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Health Sciences profile

Professor John McMillan

PositionProfessor
DepartmentBioethics Centre
QualificationsBA(Hons) PhD(Otago)
Research summaryPrioritisation, reproductive ethics, the philosophy and ethics of mental health, research ethics, and the methods of bioethics.
Teaching
  • Co-ordinator, BITC 403 Issues in Law, Ethics and Medicine
  • Co-ordinator, BITC 405 Bioethics in Clinical Practice
  • Convenor ALM Christchurch
  • Teach into BITC 404 Health Care Ethics
  • Teach into MICN 201–501
Memberships
  • Member, Advisory Committee for Assisted Reproductive Technology
  • Member, National Screening Advisory Committee
  • Series Editor, Research Ethics Forum (Springer)
  • Reviews Editor, Journal of Applied Philosophy
  • Editor in Chief, The Journal of Medical Ethics

Research

John has published broadly within bioethics.

His book projects include Principles of Healthcare Ethics (with Ashcroft, Dawson, and Draper) 2007, Empirical Ethics in Psychiatry (with Widdershoven, Hope, and Van der Scheer) OUP 2008, The Limits of Consent (with Corrigan, Liddell, Richards, and Weijer) OUP 2009, and Responsibility and Psychopathy: Interfacing Law, Psychiatry, and Philosophy (with Malatesti) OUP 2010.

His most recent book is The Methods of Bioethics: An Essay in Metabioethics which was published in 2018.

Publications

McMillan, J. (2019). Psychiatric ethics. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), International encyclopedia of ethics. Wiley-Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee070.pub2

McMillan, J. (2019). Alastair V. Campbell and the 'why' of medical ethics. In V. T. Chuan, R. Huxtable & N. Peart (Eds.), Healthcare ethics, law and professionalism: Essays on the works of Alastair V. Campbell. (pp. 33-44). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

McMillan, J. (2019). Psychosurgery. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), International encyclopedia of ethics. Wiley-Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee064.pub2

McMillan, J., Lawn, S., & Delany-Crowe, T. (2019). Trust and community treatment orders. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 349. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00349

McMillan, J. (2019). Responsibility for health [Concise argument]. Journal of Medical Ethics, 45(10), 627-628. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2019-105830

Authored Book - Research

McMillan, J. (2018). The methods of bioethics: An essay in meta-bioethics. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 196p.

Gillett, G., & McMillan, J. (2001). Consciousness and intentionality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 261p.

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Edited Book - Research

Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (Eds.). (2010). Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. Oxford University Press, 329p.

Corrigan, O., McMillan, J., Liddell, K., Richards, M., & Weijer, C. (Eds.). (2009). The limits of consent: A socio-ethical approach to human subject research in medicine. Oxford University Press, 256p. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231461.001.0001

Widdershoven, G., McMillan, J., Hope, T., & van der Scheer, L. (Eds.). (2008). Empirical ethics in psychiatry. Oxford University Press, 264p.

Ashcroft, R. E., Dawson, A., Draper, H., & McMillan, J. (Eds.). (2007). Principles of health care ethics (2nd ed.). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 864p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

McMillan, J. (2019). Psychiatric ethics. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), International encyclopedia of ethics. Wiley-Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee070.pub2

McMillan, J. (2019). Psychosurgery. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), International encyclopedia of ethics. Wiley-Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee064.pub2

McMillan, J. (2019). Alastair V. Campbell and the 'why' of medical ethics. In V. T. Chuan, R. Huxtable & N. Peart (Eds.), Healthcare ethics, law and professionalism: Essays on the works of Alastair V. Campbell. (pp. 33-44). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

McMillan, J. (2018). Containing violence and controlling desire. In D. Birks & T. Douglas (Eds.), Treatment for crime: Philosophical essays on neurointerventions in criminal justice. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Snelling, J., & McMillan, J. (2017). Equality: Old debates, new technologies. In R. Brownsword, E. Scotford & K. Yeung (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of law, regulation, and technology. (pp. 69-89). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199680832.013.3

McMillan, J. (2017). Empirical bioethics and the fact/value distinction. In J. Ives, M. Dunn & A. Cribb (Eds.), Empirical bioethics: Theoretical and practical perspectives. (pp. 17-32). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/9781139939829

McMillan, J. (2016). Conservative and critical morality in debate about reproductive technologies. In S. Clarke, J. Savulescu, C. A. J. Coady, A. Giubilini & S. Sanyal (Eds.), The ethics of human enhancement: Understanding the debate. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.003.0007

McMillan, J., Snelling, J., & Gavaghan, C. (2016). Psihopati, sigurnosno zatvaranje po punom izvršenju kazne zatvora i retorika rizika [Psychopaths, post-sentence preventive detention and the rhetoric of risk]. In S. Prijić-Samaržija, L. Malatesti & E. Baccarini (Eds.), Moralni, politički i epistemološki odgovori na društvene devijacije [Moral, political, epistemological responses to social deviations]. (pp. 201-217). Rijeki, Croatia: Filozofski facultet u Rijeci.

Snelling, J., & McMillan, J. (2015). Psychosurgery. In H. ten Have (Ed.), Encyclopedia of global bioethics. Springer International. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-05544-2_356-1

McMillan, J. (2015). Bioethics. In E. Handsley, C. MacDougall & M. Rich (Eds.), Children's wellbeing in the media age: Multidisciplinary perspectives from the Harvard-Australia Symposium. (pp. 77-89). Sydney, Australia: Federation Press.

Walker, S., & McMillan, J. (2015). Memory, identity and dementia. In T. Schramme & S. Edwards (Eds.), Handbook of the philosophy of medicine. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-8706-2_64-1

McMillan, J. (2014). Sex selection. In Bioethics. (4th ed.) (pp. 2723-2728). Cengage Learning.

McMillan, J. (2014). Electroconvulsive therapy [Addendum]. In Bioethics. (4th ed.) (pp. 916-918). Cengage Learning.

McMillan, J. (2013). Psychiatric ethics. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), International encyclopedia of ethics. (pp. 4186-4195). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee070

McMillan, J. (2013). Psychosurgery. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), International encyclopedia of ethics. (pp. 4206-4211). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. doi: 10.1002/9781444367072.wbiee064

McMillan, J. (2011). Public health research ethics: Is non-exploitation the new principle for population-based research ethics? In A. Dawson (Ed.), Public health ethics: Key concepts and issues in policy and practice. (pp. 174-190). Cambridge University Press.

Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (2010). Defending PCL-R. In L. Malatesti & J. McMillan (Eds.), Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. (pp. 79-91). New York: Oxford University Press.

Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (2010). Conclusions: Psychopathy and responsibility, a rejoinder. In L. Malatesti & J. McMillan (Eds.), Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. (pp. 319-323). New York: Oxford University Press.

McMillan, J., & Malatesti, L. (2010). Responsibility and psychopathy. In L. Malatesti & J. McMillan (Eds.), Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. (pp. 185-197). New York: Oxford University Press.

McMillan, J. (2010). Prozac, authenticity, and the Aristotelian mean. In M. Häyry, T. Takala, P. Herissone-Kelly & G. Árnason (Eds.), Arguments and analysis in bioethics. (pp. 185-196). Amsterdam: Rodopi.

McMillan, J., & Malatesti, L. (2010). Introduction: Interfacing law, philosophy, and psychiatry. In L. Malatesti & J. McMillan (Eds.), Responsibility and psychopathy: Interfacing law, psychiatry, and philosophy. (pp. 1-5). New York: Oxford University Press.

McMillan, J. R. (2007). Introduction. In R. E. Ashcroft, A. Dawson, H. Draper & J. McMillan (Eds.), Principles of health care ethics. (2nd ed.) (pp. 1-2). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

McMillan, J. R. (2007). Mental illness and compulsory treatment. In R. E. Ashcroft, A. Dawson, H. Draper & J. McMillan (Eds.), Principles of health care ethics. (2nd ed.) (pp. 443-448). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Gillett, G., & McMillan, J. (2002). Consent as empowerment: the roles of postmodern and narrative ethics. In K. W. M. Fulford, D. Dickinson & T. H. Murray (Eds.), Health Care Ethics and Human Values: an introductory text with readings and case studies. (pp. 225-228). Oxford: Blackwell.

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Journal - Research Article

McMillan, J., Lawn, S., & Delany-Crowe, T. (2019). Trust and community treatment orders. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 349. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00349

McMillan, J., & King, M. (2017). Why be moral in a virtual world? Journal of Practical Ethics, 5(2), 30-48. Retrieved from http://www.jpe.ox.ac.uk/

Kerruish, N. J., McMillan, J., & Wheeler, B. J. (2017). The ethics of parental refusal of newborn vitamin K prophylaxis. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 53(1), 8-11. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13364

Lawn, S., Delany, T., Pulvirenti, M., Smith, A., & McMillan, J. (2016). Examining the use of metaphors to understand the experience of community treatment orders for patients and mental health workers. BMC Psychiatry, 16, 82. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-0791-z

Foster Page, L. A., Chen, V., Gibson, B., & McMillan, J. (2016). Overcoming structural inequalities in oral health: The role of dental curricula. Community Dental Health, 33(2), 168-172. doi: 10.1922/CDH_3719Foster05

Chen, V., Foster Page, L., McMillan, J., Lyons, K., & Gibson, B. (2016). Measuring the attitudes of dental students towards social accountability following dental education: Qualitative findings. Medical Teacher, 38(6), 599-606. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2015.1060303

Lawn, S., Delany, T., Pulvirenti, M., Smith, A., & McMillan, J. (2015). A qualitative study examining the presence and consequences of moral framings in patients' and mental health workers' experiences of community treatment orders. BMC Psychiatry, 15, 274. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0653-0

de Lacey, S. L., Peterson, K., & McMillan, J. (2015). Child interests in assisted reproductive technology: How is the welfare principle applied in practice? Human Reproduction, 30(3), 616-624. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deu343

Broadbent, J. M., Wills, R., McMillan, J., Drummond, B. K., & Whyman, R. (2015). Evaluation of evidence behind some recent claims against community water fluoridation in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 45(3), 161-178. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2015.1056193

Kerruish, N., & McMillan, J. R. (2015). Parental reasoning about growth attenuation therapy: Report of a single-case study. Journal of Medical Ethics, 41, 745-749. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2013-101913

McMillan, J., Walker, S., & Hope, T. (2014). Valuing hope. Monash Bioethics Review, 32(1-2), 33-42. doi: 10.1007/s40592-014-0006-7

McMillan, J. (2014). Making sense of child welfare when regulating human reproductive technologies. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 11(1), 47-55. doi: 10.1007/s11673-013-9495-y

Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (2014). Defending psychopathy: An argument from values and moral responsibility. Theoretical Medicine & Bioethics, 35(1), 7-16. doi: 10.1007/s11017-014-9277-5

Pulvirenti, M., McMillan, J., & Lawn, S. (2014). Empowerment, patient centred care and self-management. Health Expectations, 17(3), 303-310. doi: 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00757.x

Jiang, Y., Foster Page, L. A., McMillan, J., Lyons, K., Broadbent, J., & Morgaine, K. C. (2014). Is New Zealand water fluoridation justified? New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1406). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

McMillan, J. (2014). The kindest cut? Surgical castration, sex offenders and coercive offers. Journal of Medical Ethics, 40, 583-590. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2012-101030

McMillan, J., & Bowyer, L. (2014). An unfortunate experiment? The future of ethical review in New Zealand. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 23(3), 268-271. doi: 10.1017/S096318011300087X

McMillan, J., Hope, T., & Wilkinson, D. (2013). Precision and the rules of prioritization. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 22, 336-345. doi: 10.1017/S0963180113000182

Lawn, S., McMillan, J., Comley, Z., Smith, A., & Brayley, J. (2013). Mental health recovery and voting: Why being treated as a citizen matters and how we can do it. Journal of Psychiatric & Mental Health Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jpm.12109

Hope, T., Tan, J., Stewart, A., & McMillan, J. (2013). Agency, ambivalence and authenticity: The many ways in which anorexia nervosa can affect autonomy. International Journal of Law in Context, 9(1), 20-36. doi: 10.1017/S1744552312000456

Hope, T., & McMillan, J. (2012). Physicians' duties and the non-identity problem. American Journal of Bioethics, 12(8), 21-29. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2012.692432

Hope, T., McMillan, J., & Hill, E. (2012). Intensive care triage: Priority should be independent of whether patients are already receiving intensive care. Bioethics, 26(5), 259-266. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8519.2010.01852.x

Lawn, S., McMillan, J., & Pulvirenti, M. (2011). Chronic condition self-management: Expectations of responsibility. Patient Education & Counseling, 84(2), e5-e8. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2010.07.008

McMillan, J., & Gillett, G. (2011). A Husserlian account of mental distance and unconscious desire. Journal for Philosophy & Psychiatry, (April). Retrieved from http://www.jfpp.org/80+M544f671c0ee.html

McMillan, J., & Hope, T. (2010). Balancing principles, QALYs, and the straw men of resource allocation. American Journal of Bioethics, 10(4), 48-50. doi: 10.1080/15265161003632971

McMillan, J. (2010). Human rights: The normative engine of fairness and research in developing countries. American Journal of Bioethics, 10(6), 47-49. doi: 10.1080/15265161003728811

Stones, M., & McMillan, J. (2010). Payment for participation in research: A pursuit for the poor? Journal of Medical Ethics, 36, 34-36. doi: 10.1136/jme.2009.030965

McMillan, J. (2010). Understanding and Jaspers: Naturalizing the phenomenology of psychiatry. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy, 6(1), 43-54.

Schmidt, H., Mehring, S., & McMillan, J. (2010). Interpreting the Declaration of Helsinki (2008): "Must", "should" and different kinds of obligation. Medicine & Law, 29(4), 565-591.

McMillan, J., Wright, B., Davidson, G., & Bennett, J. (2009). Criminal records and studying medicine: Should a spent conviction prevent entry to medical school? Student BMJ, 17, b935. doi: 10.1136/sbmj.b935

McMillan, J. (2007). The return of the inseminator: Eutelegenesis in past and contemporary reproductive ethics. Studies in History & Philosophy of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, 38, 393-410. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2007.03.006

McMillan, J., Sheehan, M., Austin, D., & Howell, J. (2006). Ethics and opportunity costs: Have NICE grasped the ethics of priority setting? Journal of Medical Ethics, 32, 127-128. doi: 10.1136/jme.2005.014860

Foster, C., Hope, T., & McMillan, J. (2006). Submissions from non-existent claimants: The non-identity problem and the law. Medicine & Law, 25(1), 159-173.

Hope, T., & McMillan, J. (2004). Challenge studies of human volunteers: Ethical issues. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30(1), 110-116. doi: 10.1136/jme.2003.004440

McMillan, J. R., & Conlon, C. (2004). The ethics of research related to health care in developing countries. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30, 204-206. doi: 10.1136/jme.2002.001263

McMillan, J. (2004). Is corporate money bad for bioethics? Studies in History & Philosophy of Biological & Biomedical Sciences, 35, 167-175. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsc.2003.12.012

Tan, J. O. A., & McMillan, J. R. (2004). The discrepancy between the legal definition of capacity and the British Medical Association's guidelines. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30(5), 427-429. doi: 10.1136/jme.2003.003822

McMillan, J. (2002). Sex selection in the United Kingdom. Hastings Center Report, 32(1), 28-31. doi: 10.2307/3528294

McHaffie, H. E., Laing, I. A., Parker, M., & McMillan, J. (2001). Deciding for imperilled newborns: Medical authority or parental autonomy? Journal of Medical Ethics, 27(2), 104-109. doi: 10.1136/jme.27.2.104

Gauld, R. D. C., & McMillan, J. (1999). Ethics committees and qualitative health research in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 112(1089), 195-197.

McMillan, J. R. (1997). Bioethics in an interdependant world. Otago Bioethics Report, 6(1), 1-2.

McMillan, J. R., & Anderson, L. C. (1997). Knowledge and power in the clinical setting. Bioethics, 11(3-4), 265-270.

McMillan, J. R. (1996). A commentary on Moore's and Mulgan's open letter to National Ethics Committee on assisted human reproduction. Otago Bioethics Report, 5(3), 7-8.

Gillett, G. R., & McMillan, J. R. (1996). Ethical issues raised by assisted human reproduction: an introduction. Otago Bioethics Report, 5(3), 3-4.

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Journal - Research Other

McMillan, J. (2019). Responsibility for health [Concise argument]. Journal of Medical Ethics, 45(10), 627-628. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2019-105830

McMillan, J. (2019). The concise argument: The importance of consent and choice. Journal of Medical Ethics, 45(5), 285-286. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2019-105509

McMillan, J. (2019). Clinical ethics and the duty of care. Journal of Medical Ethics, 45(6), 355-356. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2019-105613

McMillan, J. (2019). Grounded ethical analysis. Journal of Medical Ethics, 45(1), 1-2. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2018-105272

McMillan, J. R. (2018). The importance of ethical expertise. Journal of Medical Ethics, 44(12), 799-800. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2018-105237

McMillan, J., Malpas, P., Walker, S., & Jonas, M. (2018). Ethics education in New Zealand medical schools. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 27(3), 470-473. doi: 10.1017/S096318011700086X

McMillan, J. (2018). Good medical ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics, 44(8), 511-512. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2018-105041

Jurjako, M., Malatesti, L., & McMillan, J. (2018). Introduction Psychopathy: Philosophical and empirical challenges. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy, 14(1), 5-14. [Editorial].

McMillan, J. (2018). Acquired brain injury, mental illness, and the subtleties of competence assessment. Philosophy, Psychiatry & Psychology, 25(1), 25-27. [Commentary].

McMillan, J. R. (2018). Different ways to argue about medical ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics, 44(11), 727-728. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2018-105180

McMillan, J. (2016). What are clinical ethics advisory groups for? New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1441), 8-9. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Ballantyne, A., Gavaghan, C., McMillan, J., & Pullon, S. (2016). Pregnancy and the culture of extreme risk aversion. American Journal of Bioethics, 16(2), 21-23. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2015.1120801

McMillan, J. (2014). Surgical castration, coercive offers and coercive effects: It is still not about consent. Journal of Medical Ethics, 40(9), 596. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2013-101507

King, M., Gavaghan, C., & McMillan, J. (2014). Medical regulation of cognitive enhancement devices: Some concerns. Journal of Law & the Biosciences, 1(3), 334-339. doi: 10.1093/jlb/lsu020

McMillan, J. R. (2012). Psychiatric ethics and the methodological virtues of bioethics. Journal of Medical Ethics, 38(4), 194. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2012-100566

Hope, T., & McMillan, J. (2011). Advance decisions, chronic mental illness, and everyday care. Lancet, 377(9783), 2076-2077.

McMillan, J. (2010). Coercive offers and research participation: A comment on Wertheimer and Miller [Commentary]. Journal of Medical Ethics, 36, 383-384. doi: 10.1136/jme.2010.035931

McMillan, J., & Hope, T. (2010). Justice-based obligations in intensive care. Lancet, 375(9721), 1156-1157. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60503-X

McMillan, J., & Coveney, J. (2010). What took you so long? Sociology's recent foray into food [Editorial]. Health Sociology Review, 19(3), 282-284.

McMillan, J., & Gillett, G. (2005). Moral responsibility, consciousness and psychiatry. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 39, 1018-1021. doi: 10.1080/j.1440-1614.2005.01720.x

McMillan, J. (2005). Doing what's best and best interests [Commentary]. BMJ, 330(7499), 1069.2. doi: 10.1136/bmj.330.7499.1069-a

McMillan, J., & Sheehan, M. (2005). Ethical review and ethical behaviour [Commentary]. BMJ, 330(7489), 473.1. doi: 10.1136/bmj.330.7489.473

McMillan, J. R. (2003). NICE, the draft fertility guideline and dodging the big question [Editorial]. Journal of Medical Ethics, 29(6), 313-314. doi: 10.1136/jme.29.6.313

McMillan, J. (2002). Ethics and clinical ethics committee education. HEC Forum, 14(1), 45-52. doi: 10.1023/A:1020921415184

Slowther, A., & McMillan, J. (2002). The development of healthcare (clinical) ethics committees in the U.K. [Editorial]. HEC Forum, 14(1), 1-3. doi: 10.1023/A:1020914010640

Slowther, A., Hill, D., & McMillan, J. (2002). Clinical ethics committees: Opportunity or threat? HEC Forum, 14(1), 4-12. doi: 10.1023/A:1020952813366

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