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Professor Mark Hampton

Mark HamptonPrincipal Investigator

PhD (Otago) MSc(Hons) (Canterbury)

Email mark.hampton@otago.ac.nz
Tel +64 3 378 6225

Research interests

Oxidants (also called reactive oxygen species or free radicals) are continuously generated in our body, and we rely on sophisticated antioxidant systems to prevent them from causing damage. However, oxidants also have beneficial roles. They can act as signalling molecules that regulate a number of life and death pathways in cells, and they are generated by the immune system to fight microbes. My research is focused on how understanding how cells sense and respond to oxidants, and how these pathways might be modulated to prevent and treat human disease.

Computer-generated image of a mitochondrionMitochondria are the small organelles inside cells that convert food into energy. These powerhouses are also a major site of oxidant production. Mitochondrial oxidants can cause damage, and they have been linked to various cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases as well as ageing, but they also regulate normal biological processes. We measure mitochondrial function in human cells, and study mitochondrial antioxidant defenses, including the peroxiredoxins, which act as sensors and markers of oxidative stress. We are also interested in a class of dietary compounds called isothiocyanates that can influence antioxidant networks and mitochondrial function.

All of our cells have self-destruct programs that ensure removal when they become damaged or are no longer needed in the body. Mitochondria are central players in these cell death pathways, and it appears that mitochondrial oxidants are involved in regulating cell death, but it is not clear exactly how this happens. Cancer cells are often resistant to undergoing cell death, and it has been proposed that their antioxidant defenses are more powerful. It may be possible to target these defenses, making it easier to kill cancer cells.

White blood cells generate oxidants to destroy pathogenic bacteria, but these oxidants also appear to regulate the lifespan of immune cells and the resolution of inflammation. We are studying the effects of oxidants on the function of white blood cells and other cells and mediators present at an inflammatory site.

In the media

Professor Mark Hampton was featured on Radio New Zealand's Our Changing World series in April 2013.

Major review articles 

  1. Winterbourn C.C., Kettle A.J. and Hampton M.B. Reactive oxygen species and neutrophil function. Ann. Rev. Biochem. in press, 2016.
  2. Hampton M.B. and O’Connor K.M. Peroxiredoxins and the regulation of cell death. Mol. Cells 39:72-76, 2016.
  3. Poynton R.A. and Hampton M.B. Peroxiredoxins as biomarkers of oxidative stress. Biochim Biophys Acta 1840:906-912, 2014.
  4. Brown K.K. and Hampton M.B. Biological targets of isothiocyanates. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1810:888-894, 2011.
  5. Cox A.G., Winterbourn C.C. and Hampton M.B. Mitochondrial peroxiredoxin involvement in antioxidant defence and redox signalling. Biochem. J. 425:313-325, 2010.
  6. Winterbourn C.C. and Hampton M.B. Thiol chemistry and specificity in redox signalling. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 45:549-561, 2008.
  7. Low F.M., Hampton M.B. and Winterbourn C.C. Peroxiredoxin 2 and peroxide metabolism in the erythrocyte. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 10:1621-1629, 2008.
  8. Hampton, M.B., Fadeel, B, and Orrenius S. Redox regulation of the caspases during apoptosis. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 854:328-335, 1998.
  9. Hampton, M.B. and Orrenius S. Redox regulation of apoptotic cell death. BioFactors 8:1-5, 1998.
  10. Hampton, M.B., Kettle, A.J., and Winterbourn C.C. Inside the neutrophil phagosome: oxidants, myeloperoxidase and bacterial killing. Blood 92:3007-3017, 1998.

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Publications

Magon, N. J., Parker, H. A., Ashby, L. V., Springer, R. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2020). Analysis of neutrophil bactericidal activity. In M. T. Quinn & F. R. DeLeo (Eds.), Neutrophil: Methods and protocols: Methods in molecular biology (Vol. 2087). (3rd ed.) (pp. 149-164). New York, NY: Humana Press. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-0154-9_12

Talla, U., Bozonet, S. M., Parker, H. A., Hampton, M. B., & Vissers, M. C. M. (2019). Prolonged exposure to hypoxia induces an autophagy-like cell survival program in human neutrophils. Journal of Leukocyte Biology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/jlb.4a0319-079rr

Dickerhof, N., Isles, V., and also Pattemore, P., Hampton, M. B., & Kettle, A. J. (2019). Exposure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to bactericidal hypochlorous acid during neutrophil phagocytosis is compromised in cystic fibrosis. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.009934

de Souza, L. F., Pearson, A. G., Pace, P. E., Dafre, A. L., Hampton, M. B., Meotti, F. C., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2019). Peroxiredoxin expression and redox status in neutrophils and HL-60 cells. Free Radical Biology & Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.03.007

Vissers, M. C. M., Hampton, M. B., & Kettle, A. J. (Eds.). (2018). Hydrogen peroxide metabolism in health and disease. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 456p.

Edited Book - Research

Vissers, M. C. M., Hampton, M. B., & Kettle, A. J. (Eds.). (2018). Hydrogen peroxide metabolism in health and disease. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 456p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Magon, N. J., Parker, H. A., Ashby, L. V., Springer, R. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2020). Analysis of neutrophil bactericidal activity. In M. T. Quinn & F. R. DeLeo (Eds.), Neutrophil: Methods and protocols: Methods in molecular biology (Vol. 2087). (3rd ed.) (pp. 149-164). New York, NY: Humana Press. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-0154-9_12

Hampton, M. B. (2018). Hydrogen peroxide-dependent redox signaling: Basic concepts and unanswered questions. In M. C. M. Vissers, M. B. Hampton & A. J. Kettle (Eds.), Hydrogen peroxide metabolism in health and disease. (pp. 353-364). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Parker, H. A., Magon, N. J., Green, J. N., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2014). Analysis of neutrophil bactericidal activity. In M. T. Quinn & F. R. DeLeo (Eds.), Neutrophil methods and protocols: Methods in Molecular Biology (Vol. 1124). (2nd ed.) (pp. 291-306). New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-62703-845-4_19

Requejo, R., Chouchani, E. T., Hurd, T. R., Menger, K. E., Hampton, M. B., & Murphy, M. P. (2010). Measuring mitochondrial protein thiol redox state. In E. Cadenas & L. Packer (Eds.), Methods in enzymology: Thiol redox transitions in cell signaling: Part B: Cellular localization and signaling (Vol. 474). (pp. 123-147). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/S0076-6879(10)74004-0

Cox, A. G., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2010). Measuring the redox state of cellular peroxiredoxins by immunoblotting. In E. Cadenas & L. Packer (Eds.), Methods in enzymology: Thiol redox transitions in cell signaling: Part B: Cellular localization and signaling (Vol. 474). (pp. 51-66). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/S0076-6879(10)74004-0

Green, J. N., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2007). Analysis of neutrophil bactericidal activity. In M. T. Quinn, F. R. DeLeo & G. M. Bokoch (Eds.), Neutrophil methods and protocols. (pp. 319-332). Totowa, USA: Humana Press.

Hampton, M. B., Baty, J. W., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2006). Use of a proteomic technique to identify oxidant-sensitive thiol proteins in cultured cells. In I. Dalle-Donne, A. Scaloni & D. A. Butterfield (Eds.), Redox Proteomics: From protein modifications to cellular dysfunction and diseases. (pp. 253-265). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Winterbourn, C. C., van Dalen, C. J., Hampton, M. B., & Kettle, A. J. (2000). Reactions of myeloperoxidase and production of hypochlorous acid in neutrophil phagosomes. In P. E. Petrides & W. M. Nauseef (Eds.), The Peroxidase Multigene Family of Enzymes. (pp. 58-67). Berlin: Springer.

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Journal - Research Article

Talla, U., Bozonet, S. M., Parker, H. A., Hampton, M. B., & Vissers, M. C. M. (2019). Prolonged exposure to hypoxia induces an autophagy-like cell survival program in human neutrophils. Journal of Leukocyte Biology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/jlb.4a0319-079rr

de Souza, L. F., Pearson, A. G., Pace, P. E., Dafre, A. L., Hampton, M. B., Meotti, F. C., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2019). Peroxiredoxin expression and redox status in neutrophils and HL-60 cells. Free Radical Biology & Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.03.007

Dickerhof, N., Isles, V., and also Pattemore, P., Hampton, M. B., & Kettle, A. J. (2019). Exposure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to bactericidal hypochlorous acid during neutrophil phagocytosis is compromised in cystic fibrosis. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.009934

Pace, P. E., Peskin, A. V., Konigstorfer, A., Jasoni, C. J., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2018). Peroxiredoxin interaction with the cytoskeletal-regulatory protein CRMP2: Investigation of a putative redox relay. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 129, 383-393. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2018.10.407

Richards, S. J. G., Frizelle, F. A., Geddes, J. A., Eglinton, T. W., & Hampton, M. B. (2018). Frailty in surgical patients. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 33(12), 1657-1666. doi: 10.1007/s00384-018-3163-y

Yewdall, N. A., Peskin, A. V., Hampton, M. B., Goldstone, D. C., Pearce, F. G., & Gerrard, J. A. (2018). Quaternary structure influences the peroxidase activity of peroxiredoxin 3. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications, 497(2), 558-563. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.02.093

Hampton, M. B., Vick, K. A., Skoko, J. J., & Neumann, C. A. (2018). Peroxiredoxin involvement in the initiation and progression of human cancer. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 28(7), 591-608. doi: 10.1089/ars.2017.7422

Dagnell, M., Pace, P. E., Cheng, Q., Frijhoff, J., Östman, A., Arnér, E. S. J., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2017). Thioredoxin reductase 1 and NADPH directly protect protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B from inactivation during H2O2 exposure. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 292(35), 14371-14380. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M117.793745

Schindler, L., Dickerhof, N., Hampton, M. B., & Bernhagen, J. (2017). Post-translational regulation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor: Basis for functional fine-tuning. Redox Biology, 15, 135-142. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2017.11.028

Poynton, R. A., Peskin, A. V., Haynes, A. C., Lowther, W. T., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2016). Kinetic analysis of structural influences on the susceptibility of peroxiredoxins 2 and 3 to hyperoxidation. Biochemical Journal, 473, 411-421. doi: 10.1042/bj20150572

Cuddihy, S. L., Drake, S., Harwood, T., Selwood, A. I., McNabb, P. S., & Hampton, M. B. (2016). The marine cytotoxin portimine is a potent and selective inducer of apoptosis. Apoptosis, 21(12), 1447-1452. doi: 10.1007/s10495-016-1302-x

Bayer, S. B., Low, F. M., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2016). Interactions between peroxiredoxin 2, hemichrome and the erythrocyte membrane. Free Radical Research, 50(12), 1329-1339. doi: 10.1080/10715762.2016.1241995

Yewdall, N. A., Venugopal, H., Desfosses, A., Abrishami, V., Yosaatmadja, Y., Hampton, M. B., … Radjainia, M. (2016). Structures of human peroxiredoxin 3 suggest self-chaperoning assembly that maintains catalytic state. Structure, 24(7), 1120-1129. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2016.04.013

Magon, N. J., Turner, R., Gearry, R. B., Hampton, M. B., Sly, P. D., & Kettle, A. J. (2015). Oxidation of calprotectin by hypochlorous acid prevents chelation of essential metal ions and allows bacterial growth: Relevance to infections in cystic fibrosis. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 86, 133-144. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.05.022

Radjainia, M., Venugopal, H., Desfosses, A., Phillips, A. M., Yewdall, N. A., Hampton, M. B., … Mitra, A. K. (2015). Cryo-electron microscopy structure of human peroxiredoxin-3 filament reveals the assembly of a putative chaperone. Structure, 23(5), 912-920. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2015.03.019

Balasubramanain, D., Deng, A. X., Doudney, K., Hampton, M. B., & Kennedy, M. A. (2015). Valproic acid exposure leads to upregulation and increased promoter histone acetylation of sepiapterin reductase in a serotonergic cell line. Neuropharmacology, 99, 79-88. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2015.06.018

Dickerhof, N., Schindler, L., Bernhagen, J., Kettle, A. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2015). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) Is rendered enzymatically inactive by myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants but retains its immunomodulatory function. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 89, 498-511. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.09.009

Bayer, S. B., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2015). Accumulation of oxidized peroxiredoxin 2 in red blood cells and its prevention. Transfusion, 55(8), 1909-1918. doi: 10.1111/trf.13039

Spencer, E. S., Dale, E. J., Gommans, A. L., Rutledge, M. T., Vo, C. T., Nakatani, Y., Gamble, A. B., Smith, R. A. J., Wilbanks, S. M., Hampton, M. B., & Tyndall, J. D. A. (2015). Multiple binding modes of isothiocyanates that inhibit macrophage migration inhibitory factor. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 93, 501-510. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.02.012

Wilkie-Grantham, R. P., Magon, N. J., Harwood, D. T., Kettle, A. J., Vissers, M. C., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2015). Myeloperoxidase-dependent lipid peroxidation promotes the oxidative modification of cytosolic proteins in phagocytic neutrophils. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 290(15), 9896-9905. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M114.613422

Newman, T. A. C., Carleton, C. R., Leeke, B., Hampton, M. B., & Horsfield, J. A. (2015). Embryonic oxidative stress results in reproductive impairment for adult zebrafish. Redox Biology, 6, 648-655. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2015.10.010

Jodczyk, S., Pearson, J. F., Aitchison, A., Miller, A. L., Hampton, M. B., & Kennedy, M. A. (2015). Telomere length measurement on the Roche LightCycler 480 platform. Genetic Testing & Molecular Biomarkers, 19(2), 63-68. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2014.0208

Poynton, R. A., & Hampton, M. B. (2014). Peroxiredoxins as biomarkers of oxidative stress. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: General Subjects, 1840(2), 906-912. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2013.08.001

Dickerhof, N., Magon, N. J., Tyndall, J. D. A., Kettle, A. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2014). Potent inhibition of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) by myeloperoxidase-dependant oxidation of epicatechins. Biochemical Journal, 462(2), 303-314. doi: 10.1042/BJ20140612

Kumar, V., Kleffmann, T., Hampton, M. B., Cannell, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2013). Redox proteomics of thiol proteins in mouse heart during ischemia/reperfusion using ICAT reagents and mass spectrometry. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 58, 109-117. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.01.021

Falvey, J. D., Bentley, R. W., Merriman, T. R., Hampton, M. B., Barclay, M. L., Gearry, R. B., & Roberts, R. L. (2013). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor gene polymorphisms in inflammatory bowel disease: An association study in New Zealand Caucasians and meta-analysis. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 19(39), 6656-6664. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i39.6656

Bayer, S. B., Maghzal, G., Stocker, R., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2013). Neutrophil-mediated oxidation of erythrocyte peroxiredoxin 2 as a potential marker of oxidative stress in inflammation. FASEB Journal, 27(8), 3315-3322. doi: 10.1096/fj.13-227298

Pace, P. E., Peskin, A. V., Han, M.-H., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2013). Hyperoxidized peroxiredoxin 2 interacts with the protein disulphide isomerase ERp46. Biochemical Journal, 453, 475-485. doi: 10.1042/BJ20130030

Peskin, A. V., Dickerhof, N., Poynton, R. A., Paton, L. N., Pace, P. E., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2013). Hyperoxidation of peroxiredoxins 2 and 3: Rate constants for the reactions of the sulfenic acid of the peroxidatic cysteine. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 288, 14170-14177. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.460881

Hock, B. D., Taylor, K. G., Cross, N. B., Kettle, A. J., Hampton, M. B., & McKenzie, J. L. (2012). Effect of activated human polymorphonuclear leucocytes on T lymphocyte proliferation and viability. Immunology, 137(3), 249-258. doi: 10.1111/imm.12004

Tyndall, J. D. A., Lue, H., Rutledge, M. T., Bernhagen, J., Hampton, M. B., & Wilbanks, S. M. (2012). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor covalently complexed with phenethyl isothiocyanate. Acta Crystallographica Section F, 68(9), 999-1002. doi: 10.1107/s1744309112030552

Stacey, M. M., Cuddihy, S. L., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2012). Protein thiol oxidation and formation of S-glutathionylated cyclophilin A in cells exposed to chloramines and hypochlorous acid. Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 527(1), 45-54. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2012.07.011

Keenan, J. I., Salm, N., Wallace, A. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2012). Using food to reduce H. pylori-associated inflammation. Phytotherapy Research, 26(11), 1620-1625. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4618

Parker, H., Dragunow, M., Hampton, M. B., Kettle, A. J., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2012). Requirements for NADPH oxidase and myeloperoxidase in neutrophil extracellular trap formation differ depending on the stimulus. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 92(4), 841-849. doi: 10.1189/jlb.1211601

Karton, A., Nagy, P., Betz, A., Peskin, A. V., Pace, P., O'Reilly, R. J., Hampton, M. B., … Winterbourn, C. C. (2011). Model for the exceptional reactivity of peroxiredoxins 2 and 3 with hydrogen peroxide; a kinetic and computational study. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(20), 18048-18055. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.232355

Brown, K. K., & Hampton, M. B. (2011). Biological targets of isothiocyanates. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: General Subjects, 1810(9), 888-894. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2011.06.004

Cuddihy, S. L., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2011). Assessment of redox changes to hydrogen peroxide-sensitive proteins during EGF signaling. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 15(1), 167-174. doi: 10.1089/ars.2010.3843

Keenan, J. I., Salm, N., Hampton, M. B., & Wallace, A. J. (2010). Individual and combined effects of foods on Helicobacter pylori growth. Phytotherapy Research, 24(8), 1229-1233. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3167

Parker, H., Chitcholtan, K., Hampton, M. B., & Keenan, J. I. (2010). Uptake of Helicobacter pylori outer membrane vesicles by gastric epithelial cells. Infection & Immunity, 78(12), 5054-5061. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00299-10

Cox, A. G., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2010). Mitochondrial peroxiredoxin involvement in antioxidant defence and redox signalling. Biochemical Journal, 425(2), 313-325. doi: 10.1042/BJ20091541

Brown, K. K., Cox, A. G., & Hampton, M. B. (2010). Mitochondrial respiratory chain involvement in peroxiredoxin 3 oxidation by phenethyl isothiocyanate and auranofin. FEBS Letters, 584, 1257-1262. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2010.02.042

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