The Ship of Fools

Barclay, Alexander

STC 3545
Ringler 3545 and TP 467. Trans. of Jacob Locher's Latin version of Sebastian Brant's 'Der Narrenschiff', 1st ed., 1494? UMI microfilm reel 27. To date Jamieson's is the modern standard reference. For convenience we include page references to this edition, in addition to signature references to the copytext. Another edition has been produced by David Rollin Anderson: 'A Critical Edition of Alexander Barclay's Ship of Fools' Ph.D. diss., Case Western Reserve U, 1974. UMI 7416469.

This present boke named the shyp of folys of the worlde was tr. out of Laten, Frenche, and Doche in the college of saynt mary Otery by A. Barclay
London: R. Pynson,1509.

Composition Date: 1508.

Venerandissimo in Christo Patri ... et reuerentia.
TAmetsi crebris ... Idus Decembris.
¶This present Boke named the Shyp of folys of the worlde was translated in the College of saynt_mary_Otery in the counte of Deuonshyre: out of Laten / Frenche / and Doche into Englysshe tonge by Alexander_Barclay Preste: and at that tyme Chaplen in the sayde College. tra[n]slatedtranslated] traslated 1509 the yere of our Lorde god .M.CCCCC.viii. Inprentyd in the Cyte of London in Fletestre[te] at the signe of Saynt George. By Rycharde_Pynson to hys Coste and charge: Ended the yere of our Sauiour .M.d.ix. The .xiiii. day of December.
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ref.ed: cxvii

¶The regyster or Table of this present Boke in Englysshe.
Alexander_Barclay excusynge the rudenes of his translacion / the first lefe Barclay the translatour to the Folys. Folio .v.
A prologe in prose shewynge to what intent this Boke was firste made / and who were the first Auctours of it. fo. vij.
Another Prologe: in Balade concernyng the same. fo. x.
In what place this Boke was translate and to what purpose it was translatyd. Folio. xij.
¶Here begynneth the Folys and firste of inprofytable bokys. fo. xiij.
¶Of euyll Counsellours Iuges and men of lawe. fo. xv.
Of couetyse and prodigalyte. fo. xvij.
Of newe disgysynges in apparayle. f. xviij
¶A lawde of the nobles and grauyte of Kynge Henry the eyght. fo. xxi
Of olde Folys encresynge foly with age Folio. xxij.
Of negligent Fathers ayenst their Children. fo. xxiij.
Of taleberers: and mouers of debate. xxvj
Of nat folowers of good counsel. fo. xxix.
ref.ed: cxviii
Of vngoodly maners / and dysordred. Folio. xxx.
Of the hurtynge of frendshyp. fo. xxxij.
Of dispysers of holy scripture. fo. xxxiiij.
Of folys inprouydent. fo. xxxvij.
Of disordred and venerious loue. fo. xxxix.
Of them that synne trustynge vpon the mercy of almyghty god. fo. xli.
Of folys that begyn great byldynge without sufficient prouysion. fo. xliij.
Of glotons / and droncardes. fo. xlv.
Of ryches vnprofytable. fo. xlvij.
Of folys that wyl serue two lordes both togyther. fo. xlix.
Of superflue speche. fo. li.
Of them that correct other / them-self culpable in the same faut. fo. liij.
Of folys that fynde others good / nat restorynge the same to the owner. fo. lv.
¶The sermon or doctryne of wysdom. Folio lvi.
Of Folys bostyng them in fortune. f. lviij
Of the superflue curyosyte of men. fo. lx.
Of great borowers / and slacke payers. lvij
Of vnprofitable vowers and peticions. lvij.
Of negligent lx.
Of them that folysshly speke ayenst the workes of god. fo. lxiij.
Of lewde Iuges of others dedes. fo. lxv.
Of pluralytees of benefyces. fo. lxvij.
Of synners that prolonge from daye to day to amende theyr myslyuyng. f. lxvij
Of men that ar Ielous. fo. lxviij.
Of auoutry / and specially of suche as ar bawdes to theyr wyues. fo. lxx.
ref.ed: cxix
Of suche as nedys wyll contynue in theyr foly nat withstandynge holsom erudicion. folio. lxxij.
An addicion of the secundaries of Otery_saynt_Mary / in Deuynshyre. fo. lxxiiij.
Of wrathfull folys. fo. lxxv.
Of the mutabylyte of fortune. fo. lxxvij.
Of seke men inobedient. fo. lxxix.
Of to open councellers. fo. lxxxi.
Of folys that can nat be ware by the mysfortune nor take example of others damage. folio lxxxiij.
Of folys that force or care for the bacbytynge of lewde people. fo. lxxxv.
Of mockers and fals accusers. fo. lxxxiij.
Of them that despyse euerlastynge blys for worldly thynges and transitory. fo. lxxxiiij
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Of talkers and makers of noyse in the Chirche of god. Folio. lxxxxi.
Of folys that put them-self in wylful ieopardy and peryll. fo. lxxxxiij.
Of the way of felycyte / and godnes and the payne to come to synners. fo. lxxxxv.
Of olde folys that gyue example of vyce to youth negligent and vnexpert. fo. lxxxxvij.
Of bodely lust or corporall voluptuosyte. folio. lxxxxix.
Of folys that can nat kepe secrete theyr owne counsell. fo. Ci.
Of yonge folys that take olde wymen to theyr wyues nat for loue but for ryches. Folio. C.iij.
Of enuyous Folys. fo. C.v.
Of impacient folys disdaynynge to abyde and suffer correccion / for theyr profyte. Folio. C.vij.
Of folysshe Fesicians vsynge theyr practyke without speculacyon. C.ix.
ref.ed: cxx
Of the ende of worldly honour and power and of folys that trust in them. fo C.xi.
An addicion of Alexander_barclay. f. C.xij
Of predestinacyon. fo. C.xiij.
Of folys that aply other mennys besynes leuynge theyr owne vndone. fo. C.xv.
Of the vyce of ingratytude or vnkyndnes and folys that vse it. fo. C.xvij.
Of Folys that stande to moche in theyr owne conceyte. fo. C.xix.
Of folys that delyte them in daunsynge Folio. C.xxij.
Of nyght-watchers. fo. C.xxiiij.
Of the vanyte of beggers. C.xxvi.
Of wymens malyce and wrath. fo. C.xxix.
Of the great myght and powerr of Folys. Folio. C.xxxiiij.
An addicion of Alexander_barclay in the lawde of kynge Henry the viij. fo. C.xxxv
Of the vayne cure of Astronomy. f. c.xxxvj
Of the folysshe descripcion or inquysycion of dyuers countres or regyons. f. C.xl.
Of folys that stryue agaynst theyr betters nat wyllynge to se theyr foly. fo. C.xli.
Of folys that can nat vnderstande sport and yet wyll haue to do with folys. f. C.xlij
Of folys that hurte euery man nat wyllynge to be hurt agayne. fo. C.xliiij.
Of folys improuyndent. fo. C.xlvij.
Of folys that stryue in the lawe for thynges of small valour. fo. C.xlix.
Of dyshonest folys in wordes of rybawdry / or vyle langage. fo.
Of the abusion of the spiritualte. fo. C.lij.
Of carde players / and dysers. fo. C.lvij.
Of proude / vayne and superflue bostys of Folys. fo.
A rehersinge of dyuers sortes of Folys oppressyd with theyr owne foly. fo. C.lix.
Of the extorcion of men of warre / scrybes and other offycers. fo. C.lxi.
Of folysshe messangers. fo. C.lxiiij.
Of the foly of Cokes / butlers / and other offycers of housholde. fo. C.lxv.
Of the pryde of Churles and rude men of the countrey. fo. C.lxvij.
Of folys that despise and abhorre pouertye. folio. C.lxx.
Of suche Folys as begyn to do well and contynue nat. fo. C.lxxiij.
Of folys that despyse deth and make no prouysyon therfore. fo. C.lxxiiij.
Of folys that despyse god. fo. C.lxxx.
Of blasphemers of god. fo. C.lxxxiii.
Of the plage and indignacyon of god. Folio. C.lxxxvi.
Of folysshe exchaunges. fo. C.lxxxviij.
Of children that dysdayne to honoure and worshyp theyr parentis. fo. C.lxxxx.
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Of claterynge and vayne langage vsyd of prestes and clerkes in the Quere. fo. C.lxxxxj
¶Of the elacion or bostynge of pryde. Folio. C.lxxxv.
Of vsures and okerers. fo. C.lxxxxvij.
Of the vayne hope that folys haue to succede to herytage of men yet lyuynge. fo. cc.
Of the vyce of slouthe. fo.
Of Folys that gyue and that after repent of that they haue gyuen. fo. cc.iiij
Of Folys that kepe nat the holy daye. Folio. cc.ij.
Of mysbeleuynge folys as Sarrazyns / Paynems / turkes and other suche lyke. Folio. cc.vij.
Of the ruyne / inclynacyon and decay of the fayth of Christ by slouthe of estatis. Folio. cc.xij.
A specyall exhortacion and lawde of the kynge Henry the .viij.. fo. cc.xvi.
Of flaterers and glosers. fo. cc.xviij.
Of taleberers and Folys of lyght credence vnto the same. fo. cc.xx.
Of marchauntis and other occupyers that vse falshode and gyle. fo. cc.xxij.
Of the falshode of Antichrist. cc.xxv.
Of hym that dare nat vtter the trouthe for fere of displeasour. etc. fo. cc.xxvij.
Of suche as withdrawe and let other from good dedes. fo. cc.xxxi.
Of leuyng gode warkes vndone. f. cc.xxxi.
Of the rewarde of wysdom. fo. cc.xxxiij.
Of folys that wyl nat beware of mysfortune. fo. cc.xxxv.
Of bacbyters of good workes and ayenst suche as shall dysprayse this boke. Folio. cc.xxxvij.
Of the immoderate vylenes in maners vsed at the table. fo. [c]c.xli.
Of folys disgysed with visers and other counterfayt apparayle. fo. cc.xliiij.
The discripcion of a wyse man. f. cc.xlvij
Alexander_barclay to his welbeloued frende syr Iohnn Bysshop of Excester. Folio. cc.xlix.
Of folys that despyse wysdome and Phylosophy and a commendacion of the same. Folio. cc.lx.
Of concertacyon or stryuyng bytwene vertue and voluptuosyte. fo. cc.lii.
The obieccion of lust blamynge vertue. Folio. cc.liij.
The answere of vertue agaynst the obieccion of voluptuosyte. fo. cc.lvij.
The vnyuersall and generall Shyp or Barge: wherin they rowe that erst hath had no charge. fo. cc.lxi.
The vnyuersall shyp of craftysmen or laborers. fo. cc.lxiiij.
Of folys that ar to worldly. cc.lxv.
A brefe addicion of the syngularyte of some newe Folys. fo. cc.lxix.
¶A conclusion of this Boke with a Balade of our La[d]y.Lady] Laly 1509 Folio. cc.lxxiij.
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Registrum stultifere nauis
Stultifera nauis Folio. primo. ... fieri conuenit. lxxxiii.
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Nil curare ... De antichristo. cc.xxiij.
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Veritatem obticere ... Folio. cc.lxxix.
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¶Stultifera Nauis.
NArragonice profectionis ... exorditur principio.
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ref.ed: [1]

Alexander_Barclay excusynge the rudenes of his translacion.
GO Boke: abasshe the thy rudenes to present.
To men auaunced to worshyp / and honour.
By byrthe or fortune: or to men eloquent.
By thy submyssion excuse thy Translatour.
5 But whan I remember the comon behauour.
Of men: I thynke thou ought to quake for fere
Of tunges enuyous whose venym may the dere

Tremble / fere / and quake / thou ought I say agayne.
For to the Redar thou shewest by euydence
10 Thy-selfe of Rethoryke pryuate and barayne
In speche superflue: and fruteles of sentence.
Thou playnly blamest without al difference
Bothe hye and lowe sparinge eche mannes name.
Therfore no maruayle thoughe many do the blame.
ref.ed: 2
15 But if thou fortune to lye before a State
As Kynge or Prince or Lordes great or smal.
Or doctour diuyne / or other Graduate
Be this thy Excuse to content theyr mynde withal
My speche is rude my termes comon and rural
20 And I for rude peple moche more conuenient.
Than for Estates / lerned men / or eloquent.

But of this one poynt thou nedest not to fere.
That any goode man: vertuous and Iust.
Wyth his yl speche shal the hurt or dere.
25 But the defende. As I suppose and trust.
But suche Unthriftes as sue theyr carnal lust
Whome thou for vyce dost sharply rebuke and blame
Shal the dysprayse: emperisshinge thy name.

An Exhortacion Of Alexander_Barclay.
¶But ye that shal rede this boke: I you exhorte.
And you that ar herars therof also I pray
Where-as ye knowe that ye be of this sorte:
Amende your lyfe and expelle that vyce away.
5 Slomber nat in syn: Amende you whyle ye may.
And yf ye so do and ensue Vertue and grace.
Wythin my Shyp ye get no rowme ne place.
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Narragonia latine facta a Iacobo_Locher Philomuso Suęuo Eiusdem Epigramma ad lectorem.
CArmina sint ... picta trahunt.


Epistola Iocobi_Locher Philomusi ad eruditissimum virum Sebastianum_Brant Iurisconsultum et poetam argutissimum pręceptorem suum dilectissimum
SI fas effet ... inflammasti: Epistola ad S._Brant.
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lepidoque susurro ... ac argutioris
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muse dogmata ... Anno domini .M.CCCC.XCVII.

CARMEN eiusdem: ad Se._Brant .
SI michi nunc ... prata rigant:
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Gręcia clara ... scripta fidem.

Sapphicon eiusdem philomusi: excusatis ingenij sui paruitatem .
GRandibus possunt ... Numine sacro. Excusatio auctoris.
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Mentis hi ... Mentibus infert.
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Ergo supremam ... Crede placebunt.

Epigramma in Narragoniam Iacobi_Locher philomusi ad lectores.
NAuem stultorum ... nostra tenent.

Ad Iohannem_Bergmannum de Olpe. Iacobi_Locher decatostichon.
TEmpore foelici ... Olpe deas.
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Nostrates / claros ... notas. Vale.

Ad Iacobum Philomusum subeundę profectionis Narragonicę: e barbaria in latiale solum: Exhortatio Sebastiani_Brant
Exortatio S._Brant
NVper ego ... inde vale.

In Narragonicam profectionem: Celeusma Sebastiani_Brant .
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HOrtor adeste ... vana mouent.
ref.ed: 3

Barclay the Translatour to the Foles.
to] tho 1509
TO Shyp galantes the se is at the ful.
The wynde vs calleth our sayles ar displayed.
Where may we best aryue? at Lyn or els at Hulle?
To vs may no hauen in Englonde be denayd.
5 Why tary we? the Anker [i]s vp-wayed. Anker is] Ankers 1509
If any corde or Cabyl vs hurt / let outher hynder.
Let slyp the ende / or els hewe it in sonder.

Retourne your syght beholde vnto the shore.
There is great nomber that fayne wold be aborde.
10 They get no rowme our Shyp can holde no more.
Haws in the Cocke gyue them none other worde.
God gyde vs from Rockes / quicsonde tempest and forde
If any man of warre / wether / or wynde apere.
My-selfe shal trye the wynde and kepe the Stere.

15 But I pray you reders haue ye no dysdayne.
Thoughe Barclay haue presumed of audacite
This Shyp to rule as chefe mayster and Captayne.
Though some thynke them-selfe moche worthyer than he.
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It were great maruayle forsoth syth he hath be.
20 A scoler longe: and that in dyuers scoles
But he myght be Captayne of a Shyp of Foles.

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But if that any one be in suche maner case.
That he wyl chalange the maystershyp fro me
Yet in my Shyp can I nat want a place.
25 For in euery place my-selfe I oft may se.
But this I leue besechynge eche degre:
To pardon my youthe and to bolde interprise.
For harde is it duely to speke of euery vyce.

For yf I had tunges an hundreth: and wyt to fele
30 Al thinges natural and supernaturall
A thousand mouthes: and voyce as harde as stele.
And sene all the seuen Sciences lyberal.
Yet cowde I neuer touche the vyces all.
And syn of the worlde: ne theyr braunches comprehende:
35 Nat thoughe I lyued vnto the worldes ende. Non mihi si lingue centum sint oraque centum: ferrea vox: omnis scelerum comprehendere formas: Omnia stultorum percurrere nomina possem
But if these vyces whiche mankynde doth incomber.
Were clene expellyd and vertue in theyr place.
I cowde nat haue gathered of sowles so great a nomber.
Whose foly from them out chaseth goddys grace.
40 But euery man that knowes hym in that case
To this rude Boke let hym gladly intende.
And lerne the way his lewdnes to amende.

Prologus Iacobi_Locher Philomusi in Narragoniam incipit.
CVm mecum ... valeat ęuum.
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AFter that I haue longe mused by my-self of the sore confounded and vncertayne cours of mannys lyfe / and thinges ther-to belonginge: at the last I haue by my vigilant meditacion found and noted many degrees of errours: wherby mankynd wandreth from the way of trouth I haue also noted that many wyse men and wel-lettred haue writen right fruteful doctrines: wherby they haue heled these dyseses and intollerable perturbacions of the mynde: and the goostly woundes therof / moche better than Esculapius which was fyrst Inuentour of Phesyke and amonge the Gentyles worshypped as a God.Philosophia Socratica. In the contrey of Grece were stodyes fyrst founded and ordeyned in the which began and sprange holsom medicyne which gaue vnto infect myndes frutful doctryne and norisshinge. Amonge whome Socrates that great begynner and honourer of wysdom began to dispute of the maners of men. Seneca ad lucillum. But for that he coude nat fynde certayne ende of goodnes and hyest felicite in naturall thinges: nor induce men to the same / he gaue the hye contemplacions of his mynde to moral vertues. And in so moche passed he al other in Philosophy moral that it was sayde that he called Philosophy down from the Imperial heuen. Tullius in tusculanis questionibus. whan this Socrates perceyued the mindes of men to be prone / and extremely inclyned to viciousnes he had gret affeccion to subdue suche maners. wherfore in comon places of the Cyte of Athenes he instruct and
ref.ed: 6
infourmed the peple in such doctrynes as compasith the clere and immaculate welles of the moste excellent and souerayne gode. After the disces of Socrates succeded th e godly Plato Platonica disciplina. whiche in moral Philosophy ouerpassed also a great part of his tyme And certaynly nat without a cause was he called godly. For by what stody myght he more holely or better socour mankynde than by suche doctrynes as he gaue. He wrote and ordeyned lawes moste egal and iust He edityed vnto the Grekes a comon-welthe stable / quyet and commendable. And ordeyned the societe and company of them most iocund and amyable. He prepared a brydel to refrayne the lust and sensualyte of the body. And fynally he changed the yl ignorance feblenes and negligence of youth vnto dylygence / strength and vertue. In tyme also of these Phylosophers sprange the florisshynge age of Poetes: Poetarum origo. whiche amonge lettred men had nat smal rowme and place. And that for theyr eloquent Retoryke and also for theyr mery ficcions and inuencions. Of the whiche Poetes some wrote in moste ornate termes in ditees heroycalPoete heroici wherin the noble actes and lyues both of dyuyne and humayne creatures ar wont to be noted and write[n].writen] writem 1509 Some wrote of tylling of the grounde. Some of the Planetes / of the courses of the sterres: and of the mouynge of the heuyn and fyrmament. Some of the Empyre and shameful subieccion of disordred loue.Elegiaci And many other of the myserable ruyne and fal of Kynges and princes for vice: as Tragedies. Tragici. And some other wrote Comedyes with great libertye of speche: which Comedies we cal Interludes. Comeci.
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Amonge whome Aristophanes Eupolis and Cratinus mooste laudable Poetes passed al other. For whan they sawe the youth of Athenes and of al the remanent of
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Grece inclyned to al ylles they toke occasion to note suche myslyuinge. And so in playne wordes they repreued without fauour the vyces of the sayd yl-disposyd peple of what condicion or order they were: Of this auncient wrytinge of Comedyes our laten Poetes deuysed a maner of wrytinge nat inelegant. And fyrst Lucilius Lucilius poeta primus latinorum composed one Satyre in the whiche he wrote by name the vices of certayne princes and Citezyns of Rome And that with many bourdes so that with his mery speche myxt with rebukes he correct al them of the cyte that disordredly lyued. But this mery speche vsed he nat in his writing to the intent to excercyse wanton wordes or vnrefrayned lascyuyte / or to put his pleasour in suche dissolute langage: but to the intent to quenche vyces and to prouoke the commons to wysdome and vertue / and to be asshamed of theyr foly and excessyfe lyuynge. of hym all the Latyn poetes haue takyn example / and begynnynge to wryte Satyrs whiche the grekes named Comedyes: As Fabius specifyeth in his .x. boke of institucions. Fabius. l. x. Institutionum . Horacius. After Lucilius succeded Horacius / moche more eloquent in wrytynge whiche in the same deseruyd great laude: Persius Persius. also left to vs onely one boke by the whiche he commyttyd his name and laude to perpetuall memory. The last and prynce of all was Iuuenall Iuuenalis whiche in his iocunde poemys comprehendyd al that was wryten most eloquent and pleasaunt of all the poetis of that sorte afore his tyme: O noble men / and diligent hertes and myndes / o laudable maners and tymes / these worthy men exyled ydelnes / wherby they haue obtayned nat small worshyp and great commodyte example and doctryne lefte to vs theyr posteryours why begyn we nat to vnderstonde and perceyue. Horatius in de ar[te] poetica. arte] ar 1509 Why worshyp nat the people of our tyme
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these poetis why do nat they reuerence to th e interpretours of them do they nat vnderstonde: that no poetes wryte / but outher theyr mynde is to do pleasure or els profyte to the reder / Aut prodesse volunt aut delectari poete. etc. or ellys they togyther wyll doo bothe profyte and pleasoure why are they dyspysed of many rude carters of nowe-a-dayes whiche vnderstonde nat them / And for lacke of them haue nat latyn to vtter and expresse the wyl of their mynde. Se whether poetes ar to be dispised. they laude vertue and hym that vseth it rebukyng vices with the vsers therof / They teche what is good and what is euyll: Iuuenalis / quicquid agunt homines votum timor ira voluptas. Gaudia discursus nostri est farrago libelli to what ende vyce / and what ende vertue bringeth vs / and do nat Poetis reuyle and sharply byte in their poemys all suche as ar vnmeke / Prowde / Couetous / Lecherous / Wanton / delycyous / Wrathfull glotons / wasters / Enuyours / Enchauntours faythe-brakers / rasshe / vnauysed / malapert / drunken / vntaught foles and suche-lyke. Shulde theyr writyng that suche thinges disprayse and reuyle be dyspised of many blynde Dotardes that nowe lyue whiche enuy that any man shulde haue or vnderstonde the thyng whiche they knowe nat. The Poetes also wyth great lawdes
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commende and exalt the noble folowers of vertue ascribyng to euery man rewardes after his merytes. And shortly to say. the intencion of al Poetes hath euer ben to repreue vyce: and to commende vertue. But syns it is so that nowe in our dayes ar so many neglygent and folysshe peple that they ar almost innumerable whiche despisynge the loue of vertue: folowe the blyndenes and vanyte of this worlde: it was expedient that of newe some lettred man / wyse / and subtil of wyt shulde awake and touche th e open vices of foles that nowe lyue: and blame theyr abhomynable lyfe. This fourme and lybertye of writinge / and charge hathe taken
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vpon hym the Right excellent and worthy Mayster Sebastian_Brant Doctour of both the Lawes and noble Oratour and Poete to the comon-welthe of al people in playne and comon speche of Doche in the contrey of Almayne: to the ymytacion of Dant Florentyne: and Francis_Petrarche Poetes heroycal which in their maternal langage haue composed maruelous Poemes and ficcions. But amonge diuers inuencions composed of the sayde Sebastian_brant I haue noted one named the Shyp of Foles moche expedient and necessary to the redar which the sayd Sebastian composed in doche langage. And after hym one called Iames_Locher his Disciple translated the same into Laten to the vnderstondinge of al Christen nacions where Laten is spoken. Than another (whose name to me is vnknowen) translated the same into Frenche. I haue ouersene the fyrst Inuencion in Doche and after that the two translations in Laten and Frenche whiche in blaminge the disordred lyfe of men of our tyme agreeth in sentence: threfolde in langage wherfore wylling to redres the errours and vyces of this oure Royalme of Englonde: as the foresayde composer and translatours hath done in theyr Contrees I haue taken vpon me: howbeit vnworthy to drawe into our Englysshe tunge the sayd boke named the shyp of folys as nere to the sayd thre Langages as the parcyte of my wyt wyll suffer me. But ye reders gyue ye pardon vnto Alexander_de_Barklay Nomen tra[n]slatores siue interpretis huius libelli.translatores] traslatores 1509 If ignoraunce negligence or lacke of wyt cause hym to erre in this translacion his purpose and synguler desyre is to content youre myndes. And sothely he hathe taken vpon hym the translacion of this present Boke neyther for hope of rewarde nor lawde of man: but onely for the holsome instruccion commodyte and Doctryne of wysdome / and to clense the
ref.ed: 10
vanyte and madnes of folysshe people of whom ouer-great nombre is in the Royalme of Englonde. Therfore let euery man beholde and ouerrede this boke: And than I doute nat but he shal se the errours of his lyfe of what condycyon that he be. in lyke wyse as he shal se in a Myrrour the fourme of his countenaunce and vysage: And if he amende suche fautes as he redeth here wherin he knoweth hymself gylty / and passe forth the resydue of his lyfe in the order of good maners than shall he haue the fruyte and auauntage wherto I haue translatyd this boke.
sig: b1

Hecatastichon in proludium auctoris / et Libelli Narrgonici.
PEr cunctas ... iste liber.
sig: [b1v]
De numero ... moderatus amor:
sig: b2
Stulticolas inter ... significemque notis.
ref.ed: [11]

¶Here begynneth the prologe.
AMonge the people of euery regyon
And ouer the worlde / south north eest and west
Soundeth godly doctryne in plenty and foyson
Wherin the grounde of vertue and wysdome doth rest
5 Rede gode and bad / and kepe the to the best
Was neuer more plenty of holsome doctryne
Nor fewer people that doth therto enclyne

We haue the Bybyll whiche godly doth expresse
Of the olde testament the lawes mysticall
10 And also of the newe our erour to redresse
Of phylosophy and other artes liberall
With other bokes of vertues morall
But thoughe suche bokes vs godly wayes shewe
We all ar blynde no man wyll them ensue

15 Banysshed is doctryne / we wander in derknes
Throughe all the worlde: our-selfe we wyll not knowe
Wysdome is exyled / alas blynde folysshenes
Mysgydeth the myndes of people hye and lowe
sig: [b2v]
Grace is decayed / yll-gouernaunce doth growe
20 Both prudent Pallas and Minerua are slayne
Or els to heuyn retourned are they agayne
ref.ed: 12
Knowlege of trouth / Prudence / and iust Symplicite
Hath vs clene left: For we set of them no store.
Our Fayth is defyled loue / goodnes / and Pyte:
25 Honest maners nowe ar reputed of: no more.
Lawyers ar lordes: but Iustice is rent and tore.
Or closed lyke a Monster within dores thre.
For without mede: or money no man can hyr se.

¶Al is disordred: Vertue hathe no rewarde.
30 Alas / Compassion: and Mercy bothe ar slayne.
Alas / the stony hartys of pepyl ar so harde
That nought can constrayne theyr folyes to refrayne
But styl they procede: and eche other meyntayne.
So wander these foles: incresinge without nomber.
35 That al the worlde they vtterly encomber.

Blasphemers of Chryst; Hostlers: and Tauerners: Horatius in sermonibus.
Crakars and bosters with Courters auenterous /
Bawdes and Pollers with comon extorcioners
Ar taken nowe-adayes in the worlde moste glorious.
40 But the gyftes of grace and al wayes gracious
We haue excluded. Thus lyue we carnally:
Utterly subdued to al lewdnes and Foly.

Thus is of Foles a sorte almost innumerable. Ecclesiastes. primo. Peruersi difficile corriguntur Et stultorum infinitus est numerus
Defilynge the worlde with syn and Vylany.
45 Some thynkinge them-self moche wyse and commendable
Thoughe al theyr dayes they lyue vnthryftely.
No goodnes they perceyue nor to no goode aplye. Prouer. xxvi.
But if he haue a great wombe / and his Cofers ful
Than is none holde wyser bytwene London and Hul.

ref.ed: 13
50 But to assemble these Foles in one bonde.
And theyr demerites worthely to note.
Fayne shal I Shyppes of euery maner londe.
None shalbe left: Barke / Galay / Shyp / nor Bote.
One vessel can nat brynge them al aflote.
55 For yf al these Foles were brought into one Barge
The bote shulde synke so sore shulde be the charge.

The sayles ar hawsed / a plesant cole dothe blowe. 'cole': see OED 'cool', sb.1, 2
The Foles assembleth as fast as they may dryue.
Some swymmeth after: other as thycke doth rowe
sig: b3
60 In theyr small botes / as Bees about a hyue
The nomber is great / and eche one doth stryue
For to be chefe as Purser and Capytayne
Quarter-mayster / Lodesman or els Boteswayne

They ron to our shyp / eche one doth greatly fere
65 Lyst his slacke paas / sholde cause hym byde behynde
The wynde ryseth / and is lyke the sayle to tere
Eche one enforseth the anker vp to wynde
The se swellyth by planettes well I fynde
These obscure clowdes threteneth vs tempest
70 All are nat in bed whiche shall haue yll rest

We are full lade and yet forsoth I thynke
A thousand are behynde / whom we may not receyue
For if we do / our nauy clene shall synke
He oft all lesys that coueytes all to haue
75 From London Rockes almyghty god vs saue
For if we there anker / outher bote or barge
There be so many that they vs wyll ouercharge

ref.ed: 14
Ye London Galantes / arere / ye shall nat enter
We kepe the streme / and touche nat the shore
80 In Cyte nor in Court we dare nat well auenter
Lyst perchaunce we sholde displeasure haue therfore
But if ye wyll nedes some shall haue an ore
And all the remenaunt shall stande afar at large
And rede theyr fautes paynted aboute our barge

85 Lyke as a myrrour doth represent agayne
The fourme and fygure of mannes countenaunce Speculum stultorum.
So in our shyp shall he se wrytyn playne
The fourme and fygure of his mysgouernaunce
What man is fautles / but outher ignoraunce
90 Or els wylfulnes causeth hym offende:
Than let hym nat disdayne this shyp / tyll he amende

And certaynly I thynke that no creature Seneca.
Lyuynge in this lyfe mortall in transytory Prouer.
Can hym-self kepe and stedfastly endure
95 Without all spot / as worthy eternall glory
But if he call to his mynde and memory
Fully the dedys both of his youthe and age
He wyll graunt in this shyp to kepe some stage Quis potest dicere mundum est cor meum purus sum a pectore.

But who-so-euer wyll knowlege his owne foly
100 And it repent / lyuynge after in sympylnesse
Shall haue no place nor rowme more in our nauy
sig: [b3v]
But become felawe to pallas the goddesse
But he that fyxed is in suche a blyndnesse
That thoughe he be nought he thynketh al is well
105 Suche shall in this Barge bere a babyll and a bell

ref.ed: 15
These with other lyke may eche man se and rede
Eche by themselfe in this small boke ouerall
The fautes shall he fynde if he take good hede
Of all estatis as degres temporall
110 With gyders of dignytees spirituall
Both pore and riche / Chorles and Cytezyns
For hast to lepe a_borde many bruse theyr shynnys

Here is berdles youth / and here is crokyd age Pedes enim eorum ad malum currunt et festinant ad effundendum sanguinem Prouer. i. Psal. xlviii.
Children with theyr faders that yll do them insygne
115 And doth nat intende theyr wantones to swage
Nouther by worde nor yet by discyplyne
Here be men of euery science and doctryne
Lerned and vnlerned man mayde chylde and wyfe
May here se and rede the lewdenes of theyr lyfe

Here ar vyle wymen: whome loue Immoderate
120 And lust Venereall bryngeth to hurt and shame.
Here ar prodigal Galantes: wyth mouers of debate.
And thousandes mo: whome I nat wel dare name.
Here ar Bacbyters whiche goode lyuers dyffame.
Brakers of wedlocke / men proude: and couetous:
125 Pollers / and pykers with folke delicious.

It is but foly to rehers the names here
Of al suche Foles: as in one Shelde or targe.
Syns that theyr foly dystynctly shal apere
On euery lefe: in Pyctures fayre and large.
130 To Barclays stody: and Pynsones cost and charge
Wherfore ye redars pray that they both may be saued
Before god / syns they your folyes haue thus graued.

ref.ed: 16
But to th'entent that euery man may knowe
The cause of my wrytynge: certes I intende
135 To profyte and to please both hye and lowe Scribendi causa.
And blame theyr fautes wherby they may amende
But if that any his quarell wyll defende
Excusynge his fautes to my derysyon
Knowe he that noble poetes thus haue done

140 Afore my dayes a thousande yere ago
Blamynge and reuylynge the inconuenyence
Of people / wyllynge them to withdrawe therfro
sig: [b4]
Them I ensue: nat lyke of intellygence
And though I am nat to them lyke in science
145 Yet this is my wyll mynde and intencion
To blame all vyce lykewyse as they haue done

To tender youth my mynde is to auayle Excusatio scribentis.
That they eschewe may all lewdenes and offence
Whiche doth theyr myndes often sore assayle
150 Closynge the iyen of theyr intellygence
But if I halt in meter or erre in eloquence
Or be to large in langage I praye you blame nat me
For my mater is so bad it wyll none other be

Argumentum in narragoniam.
AD humani ... velit: obsecramur.
ref.ed: [17]
HEre-after foloweth the Boke named the Shyp of Foles of the worlde: translated out of Laten / Frenche / and Doche into Englysse in the Colege of saynt Mary Otery By me Alexander_Barclay to the felicite and moste holsom instruccion of mankynde the whiche conteyneth al suche as wandre from the way of trouth and from the open Path of holsom vnderstondynge and
sig: [b4v]
wysdom: fallynge into dyuers blyndnesses of th e mynde / folysshe sensualytees / and vnlawfulvnlawful] vndlawful 1509Satyra interpretatur reprehentio. Speculum stultorum.'actour'='auctour'as] a 1509 delectacions of the body. This present Boke myght haue ben callyd nat inconuenyently the Satyr (that is to say) the reprehencion of foulysshnes.Satyra interpretatur reprehentio. Speculum stultorum.'actour'='auctour'as] a 1509 but the neweltye of the name was more plesant vnto the fyrst actour to call it the Shyp of foles: For in lyke wyse as olde Poetes Satyriens in dyuers Poesyes conioyned repreued the synnes and ylnes of the peple at that tyme lyuynge: so and in lyke wyse this our Boke representeth vnto the iyen of the redars the states and condicions of men: so that euery man may behold within the same the cours of his lyfe and his mysgouerned maners / as he sholde beholde the shadowe of the fygure of his visage within a bright Myrrour. Speculum stultorum.'actour'='auctour'as] a 1509 But concernynge the translacion of this Boke: I exhort the reders to take no displesour for that it is nat translated word by worde acordinge to the verses of my actour'actour'='auctour'as] a 1509. For I haue but only drawen into our moder tunge / in rude langage the sentences of the verses as nere as the parcyte of my wyt wyl suffer me / sometyme addynge / somtyme detractinge and takinge away suche thinges a[s]as] a 1509 semeth me necessary and superflue. wherfore I desyre of you reders pardon of my presumptuous audacite
ref.ed: 18
trustynge that ye shall holde me excused if ye consyder th e scarsnes of my wyt and my vnexpert youthe I haue in many places ouerpassed dyuers poetical digressions and obscurenes of Fables and haue concluded my worke in rude langage as shal apere in my translacion. But the speciyl cawse that mouethe me to this besynes is to auoyde the execrable inconuenyences of ydilnes whyche (as saint Bernard sayth) is moder of al vices: and to the vtter derision of obstynat men delitynge them in folyes and mysgouernance. But bycause the name of this boke semeth to the redar to procede of derysion: and by that mean that the substance therof shulde nat be profitable: I wyl aduertise you that this Boke is named the Shyp of foles of the worlde: For this worlde is nought els but a tempestous se in the whiche we dayly wander and are caste in dyuers tribulacions paynes and aduersitees: some by ignoraunce and some by wilfulnes: wherfore suche doers ar worthy to be called foles. syns they gyde them nat by reason as creatures resonable ought to do. Therfore the fyrst actoure willynge to deuyde suche foles from wysemen and gode lyuers: hathe ordeyned vpon the se of this worlde this present Shyp to contayne these folys of the worlde / whiche ar in great nomber. So that who redeth it perfytely consyderynge his secrete dedys / he shall not lyghtly excuse hym-selfe out of it / what-so-euer good name that he hath outwarde in the mouth of the comontye / And to the entent / that this my laboure may be the more pleasaunt vnto lettred men / I haue adioyned vnto the same the verses of my Actour with dyuerse concordaunces of the Bybyll to fortyfy my wrytynge by the same / and also to stop the enuyous mouthes (If any suche shal be) of them that by malyce shall barke ayenst this my besynes.
sig: [b5]

De inutilibus libris.
Inter precipuos ... nec sapio. PRimus in excelsa ... esse putabat:
sig: [b5v]
Non tamen ... magna caterua:
ref.ed: 19

¶Here begynneth the foles and first inprofytable bokes.
I Am the firste fole of all the hole nauy
To kepe the pompe / the helme and eke the sayle
For this is my mynde / this one pleasoure haue I
Of bokes to haue grete plenty and aparayle
5 I take no wysdome by them: nor yet auayle
Nor them perceyue nat: And then I them despyse
Thus am I a foole and all that sewe that guyse

ref.ed: 20
THat i[n] this shyp the chefe place I gouerne
By this wyde see with folys wanderynge Diodorus_Siculus li.i.
10 The cause is playne / and easy to dyscerne
Styll am I besy bokes assemblynge Ecclesi. xij.
For to haue plenty it is a plesaunt thynge
In my conceyt and to haue them ay in honde
But what they mene do I nat vnderstonde Dabitur liber nescientibus litteras esaie .xxix

15 But yet I haue them in great reuerence
And honoure sauynge them from fylth and ordure
By often brusshynge / and moche dylygence
Full goodly bounde in pleasaunt couerture
Of domas / satyn / or els of veluet pure
20 I kepe them sure ferynge lyst they sholde be lost
For in them is the connynge wherin I me bost

sig: [b6]
But if it fortune that any lernyd men
Within my house fall to disputacion
I drawe the curtyns to shewe my bokes then
25 That they of my cunnynge sholde make probacion
I kepe nat to fall in altercacion
And whyle they comon my bokes I turne and wynde
For all is in them / and no-thynge in my mynde.

Tholomeus the riche causyd longe agone
30 Ouer all the worlde good bokes to be sought Ptolomeus[_philadelphus cui]us meminit. Iosephus.Ptolomeus philadelphus cuius meminit. Iosephus] philadetemus meminit Io Sephus 1509 li. xij. Ptolomeus philadelphus cuius meminit. Iosephus] philadetemus meminit Io Sephus 1509
Done was his commaundement anone
These bokes he had and in his stody brought
Whiche passyd all erthly treasoure as he thought
But neuertheles he dyd hym nat aply
35 Unto theyr doctryne / but lyued vnhappely

ref.ed: 21
Lo in lyke wyse of bokys I haue store Qui parum studet parum proficit glo. L. vnicuique. C. de [pro]xde prox] dex 1509 sacr. prox] dex 1509
But fewe I rede / and fewer vnderstande
I folowe nat theyr doctryne nor theyr lore
It is ynoughe to bere a boke in hande
40 It were to moche to be it suche a bande
For to be bounde to loke within the boke
I am content on the fayre couerynge to loke

Why sholde I stody to hurt my wyt therby
Or trouble my mynde with stody excessyue
45 Sythe many ar whiche stody right besely
And yet therby shall they neuer thryue
The fruyt of wysdom can they nat contryue
And many to stody so moche are inclynde
That vtterly they fall out of theyr mynde

50 Eche is nat lettred that nowe is made a lorde
Nor eche a clerke that hath a benefyce
They are nat all lawyers that plees doth recorde
All that are promotyd are nat fully wyse
On suche chaunce nowe fortune throwys hir dyce
55 That thoughe one knowe but the yresshe game
Yet wolde he haue a gentyll-mannys name

So in lyke wyse I am in suche case
Thoughe I nought can I wolde be callyd wyse
Also I may set another in my place
60 Whiche may for me my bokes excercyse
Or els I shall ensue the comon gyse
And say concedo to euery argument
Lyst by moche speche my latyn sholde be spent

sig: [b6v]
ref.ed: 22
I am lyke other Clerkes whiche so frowardly them gyde.
65 That after they ar onys come vnto promocion
They gyue them to plesour theyr stody set asyde.
Theyr Auaryce couerynge with fayned deuocion.
Yet dayly they preche: and haue great derysyon
Agaynst the rude Laymen: and al for Couetyse.
70 Though theyr owne Conscience be blynded with that vyce.

But if I durst trouth playnely vtter and expresse.
This is the special cause of this Inconuenyence.
That greatest foles / and fullest of lewdnes
Hauynge least wyt: and symplest Science
75 Ar fyrst promoted: and haue greatest reuerence
For if one can flater / and bere a hawke on his Fyst
He shalbe made Person of Honyngton or of Clyst.

But he that is in Stody ay ferme and diligent.
And without al fauour prechyth Chrystys lore
80 Of al the Comontye nowe-adayes is sore shent.
And by Estates thretened to Pryson oft therfore.
Thus what auayle is it / to vs to Stody more:
To knowe outher scripture / trouth / wysedom / or vertue
Syns fewe / or none without fauour dare them shewe.

85 But O noble Doctours / that worthy ar of name:
Consyder our olde faders: note wel theyr diligence: Prouer. quinto
Ensue ye theyr steppes: obtayne ye such fame.
As they dyd lyuynge: and that by true Prudence.
Within theyr hartys they planted theyr scyence
90 And nat in plesaunt bokes. But nowe to fewe suche be.
Therefore in this Shyp let them come rowe with me. ff. de origine. iur. l. ii. post originem.
ref.ed: 23

¶The Enuoy of Alexander_Barclay Translatour exortynge the Foles accloyed with this vice to amende theyr foly.
SAy worthy doctours and Clerkes curious:
What moueth you of Bokes to haue such nomber.
Syns dyuers doctrines throughe way contrarious.
Doth mannys mynde distract and sore encomber.
5 Alas blynde men awake / out of your slomber Translatio a somniantibus.
And if ye wyl nedys your bokes multyplye
With diligence endeuer you some to occupye.

De malis consultoribus.
sig: c1

De malis consultoribus.

Ciuilis quicunque ... auertere possunt.
sig: [c1v]
ref.ed: 24

¶Of euyl Counsellours / Iuges and men of lawe.
¶He that Office hath and hyghe autorite.
To rule a Royalme: as Iuge or Counsellour
Which seynge Iustice / playne ryght and equyte
Them falsly blyndeth by fauour or rigour
5 Condemnynge wretches gyltles. And to a Transgressour
For mede shewinge fauour. Suche is as wyse a man
As he that wolde seeth a quycke Sowe in a Pan.
ref.ed: 25
RIght many labours nowe / with hyghe diligence
For to be Lawyers the Comons to counsayle.
10 Therby to be in honour had and in reuerence
But onely they labour for theyr pryuate auayle. xlv. dis. omnis qui iudicat.
The purs of the Clyent shal fynde hym apparayle.
And yet knowes he neyther lawe good counsel nor Iustice.
But speketh at auenture: as men throwe the dyce. Ecclesiasti. ij. ij. q. vij. Sicut xxx. q. v. iudicantem.

15 Suche in the Senate ar taken oft to counsayle
With Statis of this and many a[n]other region. another] a other 1509
Whiche of theyr maners vnstable ar and frayle.
Nought of Lawe Ciuyl knowinge nor Canon.
But wander in derknes clerenes they haue none.
20 O noble Rome thou gat nat thy honours
Nor general Empyre by suche Counsellours.

sig: c2
Whan noble Rome all the worlde dyd gouerne Salustius bel. catelinario. Dilecti quibus corpus annis infermum ingenium sapientia validum erat reip. consultabant hij. etc.
Theyr councellers were olde men iust and prudent
Whiche egally dyd euery-thynge descerne
25 Wherby theyr Empyre became so excellent
But nowe-a-dayes he shall haue his intent
That hath most golde / and so it is befall
That aungels worke wonders in westmynster hall.

There cursyd coyne makyth the wronge seme right
30 The cause of hym that lyueth in pouertye
Hath no defence / tuycion / strenght nor myght
Suche is the olde custome of this faculte
That colours oft cloke Iustyce and equyte
None can the mater fele nor vnderstonde
35 Without the aungell be weyghty in his honde Iudicandum legibus non exemplis. l. meum. C. desentem. et inter.

ref.ed: 26
Thus for the hunger of syluer and of golde
Iustyce and right is in captyuyte
And as we se nat gyuen fre / but solde
Nouther to estates / nor sympell comonte
40 And though that many lawyers rightwysnes be
Yet many other dysdayne to se the ryght
And they ar suche as blynde Iustycis syght

There is one and other alleged at the barre vidi sub sole loco iudicii impietatem: et in loco iusticie inquitatem ecclesiastes. iij.
And namely suche as chrafty were in glose
45 Upon the lawe: the clyentis stande afarre
Full lytell knowynge howe [the] mater goose the mater] mater 1509
And many other the lawes clene transpose
Folowynge the example / of lawyers dede and gone
Tyll the pore Clyentis be etyn to the bone

50 It is not ynough to conforme thy mynde xi. q[. iij.]q. iij.] qui 1509 et si ad tempus.q. iij.] qui 1509
Unto the others faynyd opynyon
Thou sholde say trouthe / so Iustyce doth the bynde
And also lawe gyueth the commyssyon
To knowe hir / and kepe hir without transgressyon
55 Lyst they whome thou hast Iuged wrongfully Virgilius. nec curare deum credis mortalia quemquam.
Unto the hye Iuge for vengeaunce on the crye.

Perchaunce thou thynkest that god taketh no hede
To mannes dedys / nor workes of offence
Yes certaynly he knowes thy thought and dede Salustius priusquam incipias consulto et vbi consulueris mature opus est facto.
60 No-thynge is secrete / nor hyd from his presence
Wherfore if thou wylt gyde the by prudence
Or thou gyue Iugement of mater lesse or more
Take wyse mennys reade and good counsayle before

sig: [c2v]
ref.ed: 27
Loke in what Balance / what weyght and what mesure
65 Thou seruest other. for thou shalt serued be De pe. et re E. cum ex eo.
With the same after this lyfe I the ensure.
If thou ryghtwysly Iuge by lawe and equyte
Thou shalt haue presence of goddes hyghe maiestye
But if thou Iuge amys: than shall Eacus
70 (As Poetis sayth) hell Iuge thy rewarde discusse

God is aboue and regneth sempiternally. C. de iudi. l. rem
Whiche shall vs deme at his last Iugement.
And gyue rewardes to echone egally
After suche fourme as he his lyfe hath spent
75 Than shall we them se whome we as violent
Traytours: haue put to wronge in worde or dede
And after our deserte euen suche shall be our mede

There shall be no Bayle nor treatynge of maynpryse De re. iudi. cum eterni li.vj. Sapientie. v.
Ne worldly wysdome there shall no-thynge preuayle
80 There shall be no delayes vntyll another Syse
But outher quyt / or to infernall Gayle.
Ill Iuges so iuged / Lo here theyr trauayle
Worthely rewarded in wo withouten ende.
Than shall no grace be graunted ne space to amende.

The Enuoy of Alexander_Barclay the translatour.
THerfore ye yonge Studentes of the Chauncery:
(I speke nat to the olde the Cure of them is past)
Remember that Iustyce longe hath in bondage be
ref.ed: 28
Reduce ye hir nowe vnto lybertye at the last.
5 Endeuer you hir bondes to louse or to brast
Hir raunsome is payde and more by a thousande pounde
And yet alas the lady Iustyce lyeth bounde.

Thoughe your fore-Faders haue take hir prysoner Luce xi. et vobis legis peritis ve quia oneratis homines oneribus que portare non possunt et ipsi vno digito non tangitis sarcinas. F.
And done hir in a Dongeon nat mete for hir degre
10 Lay to your handes and helpe hir from daungere
And hir restore vnto hir lybertye
That pore men and monyles may hir onys se
But certaynly I fere lyst she hath lost hir name
Or by longe prysonment shall after euer be lame
sig: c3

De auaritia et prodigalitate.
Peritnet ad ... ditique parentant.
sig: [c3v]
ref.ed: 29

¶Of Auaryce or Couetyse and prodygalyte.
¶Ye that ar gyuen ouer-moche to Couetyse
Come nere / a place is here for you to dwel
Come nere ye wastfull people in lyke wyse
Youre rowme shall be hye in the Topcastell
5 Ye care for no shame / for heuen nor for hell
Golde is your god / ryches gotten wrongfully
Ye dame your soule / and yet lyue in penury.

ref.ed: 30
HE that is besy euery day and houre xlvij. dis. sicut.
Without mesure / maner / or moderacion
10 To gather riches and great store of treasoure
Therof no ioy takinge / confort nor consolacion.
He is a Fole: and of blynde and mad opynyon.
For that which he getteth and kepeth [w]rongfully wrongfully] frongfully 1509 P[sal]. Psal.] Primo. 1509 xlviij. P[sal]. Psal.] Primo. 1509 xlviij. Psal.] Primo. 1509
His heyre often wasteth moche more vnthryftely.

15 While he here lyueth in this lyfe caduke and mortal.
Ful sore he laboureth: and oft hungry gothe to bed
Sparinge from hymselfe: for hym that neuer shal
After do hym goode. thoughe he were harde bested.
Thus is this Couetous wretche so blyndly led
20 By the fende that here he lyueth wretchydly
And after his deth damned eternally.

sig: [c4]
There wandreth he in dolour and derknes Ecclesiasti. v.
Amonge infernall flodes tedyous and horryble psal. xlviij.
Let se what auayleth than all his ryches
25 Ungracyously gotyne / his paynes ar terryble
Than wolde a mende but it is inpossyble 'a'='he'?
In hell is no order nor hope of remedy
But sorowe vpon sorowe / and that euerlastyngly

Yet fynde I a nother vyce as bad as this Ca de cura furio. l. i.
30 Whiche is the vyce of prodygalyte
He spendyth all in ryot and amys
Without all order / pursuynge pouertye
He lyketh nat to lyue styll in prosperite
But all and more he wastyth out at large
35 (Beware the ende) is the leste poynt of his charge

ref.ed: 31
But of the couetous somwhat to say agayne Vendi animam lucro. etc. Persius.
Thou art a fole thy soule to sell for riches
Or put thy body to labour or to payne
Thy mynde to fere / thy herte to heuynesse
40 Thou fole thou fleest no maner cruelnesse
So thou may get money / to make thy heyr a knyght
Thou sleest thy soule where-as thou saue it myght

Thou hast no rest thy mynde is euer in fere Iuuenalis.
Of mysauenture / nor neuer art content
45 Deth is forgoten / thou carest nat a here
To saue thy soule from infernall punysshement Sophonia si ca sed et argentum. etc.
If thou be dampned / than art thou at thy stent
By thy ryches whiche thou here hast left behynde
To thy executours / thou shalt small comforte fynde Luce. xvi. [I]ob. Iob.] Tob. 1509 xxvij. Iob.] Tob. 1509

50 Theyr custome is to holde fast that they haue
Thy pore soule shall be farthest fro theyr thought
If that thy carkes be brought onys in the graue
And that they haue thy bagges in handes cought
What say they / than (by god the man had nought)
55 Whyle he here lyuyd he was to lyberall
Thus dampned is thy soule / thy ryches cause of all

Who wyll denay but it is necessary
Of riches for to haue plenty and store
To this opynyon I wyll nat say contrary
60 So it be ordred after holy lore
Whyle thy-selfe leuest departe some to the pore Thobi. iiij.
With thy owne hande trust nat thy executours Daniel. iiij.
Gyue for god / and god shall sende at all houres Luce. xi.

sig: [c4v]
ref.ed: 32
Rede Tullius warkes the worthy Oratour. Tullius in para.
65 And writen shalt thou fynde in right fruteful sentence
That neuer wyse man loued ouer-great honour.
Nor to haue great riches put ouer great diligence
But onely theyr mynde was set on Sapience
And quyetly to lyue in Iust symplycite.
70 For in greatest honour is greatest ieoperdye.

He that is symple / and on the grounde doth lye
And that can be content with ynoughe or suffisaunce
Is surer by moche than he that lyeth on hye.
Nowe vp nowe downe vnsure as a Balaunce.
75 But sothly he that set wyll his plesance
Onely on wysdom and styl therfore labour.
Shal haue more goode than all erthly tresour. Melior est sapientia negociatione auri et argenti.

Wysdom techeth to eschewe al offence.
Gydynge mankynde the ryght way to vertue.
80 But of couetyse Comys all Inconuenyence.
It cawseth man of worde to be vntrue.
Forswerynge and falshode doth it also ensue.
Brybery and Extorcion / murder and myschefe.
Shame is his ende: his lyuyinge is reprefe.

85 By couetyse Crassus brought was to his ende. Crassus i. q. i. c. que quidam vir crassus.
By it the worthy Romayns lost theyr name.
Of this one yl a thousand ylles doth descende.
Besyde enuy / Pryde / wretchydnes and shame.
Crates the Philosopher dyd Couetyse so blame: Crates thebanus xii. q. ij. gloria episcopi.
90 That to haue his mynde vnto his stody fre.
He threwe his Tresour all hole into the see.

ref.ed: 33
But shortly to conclude. Both bodely bondage.
And gostly also: procedeth of this couetyse.
The soule is damned the body hath damage
95 As hunger / thyrst / and colde with other preiudice.
Bereft [of] the ioyes of heuenly Paradyse. of] 1509 omits
For golde was theyr god and that is left behynde
Theyr bodyes beryed the soule clene out of mynde

The Enuoy of Alexander_Barclay translatour.
¶Therefore thou couetouse thou wretch I speke to the.
Amende thy-selfe ryse out of this blyndenes.
Content the wyth ynoughe for thy degre.
Dam nat thy soule by gatheringe frayle riches
5 Remembre this is a Uale of wretchednes.
Thou shalt no rest nor dwellynge-place here fynde.
Depart thou shalt and leue it al behynde.
sig: [c5]

De nouis ritibus.
Quisquis amat ... crimina vita.
sig: [c5v]
ref.ed: 34

¶Of newe fassions and disgised Garmentes.
¶Who that newe garmentes loues or deuyses.
Or weryth by his symple wyt / and vanyte
Gyuyth by his foly and vnthryfty gyses
Moche yl example to yonge Comontye.
5 Suche one is a Fole and skant shal euer thee
And comonly it is sene that nowe-a-dayes
One Fole gladly folowes anothers wayes.
ref.ed: 35
DRawe nere ye Courters and Galants disgised
Ye counterfayt Caytifs. that ar nat content
10 As god hath you made: his warke is despysed
Ye thynke you more crafty than God o[m]nipotent. omnipotent] onipotent 1509
Unstable is your mynde: that shewes by your garment
A fole is knowen by his toyes and his Cote.
But by theyr clothinge nowe may we many note. Math. xviii.

15 Aparayle is apayred. Al sadnes is decayde
The garmentes ar gone that longed to honestye.
And in newe sortes newe Foles ar arayede ij. Regum. x.
Despisynge the costom of good antiquyte. Nouitatibus indulgendum non est. xi. dis C. fide consue. cum consuetudinibus.
Mannys fourme is disfigured with euery degre
20 As Knyght Squyer yeman Ientilman and knaue
For al in theyr goynge vngoodely them behaue

sig: [c6]
The tyme hath ben / nat longe before our dayes
Whan men with honest ray coude holde them-self content.
Without these disgised: and counterfayted wayes.
25 Wherby theyr goodes ar wasted / loste / and spent.
Socrates with many mo in wysdom excellent.
Bycause they wolde nought change that cam of nature Socrates in exemplum vetustatis inducitur.
Let growe theyre here without cuttinge or scissure.

At that tyme was it reputed to lawde and great honour.
30 To haue longe here: the Beerde downe to the brest
For so they vsed that were of moste valour.
Stryuynge together who myht be godlyest
Saddest / most clenely / discretest / and moste honest.
But nowe-adayes together we contende and stryue.
35 Who may be gayest: and newest wayes contryue.

ref.ed: 36
Fewe kepeth mesure / but excesse and great outrage
In theyr aparayle. And so therin they procede
That theyr goode is spent: theyr Londe layde to morgage.
Or solde out-right: of Thryft they take no hede.
40 Hauinge no Peny them to socour at theyr nede.
So whan theyr goode by suche wastefulnes is loste.
They sel agayne theyr Clothes for half that they coste.

A fox-furred Ientelman: of the fyrst yere or hede.
If he be made a Bailyf a Clerke or a Constable.
45 And can kepe a Parke or Court and rede a Dede
Than is Ueluet to his state mete and agreable.
Howbeit he were more mete to bere a Babyl.
For his Foles Hode his iyen so sore doth blynde
That Pryde expelleth his lynage from his mynde.

50 Yet fynde I another sort almoste as bad as thay.
As yonge Ientyl-men descended of worthy Auncetry.
Whiche go ful wantonly in dissolute aray.
Counterfayt / disgised / and moche vnmanerly
Blasinge and garded: to lowe or else to hye.
55 And wyde without mesure: theyr stuffe to wast thus gothe
But other some they suffer to dye for lacke of clothe

Some theyr neckes charged with colers / and chaynes De vita et honestate clericorum ca. pe.
As golden withtthes: theyr fyngers ful of rynges:
Theyr neckes naked: almoste vnto the raynes
60 Theyr sleues blasinge lyke to a Cranys wynges
Thus by this deuysinge suche counterfayted thinges
They dysfourme that figure that god hymselfe hath made
On pryde and abusion thus ar theyr myndes layde Tullius

sig: [c6v]
ref.ed: 37
Than the Courters careles that on theyr mayster wayte
65 Seinge hym his Uesture in suche fourme abuse
Assayeth suche Fassion for them to counterfayte.
And so to sue Pryde contynually they muse.
Than stele they; or Rubbe they. Forsoth they can nat chuse.
For without Londe or Labour harde is it to mentayne.
70 But to thynke on the Galows that is a careful payne.

But be it payne or nat: there many suche ende.
At Newgate theyr garmentis ar offred to be solde.
Theyr bodyes to the Iebet solemly ascende.
Wauynge with the wether whyle theyr necke wyl holde.
75 But if I shulde wryte al the ylles manyfolde.
That procedeth of this counterfayt abusion
And mysshapen Fassions: I neuer shulde haue done.

¶For both States / comons / man / woman / and chylde
Ar vtterly incly[n]ed to this inconuenyence. inclyned] inclyed 1509
80 But namely therwith these Courters ar defyled.
Bytwen mayster and man I fynde no dyfference.
Therfore ye Courters knowlege your offence.
Do nat your errour mentayne / support nor excuse.
For Fowles ye ar your Rayment thus to abuse.

85 To Shyp Galauntes come nere I say agayne.
Wyth your set Busshes Curlynge as men of Inde. xx. q. i. ca. vltimo l. i. ca. de vestiolob. et aur. libro xi.
Ye counterfayted Courters come with your fleinge brayne
Expressed by these variable Garmentes that ye fynde.
To tempt chast Damsels and turne them to your mynde
90 Your breste ye discouer and necke. Thus your abusion
Is the Fendes bate. And your soules confusion.

ref.ed: 38
Come nere disgysed foles: receyue your Foles Hode.
And ye that in sondry colours ar arayde.
Ye garded galantes wastinge thus your goode
95 Come nere with your Shertes brodered and displayed. xxxi. dis. si. qua. et. xxv. si quis virorum.
In fourme of Surplys. Forsoth it may be sayde.
That of your Sort right fewe shal thryue this yere.
Or that your faders werith suche Habyte in the Quere.

And ye Ientyl-wymen whome this lewde vice doth blynde
100 Lased on the backe: your peakes set a_loft.
Come to my Shyp. forget ye nat behynde.
Your Sadel on the tayle: yf ye lyst to syt soft.
Do on your Decke Slut: yf ye purpos to come oft.
I mean your Copyntanke: And if it wyl do no goode.
105 To kepe you from the rayne. ye shall haue a foles hode.

sig: d1
By the ale-stake knowe we the ale-hous
And euery Inne is knowen by the sygne
So a lewde woman and a lecherous
Is knowen by hir clothes / be they cours or fyne
110 Folowynge newe fassyons / not graunted by doctryne
The bocher sheweth his flesshe it to sell
So doth these women dampnyng theyr soule to hell

What shall I more wryte of our enormyte
Both man and woman as I before haue sayde
115 Ar rayde and clothyd nat after theyr degre
As nat content with the shape that god hath made
The clenlynes of Clergye is nere also decayed.
Our olde apparale (alas) is nowe layde downe
And many prestes asshamed of theyr Crowne.

ref.ed: 39
120 Unto laymen we vs refourme agayne
As of chryste our mayster in maner halfe asshamed
My hert doth wepe: my tunge doth sore complayne
Seing howe our State is worthy to be blamed.
But if all the Foly of our Hole Royalme were named
125 Of mys_apparayle of Olde / young / lowe / and hye /
The tyme shulde fayle: and space to me denye.

Alas thus al states of Chrysten men declynes.
And of wymen also disfourmynge theyr fygure.
Wors than the Turkes / Iewes / or Sarazyns. Seneca in hercule etheo.
130 A Englonde Englonde amende or be thou sure
Thy noble name and fame can nat endure a[p]ostrophe ad angliam.apostrophe] anostrophe 1509 apostrophe] anostrophe 1509
Amende lyst god do greuously chastyce.
Bothe the begynners and folowe[r]s of this vyce folowers] folowes 1509

¶The enuoy of Alexander_barclay the translatour.
REduce courters clerly vnto your rembrance
From whens this disgysyng was brought wherin ye go
As I remember it was brought out of France
This is to your plesour. But payne ye had also.
5 As Frenche Pockes hote ylles with other paynes mo.
Take ye in good worth the swetnes with the Sour.
For often plesour endeth with sorowe and dolour.

But ye proude Galaundes that thus yourselfe disgise
Be ye asshamed. beholde vnto your Prynce. Laus summa de grauitate eximia henrici anglorum regis. viij.
10 Consyder his sadnes: His honestye deuyse
His clothynge expresseth his inwarde prudence
Ye se no Example of suche Inconuenyence
In his hyghnes: but godly wyt and grauyte
Ensue hym: and sorowe for your enormyte

sig: [d1v]
ref.ed: 40
15 Away with this pryde / this statelynes let be
Rede of the Prophetis clothynge or vesture
And of Adam firste of your ancestrye
Of Iohnn the Prophete / theyr clothynge was obscure
Uyle and homly / but nowe what creature
20 Wyll then ensue / sothly fewe by theyr wyll
Therfore suche folys my nauy shall fulfyll

De Antiquis fatuis.
Ad patulum ... triuerit annos.
sig: d2
Moribus in prauis ... depellere mores.

ref.ed: 41
¶Of old folys that is to say the longer they lyue the more they ar gyuen to foly.
¶Howe-beit I stoup / and fast declyne
Dayly to my graue / and sepulture
And though my lyfe fast do enclyne
To pay the trybute of nature
5 Yet styll remayne I and endure
In my olde synnes / and them nat hate
Nought yonge / wors olde / suche is my state
ref.ed: 42
THe madnes of my youthe rotyd in my age
And the blynde foly of my iniquite
10 Wyll me nat suffer to leue myne old vsage
sig: [d2v]
Nor my fore-lyuynge full of enormyte
Lame ar his lymmys / and also I can nat se Ouidius in fast.
I am a childe and yet lyuyd haue I Prouer. xxij. Esaie. xlvi.
[An] hundreth wynter / encresynge my foly An] And 1509
15 But though I myght lerne my wyll is nat therto
But besy I am and fully set my thought
To gyue example to children to mysdo
By my lewde doctryne bryngynge them to nought
And whan they ar onys into my daunce brought
20 I teche them my foly wysdome set asyde
My-selfe example / begynner / and theyr gyde

My lewde lyfe / my foly and my selfwyllyd mynde C. ex studiis et ca cum in iuuentute de presumpti.
Whiche I haue styll kept hytherto in this lyfe Whiche] Whhiche 1509
In my testament I leue wryten behynde
25 Bequethyng parte both to man childe and wyfe
I am the actour of myschefe and of stryfe
The foly of my youth and the inconuenyence
In age I practyse / techynge by experyence
I am a fole and glad am of that name Laudatur peccator in desideriis suis psal. xviij.
30 Desyrynge lawde for eche vngracious dede
And of my foly to spred abrode the fame
To showe my vyce and synne / as voyde of drede
Of heuen or hell. therfore I take no hede
But as some stryue disputynge of theyr cunnynge
35 Right so do I in lewdnes and myslyuynge.
ref.ed: 43
Somtyme I bost me of falshode and dysceyt
Somtyme of the sede that sawyn is by me
Of all myschefe / as murder flatery debate
Couetyse bacbytynge theft and lechery
40 My mynde is nat to mende my iniquyte
But rather I sorowe that my lyfe is wore
That I can nat do as I haue done before xvi. dis nec licuit.
But syns my lyfe so sodaynly dothe apeyre
That byde I can nat styll in this degre
45 I shall infourme and teche my sone and heyre
To folowe his fader / and lerne this way of me
The way is large / god wot glad shall he be De conse. dis. v. vl. in glo.
Lernynge my lore with affeccion and desyre
And folowe the steppys of his vnthryfty syre
50 I trust so crafty and wyse to make the lad Iuuenalis
That me his father he shall pas and excell
O that my herte shall than be wonder glad
sig: d3
If I here-of may knowe / se / or here tell
If he be false faynynge sotyll or cruell
55 And so styll endure I haue a speciall hope
To make hym scrybe to a Cardynall or Pope.
Or els if he can be a fals extorcyoner
Fasynge and bostynge to scratche and to kepe
He shall be made a comon costomer
60 As yche hope of Lyn Calays or of Depe
Than may he after to some great offyce crepe
So that if he can onys plede a case
He may be made Iuge of the comon-place.
ref.ed: 44
Thus shall he lyue as I haue all his dayes
65 And in his age increas his folysshenes
His fader came to worshyp by suche ways
So shall the sone / if he hym-selfe addres
To sue my steppes in falshode and lewdnes
And at leste if he can come to no degre
70 This shyp of folys shall he gouerne with me

Barklay to the folys.
AWake age alas what thynkest thou be Tullius de senectute.
Awake I say out of thy blynde derkenes
Remembrest thou nat that shortly thou shalt dye
Aryse from synne amende thy folysshenes
5 Though thy youth reted were in vyciousnes
Aryse in age is full tyme to leue it
Thy graue is open thy one fote in the pyt
Leue thy bostynge of that thou hast done amys
Bewayle thy synnes / sayeng with rufull mone
10 Delicta iuuentutis mee deus ne memineris
Amende the or thy youth be fully gone
That sore is harde to hele that bredes in the bone
He that is nought yonge / procedynge so in age Danie. xiij.
Shall skant euer his vyciousnes asswage Prouer. xxvi. et. xviij.
15 What thinge is more abhomynable in goddes syght.
Than vicious age: certaynly no-thynge.
It is eke wordly shame / whan thy corage and myght
Is nere dekayed / to kepe thy lewde lyuynge.
And by example of the / thy yonge children to brynge.
20 Into a vicious lyfe: and all goodnes to hate.
Alas age thus thou art the Fendes bate.
sig: [d3v]

De doctrina filiorum.
Indulget quicunque ... luxumque pudendum:
sig: [d4]
ref.ed: 45

¶Of the erudicion of neglygent faders anenst theyr chyldren.
That fole that suffreth his Chylde for to offende
Wythout rebukynge / blame / and correccion.
And hym nat exhorteth / hymselfe to amende.
Of suche fawtes as by hym ar done.
5 Shal it sore repent: god wote howe sone
For oft the faders foly / fauour / and neglygence
Causeth the Chylde for to fall to great offence
ref.ed: 46
A Myserable Fole euermore shal he be.
A wretche vnauysed / and a Catyf blynde.
10 Whiche his chyldren fawtes forseth nat to see
Hauynge no care for to induce theyr mynde
To godly vertue: and vyce to leue behynde. Prouer. xiij.
For whyle they ar yonge fereful and tender of age. Eccle .xxx.
Theyre vyce and foly is easy to asswage. lxv. dis. cum bea.
15 Two dyuers sortes of these foles may we fynde.
By whome theyr chyldren ar brou[g]ht to confusion. brought] brouht 1509
The one is neglygent. the other is starke blynde.
Nat wyllynge to beholde his childes yl condicion.
Whyle he is in youthe: But for a conclusion
20 He is a Fole that wyl nat se theyr vyce.
And he that seyth: and wyl it nat chastyce.
sig: [d4v]
Alas thou art a cursed counselloure Prouer. xxij.
To wanton youth that tender is of age
To let them wander without gouernoure
25 Or wyse mayster / in youthes furious rage
Get them a mayster theyr foly to asswage
For as a herdles flocke strayth in Iepardy
So children without gyde wandreth in foly. Numer. xxvij. Esa. liij.
To moche lyberty pleasoure and lycence Therencius Nos omnes licencia deteriores sumus.
30 Gyuen vnto youth / whether it be or age
Right often causyth great inconuenyence
As ryot mysrule with other sore damage
Theyr londe and goodes solde or layde to gage
But thou folysshe father art redy to excuse
35 Thy yonge children of theyr synne and abuse

ref.ed: 47
Thou sayst they ar ouer-tender to eschewe
Theyr folysshe maners and they haue no skyll
To knowe the wayes of goodnes or vertue
Nor to discerne what is gode / what is yll
40 Thou blynde dodart these wordes holde thou styll Virtus adeo in teneris consuescere multum est
Theyr youth can nat excuse thy folysshenes
He that can yll as well myght lerne goodnes

A yonge hert is as apt to take wysdome Iuue[n]alis Ex studijs intelligetur puer si munda et recta sunt opera eius. prouer. xx.
As is an olde / and if it rotyd be
45 It sawyth sede of holy lyfe to come
Also in children we often-tymes se
Great aptnes outwarde and syne of grauyte
But fyll an erthen pot firste with yll lycoure
And euer after it shall smell somwhat soure Horatius in ar. poetica. Quo semel est imbuta recens seruabit odorem testa diu.

50 So youth brought vp in lewdnes and in syn
Shall skant it shrape so clene out of his mynde
But that styll after some spot wyll byde within
A lytell twygge plyant is by kynde
A bygger braunche is harde to bowe or wynde
55 But suffer the braunche to a byg tre to growe Ouidius de remedio amoris
And rather it shall brake than outher wynde or bowe

Correct thy childe whyle he is lyke a twygge
Soupyll and plyant / apt to correccion
It wyll be harde forsoth whan he is bygge
60 To brynge his stubron herte to subieccion
What hurtyth punysshement with moderacion
Unto yonge children / certaynely no-thynge Prouer. xxiiij.
It voydeth vyce / gettynge vertue and cunnynge

sig: [d5]
ref.ed: 48
Say folysshe fader haddest thou leuer se
65 Thy sonnes necke vnwrested wyth a rope.
Than with a rod his skyn shulde brokyn be.
And oft thou trustest: and hast a stedfast hope
To se thy son promoted nere as hye as is the Pope
But yet perchaunce mourne thou shalt ful sore.
70 For his shameful ende: fortuned for lacke of lore.

Some folowe theyr chyldrens wyl and lewde plesour
So grauntinge them theyr mynde: that after it doth fal
To theyr great shame: theyr sorowe and dolour
As dyd to Priamus a Kynge Imperial Fatum Priami.
75 Whiche suffred his men: his son chefe of them al
By force from Grece to robbe the fayre Helayne.
Wherby both Fader and son were after slayne.

With noble Hector and many thousandes mo.
The Cyte of Troy vnto the ground clene brent.
80 I rede in the Cronycles of the Romayns also
Howe Tarquyne the proude had shame and punysshment: Tarquinus filius tarquini superbi Romanorum regis de quo Valerius
For rauysshynge chaste Lucres agaynst hyr assent.
Wherfore hyr-selfe she slewe hyr seynge thus defiled. Lucrecia sese interemit.
For the which dede this Tarquyn was exiled.

85 From Rome: wandrynge in the Costes of Italy.
Dyd nat the traytour Catelyne also conspyre Catelina de quo Salustius
And many mo sworne to his cruel tyranny
Agaynst the Romans to oppresse theyr Impyre /
But he and all his were murdred for theyr hyre.
90 And nat vnworthely. Beholde wherto they come
Which ar nat enfourmed in youth to ensue wysdom.

ref.ed: 49
The son oft foloweth the faders behauour
And if the fader be discrete and vertuous.
The son shal suche wayes practyse both day and hour.
95 But if that the fader be lewde and vicious
By falshode lyuynge: and by wayes cautelous.
The son also the same wayes wyl ensue
And that moche rather than goodnes or vertue

Therfore it nedeth that better prouysion.
100 Were founde for youthe by sad and wyse counsayle
Far from theyr faders of this condicion.
And other lewde gydes which myght theyr myndes assayle
Greuously wyth syn. So were it theyr auayle
From theyr faders frawde and falshode to declyne
105 And them submyt to some lawdable mannys doctryne.

sig: [d5v]
Peleus / somtyme a noble and worthy kynge Peleus de quo Homerus.
Subdued Achylles vnto the doctryne
Of phenix whiche was both worthy and cunnynge
Wherfore Achyllys right gladly dyd enclyne
110 With his hert and mynde vnto his disciplyne
Wherby his name so noble was at the last
That all Asy in worthynes he past

¶Ryght so Philippus a kynge worthy of name Philippus
Ouer all Grece made great inqui[si]cion inquisicion] iniquicion 1509
115 To fynde one wyse / sad and laudable of fame
To Alexander his sonne for to gyue Instruccion.
Founde was great Aristotyl at the conclusion aristoteles magister Alexandri_magni et discipulus platonis.
Disciple of Plato. whiche in euery Science.
Infourmed this chylde with parfyte diligence.

ref.ed: 50
120 Whiche Alexander afterward had so great dignyte.
What by his strength / his cunnynge / and boldenes.
That he was lorde both of Londe and See.
And none durst rebel aganst his worthynes.
Lo here the lawde / the honour / and nobles.
125 Which dothe procede of vertue and doctryne
But few ar the faders that nowe hereto inclyne.

Fewe ar that forceth nowe-adayes to se
Theyr chyldren taught: or to do any cost
On som sad man / wyse / and of auctorite:
130 Al that is theron bestowed thynke they loste.
The folyssh Fader oft-tymes maketh great boste.
That he his son to habundant riches shal auance
But no-thynge he speketh of vertuous gouernance.

The feder made but smal shyft or prouysion.
135 To induce his Son by vertuous doctryne.
But whan he is dede and past: moche les shal the son
To stody of grace his mynde or hert inclyne. Prouerbiorum x.
But abuse his reason: and from al good declyne.
Alas folysshe faders gyue your aduertence
140 To Crates complaynt comprysed in this sentence. Crates thebanus.

If it were graunted to me to shewe my thought
Ye folysshe faders Caytifes I myght you cal
Whiche gather riches to brynge your chylde to nought.
Gyuynge him occasion forto be prodigal.
145 But goode nor cunnynge shewe ye hym none at all.
But whan ye drawe to age / ye than moste comonly. Prouer. xix.
Sorowe for your suffrance. But without remedy. Eccle. xxii.

sig: [d6]
ref.ed: 51
An olde sore to hele is oft halfe incurable
Ryght so ar these Chyldren roted in myschefe
150 Some after euer lyueth a lyfe abhomynable
To al theyr Kyn great sorowe and reprefe.
The one is a murderer the other a fereles thefe. Deutro. xxi.
The one of god nor goode man hath no fors ne care.
Another so out wasteth that his frendes ar ful bare.

155 Some theyr londe and lyuelode in riot out wasteth.
At cardes and / tenys / and other vnlawful gamys.
And some wyth the Dyce theyr thryft away casteth.
Some theyr soule damnes / and theyr body shames.
With flesshly lust: which many one dyffamys.
160 Spendynge the floures of youth moche vnthryftely.
On dyuers Braunches that longe to Lechery.

Another delyteth hymselfe in Glotony.
Etynge and drynkynge without maner / or mesure:
The more that some drynke: the more they wax drye.
165 He is moste Gala[n]t whyche lengest can endure.
Thus without mesure ouercharge they theyr nature.
So that theyr Soule is loste theyr body and goode is spent.
For lacke of doctryne / Norture and punysshment.

Se here playne prose / example and euydence xii. q. i. omnis. Geneseos viii.
170 Howe youthe which is nat norysshed in doctryne.
In age is gyuen vnto al Inconuenyence.
But nought shall make youthe soner forto inclyne.
To noble maners: nor Godly dysciplyne:
Than shal the doctryne of a mayster wyse and sad: Prouer. xix.
175 For the rote of vertue and wysdome therby is had. Eccle. Eccle.] Ecccle. 1509 vii. Eccle.] Ecccle. 1509

ref.ed: 52
Without dout Noblenes is moche excellent
Whiche oft causeth youth to be had in great honour.
To haue the name / and lawde they ar content. Seneca.
Thoughe it be nat gotten by theyr owne labour. Iuuenalis.
180 But what auayleth them this lewde obscure errour
Of suche hye byrthe them-self to magnyfy.
Sythe they defyle it with vice and Uilany.

Why art thou proude thou foul of that nobles
Whyche is nat gotten by thyne owne vertue.
185 By thy goode maners / wyt nor worthynes:
But this forsothe oft-tymes fynde I true
That of a goode beste / yl whelpes may we shewe.
In lyke wyse of a Moder that is bothe chast and goode.
Often is brought forth a ful vngracious Brode.

sig: [d6v]
190 But though the childe be of lewde condicion
And of his nature frowarde and varyable
If the fader be slacke in the correccion
Of his childe / he onely is culpable
Whiche wyll nat teche hym maners commendable Eccle. xxij.
195 Thus is the fader a fole for his suffraunce
And the sone also for his mysgouernaunce

Auoyd faders your fauour and suffraunce
Anenst your children in theyr faute and offence
Reduce ye clerely vnto your remembraunce
That many a thousande inconuenyence
5 Haue children done by theyr faders negligence
But to say trouth brefely in one clause
The faders fauour onely is the cause
ref.ed: 53

¶Of tale-berers / fals reporters / and prom[o]ters
promoters] prometers 1509
of stryfes.
¶Of folys yet fynde I another maner sorte
Whiche ar cause of brawlynge stryfe and deuysion
Suche ar dowble tongyd that lesyngys reporte
Therby trustynge to come to great promosion
5 But suche lewde caytyfes at the conclusion
Bytwene two mylstons theyr legges puttes to grynde
And for rewarde / theyr confusion shall they fynde.
sig: e1
ref.ed: 54
SOme ar that thynke the pleasoure and ioy of theyr lyfe Prouer. xvi. et xix.
To brynge men in b[r]awlynge to discorde and debate brawlynge] blawlynge 1509
10 Enioynge to moue them to chydynge and to stryfe Eccle. xxvij.
And where loue before was to cause mortall hate
With the comonty / and many great estate
Suche is moche wors than outher murderer or thefe
For ofte of his talys procedeth grete myschefe

15 Within his mouth is venym Ieperdous and vyle Ecc. x.
His tonge styll laboryth lesynges to contryue
His mynde styll museth on falshode and on gyle
Therwith to trobyll suche as gladly wolde nat stryue
Somtyme his wordes as dartis he doth dryue Prauo corde machinatur malum cum tempore et iurgia seminat. prouer. sexto.
20 Agaynst good men: for onely his delyte.
Is set to sclaunder to diffame and bacbyte.

And namely them that fautles ar and innocent.
Of conscience clene / and maners commendable
These dryuyls sclaunder / beynge full dilygent. Sex sunt que odit dominus. etc. prouer. vi.
25 To deuyde / louers that ar moste agreable
His tonge Infect his mynde abhomynable
Infectyth loue and ouertourneth charyte
Of them that longe-tyme haue lyuyd in amyte

But he that accused is thus without all faute Prouer. xxix.
30 And so sclaundred of this caytyf vnthryfty
Knowyth nought of this ieoperdous assaute
For he nought dowteth that is no-thynge fauty
Thus whyle he nought feryth comyth sodaynly
This venemous doloure distaynynge his gode name
35 And so gyltles put to rebuke / and to shame

ref.ed: 55
Thus if one serche and seke the worlde ouerall Prouer. xxiiij.
Than a backbyter nought is more peryllous
His mynde myscheuous / his wordys or mortall
His damnable byt is foule and venemous
40 A thousande lyes of gyles odyous Prouer. primo pedes. n. eorum ad malum currunt et festinant vt effundant sanguinem.
He castyth out where he wolde haue debate
Engendrynge murder whan he his tyme can wayt

Where-as any frendes lyueth in accorde
Faythfull and true: this cowarde and caytyf
45 With his fals talys them bryngeth to dyscorde Esai. xxxij.
And with his venym kepeth them in stryfe ipsi quoque contra sanguinem suum insidiantur: et moliuntur fraudes contra animas suas pro. primo.
But howe-beit that he thus pas forth his lyfe
Sawynge his sede of debate and myschefe
His darte oft retourneth to his own reprefe

sig: [e1v]
50 But nat withstandynge / suche boldely wyl excuse
His fals dyffamynge: as fautles and innocent.
If any hym for his dedes worthely accuse
He couereth his venym: as symple of intent.
Other ar whiche flater: and to euery-thynge assent.
55 Before face folowynge the way of adulacion /
Whiche afterwarde sore hurteth by detraccion.

The worlde is nowe alle set on dyffamacion. Therencius in eunucho olim isti fuit generi quondam questus apud seculum prius. etc.
Suche as ar moste cherisshed that best can forge a tale.
Whych shulde be moste had in abhomynacion.
60 And so they ar of wyse men without fayle.
But suche as ar voyde of wysdom and counsayle
Inclyneth theyr erys to sclander and detraccion.
Moche rather than they wolde to a noble sermon. Horatius.

ref.ed: 56
But euery Sclanderer / and begynner of stryfe. Sapientie. i.
65 Lousers of loue / and infecters of Charite. Prouer. xix.
Unworthy ar to lyue here at large in this lyfe.
But in derke Dongeon they worthy ar to be.
And there to remayne in pryson tyl they dye.
For with ther yl tunges they labour to destroy
70 Concorde: whiche cause is of loue and of ioy.

An olde quean that hath ben nought al hyr dayes.
Whiche oft hath for money hyr body let to hyre
Thynketh that al other doth folowe hyr olde wayes.
So she and hyr boul-felawes syttinge by the fyre.
75 The Boule about walkynge with theyr tunges they conspyre
Agaynst goode peple / to sclander them wyth shame.
Than shal the noughty doughter lerne of the bawdy dame.

By his warkes knowen is euery creature
For if one good / louynge / meke and charitable be.
80 He labours no debates amonge men to procure.
But coueyteth to norysshe true loue and charite.
Where-as the other ful of falshode and iniquyte
Theyr synguler plesour put to ingender variaunce.
But oft theyr folysshe stody retournes to theyr myschaunce

85 Therfore ye bacbyters that folke thus dyffame remoue a te os prauum et detrahencia labia sint procul a te prouerb. iiij.
Leue of your lewdnes and note wel this sentence.
Which Cryist hymself sayd: to great rebuke and shame
Unto them that sclandreth a man of Innocence.
Wo be to them whych by malyuolence
90 Slandreth or dyffameth any creature.
But wel is hym that wyth pacience can indure.

De delatoribus et litigiorum promotoribus.
sig: e2
Qui duplici ... luce perosus.
sig: [e2v]

Non sequi bona consilia.
Est: et non: ... telluris aratrum.
sig: e3
ref.ed: 57

¶Of hym that wyll nat folowe nor ensue good counsell / and necessary.
¶Of folys yet another sorte doth come
Vnto our shyp rowynge with great trauayle
Whiche nought perceyue of doctryne nor wysdome
And yet dysdayne they to aske wyse counseyll
5 Nor it to folowe for theyr owne auayle
Let suche folys therat haue no dysdayne
If they alone endure theyr losse and payne
ref.ed: 58
HE is a fole that dothe coueyt and desyre
To haue the name of wysdome and prudence
10 And yet of one sought thorugh a cyte or a shyre
None coude be founde of lesse wysdome nor science Ne sis sapiens aput temetipsum. prouer. iii.
But whyle he thynketh hym full of sapience
Crafty and wyse / doutles he is more blynde
Than is that fole wh[i]che is out of his mynde whiche] whche 1509 Prouer. xiiii. et xi. Prouer. xiiii. et xi.

15 But though he be wyse / and of myght meruaylous Abdie. ii.
Endued with retoryke and with eloquence
And of hym-selfe both ware and cautelous
If he be tachyd with this inconuenyence Prouer primo.
To dysdayne others counseyll and sentence Eccle. xix.
20 He is vnwyse / for oft a folys counsayle
Tourneth a wyse man to confort and auayle

sig: [e3v]
But specially the read and auysement Prouer primo audiens sapiens sapientior erit / et intelligens gubernacula possidebit.
Of wyse men / discrete / and full of grauyte
Helpeth thyne owne / be thou never so prudent
25 To thy purpose gyuynge strength and audacyte.
One man alone knowys nat all polycye
Thoughe thou haue wysdome cunnynge and scyence
Yet hath another moche more experience

Some cast out wordes in paynted eloquence
30 Thynkynge therby to be reputed wyse
Thoughe they haue neyther wysdome nor science
Suche maner folys them-self do exercyse C. ne inniteris de consti.
A plughe and teame craftely to deuyse
To ere the path that folys erst hath made
35 The trouth vnder glose of suche is hyd and layde

ref.ed: 59
For why / they trust alway to theyr owne mynde
And furour begon whether it be good or yll
As if any other / no wyser read coude fynde
Thus they ensue theyr pryuate folysshe wyll
40 Oft in suche maters wherin they haue no skyll
As dyd Pyrrus whiche began cruell Batayle
Agaynst Orestes refusynge wyse counsayle

But folowyd his owne rasshe mynde without auayle Pyrrhus Epirotarum rex. in boca. de ge. de. lxii. C. lii.
As blynde and obstynat of his intencion
45 Wherfore he was disconfyted in Batayle
Hymselfe slayne / his men put to confusyon
If that the Troyans in theyr abusyon
With false Parys / had confourmed theyr intent
To Helenns counsayle Troy had nat ben brent.

50 For that Priamus his mynde wolde nat aply
To the counseyll of Cassandra Prophetes
The grekys distroyed a great parte of Asy
Hector also by his selfwyllydnes
Was slayne with Peyn for all his doughtynes
55 Of Achylles in open and playne Batayle
For nat folowynge of his faders counsayle

If Hector that day had byddyn within Troy Hector primogenitus priam.
And vnto his fader bene obedient
Perchaunce he sholde haue lyuyd in welth and ioy
60 Longe-tyme after and come to his intent
Where-as his body was with a spere through rent
Of the sayd Achyllys cruell and vnkynde
Alas for suynge his owne selfwyllyd mynde

sig: [e4]
ref.ed: 60
I rede of Nero moche cursed and cruell Nero.
65 Whiche to wyse counsayle hymself wolde nat agre
But in all myschef all other dyd excell
Delytynge hym in synne and crueltye
But howe dyde he ende forsoth in myserye
And at the last as wery of his lyfe
70 Hymselfe he murdred with his owne hand and knyfe

The Bybyll wytnessyth howe the prophete Thoby Thobias.
Gaue his dere sone in chefe commaundement
That if he wolde lyue sure without ieoperdy
He sholde sue the counsayle of men wyse and prudent
75 The story of Roboam is also euydent Roboam iii. regum. xii.
Whiche for nat suynge of counseyll and wysdome Eccle. xlvii.
Lost his Empyre / his scepter and kyngdome

If that it were nat for cawse of breuyte
I coude shewe many of our predecessours
80 Whiche nat folowynge counceyll of men of grauyte
Soone haue decayed from theyr olde honours
I rede of Dukes / Kynges / and Emperours
Whiche dispysynge the counsayle of men of age
Haue after had great sorowe and damage

85 For he suerly whiche is so obstynate Sapienciam et prudenciam stulti despiciunt. prouer. primo.
That onely he trusteth to his owne blyndnes
Thynkynge all wysdome within his dotynge pate
He often endyth in sorowe and dystres
Wherfore let suche theyr cours swyftly addres
90 To drawe our Ploughe / and depe to ere the ground
That by theyr laboure all folys may be founde
ref.ed: 61

¶The Enuoy of Alexander_Barclay the translatour.
O man vnauysed / thy blynd[n]es set asyde blyndnes] blyndes 1509
Knowlege thy owne foly thy statelynes expel
Let nat for thy eleuate mynde nor folysshe pryde.
To order thy dedes by goode and wyse counsel
5 Howbeit thou thynke thy reason doth excel
Al other mennys wyt. yet oft it doth befall.
Anothers is moche surer: and thyn the worst of all.
sig: [e4v]

De incompositis mo[r]ibus.
moribus] motibus 1509
Qui tenet ... candida fata.
sig: [e5]
ref.ed: 62

¶Of disordred and vngoodly maners.
Drawe nere ye folys of lewde condicion
Of yll behauoure gest and countenaunce
Your proude lokys / disdayne and derysyon
Expresseth your inwarde folysshe ignoraunce
5 Nowe wyll I touche your mad mysgouernaunce
Whiche hast to foly / And folysshe company
Treylynge your Babyll in sygne of your foly.
ref.ed: 63
IN this our tyme small is the company Sapientie. xij.
That haue good maners worthy of reuerence Eccle. xx.
10 But many thousandes folowe vylany
Prone to all synne and inconuenyence
Stryuynge who sonest may come to all offence Math. vi.
Of lewde condicions and vnlefulnesse Math. vij.
Blyndnes of yll / and defylyd folysshenesse

15 All myserable men alas haue set theyr mynde
On lothsome maners clene destytute of grace Treno. iiij.
Theyr iyen dymmyd / theyr hertes are so blynde
That heuenly ioy none forceth to purchace
Both yonge and olde procedeth in one trace Esaie. lvi.
20 With ryche and pore without all dyfference Math. xv.
As bonde-men subdued to foly and offence

sig: [e5v]
Some ar busshed theyr bonetes set on syde. Esai. xiij.
Some waue theyr armys and hede to and fro ii. thimo. iij.
Some in no place can stedfastly abyde Sapientie. xij.
25 More wylde and wanton than outher buk or do
Some ar so proude that on fote they can nat go
But get they must with countenaunce vnstable
Shewynge them folys / frayle and varyable

Some chyde that all men do them hate
30 Some gygyll and lawgh without grauyte
Some thynkes / hym-selfe a gentylman o[f] state of] or 1509
Though he a knaue caytyf and bonde churle be
These folys ar so blynde them-self they can nat so
A yonge boy that is nat worthe an onyon
35 With gentry or presthode is felowe and companyon

ref.ed: 64
Brybours and Baylyes that lyue vpon towlynge
Are in the world moche set by nowe-a-dayes
Sergeauntis and Catchpollys that lyue upon powlynge
Courters and caytyfs begynners of frayes
40 Lyue styll encreasynge theyr vnhappy wayes
And a thousande mo of dyuers facultyes
Lyue auauntynge them of theyr enormytees

Within the chirche and euery other place
These folys vse theyr lewde condicions
45 Some starynge some cryeng some haue great solace
In rybawde wordes / some in deuysyons
Some them delyte in scornes and derysons
Some pryde ensueth and some glotony.
Without all norture gyuen to vylany

50 Theyr lyfe is folysshe lothsome and vnstable Iacobi. ij.
Lyght-brayned / theyr herte and mynde is inconstant
Theyr gate and loke proude and abhomynable
They haue nor order as folys ignorant
Chaungyng theyr myndes thryse in one instant
55 Alas this lewdnes and great enormyte
Wyll them nat suffer theyr wretchydnes to se

Thus ar these wretchyd caytyfes fully blynde
All men and wymen that good ar doth them hate
But he that with good maners endueth his mynde ff. de tu. et cu. l. scire.
60 Auoydeth this wrath hatered and debate
His dedes pleaseth both comonty and estate
And namely suche as ar good and laudable Sapientie. vi.
Thynketh his dedes right and commendable

sig: [e6]
ref.ed: 65
As wyse men sayth: both vertue and cunnynge
65 Honoure and worshyp grace and godlynes
Of worthy maners take theyr begynnynge
And fere also asswagyth wantones.
Subduynge the furour of youthes wylfulnes
But shamefastnes trouth constance and probyte
70 Both yonge and olde bryngeth to great dignyte.

These foresayde vertues with charite and peas.
Together assembled stedfast in mannys mynde.
Cawseth his honour and worthynes to encreas.
And his godly lyfe a godly ende shal fynde
75 But these lewde caytyfs which doth theyr myndes blynde
With corrupt maners lyuynge vnhappely:
In shame they lyue and wretchedly they dye.

De lesione amicicię.
Qui facit ... carmine lollo: ... deprauata benigno.
ref.ed: 66

¶Of brekynge and hurtynge of amyte and frendshyp.
sig: f1
¶He that iniustyce vseth and greuaunce
Agaynst all reason lawe and equyte
By vyolent force puttynge to vtteraunce
A symple man full of humylyte
5 Suche by his lewdnes and iniquyte.
Makyth a graue wherin hym-selfe shall lye
And lewdly he dyeth that lyueth cruellye.

ref.ed: 67
A Fole frowarde cruell and vntrewe Sapientie. v.
Is he whiche by his power wrongfully Prouer tercio.
10 His frendes and subiectes laboures to subdewe Eccle. xi.
Without all lawe / but clene by tyranny
Therfore thou Iuge thy erys se thou aply
To right Iustyce and set nat thyne intent
By wrath or malyce to be to vyolent.

15 It is nat lawfull to any excellent
Or myghty man / outher lawyer or estate
By cruelnes to oppresse an innocent
Ne by pryde and malyce Iustyce to violate
The lawe transposynge after a frowarde rate
20 With proude wordes defendynge his offence
God wot oft suche haue symple conscience

O that he cursed is and reprouable Prouer. xi. et. iii.
Whiche day and nyght stodyeth besely
To fynde some meanes false and detestable
25 To put his frende to losse or hurte therby
Our hertes ar fully set on vylany
There ar right fewe of hye or lowe degre
That luste to norysshe trewe loue and amyte

Alas exyled is godly charyte
30 Out of our Royalme we all ar so vnkynde
Our folys settyth gretter felycyte
On golde and goodes than on a faythfull frynde
Awake blynde folys and call vnto your mynde
That though honest ryches be moche commendable
35 Yet to a true frende it is nat comparable

ref.ed: 68
Of all thynges loue is moste profytable
For the right order of lowe and amyte Eccle. xxv.
Is of theyr maners to be agreable Luce. xi.
And one of other haue mercy and pyte
40 Eche doynge for other after theyr degre
And without falshode this frendeshyp to mayntayne
And nat departe for pleasour nor for payne

sig: [f1v]
But alas nowe all people haue dysdayne
On suche frendshyp for to set theyr delyte
45 Amyte we haue exyled out certayne
We lowe oppressyon to sclaunder and bacbyte
Extorcyon hath strength / pyte gone is quyte
Nowe in the worlde suche frendes ar there none
As were in Grece many yeres agone.

50 Who lyst th'ystory of Patroclus to rede Achilles Hectorem hasta trucidauit gratia Patrocli interempti. Actor est bo. in ge. de. liber xii. c. lii
There shall he se playne wryten without fayle
Howe whan Achyllys gaue no force nor hede
Agaynst the Troyans to execute batayle
The sayd Patroclus dyd on the aparayle
55 Of Achylles / and went forth in his steade
Agaynst Hector: but lyghtly he was dede.

But than Achylles seynge this myschaunce.
Befallen his frende whiche was to hym so true.
He hym addressyd shortly to take vengeaunce.
60 And so in Batayle the noble Hector slewe
And his dede cors after his charot drewe.
Upon the grounde traylynge ruthfully behynde
Se howe he auengyd Patroclus his frende.

ref.ed: 69
The hystory also of Orestes dothe expresse Pilades amicus Orestis. Actor est Theodocius vt refert Bo. de ge. deorum. li. xii. ca. xx.
65 Whiche whan agamenon his fader was slayne
By egystus whiche agaynst rightwysnes
The sayde Orestis moder dyd meyntayne
The childe was yonge wherfore it was but vayne
In youth to stryue / but whan he came to age
70 His naturall moder slewe he in a rage

And also Egystus whiche had his fader slayne
Thus toke he vengeaunce of both theyr cruelnes
But yet it grewe to his great care and payne
For sodaynly he fell in a madnesse
75 And euer thought that in his furiousnes
His moder hym sued flamynge full of fyre Va. li. iiii. c. vi.
And euer his deth was redy to conspyre

Orestes troubled with this fereful vysyon
As franatyke and mad wandred many a day
80 Ouer many a countrey londe and regyon
His frende Pylades folowynge hym alway
In payne nor wo he wolde hym nat denay
Tyll he restoryd agayne was to his mynde
Alas what frynde may we fynde nowe so kynde

sig: f2
85 Of dymades what shall I lawde or wryte. Valerius li. iiij. ca. vi.
And Pythias his felawe amyable
Whiche in eche other suche loue had and delyte
That whan Denys a tyrant detestable
And of his men some to hym agreable
90 Wolde one of them haue mordred cruelly
Echone for other offred for to dye

ref.ed: 70
Ualerius wrytyth a story longe and ample
Of Lelius and of worthy Cipio. Cipio amicus Lelij. Val. li. et ca. supradictis
Whiche of trewe loue hath left vs great example
95 For they neuer left in doloure wele nor wo
I rede in th'ystory of Theseus also: De Theseo et Preithoo prolixius narrant Oui. et Lactancius vt refert bo. de. ge. de. li. xi. ca. xxxiii.
Howe he (as the Poetes fables doth tell)
Folowyd his felawe perothus into hell.

And serchynge hym dyd wander and compas
100 Those lothsome flodys and wayes tenebrous
Ferynge no paynes of that dysordred place
Nor obscure mystes or ayres odyous
Tyll at the laste by his wayes cautelous
And Hercules valyaunt dedes of boldnesse
105 He gat Perothus out of that wretchydnesse

Alas where ar suche frendes nowe-a-dayes
Suerly in the worlde none suche can be founde Prouer. xx. Multi homines misericordes vocantur: virum autem fidelem quis inueniet.
All folowe theyr owne profyte and lewde wayes Prouer. xiiii. et xxix.
None vnto other coueytys to be bounde
110 Brekers of frendshyp ynough ar on the grounde Ecclesi. xxxvii.
Whiche set nought by frendshyp so they may haue good
All suche in my shyp shall haue a folys hode

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Ye cruell folys full of ingratitude.
Aryse be asshamyd of your iniquyte
Mollyfy your hertes vnkynde stuberne and rude
Graffynge in them true loue and amyte
5 Consyder this prouerbe of antyquyte
And your vnkyndnes weray ban and curse
For whether thou be of hy or lowe degre
Better is a frende in courte than a peny in purse
sig: [f2v]

De contemptu scripturę.
Si quis ... luce carebunt.
sig: f3
ref.ed: 71

¶Of contempt or dispisynge of holy scripture.
¶He that gyueth his erys or credence
To euery folys talys or talkynge
Thynkynge more wysdome and fruytfull sentence
In theyr vayne talys / than is in the redynge
5 Of bokes whiche shewe vs the way of godly lyuynge
And soulys helth: forsoth suche one is blynde
And in this shyp the anker shall vp wynde.
ref.ed: 72
SUche as dispyseth auncyent scripture
Whiche prouyd is of great auctoryte i. ad. thim. iiii. Luce. xvi.
10 And hath no pleasoure felycyte or cure
Of godly Prophetis whiche wrote of veryte
A fole he is for his moste felycyte
Is to byleue the tales of an olde wyfe
Rather than the doctryne of eternall lyfe

15 The holy Bybyll grounde of trouth and of lawe Disciplinam domini fili mi / ne abijcias. pro. iij.
Is nowe of many abiect and nought set by
Nor godly scripture is nat worth an hawe
But talys ar louyd grounde of rybawdry
And many blynddyd ar so with theyr foly
20 That no scripture thynke they so true nor gode
As is a folysshe yest of Robyn_hode.

sig: [f3v]
He that to scripture wyll not gyue credence Eccle. iii.
Wherin ar the armys of our tuycion Marci. xvi.
And of our fayth foundacion and defence Iohannis. iii.
25 Suche one ensueth nat the condycion
Of man resonable / but by abusyon
Lyuyth as a best of conscyence cruell
As saue this worlde were neyther heuen nor hell

He thynketh that there is no god aboue
30 Nor nobler place than is this wretchyd grounde Psalmo. xii.
Nor goddes power suche neyther fere nor loue
With whom all grace and mercy doth abounde
Whiche whan hym lyst vs wretches may confounde
Alas what auayleth to gyue instruccion
35 To suche lewde folys of this condycion

ref.ed: 73
It nought auayleth vnto them to complayne xl. dis. c. fi.
Of theyr blyndnes / nor enfourme them with vertue
Theyr cursed lyfe wyll by no mean refrayne
Their viciousnes / nor their erroure eschewe
40 But rather stody theyr foly to renewe
Alas what profytis to suche to expresse. expresse] expresses 1509
The heuenly ioy / rewarde of holynesse

Alas what auayleth to suche to declare
The paynes of hell / wo dissolate and derke
45 No wo nor care can cause suche to beware
From their lewde lyfe corrupt and synfull warke
What profyteth sermons of any noble clarke Psalmo. xci.
Or godly lawes taught at any Scolys
For to reherse to these myscheuous folys.

50 What helpeth the Prophetis scripture or doctryne Prouer. xxiii.
Unto these folys obstynate and blynde
Their hertis ar harde / nat wyllynge to enclyne
To theyr preceptis nor rote them in theyr mynde
Nor them byleue as Cristen men vnkynde
55 For if that they consydred heuen or hell
They wolde nat be so cursed and cruell

And certaynly the trouth apereth playne
That these folys thynke in theyr intent
That within hell is neyther car nor payne Prouer. xii.
60 Hete nor colde / woo / nor other punysshement Iuuenalis.
Nor that for synners is ordeyned no turment
Thus these mad folys wandreth euery houre
Without amendement styll in theyr blynde erroure

sig: [f4]
ref.ed: 74
Before thy fete thou mayst beholde and se Luce. xvi.
65 Of our holy fayth the bokys euydent
The olde lawes and newe layde ar before the
Expressynge christes tryumphe right excellent
But for all this set is nat thyne intent
Theyr holy doctryne to plant within thy brest
70 Wherof shold procede ioy and eternall rest

Trowest thou that thy selfe-wyllyd ignoraunce De cog. spi. cum vir.
Of godly lawes and mystycall doctryne
May clense or excuse thy blynde mysgouernaunce
Or lewde erroure / whiche scorne hast to inclyne
75 To theyr preceptis: and from thy synne declyne
Nay nay thy cursed ignoraunce sothly shall
Drowne thy soule in the depe flodes infernall

Therfore let none his cursydnes defende
Nor holy doctryne / nor godly bokes dispyse
80 But rather stody his fawtes to amende
For god is aboue all our dedes to deuyse Eccle. iii.
Whiche shall rewarde them in a ferefull wyse Math. xxi
With mortall wo that euer shall endure Luce. xiii.
Whiche haue dyspysyd his doctryne and scripture

Barclay to the Folys.
¶Out of your slomber folys I rede you ryse.
Scripture dyuyne / to folowe and inbrace
Be nat so bolde it to leue nor dispyse
But you enforce it to get and purchase
5 Remember mannys confort and solace.
Is holy closyd within the boke of lyfe
Who that it foloweth hath a speciall grace
But he that doth nat a wretche is and caytyfe

De improuidis fatuis.
Qui non prius ... erit stultus.
sig: [f4v]
SVnt fatui ... fata gerunt.
ref.ed: 75

¶Of Folys without prouysyon.
sig: [f5]
¶He is a fole forsoth and worse
That to his saddyll wolde lepe on hye
Before or he haue gyrt his horse
For downe he comys with an euyll thee
5 But as great a fole forsoth is he
And to be lawghed to derysyon.
That ought begynneth without prouysyon

ref.ed: 76
OF other folys yet is a moche nomber Prouer. xiiii.
Whom I wolde gladly brynge to intellygence Psalmo. cxviii.
10 To auoyde their blyndnes which sore doth incomber
Theyr mynde and herte for lackynge of science
Suche ar vnware and gyuen to neglygence
Mad and mysmyndyd pryuate of wysdome
Makynge no prouysyon for the tyme to come.

15 If any mysfortune aduersyte or wo
As often hapnyth / to suche a fole doth fall Seneca.
Than sayth he I thought it wolde nat haue be so
But than ouer-late is it agayne to call Eccle. xxxii.
It is nat ynough thou fole to say I shall Callidus videt malum et abscondit se. Pro. xx.
20 For this one daye prouyde me by wysdome
A wyse man seyth peryll longe before it come

sig: [f5v]

He is vnwyse and of prouysyon pore
That nought can se before he haue damage
Whan the stede is stolyn to shyt the stable dore
25 Comys small pleasoure profyte or vauntage
But he that can suche folysshenes asswage Salustius.
Begynnynge by counsayll / and fore prouydence
Is sure to escape all inconuenyence

Whan Adam tastyd the appyll in Paradyse Adam
30 To hym prohybyte by dyuyne commaundement
If he had noted the ende of his interpryse
To Eue he wolde nat haue ben obedyent
Thus he endured right bytter punysshement
For his blynde erroure and inprouydence
35 That all his lynage rue sore for his offence

ref.ed: 77
Hymselfe dryuyn out from Paradyce all bare
With Eue / into this vale of wretchydnes
To get theyr lyuynge with laboure payne and care
And also if Ionathas by errour and blyndnes
40 Had nat receyued the gyftis of falsnes Ionathas. i. machabe. xii.
Unto hym gyuen of Tryphon by abusyon
He sholde haue escapyd great confusyon

If that he before had notyd craftely
His ennemyes gyftis of frawde full and of t[re]ason treason] terason 1509
45 He myght haue sauyd hymselfe from ieoperdy
And all his people by prouydence and reason
Where-as he blynde was as at that season
And to a cyte brought in by a trayne
Where he was murdred and all his people slayne

50 Iulius Cesar the chefe of conquerours Iulius Cesar improuidentia interiit.
Was euer warre and prudent of counsayle
But whan he had obteyned great honours
And drewe to rest as wery of Batayle
Than his vnwarnes causyd hym to wayle
55 For if he had red with good aduysement
The letter whiche to the counselhous was sent

He had nat gyuen his owne iugement
As he dyd by his foly and neglygence
For whiche he murdred was incontynent
60 Without respect had vnto his excellence
Alas se here what inconuenyence
Came to this Emperour hye and excellent
For nat beyng[e] wyse dyscrete and prouydent beynge] beyngo 1509

sig: [f6]
ref.ed: 78
If Nichanor before had noted well Nichanor. primo macha. vii
65 The ende of his dedes he had nat be slayne
By Iudas and the children of Israell
His hande and tunge cut of to his great payne
And than his hede / as the bybyll sheweth playne
Thus may all knowe that wyll therto entende
70 Wherto they come that caryth nat the ende

But he that begynneth by counsayll and wysdome prouer. ii. et xiii
Alway procedynge with good prouysyon
Notynge what is past and what is for to come
Suche folowys godly scripture and monycion
75 In happy wayes without transgressyon
Of goddes lawes / and his commaundement
And often-tymes comys to his intent

Thus it appereth playne and euydent
That wyse prouysyon / profe and good counsayle
80 Are moche laudable / and also excellent
And to mankynde great profyte and auayle.
Where-as those folys haue often cause to wayle
For theyr mysfortune / in sorowe vexed sore
Whiche ought begyn nat prouydyd before

¶The Enuoy of Alexander_Barclay.
¶O man remember thou canste nat abyde
Styll in this lyfe therfore moste specially
For thy last ende thou oughtest to prouyde.
For that prouysion forsoth is most godly
5 And than next after thy mynde thou ought aply
To fle offence / and bewayle thyne olde synne
And in all workes and besynes worldly
What may be the ende marke well or thou begynne

De amore venereo..
Insanos trahimus ... medela iuuat.
sig: [f6v]
QVi tua ... imbre Gomorrę
ref.ed: 79

¶Of disordred loue and veneryous.
sig: g1
¶Here drawe we folys mad togyther bounde
Whom Uenus caught hath in hyr net a snare
Whose blynde hertes this forour doth confounde
Theyr lyfe consumynge in sorowe shame and care
5 Many one she blyndeth alas fewe can beware
Of hyr dartes hedyd with shame and vylany
But he that is wondyd can skant fynde remedy

ref.ed: 80
O Cruell Uenus forsoth who doth insue
Thy flaterynge gylys and proude commaundement Eccle. xi.
10 And hastyth nat the dartis to eschewe Prouer. v.
Of blynde Cupido but folowys his intent Ouidius de remedio amoris
Suche folys endure moche sorowe and turment
Wastynge theyr goodes dishonestynge their name
As past fere of god and sekynge after shame

15 Howe many yllys / what inconuenyence
Howe great vengeaunce / and howe bytter punysshement
Hath god oft takyn for this synne and offence
Howe many Cytees hye and excellent
Hath Uenus lost destroyed / and alto brent
20 What lordes and howe many a great estate
Hath loue lost / murdred / or els brought in debate

sig: [g1v]
The noble Troyans murdred ar and slayne Ob venerem troia crematur.
Theyr Cyte brent / decayde is theyr kyngdome
Theyr kynge pryant by pyrrus dede and slayne priamus trucidatur. tota pene Asia conculcatur.
25 And all this by Parys vnhappy loue is come
Whiche voyde of grace and blynde without wysdome
To fyll his lust / from Grece rubbyd Helayne 'rubbyd'='robbed'
But this one pleasour was grounde of moche payne

Also Marcus a Prynce of the Romayns Marcus_Antonius a Cesare obtruncatur et cleopatra amica sua.
30 Called Antonius by another name
After that he had ouercome the persyans
To Rome retournyd with tryumphe lawde and fame
And there (whiche after was to his great shame)
With cleopatrais loue was take so in blyndnes
35 That he promysyd to make hir empresse

ref.ed: 81
So this blynde louer to fyll his interpryse
Caused his men two hondred shyppes ordayne
And toke the see wenynge in suche fourme and wyse
His lewde desyre: to perfourme and obteyne
40 But shortly after was he ouercome and slayne
Of Cesar: and whan he this purpose vnderstode
He bathed his Corse within his lemmans blode

For two serpentis that venemus were and fell
Were set to the brestis of fayre Cleopatray
45 So this cruell purpose had punysshement cruell
For theyr intendynge theyr countrey to betray
And worthy they were / what man can it denay
Thus it apereth playne by euydence
That of false loue cometh great inconuenyence

50 For he that loueth is voyde of all reason Ouidius epistola. i. Res est soliciti plena timoris amor.
Wandrynge in the worlde without lawe or mesure
In thought and fere sore vexed eche season
And greuous dolours in loue he must endure
No creature hym-selfe may well assure
55 From loues soft dartis: I say none on the grounde Prouer. v.
But mad and folysshe bydes he whiche hath the wounde bydes he] he bydes he 1509

Aye rennynge as franatyke no reason in his mynde
He hath no constaunce nor ease within his herte
His iyen ar blynde / his wyll alwaye inclyned
60 To louys preceptes yet can nat he departe Ouidius secundo methamor.
The Net is stronge / the fole caught can nat starte
The darte is sharpe / who-euer is in the chayne
Can nat his sorowe in vysage hyde nor fayne

sig: g2
ref.ed: 82
Rede howe Phedra hir loue fixed so feruent Phedra calumniatrix ypoliti
65 On ypolitus in prohybyte auowtry.
That whan he wolde nat vnto hir consent
To hir husbonde she accused hym falsly
As if he wolde hir tane by force to vylany
Ipolitus was murdred for this accusement
70 But Phedra for wo hanged hyr-self incontynent

The lewde loue of Phasyphe abhomynable
As poetis sayth) brought hir to hir confusyon Phasiphae vide virgi. eg. vi et enei vi. in prin.
Nero the cruell Tyrant detestable.
His naturall mother knewe by abusyon
75 Uenus and Cupido with their collusyon.
Enflamyd Messalina in suche wyse Messalina. Et lassata viris numquam saciata remansit
That euery nyght hir-selfe she wolde disgyse

And secretly go to the brothelhous
For to fulfyll hir hote concupyssence
80 What shall I wryte the dedes vicious
Of Iulia or / hir cruell offence. Iulia.
What shall I wryte the inconuenyence
Whiche came by Danythys cursed auowtry
Syth that the bybyll it shewyth openly

85 What shall I wryte the greuous forfayture In autem. vt non luxu. contra. na. collosse. vi.
Of Sodom and Gomor syns the Bybyll doth tell
Of their synnes agaynst god and nature
For whiche they sanke a_lyue downe into hell.
Thus it aperith what punysshement cruell.
90 Our lorde hath taken both in the olde lawe and newe
For this synne: whiche sholde vs moue it to eschewe
ref.ed: 83

Alexander_Barklay to the Folys.
¶Ye folys inflamyd with loue inordynate.
Note these examples / drawe from this vyce your mynde
Remember that there is none so great estate
But that false loue hym causeth to be blynde
5 Our folysshe wymen may nat be left behynde
For many of them so folowys in this way
That they sell theyr soules and bodyes to go gay

The graceles galantes / and the aprentyce pore
Though they nought haue / them-selfe they set nought by
10 Without they be acquaynted with some hore
Of westmynster or some other place of rybawdry
Than fall they to murder theft and robery.
For were nat proude clothynge / and also flesshely lust
All the feters and gyues of Englonde shulde rust.

sig: [g2v]
15 Therfore folys a_wake / and be no longer blynde Ut custodiat te a muliere mala etc. Non concupiscat pulchritudinem eius cor tuum prouer. vi.
Consyder that shame / sekenes / and pouertye
Of loue procedeth: and drawe from it your mynde
Suffre not your soules damned and lost to be
By vayne lust and carnall sensualyte
20 For thoughe the small pleasure do make the fayne
The ende oft is worldly wo and myserye
Or amonge the fendes eternall payne

De peccantibus super dei misericordiam.
Quisquis forte ... immensa: fauorque:
sig: g3
Gratia fit ... trudet auernum
ref.ed: 84

¶Of them that synne trustynge vpon the mercy of god.
¶Who that styll synneth without contricion
Trustynge goddes mercy and benygnyte
Bycause he sparyth our transgressyon
And he that thynketh iustice and equyte
5 Is nat in god as well as is petye
Suche is forsoth without discressyon
Syns he thus synneth vpon presumpcion

ref.ed: 85
THe wynde is vp our Nauy is a_flote
A bande of Folys a_borde is come yet more Danielis. iij.
10 Theyr cursed maners and mad I shall nowe note de. pe. quia diuinitatis.
Whose herte for synne is neyther contryte ne sore
Nat mornynge (as they ought to do) therfore xc.iij. dist. dia. de. pe. dis. vij. Nullus.
sig: [g3v]
Without fere styll lyuynge in theyr vyciousnes
No-thynge inclyned to godly holynes

15 They thynke no-thynge on goddes rightwysnes
But grounde them all / on his mercy and pyte
For that he redyer is vnto forgeuenesse Eccle. v. et. cxi.
Unto all people / than them punysshed to se Psal. lxxxv.
Trouth it is that the great enormyte
20 Of the worlde hathe nat aye worthy punysshement
Nor he nat damnyd that doth his synne repent

Put case he gyuyth nat aye lyke iugement
On mannys mysdede / nor yet mundayne offence
And though he be gode meke and pacyent
25 Nor shortly punyssheth our inconuenyence
Put case also he gyue nat aduertence
To all mundayne fawtes synne and fragylyte
Yet none sholde synne in hope of his mercy

But these folys assembled in a companye
30 Sayth eche to other that oft it is laufull
To perseuerant synners lyuynge in iniquyte
To trust in god syns he is mercyfull
What nedeth vs our wyttis for to dull Psal. C.v.
Labourynge our synne and foly to refrayne
35 Syns synne is a thynge naturall and humayne

ref.ed: 86
Than sayth another forsoth thou sayst playne
And also our fore-Faders and progenitours
Before our dayes offendyd haue certayne.
As well as we / in many blynde errours
40 But syns they haue escapyd all paynes and dolours
Of hell; and nowe in heuyn ar certayne
What nede haue we to fere infernall payne.

Than comys in an-other with his dotysshe brayne
By god sayth he I knowe it without fable
45 That heuyn was made neyther for gose nor crane
Nor yet for other bestes vnresonable
Than of the Scripture doth he Chat and bable
Alleggynge our fore-faders whiche haue mysdone
Saynge that no synne is newe in our season

50 A myserable men destytute of reason.
That thus on hope do synne vnhappely Eccle. i.
Remember the synne of our fore-faders done Exodi. xx.
Haue neuer ben left vnpunysshed fynally
sig: [g4]
And that / somtyme / full sharpe and bytterly
55 For-euer more all synne hath had a fall
With sorowe here / or els wo infernall

The synne of Sodom foule and nat natural Sodoma non euasit penam / non rome superbia non Pharaonis amencia.
The Pryde of rome / whiche was so excellent
The offence of Dauyd Prophete and kynge royal
60 The furour of Pharao fyers and violent
Haue nat escaped the rightwyse punysshment
Of god aboue / the celestial and [h]ighe Iustice highe] gighe 1509
Which fyrst / or last punyssheth euery vyce.

ref.ed: 87
Remember Richarde lately kynge of price Exemplum necis richardi tercii anglorum regis.
65 In Englonde raynynge vnrightwisely a whyle.
Howe he ambycion / and gyleful Couetyse
With innocent blode his handes dyd defyle
But howbeit that fortune on hym dyd smyle
Two yere or thre: yet god sende hym punysshment
70 By his true seruant the rede Rose redolent.

Therfore remember that god omnypotent Sapien vi.
Oft suffreth synners in theyr iniquyte Tob. xxi.
Grauntynge them space and tyme of amendement Eccle. ix.
And nat to procede in their enor[m]yte enormyte] enornyte 1509 Luce. x. Luce. x.
75 But those synners that byde in one degre
And in this lyfe their synne wyll nat refrayne
God after punyssheth with infernall payne

As I haue sayde (therfore) I say agayne
Though god be of infynyte pety and mercy Psal. xlvij.
80 His fauour and grace passynge all synne mundayne Sapientie. i.
Yet iustice is with hym eternally. Esaye. i.
Wherfore I aduyse the to note intentifly
Though pyte wolde spare / iustyce wyll nat so
But the here rewarde / els with infernal wo.

Alexander_Barklay to the Folys.
Syghe synners / syghe / for your mysgouernance.
Lament / mourne / and sorowe for your enormyte. Deutro. xxiij.
Away with these Clowdes of mysty ignorance
Syn nat in hope of goddys hyghe petye Eccle. ii.
5 And remember howe ye daily punysshed be
With dyuers dyseases both vncouthe and cruel
And all for your synne / but suche as escapeth fre
And styl lyue in syn / may fere the peynes of helle

De fatuis edificandi incoeptibus.
sig: [g4v]
Qui vult ... insuper ęuo.
ref.ed: 88

¶Of the folisshe begynnynge of great bildynges without sufficient prouision.
sig: [g5]
¶Come nere folys and rede your ignorance
And great losse procedynge of your owne foly
Whiche without gode and discrete purueaunce
Any great werke wyll bylde or edefye.
5 All suche ar folys what man wyll it deny
For he that wyll bylde before he count his cost
Shall seldome well ende / so that is made is lost.
ref.ed: 89
WHo-euer begynneth any worke or dede 'W' of 'WHo' is guide letter in space set for large capital
Of byldynge or of other thynge chargeable xxij. q. ij. faciat
10 And to his costes before taketh no hede
Nor tyme nat countyth to his worke agreable
Suche is a fole and well worthy a babyll
For he that is wyse wyll no-thynge assay Eccle. xxi.
Without he knowe howe he well ende it may

15 The wyse man counteth his cost before alway Theren. xxij.
Or he begyn / and nought wyll take in honde
Wherto his myght or power myght denay
His costes confourmynge to the stynt of his londe
Where-as the fole that nought doth vnderstonde
Begynneth a byldynge without aduysement
But or halfe be done his money clene is spent.

sig: [g5v]
Many haue begon with purpose dilygent
To bylde great houses and pleasaunt mansyons
Them thynkynge to fynysshe after theyr intent
But nede disceyuyd hath theyr opynyons
Their purpose nat worth a cowpyll of onyons
But whan they se that they it ende nat can
They curse the tyme that euer they it began

Of Nabugodosor that worthy man. Nabugodonosor Babilonie rex.
What shall I wryte or the story to the tell
Syth that the Bybyll to the expresse it can
In the fourth chapter of the prophete Danyell Danielis. iii.
Was he nat punysshed in paynes cruell
For his great pryde and his presumpcion
Whiche he toke it in the byldynge of Babylon
ref.ed: 90
His golde and treasoure he spendyd hole theron
Enioynge hym in his Cyte excellent
Right so Nemroth by his inuencion Nemroth. g. x
The towre of Babylon began for this intent
To saue hym / if the worlde agayne were drent
But the hye god consyderynge his blynde rage
His purpose let by confusyon of langage

His towre vnperfyte to his losse and domage
His people punysshed / hym-selfe specyally
Thus it apereth what great disauauntage
On theyr hede falleth that byldeth in foly
Thus he is folysshe that wolde edefy
Any great worke without ryches in excesse Eccle. xxi.
For great byldynges requyreth great rychesse byldynges] byldyngees 1509 Ieremie. xxi. Ieremie. xxi.

But many folys ar in suche a blyndnesse
That hereon nought they set their mynde ne thought
Wherfore to them oft commyth great distresse
And to great pouerty often ar they brought
Laughed to scorne / their purpose cometh to nought
And truely I fynde in bokes wryten playne
That our olde faders haue neuer set theyr brayne

25 On great byldynge / ne yet of them ben fayne:
It longeth to a lorde a Prynce or a Kynge
That lacke no treasoure theyr werkes to mayntayne
To set th[e]yr myndes on excellent buyldynge theyr] thyr 1509 Salustius. Salustius.
Therfore who-so-euer wyll meddle with this thynge
Or any other / before let hym be wyse
That his myght and ryches therto may suffyse.

sig: [g6]
ref.ed: 91
Lyst all men do mocke and scorne his interpryse Seruius . i. eneidos. Satius est rem non incipere quam inceptam relinquere.
For if he ought begyn without prouysyon
And haue nat wherby his byldynge may vp ryse
All that is lost that is made and begon
And better it is sothly in myn intencion
Nought to begyn / and spare laboure and payne
Than to begyn / and than / leue of agayne

Who-euer he be that so doth certayne In aute[m].autem] auten 1509 de non alie. col. ii. autem] auten 1509
He shall haue mockis mengled with his damage
Therfore let suche folys sharpe theyr brayne
And better intende to theyr owne auauntage
Consyderynge that processe of tyme and age
Theyr curyous byldynges shall at the lest confounde Eccle. ii.
And Roufe and wallys make egall with the grounde.

Barklay to the Folys.
30 ¶Ye folys blyndyd with curyosyte
Whiche on great byldynge set so sore your mynde
Remember ye nat that doutles ye shall dye
And your gay byldynges and howses leue behynde
Thynke ye your conforte alway in them to fynde
Or whan ye dye / them hens with you to haue
Nay nay the laste hous gyuen to mankynde
Is the course grounde and walles of his graue.

De potatoribus et edacibus.
paupertatis onus ... dedecns ingens:
sig: [g6v]
Et parit ... experietur amaram
ref.ed: 92

¶Of glotons and dronkardes.
sig: h1
¶That gloton or dronkarde / vyle in goddes sight
Shall hardly escape the weyght of pouertye.
Whiche drynketh and deuoureth both day and nyght
Therin onely settynge all his felycyte
5 His lothsome lust and his bestyalyte
Shall brynge vnto destruccion fynally
His soule / his godes and his wretchyd body

ref.ed: 93
WIthin our nauy he nedes shall haue a place. 'W' of 'WIthin' is guide letter in space set for large capitalCa. crapula de vi. et hone. cle. horatius in epystolis.Ca. crapula de vi. et hone. cle. horatius in epystolis.
Whiche without mesure on lothsome glotony
10 Setteth his pleasure and singuler solace
His stomacke ouerchargynge / vyle and vngodely
And to none other thynge his mynde doth he aply xxxv. dist. sexto die.
Saue depest to drynke / suche force nat of theyr soules Esaye. v.
But laboure in rynsynge pecis cuppis and bowles Eccle. xxxi.

15 The madnes of dronkennes is so immoderate
That greuous sores it ingendreth and sykenes De con. dist. v. ne tales.
It causeth often great foly and debate
With soden deth and carefull heuynes
In thynges no difference putteth dronkennes. Iuuenalis.
20 It febleth the ioyntis and the body within Osee. iiij.
Wastynge the brayne makynge the wyt full thyn

It engendreth in the hede infirmyte
Blyndynge the herte wyt and discression Luce. xxi.
The mynde it demynyssheth / coloure and beaute. xxxv. dist. vi. nolent[i]um.nolentium] nolentum 1509 nolentium] nolentum 1509
25 Causynge all myschef / shame and abusyon
It maketh men mad / and in conclusyon
Causeth them lyue without lawe or measure Prouer. xxiiij.
Suynge after syn defylynge theyr nature xxxv. dist. vent.

The people that are acloyed with this synne.
30 On no-thynge els theyr myndes wyll aply:
Saue to the wyne and ale-stakes to renne
And there as bestes to stryue and drynke auy Prouer. v.
Than ar they outher gyuyn to rybawdry xxxv. dis. luxuriam.
Or els to brawle and fight at euery worde
35 Thus dronkennes is the chefe cause of discorde
ref.ed: 94

But namely dronkennes and wretchyd glotony Resume predictas allegationes.
By their excesse and superfluyte
Engendreth the rote of cursed Lechery
With murder / thefte and great enormyte
40 So bryngeth it many to great aduersyte Ad ephe. v.
And with his furour the worlde so doth it blynde
That many it bryngeth to a shamfull ende

sig: [h1v]
This vyce (alas) good maners doth confounde
And maketh man ouerbesy of langage Horatius in epistulis
45 And hym that in all ryches doth abounde
It ofte in pryson bryngeth and in bondage
It causeth man to his great sorowe and domage
Disclose his secrete and his preuey counsayle
Whiche causeth hym after sore to mourne and wayle

50 Nought is more lothsome / more vycyous nor vyle
Than he that is subdued to this vyce prouer. vltimo.
His lyfe shortynge his body he doth defyle xxx. dist. c. vltimo.
Bereuynge his soule the ioy of Paradyse
Howe many Cytees and lordes of great pryce
55 Hath ben destroyed by dronken glotony
And by his felawe / false loue / or lechery.

The sone of Thomyr had nat ben ouercome
Nor slayne by Cyrus for all his worthynes. Herodotus.
If he hym-selfe had gydyd by wysdome Iustinus li. primo.
60 And the vyce auoydyd of blynde dronkennes
The great Alexander taken with this madnes
With his swerde / whan he was dronken slewe Quintus_curtius Alexander_magnus.
Suche of his frendes as were to hym most trewe

ref.ed: 95
I rede also howe this conquerour myghty
65 Upon a season played at the Chesse Commentator boetij de disci. sco. vbi. infertur de ebrietate.
With one of his knyghtes which wan fynally
Of hym great golde treasoure and rychesse
And hym ouercame / but in a furyousnes
And lade with wyne / this conquerour vp brayde
70 And to his knyght in wrath these wordes sayde

I haue subdued by strength and by wysdome
All the hole worlde / whiche obeyeth to me
And howe hast thou alone me thus ouercome
And anone commaundyd his knyght hanged to be
75 Than sayde the knyght by right and equyte
I may apele. syns ye ar thus cruell
Quod Alexander to whome wylt thou apell

Knowest thou any that is gretter than I
Thou shalt be hanged thou spekest treason playne
80 The knyght sayd sauynge your honour certaynly
I am no traytoure / apele I woll certayne
From dronken Alexander tyll he be sober agayne
His lorde than herynge his desyre sounde to reason
Differryd the iustyce as for that tyme and season

sig: h2
85 And than after whan this furour was gone
His knyght he pardoned repentynge his blyndenes.
And well consydered that he shulde haue mysdone
If he to deth had hym done in that madnesse
Thus it apereth what great unhappynes
90 And blyndnes cometh to many a creature
By wyne or ale taken without measure.

ref.ed: 96
Se here the inconuenyence manyfolde Bissex cred[iti]crediti] credatis 1509 sunt species ebrietatis Est vilis primus. sapiens est alter / opimus. Ternus grande vorat / quartus sua crimina plorat. Quintus luxuriat sextus per omnia iurat. Septimus attendit / octauus singula vendit. Somnia denus amat vndenus turpia clamat. Et cum sit plenus vomit[u]m vomitum] vomitom 1509 facit duodenus. Vel sic. Ebrius atque satur / his ecce modis variatur Hic canit / hic plorat / hic est blasphemus / hic orat / Hic est pacificus hic est nullius amicus Hic saltat letus hic est sermone facetus Hic loqui nescit. hic cespitat iste pigrescit. Hic est clamosus Hic est verbis viciosus. Disputat hic ille currit per computa ville Nunc decium iactat socium feriendoque mactat. Hic seruit veneri / somno vult ipse teneri Hic vomit / hic vorat: sic Bacchi turba laboratcrediti] credatis 1509vomitum] vomitom 1509
95 Comynge of dronkennes as I wrytyn fynde.
Some ar so starynge mad that none can them holde
Rorynge and cryeng as men out of their mynde
Some fyghtynge some chydynge / some to other kynde
Nought lyuynge to them-selfe: and some dotynge Iohnn
100 Beynge dronke thynketh hym as wyse as Salomon

Some sowe dronke / swaloynge mete without mesure
Some mawdelayne dronke / mournynge lowdly and hye
Some beynge dronke no lenger can endure
Without they gyue them to bawdy rybawdry
105 Some swereth armys nayles herte and body.
Terynge our lord worse / than the Iowes hym arayed
Some nought can speke / but harkenyth what is sayd.

Some spende all that they haue and more at wast
With reuell and reuell dasshe fyll the cup Ioohnn
110 Some their thryft lesyth with dyce at one cast
Some slepe as slogardes tyll their thryft be gone
Some shewe theyr owne counsell for kepe can they none
Some ar Ape-dronke full of lawghter and of toyes
Some mery dronke syngynge with wynches and boyes

115 Some spue / some stacker some vtterly ar lame
Lyeng on the grounde without power to ryse
Some bost them of bawdry ferynge of no shame
Some dumme / and some speketh .ix. wordes at thryse
Some charge theyr bely with wyne in suche wyse
120 That theyr legges skant can bere vp the body
Here is a sort to drowne a hole nauy.
ref.ed: 97

Barklaye to the Folys.
¶Alas mad folys howe longe wyll ye procede
In this beestly lyuynge agayst humayne nature
Cease of your Foly: gyue aduertence and hede
That in eche thynge ought to be had measure
5 Wyne ne ale hurteth no maner creature
sig: [h2v]
But sharpeth the wyt if it be take in kynde i. ad thimo. v.
But if it be nat / than I the ensure Eccle. xxxi.
It dulleth the brayne / blyndynge the wyt and mynde Eccle. ij.

Rede all bokes and thou shalt neuer fynde
10 That dronkennes and wysdome may togyther be xxxv. dis. luxuriosa.
For where is dronkennes / there madnes is by kynde
Gydynge the hauer to all enormyte
And where-as is madnes thou shalt neuer se
Reason ne wysdome take theyr abydynge
15 In one instant / wherfore lerne this of me
That dronkennes is mortell enmy to cunnynge.

De inutilibus diuitiis.
Diuitias molles ... pauperis ędes.
sig: h3
Ah vesana ... vota precesque.
ref.ed: 98

¶Of ryches vnprofytable.
Qui obturat aurem suam ad clamorem pauperis ipse clamabit et non exaudietur. Prouer. xxi.
¶Yet fynde I folys of another sorte
Whiche gather and kepe excessyfe ryches
With it denyeng their neyghboures to conforte
Whiche for nede lyueth in payne and wretchydnes
5 Suche one by fortune may fall into distres
And in lyke wyse after come to mysery
And begge of other / whiche shall to hym deny

ref.ed: 99
IT is great foly / and a desyre in vayne Eccle. v.
To loue and worshyp ryches to feruently prouer. x. et. xi.
10 And so great laboure to take in care and payne Luce. xvi.
sig: [h3v]
Fals treasoure to encrease and multyply Prouer. xxij.
But yet no wonder is it sertaynly Tob. xxvij.
Syth he that is ryche hath gretter reuerence Psal. xlviij.
Than he that hath sadnes wysdom and scyence

15 The ryche mannes rewardes stande in best degre
But godly maners we haue set clene asyde
Fewe loueth vertue / but fewer pouertye.
Fals couetyse his braunches spreddeth wyde
Ouer all the worlde / that pety can nat byde
20 Among vs wretches banysshed is kyndnes
Thus lyeth the pore in wo and wretchydnes

Without conforte and without auctoryte Prouer. xxviij.
But he only is nowe reputed wyse Horatius. ij. sermo.
Whiche hath ryches in great store and plente.
25 Suche shall be made a sergeant or Iustyce
And in the Court reputed of moste pryse
He shall be callyd to counseyll in the lawe
Though that his brayne be skarsly worth a strawe

He shall be Mayre baylyfe or constable
30 And he onely promotyd to honoure Ouidius. in. fasto.
His maners onely reputed ar laudable
His dedys praysyd as grettest of valoure Prouer. xxviij.
Men laboure and seke to fall in his fauoure Iuuenalis.
He shall haue loue / echone to hym shall sue
35 For his ryches / but nought for his vertue

ref.ed: 100
Se what rewardes ar gyuen to ryches
Without regarde had to mannys condycyon
A strawe for cunnynge wysdome and holynes
Of ryches is the first and chefe questyon
40 What rentes what londes howe great possessyon Eccle. xiij.
What stuffe of housholde what store of grotz and pens
And after his gode his wordes hath credence.

His wordes ar trouth men gyue to them credence
Thoughe they be falsly fayned and sotell
45 But to the pore none wyll gyue aduertence
Though that his wordes be true as the gospell
Ye let hym swere by heuyn and by hell
By god and his sayntes and all that god made
Yet nought they beleue that of hym is sayde

50 They say that the pore men doth god dispyse Prouer. xix.
Thouhe they nought swere but trouth and veryte
sig: [h4]
And that god punyssheth them in suche wyse
For so dispysynge of his hye maiestye
Kepynge them for their synnes in pouerte
55 And theyr ryche exaltyth by his power and grace
To suche ryches / worldly pleasour and solace

The ryche ar rewarded with gyftis of dyuerse sorte
With Capons and Conyes delycious of sent
But the pore caytyf abydeth without confort
60 Though he moste nede haue: none doth hym present
The fat pygge is baast / the lene cony is brent
He that nought hathe / shall so alway byde pore
But he that ouer-moche hath / yet shall haue more

ref.ed: 101
The wolfe etis the shepe / the great fysshe the small
65 The hare with the houndes vexed ar and frayde
He that hath halfe nedes wyll haue all
The ryche mannes pleasour can nat be denayde
Be the pore wroth / or be he well apayde
Fere causeth hym sende vnto the ryches hous
70 His mete from his owne mouth / if it be delycious

And yet is this ryche caytyf nat content
Though he haue all yet wolde he haue more.
And though this gode can neuer of hym be spent
With nought he departyth to hym that is pore
75 Though he with nede harde vexed were and sore.
O cursyd hunger o mad mynde and delyte. Psal. xxxvi.
To laboure for that whiche neuer shall do profyte

Say couetous caytyfe what doth it the auayle Eccle. iiij.
For to haue all and yet / nat to be content
80 Thou takest nat this sore laboure and trauayle Psal. xxxviij.
To thy pleasoure but to thy great turment Amos. ij.
But loke therof what foloweth consequent Prouer. xi.
Whan thou art dede and past this wretchyd lyfe Math. xix.
Thou leuyst behynde brawlynge debate and stryfe

85 To many one ryches is moche necessary Marci. x.
Whiche can it order right as it ought to be
But vnto other is it vtterly contrary
Whiche therwith disdayneth to socoure pouerte.
Nor them relefe in theyr aduersyte Luce. xij.
90 Suche shall our lorde sore punysshe fynally Thobie. iiij.
And his petycion rightwysly deny

ref.ed: 102

Barklay to the Folys.
sig: [h4v]
¶Ye great estatis and men of dignyte
To whome god in this lyfe hath sent ryches
Haue ye compassion / on paynfull pouertye
And them confort in theyr carefull wretchydnes
5 God hym loueth and shall rewarde doutles
Whiche to the nedy for hym is charitable
With heuenly ioy / whiche treasour is endeles
So shall thy ryches to the be profytable.

De obsequio duorum dominorum.
Ille duos ... pondere molem
sig: [h5]
Otia rara ... omnibus horis.
ref.ed: 103

¶Of hym that togyder wyll serue two maysters.
¶A fole he is and voyde of reason
Whiche with one hounde tendyth to take
Two harys in one instant and season
Rightso is he that wolde vndertake
5 Hym to two lordes a seruaunt to make
For whether / that he be lefe or lothe
The one he shall displease / or els bothe.

ref.ed: 104
A Fole also he is withouten doute
And in his purpose sothly blyndyd sore
10 Whiche doth entende labour or go aboute
To serue god / and also his wretchyd store Math. vi.
sig: [h5v]
Of world[l]y ryches: for as I sayde before worldly] worldy 1509 Luce. vi: Luce. vi:
He that togyder wyll two maysters serue Eccle. iii.
Shall one displease and nat his loue deserue

15 For he that with one hownde wol take also Glo. iij. l. c. de. asses.
Two harys togyther in one instant
For the moste parte doth the both two forgo
And if he one haue: harde it is and skant
And that blynde fole mad and ignorant
20 That draweth thre boltis atons in one bowe
At one marke shall shote to hye or to lowe

Or els to wyde / and shortly for to say
With one or none of them he strykis the marke:
And he that taketh vpon hym nyght or day
25 Laboures dyuers to chargeable of warke.
Or dyuerse offycis: suche wander in the darke
For it is harde to do well as he ought
To hym that on dyuerse thynges hath his thought xvi. q. i. presbiteros.

With great thoughtes he troubleth sore his brayne Glo. in c. accusatus de her. liber vi.
30 His mynde vnstable / his wyt alway wandrynge:
Nowe here nowe there his body labours in payne
And in no place of stedfast abydynge. C deuers. de Cle. cor.
Nowe workynge now musynge now rennynge now rydynge
Now on see nowe on londe / than to se agayne
35 Somtyme to Fraunce / and nowe to Flaunders or Spayne

ref.ed: 105
Thus is it paynfull and no-thynge profytable
On many labours a man to set his mynde
For nouther his wyt nor body can be stable
Whiche wyll his body to dyuers chargis bynde
40 Whyle one goth forwarde the other bydes behynde
Therfore I the counseyll for thyne owne behoue
Let go this worlde and serue thy lorde aboue

He that his mynde settyth god truly to serue
And his sayntes: this worlde settynge at nought
45 Shall for rewarde euerlastynge ioy deserue
But in this worlde / he that settyth his thought
All men to please / and in fauour to be brought
Must lout and lurke / flater / lawde / and lye: Eccle. v.
And cloke a knauys counseyll / though it fals be

50 If any do hym wronge or iniury C. cum singula de preben. li. vi.
He must it suffer and pacyently endure
A dowble tunge with wordes lyke hony
sig: [h6]
And of his offycis if he wyll be sure xxxix. di. c. i.
He must be sober and colde of his langage
55 More to a knaue / than to one of hye lynage

Oft must he stoupe his bonet in his honde
His maysters backe he must oft shrape and clawe Iacobi. i.
His breste anoyntynge / his mynde to vnderstonde
But be it gode or bad therafter must he drawe
60 Without he can Iest he is nat worth a strawe.
But in the meane-tyme beware that he none checke
For than layth malyce a mylstone in his necke

ref.ed: 106
He that in court wyll loue and fauour haue
A fole must hym fayne / if he were none afore
65 And be as felowe to euery boy and knaue
And to please his lorde he must styll laboure sore C. quia in tantum de prebendis et dignita.
His manyfolde charge maketh hym coueyt more
That he had leuer serue a man in myserye
Than serue his maker in tranquylyte

70 But yet whan he hath done his dylygence
His lorde to serue as I before haue sayde
For one small faute or neglygent offence
Suche a displeasoure agaynst hym may be layde
That out is he cast bare and vnpuruayde.
75 Whether he be gentyll / yeman grome or page
Thus wordly seruyce is no sure herytage

Wherfore I may proue by these examples playne xxi. q. i. clericum.
That it is better more godly and plesant
To leue this mondayne casualte and payne
80 And to thy maker one god to be seruaunt
Whiche whyle thou lyuest shall nat let the want Eccle. ix.
That thou desyrest iustly / for thy syruyce
And than after gyue the / the ioyes of Paradyse

Barklay to the Folys.
¶Alas man aryse out of Idolatry.
Worshyp nat thy ryches nor thy vayne treasoure
Ne this wretchyd worlde full of mysery.
But lawde thy maker and thy sauyour
5 With fere / mekenes / fayth / glory / and honoure
Let thy treasoure onely in his seruyce be
And here be content with symple behauoure
Hauynge in this lorde trust and felycyte
sig: [h6v]

De nimia ga[r]rulitate.
garrulitate] gatrulitate 1509
Qui linguam ... lingua docet.
sig: i1
ref.ed: 107

¶Of to moche spekynge or bablynge.
¶He that his tunge can temper and refrayne Qui custodit os suum et linguam suam custodit ab a[n]gustiis animam suam. prouer. xxi.
And asswage the foly of hasty langage
Shall kepe his mynde from trowble / sadnes and payne
And fynde therby great ease and auauntage
5 Where-as a hasty speker falleth in great domage
Peryll and losse / in lyke wyse as the pye
Betrays hir byrdes by hir chatrynge and crye.

ref.ed: 108
YE blaberynge folys superflue of langage 'Y' of 'YE' is guide letter in space set for large capital
Come to our shyp our ankers ar in wayde
10 By right and lawe [y]e maye chalange a stage ye] ve 1509
To you of Barklay it shall nat be denayde Proue. xxx. et. x
Howe-be-it the charge Pynson hathe on me layde Psal. cxxxix.
With many folys our Nauy not to charge. Eccle. ix.
Yet ye of dewty shall haue a sympyll barge Iacobi. iij.

15 Of this sorte thousandes ar withouten fayle
That haue delyte in wordes voyde and vayne
On men nat fawty somtyme vsynge to rayle
On folysshe wordes settynge theyr herte and brayne
They often touche to theyr owne shame and payne Eccle. v.
Suche thynges to whiche none wyll theyr mynde aply
(Saue suche folys) to theyr shame and enuy

sig: [i1v]
Say besy fole art thou nat well worthy
To haue enuy / and that echone sholde the hate
25 Whan by thy wordes soundynge to great foly
Thou sore labrest to engender debate
Some renneth fast thynkynge to come to late
To gyue his counsell whan he seeth men in doute
And lyghtly his folysshe bolt shall be shot out

30 Is it nat better for one his tunge to kepe
Where-as he myght (perchaunce) with honestee Prouer. xxij.
Than wordes to speke whiche make hym after wepe
For great losse folowynge wo and aduersyte
A worde ones spokyn reuoked can nat be Digito compesce labellum persius et iuuenalis.
35 Therfore thy fynger lay before thy lypes
For a wyse mannys tunge / without aduysement trypes

ref.ed: 109
He that wyll answere of his owne folysshe brayne
Before that any requyreth his counsayle
Shewith hym-selfe and his hasty foly playne Iob. xv.
40 Wherby men knowe his wordes of none auayle Prouer. xviij.
Some haue delyted in mad blaborynge and frayle
Whiche after haue suffred bytter punysshement
For their wordes / spoken without aduysement

Say what precedeth of this mad outrage
45 But great mysfortune / wo and vnhappynesse Hiere. xviij.
But for all theyr chattynge and plenty of langage Osee. vij.
Whan to the preste they come them to confesse
To shewe theyr lewde lyfe theyr synne and wretchydnes
Whan they sholde speke / and to this poynt ar come
50 Theyr tunges ar loste and there they syt as domme

Many haue ben whiche sholde haue be counted wyse
Sad and discrete / and right well sene in scyence
But all they haue defyled with this one vyse
Of moche spekynge: o cursyd synne and offence
55 Pyte it is that so great inconuenience
So great shame / contempt rebuke and vylany
Sholde by one small member c[o]me to the hole body come] came 1509

Let suche take example by the chatrynge pye. Pica.
Whiche doth hyr nest and byrdes also betraye
60 By hyr grete chatterynge / clamoure dyn and crye
Ryght so these folys theyr owne foly bewraye.
But touchynge wymen of them I wyll nought say Occupatio color retoricus.
They can nat speke / but ar as coy and styll
As the horle-wynde or clapper of a mylle

sig: i2
ref.ed: 110
65 But that man or woman or any creature
That lytell speketh or els kepeth sylence Eccle. v.
Ar euer of them-selfe moste stedfast and sure
Without enuy / hatred or malyuolence.
Where-as to suche comys moche inconuenyence Prouer. xxv.
70 Sorowe vpon sorowe / malyce and dysdayne
Whiche wyll no-tyme / his speche nor tunge refrayne Eccle. iij.

Fayre speche is pleasaunt if it be moderate
And spoken in season / conuenyente and dewe
To kepe scylence / to pore man or estate
75 Is a great grace / and synguler vertue
Langage is lawdable whan it is god and true
A wyse man or he speke wyll be wyse and ware
What (to whome) why (howe) whan and whare

Barklaye to the Folys.
Ye bablynge brybours / endeuer you to amende
Mytygat by mesure / your prowde hasty langage
Kepe well your tunges so / shall ye kepe your frende
For hasty speche ingendreth great damage
5 Whan a worde is nat sayd / the byrde is in the cage
Also the hous is surest whan the dorys be barryde
So whan thy worde is spokyn and out at large
Thou arte nat mayster / but he that hath it harde

If thou take hede and set therto thy brayne
10 In this world thou shalt fynde thynges thre
Whiche ones past / can nat be callyd agayne.
The firste is (tyme lost) by mannes symplycyte
The seconde (youth) reuoked can nat be
The thyrde (a worde spoken) it gooth out in the wynde
15 And yet is the fourth / that is (virginyte)
My forgetfull mynde / had lefte it nere behynde

Inuenire rem alienam et non reddere
Inueniens aliquid ... reperta suis
sig: [i2v]
Et tenebris ... corda malis.
ref.ed: 111

¶Of them that correct other and yet them-selfe do nought andsynne worse than they whom / they so correct.
¶He lacketh reason and vnderstandynge to Qui relinquunt iter rectum et ambulant per vias tenebrosas. pro. ij.
Whiche to a towne or Cyte knoweth the way
And shewyth other howe they may thether go
5 Hym-selfe wandrynge aboute from day to day
In myre and fen / though his iourney thether lay Ne delecteris in semitis impiorum. etc. pro. iiij.
So he is mad whiche to other doth preche and tell
The waye to heuyn / and hym-selfe goth to hell.

sig: i3

ref.ed: 112
NOwe to our Nauy / a sorte maketh asaute xl. dis. c. i. iusti quod cum eo ceterum glo. in. c. ea que de sta regu.
10 Of folys blynde / mad Iugys and Iniust
Whiche lyghtly noteth another mannes faute.
Chastynge that synne / whiche theyr owne mynde doth rust
By longe abydynge / and increas of carnall lust
They cloke their owne vyce synne and enormyte
15 Other blamynge and chastynge with moche cruelte

They mocke and mowe at anothers small offence iii. q. vii. iudicet. etc. in grauibus.
And redy ar a faute in them to fynde
But of theyr owne foly and inconuenyence
They se no-thynge / for fully ar they blynde
20 Nat notynge the vyce rotyd in theyr owne mynde Via impiorum tenebrosa nesciunt vbi corruant prouer. iiij.
Theyr greuous woundes and secrete malady
For theyr owne yll they seke no remedy

The hande whiche men vnto a Crosse do nayle
Shewyth the waye ofte to a man wandrynge
25 Whiche by the same his right way can nat fayle
But yet the hande is there styll abydynge iij. q. vii. tria.
So do these folys lewde of theyr owne lyuynge
To other men shewe mean and way to wynne
Eternall ioy themselfe bydynge in synne

sig: [i3v]
30 He sertaynly may well be callyd a sote
Moche vnauysed and his owne ennemy Math. vij.
Whiche in a nothers iye can spye a lytell mote Luce. vi.
And in his owne can nat fele nor espye
A moche stycke / so is he certaynly.
35 Whiche noteth anothers small faute or offence
To his owne great synnes gyuynge none aduertence

ref.ed: 113
Many them-selfe fayne as chaste as was saynt Iohnn Iuuenalis
And many other fayne them meke and innocent
Some other as iust / and wyse as Salomon
40 As holy as Poule / as Iob als pacyent Esaye. ix.
As sad as senecke / and as obedyent
As Abraham / and as martyn vertuous
But yet is theyr lyfe full lewde and vycious

Some lokyth with an aungels countenaunce
45 Wyse sad and sober lyke an heremyte Iuuenalis.
Thus hydynge theyr synne and theyr mysgouernaunce.
Under suche clokys lyke a fals ypocryte
Let suche folys rede what Cicero doth wryte Cicero.
Whiche sayth that none sholde blame any creature
50 For his faut / without his owne lyuynge be sure

Without all spot of synne faut or offence Luce. iiij.
For in lyke fourme as a phesycyan.
By his practyse and cunnynge or scyence xxvi. dis. vna tantum.
55 The sekenes curyth of a nother man
But his owne yll nor dyseas he nat can
Relefe nor hele so doth he that doth blame i. q. i. multi.
Anothers synne: he styll lyuynge in the same

Many ar whiche other can counseyll craftely
60 And shewe the peryll that may come by theyr synne
But them-selfe they counseyll nat: ne remedy.
Nor take no waye wherby they heuyn may wynne
But lye in that vyce that they rotyd ar in
Leuynge the way that gydyth to ioy and rest
65 Their owne sensualyte ensuynge as a beest

ref.ed: 114
Wherfore ye prestis that haue the charge and cure. xliij. dist. sit. rector.
To teche and enfourme the rude comonte.
In goddys lawes groundyd in scripture
And blame all synnes sparynge no degre xxv. dis. prima.
70 Whyle ye rebuke thus theyr enormyte xli. dis. i. necesse
Lyue so that none may cause haue you to blame
And if ye do nat: it is to your great shame

sig: [i4]
For without doute it is great vylany
A man to speke agaynst any offence
75 Wherin he well knowyth hym owne selfe gylty
Within his mynde and secrete conscience
Agaynst hym-selfe suche one gyueth sentence
Howe god ryght iuge / by rightwyse iugement
Shulde hym rewarde with worthy punysshement

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Ye clerkes that on your shulders bere the shelde
Unto you graunted by the vnyuersyte.
Howe dare ye auenture to fyght in cristes felde
Agaynst synne / without ye clere and gyltles be
5 Consyder the Cocke and in hym shall ye se:
A great example / for with his wynges thryse
He betyth hym-selfe to wake his owne bodye
Before he crowe / to cause other wake or ryse.

De eo qui alios animaduertit / et met peccat.
Quisquis iter ... durosque Catones:
sig: [i4v]
Fabritiosque probos: ... sorde probata.
ref.ed: 115

¶Of hym that fyndeth ought of another mannys it nat restorynge to the owner.

sig: [i5]
¶He that ought fyndyth outher by day or nyght
Usynge it as his owne / as thynge gottyn iustly
And thynketh that he so may do by lawe and right
Suche is disceyuyd / and thynketh wrongfully
5 For why the deuyll our goostly ennemy
Doth hym so counseyll and in his erys blowe
Disceyuynge in his bondes / as he doth many mo

ref.ed: 116
THe feruour of ryches and disordred loue xiiij. q. v. si quid iuuenisti.
Whiche many haue / doth me bynde and constrayne.
10 Within my shyp them sharply to reproue
That pen nor hande / them-selfe wyll not refrayne L. cum querebatur
Of couetyse nowe I wyll nat speke agayne C. vnde. vi.
But of them that kepeth by force and by myght
That thynge wherto they haue nat come / by ryght

15 Some fyndeth treasours other mennys good
And in theyr owne vse suche good they occupy.
Whiche of theyr myndes ar so blynde and wode.
And so r[o]ted in theyr errour and foly roted] reted 1509
That oft they say (say) ye and dare byde by
20 That some saynt whome they worshypped haue
Haue sende / them the same theyr honestee to saue

They haue no force nor care / nor they none haue wyll
To whome the ryches so loste dyde apertayne
That fortune hath gyuen they holde fast and kepe styll
25 Neuer hauynge mynde it to restore agayne
Suche folys fere no-thynge euerlastynge payne
Nor note nat / that without true restytucion
It small auayleth to haue made confessyon.

Here me fole with thy immoderate mynde
30 Here me and do thy herte therto aply
If thou by fortune any ryches fynde Augustinus.
Callynge it thyne: thou lyest therin falsly
If thou haue wyt thou canst nat well deny
But that gode nat gyuen / nor gottyn by laboure
35 Can nat be rightwyse: thus mende thy blynde erroure

ref.ed: 117
If thou ought fynde that longeth nat to the
Than is it anothers / the case is clere and playne i. petri. iiij.
Wherfor thou ought of lawe and of dewte Deutro. vii.
Unto the owner it soone to yelde agayne Ange iusti de re diui i[n] fi.
40 But if he be dede / to whome it dyd attayne
Thou ought nat yet to kepe it nere the more.
But to his sectours or heyres it restore

sig: [i5v]
Put case that they also be past and dede
Yet ought thou nat to kepe it styll with the.
45 The lawe commaundyth / and also it is mede.
To gyue it to suche as haue necessyte.
With it releuynge theyr paynfull pouertee
And so shalt thou discharge thy conscyence.
Helpynge the pore / and auoyde great offence

50 But he that others godes tourneth to his owne vse
Spendynge and wastynge that thynge that neuer was his
Suche certaynly his reason doth abuse
And by this meane greuously doth amysse
Wherby he lesyth eternall ioy and blysse
55 His soule drownynge depe within hell flodes
For his myspendynge of other mennys goodes

But to be shorte / and brefe in my sentence
And sothe to saye playne as the mater is xxxij. dist erubescant.
Forsoth I se nat right great difference Hiere. xvii.
60 Bytwene a thefe / and these folys couetys
Both wrongly kepeth that thynge that is nat his
Thynkynge that god doth nat therto aduerte
Whiche notyth thy dedys / thy mynde thought and herte

ref.ed: 118
Wherfore if thou haue a rightwyse conscyence In regula peccatum. li. vi.
65 Thou wylt nought kepe whiche longeth nat to the
The lawe so commaundeth in payne of great offence
For of gode that thou kepest agaynst equyte
Thou shalt make accompt after that thou shalt dye peccatum non dimittitur de regu. iu. li. vi.
To thy great payne in hell for-euer more
70 If thou no restytucion make before.

Here myght I touche executours in this cryme.
Blamynge theyr dedys dysceyte and couetyse
If it were nat for wastynge of my tyme
For mende they wyll nat them in any wyse
75 Nor leue no poyntes of theyr disceytfull gyse
Let them take parte of that whiche I here note.
And be partynge foles in this present bote.

¶The enuoy of Barklay the translatour to the Folys.
¶Ye false executours whome all the worlde repreuys
And ye that fynde mennes goodes or treasoures
I call you as bad as robbers or theuys
For ye by your falshode and manyfolde errours
5 Kepe falsly that thynge whiche is none of yours
sig: [i6]
And wast here the goodes of hym that is past
The soule lyeth in payne / ye take your pleasours.
With his ryches / damnynge your owne soule at the last

De contione sapientię.
Quem sacra ... per orbem.
sig: [i6v]
Cęlestis per ... dogmata tractet.
ref.ed: 119

¶Of the sermon or erudicion of wysdome bothe to wyse men and folys.
¶He that delyteth in godly sapience
And it to obtayne puttyth his besynes
Aboue all folys shall haue preemynence
And in this worlde haue honour and rychesse
5 Or a worthy crowne in heuyns blessydnesse
Or els bothe welthe here / and after ioy and blysse
Where-as a fole of bothe the two shall mysse

ref.ed: 120
Wysdome with voyce replete with grauyte 'W' of 'Wysdome' is guide letter in space set for large capital
Callyth to all people / and sayth o thou mankynde Prouer. i.
10 Howe longe wylt thou lyue in this enormyte persius satyra tercia.
Alas howe longe shalt thou thy wyt haue blynde
Here my preceptis and rote them in thy mynde Valerius. li. i.
Nowe is full tyme and season to clere thy syght:
Harkyn to my wordes / grounde of goodnes and ryght

sig: k1
15 Lerne mortall men / stodyenge day and nyght
To knowe me wysdome / chefe rote of chastyte
My holy doctryne thy herte shall clere and lyght
My tunge shall shewe the ryght and equyte
Chase out thy foly / cause of aduersyte.
20 And seke me wysdome whiche shall endewe thy mynde
With helth and welth wherby thou lyfe shalt fynde

Aryse I say agayne to the mankynde
And seke me wysdome that am well of goodnes Prouer. xiij.
Let nat this worlde thy conscyence farther blynde
25 Nor to synne subdue for loue of false rychesse
Blynde nat thy herte with mondayne wretchednes
I am worth golde and worth all good mundayne:
And to mankynde counselloure souerayne

No maner Iowell is to me lyke certayne
30 Ne so profytable to mortall creature Plautus in amphitrione.
I passe all ryches and cause a man refrayne
His mynde from synne / and of his ende be sure
There is no treasoure nor precious stone so pure
Carbuncle Ruby ne adamond in londe nor see
35 Nor other lapydary comparable to me:

ref.ed: 121
And shortly to speke wysdome is more laudable Prouer. viii.
Than all the worlde or other thynge mundayne eodem capitulo plura vide ad hunc locum spectancia.
There is no treasoure: to wysdome comparable
But it alone is a vertue moste souerayne Melior est acquisitio eius negociatione auri et argenti. prouer. iij.
40 Hauynge nought lyke in valoure nor worth certayne
No fole is so ryche / nor hye of dignyte
But that a wyse man pore is more worthy than he

Wysdome preserueth men in auctoryte Inqui[re]reInquirere] Inquire 1509 prudentiam et arripe illam: et exaltabit te: glorificaberis ab ea cum eam fueris amplexatus etc. corona inclita proteget te: pro. iiij. Inquirere] Inquire 1509
Prynces promotynge by counseyll prouydent
45 By it pore men somtyme / and of lowe degre
Hath had the hole worlde to them obedyent
It gydeth Cytees and countrees excellent
And gouerneth the counseyll of prynce lorde and kynge
Strengthynge the body the herte enlumynynge

50 It gydyth lordes and from bondage doth brynge
Them whome foly hath brought in-to captyuyte
Hir gyftys to mankynde frely offrynge
Gydynge hir discyples from all aduersyte
Wysdome stondynge vpon a stage on hye Prouer. viij.
55 Cryeth to mankynde with lowde voyce in this wyse
I trouth exalte: and vycious men dispyse

sig: [k1v]
Lerne of me wysdome cast out your couetyse
For by my myght craft and wyse prouysicion
Kynges vnto their dygnyte dothe ryse
60 Theyr septers gydynge by my monycion
I gaue them lawes to gyde eche regyon
In welthe defendynge and in prosperyte
Them and theyr royalmes whyle they gyde them by me

ref.ed: 122
All maner nacyons that doth to me inclyne Eccle. xx.
65 I gyde and gouerne by lawe and equyte
In me is right / godly wyt and doctryne
What blynde foly / and howe great aduersyte
Do they auoyde that gyde them-selfe by me
And he that me louyth with worshyp and honour
70 Shall knowe my loue my grace and my fauour

He that me folowyth shall auoyde all dolour
I shall hym folowe promotynge in suche case
That none shall be before hym in valour Prouer. iij.
I godly ryches in my power inbrace
75 Whiche man by me may esely purchase
And he that wyll his way by me addresse
I shall rewarde with heuenly ioy endles

The father of heuen of infynyte goodnesse. Beatus dominus sapientia fundauit terram stabiliuit celos. etc. pro. iij.
Me comprehendyth within his deytee
80 Of hym my firste begynnynge is doutles.
And heuen and erth he create hath by me
And euery creature bothe on londe and se
The heuen imperyall planetis and firmament
God neuer thynge made without my true assent

85 Therfore mankynde set thy mynde and intent
To me wysdome to be subiect and seruaunt be] be be 1509
To my preceptis be thou obedyent
And heuenly ioy thou shalt nat lacke nor want
For doutles they ar mad and ignoraunt
90 And folys blyndyd who-so-euer they be Prouer. primo.
That wyll nat gladly be seruauntes vnto me

ref.ed: 123

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Aryse folys of myndes darke and blynde. Si intrauerit sapientia cor tuum et scientia anime tue placuerit consilium custodiet te et prudencia seruabit te etc. prouer. ii.
Receyue the gyftes of godly sapyence
Here hir preceptis and plant them in your mynde
And rote out the gaffys of your olde offence.
5 Call to your myndes what inconuenyence
Howe sodayne fallys / what sorowe and turment
Hath come to many a myghty lorde and prynce
For nat folowynge of hir commaundement.
sig: k2

Iactatio et confidentia fortunę.
Se fortunatum ... firma manet.
sig: [k2v]
ref.ed: 124

¶Of bostynge or hauynge confydence in fortune.
¶He is a fole whiche settyth confydence
On frayle fortune vncertayne and mutable
5 His mynde exaltynge in pryde and insolence
Bycause that she somtyme is fauorable
As if she wolde so be perdurable
Suche folys oft whan they thynke them most sure
All sodaynly great mysfortune endure

ref.ed: 125
10 AMonge our folys he ought to haue a place
And so he shall for it is resonable
Whiche thynketh hym-selfe greatly in fortunes grace
Bostynge that she to hym is fauorable Augustinus.
As if hyr maner were nat to be mutable Prouer. xxviij.
15 In this vayne hope suche theyr lyfe doth lede Valerius. li. i.
Tyll at the laste theyr hous borne ouer theyr hede Eccle. v.

He shakyth boost and oft doth hym auaunte
Of fortunes fauoure and his prosperyte
Whiche suffreth hym nought of his wyll to wante
20 So that he knoweth nought of aduersyte
Nor mysfortune nor what thynge is pouertee. Esaye. lxv.
O lawles fole / o man blyndyd of mynde
Say what suretye in fortune canst thou fynde

sig: k3
To what ende or vnto what conclusyon
25 Shall fortune frayle vnrightwyse and vnsure
Lede the blynde fole by hyr abusyon.
Howe darest thou the in hir blyndnes assure.
Syns she vnstable is and can nat longe endure
Hir gyftis changith / she is blynde and sodayne
30 Thoughe she firste lawghe hir ende is vncertayne.

Thou shakest boste ofte of hir foly in vayne
For he is most happy whiche can auoyde hir snare
If she exalte some-one vnto welth mundayne Augustinus.
She bryngeth another to payne sorowe and care
35 Whyle one is ladyd to the others backe is bare
Whyle she a begger maketh in good abounde
A lorde or state she throweth to the grounde

ref.ed: 126
But nat withstandynge hir mutabylyte.
Thou bostest thy gode and to moche abundaunce
40 Thou bostest thy welth and thy prosperyte
Thy good auenturs / and plentyfull pleasaunce
Alas blynde fole amende thy ygnoraunce
And in thy welthe to this saynge intende
That fortune euer hath an incertayne ende

45 Fals fortune infect of countenaunce and of face
By hir iyen clowdy / and varyable vysage Seneca in hercule furenti.
Hath many for a whyle taken to hir grace
Whiche after by hir whele vnstable and volage
Hath brought them to wo mysfortune and damage
50 She ruleth pore and riche without difference
Lewdnes exaltynge and damnynge innocence

Thus is that man voyde / of all intellygence
Whome fortune fedyth / with chaunche fortunable
If he therin haue ouer-large confydence
55 And thynke that sure that euer is mutable
That fole is sonne / to the fende abhomynable
That foloweth ryches / and fortune that is blynde
His sauyour lefte / and clene out of mynde

Whan the foule fende / father of vnhappynes
60 Pore man purposyth by falshode to begyle Prouer. xxi.
He sendeth hym welth worldly / and fals ryches
And causeth fortune / a_whyle on hym to smyle
Whiche with hir blyndenes doth mankynde so defyle
That whyle they trust in hir fauour to sore.
65 They damme theyr soules in hell for euermore

sig: [k3v]
ref.ed: 127
By large examples thou eche day mayste se
The chaunge of fortune and the ende vncertayne Prouer. i.
Wherfore to boste the of hyr commodyte Prosperitas stultorum perdet eos.
It is great foly and also thynge in vayne
70 From this lewdnes thy mynde therfore refrayne
And be content with fortune moderate
Nor boste the nat of thy welth or estate

This day thou art ryche and despysest the pore
Yet so may it fall / that for thy lewde lyuynge
75 To_morowe thou beggest thy brede from dore to dore
Therfore remembre that blynde fortune wandrynge
Hath nat in hyr handes power / nor gyd[y]nge gydynge] gydnge 1509
The rewardes of welth / nor of felycyte Iuuenalis.
But god them gydeth by his great maieste

80 And all-thynge chaungeth as is to hym plesaunt
His dedes to wysdome alwaye agreable
Wherfore blynde fole be nat so ignoraunt
To prayse fortune whiche is so varyable
And of rewardes vnsure and chaungeable Resume pro. i. prosperitas etc.
85 But thoughe she smyle trust nat to hir intent
For amonge swete herbes ofte lurkyth the serpent
ref.ed: 128

Barklay to the Folys.
¶Ye folys that haue in fortune confydence:
And boste you of welth and of prosperyte
Leue of your foly / and note by euydence:
Hir cours vnsure: and hir mutabylyte
5 None in this lyfe can byde in one degre
But somtyme hye / than after pore and lowe.
Nowe nought set by / nowe in auctoryte
Nowe full nowe voyde as waters ebbe and flowe

I am remembred that I haue often sene
10 Great worldly ryches ende in pouertye
And many one that hath in fauour ben:
And hye promotyd in welth and dignyte.
Hath sodaynly fallyn into calamyte
Thus is it foly to trust in fortunes grace
15 For whyle the Se floweth and is at Burdews hye
It as fast ebbeth at some other place
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De nimia curiositate mortalium.
Qui curas ... mutare valebit.
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ref.ed: 129

¶Of the ouer-great and chargeable curyosyte of men.
¶Unto mo folys here ordayne I a barge
Whiche medlyth with euery mannys besynes
And nat intendeth to their owne losse and charge
Great payne and wo suche folys oft oppresse
5 And let them lerne with pacyent mekenes
To suffer sorowe for why they shall none lacke
Syns they alone / the hole worlde take on theyr backe

ref.ed: 130
HE that wyll coueyt to bere more than he may
And take on his sholders more than he can sustayne
10 Suche is a fole / his dedys wyll not deny
And with his owne wyll gooth to peryll and payne.
He is vnwyse whiche is ioyous and fayne Persius. i.
To offer his necke to bere that without fere De renun. c. i. in prin. li. vi.
Whiche were ynoughe for dyuers men to bere Therencius

15 That man that taketh vpon his backe alone ad ro. xij.
The heuy weght of the large fyrmament Prouer. xx.
Or any burdeyne whiche maketh hym to grone
Whiche to sustayne his strength is ympotent abhominatio est apud deum pondus et pondus. Eccle. i. et .xiij.
No meruayle is if he fall incontynent
20 And than whan he lowe on the grounde doth lye
He oft repentyth his purpose and foly

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We haue in storyes many examples great
Shewynge the lewde ende of this curyosyte.
I rede of Alexander that dyd often sweate
25 In great peryls to augment his dignyte
He was nat content with europe and asye
Nor all the grounde under the fyrmament
At the last ende / cowde nat his mynde content

As if all the erth were nat suffycyent
30 For his small body by curyouse couetyse
But at the last he must holde hym content
With a small cheste / and graue nat of great pryce.
Thus deth vs shewyth what thynge sholde vs suffyce
And what is the ende of our curyosyte. Eccle. vij.
35 For dethe is lyke to hye and lowde degre

ref.ed: 131
What shall a kynge at his last endynge haue
Of all his realme and infynyte treasoure
Saue onely his towmbe / and the grounde of his graue
But thoughe it be of great pryce and voloure
40 As is conuenyent to his hye honoure.
Yet lytell conforte to his soule shall it gyue Nota augustinum.
But cause of bostynge to them that after lyue

Thus whan man vnto his last ende is come
He nought with hym bereth of his dignytees
45 Wherfore cynicus a man of great wysdome Diogenes.
Lorde grettest of Grece in londes and Cytees Horatius.
Hathe lefte great example vnto all degrees
For his great ryches his herte dyd neuer blynde
But wordly pompe set clene out of his mynde

50 He forced of no castels nor excellent byldynge
Dispysynge charges and besynes worldly
But gaue his mynde to vertue and cunnynge
And namely to the scyence of astronomy
Consyderynge that great rest of mynde and of body
55 With hym abydeth whiche with bolde herte is fayne
To folowe vertue / and leue charges mundayne

He that so doth no weght doth vndertake
Vpon his backe of so great a grauyte
That his small strength must it agayne forsake.
60 Where he that attempteth grettest thynges / and hye: Iuuenalis.
Great weyght of charges and moche dignite
Must lerne to suffer payne thought and vexacion
By his great charges of perturbacion

sig: [k5v]
ref.ed: 132
What auayle is it the worlde to obtayne Prouer. xvii.
65 In one mannys power / and all other to excell Sapientie. v.
To suffer trouble / and vayne charges sustayne Math. xvij.
And at the last his pore soule gooth to hell
There toren and tourmented in paynes cruell
It were moche better to kepe a quyet mynde
70 And after our deth eternall rest to fynde

He that taketh thought for euery besynes:
And caryth for that whiche doth nat apertayne
Nor longe to his charge / he is full of blyndnes
And no houre shall rest / but styll in thought and payne
75 Care for thy owne charges / theron set thy brayne
For he a fole is that caryth or doth intende
For another mannys charge whiche he can nat amende

Therfore lyue in rest after thy degre.
Nor on suche thynges do nat thy mynde aply
80 Whiche ar no-thynge apertaynynge vnto the
If thou so do thou shalt fynde rest therby
Auoyde thou the charge of worldly mysery Sapientie. viij
For godes take no thought great care ne trauayle.
Whiche after deth shall do the none auayle

Barklay to the Folys.
¶Fole clere thy iyen and of thy-selfe beware
Care moste for thy owne besynes and charge
For other mennes take no great thought nor care
If thou thy conscience mayst therof discharge
5 A curyous man that of his tunge is large
Talkynge or carynge of other / his place is best
Hye in the fore-top of our folysshe barge
For in that place is small quyet or rest

Mutuum accipere.
Haud facile ... pauperiemque creant.
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Sępe etiam ... bona perficias.
ref.ed: 133

¶Of them that ar alway borowynge.
¶A man that is besy both euyn and morowe
With rauysshynge clawys and insaciable
Of his frendes and neyghbours to begge and to borow
To the deuourynge wolfe is most lyke or semblable
5 Suche in our shyp shall nat want a babyll
For he that styll borowes shall skant hym quyte or redde
And as a wretche the asse shall hym ouer-tredde

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ref.ed: 134
THat fole that hym-selfe a dettour doth make
To dyuerse men / and is borowynge alway Deutro. xv.
10 Right ponderous charges on hym doth take Prouer. xxii.
Borowynge of one another therwith to pay Psal. xxxvi.
Thoughe he be glad to haue longe terme and day Eccle. iij.
To hym assygned to make his payment
It nought auayleth / for soone the tyme is spent

15 But in the meane-tyme deuourynge vsurye
Spoylyth makynge pore many a borewer Psal. lxxi.
Where they two borewed they promys to pay thre
Their day of payment lenger to defarre.
Thus doth oft borowynge many thousandes marre Prouer. xxviij
20 Yet some get malyce for that gode that they len Luce. vi.
And where they lent twenty gladly taketh ten.

I wyll nat say but that it is mede certayne Et prestiterunt molestiam his qui se adiuuerunt donec [accipiant]accipiant] accipiantur 1509 osculantur manus et cetera. Require eccle. xxix. Et alia bona et conducentia ad hunc locum.accipiant] accipiantur 1509
To lene frely to one that is in nede
And wyll be glade it to content agayne.
25 But he that lenyth to haue rewarde or mede
Or more than he lent / may of hell-payne haue drede
And he that so boroweth gayne can haue none
Therby in this lyfe / but hell whan he is gone

sig: l1
Therfore in this satyre suche wyll I repreue
30 And none that borowe nor lene on amyte
The vsurers: fals cristen men in theyr byleue
Folowe the waren way of theyr iniquyte
Prohybyte by lawe iustyce and equyte
Theyr vnclene hertes / and mynde / vnhappely
35 On lucre settynge / comynge by vsury

ref.ed: 135
They hepe theyr synne in quantyte horryble Eccle. vij. et viij.
Labowrynge that lewde burthen gretter to make
And that sore weght tedyose and terryble
With a great rope vpon theyr shulders take
40 The weyght vp taken all theyr hole ioyntes quake
Thus these caytyfs with this rope and burthyn heuy
Them-selfe hange damnynge theyr soule eternally

A wretchyd man / alas make clere thy reason Eccle. xij.
Remember thoughe god the suffer thus longe-tyme xxiiij. q. iiij.
45 He graunteth that space to amende the in season. Nabuchadonosor.
And nat dayly to encreas thy synne and cryme
Somtyme he punyssheth with infernall abhyme 'abhyme'='abysm'
Shortly for synne / somtyme thoughe one mysdo
He suffreth longe: but yet truste nat therto

50 The longer vnpunysshed / the sorer is the payne
And if thou wylt nat gyue to me credence
Of sodome and Gomor the Bybyll sheweth playne Sodomia.
Howe god rightwysely ponysshed theyr offence Gene. xviij.
And also Solym / towne of great excellence iiij. regum. xvi
55 For vyciousnes god ponysshed bytterly Thobie. xiij.
Whiche sholde vs cause for to lyue rightwysely. Michee. iiij.

The rightwyse god also dyd sore chastyce Exodi. iij.
The Nilicolyans and them vtterly destroy The] Tthe 1509 Iohelis. iij. Iohelis. iij.
For theyr contynuynge in theyr syn and vyce Amos. ix.
60 And theyr lynage longe kepte from welth and ioy
In great trouble whiche dyd theyr hertis noy:
Howe-be-it that they were good and innocent
For theyr fathers faute they suffred punysshement

ref.ed: 136
But to our purpose to retourne agayne. Esaye. i.
65 He that ought boroweth whiche he can nat pay Prouer. xxij.
Of a wolfe rauysshynge foloweth the trayne Thobie. xiij.
But though he all swolowe yet can he by no way
Deuoure the tyme nor the prefyxed day
Wherfore if he than disceyue his credytour
70 He oft hym chastyth with iustyce and rygour

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Ryght in lyke wyse our lorde omnipotent Ezech. xliij.
In this worlde to lyue grauntyth vs tyme and space
Nat styll to synne / but vnto this intent
To leue our vyce / and folowe the way of grace
75 But if we styll contynue in one case
And haue done no good to pay hym at our day
In hell pryson he iustly shall vs lay

Barklay to the Folys.
¶Thou fole mysmyndyd to large of conscyence conscyence] sconscyence 1509
To the I speke that art a lewde dettour
Borowe thou no-thynge / noble grote ne pens. Math. xxij. Reddite ergo que sunt cesaris cesari et que sunt dei deo.
More than thou mayst agayne pay thy credytour
5 Right so endeuer the to pay thy sauyour
His right and dewty / with a glad wyll and fayne
That is true seruyce / with glory and honour Ad Ro. xv. gentes autem super misericordia honora[r]ehonorare] honorate 1509 deum.honorare] honorate 1509
Than shalt thou surely escape infernall payne.

De inutilibus votis et petitionibus.
Qui superos ... viuere sęclis:
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Quem tamen ... pectore fulgens.
ref.ed: 137

¶Of inprofytable and vayne prayers vowes and peticyons.

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That man whose herte vnhappy synne doth blynde ij. Macha. ix. Orabat autem scelestus dominum a quo non esset misericordiam consecuturus de antiacho. e[st].est] e 1509 est] e 1509
And prayth gasynge into the fyrmament
Or he that setteth nat his herte and mynde
Upon his wordes / theyr sentence or intent
5 And he that desyreth thynge nat conuenyent
Suche folys shall nat theyr peticion obtayne
For without the herte the tonge laboureth in vayne

ref.ed: 138
HEre we repreue (reperue) ye and reuyle. Eccle. xviij. pro. v. Ecclesiastes. vii.
A sorte of folys lewde of condicions
10 Whose herte and tunge theyr soules doth defyle Luce. xx. in fi.
By theyr blynde prayers and yll peticions Iohannis. xi.
Suche folowe no techynge nor gode monysyons
For often many of them with tunge doth pray i. ad corinth. xiiij. orabo spiritu orabo et mente psallam spiritu psallam et mente. ad ro. viij. Nam quid oremus. Sicut oporte[t]oportet] oporte 1509 nescimus sed ipse spiritus postulat pro nob. etc.oportet] oporte 1509
Theyr mynde / abstract nat knowynge what they say

15 Man oft desyreth with great affeccion
That thynge of god / whiche thynge if god wolde graunt.
Sholde be at last vnto theyr destruccyon
Examples hereof thou canst nat lacke nor want
The great Medas somtyme kynge tryumphant.
20 Of Phrygye By his owne folysshe desyre
With paynfull hunger / his lyfe-breth dyd expyre

This kynge Mydas of whom I haue you tolde midas rex phrigum.
Of god desyred with prayer dylygent.
That all that he touchyd tourne myght vnto golde
25 His prayer was harde / he obteynyd his intent Ouidius met. xi.
But nat to his welth / but mortall punysshement
For whan he brede or drynke tast or touche sholde
Incontynent was it tourned in-to golde

Thus was his prayer to his owne damage
30 For at the laste he dyed in wo and payne
For no golde coude his sore hunger asswage
Nor his desyre coude he nat call agayne.
Thus his peticion desyred was in vayne:
And where he wenyd great welth to get therby
35 He dyed in shame hunger and mysery.

ref.ed: 139
Some dayly pray with marueylous besynes
Cryeng and syghynge to god omnypotent Prouer. xvij.
For to haue plenty of welth ioy and ryches
And to be made ryche myghty and excellent.
40 O cursyd lyuers / o blynde men of intent
On suche desyres they set theyr mynde and thought Sapien. viij.
Whiche thousandes vnto shamefull ende hath brought

sig: l3
What profyted the myghty edefyces:
Of Lycynus / or lyuelode of excesse:
45 What profyteth the money gotten in vyces
Of riche Crassus / or cresus / great ryches
They all ar dede by theyr vnhappynes
And that lewdely / nat by deth naturall
Theyr blynde desyres chefe rote and cause of all

50 Another whiche is in youthes prosperyte Iuuenalis
For strength and myght often to god doth pray
Some of theyr lyfe to haue prolyxyte
Desyreth god / and here to byde alway
In riches welth / ioy and solempne aray
55 But yet they in glotony take suche custome
That they slea them-selfe longe or theyr day be come

Alas mad fole why prayest thou for age
Syns it so greuous is and ymportable Ad hebre. viij.
Unstable and full of dolour and damage Prouer. xvii.
60 Odyous to youth and intollerable
Say folysshe man whiche art of mynde vnstable
Is it nat great foly to any creature
To pray for that thynge / whiche he can nat endure

ref.ed: 140
Peleus / and Nestor and many other mo
65 As Itackes and laertes /sore haue complayned
For to longe age / euer full of payne and wo Psalmista.
Wherwith theyr bodyes sore haue ben constrayned
And with great sorowes and dyuers often payned:
And to conclude brefly in one sentence
70 Oft to age falleth moche inconuenyence

Yet ar mo folys whiche ought repreued be Horatius in arte.
And they ar suche whiche styll on god doth call Sapien. v.
For great rowmes / offyces and great dignyte Eccle. xi.
No-thynge intendynge to theyr greuous fall
75 For this is dayly sene / and euer shall
That he that coueytys hye to clym aloft
If he hap to fall / his fall can nat be soft

Some other pray for bewty and fayrnes
And that to a cursyd purpose and intent
80 Wherby they lese the heuenly blyssydnes:
Theyr soule subduynge to infernall turment
O ye mad folys of myndes ympotent
Pray your Pater noster with deuoute herte and mynde
For therin is all that is nedefull to mankynde

sig: [l3v]
85 Our sauyour criste whyle he was on this grounde
Amonge vs synners in this vale of mysery
Taught his disciples this prayer whiche doth sounde Pater noster.
Nere to this sentence / nor greatly doth nat vary
(Our father wiche art in heuen) eternally
90 Thy name be halowyd (graunt that to thy kyngdome)
All we thy seruauntis worthely may come

ref.ed: 141
In heuen and erth thy wyll be done alway
And of thy great grace and thy benygnyte
Our dayly brede graunt vnto vs this day
95 Forgyuynge our synnes and our iniquyte:
As we forgyue them that to vs detters be
And to auoyde temptacion thy grace vnto vs len
And vs delyuer from euery yll amen.

Whan thou hast clensyd thy mynde from syn before
100 And sayd this prayer to thy maker deuoutly
Thou nedyst nat of hym to desyre more
Yet mayst thou pray and desyre rightwysly Iuuenalis
For helthe of soule within thy hole body
For stedfast fayth and yll name to eschewe.
105 And chastely to lyue (by his help) in vertue

Thus sholde thou pray thou wretche both day and nyght
With herte and mynde vnto thy creatoure:
And nought by foly to asshe agaynst right 'asshe'='ask'
To hurte or losse to thy frende or neyghboure
110 Nor to thy fo by yll-wyll or rygoure
But if god to thy prayers alway sholde enclyne
Oft sholde come great sorowe to the and to all thyne

¶Th'enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Man clere thy mynde or thou begyn to pray
Els though thy prayer be iust it is but vayne
And kepe togyther thy hurte and tonge alway
Or els doutles thou lesest all thy payne
5 From lewde peticions thy mynde thou ought refrayne
If thou desyre yll to thy fo by malyce
At thy peticion god shall haue dysdayne
For though thou be wrothe god is nat in lyke wyse

De inutili studio.
sig: [l4]
Qui studium ... tempora prima
sig: [l4v]
ref.ed: 142

¶Of vnprofytable stody.
¶He that vayne stody doth haunt or exercyse
And lesyth his tyme / of fruyte voyde and barayne
Resortynge to ryot whiche cunnynge doth dispyse
And that of doctryne (in maner) hath disdayne
5 Suche shall in age of his madnes complayne
And seynge that he lesyth his tyme thus in foly
Let hym come to our folysshe company.

ref.ed: 143
NOwe in this Nauy many them-selfe present
Of this our roy[al]me and from beyo[n]de the see royalme] roylame 1509
10 Whiche in theyr stody or lewde and neglygent.
Lesynge theyr tyme at the vnyuersyte Eccle. xliiij.
Yet count they them-selfe of great auctoryte Ad hebre. v.
With theyr proude hodes on theyr neckes hangynge i. ad thy. iij.
They haue the lawde: but other haue the cunnynge

15 They thynke that they haue all scyence perfytely
Within theyr hertes bostynge them of the same
Though they therto theyr mynde dyd neuer aply
Without the thynge / they ioy them of the name
But suche mad folys to theyr great losse and shame
20 Whyle they sholde norysshe theyr myndes with science Eccle. xxv.
They seke theyr pleasour / gyuen to negly[ge]nce neglygence] neglynce 1509

sig: [l5]
They wander in euery inconuenyence
From strete to strete / from tauerne to tauerne
But namely youth / foloweth all offence xvi. b. i. sic vine
25 No-thynge intendynge the profyte to dyscerne
Nor fruyte of cunnynge wherby they myght gouerne
Them-selfe by reason / but suche thynges they ensue
Wherby they neyther get good maners nor vertue

But he that intendeth to come to the science Seneca epistolaepistola] epistolina 1509 xviij. C. nisi cum pridem de renun.epistola] epistolina 1509
30 And godly wysdome of our elders: certayne.
He must sore stody / for without dilygence
And besy laboure no man can it obtayne
None ought to cesse: though it firste be a payne.
In good perseueraunce getteth great ryches
35 Where no good cometh by sleuthfull ydelnes

ref.ed: 144
But moste I marueyll of other folys blynde
Whiche in dyuers scyencis ar fast laborynge
Both daye and nyght with all theyr herte and mynde
But of gramer knowe they lytyll or no-thynge
40 Whiche is the grounde of all lyberall cunnynge
Yet many ar besy in Logyke and in lawe
Whan all theyr gramer is skarsly worth a strawe

If he haue onys red the olde dotrinall
With his diffuse and vnparfyte breuyte Sulpicius in Alexandrum : est breuis ille nimis: fuscus et ille nimis.
45 He thynketh to haue sene the poyntis of grammer all.
And yet of one errour he maketh two or thre
Precyan or sulpice disdayneth he to se
Thus many whiche say that they theyr grammer can
Ar als great folys as whan they firste began

50 One with his speche rounde tournynge lyke a whyle
Of logyke the knottis doth lows and vndo xxxvii. di[s]dis] di 1509 nonnedis] di 1509
In hande with his sylogysimes / and yet doth he fele
No-thynge what it menyth / nor what longeth therto
Nowe sortes currit: Nowe is in hande plato
55 Another comyth in with bocardo and pheryson
And out goeth agayne a fole in conclusyon

There is nought else but Est and non est Virgilius est et non cuncti monosyllaba nota frequentant etc. His demptis nihil est hominum quod sermo volutet.
Blaberynge and chydynge / as it were beawlys wyfe
They argue nought els but to proue man a beest
60 Homo est Asinus is cause of moche stryfe
Thus passe forth these folys the dayes of theyr lyfe Qualis vita hominum quam duo monosyllaba versant. etc. Virgilius.
In two syllabis / not gyuynge aduertence
To other cunnynge doctryne / nor scyence.

sig: [l5v]
ref.ed: 145
I wyll nat say but that it is expedyent
65 The to knowe of Logyke the chrafte and connynge
For by argument it maketh euydent Eccle. xvi.
Moche obscurenes / somtyme enlumynynge
The mynde: and sharpynge the wyt in many a thynge
But oft yet by it a thynge playne bryght and pure
70 Is made diffuse / vnknowen harde and obscure

It is ynoughe therof to knowe the grounde
And nat therin to wast all thy lyfe holly xxxvi. dist. legimus.
Styll grutchynge lyke vnto the frogges sounde
Or lyke the chaterynge of the folysshe pye
75 If one afferme the other wyll deny
Sophestry nor Logyke with their art talcatyfe
Shewe nat the way vnto the boke of lyfe

With suche folyes tender youth is defylyd
And all theyr dayes on them they set delyte
80 But godly doctryne is from theyr myndes exylyd
Whiche sholde the body and the soule also profyte
They take no layser / pleasur nor respyte
To other scyences / pleasaunt and profytable
But without ende in one thynge chat and bable

85 One rennyth to almayne another vnto fraunce
To parys padway Lumbardy or spayne Eccle. viij. et quantum plus laborauerit ad querendum tanto minus inueniet.
Another to Bonony / Rome or orleance
To cayne / to Tolows / Athenys or Colayne
And at the last retournyth home agayne
90 More ignorant / blynder and gretter folys
Than they were whan they firste went to the scolys

ref.ed: 146
One bostynge the name of a lawer or deuyne xij. q. ij. gloria episcopi glo. in [c].c] e 1509 cum ex. littera de in [in]teinte] te 1509 resti.c] e 1509inte] te 1509
His proude hode hye vpon his stately necke:
Thus muste a gode clerke vnto a foule enclyne
95 Lowt with the body and with obedyence becke
And thoughe it tourne to theyr rebuke and checke
Yet nowe-a-dayes ouer many suche there be. Prouer. xiij.
Whiche in-stede of cunnynge vseth audacyte Cicero in epistolis ad vale. iuri sanctosancto] sanctom 1509 presertim cum his temporibus audacia pro sapientia liceat vti.sancto] sanctom 1509

The hode must answere for the folysshe student
100 Theyr tyme hath ben lost frutles and barayne.
Theyr frendes godes on suche folyes ar spent
To their damage thought hunger and payne:
Thus to conclude: me-thynke it is but vayne
The frendes to labour the dayes of theyr lyue
105 To spare for suche scolers whiche shall neuer thryue

sig: [l6]
¶The great foly / the pryde / and the enormyte Addicio Alexandri_barklay presbyteri. etc.
Of our studentis / and theyr obstynate errour
Causeth me to wryte two sentences or thre
More than I fynde wrytyn in myne actoure
110 The tyme hath ben whan I was conductoure
Of moche foly / whiche nowe my mynde doth greue
Wherfor of this shyp syns I am gouernoure.
I dare be bolde myne owne vyce to repreue

¶Howe-be-it I knowe my wordes shall suche greue
115 As them-selfe knoweth fawty and culpable
But if they be wroth: take they me by the sleue
For they shall bere the hode and I wyll the bable:
But firste ye studentis that ar of mynde vnstable
Ye wasters and getters by nyght in felde or towne
120 Within my Nauy wolde I set you to a cable
If I not fered lyst ye your-selfe wolde drowne

ref.ed: 147
¶Also I fere lyst my shyp sholde synke for syn
If that Cupido and Uenus seruytours
On the vnsure se my shyp entred within
125 Or all the folys promotyd to honours
I none receyue can of hye progenytours
My shyp is nat dressyd for them conuenyent
And to I fere lyst theyr cruell rygours:
Sholde rayse to my shyp some tempest or tourment

¶Th'enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Fy studentis clens your myndes of this cryme
Gyue ones your hertis to parfyte dylygence
Howe longe in Idelnes / wyll ye lese your tyme
In pryde and ryot / with all other offence
5 Alas what profyte get ye by neglygence
But spende your goodes in all iniquyte
And where your frendes thynke / ye labour for scyence:
Ye lese your tyme bryngynge them to pouertee

Leue of suche stody as is vnprofytable
10 Without fruyte outher godly discyplyne
And gyue your myndes to scyences lawdable
Where ye may your herte set and inclyne:
To Arystotyls or Platoys doctryne
And nat alway on logyke or Sophestry
15 I wyll nat say but it is a thynge dyuyne
And moche worth to knowe Phylosophy
sig: [l6v]

Temere loquentes contra deum.
Si deus ... magna modo
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ref.ed: 148

¶Of them that folysshly speke agaynst the workes of god.
¶Here note we fowlys whiche can nat be content
With goddes worke / and ordynaunce dyuyne
Thynkynge theyr owne wyll moche more expedyent
Nat wyllynge theyr myndes to his wyll to enclyne
5 But suche folys often sholde come to ruyne
And wo with sorowe and losse sholde they fynde
If god sholde conforme his workes to theyr mynde

ref.ed: 149
HE is a fole and laboreth in vayne:
Whiche with small brondes of fyre flamynge bryght
10 Entendyth with laboure besynes and payne
Of the shynynge sonne for to encrease the lyght vi. q. i. si omnia.
Suche one assayeth a thynge passynge his myght Eccle. iij. vt supra
And is a fole to set thought or delyte Prouer. xxv.
To mende that thynge whiche god hath made perfyte

15 But yet is he a moche gretter fole truely
Whiche wyll correct that thynge whiche god hath done
And doth nat his herte his wyll and mynde aply
To goddes workes and deuyne prouysyon
Of all other maddest is his condycion
20 And more franty[k]e forsoth I may hym call frantyke] frantyfe 1509
Than they that ar vext with furyes infernall:

sig: [m1v]
(Thou fole) the myght of god omnipotent
In vertue and wysdome so largely doth extende ad romanos. x
His maiesty / and power is so excellent
25 His glorious godhede his workes doth defende
So that no mortall man can them amende Esaie. xl.
Wenest thou mad fole that thou amende cannest ought
That he hath done: whiche made all-thynge of nought

He that hath made the heuen and firmament
30 The londe / the se / and euery other thynge
Is so discrete / so wyse / and prouydent
Before his presence parfytely seynge
All-thynge to come that neuer hath had beynge
His workes and dedys ar so perfyte and ryght
35 That none can increas nor yet decreas his myght

ref.ed: 150
He doth all-thynge dispose moderate and dispence xxxij. dis. erubescant.
Knowynge our mynde / and what is to vs most mete
All-thynge is open and playne in his presence
Our inwarde thought must he nedes knowe and wete
40 And euery fortune is playne before his fete
He hath all-thynge by lawe and order drest
And doth no-thynge but it is for the best

Therfore whether he gyue thunder snowe or rayne
Wynde or wether / tempest or tourment
45 Frost lyghtnynge / fayre wether / outher storme sodayne
Mystes or clowdes / yet man sholde be content Sapientie. i.
And nat with worde nouther inwarde intent
Agaynst god grutche / but euery day and houre
Magnyfye the dedys of god his creatoure

50 It were moche better thou fole that thou were dome Psalmo. c.iij.
Than to cast lewde wordes agaynst thy lorde in vayne Sapientie. xi. et duodecimo.
Thou fole he worketh no-thynge but by wysedome
And yet art thou nat content but dost complayne Eccle. iij.
Thou sekest vengeaunce (for thy synne) and payne
55 In hell for euer / thynkynge thy-selfe so wyse
To teche thy god / and his warke to dispyse

It is nat lawfull for any / hye nor lowe
To be so bolde so blynde or so cruell
Grutchynge wordes agaynst his god to throwe
60 Thughe to theyr pl[ea]sour a thynge nat fortune well pleasour] plaesour 1509 Numeri. xiiij. Numeri. xiiij.
Take example by the children of Israell Iosue. ix.
Whiche oft for this synne suffred great payne and wo i. corinth. x.
Slayne and distroyed / so haue ben many mo

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ref.ed: 151
65 Many a lewde body without wysdome or rede
Grutche in theyr myndes / and openly do blame
Almygh[t]y god / whan theyr children ar dede Almyghty] Almyghy 1509
Where rather they ought to enioye of the same
For it myght fortune that great rebuke and shame
70 Myght to theyr frendes haue come by theyr synne and cryme
Soone after: if they had nat dyed at that tyme

Wherfore this one clause is my conclusyon
That god our maker is wyse and prouydent
Blame nat his workes by thyne abusyon
75 For all that he doth is for the best intent
But if that god sholde alwaye assent
To our desyres and euer perfourme our wyll
Our owne requestis sholde tourne vs to great yll

Alexander_Barklay to the Folys.
¶O ye mad myndes that no-thynge vnderstonde
O man presumptuous and vnobedyent Nolite loqui aduersus deum iniquitatem. psal. ix.
Howe darest thou be so bolde to take on honde
To repreue the workes of god omnipotent
5 Wylt thou hym teche / as more wyse and prouydent
Than he is (whiche made all-thynge of nought)
Leue of this thy foly / and holde thy-selfe content
For thou art a fole to set theron thy thought

Qui alios iudicat.
Se iustum ... posse diu.
sig: [m2v]
Si videt ... esse virum.
ref.ed: 152

¶Of them that gyue iugement on other.
¶Who that reputyth hym-selfe iust and fawtles
Of maners gode / and of lyuynge commendable.
And iugeth other (parchaunce that ar gyltles)
To be of a condicion reprouable
5 Hym-selfe nat notynge / thoughe that he were culpable
He is a fole / and onys shall haue a fall
Syns he wyll other iuge / hym-selfe yet worst of all.

ref.ed: 153
MAny fallyth in great peryll and damage Math[ei]. Mathei.] Math. ei. 1509 vij. oMathei.] Math. ei. 1509
And greuous deth by the vyce of folysshnes Luce. vi. ff.
10 Perseuerantly bydynge in theyr outrage Ad roman. ij. A. Mar. iiij. c. glo. in. c. ea. que de sta. regum. iij. q. vij. iudicet etc.
Theyr soule infect with synne and viciousnes
And though that deth hym alway to them addres
Yet hope they in longe lyfe and prosperyte
And neuer asswageth theyr blynde iniquyte

sig: m3

15 The tyme passeth as water in a ryuere
No mortall man can it reuoke agayne Nec quo preterijt iterum reuocabitur vnda nec quo preteriit hora redire potest.
Dethe with his dartis vnwarely doth apere
It is the ende of euery man certayne
The last of all ferys and ende of worldly payne
20 But thoughe we knowe that we all must haue an ende
We slepe in synne disdaynynge vs to amende Mors est vltimum terribilium philosophus.

Some thynke them gode / iust and excellent
Myghty stronge and worthy / of preemynence:
Charitable / chast / constant and innocent
25 Nat doutynge deth nor other / inconuenyence
But yet ar they wrappyd sore in synne and offence
And in a vayne hope / contynue in suche wyse
That all the worlde (saue them-selfe) they dispyse prouer. xxiiij. et. xxvi.

They take on them the workes of god omnipotent Eccle. x.
30 To iuge the secrete of mannys mynde and thought
And where no sygne is sene playne and euydent
They iuge a man saynge / his lyfe is nought
And if deth one hath vnto his last ende brought
(As mad) they mende nat theyr mysgouernaunce mathei. vij.
35 Nat thynkynge that they ensue must the same daunce. Ad romanos. ij.

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ref.ed: 154
Suche folys fayne causes and often-tymes say: Eccle. xi.
That he that is dede vsed ryot and moche foly
Whiche causyd hym to dye before his day
And that he was feble / or full of malancoly Esaie. xxxviij.
40 Ouer-sad / or prowde / disceytfull and pope-holy
Uiciously lyuynge in couetyse and gyle
Wherfore god suffred hym lyue the shorter whyle

Lo these blynde folys saciat with vyce Sapientie. iij.
Iugeth hym that perchaunce dyd nat amys
45 Whyle he here lyuyd / and is in paradyce
Rewardyd for his workes in endles ioy and blys
Where-as this lewde Iuger / here in this worlde is Eccle. xxi.
Styll lyuynge in synne / suffrynge great payne and wo
And though he thynke hym gode shall neuer come therto

50 He that in synne here lyeth fettered fast
And iugeth the deth of his frende or neyboure
Whiche from this lyfe is departed and past. Eccle. vij.
Let hym beware / for onys come shall the houre
That he must fele dethis dolorouse rygoure.
55 And after that endure infernall punysshement
For iugynge and mysdemynge of people innocent

The terme and day / of deth is moche vnsure Seneca.
The deth is sure / the houre is vncertayne Apocaly. xviij.
Deth is generall to euery creature
60 Theder we must all / be it pleasour or payne
Wherfore wysdome wyll that we shulde refrayne
From folysshe demynge and non[e] deth discus none] nons 1509
After deth god wot howe it shall be with vs

ref.ed: 155
Alas full often a iust man gode and true
65 Of mynde innocent sad sober and sympyll
Passynge his tyme in goodnes and vertue
Is of these folys thought and demyd for yll
And he that is nought / frowarde of dede and wyll
Of these folys blynde frantyke and wode.
70 Without all reason is iugyd to be goode

Wherfore I proue that a blynde fole thou art
To iuge or deme a mannys thought or intent
For onely god knoweth our mynde and hart
Wherto we gree and to what thynge we assent
75 But who that is rightwyse iust / and innocent
And louyth god with honour and with reuerence
Than / may he boldely iuge anothers offence

sig: [m4]

Alexander_barklay to the Folys.
¶Amende you folys: do way these folysshe wayes
Take ye no charge: nat mete for your degre.
And note these wordes: whiche criste our sauyour sayes
Iuge nat another / and thou shalt nat iugyd be
5 It longeth onely to the hye dyuynyte
To iuge our mynde: for he is true iustyce
All-thynge discernynge by right and equyte
No man sholde deme / whyle hym-selfe is in vyce

De pluralitate benefitiorum.
Quisquis cupit ... cumulata ruunt.
sig: [m4v]
Dicite pontifices ... Ioue tartareo.
ref.ed: 156

¶Of pluralitees that is to say of them whiche charge them-selfe with many benefycis.
¶That myller is a fole and here shall haue a barge
And as a mad-man shall fast therin be bounde
Whiche his Asse wyll with so many sackes charge
That the pore beste for payne fallys to the grounde
5 Many in the chirche lyke hym may be founde.
Whiche so many benefycis labour to procure
That their small myght can nat the charge endure.

sig: [m5]
ref.ed: 157
AMonge our folys delytynge them in vyces De prebendis quia intantum etc. de multa de cleri non resi. Quia nonnulli.
Is yet another sorte of the speritualte
10 Whiche them ouerchargeth with dyuers benefyces
And namely suche that lowest ar in degre
Of byrth and cunnynge / of this condycion be
Defylynge goddes rentis and the chirches goode i. ad corinth. xi.
Them-selfe ouer-ladynge / as men frantyke and wode

15 The weght is so great they can it nat endure
Theyr myght is small / theyr cunnynge is moche lesse
Thus this great charge wherof they haue the cure
To infernall Fenn doth this pore Asse oppresse
And to an Asse moste lyke he is doutles
20 Whiche takynge on his backe sackes nyne or tenne. Eccle. xxxiiij.
Destroyeth hym-selfe (them leuynge in the fenne

But though one prebende were to hym suffycient
Or one benefyce his lyuynge myght suffyse
Yet this blynde fole is nat therwith content
25 But labowreth for mo / and alway doth deuyse
Fals meanes to come therto by couetyse
He gapeth with his wyde throte insaciable
And neuer can content his wyll abhomynable

So for the loue of the peny and ryches.
30 He taketh this charge to lyue in welth and eas. C. auaricie de prebendis.
Howe-be-it that fole that hath suche besynes
And dyueres charges fyndeth great disseas
Neyther shall he god / nor yet the worlde pleas xlvij. dis. sicut.
And shall with his burthyns his mynde so vex and comber
35 That halfe his cures / can he nat count nor nomber

ref.ed: 158
These carefull caytyfs / that ar of this same sort
With cures ar ouerchargyd so that of theyr mynde.
Rest haue they none / solace / pleasour nor conforte
Howe-be-it they thynke therby great welth to fynde
40 They gape yet euer / theyr maners lyke the wynde
Theyr lyfe without all terme or sertaynte
If they haue two lyuynges / yet loke they to haue thre

The folys whose hertis vnto this vyce ar bounde
Upon theyr sholders bereth aboute a sacke.
45 Insaciable without botome / outher grounde:
They thynke them nat lade though all be on theyr backe.
The more that they haue (the more they thynke they lacke)
What deuyll can stop theyr throte so large and wyde
Yet many all waste aboute Ryot and pryde

sig: [m5v]
50 But yet is this moche more abhomynable
That asses vntaught without wysdome or scyence
Haue theyr proude myndes moste vnsaciable
Nat commynge to worshyp by vertue nor prudence
Yet counte they them worthy of this excellence
55 Courters become prestis nought knowynge but the dyce
They preste not for god / but for a benefyce

The clerke of the kechyn is a prest become
In full trust to come to promosyon hye
No-thynge by vertue cunnynge nor wysdome
60 But by couetyse / practyse and flatery
The Stepyll and the chirche by this meane stande awry
For some become rather prestis for couetyse.
Than for the loue of god or his seruyce.

ref.ed: 159
Alas oft goddes goodes and cristis herytage
65 Of suche folys is wastyd and spent in vayne
In great folyes mundaynes and outrage
Where it decreed / and ordeyned is certayne. xvi. q. i. c. vlti.
That prestis sholde helpe pore people that lyue in payne xxiii. q. viij. conuenior.
And with suche goodes kepe hospytalyte
70 Whiche pryde ryot and Uenus suffreth nat to be

Thus is the grettest parte of the spiritualte
Pore preste / persone / vicayr / relygyon and prelate
With couetyse acloyde outher prodigalyte
And folys promotyd causyth good clerkis haue hate
75 Say lordes and bysshops with other of estate
What mouyth you so gladly / suche to promote
Whiche haue no cunnynge their wyt skant worth a grote

Wyll ye alway the folysshe asse ouercharge
With suche burthyns wherwith it can nat fare
80 And suffer other to walke and ren at large
And where they best myght bere theyr backes ar left bare
And that is worst of all / suche folys can nat be ware
But whan they ar promotyd after theyr owne entent.
Yet theyr insaciable mynde can neuer be content.

85 Some make exchanges and permutacions
Some take to ferme / and some let out agayne
Other folys for hope make resignacions
And some for one god scosyth gladly twayne 'scosyth'; see OED 'scorse', vb1, sense 1
Some lyueth longe in hunger and in payne
90 And in the somer-day skarsly drynketh twyse
Sparynge monay therwith to by a benefyce

sig: [m6]
ref.ed: 160
Some for no wages in court doth attende
With lorde or knyght / and all for this polecy
To get of his lorde a benefyce at the ende Actuum. viij.
95 And in the meane-tyme ensueth rybawdry i. q. petrus et c. qui studet.
And somtyme laboureth by chraft of symony.
He playeth a fals cast / nat cessynge to coniure
Tyll of some benefyce he at the last be sure

Than if this lorde haue in hym fauoure / he hath hope
100 To haue a nother benefyce of gretter dignyte
And so maketh a fals suggestyon to the pope
For a Tot-quot outher els a pluralyte
Than shall he nat be pleasyd with .ii. nouther thre
But dyuers wyll he haue ay choppynge and changynge
105 So oft a fole hath all and a gode clerke no-thynge

These of nought force so that they may haue gayne
And golde ynough to spende on rybawdry and pryde
They haue the profyte / another hath the payne
The cure of the soulys of them is set asyde
110 And no meruayle / for howe sholde they abyde.
To teche their parysshynges vertue wysdome or grace
Syns no man can be atonys in euery place

Alas these folys our mayster criste betray
Of mannes soule wherof they haue the cure
115 And settynge in their stede syr Iohnn of garnesey
They thynketh them-selfe dischargyd quyte and sure
These folys note nat that euery creature.
Whiche here of soulys doth cure or charge take
At domys-day a compt for them shall make

ref.ed: 161
120 But if I sholde touche all the enormytees
The immoderat couetyse and desyre of dignyte
That nowe is vsed amonge all the degrees
Of benefycyd men ouer all the spiritualte
I fere displeasour / and also I often se
125 That trouth is blamed / and nat ay best to tell
But he that in this lyfe wyll alway besy be
To get dyuers prebendes shall haue the last in hell

¶Th'enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶What meane ye gyders of Christis herytage
Shall ye neuer leue this your deuowrynge mynde Non habemus hic ciuitatem permanentem sed futuram inquirimus.
Shall ye no-tyme your couytyse asswage
Whiche in goddes seruyce your hartis sore doth blynde
5 Let this fals traytour no place amonge you fynde
Graunt hym no row[m]e in churche nor in quere. rowme] rowne 1509
For this is sure ye shall all leue behynde
We haue no Cyte / nor place abydynge here
sig: [m6v]

De eo qui exceptiones querit ad emendandum se.
Qui cantum ... cunctatio vana.
sig: n1
ref.ed: 162

¶Of them that prolonge from day to day to amende themselfe.
¶He that cras cras syngeth with the crowe
Deferrynge the tyme of his amendement
Amonge our folys / in this our shyp shall rowe
For his presumpcion / dull mynde and blynde intent
5 What knowe these folys whether god omnypotent
Wyll graunt them to lyue vntyll another day.
Wherfore we ought to mende vs whyle we may.

ref.ed: 163
IF vnto any almyghty god doth sende
From heuen aboue by inspyracion dyuyne
10 Wyll and gode mynde his synnes to amende Eccle. v.
And with his grace his thoughtes enlumyne Psal. xciiij.
If that synner wyll nat therto enclyne Ad hebreos. iij.
But doth dyffer and dryue frome day to day Luce. xxij.
A fole he is / no wyse man wyll denay

15 Yet many folowe this inconuenience
And knowynge theyr owne vyce / and lyfe full of ordure
The payne therof / and howe euery offence
And synne is punysshed of eche creature
Also they knowe that theyr deth is vnsure
20 And dye they must knowynge no houre nor space
Yet synne they styll / nat receyuynge this grace

sig: [n1v]
They folowe the crowes cry to theyr great sorowe
Cras cras cras to_morowe we shall amende
And if we mende nat than / than shall we the next morowe Eccle. v.
25 Outher shortly after / we shall no more offende
Amende mad fole whan god this grace doth sende
He is vnwyse whiche trustes the crowes songe
And that affermyth that he shall lyue so longe

Syns deth (as I haue sayde) is so vnstable
30 Wherfore we ought alway vs to prouyde
And mende our lyfe and synne abhomynable
For though that thou be hole at the euyn-tyde
Thou knowest nat sure that thou shall here abyde
Untyll the morne but if thou dye in that space
35 It shall be to late for the to cry cras cras

ref.ed: 164
Syns it is in thy power that thou may Prouer. xxvij.
Amende thy-selfe whan god inspyreth the Ouidius.
Why shalt thou tary vnto another day
The longer tary the lesse apt shalt thou be.
40 In olde sores is grettest ieopardye
Whan costome and vse is tourned to nature Consuetudo est altera natura. no. glo. ff. de lib. et posthu. l. si quis super verbo consuetudo. l. ff. quid quisque inte. in alte statue.
It is right harde to leue: I the ensure

Therfore if that thou lewdly fall in syn
By thy frayle flesshe / and the fals fendes trayne
45 Take nat the vse / contynue nat therin
But by confessyon shortly ryse agayne
Synne alway thretenyth vnto the doer / payne
And grutche of conscience with moche thought and wo
Yet alwaye ar we redy and prone therto Esaie. lvi.

50 Mannys lyfe on erth is euyn a chyualry
Agaynst our flesshe fyghtyng whiche often doth vs shame Iob milicia est vita hominis super terram.
Also the deuyll our goostly ennemy
On his parte labours to get vs in his frame
Thus oft we fall / and than our foly blame
55 Repentynge sore / and wyllynge to refrayne Iacobi. iiij.
But within an houre we fall therto agayne

Thus euer to vyce ar we redy and prone
The gyftis of grace we clene from vs exclude
We haue great cause sore to complayne and mone
60 We leue that thynge (our myndes ar so rude)
That myght vs gyde to helth and beatytude
Thus our owne foly / and our owne blynde madnes
Us often ledyth vnto great wretchydnes

sig: n2
ref.ed: 165
And if it fortune / that at any tyme
65 Within our myndes we purpose stedfastly
For to confesse our synne / excesse / or cryme
Agayne our thought is changyd by and by
Away then ren we with the crowys crye
With one cras / to_morowe / perauenture twayne
70 Without regarde had / vnto infernall payne

But in the meane space if that deth vntretable Eccle. x.
Arrest the with his mace / fyers and cruell Math. vi.
And for thy synne and lyfe abhomynable Luce. xij.
By iustyce damme thy soule for-euer to hell
75 Than woldest thou gladly (If thou myght) do well
But there is no grace but doloure payne and sorowe
Than is to late to crye cras cras to_morowe

¶The enuoy of the Actour.
¶Say what delyte / thou fole or what pleasoure Esaie. xxij.
Takest thou in synne and voluptuosyte i. corin. xv.
It is small sothly / and passeth euery houre Prouer. iii.
Lyke to the water / and that in myserye
5 Therfore set nat in synne thy felycyte
This day begyn thy lewde lyfe to refuse
Perchaunce to_morowe sholde be to late to the
So sholde cras the cr[o]wys songe the sore abuse crowys] crwys 1509

De custodia mulierum.
Custodit pulices ... casta thori.
sig: [n2v]
Foemina sed ... rapta foret
ref.ed: 166

¶Of hym that is Ielous ouer his wyfe and watcheth hir wayes without cause / or euydent tokyn of hir myslyuynge.

sig: n3
¶He that his wyfe wyll counterwayte and watche
And feryth of hir lyuynge by his Ielowse intent
Is as great fole / as is that wytles wratche
That wolde kepe flees vnder the son feruent
5 Or in the se cast water / thynkynge it to augment
For thoughe he hir watche lockynge with lockys twayne
But if she kepe hir-selfe his kepynge is but vayne

ref.ed: 167
ORestes was neuer so blynde and mad as is he Eccle. vi.
Whiche for his wyfe taketh thought and charge taketh] taketh / 1509 Numeri. v. Numeri. v.
10 Watchynge hir wayes / thoughe that she gyltles be
This fole styll fereth / if she be out at large
Lyst that some other his harnes sholde ouercharge
But for all his fere and carefull Ielowsy
If she be nought there is no remedy.

15 Thou fole I proue / thy watchynge helpeth nought Eccle. xix.
Thy labour lost is / thou takest this care in vayne
In vayne thou takest this Ielowsy and thought
In vayne thou sleest thy-selfe with care and payne
And of one doute thou fole thou makest twayne
20 And neuer shalt fynde eas nor mery lyuynge
(Whyle thou thus lyuest) but hatered and chydynge

For locke hir fast and all hir lokes marke.
Note all hir steppys / and twynklynge of hir iye. Iuuenalis
Ordeyne thy watchers and dogges for to barke Prouer. xxx.
25 Bar fast thy dores and yet it wyll nat be
Close hir in a Toure with wallys stronge and hye
But yet thou fole thou lesist thy trauayle
For without she wyll no man can kepe hir tayle

And yet more-ouer breche hir with plate and mayle Eccle. xxv.
30 And for all that if she be nought of kynde
She shall disceyue the (If she lyst) without fayle
But if that she be chast of dede and mynde
Hir-selfe shall she kepe / though thou hir neuer bynde Prouer. xij.
Thus they that ar chast of nature / wyll byde so
35 And nought wyll be nought what-so-euer thou do

ref.ed: 168
Thus is it foly and causeth great debate
Bytwene man and wyfe / whan he by Ielowsy.
His wyfe suspectyth / and doth watche or counterwayt
Or hir mysdemyth and kepyth in stratly.
40 Wherfore me-thynke it is best remedy
For hym that gladly wolde escape the hode
Nat to be Ielous: but honest-lyuynge and gode

sig: [n3v]
The toure of bras that callyd was darayne. Ouidius. iiij. methamor.
Coude nat the damsell (by name Danes) defende
45 But that Iupiter fonde a cautell and trayne
In a golden shoure into hir to discende Therencius in eunucho: scena quis me sequitur
And to be short / at conclusyon and ende
This mayde for all this Toure was there defylyd.
And by this lorde was she there brought with childe

50 By this example it apereth euydent
That it is foly a woman to kepe or close
For if she be of lewde mynde or intent
Outher preuy or apert there about she goys
Deuysynge wayes with hir good-man to glose
55 But specially if that he hir suspect
With a hode shall he vnwars be ouerdect

But in the worlde right many other be Penolope apud homerum in odissea et apud ouidium epistola prima Hero.
Whiche neuer folowe this fals and lothly way
We haue example of one Penolope
60 Whiche though that she alone was many a day
Hir husbonde gone / and she vexed alway.
By other louers: yet was she euer trewe
Unto hir olde: and neuer changyd for newe

ref.ed: 169
I fynde that often this folysshe Ielowsy
65 Of men: causyth some women to mysdo
Where-as (were nat theyr husbondes blynde foly)
The pore wymen knowe nat what longyd therto
Wherfore suche men ar folys and mad also
And with theyr hodes whiche they them-selfe purchace
70 Within my shyp shall haue a rowme and place

For where-as perchaunce theyr wyfes ar chaste and goode
By mannys vnkyndnes they chaunge and turne theyr herte
So that the wyfe must nedes gyue them a hode
But to be playne some wymen ar esy to conuert
75 For if one take them where they can nat start.
What for theyr husbondes folysshe Ielowsy
And theyr owne pleasour: they scars can ought deny

¶The enuoy of the Actour.
¶Therfore ye wymen lyue wysly and eschewe Ecclesi. xxvi.
These wanton wowers and suche wylde company Seneca in declama.
Get you gode name by sadnes and vertue
Haunt no olde quenys that nourysshe rybawdry
5 Than fere ye nat your husbondes Ielowsy
If ye be fawtles / chaste and innocent
But wanton wowers ar ful of flatery
Euer whan they labour for their intent.

sig: [n4]
¶Be meke / demure / bocsome / and obedyent /
10 Gyue none occasyon to men by your foly
If one ought asshe / deny it incontynent 'asshe'='ask'
And euer after auoyde his company
ref.ed: 170
Beware of cornes / do nat your erys aply Helena rapitur per parid[em] paridem] parida 1509 vnde ouidius epistolis.paridem] parida 1509
To pleasaunt wordes nor letters eloquent
15 If that Helena had so done certaynly
She had nat ben rauysshed by handes violent

De adulterio.
Est fatuus ... contaminata viro.
sig: [n4v]
Collatinus enim ... paxque frequens.
ref.ed: 171

¶Of auoutry / and specially of them that ar bawdes to theyr wyues / knowynge and wyll nat knowe / but kepe counseyll / for couetyse / and gaynes or auauntage.
¶A fole blynde / forsoth and wytles is that man
Whiche thoughe his wyfe openly defylyd be
Before his owne face / yet suche a chrafte he can
To fayne hym a_slepe / nat wyllynge it to se
5 Or els he layeth his hande before his iye
And thoughe he here and se howe the mater gose
He snortynge slepyth / and wyll it nat disclose.

sig: [n5]
ref.ed: 172
O What disorder / what shame and what domage
Is nowe brought in / and right lykely to abyde
10 In the sacrament of holy mariage
The fere of payne and lawe is set asyde
Faythe is clene lost / and fewe them-selfe do gyde
After theyr othe / but for lacke of punysshement. ff ad. l. in li de adulterio.
They brake and despyse this dyuyne sacrament

15 Alas the lawe that Iulius dyd ordeyne
Agaynst auoutry: is nowe a_slepe or dede
None feryth iustyce punysshement nor payne
Both man and woman ar past all fere and drede
Theyr promes brekynge / without respect or hede
20 Had to theyr othe / by mariage solemnysed
The bed defylyd. the sacrament despysed

Many ar whiche thynke it is a thyn[g]e laudable thynge] thynke 1509 Iuuenalis vi. satyra. Iuuenalis vi. satyra.
Anothers spo[u]se to pullute and dyffame
And howe-beit the synne is moche abhomynable
25 They fere nat god / nor dout nat worldly shame Leui. xx.
But rather boldly they bost them of the same deutro. xxij.
They note no-thynge the mortall punysshement
Taken on auoutrers in the olde testament

Yet is another thynge more lothsome and vyle
30 That many husbondes knowynge theyr wyues syn
Absent themselfe and stop theyr iyen the whyle
Kepynge the dore whyle the auoutrer is within Iuuenalis
They forse no-thynge so they may money wyn
Lyuynge as bawdes / and that to theyr owne wyues C. quemadmodum de in iu. Prouer. xviij. de adul. et stu.
O cursyd money / this madnes thou contryuys

ref.ed: 173
O cursyd husbonde thou ought to be asshamyd
To set so great fors for syluer or for golde
That thou for them thy wyfe wyll se diffamyd C. si vir extra. xxxij. q. v. c. Si quis vxorem quia patronus est turpitudinis etc. vt supra xxxij. q. i. c. i. et iureiuran. quemadmodum: et de adul. lij. Seneca in. ethimologiis ff. ad l. Iuli. de adul. l. stupor. xxij. q. ve
40 And helpe therto: ye: and the dede beholde
Blame it blynde dryuyll: by the lawe so thou sholde
And nat therat to gyggyll laghe and Iest
It is a lewde byrde that fyleth his owne nest

The Hystory of Atreus expressyth playne
45 Howe he (by his owne brother) for auoutry
Was dryuen from his royalme and his childre slayne
For his mysdede: without: let or remedy
These children thus bought theyr faders mad foly
What shall I wryte the wo and heuynes
50 Whiche Tarquyn had for rauysshynge lucres lucrecia: Tarquinus expulsus.

sig: [n5v]
I rede in the hystory of one Virginius Clodius al. pius
Whiche to th'yntent this foule synne to eschewe
Whan his doughter was desyred by Clodius
And that by force: the fader his dowghter slewe
55 Bytwene the handes of Clodius vntrue
The fader answered (whan men his dede dyd blame)
Better is to dye chast: than longe to lyue in shame

But of auoutry somwhat more to speke Ah venus ad nutum trahis omnia tu fera: tu ceca: tu ceci ianua leti. corpora tu maculos: animas in tartara mergis.
In it is yre / Enuy and paynfull pouertye.
60 And also he or she that mariage doth breke
May fere of deth eternall whan they dye
And here without welth ioy and rest shall they be
And well ar they worthy (forsoth) of sore tourment
In hell: for brekynge this holy sacrament

ref.ed: 174
65 But in the meane-tyme here shalt thou haue discorde
And neuer prosper in vertue nor ryches
And lothsome be before the almyghty lorde lothsome be] be lothsome be 1509
Thy dedes shall purchace mysfortune and distres
Thou lyue shalt in shame and dye in wretchydnes
70 And if thou procede therin and nat amende
Some great shame shalt thou haue before thyne ende.

¶The enuoy of the Actour.
¶O creatures vnkynde leue ye this outrage C. de adulteriis gracchus.
Breke nat your othe whiche ye made solemly
Eche one to other for to lyue in mariage
Defyle ye it nat by synne and vylany
5 On both partis if ye lyue faythfully
After your promes: in loue / fayth and concorde Prouer. vi.
Than shall ye in erth encreas and multyply
And after haue syght of the almyghty lorde

¶Let all spousys in theyr myndes comprehende
10 The lawys and decrees of the olde testament
Howe they that in auoutry dyd offende
Were outher stonyd or els openly brent
Wherfore syns goddes son omnypotent.
Confermed hath the olde testament with the newe
15 Auoutrers nowe deserue that same punysshement
But well is to them / that stedfast ar and trewe
sig: [n6]

Semper fatuus.
Est qui contendit ... ante manet.
sig: [n6v]
ref.ed: 175

¶Of hym that nought can and nought wyll lerne / and seyth moche / lytell berynge away / I mene nat theuys.
¶He is a fole / and so shall he dye and lyue
That thynketh hym wyse / and yet can he no-thynge
And though he myght he wyll nat set nor gyue
His mynde to good maners / vertue nor cunnynge.
5 So is he a fole that doth to market brynge
His Gese fast bounde / and game or sporte to se
Lowsyth theyr fete / and suffreth them to fle

ref.ed: 176
SAynt George to borowe our Nauy is aflote Prouer. xv. et. xxvi.
Forth shall we sayle / thoughe that it be a payne
10 And moche laboure to forge a pryuate bote Horatius in epist.
For euery faute: yet shall I nat refrayne
My hande nor penne: thoughe vnsure be my gayne
My laboure sure: my wyt and reason thynne Therencius
Than leue a thynge vnendyd better nat begynne

15 But in this place shall I a Shyp ordayne
For that fole: that heryth great doctryne Seruius. i. e[n]eydos. vt supra.
Wherby good maners and vertue aperyth playne
He seth all goodnes / stody / and disciplyne
And yet wyll nat his mynde therto enclyne
20 But though he knowe what thynge is godlyest
Ouer all the worlde / yet is he styll a beest.

sig: o1
Many of this sort wander and compase Seneca: peregrinatio non facit medicum: et nulla ars discitur loco.
All studies / the wonders of the worlde to se
With vnstabyll wynges fleynge from place to place
25 Some seyth lawe and some dyuynyte
But for all this byde they in one degre
And if they were Asses and folys blynde before
After all these syghtes yet ar they moche more

They se moche nought lernynge / and hauynge no delyte
30 In wysdome nor maners vertue nor goodnes
Theyr tyme is loste / without wysdome or profyte
Without grace / or other holynes
But whyle they labour thus with besynes Eccle. xxix.
If they se ought newe / or any folysshe toy
35 That lyghtly they lerne / and set theron theyr ioy.

ref.ed: 177
By this desyre folys may knowen be
For wytles men of fleynge mynde and brayne
At best pleasyd with thynges of neweltye
And them to haue / they spare no cost nor payne
40 To dyuers londes to ren but all in vayne
And so they labour alway from londe to londe
To se all wonders / but nought they vnderstonde

Some fle to se the wonders of englonde
Some to the court to se the maners there
45 Some to Wallys / Holonde / to Fraunce or Irlonde
To Lybye / afryke / and besyly enquere.
Of all marueyles / and skantly worth a here
Some vnto Fraunce and some to Flaunders ren
To s[e] the wayes / and workes of cunnynge men se] so 1509

50 And to be shorte ouer all they range
Spendynge theyr goodes about vnthryftynes Prouer. xxvi.
In countrees knowen / vnknowen and strange Luce. xv.
But whan theyr iourney they homwarde must addres
As folys vnware / and vagabundes thryftles
55 They haue nought lerned / kept / nor with them brought
Of maners / wysdome or other thynge that is ought

They that by the se sayle to londes strange Horatius in epistolis.
Oft chaunge the place and planete of the fyrmament
But theyr mynde nor maners they ne turne nor chaunge
60 And namely suche that ar lewde and neglygent
What-euer they se styll one is theyr intent
Whan he departyd / If that he were a sote
Agayne anone he comyth in the same mynde and cote

sig: [o1v]
ref.ed: 178
Say mad folys blynde ouersene / and worthy scorne
65 Fayne wolde I knowe what necessyte ye haue
To go from the place where ye were bred and borne
Into another londe to lerne to play the knaue
Your mynde vnstable sheweth playne that ye raue
Laboure nat so sore / to lerne to be a fole
70 That cometh by it-selfe without any other scole

He that is borne in walys or small_brytayne
To lerne to pyke and stele nedys nat go to Rome.
What nede we sayle to Flaunders or Almayne
To lerne glotony / syns we may it lerne at home
75 Suche lewdnes soon may we lerne of our wombe
He that wyll lerne falshode gyle or sotelte
May lerne it here as well as beyonde the se.

To passe the se to lerne Uenus rybawdry
It is great foly / for thou mayst lerne thy fyll
80 In shoppis Innes and sellers / ye somtyme openly
At saynt_Martyns Westmynster or at the tour_hyll
So that I fere all London / in tyme it shall fyll
For it is there kept in lyght and in darke
That the pore Stuys decays for lacke of warke

85 But brefely to speke / and this to set a_syde
He that on vyce / and synne wyll set his entent
May lerne it in Englonde / if he at home abyde
And that of all sortis: god sende amendement
But if thou alway wyll nede be dylygent
90 To labour in the worlde about from place to place
Do as dyd Plato / than shalt thou fynde great grace Plato de quo Hieronimus in prologo biblie.

ref.ed: 179
This godly plato laboured with dilygence
To Egypt / and other londes sparynge for no payne
Where-euer he came: augmentynge his scyence
95 And at the last retourned to Grece agayne
His countrey natyf: with laude and name souerayne
Thus he for all his wysdome laboured besyly
But that fowle that nought can nought settyth by

Wherfore that gose that styll about wyll wander Ad hebreos. xiij.
100 Moche seynge and herynge / and nought berynge away
Shall home come agayne as wyse as a gander
But more fole is he that may lerne euery day
Without cost or laboure out of his owne countrey
And whan the well of wysdome renneth by theyr dore
105 Yet looth they the water as if that it were soure

sig: o2

Alexander_barklay ad fatuos vt dent locum octo secundariis beate_marie_de_Oterey qui quidem prima huius ratis transtra merentur.
¶Soft folys soft / a lytell slacke your pace
Tyll I haue space you to order by degre
I haue eyght neyghbours / that firste shall haue a place
Within this my shyp / for they most worthy be
They may theyr lernynge receyue costeles and fre.
Theyr wallys abuttynge and ioynynge to the scoles.
No-thynge they can / yet nought wyll they lerne nor se
Therfore shall they gyde this one shyp of foles.
ref.ed: 180

¶The enuoy of Barklay.
¶O vnauysyd / vnwyse and frowarde ma[n] man] mam 1509
Great cause thou hast to morne sore and complayne
Whan no goodnes vertue nor wyt thou can
And yet to lerne thou hast scorne and dysdayne
5 Alas man mende / and spare no maner payne
To get wysdome / and it thou shalt nat want
Hym that nought wyll knowe / god wyll nat knowe certayne
Wo is hym that wylfully is ignorant.

De iracundia ex leui causa.
Assiduis flagris ... in vrbe procul:
sig: [o2v]
Peccanti seruo: ... tarda vehat.
ref.ed: 181

¶Of great wrathe / procedynge of small occasyon.

sig: o3
¶Assys erys for our folys a lyuray is
And he that wyll be wroth for a thynge of nought
Of the same leuray is nat worthy to mys
For who that by wrathe to suche a wyll is brought
5 To sle his Asse for hir pas slowe and soft
Shall after his fury / repent his mad foly
For to a clere mynde / mad [wrathe] is ennemy wrathe] wratche 1509

ref.ed: 182
COme nere / ye wrathfull men / take your rowme and place xxxij. q. vij.
Within our shyp / and to slake our hastynes Quid in nimbus
10 Mount on an Asse slowe of hir gate and pace Sapientie. xiij.
Syns troublous wrath / in you / styreth this madnes Ad romanos. ij.
Often lacke of myght asswagyth cruelnes Hiere. xxix.
To a wylde cowe god doth short hornys sende Seneca de ira
Wrath is great foly / where myght may nat extende Valerius li. iiij.

15 O man yll-myndyd what helpeth the this yre Prouer. xxij.
None the commendyth whiche doth thy maners marke Iacobi primo.
What doste thou: but the waste with thyne owne fyre Prouer. xvij. d
Narrynge with thyselfe lyke as a dogge doth barke Eccle. v. c.
Without meke worde and pleasyd with no warke
20 Art thou: but thoughe all men be dylygent Eccle. xxx.
Mad wrathe to please / yet who can it content

This man malycious whiche troubled is with wrath
Nought els soundeth but the hoorse letter R Persius.
Thoughe all be well / yet he none answere hath
25 Saue the dogges letter / glowmynge with nar nar
Suche labour nat this mad rancour to defar
Nor yet his malyce to mytygate or asswage Prouer. xx.
But ioyeth to be drede of men for this outrage

His mouth fomyth his throte out-gorgyth fyre
30 His ferefull furoure is / his hole felycyte
By his great yre / doth he coueyte and desyre Prouer. xxvij.
Dowtyd to be: of the pore comonyte
His owne madnes and cruell furyosyte
Wyll he nat knowe as he were nat culpable
35 Of this mad fury and vyce abhomynable

ref.ed: 183
Hym-selfe is blynde / but other well note his dede
He shall be poynted whether he go or ryde
Saynge one to other take gode regarde and hede
Of yonder furyous fole whome reason doth nat gyde
40 Beware his wayes fle hym on euery syde
Who that hym sueth both hurte and shame shall fynde
Thus other hym notyth but he hymself is blynde

sig: [o3v]
So his Asse-erys to hym ar inuysyble P[e]rsius Persius] Parsius 1509 Persius] Parsius 1509
He thynkyth to haue pacyence though that he haue none
45 And vnto hym it is thynge incredyble
That suche ar folys whose pacyence is gone
Thus coueytyth he to kepe his erys alone
And to wrathfull men he wyll no-thynge obiect
For that hym-selfe is with the same infect

50 But somwhat to touche the inconuenyences Prouer. xi.
Whiche by this wrath procedyth to mankynde
It is chefe grounde of many great offences
Destroynge reason blyndynge the wyt and mynde
By malyce man is to all yll inclynde
55 Both symple man / and lordes excellent
Do that by wrath oft whiche they after repent

Reuoke thy mynde / somwhat thy herte enclyne Architas
Unto Archytas a man of hye wysdome
Borne [in] the ryche Cyte namyd Tarentyne in the] the the 1509
60 Rede howe that he his malyce dyd ouercome
For thoughe his seruaunt was fals to hym become
And he sore mouyd to auenge the same offence
Yet he refraynyd his wrathe by pacyence

ref.ed: 184
So socrates so Senyk and Plato Socrates Plato Seneca.
65 Suffred great wronge great iniury and payne
And of your fayth sayntis right many mo
For christ our mayster dyd great turment sustayne Laurencius pacienter sustulit martyrium diriss[im]umdirissimum] dirissum 1509 et tamen orauit pro populopopulo] populolo 1509 ninico.dirissimum] dirissum 1509populo] populolo 1509
What wo or payne cowde saynt Laurance refrayne
From pacience wherfore it is great shame
70 For christen men if they do not the same

They suffred deth / ye / and yet were pacyent
And many haue prayed / for suche that haue them slayne
Where thou mad fole takest greuous punysshement
For small occasyon / ye come by chaunce sodayne
75 Fole thou art blynde / and mad to set thy brayne
All-thynge to venge (by wrath) that doth mysfall
For he that part hath lost: by wrath oft lesyth all

And forsoth no meruayle / if suche wyse actours
Hath wrathes madnes / expelled and set asyde Prouer. xxx.
80 For where that wrath doth rayne with his furours Eccle. xix.
There can no reason nor wysedome longe abyde xi. q. ij. ira. v. q. ij. relatum etc. seruetur. prouer. xxij. et xvij.
The wyt it wastyth: so is it a lewde gyde
Therfore let mesure / this malyce holde agayne
But pacyence is brydyll his madnes to refrayne

sig: [o4]
85 It longeth nat to any man of hye prudence
For to be wrothe / yrous / or gyuys to malancoly
No suche passyon nor inconuenyence
Can fall to man / ay stedfast wyse and holy Io. xxxvi.
But folys ar moste troublyd with this foly Prouer. xij.
90 Where-as a wyse man for any aduersyte
Lyueth in quyete mynde and tranq[u]ylyte

ref.ed: 185
A man well-manerd / sad sober and dyscrete
If he be ware / wyse / chrafty and prouydent
Beholdeth all-thynge before his syght and fete.
95 Gydynge hym by mesure a vertue excellent
Where-as a fole doth all without aduysement
And in euery-thynge shewyth his folysshnes
Wroth at eche worde / as mayster of madnes

Wherfore ye folys se ye no lenger tary
100 But on the dull Asse hastely assende
That a slowe beest may hasty folys cary
For your mad wrath dowtyth no-thynge the ende Ecclesiastes. vii.
Your madnes can nat your blynde mysdede defende
For who that one sleyth / angry and feruent
105 Ought to be hangyd whan he is pacyent

¶The enuoy of the Actour.
¶Blynde-myndyd man whiche wylt all-thynge ouercome
Reputynge thy-selfe / moste souerayne and royall
If thou be wyse or partener of wysdome
Labour to ouercome thyne owne selfe firste of all
5 Thy wrath asswage thou in especyall
Let neyther malyce / nor yre with the abyde
Thou art a fole the chefe or lorde to call
Of other: whan thou can nat thy-selfe well gyde.

De fortunę mutabilitate.
Quem tota ... residere loco.
sig: [o4v]
COmplures fatuos / ... ipse volet.
ref.ed: 186

¶Of the mutabylyte of fortune.
sig: [o5]
¶That man whiche hopyth hye vp to ascende
On fortunes whele / and come to state royall
If the whele turne / may doute sore to descende
If he be hye the sorer is his fall
5 So he whiche trustyth nat therto at all
Shall in moste eas and suerty hymselfe gyde
For vnsure fortune can in no place abyde

ref.ed: 187
WE dayly proue by example and euydence 'W' of 'WE' is guide letter in space set for large capital
That many be made folys mad and ignorant
10 By the brode worlde / puttynge trust and confydence Eccle. x.
In fortunes whele vnsure and inconstant i. macha. ij.
Some assay the whele thynkynge it pleasant Prouer. xiiij.
But whyle they to clym vp haue pleasour and desyre Seneca in her. cu. fur.
Theyr fete them faylyth so fall they in the myre

15 Promote a yeman / make hym a gentyl man
And make a Baylyf of a Butchers son
Make a Squyer knyght / yet wyll they if they can
Coueyt in theyr myndes hyer promosyon
And many in the worlde haue this condicion
20 In hope of honour by treason to conspyre
But ofte they slyde / and so fall in the myre

sig: [o5v]
Suche lokys so hye that they forget theyr fete
On fortunes whele whiche turneth as a ball
They seke degrees for theyr small myght vnmete Claudianus de pe.di. iij. quid ergo in glo.
25 Theyr folysshe hertis and blynde se nat theyr fall
Some folys purpose to haue a rowme Royall
Or clym by fortunes whele to an empyre
The whele than turneth / lyuynge them in the myre

O blynde man say what is thyne intent
30 To worldly honoures so greatly to entende
Or here to make the hye ryche and excellent
Syns that so shortly thy lyfe must haue an ende Prouer. xiij.
None is so worthy / nor can so hye ascende
Nor nought is so sure if thou the trouth enquyre
35 But that it may doute to fall downe to the myre

ref.ed: 188
There is no lorde Duke kynge nor other estate
But dye they must / and from this wo[r]lde go worlde] wolde 1509
All worldly thynges whiche god hath here create Horatius
Shall nat ay byde / but haue an ende also
40 What mortall man hath ben promotyd so:
In worldly welthe or vncertayne dignyte h. fu.
That euer of lyfe had houre of certaynte

In stormy wyndes lowest trees ar most sure Addicio alexandri_barklay.
And howsys surest whiche ar nat byldyd hye
45 Where-as hye byldynges may no tempest endure
Without they be foundyd sure and stedfastly
So gretest men haue most fere and ieopardy
Better is pouertye though it be harde to bere
Than is a hye degre in ieopardy and fere

50 The hyllys ar hye / the valeys ar but lowe
In valeys is corne the hyllys ar barayne
On hyest places most gras doth nat ay growe
A mery thynge is mesure and easy to sustayne
The hyest in great fere / the lowest lyue in payne
55 Yet better ly on grounde / hauynge no name at all
Than hye on a Clyf ferynge alway to fall

Thus as me-thynke it is no-thynge lawdable
On fortunes whele / for one to clym to hye
Syns the swyft cours therof is so vnstable
60 And all must we leue whan we depart and dye
Of our short lyfe haue we no certayntye Marcialis.
For lachesys (whan that thou hast lefte drede)
Of thy lyue-dayes shall shortly breke the threde.

sig: [o6]
ref.ed: 189
Atropos is egall to pore man and estate
65 Defar wyll nat deth by prayer ne request
No mortall man may his furour mytygate.
Nor of hym haue one day longer here to rest:
Content the with measure (therfore) for it is best
Coueyt nat to moche in honour to excell
70 It is a fowle fall to fall from erth to hell

Unstable fortune exalteth some a_loft
To this intent / them to brynge to an yll ende
For who that hye clymmeth his fall can nat be soft
If that mysfortune constrayne hym to dyscende
75 Though Iulius Cesar his lordshyp dyd extende Iulius cesar
Ouer all the worlde: yet fortune at the last.
From lyfe and lordshyp hym wretchydly dyd cast

This hath ben sene / is sene / and euer shall
That most peryll is in hyest dignyte
80 Howe many estatis / howe many men Royall.
Hath fortune dryuyn downe into aduersyte
Rede dyuers / cronycles / and thou shall playnly se
That many thousandes hath endyd in doloure
By theyr immoderate mynde to honoure

85 Ouer-rede Bochas and than shalt thou se playne
The fall of prynces wryten ryght compendeously
There shalt thou se what punysshement and payne
Haue to them fallen / somtyme by theyr foly
And oft is moche preuy hatered and enuy Tullius in offi.
90 Had agaynst lordes of the rude comonte Eccle. xx.
Where-euer they go: they lyue in ieopardye

ref.ed: 190
Ay dowtynge deth by cursed gyle and treason
Eche thynge mysdemynge / ferynge to be opprest
By some mysfortune / with venym or with poyson.
95 Thus in great honour is neyther ioy nor rest
But thought and fere / ye whyle the lyfe doth lest
Thus who that procuryth great honour to attayne
Procuryth with all / enuy / peryll / fere and payne

A lorde or state whom many men doth drede
100 With loueles fere / and fayned countenaunce
Unto hym-selfe ought wysely to take hede
And them to fere / if he wyll voyde myschaunce
For why a comonty is of suche ignoraunce
And so enuyous / that both erly and late
105 They muse to destroy hym whom / they fere and hate Sapientie. v.

sig: [o6v]
A man promotyd vnto hye dygnyte
Shall haue loue shewyd hym by adulacion
But no true loue nouther faythfull amyte.
Good fame nor name / ne commendacion
110 Ye though he be worthy great exaltacion
Pytefull louynge and full of equyte
Yet harde is to please a folysshe comonte

Therfore me-thynke of all-thynge it is best
Man to be pleased and content with his degre
115 For why in mesure / is suerty eas and rest
And ay moste peryll in hyest dignyte
Fortune is full of changes and mutabylyte
Trust nat therto / therby comyth do gode
But nowe hye nowe lowe / vnstable as a flode
ref.ed: 191

Alexander_barklay to the Folys.
¶Labour nat man with to moche besy cure
To clymme to hye lyst thou by fortune fall
For certaynly / that man slepyth nat sure
That lyeth lows vpon a narowe wall
5 Better somtyme to serue / than for to gouerne all
For whan the Net is throwen into the se
The great fysshe ar taken and the pryncipall
Where-as the small escapyth quyte and fre

De egrotante inobediente.
Egrotus si ... atque nihil:
sig: p1
Donec ad tumulum ... mulla premet.
ref.ed: 192

¶Of them that be diseasyd and seke and ar impacient and inobedyent to the Phesycyan.
¶If one be vexed with sore infirmyte
Within his body felynge dyseas and payne
And wyll nat gladly with perfyte mynde agre
To a wyse Phesycian that wolde hym hele agayne
5 He is a fole / and shall his foly sore complayne
And if that he by his selfe-wyll do sterue
It is but well: syns he it doth deserue.

sig: [p1v]

ref.ed: 193
HE that is feble with sekenes outher wounde
Wherwith he feleth hym-selfe so kept in payne glo. i. c. ad aures de eta et qua. or
10 That dye he muste but if remedy be founde
He is a fole / if that he haue dysdayne
Of wyse Phesycyans: and medecines souerayne Eccle. x. et xxxvij.
And wyll nat sue theyr counsell and aduysement
Wherby he myght haue helth and short amendement Boetius.

15 Thoughe the Phesycyan (of his lyfe) hym assure
So he be ruled / and vnto his mynde agre
The pacyent yet kepyth no dyete nor mesure
In mete nor drynke / and wyll nat gouerned be
But foloweth Ryot and all superfluyte
20 Receyuynge colde water in-stede of ale or wyne
Agaynst read and counsell of crafty medycyne

What mete or drynke that is most contagious
And most infectyf to his sekenes or dyseas
And to hym forbyden / as moste contrarious
25 Unto his sekenes. That namely doth hym pleas Iuuenalis
But that thynge that myght hym helpe and greatly eas Persius.
He hatyth moste / and wyll none receyue at all.
Tyll this small sore / at the last become mortall

sig: p2
Suche wyll no counsell ensue / nor mesure haue
30 Nor temper theym-selfe in lesse nor yet in more.
Tyll theyr yll gouernaunce brynge them to theyr graue Eccle. xviij.
Retournynge into grounde lyke as they were before Ouidius de remedio amoris
But who that soone wolde / be helyd of his sore
Whan it is newe ought to fynde remedy.
35 For in olde sorys is greatest ieopardy

ref.ed: 194
A small sparcle often-tyme doth augment
It-selfe: and groweth to flames peryllous
Right so small wellys whiche semeth to be spent
With lytell sprynges and Ryuers / ofte so growys
40 Unto great waters / depe and ieopadous.
So a small sore augmentyth / styll preuely
By lytell and lytell for lacke of remedy

A small diseas whiche is ynoughe durable
At the begynnynge / for lacke of medycyne
45 At longe contynuaunce becomyth incurable
The paynfull pacyent bryngynge vnto ruyne
Wherfore who wyll to his owne helth enclyne Eccle. xxxi.
And soone be helyd of yll without all tary Boetius de conso. philoso.
To the Phesician ought nat to be contrary

50 Obstynat frowarde or inobedyent
Ought he nat be / but with a pacyent mynde
Shewe all his soris truly playne and euydent
To the Phesician if he wyll socour fynde. Eccle. xxxviij.
And thoughe his saluys in paynes hym sore bynde.
55 Let nat for that / but after his wyll the gyde
Better a shorte payne / than that doth longe abyde

No sore can be releuyd without payne.
Forsake nat the short / the longe payne to eschewe
To the Phesycian we ought in worde be playne
60 And shewe hym our sore / whether it be olde or newe
For in thy wordes if that thou be nat trewe
Or kepe ought close / thou dysceyuest be thou sure
Thy-selfe. and nat hym that of the hath the cure.

ref.ed: 195
In lyke fourme who comyth vnto confessyon
65 There to declare howe he his lyfe hath spent
And shewyth nat his synne lyke-wyse as he hath done
Hymself he disceyuyth / as blynde of his entent.
Thus many one endureth infernall tourment
With wo contynuall and payne for euermore
70 For kepynge secrete there / of his goostly sore.

sig: [p2v]
Thus who that is payned in any malady
Bodely or gostly / ought nat to be callyd wyse
To the Phesycian without that he aply.
And his preceptis hant kepe and exercyse 'hant'='haunt'
75 But nowe olde wytches dare boldly interpryse
To intromyt to hele all infyrmyte
And many them byleue / whiche sothly is pyte

Suche wytches of theyr byleue abhomynable
On brest or hede of the paynfull pacyent
80 With theyr wytchecraftis shall compasse chat and bable
Assurynge hym of helth / and short amendement
Than he that is seke fyxith his intent
Upon hir errour: to haue helpe of his sore
But she hym leuyth wors than he was before

85 Poule the apostyll doth boldly say and preue
That they whiche to suche wytches wyll assent i. ad thimo. iiij.
Ar heretykes / Lolardes and false of theyr byleue
Brekynge goddes lawes and commaundement
And oft also by profe it apereth euydent
90 That suche as to wytches craftis wyll intende
By theyr fals Phesyke come soner to theyr ende

ref.ed: 196
Theyr body dede / theyr soule in ieopardy
By mysbyleue for-euer in paynes infernall.
Whiche ar rewarde for wretchyd synne and heresy
95 But if thou to thy mynde and reason call
And of this wrytynge perceyue the sence morall
Whan thou art fallen seke and in dedely syn
Seke helpe betyme / and byde nat longe therin

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Thou man or woman / that lyest seke in vyce
To goddes vycayrs confesse thy syn holly
So shalt thou from thy goostly yll aryse.
For thy soule fyndynge helpe and remedy
5 Without leasynge shewe hym thy synne playnly
Let nat for shame nor fall nat therto agayne
Better shewe thy sore there to one secretely
Than after openly: and byde eternall payne

¶Ensewe the counsell of a wyse confessour
10 Take nat colde water in-stede of vermayll wyne:
For moche swetnes / endure thou a lytell soure
Kepe well the dyet and threfolde medicyne
Ordayned for synne by spirituall doctryne
That is confessyon / the next contrycyon.
sig: p3
15 With satisfaccion these thre / with grace deuyne
Ar salues parfyte for all transgressyon

De nimium apertis consultationibus.
Quisquis forte ... pudoris habet.
sig: [p3v]
Tu caueas: ... facta tuę.
ref.ed: 197

¶Of ouer-open takynges of counsell.
¶Who that to clerely layeth his net or snare
Before the byrdes whome he by gyle wolde take
Them playnly techyth of his gyle to be ware
And is a fole whether he slepe or wake
5 Right so is he (and doth a sauegarde make)
For his foes them (techynge remedy to fynde)
Whiche sheweth them by thretenynge the secret of his mynde

ref.ed: 198
WHo that intendyth by chraft and polycy 'W' of 'WHo' is guide letter in space set for large capital Esopus in apo. Esopus in apo.
To take many byrdes / outher small or great Prouer primo
10 And layeth before them to playne and openly Ouidius de reme. glo. i. cle. pastoralis de re i[n]u.inu] iu 1509 inu] iu 1509
His lynes snarys / his lyme twyggis or his net
He shall no profyte gayne nor auauntage get
For if that he his engynes can nat hyde
The byrdes shall be ware / and lyghtly fle asyde

sig: [p4]
15 So he that wyll openly manace and threte
With worde and hande / as he wolde sle adowne ryght
Is oft scant abyll a symple hounde to bete.
For in his worde is all his force and myght
And he that alway thretenyth for to fyght.
20 Oft at the profe is skantly worth a hen
For greattest crakers ar nat ay boldest men Prouer. x.

Who that agaynst his ennemy wolde fyght
And gyueth hym before wepyn and armour.
Agaynst hym-selfe to encreas his foes myght
25 Suche one hath reason and wyt of small valour.
Ryght so that fole is led in lyke errour
Which nought can do / of mater les or more
Without he crake and boste therof before.

And also suche bosters and crakers comonly
30 Whiche doth theyr mynde in hasty wordes declare
Of other men ar lytell or nought set by
And by theyr wordes / full often yll they fare
A man also may ryght easely be ware
Of folys whiche thus theyr counsell out expres
35 Whose thretenynges to theyr foes is armour and harnes

ref.ed: 199
But hym call I wyse and crafty of counsell
Whiche kepeth close the secretis of his mynde
And to no man wyll them disclose nor tell Prouer. xviij. et xxvi.
To man nor woman / ennemy nor yet frynde
40 But do his purpose whan he best tyme can fynde
Without worde spekynge / and so may his intent
Best come to ende / his foo / beynge inpro[u]ydent

And specially no man ought to be large Horatius in epistolis.
Of wordes nor shewe his counsell openly Prouer. xi.
45 In thynges weyghty / of peryll and great charge
Consernynge a royalltie / or helth of his body
For many ar falsly disceyued fynally
By lewde tale-berers whiche seke the way to fynde
To knowe the preuy counsell of theyr lordes mynde

50 They fawne and flater to knowe his pryuetee
But they forsoth / that wolde knowe thynges newe
For the moste part of this condicion be
No-thynge to kepe / but lyghtly it to shewe.
Thus may the saynge of Salomon be fonde true.
55 Whiche sayth that he is wyse / and lyueth happely
Whiche to hym-selfe kepyth his counsell secretely

sig: [p4v]
I fynde foure thynges whiche by meanes can
Be kept close / in secrete / one longe in preuetee
The firste is the counsell of a wytles man
60 The seconde a Cyte / whiche byldyd is a_hye Eccle. viij.
Upon a mountayne / the thyrde we often se Math. v.
That to hyde his dedes a louer hath no skyll
The fourth is strawe or fethers on a wyndy hyll

ref.ed: 200
A pore mannys dedys may soone be kept close Ouidius
65 His name is hyd / and right so is his dede. Iuuenalis
A ryche mannys dede may no man hyde nor glose
It fleeth farthest / all men of it take hede
So that yll fame whome all men ought to drede
In fleynge about hir myght doth multyply Vergilius veresque acquirit eum do. iiij. eney.
70 Augmentynge to his lynage shame and vylany

Therfore who that intendyth to be wyse
Ware and crafty / auoydynge all inconuenyence
To shewe his counsell ought nat to interpryse
But do his mynde / kepynge alway sylence
75 In seruauntis is small trust or confydence
He that is nowe thy frende may after be thy fo Seneca.
Warne nat thy ennemy of that that thou wylt do Catho.

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶O ye that ar put to wronge and Iniury
If ye intende for to yelde the same agayne
It is great foly to warne your ennemye
Or hym to threten with bostynge wordes vayne.
5 For oft is sayde / and true it is certayne
That they that wyll lyue in quyetnes and rest Audi / vide facet tace.
Must here and se and hasty wordes refrayne
All styll with fewe wordes do that they thynke best

Fatuorum damno sapientes nos fieri conuenit.
Stultorum lapsum ... inde graues.
sig: [p5]
Ridentur passim ... redire feram.
ref.ed: 201

¶Of folys that can nat beware by the mysfortune and example of others damage.
sig: [p5v]
Here we expresse / the errour and blyndnes
Of them that se. others aduersyte
Theyr wofull fall the ruyne and dystres.
Yet sue they the same / and ware they wyll nat be
5 Though they by example the payne of other se
Yet leue they nat: thus may they clayme a place
Within my Nauy / as folys voyde of grace

ref.ed: 202
WE dayly se the mysfortune and damage 'W' of 'WE' is guide letter in space set for large capital Prouer. iiij. et. xv. Prouer. iiij. et. xv.
And often fallys / to pouerte and payne
10 Whiche folys suffer for theyr synne and outrage Iohannis. xvij.
Some drowned / some maymed / some other-wyse slayne
Yet this example can nat cause vs refrayne
Our wretchyd lyfe / and seke for remedy
We marke no-thynge anothers ieopardy.

15 We se the mockynge scorne and derysyon
That folys hath ofte-tyme whan they offende
We se theyr losse / theyr / shame and theyr confusion
Howe-be-it all this can cause vs to amende
We can no-thynge and to nought we intende
20 So many folys I fynde that playne I thynke
Theyr weyghty charge shall cause my shyp to synke

sig: [p6]
Suche ar despysyd of men discrete and wyse Eccle. xxv.
Ye and more-ouer these folys ar so blynde
That echone of them the other doth despyse Ecclesiastes. x.
25 With sharp rebukes / wordes lewde and vnkynde
Yet in theyr lyfe no difference may we fynde
And though they haue sene a thousande brough to shame
For one sore vyce: yet lyue they in the same

The example of other can nat theyr myndes moue Ieremie. v. et. viij.
30 Theyr wyttis ar blynde theyr foly is the cause Eccle. i.
Alas mad folys why do ye vyce thus loue
Rennynge ay to deth without all rest or pause
Alas / at the last retourne to christis lawes
Be ware / whan ye other se taken in the snare
35 Let anothers peryll cause you to be ware

ref.ed: 203
Ye do nat so / alas it is great shame
Your synne hath quenchyd your grace and gostly lyght
One blynde man another doth chyde and blame
And yet both stomble / nat goynge euyn or right
40 A blynde man hym ledyth that also hath no syght
So both in the dyche fallyth in suche a wyse Mathei. xv.
That one can nat helpe / the other agayne to ryse Luce. vi.

One crab blamys another for hir bacwarde pace
And yet the blamer sothly can none other do Esopus in apo.
45 But both two ar in theyr goynge in lyke case
The one goeth b[a]cwarde / the other doth also bacwarde] bocwarde 1509
Many of these folys after that maner go
But who that of his moders doctryne hath disdayne:
Shall by his stepdame endure wo care and payne Ecclesi. iij. et xlj

50 And perchaunce after abyde the correccyon
Of the sayde stepdame / in place of punysshement.
For his synne / sufferynge hir vniust subieccien
And who that nat foloweth the commaundement
Of his fader beynge to hym obedyent
55 May fortune after in hunger thyrst ond colde
Obey that stranger / whom he nat gladly wolde

We fynde Hystories wryten longe and ample
In dyuers bokes of great auctoryte
The hole Bybyll sheweth to vs example
60 Howe they were punysshed that lyuyd in cruelte Pheton.
I fynde also wryten in bokes of Poetrye Tullius iij. offi.
Howe that Pheton was brent with the lyghtnynge Ouidius. ij. meth.
For his presumpcion / agaynst a myghty kynge

sig: [p6v]
ref.ed: 204
We haue example also by Icarus Icarus. ouidius. viij. metha vide virgilium . iiij. eney. et seruium eodem loco.
65 Whiche contrary vnto the commaundement
Of his crafty father named Dedalus
By fleynge to hye his wynges and fethers brent
And so descendyd and in the se was drent
Thus these two endynge by theyr lewdnes in care Prouer. xv. et xxiij.
70 By theyr example sholde cause vs to beware

We dayly se before our syght and our presence Addicio alexandri_Barklay.
What mysauenture to many one doth fall
And that worthely for theyr synne and offence
Yet ar we blynde / and ar nat ware at all
75 But in our synnes lyue vnto them egall
And where by synne we se one come to shame
We wyllyngly (alas) ensue the same

Therfore who sethe a mad fole come to wo Eccle. xi.
Or fall in peryll for lacke of a good gyde
80 By another way ought craftely to go
And (by anothers yll) for his helthe to prouyde
The fox was ware / and peryll set asyde
And wolde nat enter into the caue / for playne Esopus.
Of bestis that entred sawe he none come agayne Horatius in epistolis

¶The enuoy of Barklay.
¶Lerne man / lerne of bestes to be ware
Of others peryll / by theyr enormyte
For if one byrde be onys tane in a snare
The other auoyde as fast as they may flee
5 A fysshe byrde or beste that hath in peryll be
Of net hoke or snare / if that they may escape.
Wyll after euer beware / but blynde man wyll nat se
His owne destruccion / but after it doth gape

Nil curare detractiones hominum.
Non campana ... aure sonum.
sig: q1
QVisquis in hoc mundo ... turba ferat.
ref.ed: 205

¶Of them that forceth or careth for the bacbytynge of lewde people.
sig: [q1v]
¶Whether that a bell be hangyd or lye on grounde
If vnto the same a clapper lacke or fayle
The bell shall make but sympyll noyse or sounde
Though thou in it do hange a Foxys tayle
5 Right so backbyters that vse on men to rayle
Can nat greatly hurt them that lyue rightwysly
Wherfore it is foly theyr babblynge to set by.

ref.ed: 206
WHo that within this worlde wolde rest and lyue 'W' of 'WHo' is guide letter in space set for large capital Psal. c.viij. Psal. c.viij.
In eas of mynde / peas and tranquyllyte Prouer. xxiiij.
10 Must nat his mynde set / nor his erys gyue Sapientie. ij.
To the vayne talys / of the rude comonte
And though some people of suche condicion be
Oft to dyffame good people true and Iust
Let them nought care / for byde it nede they must

15 Let no man care for the lewde hyssynges
And yll soundynges of this vnhappy rage
It is great foly to set by the lesynges Ad philip. ij.
Of cursyde tunges syns none can them asswage Prouer. xiiij. et xviij.
For who in this worlde wyll come to aua[n]tage
20 Hym-selfe exaltynge to worshyp and honoure
Shall fynde the swetnes mengled with the sowre

sig: q2
And he that wyll of his dygnyte be sure
Or sympyll lyuynge what-so-euer it be
Right greuous chargis somtymes must endure
25 And with his iyen often beholde and se
Suche thynges wherwith his mynde can not agre
And he that wyll with the worlde haue to do
Must suffer suche trouble as belongeth therto

Yet some haue pytched theyr tentis stedfastly Ad hebreos. xi.
30 Upon sure grounde / auoyde of all this payne
Despysynge the worldes wantonnes and foly
For in the same is nought sure nor certayne
Nought se we tranquyll in these wawes mundayne
We se no loue / lawe / fydelyte / nor trust
35 But nowe up hye / and nowe lowe in the dust

ref.ed: 207
To auoyde the worlde with his foly and stryfe
Many hath left londes townes and ryches
And yll company lyuynge solytary lyfe
Alone in desert and in wyldernes
40 Ye and that: men of moste wyt and worthynes
Whiche by that meane dyd best of all eschewe
All worldly sclaunder and lyuyd in vertue

He that intendeth to lyue a rightwyse lyfe Iohan. xv.
And so procedeth in maners and good dede Sapien. xi.
45 Of worldly sclaunder / complaynt / hatered / and stryfe
And all yll-wyll / he ought nat to take hede
For he that is iuste ought no-thynge for to drede
A sclaundrynge tonge / ye / be it neuer so wode
For suche lewde tonges can none hurte that ar gode

50 Lyue well and wysely / than let men chat theyr fyll
Wordes ar but wynde / and though it oft so fall
That of lewde wordes comyth great hurte and yll
Yet byde the ende / that onely prouyth all
If thou canst suffer truste well that thou shall
55 Ouercome thyne ennemyes better by pacience
Than by hye wordes rygour or vyolence

If poetis that somtyme vyce blamyd and discommendyd Satyri.
And holy Prophetis whiche also dyd the same Prophete
To suche vayne and mortall wordes had intendyd
60 They sholde nat haue durst the peoples vyce to blame
So sholde they haue lost their honour and good name Psalmus. lij.
Theyr fame and meryt / but nowe they haue nat so
But spred theyr fame / whiche neuer away shall go

sig: [q2v]
ref.ed: 208
Forsoth none lyueth within the worlde wyde
65 So meke so holy / so wyse or pacyent Sapientie. vi.
Whiche can hym-selfe at euery tyme so gyde
To please eche fole / for none can some content
Forsoth he myght be named excellent
Happy and blessyd and lyue in welth and eas
70 Whiche euery man cowde serue content and pleas Eccle. viij.

But suche is none. and he that wyll assay
For to content eche folysshe mannes mynde
Must brake his slepe and stody nyght and day
And yet alway some fole shall be behynde Eccle. xxxvij.
75 Ye if one lyue well / yet wyll they somwhat fynde
Behynde his backe hym to sclaunder and diffame
For beggers and bawdes therin haue all theyr game

For whether thou dwell in Est west north or south
Of suche dryuels euer shalt thou fynde plente
80 One must haue moche mele / to stoppe eche mannys mouth
Sclander is the cunnynge of all the comonte
And in the same suche ay moste besy be
Whiche lyue them-selfe in shame and vylany
Euen nowe they speke repentynge by and by

85 Thus all the cunnynge and stody dilygent. i. corin. iij.
Of people vnthryfty is alway to despyse
And diffame other whiche ar but innocent Eccle. ii.
Wherfore let suche as ar discrete and wyse Prouer. xv.
Nought set by them that lesyngys doth deuyse Eccle. vii.
90 Nor theyr vayne foly: for he that doth certayne
Is but a fole. and euer shall lyue in payne
ref.ed: 209

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Trouble nat thy-selfe (thou man) where is no nede
And arme thou thy-selfe with goodly pacyence
Be sure it is great foly to take hede
Unto backbytynge syns that no resystence
5 May be founde to withstande his violence
And take thou this one thynge for thy comfort
That none wyse / or good / wyll commyt this offence
But all ar caytyffes / that ar of this lewde sort.

De subsannatoribus et calumniatoribus.
Stulti qui ... probitatis habent.
sig: q3
O Fatui ... innocuosque petunt.
ref.ed: 210

¶Of mockers / and scorners / and false accusers.
sig: [q3v]
¶Yet ar mo Folys whiche mocke and scorneth fast
Suche as them shewyth wysdome and doctryne
And at theyr hedes (vngoodly) stonys cast
In mynde disdaynynge to wysdome to enclyne
5 But gladly they ensue the discyplyne
Of folysshe mockers. let wyse men them eschewe
For no correccion can brynge them to vertue

ref.ed: 211
O Hertles folys / haste here to our doctryne Eccle. xxii.
Leue of the wayes of your enormyte Prouer. xxiii. et xxix.
10 Enforce you to my preceptis to enclyne
For here shall I shewe you good and veryte Sapientie. x.
Enclyne / and ye fynde shall great prosperyte
Ensuynge the doctryne of our faders olde
And godly lawes in valour worth great golde

15 Who that wyll folowe the graces manyfolde
Whiche ar in vertue / shall fynde auauncement
Wherfore ye folys that in your syn ar bolde
Ensue ye wysedome and leue your lewde intent
Wysdome is the way of men most excellent
20 Therfore haue done / and shortly spede your pace
To quaynt your-selfe and company with grace

sig: q4
Lerne what is vertue / therin is great solace Prouer. vi.
Lerne what is trouth sadnes and prudence
Let grutche be gone / and grauyte purchace
25 Forsake your foly and inconuenyence Baruth. iij.
Cesse to be folys / and ay to sue offence Ad titum . iij.
Folowe ye vertue / chefe rote of godlynes Sapien. vi.
For it and wysdome is grounde of clenlynes Eccle. xvi.

Wysedome and vertue two thynges ar doutles
30 Whiche man endueth with honour specyall
But suche hertis as slepe in folysshnes
Knoweth no-thynge / and wyll nought knowe at all
But in this lytell barge in pryncypall
All folysshe mockers I purpos to repreue
35 Clawe he his backe that felyth ytche or greue

ref.ed: 212
Mockers and scorners that ar harde of byleue
With a rugh combe here wyll I clawe and grate
To proue if they wyll from theyr vyce remeue
And leue theyr foly whiche causeth great debate
40 Suche caytyfs spare neyther pore man nor estate
And where theyr-selfe ar moste worthy of dyrysion
Other men to scorne is all theyr moste condicion

Yet ar mo folys of this abusion Iob. xij.
Whiche of wyse men despyseth the doctryne
45 With mowes / mockes / scorne / and collusyon
Rewardynge rebukes / for theyr good disciplyne Prouer. xiiij.
Shewe to suche wysdome / yet shall they nat enclyne
Unto the same / but set no-thynge therby
But mocke thy doctryne / styll or openly

50 So in the worlde it apereth comonly
That who that wyll a Fole rebuke or blame Prouer. xi.
A mocke or mowe shall he haue by and by
Thus in derysyon / haue folys theyr speciall game
Correct a wyse man / that wolde eschewe yll name
55 And fayne wolde lerne / and his lewde lyfe amende Eccle. xix.
And to thy wordes he gladly shall intende

If by mysfortune a rightwyse man offende
He gladly suffreth a iuste correccion
And hym that hym techyth taketh for his frende
60 Hym-selfe puttynge mekely vnto subieccion
Folowynge his preceptis and good dyreccion
But if that one a Fole rebuke or blame Prouer. xxv.
He shall his techer / hate / sclaunder and dyffame

sig: [q4v]
ref.ed: 213
Howbeit his wordes / oft turne to his owne shame
65 And his owne dartis retourne to hym agayne
And so is he sore woundyd with the same Prouer. xix.
And in wo endyth / great mysery and payne
It also prouyd full often is certayne
That they that on mockes alway theyr myndes cast
70 Shall of all other be mocked at the last

He that goeth right / stedfast sure and fast Iuuenalis
May hym well mocke that goth haltynge and lame
And he that is whyte may well his scornes cast
Agaynst a man of ynde / but no man ought to blame
75 Anothers vyce whyle he vsyth the same
But who that of synne is clene in dede and thought
May hym well scorne whose lyuynge is starke nought iij. q. vii. qui sine.

The scornes of Naball full dere sholde haue ben bought Nabal. i. regum. xxv.
If Abigayll his wyfe discrete and sage
80 Had nat by kyndnes right crafty meanes sought
The wrath of Dauyd to temper and asswage
Hath nat two berys in theyr fury and rage
Two and fourty Children rent and torne iiij. regum. ij. in fine.
For they the Prophete Helyseus dyd scorne

85 So myght they curse the tyme that they were borne
For theyr mockynge of this Prophete dyuyne
So many other of this sorte often mowrne
For theyr lewde mockes / and fall in-to ruyne
Thus is it foly for wyse men to enclyne
90 To this lewde flocke of Folys for se thou shall
Them moste scornynge that ar most bad of all
ref.ed: 214

¶Th'enuoy of Barcly to the Folys.
¶Ye mockynge Folys that in scorne set your ioy Geneseos. ix.
Proudly dyspysynge goddes punycion
Take ye example by Cham the son of Noy
Whiche laughyd his Father vnto derysyon
5 Whiche hym / after / cursyd for his transgressyon
And made hym seruaunt to all his lyne and stocke
So shall ye Caytyfs at the conclusyon
Syns ye ar nought / and other scorne and mocke

Contemptus ęternorum gaudiorum.
Qui male ... stulta / parens
sig: [q5]
OCcurrit fatuę ... regna luto.
ref.ed: 215

¶Of them that dyspyse euerlastynge ioye / and settyth thynges transytory before thynges eternall and euerlastynge.
sig: [q5v]
¶He is a foule that weyeth in one balaunce
The heuen and erth to knowe the heuyest
And by his foly and cursed ignoraunce
He thynketh that this wretchyd erth is best
5 And thoughe that here be neyther ioy nor rest
Yet had some leuer here styll to remayne
Than to depart to heuen voyde of all payne

ref.ed: 216
My hande is wery: fayne wolde I rest a space
But folys comyth to my shyp so besely Eccle. xiiij.
10 That to haue rest: they wyll graunt me no grace Psal. lxi.
That nede I must theyr lewdnes notefy Mar. viij.
But to recorde this folysshe company Math. xvi.
They ar suche that this worlde so greatly loue
That they despyse the heuenly Royalme aboue

15 They often thynke in theyr mynde preuely Sapien. iiij.
And by them-selfe in this wyse oft they say Ad romanos. ij.
O glorious lorde raynynge eternally Amos quinto.
Graunt me thy grace that I may lyue alway Eccl[e]siastes. Ecclesiastes] Ecclsiastes 1509 ij. Ecclesiastes] Ecclsiastes 1509
To se of this worlde the extreme ende and day
20 This is my wyll and synguler askynge
As for thy royalme / forsoth I set no thynge

sig: [q6]
But yet this fole doth nat desyre this tyme i. Iohannis. i.
Of so longe lyfe / and yeres alway newe
To clens his mynde from all synfull cryme
25 Nor for the loue of goodnes or vertue
But rather that he his pleasour may ensue
And with his matis and felawes suche as he
To folowe ryot / delytys and enormyte.

To lyue in wantonnes and blynde lascy[u]yte
30 In pryde in Lechery and in couetyse
Suche settyth theyr myndes and theyr felycyte Luce sexto
Not ferynge hell whiche is rewarde of vyce.
Those dredefull dennys / in a right ferefull wyse
With fyres flamynge / and manyfolde tourment
35 Can nat suche folys / theyr synnes cause to stent

ref.ed: 217
O sleuthfull fole say why doste nat thou call Prouer. xiiij.
Unto thy mynde that this worldes wretchydnes
Is full of sorowe moche more bytter than gall
Uoyde of all ioy / all pleasour and swetnes
40 Why settest thou so moche by frayle delyciousnes
On vayne pleasours / whiche shall sothly decay Tullius de senectute.
Lyke as the sone meltyth the snowe away

Man note my [w]ordes and gyue to them credence wordes] mordes 1509
I say that pleasours and also ioyes mundayne
45 As it apereth playne by good euydence
Ar fylled with sorowe bytternes and payne Iob. xviij.
Without all rest quyete or certayne
And yet alas the worlde so doth men blynde
That it they loue and caste heuen out of mynde

50 Wherfore it hapneth full often as I fynde
That suche as foloweth shamefull wantonnes
Ungoodly luste / and statelynes of mynde
Shall ofte perceyue great shame and wretchydnes
And them most suffer / with great mundayne distres.
55 And better charges / and after must nede endure
Cruell deth whiche ende is of euery creature

The worlde shall passe: ye and all ioy mundayne Iob. vi.
Without all doute at last shall haue an ende
And euery-thynge outher fruytfull or barayne
60 Shall to the grounde outher firste or last discende
We se also that none can hym defende Ecclesiastes. iij.
From dethes dartis: and for conclusyon.
We dayly se many mennys confusyon.

sig: [q6v]
ref.ed: 218
We dayly se the fallys innumerable Sapientie. ij. et v.
65 And greuous deth as well of youth as age Iacobi. primo
Thus is this wretchyd worlde moche vnstable Luce. xij.
Wherfore me-thynke it is a great outrage
To trust therto / or for an vnsure stage
Or hye place of welth or worldy honour
70 The presence to despyse of our sauyoure

But without doute the tyme shall come and houre
Whan all mankynde shall se hym euydent
Some to theyr ioy / some to wo and doloure
None shall eskhape that rightwyse iugement.
75 But eche be rewardyd as he his tyme hath spent
So they that vertuously haue lyuyd here
Despysynge this worlde shall gladly there apere

But they that here haue led theyr lyfe in vyce
For to depart ar wo in herte and mynde
80 And ferefull to byde that sentence of iustyce Apo. xiiij. et xx.
Syns of theyr synne excuse they can none fynde Math. xxv.
But to conclude forsoth that fole is blynde
That for worldly welth / from god wolde hym deuyde
And for vayne clay / the hye heuyn set a_syde

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶O blynde man whiche hast thy moste felycyte
On worldy thynges / alas make clere thy mynde
What fyndest thou here / but great aduersyte
Wylt thou for it leue that heuenly ioy behynde
5 And where thou myght euerlastynge ryches fynde
Where-as is helth / endles lyfe and all good[n]es
Wylt thou forsake it for worldly wretchydnes

ref.ed: 219
¶Wylt thou heuyn compare with his paynfull lyfe
There-on to thynke thou art vnwyse certayne
10 There is concorde / here is no-thynge but stryfe
There is all rest / and here is care and payne
There is true loue: here is scorne and disdayne
There is all goodnes / here all yll and offence
Nowe chuse the best: here is great difference
sig: [q7]

Tumultus et confabulatio in ecclesia.
Accipitrem gestans ... prophana nihil.
sig: [q7v]
ref.ed: 220

¶Of them that make noyses rehersynges of talys and do other thynges vnlaufull and dishonest in the chirche of god.
¶A fole is he / and hath no mynde deuoute
And gyueth occasyon to men on hym to rayle.
Whiche goth in the chirche / his houndes hym aboute
Some rennynge / some fast tyed to his tayle
5 A hawke on his fyst suche one withouten fayle
Better were to be thens / for by his dyn and cry
He troublyth them that wolde pray deuoutly:

ref.ed: 221
YEt of mo folys fynde I a great nomber 'Y' of 'YEt' is guide letter in space set for large capital
Whiche thynke that it is no shame nor vylany
10 Within the chirche / the seruyce to encomber
With theyr lewde barkynge roundynge dyn and cry De immu. eccle. c. decet. li. vi. l. denunciamus.
And whyle good people ar praynge stedfastly
Theyr herte to good / with meke mynde and deuout
Suche folys them let / with theyr mad noyse and shout C. de his qui ad eccle. confu.

15 And whyle the prestis also them exercyse.
In matyns masse sermon or prechynge dyuyne
Or other due thynges that longe to theyr seruyce.
Techynge the people to vertue to enclyne
Than these folys as it were rorynge swyne
20 With theyr gettynge and talys of vycyousnes
Trouble all suche seruyce / that is sayd / more and les

sig: r1
In-to the churche than comys another sote
Without deuocyon gettynge vp and downe Prouer. v.
Or to be sene / and to showe his gardyd cote Treno. i.
25 Another on his fyst a Sparhauke or fawcon
Or els a Cokow / and so wastynge his shone
Before the auters he to and fro doth wander
With euyn as great deuocyon as a gander

In comys another his houndes at his tayle
30 With lynes and leshes and other lyke baggage.
His dogges barkyth / so that withouten fayle
The hole churche is troubled by theyr outrage
So innocent youth lernyth the same of age
And theyr lewde sounde doth the churche fyll.
35 But in this noyse the good people kepe them styll

ref.ed: 222
One tyme the hawkys bellys Ienglyth hye
Another tyme they flutter with theyr wynges
And nowe the houndes barkynge strykes the skye
Nowe sounde theyr fete / and nowe the chaynes rynges
40 They clap with theyr handes / by suche maner thynges
They make of the churche / for theyr hawkes a mewe
And Canell to theyr dogges / whiche they shall after rewe

So with suche folys is neyther peas nor rest
Unto the holy churche they haue no reuerence
45 But wander about to see who get may best
In rybawde wordes pryde and insolence
As mad-men they fere nat our sauyours presence
Hauynge no honour vnto that holy place
Wherin is gyuen to man euerlastynge grace

50 There ar handlyd pledynges and causes of the lawe
There ar made bargayns of dyuers maner thynges
Byenges and sellynges scant worth a hawe
And there ar for lucre contryuyd false lesynges
And whyle the prest his Masse or matyns synges
55 These folys whiche to the Churche do repayre
Ar chattynge and bablynge as it were in a fayre

Some gygyll and lawghe and some on maydens stare
And some on wyues with wanton countenaunce
As for the seruyce they haue small force or care
60 But full delyte them in theyr mysgouernaunce In autem vt lice ma. et a[u]ie. in fi. collatio. viii.
Some with theyr slyppers to and fro doth prance
Clappynge with their helys in chur[c]he and in quere churche] churhe 1509
So that good people can nat the seruyce here

sig: [r1v]
ref.ed: 223
What shall I wryte of maydens and of wyues Addicio translatoris Alexandri_barclay.
65 Of theyr roundynges and vngoodly comonynge
Howe one a sclaundre craftely contryues
And in the churche therof hath hyr talkynge
The other hath therto theyr erys lenynge
And than whan they all hath harde forth hir tale
70 With great deuocyon they get them to the ale

Thus is the churche defylyd with vylany
And in-stede of prayer and godly oryson
Ar vsyd shamefull bargayns and talys of rybawdry
Iettynges and mockynges and great derysyon
75 There fewe ar or none of perfyte deuocion
And whan our lorde is consecrate in fourme of brede
Therby walkes a knaue / his bonet on his hede

And whyle those wordes of consecracion
Ar sayde of the preste in goddes owne presence In consti. prouin. ti. de ce. missarum
80 Suche caytyfs kepe talys and communycacion
Fast by the auter / thynkynge it none offence C. linthiamina. veri saluatoris.
And where-as the angels ar ther with reuerence
Laudynge and worshyppynge our holy sauyour
85 These vnkynde caytyfs wyll scantly hym honour

Alas wherto shall any man complayne
For this foly and accostomed furour Iohannis. ij.
Syns none of them theyr fautes wyll refrayne
But ay procede in this theyr lewde errour
90 And nat withstandynge that Christ our sauyour
Hath left vs example / that none sholde mysdo
Within the chirche / yet inclyne we nat therto

ref.ed: 224
Ihonn the euangelyst doth openly expres.
Howe criste our sauyour dyd dryue out and expell Math. xxi.
95 From the Temple / suche as vsed there falsnes marci. xij.
And all other that therin dyd bye and sell Luce. xix.
Saynge as it after lyeth in the Gospell
Unto the Iues rebuke and great repreues
That of goddes house they made a den of theues

100 Remember this man / for-why thou dost the same
Defylynge goddes Chirche with synne and vanyte
Whiche sothly was ordeyned to halowe goddes name
And to lawde and worshyp the holy trynyte Eccle. xxi.
With deuout harte / loue / and all benygnyte Iohelis. ij.
105 And with all our myght our lorde to magnyfy Psal. i.
And than after all the heuenly company

sig: r2
For this cause hath god the holy chirche ordeyned
And nat for rybawde wordes and thynges vayne
But by vs chrysten men it is distayned.
110 Moche wors than euer / the Iewes dyd certayne
And if our lorde sholde nowe come downe agayne.
To dryue out of the churche suche as there do syn
Forsoth I thynke / right fewe sholde byde within

¶The enuoy to the reders.
¶O man that bostest thy-selfe in cristes name
Callynge the christen / se thou thy synne refuse
Remember well it is both synne and shame
The house of god / thus to defyle and abuse
5 But this one thynge causeth me oft to muse
That the false paynyms within theyr Temples be
To theyr ydols moche more deuout than we

De proteruo ac spontaneo periculo.
Qui cadit ... necemque tulit.
sig: [r2v]
Aetnęos quoniam ... pericla ferat.
ref.ed: 225

¶Of them that wyllynge and knowyngly put them-self in ieopardy and peryll.
sig: r3
¶He is a fole that wyll purchace and desyre
His owne deth or putteth hym-selfe in ieopardy
Lepynge in a well / or in a flamynge fyre
And where he myght lyue so dyeth wyllyngly
5 Suche suffer theyr destruccyon worthely
And if that they be drowned outher brent
It is to late them after to repent.

ref.ed: 226
I Fynde mo folys yet. whome I shall note Eccle. iij.
Suche ar they whiche pray both day and nyght
10 To god and his sayntes cryeng with open throte
O glorious god helpe me by thy great myght Math. vij.
That I may clens my herte and clere my syght
Wherby all foly and synne may fro me fall
But yet this fole it leuyth nat at all Luce. vi.

15 Suche folys oft pray for theyr amendement
Unto our lorde with syghynges sore and depe
But yet to synne contynually they assent
And after the same often complayne and wepe
Than say they playne that god hath had no kepe
20 Unto theyr prayer and taken of it no hede
But theyr owne foly is cause of theyr lewde dede

They se the peryll before theyr faces playne
That god hath ordeyned / for foly and for synne
They pray for helpe / and yet ar they full fayne
25 After the folys hode alway to ren
And besely laboure the same alone to wyn
So vnto god for helpe they cry and call
But they them-selfe wyll helpe no-thynge at all Iuuenalis

Than thynke they theyr prayers to god nat acceptable persius.
30 Bycause (anone) they haue nat all theyr wyll
And for that god is nat sone agreable
To here theyr cry and it graunt and fulfyll
These folys in theyr vyce contynue styll
And put theyr-selfe in wylfull ieopardy
35 And where they myght they fynde no remedy

ref.ed: 227
But these folys vnstabyll as the wynde
Prayeth vnto god and to his sayntis aboue
Nat knowynge what may content theyr folysshe mynde
Nor whether theyr askynge be for theyr behoue
40 But sothly this dare I both say and proue Math. xx.
And it auowe after my sympyll skyll Marci. x.
That neuer man shall syn without his wyll Ad Ro. viij.

sig: [r3v]
If that one with his owne wyll doth fall
Into a well to assay the ieopardy
45 Whan he is there. if he lowde crye and call
Bothe on god and man for helpe and remedy
He sekyth that peryll / and dyeth worthely
So were it foly to gyue hym corde or trayne
Or other engyne to helpe hym vp agayne

50 Whan suche folys ar sure vpon the grounde
Without all daunger / peryll hurt or fere
They lepe in the wel and yet fere to be drowned
Empedocles though he right myghty were Empedocles.
With suche lyke foly hym-selfe so sore dyd dere
55 That knowyngly and with his owne consent
Hymself he lost and by fyers fyre was brent

He lept hedelynge into the flamynge fyre
Of a brennynge hyll whiche callyd is Ethnay
To knowe the trouth / and nature to enquyre
60 Whether that same flame were very fyre or nay
So with his deth the trouth he dyd assay
But who that wolde hym drawen out of that hyll
Had ben a fole / syns it was his owne wyll

ref.ed: 228
For-why his mynde was blyndyd so certayne
65 That thoughe a man had hym delyuered than
The same peryll wolde he haue proued agayne
As mad as he forsoth is euery man
That is at eas / and hym nat so holde can
And also he that putteth hymselfe in drede
70 Or fere and peryll / where-as he hath no nede

So he that prayeth to god that he may get Prouer. xxviij.
The blysse of heuen / and scape infernall payne Eccle. [iij.] iij] 1509 omits et. xxxv. iij] 1509 omits
He is a fole his herte or mynde to set Esaie. i.
On frayle ryches / welth and ioy mundayne
75 On stedfast fortune / on lucre or on gayne
For certaynly these thynges of worldly welth
Oft man deuydeth away from heuenly helth

Thus he that prayeth for welth or for ryches
Or in this worlde hym-selfe to magnyfy
80 Prayeth for his hurt and cause of viciousnes
For worldly welth doth vyce oft multyply
So seke men theyr owne peryll wyllyngly
But who that prayeth / and can nat as he ought Luce. xx.
He bloweth in the wynde / and shall nat haue his thought

sig: [r4]
85 And who that to honour couetyse to ascende
Or to lyue in damnable voluptuosyte
He seketh his peryll for if that he descende
From welth and worshyp to payne and pouerte
It is but worthy / and let hym pacyent be
90 It to endure with mynde demure and meke
He is worthy sorowe that wyll it alway seke

ref.ed: 229

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Ye that fayne wolde escape all ieopardy
Auoyde suche thynges the whiche myght cause the same
To proue a peryll / is foly certaynly
Whether it be done in ernest or in game
5 They that so doth may theyr owne madnes blame
For he that is sure / and to a fray wyll ren
May fortune come home agayne / nosles or lame
And so it were better for to haue byd within

De via foelicitatis et futura peccatorum pęna
Multi stultitię ... ad orcum
sig: [r4v]
Et phlegetontęos ... aethraque paucos.
ref.ed: 230

¶Of the way of felycyte and godnes / and of the payne to come vnto synners.
sig: [r5]
¶Many in this lyfe the cart of syn doth drawe
By payne and labour / alway right dylygent
Norysshynge theyr syn agaynst all right and lawe
And alway lyuynge after one lyke assent
5 But whan they ar dede than shall theyr punysshement
In hell be dowblyd with cartis of whelys foure
Where-as they thought. deth shuld ende theyr laboure

ref.ed: 231
GOd suffreth nat eche vicious fole to knowe
The wonders that he made hath on this grounde Prouer. xiiij.
10 And dayly worketh. wherfore theyr syn soth growe Psal. xviii. et xl.
So that theyr foly them-selfe doth confounde Sapien. xiij.
And here theyr bodyes to great labours ar bounde
Sparynge no peryll for pleasour and for gayne
Than after deth haue they euerlastynge payne

15 So he that here lyueth in vyce and synne
Shall extreme dolour after deth endure Prouer. v.
Than what auantage is it for man to wyne Ecclesiastes. ij.
All [e]rthly tresour / and of hell payne be sure erthly] orthly 1509
But without dowt that wretchyd creature
20 Whiche goddes lawes wyll nat here holde and kepe
Shall after deth haue cause to wayle and wepe

And suche as here wyll nat knowe theyr sauyour
Obseruynge his preceptis and commaundement
Whiche god hathe ordeyned to saue vs from erroure Eccle. xij. et xl.
25 And vs commaundyd to kepe with clene intent
Ouer all the worlde. as rule moste excellent
To lyue godly. and who-so-euer he be Treuorum. iiij.
That foloweth in this worlde voluptuosyte

Or carnall lust ryot or other offence
30 Wastynge his tyme in syn and viciousnes
All suche in this worlde / by theyr blynde negligence
Drawe styll the cart of greuous besynes. Sapientie. xix.
With payne and charge and / whan this wretchydnes
Is past and gone / yet after this they shall
35 In hell endure great tourmentis eternall

ref.ed: 232
There shalt (thou fole) the charet drawe alway
With dowble paynes both tedyous and cruell
Wherfore thou fole retourne the I the pray. Seneca
Seke nat the way whiche ledeth vnto hell
40 With his foule dennes / more darke than tunge can tell Virgilius. vi. facilis discensus auerni.
And thoughe the way be esy streyght and playne
The ende is nought / I aduyse the tourne agayne

sig: [r5v]
The way to hell is greatly occupyed
The path is playne / and easy to ouergo Math. vij.
45 The dore ay open no entre is denyed
To suche as purpose in mynde to come therto
But at the ende therof is care and wo
With syghtis odyous and abhomynable
Yet in the way ar folkes innumerable

50 Thus is no meruayle though this way be playne
And greatly worne syns it is hantyd so prouer. ij. et. iiij.
By dyuers folys whiche haste them to that payne.
By way contynuall therto: but none therfro Virgilius. vi. enei noctes atque dies patet atri ianua ditis. Ecclesi. xxxij.
The dredefull dore to them that wyll in go
55 Both day and nyght is open / it doth forsake
No folys that wyll theyr iourney thyther take

But that way that to hye heuen doth lye
Is way of grace plesour / and all felycyte
In it suche walke as here lyue vertuously
60 And blessyd men / but nat suche as vyciouse be
Yet is it narowe / and full of difficulte
There is many a harde flynt brer and thorne
And no meruayle for it is nat greatly worne

ref.ed: 233
For why lewde people / whiche is the gretest sort Sapientie. v.
65 Forsake this way for the payne and hardnes Psal. vi.
But godly men therin haue chefe confort
With all that lyue by grace in rightwysnes
Suche well consyder that heuyns blessydnes
Can nat be gotten by pleasour rest nor eas
70 Wherfore this way can nat suche synners pleas

God so hath ordeyned that who wyll haue vertue
Must it obtayne with payne and dilygence
And great labour / whiche many nowe eschewe
Without it be to seke synne and offence
75 Fewe seke the way to christis hye presence Prouer. xiij. et xv.
Therby it hapneth that many a thousande Ezech. vij.
Fast rennyth leftwarde / but fewe on the right hande

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Alas man remembre heuens blyssednes
And though the way be harde that lyeth therto
Forsoke it nat for all that great sharpnes
For at the ende is lyfe and rest also
5 Euerlastynge glory with other ioyes mo
But who that taketh the other way certayne
Shall fynde at the ende eternall payne and wo
Thoughe the way thether be easy streyght and playne
sig: [r6]

Praua maiorum exempla.
Cum pater ... praua ferat.
sig: [r6v]
ref.ed: 234

¶Of the yll example of elders gyuyn vnto youth.
¶If that the fader and mother before theyr son
By anger or malyce brake / platter pot / or pan
The son in hande shall take some cauderon
And lerne to breke it if his small power can
5 Thus oft-tyme chyldren haue cause to curse or ban
Theyr frendes for suche example of lewdnes
For soner that they lerne than vertue or goodes

ref.ed: 235
YE aged men rotyd in folysshnes 'Y' of 'YE' is guide letter in space set for large capital
And folysshe parentis lewde of your langage Prouer. xxix.
10 Vnto our shyp swyftly your-selfe addres Iuuenalis
Syns ye be worthy therin to haue a stage Uale. li. ij. c. ij.
Nowe cast I repreues agaynst your outrage Sapientie. iiij
Whiche boldly bost you of your vnthryfty lyues Eccle. xli.
Before your maydes / your doughters and your wyues

15 Alas the folys of this mad company
By theyr example cause great inconuenyence
Before theyr children recountynge rybaudry Eccle. iiij.
Of suche as they haue had experyence.
So gyue they to them example of offence
20 And in that synne wheron they bost and vant
They make them perfyte whiche erst were ignorant

sig: s1
Theyr wordes ar voyde of shame and honestye Ecclesiastes. x.
Theyr lyfe is without mesure and reuerence
But yet they thynke that they moste worthy be
25 That moste can tell of this greuous offence
Thus all the youth that is in theyr presence
Or that doth here theyr vyce and rybawdry
Vnto the same with theyr full mynde aply

Thus theyr yonge children maners lernyth none
30 The wyfe hath occasyon to breke hir chastyte
So is the lyfe defyled of them echone
And to be playne / we often-tymes se
That of what maners the folysshe husbondes be
Suche ar theyr wyues / children and housholde
35 The yonge Cok lerneth to crowe hye of the olde

ref.ed: 236
A folysshe Father / full hardly shall ensyne
His sone to good lyfe or to good gouernaunce Prouer. xix. et. xxix.
For if the father to foly doth enclyne
The sone wyll folowe his father in that daunce
40 And if the father vse hasarde or the chaunce
Or any prohybyt and vnlawfull game Iuuenalis
Most comonly the sone wyll do the same

If that the husbonde be vycious of his lyfe
Wastfull or dronken / or vyle in his langage
45 His sonnes doughters / his seruauntes and his wyfe
Wyll lerne of hym to passe the same passage
And if the husbonde breke his maryage
If the wyfe knowe / in mynde she wyll be wroth
Without he haue a hode of the same cloth

50 An olde prouerbe hath longe agone be sayde
That oft the sone in maners lyke wyll be glo. in. l. quod si nolit. ff. de edic.
Vnto the Father / and in lyke wyse the mayde
Or doughter / vnto the mother wyll agre
So if the elders vse enormyte
55 And before theyr children bost them of the same
The sone and doughter shall folowe syre and dame

The monkes thynke it lawfull for to play
Whan that the Abbot bryngeth them the dyce glo. in. c. fi. de con. dis. v.
Right so the Father / can nought or lytell say
60 Agaynst the sone / nor hym blame or chastyce
If he hym-selfe be taken in that same vyce
Thus lyues the Father in synne withouten shame
And after his deth the sone shall do the same

sig: [s1v]
ref.ed: 237
O wretchyd maners o tyme full of furour
65 And full of foly without all hope to stent
Howe longe shall god our lorde and sauyour
This synne suffer without greuous punysshement
Alas it nowe apereth euydent
That the fathers foly synne and great outrage
70 Is left to the sonne as it were herytage

And no meruayle / for it hath neuer ben seen
That of a wolfe a shepe hath be forth brought
Or that a calfe or lambe gendred hath been
Of a fell tygre: right so if it were sought
75 Ouer all the worlde. a Father that is nought
Sholde scant be founde / whiche coude brynge vp his childe
With his synne in no maner poynt defylyd

The yonge crab bacwarde doth crepe or go
As doth the olde / none can hir cours redres Esopus in apol.
80 These yonge children for the moste part also
Foloweth theyr fathers synne and his lewdnes
But they that lyue in maners of mekenes Ecclesi. vij.
In honest lyfe / goodnes grace and chastyte
May brynge forth children of maners as they be

85 I rede howe the Phylosopher Diogenes
Sayde by a childe whiche dronken was with wyne Diogenes.
That his Father was in that case doutles
Whan he it gate / so his hye wyt dyuyne
Knewe that the childes maners dyd inclyne
90 Vnto his Fathers / and so was it founde trewe
By them whiche well that childes fader knewe

ref.ed: 238
But though the Father and mother also be nought
Without dout this one thynge apereth playne
That the childe is suche as it is vp brought
95 And nat lyghtly chaungyd without great charge or payne
Therfore let euery man hym-selfe refrayne
Within his hous from all-thynge worthy blame Eccle. xxxvij.
Than shall his children and seruautes do the same Prouer. xxii.

¶The enuoy of Barklay.
¶Ye that haue children or other great housholde
Subdued to your seruyce / and your obedyence
Kepe vertuous lyfe / for that is worth great golde
And great example to youth to auoyde offence
5 But if ye boost you of synne and neglygence
In rybawde wordes / gyue credence to this clause
If the herers fall into inconuenyence
Your lewde example is the chefe grounde and cause
sig: s2

De voluptate corporali.
Simplicitate rudes / ... honesta sequatur.
sig: [s2v]
ref.ed: 239

¶Of bodely pleasour or corporall voluptuosyte
¶Wanton wastfull and vayne voluptuosyte
Oft blyndeth attysynge vnto inconuenyence
Many that ar rude / for theyr symplycyte
And them as shepe sleeth for all theyr innocence
5 But other some it kepyth with myght and violence
As bulles bounde sure to endure great care
And other as byrdes it tangleth in hir snare
ref.ed: 240
DRawe nere ye folys to you I crye and call Prouer. vij.
Whiche ar of grace clene destytute and bare
10 Folowynge your lust and pleasour corporall
But for your soule ye take no thought ne care
To whome may I this shamefull lust compare
Saue to a harlat faynynge / fals and couetous. Iuuenalis
Of whome comyth shame and bytes venemous

15 She syttyth in the strete as past both shame and fere
Hir brestes bare to tempt them that passe by Ecclesiastes. ix.
Hir face anoyntyd blasynge abrode hir here
Or els on hir folysshe front enlaced hye
Hir smocke to garnysshyd so hir dysceytfull iye
20 To shamfull lust a thousande doth attyce
Of youth whiche erst perchaunce knewe nought of vyce

sig: s3
Hir chamber full of flatery and disceyte Ezech. xvi.
Anone is opened the blynde fole entreth in
The hoke of deth is hyd vnder the bayte
25 Of folysshe lust pleasour and mortall syn
Hir soule she sellyth ryches therby to wyne
And what riches: a rewarde sothly full vyle
The soules damneth and bodyes doth defyle

The one departyth / another comys in agayne Michee. i.
30 Without all shame dare she them boldly pray Prouer. xvii.
To hir fals pleasours / Thus by hir gyle and trayne
This folysshe youth to hir wyll nat denay
But vnto hir some lepe both nyght and day Eccle. xix.
Without mesure / rennynge to lese theyr lyfe
35 As ox or shepe vnto the bochers knyfe

ref.ed: 241
The symple lambe his necke doth out extende
Vnto the Bocher his mortall ennemy
So doth these folys / sekynge a shamefull ende
And theyr owne deth / though they myght fynde remedy
40 O blynde fole I requyre the to aply
Vnto my wordes and thou shalt here and se.
Howe moche thou oughtest this folysshe lust to fle

The soule it damneth / and drowneth depe in hell
The wyt it wastyth / and confoundeth the mynde Hiere. xli.
45 It causeth man his londe and good to sell
And if that he none other mene can fynde
To rob and stele he oft-tyme is inclyned
Besyde all these this fowle lust is so vyle
That with fowle sauour it shall thy body fele

50 Thoughe of lewde lust the ioy be short and small
And thoughe the pleasour therof be soon ouer-past Prouer. v.
The payne that foloweth it / is eternall
With wofull dolour menglyd / that euer shall last
Therfore leue of: do nat thy pleasour cast Ecclesiastes. ij.
55 On worldly welth / delyte ioy and pleasour
For soon they pas and chaunge at euery hour Luce. viij.

Who that in this wretchyd worlde wyll auoyde Prouer. viij. et. xiij.
Of voluptuousnes the ioyes frayle and vayne
And suffre nat hym with them to be acloyde Ecclesi. i.
60 Infect or drownyd / shall for the same certayne
Euerlastynge lyfe / and endles ioy obtayne
And for his hye tryumphe and dyuyne prudence
Haue the fruycyon of goddes hye presence

sig: [s3v]
ref.ed: 242
But who that wyll his carnall lust ensue
65 Shall here haue shame / and after payne cruell
I coude hereof dyuers examples shewe
But of right many this one I shall you tell
One Sardanapalus all other dyd excell.
In carnall lust and so his mynde dyd cast Sardanapalus
70 On loue prohybyte / that grace was fro hym past Iusti. li. i.

The loue of vertue was full out of his mynde
So he concludyd to sue dilyciousnes
Thynkynge after deth no welth nor ioy to fynde
For this is the sentence of the prynce of derknes Michee. vi.
75 But [god] almyghty seynge his vycyousnes god] good 1509
His body and soule deuydyd soon in twayne
From wordly pleasour vnto infernall payne

By this hystory to vs it apereth playne
That from worldly pleasour and voluptuosyte
80 With all our myght we ought vs to refrayne
For thoughe the first of them delycious be
Theyr ende is poyson / and of sournes plente
Sue wyse men vertue / and set suche lust asyde
For they ar folys that in it lyue and byde

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Amende mad-men your blynde mysgouernaunce
Subdue nat your necke to the captyuyte
Of flysshely lust and corporall pleasaunce
Nor to blynde Venus with hir lasciuyte
5 (If ye it note) ye dayly here and se
The mysfortune of them that it ensue
And certaynly no man can saued be
By carnall lust / but by godly vertue

Archana esse recondenda.
Qui non in tacito ... fortissimus heros:
sig: [s4]
Non oculis ... seruare studebo.
ref.ed: 243

¶Of folys that can nat kepe secrete theyr owne counsell.
¶Of other Foles a nomber yet I fynde
Which by theyr bablynge wordes and langage
Can nat kepe close the secrete of theyr mynde.
But all theyr counsel out they shewe at large.
5 So that oft therof procedeth great damage.
As Murder / myschefe / hatered and debate.
That after they repent. But than it is to late.

sig: [s4v]

ref.ed: 244
HE is a naturall fole and vndiscrete
And to hym-selfe ingendryth oft great stryfe
10 Whiche can nat hyde his counsell and secrete
But by his foly it sheweth to his wyfe Seneca in moralibus.
And all that he hath done in his hole lyfe
Or that to do here-after he doth purpose Iob. xxviij. et. xviij.
To euery man suche a fole wyll disclose

15 The noble Sampson moste excellent of myght Eccle. xxix.
And strongest man that euer was get or borne Catho.
Were nat this foly: sholde nat haue lost his syght Iudicum. xiiij. et xvi.
Nor had his here / by gyle from his hede ofshorne
And of his ennemyes ben laughyd vnto scorne
20 And at the last with herte wrethfull and wo
His ennemyes murdred and hym-selfe also

Where-as he myght haue lyued in honour
If he had kept his secretes in his mynde
With his owne wyll he dyed in great dolour.
25 By the fals treason of his lemman vnkynde
We may in dyuers mo examples fynde
Howe many thousandes haue suffred paynes smart
And all for shewynge the secretes of theyr hart

sig: [s5]
Amphiaraus a Prynce moste excellent Stacius in theb.
30 Shortened the dayes of his pore doutfull lyfe
For shewynge the preuetees of his intent
By his owne foly to his disceytfull wyfe
And thoughe he longe escaped had the stryfe
And war of Thebes whiche he dyd longe defende
35 Yet at the leest his tunge was his owne ende

ref.ed: 245
Thus olde storyes doth oft recorde and tell
By theyr examples whiche they vnto vs gyue Ecclesiastes. x.
That wymen ar no kepars of councell
It goeth through them as water t[h]rough a syue through] trough 1509
40 Wherfore let them that quyetly wolde lyue
No more of theyr counsell to any woman showe Ecclesi. xix.
Than that they wolde that euery man dyd knowe

Let euery man that is discrete and sage
Of suche folys with all wysdome be ware
45 Whiche shewe theyr counsell by theyr hasty langage.
To euery man without all thought and care Prouer. xxi.
For they of wysdome and reason ar but bare
And who that his owne secrete wyll forth tell
Howe sholde he hyde another mannes counsell

50 Yet other be whiche by theyr flaterynge trayne
Labour to knowe euery mannys pryuete Horatius in epistolis.
And by and by to shewe it forth agayne
Of them be ware for they discey[t]full be. disceytfull] disceyfull 1509
Some other bost them of theyr felycyte
55 Bablynge that they haue theyr wyll in euery-thynge
As prosperous welth loue / ryches and cunnynge

And of great dedes done both on see and londe Prouer. xxviij
Some by theyr falshode / some by strength and vertue
But if one laboured the trouth to vnderstonde
60 Suche folysshe wordes sholde all be founde vntrewe
Let neuer man to suche his counsell shewe
For of one worde these folys makyth twayne
Whiche tourneth many to losse rebuke and payne

ref.ed: 246
Wherfore if thou wylt that thy pryuete Seneca.
65 Be kept secrete and nat come out at large
Be nat so folysshe to showe it vnto me
Or any other if it be thynge of charge
And if thou do thou shalt be in this barge
For howe wylt thou thynke that another man
70 Can kepe thy counsell syns thou thy-self ne can

sig: [s5v]
If the kynge Achab had nat vttred and tolde iij. regum. xxi.
Unto his wyfe his wyll and mynde so playne
By hir fals treason / and dysceyt manyfolde
Unrightwysly Nabot had nat ben slayne
75 But for the same / Achab suffred great payne
By deth in batayle / and for a punysshment
His wyfe with houndes was all to_torne and rent

Thus it apereth that he is wyse and ware Prouer. xxv.
Whiche can his counsell kepe within his hart
80 For by that mean may he escape great care
And suerly lyue without yll-wyllys dart
The Prophete seynge what dyuers paynes smart Esaie. xxiiij.
Comyth oft to them whiche doth theyr secret tell
Eche man exortyth to kepe close his counsell.

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Thou man that hast thy secret in thy brest
Holde it styll there suffer it nat out to go
Who that so doth / therby shall fynde great rest
Ne to thy frende shewe nat thy mynde also
5 For if that he after become thy fo
As often hapneth / than myght he the bewry
So sholde thy foly tourne vnto thy great wo
Howe-be-it suche thynges are prouyd comonly.

Vxorem ducere propter opes.
Diuitias propter ... aratra thori.
sig: [s6]
Iustitia et ... esse pecus.
ref.ed: 247

¶Of yonge folys that take olde wymen to theyr wyues / for theyr ryches.
¶Within our shyp that fole shall haue a hode
Whiche an olde wyfe taketh in maryage
Rather for hir ryches and hir worldly gode
Than for pure loue / or hope to haue lynage
5 But suche youth as mary them-selfe with age
The profyte and pleasour of wedlocke lese certayne
And worthely lyue in brawlynge stryfe and payne.

ref.ed: 248
UNder the Asse-tayle thoughe it be no-thynge pure Iuuenalis
Yet many seke and grope for the vyle fatnes i. ad corinth. vij.
10 Gatherynge togyther the fowle dunge and ordure Prouer. xix.
Suche ar they that for treasour and ryches
Whyle they ar yonge in theyr chefe lustynes
An agyd woman taketh to theyr wyfe
Lesynge theyr youth / and shortynge so theyr lyfe

15 They that so do hath neyther rest nor peas
But besy brawlynge and stryfe contynuall
They haue no pleasour / but thought and great dyseas
Rebuke out-braydynge / and strypes whan they fall Iuuenalis
But theyr owne foly is grounde and cause of all Prouer. xix.
20 For they be maryd unto the vyle treasour
And precious bagges / but nat for godly pleasour

sig: [s6v]

They haue no hope of children nor lynage Prouer. v. in fi.
Loue is there none / and durynge theyr wretchyd lyfe
Is nat one day in suche mad maryage
25 Auoyde of brawlynge / of hatered and of stryfe
But that pore man that weddeth a ryche wyfe
Cast in his nose shall styll hir bagges fynde Prouer. ix.
For whose cause he [mad] was made and blynde mad] made 1509

They that ar weddyd nat for loue but rychesse Eccle. xix.
30 Of m[a]ryage despysynge the pleasour and profyte maryage] moryage 1509
Suche seldome sauour fortunes happynes
But oft mysfortune them greuously doth byte
Thus gone is theyr pleasour theyr ioy and delyte
And for vayne treasoure suche ar so glad and fayne
35 That for the same they them subdue to payne

ref.ed: 249
They wyllyngly to payne them-selfe subdue
The whiche ar weddyd for wretchyd couetyse
They take no hede to maners and vertue
To honeste nor wysdome but lyue ay in malyce
40 For if a woman be fowle and full of vyce
And lewde of maners / nought both to man and lad
Yet good shall hir mary be she neuer so bad Iuuenalis

sig: t1
If that a man of hye or lowe degre Prouer. vij.
Wolde spouse his doughter vnto a strange man Ecclesi. x.
45 He nought inquyreth of his honestye
Of his behauour / nor if he norture can
But if he be ryche in londes and good: than
He shall be prayed his doughter for to haue
Thoughe [he] be but a bonde-man or a knaue he] 1509 omits

50 The firste enquyrynge and speciall questyon Iuuenalis
Is of the money / that thynge namely they moue
And last of all aske they the condicion
So whan they mete they neuer haue perfyte loue
Wherfore it were better to suche for theyr behoue Prouer. xxi.
55 To byde alone in deserte and wyldernes
Than in wedloke in payne for frayle ryches

Forsoth it is an vnmete maryage
And disagreynge and moche agaynst the lawe
Bytwene fresshe youth / and lame vnlusty age
60 The loue bytwene them is scantly worth a strawe
So doth the one styll on the other gnawe
And oft the man in mynde doth sore complayne.
His sede to sowe vpon a grounde barayne

ref.ed: 250
Than muste he haue another prymme or twayne
65 With them to slake his wanton yonge cowrage Prouer. xxv.
But in that space must he endure great payne Eccle. xxv.
With hir that he hath tane in maryage
Hir bablynge tunge whiche no man can asswage
With wrathfull wordes shall sle hym at the laste
70 His other prymes his good shall spende and waste

Thus who that selleth his youthes lustynes
For frayle ryches and this mundayne vanyte
He byeth stryfe / gyle and falshode endlesse
Suche force nat for fayth true loue nor honestye
75 And thoughe that he discende of hye degre
For hope of money he shall an olde fole wed
By whose foly he to euery yll is led.

And so these folys subdue them to bondage Ecclesiastes. xii.
And worthely endure suche payne and punysshement
80 They hope therby to come to auantage
But that they lese and lyue in sore tourment
They wast theyr good / and so whan that is spent
And nought remayneth theyr bodyes to relefe
Theyr disputacion is nought but hore and thefe

sig: [t1v]
85 But if I sholde wryte all the vnhappynes
The wrath discorde and the great deuysyon
Wherin they lyue / that mary for ryches
And nat for loue. I neuer sholde haue done
Wherfore this say I for a conclusyon
90 That he shall neuer thryue ne come to his behoue
That weddyth a wyfe for gode and nat for loue
ref.ed: 251

¶The enuoy of Barklay.
¶Alas man myndles what is thyne intent
To wed for ryches / that weddynge I defy
Maryage was ordeyned by god omnypotent
In goddes lawes the worlde to multyply
5 Wherfore that man that wyll therto aply
And wolde haue the profyte of faythfull maryage
This worldly ryches ought no-thynge to set by
But wed for loue and hope to haue lynage

¶Remember ryches is no-thynge comparable
10 To mekenes vertue and discrete gouernaunce
And other maners whiche ar more commendable
Than worldly treasour or suche vnsure substaunce
Wherfore consyder and call to thy remembraunce
That better is to haue some woman pore and bare
15 And lyue in eas: Than one with habundaunce
Of great ryches: and euer to lyue in care

De liuore et inuidia.
Inuidię telum ... mordere: quietem
sig: t2
Nullam agitat ... sapiensque bonusque.
ref.ed: 252

¶Of enuyous Folys.
sig: [t2v]
¶Yet ar mo folys whiche greatly them delyte
In others losse / and that by fals enuy
Wherby they suche vnrightwysly bacbyte
The dartis of suche ouer all the wordly flye
5 And euer in fleynge theyr fethers multyply
No state in erth therfro can kepe hym sure
His sede encreasyth as it wolde euer endure

ref.ed: 253
WAstynge enuy oft styreth to malyce Eccle. xiiij.
Folys nat a fewe whiche ar therto enclynyd Horatius in epistolis.
10 Pryckynge theyr frowarde hertes vnto vyce xlvi. dis. clericus
Of others damage reioysynge in theyr mynde
Enuyes darte doth his begynnynge fynde
In wrathfull hertes / it wastyth his owne nest
Nat suffrynge other to lyue in eas and rest

15 If one haue plenty of treasour and ryches Salustius.
Or by his merytis obteyne great dignyte Prouer. xxviij.
These folys enuyous that of the same haue les Cicero.
Enuy by malyce / the others hye degre Eccle. xiiij.
And if another of honour haue plente
20 They it enuy and wysshe that they myght sterue
Howe-be-it suche folys can nat the same deserue

These folys desyre agaynst both lawe and right
Anot[h]ers good if they may get the same Anothers] Anoters 1509 Ouidius. i. meth. Ouidius. i. meth.
If they may nat by flaterynge nor by myght
25 Than by fals malyce they hym enuy and blame
Outher if one by his vertue hath good name Prouer. xxiij.
By fals enuy these foles hym reproue
Their wrath them blyndeth so that they none can loue

The wounde of this malycious / fals enuy
30 So dedely is / and of so great cruelte
That it is incurable and voyde of remedy
A man enuyous hath suche a properte
That if he purpose of one vengyd to be
Or do some mysche[f] / whiche he reputyth best myschef] mysche 1509
35 Tyll it be done / he neuer hath eas nor rest

ref.ed: 254
No slepe / no rest nor pleasour can they fynde
To them so swete / pleasaunt and delectable
That may expell this malyce from theyr mynde
So is enuy a vyce abhomynable
40 And vnto helth so frowarde and damnable
That if it onys be rotyd in a man
It maketh hym lene. his colour pale and wan

sig: t3
Enuy is pale of loke and countenaunce Descripcio inuidie ex ouidio.
His body lene of colour pale and blewe
45 His loke frowarde / his face without pleasaunce
Pyllynge lyke scalys / his wordes ay vntrue
His iyen sparklynge with fyre ay fresshe and newe
It neuer lokyth on man with iyen full
But euer his herte by furious wrath is dull

50 Thou mayst example fynde of this enuy Ioseph geneseos. xxxvij.
By Ioseph whome his bretherne dyd neuer beholde
With louynge loke / but sharpe and cruelly
So that they hym haue murdred gladly wolde
I myght recount examples manyfolde
55 Howe many by enuy lost hath theyr degre
But that I leue bycause of breuyte

Enuyous folys ar stuffed with yll-wyll
In them no myrth nor solace can be founde Eccle. lxviij.
They neuer laughe but if it be for yll
60 As for gode lost or whan some shyp is drounde
Or whan some hous is brent vnto the grounde
But whyle these folys on other byte and gnawe
Theyr enuy wastyth theyr owne herte and theyr mawe

ref.ed: 255
The mount of Ethnay though it brent euer styll
65 Yet (saue itselfe) it brenneth none other thynge Alanus.
So these enuyous Folys by theyr yll-wyll
Wast theyr owne herte / thoughe they be ay musynge
Another man to shame and losse or hurt to brynge
Upon them-sellfe Thus tournyth this yll agayne
70 To theyr destruccion both shame great losse and payne

This fals enuy by his malycious yre
Doth often / bretherne so cursedly inflame
That by the same the one of them conspyre Lucanus.
Agaynst the other without all fere and shame
75 As Romulus and Remus excellent of fame
Whiche byldyd Rome / but after: enuy so grewe
Bytwene them that the one the other slewe

What shall I wryte of Cayme and of Abell
Howe Cayme for murder suffred great payne and wo
80 Atreus story and Theseus cruell.
Ar vnto vs example hereof also
Ethyocles with his brother: and many mo
Lyke as the storyes declareth openly
The one the other murdred by enuy
sig: [t3v]

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
Wherfore let hym that is discrete and wyse
This wrathfull vyce exyle out of his mynde
And yll on none by malyce to surmyse
Let charyte in perfyte loue the bynde
5 Sue hir preceptis than shalt thou confort fynde
Loue in this lyfe / and ioy whan thou art past
Where-as enuy thy conscyence shall blynde
And both thy blode and body mar and wast thy] they 1509

De impacientia correctionis
Tibia cum fatuo / ... nocumenta ministrant.
sig: [t4]
Est sapiens ... ab annis.
ref.ed: 256

¶Of impacient Folys that wyll nat abyde correccion.
¶Unto our Folys shyp let hym come hastely
Whiche in his Bagpype hath more game and sport
Than in a Harpe or Lute more swete of melody
I fynde vnnumerable Folys of this sort
5 Whiche in theyr Bable haue all they hole confort
For it is oft sayd of men both yonge and olde
A fole wyll nat gyue his Babyll for any golde

ref.ed: 257
THe grettest synners that man may se or fynde Prouer. xxiij.
In myserable Folys theyr foly to expres Ecclesi. xxii.
10 Is whan they wyll by no mean gyue theyr mynde
To frendly wordes / to grace or to goodnes
Suche folys so set theyr mynde on frowardnes
That though one gyue them counsell sad and wyse
They it disdayne and vtterly dispyse

sig: [t4v]
15 But he that is discrete sad and prudent Prouer. ij. et. xviij.
Aplyeth his mynde right gladly to doctryne
He hereth wyse men / his wysdome to augment
He them doth folowe and to theyr wordes enclyne
But that fole whiche ay goeth to ruyne.
20 And mortall myschefe had leuer be dede or slayne
Than byde correccyon or for his profyte payne

Suche haue suche pleasour in theyr mad folysshe pype Prouer. x.
That they dispyse all other melody. Ecclesi. xv.
They leuer wolde dye folys than: byde a strype
25 For theyr correccyon and specyall remedy
And without dout none other Armony Prouer. xxiiij. et. xxvi.
To suche folys is halfe so delectable
As is their folysshe bagpype and theyr babyll

These frantyke folys wyll byde no punysshement
30 Nor smale correccion / for theyr synne and offence
No frendly warnynge can chaunge theyr yll intent
For to abyde it / they haue no pacyence.
They here no wysdome but fle from hir presence
And so it hapnyth that in the worlde be
35 Mo folys than men of wyt and grauyte

ref.ed: 258
O mortall fole remember well what thou art Sapien. vij. x. et. xv.
Thou art a man of erth made and of clay
Thy dayes ar short and nede thou must depart Ad Roma. vi.
Out of this lyfe / that canst thou nat denay
40 Yet hast thou reason and wyt wherby thou may Ecclesi. xxv.
Thy-selfe here gyde by wysdome ferme and stable Psal. c.xviij.
Wherby thou passest all bestis vnresonable

Thou art made lorde of euery creature
All-thynge erthly vnto thyne obedyence
45 God hath the creat vnto his owne fygure
Lo is nat here a great preemynence
God hath also gyuyn vnto the intellygence
And reason and wyt all foly to refuse.
Than art thou a fole that reason to abuse

50 He that is fre outher in subieccion.
If by his foly he fall into offence
And than submyt hym vnto correccyon.
All men shall laude his great obedyence
But if that one by pryde and insolence
55 Supporte his faute and so bere out his vyce
The hell tourmentis hym after shall chastyce

sig: [t5]
Correccyon shall the vnto wysdome brynge
Whiche is more precious than all erthly ryches
Than londes rentis or any other thynge
60 Why dost thou bost the of byrth or noblenes
Of ryches / strength beauty or fayrnes
These often ar cause of inconuenyence. Eccle. iii. et xvij
Where-as all good comyth by wysdome and prudence

ref.ed: 259
A wyse man onely as we often fynde Tullius in para.
65 Is to be named moste ryche and of most myght
Here thou his wordes and plant them in thy mynde Eccle. vij.
And folowe the same for they ar sure and right.
Better is to endure / thoughe it be nat lyght
To s[u]ffer a wyse man the sharply to repreue
70 Than a flaterynge fole to clawe the by the sleue

Thoughe sharpe correccyon at the first the greue Iob. ij.
Thou shalt the ende therof fynde profytable Iob. xxviij.
It oft apereth / therfore I it byleue Psal. xviij.
That man also forsoth is fortunable prouer. i. et. viij.
75 Whiche here in fere lyueth sure and stable Math. xi. et. xxiij.
And in this lyfe is clene of his intent
Ferynge the sharpe payne of hellys punysshement

He may hym-selfe right happy call also
Whiche is correct in his first tender age
80 And so lernyth in [godes] law to go godes] goodes 1509
And in his yocke / whiche doth all yll asswage
But these folys bydynge in theyr outrage
Whiche of correccyon in this lyfe hath dysdayne
May fere to be correct in hell with endles payne

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶Ye obstynate folys that often fall in vyce
Howe longe shall ye kepe this frowarde ignoraunce
Submyt your myndes / and so from synne aryse
Let mekenes slake your mad mysgouernaunce
5 Remembre that worldly payne is greuaunce
To be compared to hell whiche hath no pere
There is styll payne / this is a short penaunce
Wherfore correct thy-selfe whyle thou art here.

De fatuis medicis et empericis.
sig: [t5v]
Artem qui ... fatuusque simul.
sig: [t6]
ref.ed: 260

¶Of folysshe Fesycyans and vnlerned that onely folowe practyke
practyke] paractyke 1509
knowynge nought of the speculacyon of theyr faculte.
¶Who that assayeth the craft of medycyne
Agaynst the seke and paynfull pacyent
And hath no insyght cunnynge nor doctryne
To gyue the seke / helth and amendement
5 Suche is a fole / and of a mad intent
To take on hym by Phesyke any cure
Nat knowynge of man / nor herbe the right nature

ref.ed: 261
YEt be mo folys vpon the grounde and londe 'Y' of 'YEt' is guide letter in space set for large capital
Whiche in our Shyp may clayme a rowme and place
10 Suche be Phesycians that no-thynge vnderstonde Domine. etc. I[u]sti. de. le. ac. qui imperitia. ff. de re ra. imperitia. xxix. dis. c. fi.
Wandrynge about in euery towne and place
Uysytynge the seke whiche lyue in heuy case
But nought they relefe of those paynes harde
But gape alway after some great rewarde

15 Suche that haue practyse and nought of speculatyfe
Whan they go vysyte some paynfull pacyent
Whan they hym note sure to forgo his lyfe
Without all hope of any amendement
sig: [t6v]
Yet say they other than is in theyr intent
20 That his diseas is no-thynge incurable
So that the pacyent to hym be agreable

Sayth the Phesycyan whan he hath his rewarde Seneca de clemen ad nero.
Abyde a whyle tyll I my bokes ouer-se
Wherby I may relyue thy paynes harde Eccle. x. et. xliiij.
25 Than from the pacyent homewarde departyth he
To se his bokes but if the pacyent dye Prouer. vi.
In that meane space the medycyne is to late
So may he lay it to his owne folysshe pate

The speculacion sholde he before haue sene
30 For that in Phesyke is chefe and pryncypall /
Yet many ar that vse the craft I wene Eccle. xxxviii.
Whiche of the cunnynge knowe lytell or nought at all Io. an de sen. ex. c. i. li. vi.
A herbe or wede that groweth vpon a wall
Beryth in it these folys medycyne.
35 None other bokes haue they nor doctryne

ref.ed: 262
Nor none they rede to haue the true scyence
Or perfyte knowlege and grounde of medycyne
They rede no volumes of the experyence
Of Podalirius nor Mesues doctryne
40 Suche folys disdayne theyr myndes to enclyne
Unto the doctryne of bokes of Auycen
Of ypocras and parfyte galyen

But all the substance of theyr blynde faculte Sapien. xij.
They take in bokes that speke of herbes only
45 Without respect had to theyr properte
Or operacion so often they them aply
To fals doctrynes / but first and specyally
These olde wyues therwith wyll haue to do
Thoughe they nought knowe that doth belonge therto

50 They dare be bolde to take on them the cure
Of them diseasyd howe-be-it that they nat can
Suche thynge discerne as longyth to nature
What is for woman good / and what for man
So oft they ende moche wors than they began
55 That the pore pacyent is so brought to his graue
Yet dyuers suters suche folysshe wytches haue

Suche wytches boldly dare afferme and say glo. in. c. fi. xxix. dis.
That with one herbe they hele can euery sore
Under euery syne plenete / houre and day
sig: v1
60 Yet besyde this they boldly dare say more
That it that helyth a man aged and hore
Shall helpe also a woman or a childe
Thus many thousandes oft ar by them begyled

ref.ed: 263
They say also in this our charge or cure Seneca.
65 What nedes it note the synes or fyrmament
The cause of thynges / or the strength of nature
Whether that the seke be stronge or impotent
They gyue one medesyn to euery pacyent
And if it fortune it be to colde or warme
70 The faythles wytche in hande goth with hir scharme scharme=charm

Say folysshe Surgyan by what experyence
Or whose Doctryne discyplyne or lore
Takest thou on the / nought knowynge of scyence Sapien. i.
With one Salue or plaster / to heale euery sore
75 Yet so thou thynkest / I the compare therfore
Unto a lawyer that of his craft nought can
And yet presumeth to counsell euery man

A lawer and a Phesician ar both lyke
Of theyr condicion and both insue one trayne Addicio alexandri_barklay.
80 The one begylyth the pacyent and seke
Takynge his god for to encreas his payne
The other labours and cauteles oft doth fayne
To clawe the coyne by craft from his clyent
Castynge hym of whan all his good is spent

85 Thus thryues the lawer by anothers good
Iniustly gotten / disceyuynge his clyent
Also some other ar callyd Phesicians good
Whiche vtterly disceyue the pacyent
If he haue money than hath he his intent
90 And if the seke haue store ynough to pay
Than shall the cure be dryuen from day to day

ref.ed: 264
So if the lawer may any auauntage wyn
He shall the cause from terme to terme defarre
The playntyf for a player is holde in.
95 With the defendaunt kepynge open warre
So laweyers and Phesicians thousandes do marre
And whan they no more can of theyr suers haue
The playntyf beggyth / the seke is borne to graue

But of these lawyers bycause I spoke before
100 Of folysshe Phesicians here onely I intende.
sig: [v1v]
Somwhat to say: And of lawers no more
On you Phesicians shall I conclude and ende
I say no man may hym so well defende
That he for murder may auoyde punysshement
105 Yet may Phesicians / sleynge the pacient

Thus thou that of Phesycian hast the name
If thou nought knowe of perfyte medycyne
It is forsoth to thy rebuke and shame
To boste the scyence: nat hauynge the doctryne
110 Therfore I counsell that thou thy mynde inclyne
To haue the cunnynge / els certaynly thou shall
Haue thy blynde craft and lyue a fole with all.

¶The enuoy of the tra[n]slatour.
translatour] traslatour 1509
¶Thou blynde Phesician that of thy craft nought can
Leue of thy lewdnes and bolde audacyte
To take on the: the cure of chylde or man
For by thy foly the wors myght they be
5 And ye that suerly perceyue your faculte
Be true therin / and auaryce from you cast
Shame is to brynge a man to pouertye
And than in paynes to leue hym at the last

De secularis potentię exitu.
Non fuit in terris ... castra / virosque:
sig: v2
Atque rates ... vnus erit.
ref.ed: 265

¶Of the ende of worldly honour and power and of Folys that trust therin.
sig: [v2v]
¶On erth was neuer degre so excellent
Nor man so myghty: in ryches nor scyence
But at the ende all hath ben gone and spent
Agaynst the same no man can make defence
5 Deth all-thynge drawyth / ferefull is his presence /
It is last ende of euery-thynge mundayne
Thus mannys fortune of cours is vncertayne

ref.ed: 266
O Creatures of myndes mad and blynde Iob. xv.
I wonder of your hertis proude and eleuate Eccle. ix. et. xxix.
10 Whiche on vayne power set so sore your mynde Iuuenalis in satyra omnibus in terris.
And trust so moche to your vnsure estate
As of your lyfe were neyther yere nor date
To worldly worshyp ye stedfast[l]y intende stedfastly] stedfasty 1509 Ecclesiastes. xi. Ecclesiastes. xi.
As if your lyfe sholde neuer-more come to ende

15 Alway ye labour to come to dignyte
And oft by falshode your power to augment
Alas fewe ar content with theyr degre
But by extorcion spoyle the pore innocent
On worldly treasour so set is theyr intent
20 And styll to honour as besely to ascende
As if theyr lyfe sholde neuer-more come to ende

Take thou example by Iulius cesar Cesar Iulius.
That of the worlde durynge a whyle was sure
And many kynges subduyd by myght of warre
25 And of the Empyre had lordshyp charge cure
But this his myght great space dyd nat endure
And whyle he trustyd yet hyer to ascende
By cruell deth he soon came to his ende

Right in lyke wyse the myghty Darius
30 Was kynge of Persy a realme moche excellent Darius rex persarum. i. mach. i.
Yet was his mynde so greatly co[u]etus
That with the same helde he hym nat content
But warred on other Royalmes adiacent
So whan his myght coude nat therto extende
35 His owne Royalme he loste and so came to his ende

ref.ed: 267
And also Xerxes in ryches abundant Xerxes de quo Iuuenalis et Herodotus lv.
Was longe in peas and great tranquyllyte
And in his Royalme was hye and tryumphant
As longe as he was content with his degre
40 Than had he pleasour and great felycyte.
To assay by warre his kyngdome to amende
But all he lost and so came to his ende

sig: v3
Whyle Nabugodonosor kynge of Babylone Nabuchodonosor daniel . iij.
In vnsure fortune set to great confydence
45 Commaundynge honour vnto hym to be done
As vnto god: with all humble reuerence
God by his power and hye magnyfycence
Made hym a beste / for that he dyd offende
And so in proces of tyme came to his ende

50 Alexander the great and myghty conquerour Alexander_magnus Iuuenalis.
To whome all the worlde scantly myght suffyse
Of Grece was the origynall lorde and Emperour
And all the w[or]lde subdued as I surmyse worlde] wrolde 1509
Yet hath he done as is the comon gyse
55 Left all behynde / for nought coude hym defende
But as a symple man at the last came to his ende

The myghty Cresus with his kyngdomes and store Cresus herodotus. li. i.
Of golde and ryches hym-selfe coude nat content
But whyle he trustyd and laboured for more
60 Fortune hym fayled: So lost he his intent. Cyrus Herodotus et Iustinus li. i.
What shall I wryte of Cyrus excellent
Drynkynge his blode by deth whiche fortune sende
Lo here-of states the comon deth and ende

ref.ed: 268
All kyngdomes dekay and all estate mundayne
65 Example of Rome Cartago and Mycene Ecclesi x.
Of Solyme Tyre grace and Troy moste souerayne
None of these places ar nowe as they haue ben Ecclesi. xlix.
Nor none other ouer the worlde as I wene Iob. ij.
Thus shortly to speke and all to comprehende Apoca. xviij.
70 All worldly thynges at last shall haue an ende. Sapientie. vij.

¶The enuoy of Barklay to the Folys.
¶O man that hast thy trust and confydence
Fyxed on these frayle fantasyes mundayne
Remember at the ende there is no difference
Bytwene that man that lyued hath in payne
5 And hym that hath in welth and ioy souerayne
They both must dye their payne is of one sort
Both ryche and pore / no man can deth refrayne
For dethes dart expellyth all confort

¶Say where is Adam the fyrst progenytour Geneseos. v.
10 Of all mankynde is he nat dede and gone Hec prima mundi etas est
And where is Abell of innocence the flour
With adamys other sonnes euerychone
A: dredfull deth of them hath left nat one
Where is Mathusalem / and Tuball that was playne Gene. v.
sig: [v3v]
15 The first that played on Harpe or on Orgone Gene. v. longeuissimus mortalium.
Ilz sont tous mortz ce monde est choce vayne

¶Where is iust Noy and his ofsprynge become Secunda etas.
Where is Abraham and all his progeny
As Isaac and Iacob / no strength nor wysdome Tercia etas.
20 Coude them ensure to lyue contynually
ref.ed: 269
Where is kynge Dauyd whome god dyd magnyfy
And Salomon his son of wysdome souerayne Quarta etas.
Where ar his sonnes of wysdome and beauty
Ilz sont toutz mortz ce monde est choce vayne.

25 ¶Where ar the prynces and kynges of Babylon Quinta etas.
And also of Iude and kynges of Israell
Where is the myghty and valiant Sampson
He had no place in this lyfe ay to dwell
Where ar the Prynces myghty and cruell
30 That rayned before Christ delyuered vs from payne Sexta etas.
And from the Dongeons of darke and ferefull hell
Ilz sont toutz mortz ce monde est choce vayne.

¶Of worldly wors[h]yp no man can hym assure worshyp] worsyp 1509Septima etas mundi a christo vsque ad seculi finem.Septima etas mundi a christo vsque ad seculi finem.
In this our age whiche is the last of all
35 No creature can here alway endure
Yonge nor olde / pore man nor kynge royall
Unstable fortune tourneth as doth a ball
And they that ones pas can nat retourne agayne
Wherfore I boldly dare speke in generall
40 We all shall dye: ce monde est choce vayne.

¶Ryches nor wysdome can none therfro defende
Ne in his strenght no man can hym assure
Say where is Tully is he nat come to ende
Seneke the sage with Cato and Arture
45 The hye Arystotyll of godly wyt and pure
The glorious Godfray / and myghty Charlemayne
Thoughe of theyr lyfe they thought that they were sure
Yet ar they all dede: ce monde est choce vayne.

ref.ed: 270
¶Where ar the Phylosophers and Poetis lawreat
50 The great Grammaryens and pleasant oratours.
Ar they nat dede after the same fourme and rate
As ar all these other myghty conquerours
Where ar theyr Royalmes theyr ryches and treasours
Left to theyr heyres: and they be gone certayne
55 And here haue left theyr riches and honours
So haue they proued that this worlde is but vayne.

sig: [v4]
¶So I conclude bycause of breuyte
That if one sought the worlde large and wyde
Therin sholde be founde no maner of dere
60 That can alway in one case suerly byde
Strength / honour / riches cunnynge and beautye
All these decay / dayly: thoughe we complayne
Omnia fert etas / both helth and iolyte
We all shall dye: ce monde est choce vayne.

De prędestinatione.
Qui precium ... regna parauit.
sig: [v4v]
Non vult ... cuncta parauit
ref.ed: 271

¶Of predestynacion.
¶That man that lokyth for to haue a rewarde
Whiche he hath nat deseruyd to obtayne
And lenyth his body vpon a rede forwarde
Whiche for waykenes may hym nat well sustayne
5 Forsoth this fole may longe so loke in vayne
And on the Crauys he styll shall bacwarde ryde
Cryenge with the doue / whose flyght shall hym ay gyde

ref.ed: 272
IT is vnlawfull / man to be dilygent Ad ephe. i.
Or serchynge goddes workes to set his thought
10 Howe he hath made the heuen and fyrmament De pen. dis. iiij. c. benedictus. ij. Ad thimo. ij.
The erth the see and euery-thynge of nought
Yet of some Folys the cause hereof is sought
Whiche labour also with curyosyte
To knowe the begynnynge of his dyuynyte

sig: [v5]
15 These folys forgettynge their owne fragilyte
Wolde loke to knowe the ende of euery-thynge
Boldly disputynge in goddys pryuete
And what rewarde is ordeynyd for men lyuynge
Of many folys this is the moste musynge
20 Whiche labour dayly with besy cure and payne.
To knowe what god doth discerne and ordayne and] and or 1509

Therfore in this part I shall dispyse and blame Ad romanos. j.
Unchrafty folys whiche scantly haue ouer-sene Prouer. xxvi.
Ought of scripture / if they knowe the bokes name
25 Or els a whyle hath at the Scoles bene
Than bende they the browys and stedfastly they wene
In theyr conceyt that they ar passynge wyse
For all scripture newe commentis to deuyse

They frowardly the sentence do transpose Hieronimus in prologo biblie.
30 And that whiche is wryten / both playne and holely
By theyr corruptynge and vnlawfull glose
Oft-tyme they brynge to damnable heresy
Falsly expoundynge after theyr fantasy
They labour to transpose and turne the right sence
35 Thoughe the wordes stryue and make great resystence

ref.ed: 273
Here what these folys with theyr audacyte
Dare besely say by theyr fals errour blynde
Presumynge on goddes secrete and pryuete
Here what lewde wordes they cast out in the wynde
40 They say what man can chaunge or turne his mynde
To lyue after any other fourme and rate
But lyke as he is therto predestynate

They say: if god that rayneth ouerall
Hath any ordeyned that in this worlde is
45 To come to the place and rowme celestyall Grego. in dio. xxiij. q. iiij obtineri.
For to be partyner of euerlastynge blys
Ordeyned for suche as here doth nat amys
No man can chaunge / nor other thynge mundayne
That thynge whiche god by his myght doth ordayne

50 But if that god prefyxed hath before
Any creature vnto infernall payne
In derknes to be damnyd for euer-more Iohannis. vi.
No erthely thynge may that sentence call agayne
Nor hym delyuer: o fole thou mayst complayne
55 For this thy foly and also it repent
Thynkest thou nat god alway omnypotent

sig: [v5v]
Is god nat rightwyse and grounde of all iustyce xxiiij. q. iiij. Nabuchodonosor.
Rewardynge man after his gouernaunce
He that hath here nat lyen in synne and vyce
60 Hauynge in goddys seruyce his pleasaunce
Shall of his lorde be had in remembraunce Sapientie. x.
And of rewarde worthely be sure
Where it is worthy that synners payne endure Hieremie. li.

ref.ed: 274
Trust well who seruyth his maker stedfastly Prouer. xxiiij.
65 With pure herte kepynge sure his commaundement Ecclesi. xij.
And lawes shall be rewardyd fynally
With heuenly ioy and scape all punysshement
Therfore thou fole leue of this lewde intent Math. xvi.
Lyue vertuously and trust in goddes grace ad romanos. ij.
70 Than yll desteny in the shall haue no place

Unto great ioy god hath vs all create
And to vs all ordeyned his kyngdome Apoca. xxij.
And none hath vnto Hell predestynate
But often whan we folowe nat wysdome
75 By our owne foly we fall / and so become
Unto our maker vnkynde: and hym deny
Whiche them rewardyth that here lyue vertuously

Therfore thou Fole desyst thy wordes vayne
And let thy tunge no more suche wordes say
80 For god hath vs made all of one stuf certayne
As one potter makyth of one clay.
Vessels dyuers / but whan he must them lay
Vpon the kyll with fyre them there to dry kyll=kiln
They come nat all to good / moste comonly

85 Doth this erthyn pot his maker dispyse Esaie. xlv.
Whether it be made of fassyon good or yll Ad romanos. x.
Saynge why dost thou make me in this wyse
Wherfore mad-man I reade the to be styll
Blame nat thy maker / for thy vnhappy wyll
90 For god hath neuer man nor childe create
But all he hath to heuen predestynate

ref.ed: 275
And whyle we lyue here on this wretchyd grounde
We haue our reason and wyttes vs to gyde
With our fre-wyll and if no faute be founde
95 In our demenour / in heuen we shall abyde
But if we goddes lawes set asyde
Howe may we hope of hym rewarde to wyn
So our owne foly is moste cause of our syn.

¶The enuoy of Barclay.
sig: [v6]
O creature vnkynde vnto thy creatour
What carest thou to knowe or to inuestygate
The pryuetye / of god / leue this thy errour
To thynke the by hym to be predestynate
5 To endles wo and from his blysse pryuate
For syns thou hast thy reason and frewyll
Gyuyn the by god / thou art in suche estate
To take the eleccion outher of good or yll

De obliuione sui ipsius.
Qui volet ... voluere causas:
sig: [v6v]
Quid ve alios ... cura sodalis.
ref.ed: 276

¶Of folys that forget them-selfe and do other mannys besynes leuynge theyr owne vndone.
¶Who that wyll suffer his owne hous to bren
Tyll nought of it saue the bare wallys stonde
And with his water hastely doth ren
To quenche the fyre of anothers hous or londe
5 He is a fole and haue shall in his hande
A folysshe Pype or horne therwith to blowe
For other folys that in my Shyp wyll rowe.

ref.ed: 277
WIthin my Shyp of rowme he shall be sure 'W' of 'WIthin' is guide letter in space set for large capitalIn. l. culpa est. ff. de re i[u]. et. in. c. non est sine culpa. de reg. iu. li. vi. In. l. culpa est. ff. de re i[u]. et. in. c. non est sine culpa. de reg. iu. li. vi.
Whiche for anothers auantage and profyte
10 Takyth great thought and doth moche payne endure
Vnto his owne charge takynge no respyte
But setty[t]h it asyde and hath all his delyte settyth] settyh 1509
sig: x1
With all his stody hym to enforce and dres:
To care for euery mannys / besynes.

15 Suche hertles folys to them-self neglygent
In theyr owne charge slepe contynually Ecclesi. xxx.
But with open iyen they ar full dylygent
The worke of other with all theyr myght to aply
And for others profyte prouyde they besely.
20 But whyle these Folys ar glad to take in hande
Anothers charge / theyr owne styll let they stande

Wherfore I am so bolde within my boke
Somwhat to touche these folys mad vsage
That if it fortune them on the same to loke
25 They may therby perceyue in theyr corage
That labour they ought for their owne auauntage
Most specyally. for that is the degre
And the true order of perfyte charite

For perfyte loue and also charite
30 Begynneth with hym-selfe for to be charitable De pe. dis. scda qui vult.
And than to other after his degre
Thy owne auauntage is ay moost profytable
The great Phylosophers of maners ferme and stable
And also of wysdome godly and dyuyne
35 Hath left to vs suche techynge and doctryne

ref.ed: 278
We haue by Therence the same commaundement
The same is wryten also as I fynde Therencius Heautontimorumenos
In the holy lawe of the olde testament
And therfore he that oft wyll set his mynde
40 For others maters with care his thought to blynde l. presens. c. ser et aqua.
Let hym first se vnto his owne profyte
Lyst some mysfortune hym after sharply byte

Let hym turne his labour to his owne auauntage
And than do for other where-as he seeth moste nede Cicero in epistolis:
45 For who that playeth for mony outher gage
And on his felawes cast takyth onely hede
And nat to his owne / suche one shall seldom spede xxiij. q. si placet
And is a Fole. So is he that doth ren Prouer. ix. et. xxxi.
To quenche another hous / suffrynge his owne to bren

50 Suche one of his owne damage hath no fere
And worthy is his losse and hurte to byde
So is he that wyll anothers burthen bere
Or takyth anothers charge at any tyde
sig: [x1v]
Despysynge his owne werke and settynge it asyde
55 If suche haue losse and after it forthynke
No man shall moche force whether he flete or synke

He is well worthy to haue a folys pype
That goth vnbyddyn to rype anothers corne
And suffreth his owne to stande though it be rype.
60 And generally all Folys ar worthy scorne
Of what maner byrth so euer they be borne xix. q. ij. due.
If they them-self put / to losse or damage xiiij. dis quod ait.
Therby to do some other auauntage

ref.ed: 279
Say curyous Fole: say what pleasour thou hast prouer. v. et. xxvj
65 In others maters thy-self to intermyt
Or theyr great charges thus in thy mynde to cast
Thy-selfe to socour set thou thy mynde and wyt
Let others maters therfore in quyete syt
On thy owne profyte of all firste set thy mynde
70 And than (if thou mayst) do somwhat for thy frende

For vtterly that man is moche vnwyse
That thus takyth thought for anothers charge Prouer. xx.
And doth his owne by neglygence despyse
For suche Folys I forgyd haue this barge
75 But of the same suche men I clene discharge
That first of his pryuate profyte can take hede
And than helpe a frende and felowe at a nede iiij. regum. xx.

¶Th'enuoy of Barklay.
¶Ye that take charge / thought and besy cure
For others mysfortune / losse or aduersyte
First of your-self I aduyse you to be sure
For this is the order of parfyte charyte
5 Eche to hym-selfe moste louynge ay to be
And next to his frende / but who that doth dispyse.
His owne besynes whiche is in ieopardye
Seynge to anothers forsoth he is vnwyse

De vitio ingratitudinis.
Qui sibi vult ... ipse vices:
sig: x2
Qui sibi vult ... ille suam.
ref.ed: 280

¶Of the vyce of vnkyndnes and Folys that it folowe.
¶That Fole can neyther gode nor honeste
Whiche whan one doth to hym a frendly dede
It gladly takyth / thoughe it be two or thre
Lokynge for kyndnes / yet takyth he no hede
5 To shewe the same agayne in tyme of nede
Let suche Folys be no-thyng wroth therfore
Thoughe in this shyp I set them to an ore.

sig: [x2v]

ref.ed: 281
HE is a Fole that crauynge is alway
Takynge the seruyce and rewardes of his frende
10 And nat remembryth the same agayne to pay C de li. l. i. et. ij.
But as a churle it castyth out of his mynde xii. q. ij. octa.
For who that wolde haue one to hym be kynde Tullius in officijs.
And lyberall / he ought the same to be
For kyndnes meyntayneth bothe loue and charyte

15 He that wyll charge another with cures harde Ad collo. iij.
And great labours greuous to sustayne Leuiti. xix.
Ought for his labour hym worthely rewarde Tobie. iiij.
That the rewarde may be confort to his payne Eccle. xxxiiij.
It is disworshyp and also shame certayne
20 To take the labour of any ryche or pore
And nat iustly hym to content therfore

Wherfore the workman ought also to intende
Vnto his labour to saue his honestye
And workemanly to brynge it the ende Plautus in asi.
25 If he therby wolde well rewardyd be
And if the owner therof beholde and se.
His worke so done / he is a chorle vnkynde
If he do nat content the workmannys mynde.

sig: x3
He that wolde gladly that men sholde hym commende
30 Must fully purpose and fyx within his mynde
Lyberall to be and nat euer to intende Prouer. xxii.
To false Auaryce / whiche many one doth blynde
And if he purpose hye honours for to fynde
Or hym auaunce to any great degre
35 He must haue mekenes and lyberalyte

ref.ed: 282
He must of maners also be commendable Moribus et vita nobilitatur homo.
And of his speche als pleasaunt as he can
For an olde prouerbe true and verytable
Sayth that good lyfe and maners makyth man
40 But euery lawe doth dam and also ban
The churlysshe vyce and lewde of vnkyndnes
Whiche dryeth vp the well of bou[n]te and goodnes

For vnkynde folys if one labour dylygent
And so brynge theyr worke vnto good conclusyon
45 They fynde yet fautis and so ar nat content
Withdrawynge the rewarde by theyr collusyon
Wherfore let suche thynke it no abusyon
Nor haue disdayne ne yet in mynde complayne
If the pore laborer gyue vp his worke agayne

50 These frowarde Folys / doth wronge and iniury
To suche as to them do profyte and honour Ecclesi. xxix.
For kyndnes / they render shame and vylany Pro honore et beneficio. reddet illi contumeliam.
Rebukes sclander extorcion and rygour
But whyle they hope to come to great valoure
55 And by such rygour to honours to aryse
Theyr hope vanyssheth as doth the snowe or yce

Wherfore who that puttyth one to besynes Sapientie. [xvi] xvi] xvij 1509 Ingrati enim spes etc. in fine.xvi] xvij 1509
To charge or labour of body or of mynde
Ought hym rewarde agayne for his kyndnes
60 If he do nat forsoth he is vnkynde
But specyally as I oft wryten fynde Eccle. vii.
It is a thynge whiche doth for vengeaunce cry Malach. iii.
A pore laborer to put to Iniury

ref.ed: 283
What man can wryte the inconuenyence
65 Whiche groweth of this lewde and cursyd vyce
Vnkyndnes causeth great myschefe and offence
And is repugnynge to reason and iustyce
Wherfore let suche that wyll be namyd wyse
Leue it: and folowe lyberalyte
70 Whiche is noryssher of loue and amyte

sig: [x3v]
In dyuers bokes examples we may fynde
Howe many Cytees hygh and excellent
Agaynst all lawe and reason were vnkynde
To suche as dyd theyr dignyte augment Camillus de quo titus_liuius
75 O vnkynde rome thou was of this intent
Whiche hast Camyllus exyled in great payne
Thoughe he euer laboured thy honour to mentayne

O cruell Athenes by thy ingratytude Solon de quo Herodotus.
Hast thou nat banysshyd Solon also fro the
80 Though he enfourmyd hath thy maners rude
And gyuyn the lawes of right and equyte
For his great meryte / loue and benygnyte
Thou hast hym gyuen exyle and paynes harde
His labour was nat worthy that rewarde

85 Thou vnkynde Sparta: of thy audacyte
What shall I wryte or thy lewde vnkyndnes Licurgus de quo Iustinus
Hast thou nat banysshed by thy cruelte
Thy kynge Lycurgus / bycause he dyd redres
Thy wanton errours by lawe and rightwysnes Scipio_africanus de quo titus_liuius.
90 And Scipio whiche his contrey dyd defende
Fo[n]de it to hym / vnkynde at the last ende

ref.ed: 284
A thousande mo whome I can nat expresse
To suche as haue for them abyde great payne
Haue done displeasour / and shewed vnkyndnes
95 And them disceyued by some cautele or trayne
Yet none of them great goodnes cowde obtayne
By theyr vnkyndnes for who that so doth cast
Vnkyndly shall be seruyd at the last.

¶Th'enuoy of Barklay.
¶O fals vnkyndnes out on the I cry
From all goodnes dost thou nat man withdrawe
Byndynge his herte to gyle and vylany
Agaynst nature / agaynst both right and lawe
5 Thou makest man his maker nat to knawe
Therfore thou man expell out from thy mynde
This vyce / for we fynde in an olde sayde sawe
Wo is hym that to his maker is vnkynde.

¶Remember man the great preemynence Minuisti eum paulo minus ab angelis. etc.
10 Gyuen unto the by good omnypotent
Bytwene the and Angels is lytell difference
sig: [x4]
And all-thynge erthly to the obedyent
Fysshe byrde and beste vnder the fyrmament
Say what excuse mayst thou nowe lay or fynde
15 Syns thou art made by god so excellent
But that thou oughtest agayne to hym be kynde

God hath the made vnto his owne lykenes
No erthly creature vnto the comparable Genesies primo.
Thy iyen vpwarde to consyder his hyghnes
20 Where other creatures that ar vnresonable Ouidius meth.
ref.ed: 285
Goeth on all foure and ar nat other able. Prona. etc.
Theyr loke alway vnto the grounde inclynyd
Therfore thou ought in vertue to be stable
And to thy maker [n]euer to be vnkynde

25 ¶Whan man offendyd by disobedyence
Subduynge hym-self to labour care and payne Ge[ne]si. Genesi] Gesi 1509 ij. Genesi] Gesi 1509
And lost the confort of goodes hye presence
Hath nat christ Ihesu redemyd hym agayne
Besyde all this thou hast no-thynge certayne
30 In erth but by hym. wherfore I call the blynde
And of thy maners vncurtayse and vylayne
If to thy sauyour thou be nat true and kynde

¶Thoughe god hath made the (man) thus excellent
To lyue (if thou lyst) in ioy eternally
35 A lytell thynge shall hym agayne content
He nought requyreth but thy herte onely
And that thou defy thy gostly ennemy
And in goddes seruyce thy herte and body bynde.
Than shall he rewarde the in heuen right gloriously
40 So mayst thou be callyd vnto thy maker kynde

Suiipsius complacentia.
Pulmentum fatuis ... vesania ductat:
sig: [x4v]
Vt speculo ... impia turba.
ref.ed: 286

¶Of folys that stande so well in their owne conceyt that they thinke none so wyse / stronge / fayre / nor eloquent / as they ar themself.
¶We haue ouercome the malyce and enuy
Of suche as agaynst our Nauy did conspyre
Wherfore I shall my folys call quyckly
That they my Shyp may aparayle and atyre
5 Drawe nere ye Folys whiche syttynge by the fyre
Loke ay in a glasse to se your countenaunce
And in your owne dedis haue all your hole pleasaunce

sig: [x5]

ref.ed: 287
UNto my shyp I call hym to be Coke Prouer. iii. c. ne i[nn]itarisinnitaris] imitaris 1509 de consti.innitaris] imitaris 1509
The mete to dresse to other Folys echone
10 Whiche in his myrrour doth alway gase and loke
Whan he may get hym vnto a place alone
And though of colour and beaute he haue none
Yet thynketh he hym-self fayre and right plesant
And wyse: thoughe that he be mad and ignorant Ad roma. viij.

15 In his owne dedys is onely his delyte
In his owne conceyte thynkynge hym-self rightwyse
And fayre / thoughe he be yelowe as kyte
Is of hir fete: yet doth he styll deuyse
His vayne myrrour: that onely is his gyse
20 And thoughe he beholde hym-self of lothly shape Prouer. xiij. et xiiij.
He wyll it nat byleue / but in his glasse doth gape

Though for his foly all men myght hym repreue
And that he se it before hym openly
Within his glasse: he wyll it nat byleue
25 But strongly it defende and eke deny
He seyth nat his erys longe and hye
Whiche stande vpon his folysshe hode behynde
His lewde conceyt thus makyth hym starke blynde

sig: [x5v]
Whan people comon of men of hye prudence
30 Or of hye beauty / and strength if men doth tell
If one suche fole were there in the presence
He swere durst boldly / and that on the gospell Eccle. xx.
That he onely all other dyd excell Iob. v. et. xviij.
And that to gyue councell good and profytable
35 Were none in the wor[l]d vnto hym comparable world] wordly 1509

ref.ed: 288
These folys bost them-selfe of theyr wysdome
And thynke them-selfe to haue preemynence
Aboue all other that ar in christendome.
In gyftis of grace as beautye and scyence
40 Of strength / gode maners / vertue / and eloquence
But thoughe they stande in theyr owne conceytis
Nought is saue foly within theyr folysshe patis

And thoughe theyr face and vysage stande awry
And all to reuylde / theyr mouth standynge asyde
45 Within theyr myrrour the same can they nat spye
But in theyr foly contynually abyde
And whether that they ar styll outher go or ryde
Labour or be ydyll / they gase styll in theyr glasse
Yet wyll they nat byleue to ha[u]e erys lyke an Asse

50 Oft wha[n] these folys lye in theyr bed vpright
With tawny loke or els theyr botyll nose
They haue theyr myrrour alway in theyr syght
The vayne glasse (of theyr beautye) to apose
And whan suche a fole into the kechyn gose
55 To stere the pot / there whether he syt or stande
The glasse alway is in the other hande

Whan he a whyle his glas hath loken than
If one examynyd hym of his beautye Prouer. xxxi.
He boldly durst swere both by god and man Ezech. xvi.
60 That nought were in hym whiche myght repreuyd be Esaie. iij.
But all goodnes / fayre shape / and loke of grauyte
And that his gere gayly vpon his backe doth syt
He hardly is wyse: if he had any wyt

ref.ed: 289
I wryten fynde that great inconuenyence
65 As losse / contempt and occasyon of pryde
Hath fallyn vnto many by this lewde complacence
Whiche haue nat knowen the way themself to gyde Otho imperator speculum secum semper habuit. Iuuenalis.
The emperour Otho had ay borne by his syde
In warre and peas (a glasse) for his pleasaunce
70 To se his colour therin: and countenaunce

sig: [x6]
And to the entent to make his colour gay
With Assys mylke he noyntyd oft his skyn
And shauyd his berde onys euery day
But for that he offendyd god herein
75 After was he sharply punysshyd for this syn
And put vnto extreme rebuke and shame
To gyue other example to auoyde the same

It is forsoth a maner femynyne Salustius.
And nat for man to be so elegant
80 To suche toyes wanton wymen may inclyne
A yonge mayde may at her forhede haue pendant
The vayne myrrour to se hir shape pleasant
Man sholde nought set by to norysshe his beautye
But onely manhode strength and audacyte

85 The wanton mayde may for hir-self ordayne
Hir call hir coyfe / and suche conceytis newe call=caul
As broches fyletes and oyntmentis souerayne
And clothynge of dyuers colour and of hewe
But nowe yonge men the same fourme do ensue
90 A[n]d to content theyr mad and folysshe mynde
To wymen they compare themselfe agaynst kynde

ref.ed: 290
Disorder rayneth as I before haue sayde
The yonge men takyth womans countenaunce
And hir aparayll / and wymen ar arayde Ennius.
95 As men: agaynst all lawe and ordynaunce Tullius in officijs.
Thus man and woman ensue mysgouernaunce
In theyr behauour is small dyuersyte
Theyr owne conceyt causeth great enormyte

The poet Ouyde shewyth in a fable
100 Howe that one callyd Pygmalyon by name Pygmalion de quo ouidius. x. meth.
A fygure made vnto hym-self semblable
Whiche he in marbyll right craftely dyd frame
And in-so-moche he worshypped the same
Tyll at the last his mynde was past and gone
105 And he transformed so was in-to that stone

And if the Poetis fables be all sure
As by theyr subtyle wordes oft we here
The childe Narcissus was chaungyd of fygure Narcissus de quo ouidius. iij. metha.
Whyle he behelde into the water clere
110 For whyle his shadowe vnto hym dyd apere
Vpon the same so sore he set his mynde
That he transformyd was to another kynde.

sig: [x6v]
But to retorne agayne to our purpose
And of this sort of Folys to conclude
115 If god sholde them to other shape transpose
That thynke them fayre though they be foule and rude
Into foule fassyon he many sholde include
For whyle Folys theyr owne beauty magnyfy
So growyth the nomber and so they multyply

¶Th'enuoy of Barklay the translatour.
¶Blynde man inclere thy wylfull ignoraunce
Stande nat so great in thy owne conceyte
Ne in thy lewde fassyon set nat thy pleasaunce
Whether thou be pore or man of great estate
5 Another man moche more shall in the wayte
Of gode and yll than thou thy-self canst do
Therfore be nat cause to thy-self of disceyte
If one the teche: aply thy mynde therto

De choreis et saltationibus.
Qui chereis ... multa frequens.
sig: y1
Concurrunt illic ... die ve pręmit.
ref.ed: 291

¶Of lepynges and dauncis and Folys that pas theyr tyme in suche vanyte.
sig: [y1v]
¶That fole that settyth his felycyte
In wanton daunces and lepes immoderate
Hath in my Shyp a rowme for his degre
Bysyde the stere for troublynge of his pate
5 He god dyspleasyth / whiche doth suche foly hate
Suche lese theyr tyme in vayne and oft therin
Ar many hurtis: and cause of dedely syn.

ref.ed: 292
THose folys a place may chalenge in my shyp Exodi. xxxij.
Whiche voyde of wysdome as men out of theyr mynde Psal. x.
10 Them-selfe delyte to daunce to lepe and skyp
In compase rennynge lyke to the worlde wyde
In vnkynde labour / suche folys pleasour fynde
Rennynge about in this theyr furyous vyce
Lyke as it were in Bacchus sacryfyce Orgia bacchi.

15 Or as the Druydans rennyth in vayne about Druyde de quibus Iulius Cesar in commen.
In theyr mad festes vpon the hylle of yde
Makynge theyr sacrafyce with furour noyse and shout
Whan theyr madnes settyth theyr wyt asyde
Or whan the prestis of mars all nyght abyde
20 Within theyr temple by vse abhomynable Salij. de quibus. Virgilius. ij. Georgicorum.
To theyr ydollys doynge theyr seruyce detestable

Lyke as these paynyms hath to theyr ydols done
Theyr sacryfyce wandrynge in theyr madnes
Theyr bodyes weryenge / in vayne wastynge their shone
25 So do these fowlys them-selfe to daunsynge dres
Sekynge occason of great vnhappynes
They take suche labour without all hope of gayne
Without rewarde sure / of werynes and payne

Say Folys that vse this fury and outrage
30 What causyth you to haue delyte therin
For your great labour say what is your wage
Forsoth ye can therby no profyte wyn
But seke occasyon (as I haue sayde) of syn
And for thy werynge thy fete thus in the dust
35 Thou gettest no gayne but cause of carnall lust

ref.ed: 293
But whan I consyder of this folysshe game
The firste begynnynge and cause orygynall Exodi. xxxi.
I say the cause therof is worthy blame
For whan the deuyll to disceyue man mortall
40 And do contempt to the hye god eternall
Vpon a stage had set a Calfe of golde.
That euery man the same myght clere beholde

sig: y2
So than the Fende grounde of mysgouernaunce
Causyd the people this fygure to honour
45 As for theyr god and before the same to daunce. i. ad cor. x.
Whan they were dronk[e]n / thus fell they in errour dronken] dronkon 1509
Of Idolatry / and forgate theyr creatour.
Before this ydoll daunsynge both wyfe and man
Dispysynge god: Thus daunsynge fyrst began

50 Suche blynde folyes and inconuenyence Uide no. glo. in cle. de cel. mis.
Engendryth great hurte and incommodyte
And sawyth sede wherof groweth great offence
The grounde of vyce and of all enormyte
In it is pryde / fowle lust and lecherye In cle attendentes de sta. rel. de vi. et ho. cle. cum decorem.
55 And whyle lewde lepys ar vsyd in the daunce
Oft frowarde bargayns ar made by countenaunce

What els is daunsynge but euen a nurcery
Or els a bayte to purchace and meyntayne
In yonge hertis the vyle synne of rybawdry
60 Them fetrynge therin / as in a dedely chayne
And to say trouth in wordes clere and playne
Venereous people haue all theyr hole pleasaunce
Theyr vyce to norysshe by this vnthryfty daunce

ref.ed: 294
And wanton people disposyd vnto syn
65 To satysfye theyr mad conc[u]pyscence
With hasty cours vnto this daunsynge ryn
To seke occasyon of vyle synne and offence
And to expresse my mynde in short sentence
This vyciouse game oft-tymes doth attyse
70 By his lewde synes / chast hartis vnto vyce

Than it in erth no game is more damnable Prouer. ij.
It semyth no peas / but Batayle openly
They that it vse of myndes seme vnstable
As mad folke rennynge with clamour showt and cry
75 What place is voyde of this furyous foly
None: so that I dout within a whyle
These folys the holy churche shall defyle

Of people what sort or order may we fynde
Ryche or pore hye or lowe of name
80 But by theyr folysshnes / and wanton mynde
Of eche sort some ar gyuen vnto the same
The prestis and clerkes to daunce haue no shame
The frere or monke in his frocke and cowle
Must daunce in his dortor lepynge to play the fole

sig: [y2v]
85 To it comys children / maydes and wyues.
And flaterynge yonge men to se to haue theyr pray
The hande in hande great falshode oft contryues
The olde quean also this madnes wyll assay
And the olde dotarde thoughe he skantly may
90 For age and lamenes stere outher fote or hande
Yet playeth he the fole with other in the bande

ref.ed: 295
Than lepe they about as folke past theyr mynde Vir. ij. georg.
With madnes amasyd rennynge in compace
He moste is commendyd that can moste lewdnes fynde
95 Or can most quyckly ren about the place
There ar all maners vsyd that lacke grace
Mouynge theyr bodyes in synes full of shame Iudith. ij.
Whiche doth theyr hertes to synne right sore inflame

So oft this vyce doth many one abuse
100 That whan they ar departyd from the daunce
On lust and synne contynually they muse
Hauynge therin theyr wyll and theyr pleasaunce
Than fall they oft to great mysgouernaunce
As folys gyuyn to worke vnprofytable
105 So in my shyp they well deserue a babyll.

¶Th'enuoy of Barklay.
¶Do way your daunces ye people moche vnwyse
Desyst your folysshe pleasour of trauayle
It is me-thynke an vnwyse vse and gyse
To take suche labour and payne without auayle
5 And who that suspectyth his mayde or wyues tayle
Let hym nat suffer them in the daunce to be
For in that game thoughe sys or synke them fayle
The dyse oft renneth vpon the chaunce of thre

De nocturnis ioculatoribus.
Qui cithara / ... nocte volant.
sig: y3
Dum mollem ... remanete domi.
ref.ed: 296

¶Of nyght-watchers and beters of the stretes playnge by nyght on instrumentes and vsynge lyke Folyes whan tyme is to rest.
¶He is a fole that wandreth by nyght
In felde or towne / in company or alone
Playnge at his lemmans dore withouten lyght
Tyll all his body be colde as lede or stone
5 These folys knockynge tyll the nyght be gone
At that season thoughe that they fele no colde
Shall it repent and fele whan they be olde.

sig: [y3v]

ref.ed: 297
NOwe wolde I of my boke haue made an ende
And with my shyp drawen to some hauen or porte
10 Stryken my sayle / and all my folys sende
Vnto the londe / a whyle them-selfe to sporte
But this my purpose is lettyd by a sorte
Of frantyke folys / wandrynge about by nyght Esaie. xxix.
For often all yll-doers hatyth the day-lyght Sapien. xiiij.

15 Whyle (man) beste and euery lyuely creature Iob. xxxiiij.
Refresshe theyr myndes and bodyes with rest
And slepe: without the whiche none can endure
And whyle all byrdes drawe them to theyr nest Prouer. vij.
These dronken bandes of Folys than doth Iest
20 About the stretis / with rumour noyse and cry
Syngynge theyr folysshe songes of rybawdry

The furyes ferefull spronge of the flodes of hell
Vexith these vagabundes in theyr myndes so
That by no mean can they abyde ne dwell
25 Within theyr howsys / but out they nede must go
More wyldly wandrynge than outher bucke or doo
Some with theyr harpis another with his lute
Another with his bagpype or a folysshe flute

sig: [y4]
Than mesure they theyr songes of melody Ouidius in arte.
30 Before the dores of theyr lemman dere
Yowlynge with theyr folysshe songe and cry
So that theyr lemman may theyr great foly here Luce. v.
And tyll the yordan make them stande arere yordan=jordan
Cast on theyr hede / or tyll the stonys fle
35 They nat depart / but couet there styll to be

ref.ed: 298
But yet more-ouer these Folys ar so vnwyse
That in colde wynter they vse the same madnes
Whan all the howsys ar lade with snowe and yse Sapien. xvij.
O mad men amasyd vnstabyll and wytles Iohan. i.
40 What pleasour take ye in this your folysshenes
What ioy haue ye to wander thus by nyght
Saue that yll-doers alway hate the lyght

But folysshe youth doth nat alone this vse
Come of lowe byrth and sympyll of degre
45 But also statis them-selfe therin abuse
With some yonge folys of the spiritualte
The folysshe pype without all grauyte
Doth eche degre call to this frantyke game
The darkenes of nyght expellyth fere of shame

50 One barkyth another bletyth lyke a shepe
Some rore / some countre / some theyr balades fayne
Another from syngynge gyueth hym to wepe
Whan his souerayne lady hath of hym dysdayne
Or shyttyth hym out / and to be short and playne
55 Who that of this sort best can play the knaue
Lokyth of the other the maystery to haue

The folysshe husbonde oft of this sort is one
With wanton youth wandrynge by nyght also
Leuynge his wyfe at home in bed alone
60 And gyueth hyr occasyon often to mysdo Iuuenalis.
So that whyle he after the owle doth go
Fedynge the Couko / his wyfe hir tyme doth watche