Mineralogy, element distribution in rocks, x-ray techniques, silicate crystal structures, mineral and rock compositions. Crystal optics and mineral identification using the petrographic microscope. Introductory petrography, petrology and classification of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.
This paper introduces the physical and chemical principles that control the crystallisation of minerals. A practical and theoretical background to mineral optics, essential to identifying minerals, is provided using petrographic microscopes. Mineralogical knowledge is then applied to the classification of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. This is a compulsory course for all students intending to major in Geology at Otago, and is also a prerequisite to several of the optional 200-300 level papers.
|Paper title||Minerals and Rocks|
|Teaching period||First Semester|
|Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD)||$1,080.30|
|International Tuition Fees (NZD)||$4,858.95|
- GEOL 112 or GEOX 112
- Schedule C
- Background requirements: A basic knowledge of high-school level chemistry will be helpful.
- Teaching staff
- Paper Structure
- Lectures cover five themes:
- Three weeks on crystallography
- Three weeks on optical microscopy
- Two weeks on sedimentary rocks
- Two weeks on igneous rocks
- Two weeks on metamorphic rocks
- Teaching Arrangements
- Two lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week.
- Klein, C. & Philpotts A.R., 2017 Earth Materials. Cambridge University Press
Nesse, W. 2012. Introduction to Optical Mineralogy. Oxford University Press
- Course outline
GEOL251-Minerals-and-Rocks-2018-1.pdf (latest syllabus indicative of content next time the paper is taught)
- Graduate Attributes Emphasised
- Interdisciplinary perspective, Critical thinking, Research, Self-motivation.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
- Learning Outcomes
- Ability to identify a variety of common minerals and rocks in hand specimen
- Basic understanding of crystallography and its relationship to optical mineralogy
- Use of transmitted polarised light microscope to identify minerals and rocks in hand specimen
- Basic understanding of mineral- and rock-forming processes