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Health Sciences profile

Associate Professor Ben Gray

PositionAssociate Professor
DepartmentDepartment of Primary Health Care and General Practice (Wellington)
QualificationsMB ChB FRNZCGP
Research summaryCross cultural care, primary care models of care

Research

Ben's research interests are diverse. Current main focus is around the use of interpreters in medical consultations and Cultural Competence. Other interests are Long Term Condition management, interprofessional practice, reflective practice in undergraduate education and patient safety. He completed a Master's in Bioethics and Health Law in 2014. His dissertation was titled: How does the concept of Cultural Competence affect the practice of Bioethics and Health Law?.

Publications

Gray, B. (2022). General practitioners in leadership and governance. New Zealand Medical Journal, 135(1554), 140-141. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Gray, B. (2022). Capacity and decision making [Response]. Journal of Medical Ethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2022-108287

Gray, B. (2021). Working with interpreters. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (14th ed.) (pp. 247-258). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

Gray, B. (2021). The power of judgement regarding Covid-19 policies or practices: A reflection from New Zealand. Władza Sądzenia, 34-45. Retrieved from https://wladzasadzenia.pl/nr/21-2021

McKinlay, E., Bycroft, J., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Morris, C., & Pullon, S. (2021). Interdisciplinary collaboration: Working in teams for patient care. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (14th ed.) (pp. 23-44). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

Gray, B., Stubbe, M., & Hilder, J. (2021). Better health outcomes as the goal of working with healthcare interpreters: the perspectives of patients and clinicians. In J. Wakabayashi & N. O'Hagan (Eds.), Translating and interpreting in Australia and New Zealand: Distance and diversity. New York, NY: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781003150770

Chapter in Book - Research

Gray, B. (2020). Cultural diversity and the role of interpreters. In A. Douglass, G. Young & J. McMillan (Eds.), Assessment of mental capacity: A New Zealand guide for doctors and lawyers. (pp. 139-141). Wellington, New Zealand: Victoria University of Wellington Press. [Contribution].

Chapter in Book - Research

Gray, B. (2020). The relevance of cultural competence to resolving disputes in relation to medical decisions for children. In I. Goold, C. Auckland & J. Herring (Eds.), Medical decision-making on behalf of young children: A comparative perspective. (pp. 325-339). Oxford, UK: Hart Publishing.

Chapter in Book - Research

Gray, B., Hilder, J., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., Dowell, A., & Stubbe, M. (2017). A New Zealand perspective on providing healthcare for patients with limited English proficiency. In E. A. Jacobs & L. C. Diamond (Eds.), Providing health care in the context of language barriers. (pp. 189-209). Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Chapter in Book - Research

Gray, B. (2015). A case study of complexity and health policy: Planning for a pandemic. In R. Geyer & P. Cairney (Eds.), Handbook on complexity and public policy. (pp. 384-398). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. doi: 10.4337/9781782549529.00031

Chapter in Book - Research

Gray, B. (2021). Working with interpreters. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (14th ed.) (pp. 247-258). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

Chapter in Book - Other

McKinlay, E., Bycroft, J., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Morris, C., & Pullon, S. (2021). Interdisciplinary collaboration: Working in teams for patient care. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (14th ed.) (pp. 23-44). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

Chapter in Book - Other

Gray, B. (2017). Working with interpreters. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (13th ed.) (pp. 303-314). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

Chapter in Book - Other

McKinlay, E., Bycroft, J., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Morris, C., & Pullon, S. (2017). Interdisciplinary collaboration: Working in teams for patient care. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (13th ed.) (pp. 81-99). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

Chapter in Book - Other

Gray, B. (2013). The use of interpreters. In I. St George (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (12th ed.) (pp. 83-89). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

Chapter in Book - Other

McKinlay, E., Gray, B., & Pullon, S. (2013). Interdisciplinary collaboration: Working in teams for patient care. In I. St George (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (12th ed.) (pp. 143-149). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

Chapter in Book - Other

Gray, B. (2021). The power of judgement regarding Covid-19 policies or practices: A reflection from New Zealand. Władza Sądzenia, 34-45. Retrieved from https://wladzasadzenia.pl/nr/21-2021

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B., & Hilder, J. (2021). The ethics of interpreter use. Clinical Ethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1477750921994276

Journal - Research Article

McKinlay, E., Banks, D., Coleman, K., Darlow, B., Dungey, G., Farr, T., Fyfe, R., Gray, B., Kemp, L., … Morris, C., Myers, J., … Perry, M., … Pullon, S. (2021). Keeping it going: The importance of delivering interprofessional education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Primary Health Care, 13(4), 359-369. doi: 10.1071/HC21070

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B. (2020). COVID-19 from Wellington New Zealand. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 17, 633-638. doi: 10.1007/s11673-020-10038-3

Journal - Research Article

Lukey, R., Gray, B., & Morris, C. (2020). 'We're just seen as people that give out the methadone...': Exploring the role of community pharmacists in the opioid substitution treatment team. Journal of Primary Health Care, 12(4), 358-367. doi: 10.1071/HC20108

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B. (2019). (Bio)ethics in a pluralistic society. Challenges, 10, 12. doi: 10.3390/challe10010012

Journal - Research Article

Hilder, J., Gray, B., & Stubbe, M. (2019). Health navigation and interpreting services for patients with limited English proficiency: A narrative literature review. Journal of Primary Health Care, 11(3), 217-226. doi: 10.1071/HC18067

Journal - Research Article

Hilder, J., Gray, B., & Stubbe, M. (2019). Integrating health navigation and interpreting services for patients with limited English proficiency: Views of Pacific navigators. Pacific Health Dialog, 21(3), 116-127. doi: 10.26635/phd.2019.602

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B., & Brunger, F. (2018). (Mis)understandings and uses of ‘culture’ in bioethics deliberations over parental refusal of treatment: Children with cancer. Clinical Ethics, 13(2), 55-66. doi: 10.1177/1477750917738109

Journal - Research Article

McKinlay, E., Young, J., & Gray, B. (2018). General practice and patients' views of the social networks of patients with multimorbidity. Journal of Primary Health Care, 10(3), 258-266. doi: 10.1071/HC17050

Journal - Research Article

Ballantyne, A. J., Dai, E., & Gray, B. (2017). Patient participation in clinical ethics support services: Patient-centered care, justice and cultural competence. Clinical Ethics, 12(1), 11-18. doi: 10.1177/1477750916661976

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B. (2017). How should we respond to non-dominant healing practices, the example of homeopathy. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 14(1), 87-96. doi: 10.1007/s11673-016-9760-y

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B. (2017). Not-for-profit health services and hybridisation. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(3), 193-196. doi: 10.1071/HC17021

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B., Hilder, J., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., Dowell, A., & Stubbe, M. (2017). Are research ethics guidelines culturally competent? Research Ethics, 13(1), 23-41. doi: 10.1177/1747016116650235

Journal - Research Article

Hilder, J., Gray, B., Dowell, A., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., & Stubbe, M. (2017). ‘It depends on the consultation’: Revisiting use of family members as interpreters for general practice consultations – when and why? Australian Journal of Primary Health, 23, 257-262. doi: 10.1071/PY16053

Journal - Research Article

McKinlay, E. M., Morgan, S. J., Gray, B. V., Macdonald, L. M., & Pullon, S. R. H. (2017). Exploring interprofessional, interagency multimorbidity care: Case study based observational research. Journal of Comorbidity, 7(1), 64-78. doi: 10.15256/joc.2017.7.103

Journal - Research Article

Morgan, S. J., Pullon, S. R. H., Macdonald, L. M., McKinlay, E. M., & Gray, B. V. (2017). Case study observational research: A framework for conducting case study research where observation data are the focus. Qualitative Health Research, 27(7), 1060-1068. doi: 10.1177/1049732316649160

Journal - Research Article

Darlow, B., Donovan, S., Coleman, K., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2016). What makes an interprofessional education programme meaningful to students? Findings from focus group interviews with students based in New Zealand. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 30(3), 355-361. doi: 10.3109/13561820.2016.1141189

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B. (2016). Clinical ethics cultural competence and the importance of dialogue: A case study. Clinical Research & Bioethics, 7(1), 256. doi: 10.4172/2155-9627.1000256

Journal - Research Article

Moore, J., Stokes, T., & Gray, B. (2016). The New Zealand Coroners Amendment Bill's proposed approach to health care-related deaths that are reportable to the coroner. Journal of Law & Medicine, 23, 557-570.

Journal - Research Article

Pullon, S., Morgan, S., Macdonald, L., McKinlay, E., & Gray, B. (2016). Observation of interprofessional collaboration in primary care practice: A multiple case study. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 30(6), 787-794. doi: 10.1080/13561820.2016.1220929

Journal - Research Article

Darlow, B., Coleman, K., McKinlay, E., Donovan, S., Beckingsale, L., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. (2015). The positive impact of interprofessional education: A controlled trial to evaluate a programme for health professional students. BMC Medical Education, 15, 98. doi: 10.1186/s12909-015-0385-3

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B. (2015). Culturally competent bioethics: Analysis of a case study. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 12(2), 361-367. doi: 10.1007/s11673-015-9636-6

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B., & Gillett, G. (2014). Was the tragedy of Tovia Laufau caused by an absence of trust? Journal of Law & Medicine, 21(4), 780-788.

Journal - Research Article

Parry, R., Jones, B., Gray, B., & Ingham, T. (2014). Applying a Māori-centred consultation approach for engaging with Māori patients: An undergraduate medical student case study. Journal of Primary Health Care, 6(3), 254-260.

Journal - Research Article

Pullon, S., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Perry, M., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Gallagher, P., Hoare, K., & Morgan, S. (2013). Interprofessional education for physiotherapy, medical and dietetics students: A pilot programme. Journal of Primary Health Care, 5(1), 52-58.

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B., Hilder, J., & Stubbe, M. (2012). How to use interpreters in general practice: The development of a New Zealand toolkit. Journal of Primary Health Care, 4(1), 52-61. doi: 10.1071/HC12052

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B., Hilder, J., & Donaldson, H. (2011). Why do we not use trained interpreters for all patients with limited English proficiency? Is there a place for using family members? Australian Journal of Primary Health, 17, 240-249. doi: 10.1071/PY10075

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B., Stanley, J., Stubbe, M., & Hilder, J. (2011). Communication difficulties with limited English proficiency patients: Clinician perceptions of clinical risk and patterns of use of interpreters. New Zealand Medical Journal, 124(1342). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/124-1342/4861/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

McKinlay, E., McBain, L., & Gray, B. (2009). Teaching and learning about chronic conditions management for undergraduate medical students: Utilizing the patient-as-teacher approach. Chronic Illness, 5(3), 209-218. doi: 10.1177/1742395309343812

Journal - Research Article

Yang, C.-F., & Gray, B. (2008). Bilingual medical students as interpreters: What are the benefits and risks? New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1282). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1282/3273/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Gray, B. (2022). Capacity and decision making [Response]. Journal of Medical Ethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2022-108287

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2022). General practitioners in leadership and governance. New Zealand Medical Journal, 135(1554), 140-141. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2021). How should we respond to the global pandemic: The need for cultural change. Challenges, 12(1), 8. doi: 10.3390/challe12010008

Journal - Research Other

Hall, K. H., Doolan-Noble, F., McKinlay, E., Currie, O., Gray, B., Gray, L., Richard, L., Stubbe, M., & Jaye, C. (2020). Ethics and equity in the time of coronavirus. Journal of Primary Health Care, 12(2), 102-106. doi: 10.1071/HCv12n2_ED2

Journal - Research Other

Barthow, C., Hood, F., McKinlay, E., Hilder, J., Cleghorn, C., Huthwaite, M., Weatherall, M., Parry-Strong, A., Pullon, S., Gray, B., Wickens, K., Crane, J., & Krebs, J. (2019). Food 4 Health: He Oranga Kai: Assessing the efficacy, acceptability and economic implications of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and β-glucan to improve glycated haemoglobin, metabolic health, and general well-being in adults with pre-diabetes: Study protocol for a 2 x 2 factorial design, parallel group, placebo-controlled randomized controlled trial, with embedded qualitative study and economic analysis. Trials, 20, 464. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3553-7

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2019). New Zealand needs a comprehensive interpreting service. New Zealand Medical Journal, 132(1504), 95-98. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2019). Sun protection policy in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 132(1499), 78-79. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B., & Coker, T. R. (2019). When shared decision-making and evidence based practice clash: Infant sleep practices. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 55(9), 1009-1012. doi: 10.1111/jpc.14577

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2018). Acupuncture and the Medicines Act: A reply. New Zealand Medical Journal, 1476(131), 98-99. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2018). Culture, cultural competence and the cross-cultural consultation. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 54(4), 343-345. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13769

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2017). Response to case study “A case based reflection on communicating end of life information in non-English speaking patients”. Patient Education & Counseling, 100(6), 1242-1243. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2017.01.007

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2017). The Cynefin framework: Applying an understanding of complexity to medicine. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(4), 258-261. doi: 10.1071/HC17002

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B., & Hardt, E. J. (2017). A comparison of the use of interpreters in New Zealand and the US. New Zealand Medical Journal, 130(1456), 70-75. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2016). Culturally competent clinical ethics: Case study response: Response to case study: A family requests that their grandmother, who does not speak English, is not informed of her terminal diagnosis. Clinical Ethics, 11(4), 214-216. doi: 10.1177/1477750916657668

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2016). English as a second language and outcomes of patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes: Results from the CONCORDANCE registry. Medical Journal of Australia, 205(3), 140. doi: 10.5694/mja16.00483

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2015). Lead maternity care needs to be embedded in general practice: The 'yes' case. Journal of Primary Health Care, 7(1), 71-73. [Commentary].

Journal - Research Other

Coleman, K., Darlow, B., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Donovan, S., Stanley, J., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2014). Does interprofessional education make a difference to students' attitudes to practice? [Brief communication]. Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences, 45(4), 344-345. doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2014.10.004

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2014). Bioethics for New Zealand/Aotearoa. New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1397). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2014). Emergency departments' cost and primary care. New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1388). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2014). Regular practice review. Journal of Primary Health Care, 6(3), 262-263. [Letter].

Journal - Research Other

Pullon, S., Gray, B., Steinmetz, M., & Molineux, C. (2014). Midwifery-led care embedded within primary care: Consumer satisfaction with a model in New Zealand [Short report]. Journal of Primary Health Care, 6(4), 319-323.

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2013). Bariatric surgery. New Zealand Medical Journal, 126(1387). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2013). Communication with non-English-speaking patients. Journal of Primary Health Care, 5(2), 175. [Letter].

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2013). Prostate cancer screening in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 126(1383). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2011). Lifetime cardiovascular risk [Letter]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 124(1336). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/124-1336/4719/content.pdf

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2010). [Review of the book Interpreting in New Zealand: The pathway forward]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1310). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/123-1310/4020/content.pdf

Journal - Research Other

Gray, B. (2009). The workforce shortage disadvantages those in greatest need [Guest editorial]. Journal of Primary Health Care, 1(2), 99-100.

Journal - Research Other

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