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Associate Professor James Scott

James Scott

Associate Professor
Otago Teaching Excellence Award (2021)
Division of Sciences Early Career Teacher of the Year (2017)
University of Otago Early Career Award for Distinction in Research (2017)
Otago University Top 12 Post-graduate Supervisor (2014)
Otago University Division of Science Post-graduate Supervisor of the Year (2014)

Office – Gn5
Tel +64 3 479 7520
Email james.scott@otago.ac.nz
Google Scholar: James M. Scott
ORCID orcid.org/0000-0001-5185-6261

Mt Irene, the prominent peak in the distance, is composed of a metasedimentary upper plate separated from a meta-igneous lower plate by the extensional Mt Irene Shear Zone. Murchison Mountains, Fiordland.1. Mt Irene, the prominent peak in the distance, is composed of a metasedimentary upper plate separated from a meta-igneous lower plate by the extensional Mt Irene Shear Zone. Murchison Mountains, Fiordland. A rare fine-weather day in Port Ross in the Sub-Antarctic Auckland Islands.2. A rare fine-weather day in Port Ross in the Sub-Antarctic Auckland Islands. Postdoctoral Fellow Matt Tarling and undergraduate students traversing Haast Schist on the shores of Lake Hawea3. Postdoctoral Fellow Matt Tarling and undergraduate students traversing Haast Schist on the shores of Lake Hawea. Red Mountain in the Southern Alps is a slice of accreted oceanic lithospheric mantle4. Red Mountain in the Southern Alps is a slice of accreted oceanic lithospheric mantle

Teaching

Research interests

  • Meteorites, solar nebula and planetary geology
  • Earth’s mantle composition, history, melting
  • Metamorphism, mineralisation and fluid flow
  • Subduction zones and element redistribution
  • Environmental geochemistry
  • Zealandia’s tectonics

Visit the Structure, Environment, Reaction, Petrology (SERP) group research page for more information

Postgraduate students

Postgraduate student opportunities with James Scott

Postgraduate students supervised by James Scott

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Publications

Pearson, D. G., Scott, J. M., Liu, J., Schaeffer, A., Wang, L. H., van Hunen, J., … Kelemen, P. B. (2021). Deep continental roots and cratons. Nature, 596, 199-210. doi: 10.1038/s41586-021-03600-5

Scott, J. M., Pearson, D. G., Liu, J., Auer, A., Cooper, A. F., Li, D., Palmer, M. C., Read, S. E., Reid, M. R., & Woodland, S. J. (2021). Osmium isotopes in peridotite xenoliths reveal major mid-Proterozoic lithosphere formation under the Transantarctic Mountains. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 312, 25-43. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2021.08.009

Chang, Z., Dong, G., & Scott, J. M. (2021). Early Cretaceous basalts record the modification of the North China Craton lithospheric mantle: Implications for lithospheric thinning. International Geology Review, 1-17. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/00206814.2021.1931968

Scott, J. M. (2021). Introduction to the special issue on Volcanism in Zealandia and the SW Pacific. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2021.1919155

Radclyffe, C. J. T., Summerhayes, G. R., Scott, J. M., & Walter, R. (2021). Pottery production and exchange in the last millennium in the western Solomon Islands: A ceramic sequence for Choiseul. Journal of Pacific Archaeology, 12(1), 25-46. Retrieved from https://pacificarchaeology.org/

Chang, Z., Dong, G., & Scott, J. M. (2021). Early Cretaceous basalts record the modification of the North China Craton lithospheric mantle: Implications for lithospheric thinning. International Geology Review, 1-17. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/00206814.2021.1931968

Journal - Research Article

Lilley, H. C., Scott, J. M., Schwartz, J. J., Turnbull, R. E., & Tulloch, A. J. (2021). Cretaceous tungsten-tin mineralisation in the Tin Range, Stewart Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1855216

Journal - Research Article

Palmer, M. C., Scott, J. M., Luo, Y., Sakar, C., & Pearson, D. G. (2021). In-situ scheelite LASS-ICPMS reconnaissance Sm-Nd isotope characterisation and prospects for dating. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 224, 106760. doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2021.106760

Journal - Research Article

Radclyffe, C. J. T., Summerhayes, G. R., Scott, J. M., & Walter, R. (2021). Pottery production and exchange in the last millennium in the western Solomon Islands: A ceramic sequence for Choiseul. Journal of Pacific Archaeology, 12(1), 25-46. Retrieved from https://pacificarchaeology.org/

Journal - Research Article

Scott, J. M., Pearson, D. G., Liu, J., Auer, A., Cooper, A. F., Li, D., Palmer, M. C., Read, S. E., Reid, M. R., & Woodland, S. J. (2021). Osmium isotopes in peridotite xenoliths reveal major mid-Proterozoic lithosphere formation under the Transantarctic Mountains. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 312, 25-43. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2021.08.009

Journal - Research Article

Tay, S. L., Scott, J. M., Palmer, M. C., Reid, M. R., & Stirling, C. H. (2021). Occurrence, geochemistry and provenance of REE-bearing minerals in marine placers on the West Coast of the South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 64(1), 89-106. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1736585

Journal - Research Article

Allibone, A., Blakemore, H., Jongens, R., Scott, J., Moore, J., MacKenzie, D., & Craw, D. (2020). Structural settings of gold deposits within the Reefton goldfield, western New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 63(3), 342-362. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1717554

Journal - Research Article

Auer, A., Brenna, M., & Scott, J. M. (2020). Influence of host magma alkalinity on trachytic melts formed during incongruent orthopyroxene dissolution in mantle xenoliths. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 63(4), 547-561. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1766519

Journal - Research Article

Holbek, S. C., Frank, M., Scott, J. M., Smith, S. A. F., le Roux, P. J., Waight, T. E., Van Hale, R., Reid, M. R., & Stirling, C. H. (2020). Structural controls on shallow cenozoic fluid flow in the Otago Schist, New Zealand. Geofluids, 2020, 9647197. doi: 10.1155/2020/9647197

Journal - Research Article

Montheil, L., Toy, V. G., Scott, J. M., Mitchell, T. M., & Dobson, D. P. (2020). Impact of coseismic frictional melting on particle size, shape distribution and chemistry of experimentally-generated pseudotachylite. Frontiers in Earth Science, 8, 596116. doi: 10.3389/feart.2020.596116

Journal - Research Article

Mortimer, N., & Scott, J. M. (2020). Volcanoes of Zealandia and the Southwest Pacific. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 63(4), 371-377. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1713824

Journal - Research Article

Scanlan, E. J., Scott, J. M., & le Roux, P. J. (2020). Pyrometamorphosed Otago Schist xenoliths cause minor contamination of Dunedin Volcanic Group basanite. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 63(4), 530-546. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1767659

Journal - Research Article

Scott, J. M. (2020). An updated catalogue of New Zealand’s mantle peridotite and serpentinite. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 63(4), 428-449. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1776738

Journal - Research Article

Scott, J. M., Pontesilli, A., Brenna, M., White, J. D. L., Giacalone, E., Palin, J. M., & le Roux, P. J. (2020). The Dunedin Volcanic Group and a revised model for Zealandia's alkaline intraplate volcanism. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 63(4), 510-529. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2019.1707695

Journal - Research Article

Serre, S. H., van der Meer, Q. H. A., Waight, T. E., Scott, J. M., Münker, C., Thomsen, T. B., & le Roux, P. J. (2020). Petrogenesis of amphibole megacrysts in lamprophyric intraplate magmatism in southern New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 63(4), 489-509. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1801771

Journal - Research Article

Shao, Y., Prior, D. J., Scott, J. M., & Negrini, M. (2020). Pre-Alpine Fault fabrics in mantle xenoliths from East Otago, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1029/2020JB020196

Journal - Research Article

Tay, S. L., Scott, J. M., & Craw, D. (2020). Natural rehabilitation of arsenic-rich historical tailings at the Alexander mine, Reefton, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2020.1840402

Journal - Research Article

Tian, G., Liu, J., Scott, J. M., Chen, L.-H., Pearson, D. G., Chu, Z., … Luo, Y. (2020). Architecture and evolution of the lithospheric roots beneath circum-cratonic orogenic belts: The Xing'an Mongolia Orogenic Belt and its relationship with adjacent North China and Siberian cratonic roots. Lithos, 376-377, 105798. doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2020.105798

Journal - Research Article

Weightman, E., Craw, D., Rufaut, C., Kerr, G., & Scott, J. (2020). Chemical evolution and evaporation of shallow groundwaters discharging from a gold mine, southern New Zealand. Applied Geochemistry, 122, 104766. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2020.104766

Journal - Research Article

Xu, Y., Liu, J., Xiong, Q., Su, B.-X., Scott, J. M., Xu, B., … Pearson, D. G. (2020). The complex life cycle of oceanic lithosphere: A study of Yarlung-Zangbo ophiolitic peridotites, Tibet. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 277, 175-191. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2020.03.024

Journal - Research Article

Blake, F., Grant, K., MacKenzie, D., Scott, J., & Craw, D. (2019). Surficial arsenic redistribution above gold-mineralised zones in East Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 62(4), 573-587. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2019.1647854

Journal - Research Article

Dickie, J. E., Scott, J. M., Sagar, M. W., & Blakemore, H. (2019). Cretaceous igneous-related mineralisation in the Reefton Goldfield, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 62(1), 87-99. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2018.1529684

Journal - Research Article

Dwight, T., Scott, J. M., & Schwartz, J. J. (2019). Emplacement and Paleozoic and Cretaceous recrystallisation of the Broughton Arm Peridotite in Western Fiordland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 62(1), 72-86. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2018.1528989

Journal - Research Article

Ritchie, T. W., Scott, J. M., & Craw, D. (2019). Garnet compositions track longshore migration of beach placers in western New Zealand. Economic Geology, 114(3), 513-540. doi: 10.5382/econgeo.4647

Journal - Research Article

Robinson, B. A., & Scott, J. M. (2019). Late Devonian contact metamorphism and a possible upper age to gold mineralisation in the northernmost portion of the Reefton Goldfield. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 62(1), 121-130. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2018.1534745

Journal - Research Article

Scott, J. M., & Turnbull, I. McG. (2019). Geology of New Zealand’s Sub-Antarctic Islands. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 62(3), 291-317. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2019.1600557

Journal - Research Article

Scott, J. M., Liu, J., Pearson, D. G., Harris, G. A., Czertowicz, T. A., Woodland, S. J., … Luth, R. W. (2019). Continent stabilisation by lateral accretion of subduction zone-processed depleted mantle residues: Insights from Zealandia. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 507, 175-186. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.11.039

Journal - Research Article

Tarling, M. S., Smith, S. A. F., & Scott, J. M. (2019). Fluid overpressure from chemical reactions in serpentinite within the source region of deep episodic tremor. Nature Geoscience, 12, 1034-1042. doi: 10.1038/s41561-019-0470-z

Journal - Research Article

Tarling, M. S., Smith, S. A. F., Scott, J. M., Rooney, J. S., Viti, C., & Gordon, K. C. (2019). The internal structure and composition of a plate-boundary-scale serpentinite shear zone: The Livingstone Fault, New Zealand. Solid Earth, 10(4), 1025-1047. doi: 10.5194/se-10-1025-2019

Journal - Research Article

van der Meer, Q. H. A., Scott, J. M., Serre, S. H., Whitehouse, M. J., Kristoffersen, M., Le Roux, P. J., & Pope, E. C. (2019). Low-δ18O zircon xenocrysts in alkaline basalts: A window into the complex carbonatite-metasomatic history of the Zealandia lithospheric mantle. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 254, 21-39. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2019.03.029

Journal - Research Article

Wellnitz, A. K., Scott, J. M., Martin, C. E., Palin, J. M., Stirling, C. H., Reid, M. R., … Craw, D. (2019). Carbonation reactions and coupled element and isotope redistribution during shallow crustal gold mineralisation, New Zealand. Mineralium Deposita, 54, 743-760. doi: 10.1007/s00126-018-0838-9

Journal - Research Article

Brenna, M., Cronin, S. J., Smith, I. E. M., Tollan, P. M. E., Scott, J. M., Prior, D. J., … Ukstins, I. A. (2018). Olivine xenocryst diffusion reveals rapid monogenetic basaltic magma ascent following complex storage at Pupuke Maar, Auckland Volcanic Field, New Zealand. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 499, 13-22. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.07.015

Journal - Research Article

Li, P., Scott, J. M., Liu, J., & Xia, Q.-k. (2018). Lateral H2O variation in the Zealandia lithospheric mantle controls orogen width. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 502, 200-209. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.09.004

Journal - Research Article

Negrini, M., Smith, S. A. F., Scott, J. M., & Tarling, M. S. (2018). Microstructural and rheological evolution of calcite mylonites during shear zone thinning: Constraints from the Mount Irene shear zone, Fiordland, New Zealand. Journal of Structural Geology, 106, 86-102. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2017.11.013

Journal - Research Article

Scanlan, E. J., Scott, J. M., Wilson, V. J., Stirling, C. H., Reid, M. R., & Le Roux, P. J. (2018). In situ 87Sr/86Sr of scheelite and calcite reveals proximal and distal fluid-rock interaction during orogenic W-Au mineralization, Otago Schist, New Zealand. Economic Geology, 113(7), 1571-1586. doi: 10.5382/econgeo.2018.4603

Journal - Research Article

Tarling, M. S., Smith, S. A. F., Viti, C., & Scott, J. M. (2018). Dynamic earthquake rupture preserved in a creeping serpentinite shear zone. Nature Communications, 9, 3552. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05965-0

Journal - Research Article

Dalton, H. B., Scott, J. M., Liu, J., Waight, T. E., Pearson, D. G., Brenna, M., … Palin, J. M. (2017). Diffusion-zoned pyroxenes in an isotopically heterogeneous mantle lithosphere beneath the Dunedin Volcanic Group, New Zealand, and their implications for intraplate alkaline magma sources. Lithosphere, 9(3), 463-475. doi: 10.1130/L631.1

Journal - Research Article

Jacob, J.-B., Scott, J. M., Turnbull, R. E., Tarling, M. S., & Sagar, M. W. (2017). High- to ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism in the lower crust: An example resulting from Hikurangi Plateau collision and slab rollback in New Zealand. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 35(8), 831-853. doi: 10.1111/jmg.12257

Journal - Research Article

Smith, S. A. F., Tesei, T., Scott, J. M., & Collettini, C. (2017). Reactivation of normal faults as high-angle reverse faults due to low frictional strength: Experimental data from the Moonlight Fault Zone, New Zealand. Journal of Structural Geology, 105, 34-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2017.10.009

Journal - Research Article

van der Meer, Q. H. A., Waight, T. E., Scott, J. M., & Münker, C. (2017). Variable sources for Cretaceous to recent HIMU and HIMU-like intraplate magmatism in New Zealand. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 469, 27-41. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.03.037

Journal - Research Article

Alder, S., Smith, S. A. F., & Scott, J. M. (2016). Fault-zone structure and weakening processes in basin-scale reverse faults: The Moonlight Fault Zone, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of Structural Geology, 91, 177-194. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2016.09.001

Journal - Research Article

Czertowicz, T. A., Scott, J. M., & Piazolo, S. (2016). Coupled extrusion of sub-arc lithospheric mantle and lower crust during orogen collapse: A case study from Fiordland, New Zealand. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 34(5), 501-524. doi: 10.1111/jmg.12191

Journal - Research Article

Czertowicz, T. A., Scott, J. M., Waight, T. E., Palin, J. M., Van der Meer, Q. H. A., Le Roux, P., … Piazolo, S. (2016). The Anita Peridotite, New Zealand: Ultra-depletion and subtle enrichment in sub-arc mantle. Journal of Petrology, 57(4), 717-750. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egw001

Journal - Research Article

Czertowicz, T. A., Toy, V. G., & Scott, J. M. (2016). Recrystallisation, phase mixing and strain localisation in peridotite during rapid extrusion of sub-arc mantle lithosphere. Journal of Structural Geology, 88, 1-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2016.04.011

Journal - Research Article

Scott, J. M., Brenna, M., Crase, J. A., Waight, T. E., van der Meer, Q., Cooper, A. F., Palin, J. M., … Münker, C. (2016). Peridotitic lithosphere metasomatized by volatile-bearing melts, and its association with intraplate alkaline HIMU-like magmatism. Journal of Petrology, 57(10), 2053-2078. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egw069

Journal - Research Article

Scott, J. M., Liu, J., Pearson, D. G., & Waight, T. E. (2016). Mantle depletion and metasomatism recorded in orthopyroxene in highly depleted peridotites. Chemical Geology, 441, 280-291. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.08.024

Journal - Research Article

van der Meer, Q. H. A., Storey, M., Scott, J. M., & Waight, T. E. (2016). Abrupt spatial and geochemical changes in lamprophyre magmatism related to Gondwana fragmentation prior, during and after opening of the Tasman Sea. Gondwana Research, 36, 142-156. doi: 10.1016/j.gr.2016.04.004

Journal - Research Article

Wang, S.-J., Teng, F.-Z., & Scott, J. M. (2016). Tracing the origin of continental HIMU-like intraplate volcanism using magnesium isotope systematics. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 185, 78-87. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2016.01.007

Journal - Research Article

Gaffney, D., Summerhayes, G. R., Ford, A., Scott, J. M., Denham, T., Field, J., & Dickinson, W. R. (2015). Earliest pottery on New Guinea mainland reveals Austronesian influences in highland environments 3000 years ago. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0134497. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134497

Journal - Research Article

Liu, J., Scott, J. M., Martin, C. E., & Pearson, D. G. (2015). The longevity of Archean mantle residues in the convecting upper mantle and their role in young continent formation. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 424, 109-118. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.027

Journal - Research Article

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