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Publications and conference presentations by Virginia Toy

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Publications

Toy, V. G., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Allen, M. J., Becroft, L., Boles, A., … Cooper, A., … Kirilova, M., … Norris, R., Prior, D., Sauer, K., … Williams, J., Yeo, S., … Craw, L., … Marx, R., … Pooley, B., … & DFDP-2 Science Team. (2017). Bedrock geology of DFDP-2B, central Alpine Fault, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 60(4), 497-518. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2017.1375533

Toy, V. G., Niemeijer, A., Renard, F., Morales, L., & Wirth, R. (2017). Striation and slickenline development on quartz fault surfaces at crustal conditions: Origin and effect on friction. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122(5), 3497-3512. doi: 10.1002/2016JB013498

Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Toy, V., Upton, P., Coussens, J., Allen, M., … Becroft, L., … Cooper, A., … Cox, S., Craw, L., … Grieve, J., … Kirilova, M., … Lukacs, A., … Mathewson, L., … Prior, D., Sauer, K., … Williams, J., … Zimmer, M. (2017). Extreme hydrothermal conditions at an active plate-bounding fault. Nature, 546, 137-140. doi: 10.1038/nature22355

Toy, V. G., Mitchell, T. M., Druiventak, A., & Wirth, R. (2015). Crystallographic preferred orientations may develop in nanocrystalline materials on fault planes due to surface energy interactions. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16(8), 2549-2563. doi: 10.1002/2015GC005857

Toy, V. G., Newman, J., Lamb, W., & Tikoff, B. (2010). The role of pyroxenites in formation of shear instabilities in the mantle: Evidence from an ultramafic ultramylonite, Twin Sisters massif, Washington. Journal of Petrology, 51(1-2), 55-80. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egp059

Journal - Research Article

Boulton, C., Yao, L., Faulkner, D. R., Townend, J., Toy, V. G., Sutherland, R., … Shimamoto, T. (2017). High-velocity frictional properties of Alpine Fault rocks: Mechanical data, microstructural analysis, and implications for rupture propagation. Journal of Structural Geology, 97, 71-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2017.02.003

Toy, V. G., Niemeijer, A., Renard, F., Morales, L., & Wirth, R. (2017). Striation and slickenline development on quartz fault surfaces at crustal conditions: Origin and effect on friction. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122(5), 3497-3512. doi: 10.1002/2016JB013498

Toy, V. G., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Allen, M. J., Becroft, L., Boles, A., … Cooper, A., … Kirilova, M., … Norris, R., Prior, D., Sauer, K., … Williams, J., Yeo, S., … Craw, L., … Marx, R., … Pooley, B., … & DFDP-2 Science Team. (2017). Bedrock geology of DFDP-2B, central Alpine Fault, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 60(4), 497-518. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2017.1375533

Boulton, C., Menzies, C. D., Toy, V. G., Townend, J., & Sutherland, R. (2017). Geochemical and microstructural evidence for interseismic changes in fault zone permeability and strength, Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 18(1), 238-265. doi: 10.1002/2016GC006588

Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Toy, V., Upton, P., Coussens, J., Allen, M., … Becroft, L., … Cooper, A., … Cox, S., Craw, L., … Grieve, J., … Kirilova, M., … Lukacs, A., … Mathewson, L., … Prior, D., Sauer, K., … Williams, J., … Zimmer, M. (2017). Extreme hydrothermal conditions at an active plate-bounding fault. Nature, 546, 137-140. doi: 10.1038/nature22355

Little, T. A., Prior, D. J., & Toy, V. G. (2016). Are quartz LPOs predictably oriented with respect to the shear zone boundary? A test from the Alpine Fault mylonites, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17, 981-999. doi: 10.1002/2015GC006145

Toy, V. G., Mitchell, T. M., Druiventak, A., & Wirth, R. (2015). Crystallographic preferred orientations may develop in nanocrystalline materials on fault planes due to surface energy interactions. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16(8), 2549-2563. doi: 10.1002/2015GC005857

Little, T. A., Prior, D. J., Toy, V. G., & Reid Lindroos, Z. (2015). The link between strength of lattice preferred orientation, second phase content and grain boundary migration: A case study from the Alpine Fault zone, New Zealand. Journal of Structural Geology, 81, 59-77. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2015.09.004

Schleicher, A. M., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Toy, V. G., & van der Pluijm, B. A. (2015). Clay mineral formation and fabric development in the DFDP-1B borehole, central Alpine Fault, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 58(1), 13-21. doi: 10.1080/00288306.2014.979841

Kirkpatrick, J. D., Rowe, C. D., Ujiie, K., Moore, J. C., Regalla, C., Remitti, F., Toy, V., … Chester, F. M. (2015). Structure and lithology of the Japan Trench subduction plate boundary fault. Tectonics, 34(1), 53-69. doi: 10.1002/2014tc003695

Toy, V. G., Boulton, C. J., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Norris, R. J., Little, T. A., Prior, D. J., … Scott, H., & Carpenter, B. M. (2015). Fault rock lithologies and architecture of the central Alpine fault, New Zealand, revealed by DFDP-1 drilling. Lithosphere, 7(2), 155-173. doi: 10.1130/L395.1

Shervais, J., Evans, J., Toy, V., Kirkpatrick, J., Clarke, A., & Eichelberger, J. (2014). Drilling to investigate processes in active tectonics and magmatism. Scientific Drilling, 18(1), 19-33. doi: 10.5194/sd-18-19-2014

Norris, R. J., & Toy, V. G. (2014). Continental transforms: A view from the Alpine Fault. Journal of Structural Geology, 64, 3-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2014.03.003

Boulton, C., Moore, D. E., Lockner, D. A., Toy, V. G., Townend, J., & Sutherland, R. (2014). Frictional properties of exhumed fault gouges in DFDP-1 cores, Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(2), 356-362. doi: 10.1002/2013GL058236

Lund Snee, J.-E., Toy, V. G., & Gessner, K. (2014). Significance of brittle deformation in the footwall of the Alpine Fault, New Zealand: Smithy Creek Fault zone. Journal of Structural Geology, 64, 79-98. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2013.06.002

Scott, J. M., Borcovsky, D. A., Palin, J. M., & Toy, V. G. (2014). Localisation of deformation in the thermal contrast at a granite batholith margin, New Zealand. Journal of Structural Geology, 64, 149-163. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2013.07.013

Carpenter, B. M., Kitajima, H., Sutherland, R., Townend, J., Toy, V. G., & Saffer, D. M. (2014). Hydraulic and acoustic properties of the active Alpine Fault, New Zealand: Laboratory measurements on DFDP-1 drill core. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 390, 45-51. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.12.023

Toy, V. G., Norris, R. J., Prior, D. J., Walrond, M., & Cooper, A. F. (2013). How do lineations reflect the strain history of transpressive shear zones? The example of the active Alpine Fault zone, New Zealand. Journal of Structural Geology, 50, 187-198. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2012.06.006

Ujiie, K., Tanaka, H., Saito, T., Tsutsumi, A., Mori, J. J., Kameda, J., … Expedition 343 and 343T Scientists, including Toy, V. (2013). Low coseismic shear stress on the Tohoku-Oki megathrust determined from laboratory experiments. Science, 342(6163), 1211-1214. doi: 10.1126/science.1243485

Barth, N. C., Boulton, C., Carpenter, B. M., Batt, G. E., & Toy, V. G. (2013). Slip localization on the southern Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Tectonics, 32(3), 620-640. doi: 10.1002/tect.20041

Gillam, B. G., Little, T. A., Smith, E., & Toy, V. G. (2013). Extensional shear band development on the outer margin of the Alpine mylonite zone, Tatare Stream, Southern Alps, New Zealand. Journal of Structural Geology, 53, 1-20. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2013.06.010

Fulton, P. M., Brodsky, E. E., Kano, Y., Mori, J., Chester, F., Ishikawa, T., … Expedition 343, 343T, and KR13-08 Scientists, including Toy, V. (2013). Low coseismic friction on the Tohoku-Oki fault determined from temperate measurements. Science, 342(6163), 1214-1217. doi: 10.1126/science.1243641

Kruckenberg, S. C., Tikoff, B., Toy, V. G., Newman, J., & Young, L. I. (2013). Strain localization associated with channelized melt migration in upper mantle lithosphere: Insights from the Twin Sisters ultramafic complex, Washington, USA. Journal of Structural Geology, 50, 133-147. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2012.10.009

Billia, M. A., Timms, N. E., Toy, V. G., Hart, R. D., & Prior, D. J. (2013). Grain boundary dissolution porosity in quartzofeldspathic ultramylonites: Implications for permeability enhancement and weakening of mid-crustal shear zones. Journal of Structural Geology, 53, 2-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2013.05.004

Chester, F. M., Rowe, C., Ujiie, K., Kirkpatrick, J., Regalla, C., Remitti, F., … Toy, V., … Expedition 343 and 343T Scientists. (2013). Structure and composition of the plate-boundary slip zone for the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Science, 342(6163), 1208-1211. doi: 10.1126/science.1243719

Rowe, C. D., Moore, J. C., Remitti, F., and the IODP Expedition 343/343T Scientists, including Toy, V. (2013). The thickness of subduction plate boundary faults from the seafloor into the seismogenic zone. Geology, 41(9), 991-994. doi: 10.1130/G34556.1

Lin, W., Conin, M., Moore, J. C., Chester, F. M., Nakamura, Y., Mori, J. J., … Expedition 343 Scientists, including Toy, V. (2013). Stress state in the largest displacement area of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Science, 339(6), 687-690. doi: 10.1126/science.1229379

Townend, J., Sutherland, R., Toy, V. G., Eccles, J. D., Boulton, C., Cox, S. C., & McNamara, D. (2013). Late-interseismic state of a continental plate-bounding fault: Petrophysical results from DFDP-1 wireline logging and core analysis, Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14(9), 3801-3820. doi: 10.1002/ggge.20236

Sutherland, R., Toy, V. G., Townend, J., Cox, S. C., Eccles, J. D., Faulkner, D. R., Prior, D. J., Norris, R. J., … Scott, H. R., Lindroos, Z. R., Fleming, B., & Kopf, A. J. (2012). Drilling reveals fluid control on architecture and rupture of the Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geology, 40(12), 1143-1146. doi: 10.1130/G33614.1

Barth, N. C., Toy, V. G., Langridge, R. M., & Norris, R. J. (2012). Scale dependence of oblique plate-boundary partitioning: New insights from LiDAR, central Alpine fault, New Zealand. Lithosphere, 4(5), 435-448. doi: 10.1130/l201.1

Boulton, C., Carpenter, B. M., Toy, V., & Marone, C. (2012). Physical properties of surface outcrop cataclastic fault rocks, Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13(1), Q01018. doi: 10.1029/2011GC003872

Toy, V. G., Prior, D. J., Norris, R. J., Cooper, A. F., & Walrond, M. (2012). Relationships between kinematic indicators and strain during syn-deformational exhumation of an oblique slip, transpressive, plate boundary shear zone: The Alpine Fault, New Zealand. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 333-334, 282-292. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2012.04.037

Dempsey, E. D., Prior, D. J., Mariani, E., Toy, V. G., & Tatham, D. J. (2011). Mica-controlled anisotropy within mid-to-upper crustal mylonites: An EBSD study of mica fabrics in the Alpine Fault Zone, New Zealand. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 360, 33-47. doi: 10.1144/SP360.3

Fagereng, Å., & Toy, V. G. (2011). Geology of the earthquake source: An introduction. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 359, 1-16. doi: 10.1144/SP359.1

Toy, V. G., Ritchie, S., & Sibson, R. H. (2011). Diverse habitats of pseudotachylytes in the Alpine Fault Zone and relationships to current seismicity. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 359, 115-133. doi: 10.1144/SP359.7

Toy, V. G., Craw, D., Cooper, A. F., & Norris, R. J. (2010). Thermal regime in the central Alpine Fault zone, New Zealand: Constraints from microstructures, biotite chemistry and fluid inclusion data. Tectonophysics, 485, 178-192. doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.12.013

Toy, V. G., Newman, J., Lamb, W., & Tikoff, B. (2010). The role of pyroxenites in formation of shear instabilities in the mantle: Evidence from an ultramafic ultramylonite, Twin Sisters massif, Washington. Journal of Petrology, 51(1-2), 55-80. doi: 10.1093/petrology/egp059

Medaris, Jr, G., Ackerman, L., Jelínek, E., Toy, V., Siebel, W., & Tikoff, B. (2009). The Sklené garnet peridotite: Petrology, geochemistry, and structure of a mantle-driven boudin in Moldanubian granulite. Journal of Geosciences, 54(4), 301-323. doi: 10.3190/jgeosci.052

Toy, V. G., & Spörli, K. B. (2008). Stratigraphic and structural evidence for an accretionary precursor to the Northland Allochthon: Mt Camel Terrane, northermost New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 51(4), 331-347. doi: 10.1080/00288300809509869

Toy, V. G., Prior, D. J., & Norris, R. J. (2008). Quartz fabrics in the Alpine Fault mylonites: Influence of pre-existing preferred orientations on fabric development during progressive uplift. Journal of Structural Geology, 30(5), 602-621. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2008.01.001

Schellart, W. P., Lister, G. S., & Toy, V. G. (2006). A Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic reconstruction of the Southwest Pacific region: Tectonics controlled by subduction and slab rollback processes. Earth-Science Reviews, 76, 191-233.

Miller, M. S., Kennett, B. L. N., & Toy, V. G. (2006). Spatial and temporal evolution of the subducting Pacific plate structure along the western Pacific margin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B02401. doi: 10.1029/2005JB003705

Sibson, R. H., & Toy, V. G. (2006). The habitat of fault-generated pseudotachylyte: Presence vs. absence of friction-melt. Geophysical Monograph Series: Earthquakes: Radiated Energy and the Physics of Faulting, 170, 153-166.

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Journal - Research Other

Toy, V. G., Scott, J. M., & Prior, D. J. (2014). Introduction to Journal of Structural Geology special issue on “Continental Transform Faults”. Journal of Structural Geology, 64, 1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2014.03.009

Townend, J., Sutherland, R., & Toy, V. (2009). Deep Fault Drilling Project: Alpine Fault, New Zealand [Workshop report]. Scientific Drilling, 8, 75-82. doi: 10.2204/iodp.sd.8.12.2009

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