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References: metals in the New Zealand environment

The notes and diagrams on the Metals webpages have been compiled from the following sources:

  • Beaumont, H. M., Tunnicliffe, J. C., Stevenson, C. D., 1987. Heavy metal survey of Coromandel streams. Water Soil Misc. Publication, N.Z. Government, Wellington 104, 17-47.
  • Black, A.; Craw, D. 2001. Arsenic, copper and zinc occurrence at the Wangaloa coal mine, southeast Otago, New Zealand. International Journal of Coal Geology 45: 181-193.
  • Brathwaite, R. L., Christie, A. B., Skinner, D. N. B., 1989. Hauraki goldfields: regional setting, mineralisation and recent exploration. In: Mineral deposits of New Zealand (Kear, D., ed). Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Monograph 13, 45-56.
  • Carter, D. A. 1983. Heavy metal survey in the Coromandel. A case study in design of water quality surveys. Water Soil Misc. Publication 63, N.Z. Government, Wellington.
  • Craw, D., 2000. Water-rock interaction and acid neutralization in a large schist debris dam, Otago, New Zealand. Chemical Geology 171, 17-32.
  • Craw, D., Chappell, D.A., 2000. Metal redistribution in historic mine wastes, Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 43, 187-198.
  • Craw, D.; Pacheco, L. 2002. Mobilisation and bioavailability of arsenic around mesothermal gold deposits in a semiarid environment, Otago, New Zealand. The Scientific World Journal 2: 308-319.
  • Craw, D., Chappell, D., Reay, A., Walls, D., 2000. Mobilisation and attenuation of arsenic around gold mines, east Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 43, 373-383.
  • Craw, D., Chappell, D., Reay, A., 2000. Environmental mercury and arsenic sources in fossil hydrothermal systems, Northland, New Zealand. Environmental Geology 39, 875-887.
  • Craw, D.; Chappell, D.; Black, A. 2002. Surface run-off from mineralized road aggregate, Puhipuhi, Northland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 105-116.
  • Davey, H.A., van Moort, J.C., 1986. Current mercury deposition at Ngawha Springs, New Zealand. Applied Geochemistry 1, 75-93.
  • Leon, E.A.; Anstiss, R.G. 2002. Selected trace elements in Stockton, New Zealand, waters. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 81-87.
  • Merchant, R.J., 1986. Mineralisation in the Thames district, Coromandel. In: Guide to the active epithermal (geothermal) systems and precious metal deposits of New Zealand In: Henley, R.W., Hedenquist, J.W., Roberts, P.J., (eds) Monograph Series on Mineral Deposits 26, 147-163.
  • NWQMS (National Water Quality Management Strategy) 2000. Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality, Paper 4, Volumes 1 and 2. Australian and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council (ANZECC), and Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand.
  • Pang, L., 1995. Contamination of groundwater in the Te Aroha area by heavy metals from an abandoned mine. N.Z. Journal of Hydrology 33, 17-34.
  • Williams, G.J., 1974. Economic Geology of New Zealand. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Monograph 4.
  • Wilson, N.J.; Hunter, K.A.; Craw, D. 2002. Elevated arsenic and antimony levels in a South Island mesothermal mineralised zone. AusIMM NZ Branch 2002 Annual Conference Proceedings, Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Publication Series 6/02: 81-86.
  • Youngson, J.H.; Wopereis, P.; Kerr, L.C.; Craw, D. 2002. Au-Ag-Hg and Au-Ag alloys in Nokomai and Nevis valley placers, northern Southland and Central Otago, New Zealand, and their implications for placer-source relationships. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 45: 53-69.