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001161

Jack, S. J., Ou, K., Chea, M., Chhin, L., Devenish, R., Dunbar, M., … Leon de la Barra, S., Hill, P. C., Herbison, P., & Gibson, R. S. (2012). Effect of micronutrient sprinkles on reducing anemia: A cluster-randomized effectiveness trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 166(9), 842-850. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.1003

Egere, U., Townend, J., Roca, A., Akinsanya, A., Bojang, A., Nsekpong, D., … Hill, P. C. (2012). Indirect effect of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on pneumococcal carriage in newborns in rural Gambia: A randomised controlled trial. PLoS ONE, 7(11), e49143. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0049143

Thye, T., Owusu-Dabo, E., Vannberg, F. O., van Crevel, R., Curtis, J., Sahiratmadja, E., … Hill, P. C., … Meyer, C. G. (2012). Common variants at 11p13 are associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis. Nature Genetics, 44(3), 257-259. doi: 10.1038/ng.1080

Rutherford, M. E., Hill, P. C., Maharani, W., Apriani, L., Sampurno, H., van Crevel, R., & Ruslami, R. (2012). Risk factors for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in Indonesian children living with a sputum smear-positive case. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 16(12), 1594-1599. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0389

Rutherford, M. E., Nataprawira, M., Yulita, I., Apriani, L., Maharani, W., van Crevel, R., Hill, P. C., & Alisjahbana, B. (2012). QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube assay vs. tuberculin skin test in Indonesian children living with a tuberculosis case. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 16(4), 496-502. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.11.0491

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