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Health Sciences profile

Professor Brian Darlow

PositionEmeritus Cure Kids Professor of Paediatric Research
DepartmentDepartment of Paediatrics (UOC)
QualificationsMA MD (Cantab) FRCP FRACP
Research summaryPaediatrics, especially neonates

Research

Brian Darlow trained in the United Kingdom and New Zealand, with a spell in Papua New Guinea. He returned to the department as Senior Lecturer in 1982 and was appointed to the Chair of Paediatrics in 2001. He is a clinical neonatologist and his research interests include free radical disease in the newborn and the epidemiology and outcome of complications of prematurity. He is also consultant in charge of the paediatric diabetic clinic. Brian is the Cure Kids Professor of Paediatric Research.

Publications

Beltempo, M., Isayama, T., Vento, M., Lui, K., Kusuda, S., Lehtonen, L., … Darlow, B. A., … on behalf of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes (iNeo) of Neonates. (2018). Respiratory management of extremely preterm infants: An international survey. Neonatology, 114(1), 28-36. doi: 10.1159/000487987

Askie, L. M., Darlow, B. A., Finer, N., Schmidt, B., Stenson, B., Tarnow-Mordi, W., … for the Neonatal Oxygenation Prospective Meta-analysis (NeOProM) Collaboration. (2018). Association between oxygen saturation targeting and death or disability in extremely preterm infants in the Neonatal Oxygenation Prospective Meta-analysis Collaboration. JAMA, 319(21), 2190-2201. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.5725

Darlow, B. A., Elder, M. J., Kimber, B., Martin, J., & Horwood, L. J. (2017). Vision in former very low birthweight young adults with and without retinopathy of prematurity compared with term born controls: The NZ 1986 VLBW follow-up study. British Journal of Ophthalmology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-311345

Darlow, B. A., Lui, K., Kusuda, S., Reichman, B., Håkansson, S., Bassler, D., … on behalf of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes of Neonates (iNeo). (2017). International variations and trends in the treatment for retinopathy of prematurity. British Journal of Ophthalmology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2016-310041

Koller-Smith, L. I. M., Shah, P. S., Ye, X. Y., Sjörs, G., Wang, Y. A., Chow, S. S. W., Darlow, B. A., … on behalf of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network, Canadian Neonatal Network, Swedish Neonatal Quality Register, and also Broadbent, R. (2017). Comparing very low birth weight versus very low gestation cohort methods for outcome analysis of high risk preterm infants. BMC Pediatrics, 17, 166. doi: 10.1186/s12887-017-0921-x

Chapter in Book - Research

Darlow, B. (2012). The newborn infant: Stabilization and examination. In M. South & D. Isaacs (Eds.), Practical paediatrics. (7th ed.) (pp. 328-340). Edinburgh, UK: Churchill Livingstone.

Begg, E. J., Atkinson, H. C., & Darlow, B. A. (1997). Guide to drug usage in lactation. In T. M. Speight & N. H. G. Holford (Eds.), Avery's Drug Treatment: a Guide to the Properties, Choice, Therapeutic Use and Economic Value of Drugs in Disease Management, 4th edition. (pp. 1701-1723). Auckland: Adis Press.

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Chapter in Book - Other

Darlow, B. (2013). Neonatal Health. In P. Joyce, G. Nicholls, K. Thomas & T. Wilkinson (Eds.), The Christchurch experience: 40 years of research and teaching. (pp. 88-95). Christchurch, New Zealand: University of Otago.

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Journal - Research Article

Beltempo, M., Isayama, T., Vento, M., Lui, K., Kusuda, S., Lehtonen, L., … Darlow, B. A., … on behalf of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes (iNeo) of Neonates. (2018). Respiratory management of extremely preterm infants: An international survey. Neonatology, 114(1), 28-36. doi: 10.1159/000487987

Askie, L. M., Darlow, B. A., Finer, N., Schmidt, B., Stenson, B., Tarnow-Mordi, W., … for the Neonatal Oxygenation Prospective Meta-analysis (NeOProM) Collaboration. (2018). Association between oxygen saturation targeting and death or disability in extremely preterm infants in the Neonatal Oxygenation Prospective Meta-analysis Collaboration. JAMA, 319(21), 2190-2201. doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.5725

Darlow, B. A., Elder, M. J., Kimber, B., Martin, J., & Horwood, L. J. (2017). Vision in former very low birthweight young adults with and without retinopathy of prematurity compared with term born controls: The NZ 1986 VLBW follow-up study. British Journal of Ophthalmology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-311345

Darlow, B. A., Lui, K., Kusuda, S., Reichman, B., Håkansson, S., Bassler, D., … on behalf of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes of Neonates (iNeo). (2017). International variations and trends in the treatment for retinopathy of prematurity. British Journal of Ophthalmology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2016-310041

Koller-Smith, L. I. M., Shah, P. S., Ye, X. Y., Sjörs, G., Wang, Y. A., Chow, S. S. W., Darlow, B. A., … on behalf of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network, Canadian Neonatal Network, Swedish Neonatal Quality Register, and also Broadbent, R. (2017). Comparing very low birth weight versus very low gestation cohort methods for outcome analysis of high risk preterm infants. BMC Pediatrics, 17, 166. doi: 10.1186/s12887-017-0921-x

Prickett, T. C. R., Darlow, B. A., Troughton, R. W., Cameron, V. A., Elliott, J. M., Martin, J., Horwood, L. J., & Espiner, E. A. (2017). New insights into cardiac and vascular natriuretic peptides: Findings from young adults born with very low birth weight. Clinical Chemistry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2017.280354

Askie, L. M., Darlow, B. A., Davis, P. G., Finer, N., Stenson, B., Vento, M., & Whyte, R. (2017). Effects of targeting lower versus higher arterial oxygen saturations on death or disability in preterm infants (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4, CD011190. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD011190.pub2

Kelly, L. E., Shah, P. S., Håkansson, S., Kusuda, S., Adams, M., Lee, S. K., … Darlow, B. A., … for the investigators of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes (iNeo) of Neonates. (2017). Perinatal health services organization for preterm births: A multinational comparison. Journal of Perinatology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/jp.2017.45

Fleck, B. W., Williams, C., Juszczak, E., Cocker, K., Stenson, B. J., Darlow, B. A., … for the BOOST II Retinal Image Digital Analysis (RIDA) Group. (2017). An international comparison of retinopathy of prematurity grading performance within the Benefits of Oxygen Saturation Targeting II trials. Eye. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/eye.2017.150

Helenius, K., Sjörs, G., Shah, P. S., Modi, N., Reichman, B., Morisaki, N., … Darlow, B. A., … on behalf of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes (iNeo) of Neonates. (2017). Survival in Very Preterm Infants: An International Comparison of 10 National Neonatal Networks. Pediatrics, 140(6), e20171264. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-1264

Chan-Ling, T., Gole, G. A., Quinn, G. E., Adamson, S. J., & Darlow, B. A. (2017). Pathophysiology, screening and treatment of ROP: A multi-disciplinary perspective. Progress in Retinal & Eye Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.preteyeres.2017.09.002

Shah, P. S., Lui, K., Sjörs, G., Mirea, L., Reichman, B., Adams, M., … Darlow, B. A., … for the for the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes (iNeo) of Neonates including, including Broadbent, R. (2016). Neonatal outcomes of very low birth weight and very preterm neonates: An international comparison. Journal of Pediatrics, 177, 144-152. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.04.083

Gilbert, C., Wormald, R., Fielder, A., Deorari, A., Zepeda-Romero, L. C., Quinn, G., … Darlow, B. (2016). Potential for a paradigm change in the detection of retinopathy of prematurity requiring treatment. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 101(1), F6-F9. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-308704

Martin, L. J., Sjörs, G., Reichman, B., Darlow, B. A., Morisaki, N., Modi, N., … on behalf of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes (iNeo) of Neonates Investigators. (2016). Country-specific vs. common birthweight-for-gestational age references to identify small for gestational age infants born at 24–28 weeks: An international study. Paediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology, 30(5), 450-461. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12298

Harris, S. L., Austin, N. C., Battin, M., Broadbent, R., Horwood, J., Keenan, R., … Graham, P., Woodward, L. J., & Darlow, B. A. (2016). In-hospital morbidity and brain metrics of preterm neonates born 1998–2009. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1440), 94-107. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Chawla, D., & Darlow, B. A. (2016). Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor preparations in the treatment of retinopathy of prematurity: Balancing risks and benefits. Indian Pediatrics, 53(Suppl. 2), S129-S136.

Boost-II Australia and United Kingdom Collaborative Groups, including Darlow, B. A. (2016). Outcomes of two trials of oxygen-saturation targets in preterm infants. New England Journal of Medicine, 374(8), 749-760. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1514212

Gemmell, L., Martin, L., Murphy, K. E., Modi, N., Håkansson, S., Reichman, B., … Darlow, B. A., … for the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes (iNEO) of Neonates Investigators. (2016). Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and outcomes of preterm infants of 24 to 28 weeks' gestation. Journal of Perinatology, 36, 1067-1072. doi: 10.1038/jp.2016.133

Darlow, B. A., Graham, P. J., & Rojas-Reyes, M. X. (2016). Vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and short- and long-term morbidity in very low birth weight infants (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 8, CD000501. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000501.pub4

Hossain, S., Shah, P. S., Ye, X. Y., Darlow, B. A., Lee, S. K., Lui, K., on behalf of the Canadian Neonatal Network, and Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. (2016). Outborns or inborns: Where are the differences? A comparison study of very preterm neonatal intensive care unit infants cared for in Australia and New Zealand and in Canada. Neonatology, 109(1), 76-84. doi: 10.1159/000441272

Darlow, B. A., Voss, L., Lennon, D. R., & Grimwood, K. (2016). Early-onset neonatal group B streptococcus sepsis following national risk-based prevention guidelines. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 56, 69-74. doi: 10.1111/ajo.12378

Zahari, M., Lee, D. S., & Darlow, B. A. (2016). Algorithms that eliminate the effects of calibration artefact and trial-imposed offsets of Masimo oximeter in BOOST-NZ trial. Journal of Clinical Monitoring & Computing, 30, 669-678. doi: 10.1007/s10877-015-9752-1

Darlow, B. A., & Morley, C. J. (2015). Oxygen saturation targeting and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Clinics in Perinatology, 42(4), 807-823. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2015.08.008

Hossain, S., Shah, P. S., Ye, X. J., Darlow, B. A., Lee, S. K., Lui, K., on behalf of the Canadian Neonatal Network, and Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. (2015). Outcome comparison of very preterm infants cared for in the neonatal intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand and in Canada. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 51, 881-888. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12863

Darlow, B. A. (2015). Retinopathy of prematurity: New developments bring concern and hope. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 51(8), 765-770. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12860

Tan, Z., Chong, C., Darlow, B., & Dai, S. (2015). Visual impairment due to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in New Zealand: A 22-year review. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 99, 801-806. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2014-305913

Guillén, U., Weiss, E. M., Munson, D., Maton, P., Jefferies, A., Norman, M., … Darlow, B., & Kirpalani, H. (2015). Guidelines for the management of extremely premature deliveries: A systematic review. Pediatrics, 136(2), 343-350. doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-0542

Darlow, B. A., Marschner, S. L., Donoghoe, M., Battin, M. R., Broadbent, R. S., Elder, M. J., Hewson, M. P., … Graham, P., McNeill, N. J., … on behalf of the Benefits Of Oxygen Saturation Targeting-New Zealand (BOOST-NZ) Collaborative Group. (2014). Randomized controlled trial of oxygen saturation targets in very preterm infants: Two year outcomes. Journal of Pediatrics, 165(1), 30-35. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.01.017

Reid, R. A., Prickett, T. C. R., Pullar, B. E., Darlow, B. A., Gullam, J. E., & Espiner, E. A. (2014). C-type natriuretic peptide in complicated pregnancy: Increased secretion precedes adverse events. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 99(4), 1470-1478. doi: 10.1210/jc.2013-3758

Porter, J. A., MacKenzie, K., Darlow, B., & Day, A. S. (2014). Looking for coeliac disease in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 50(10), 811-816. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12643

Gilbert, C., Darlow, B., Zin, A., Sivasubramaniam, S., Shah, S., Gianini, N., … Lopes Moreira, M. E. (2014). Educating neonatal nurses in Brazil: A before-and-after study with interrupted time series analysis. Neonatology, 106(3), 201-208. doi: 10.1159/000362532

Mulder, R. T., Carter, J. D., Frampton, C. M. A., & Darlow, B. A. (2014). Good two-year outcome for parents whose infants were admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit. Psychosomatics, 55(6), 613-620. doi: 10.1016/j.psym.2013.12.007

Shah, P. S., Lee, S. K., Lui, K., Sjörs, G., Mori, R., Reichman, B., … Darlow, B., … on behalf of the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes of Neonates (iNeo). (2014). The International Network for Evaluating Outcomes of very low birth weight, very preterm neonates (iNeo): A protocol for collaborative comparisons of international health services for quality improvement in neonatal care. BMC Pediatrics, 14(1), 110. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-14-110

Prickett, T. C. R., Hector-Taylor, J., Olney, R. C., Darlow, B. A., & Espiner, E. A. (2013). Acute inflammation in young children inhibits C-type natriuretic peptide. Pediatric Research, 74(2), 191-195. doi: 10.1038/pr.2013.92

Austin, N., Darlow, B. A., & McGuire, W. (2013). Prophylactic oral/topical non-absorbed antifungal agents to prevent invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight infants (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 3, CD003478. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003478.pub4

Darlow, B. A., Horwood, L. J., Pere-Bracken, H. M., & Woodward, L. J. (2013). Psychosocial outcomes of young adults born very low birth weight. Pediatrics, 132(6), e1521-e1528. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-2024

Jacobs, S. E., Tobin, J. M., Opie, G. F., Donath, S., Tabrizi, S. N., Pirotta, M., … for the ProPrems Study Group, including Darlow, B. A. (2013). Probiotic effects on late-onset sepsis in very preterm infants: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics, 132(6), 1055-1062. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-1339

Martin, A. J., Darlow, B. A., Salt, A., Hague, W., Sebastian, L., McNeill, N., & Tarnow-Mordi, W. (2013). Performance of the Parent Report of Children's Abilities-Revised (PARCA-R) versus the Bayley Scales of Infant Development III. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 98(12), 955-958. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2012-303288

Darlow, B. A., Gilbert, C. E., & Quiroga, A. M. (2013). Setting up and improving retinopathy of prematurity programs: Interaction of neonatology, nursing, and ophthalmology. Clinics in Perinatology, 40(2), 215-227. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2013.02.006

Darlow, B. A., Ells, A. L., Gilbert, C. E., Gole, G. A., & Quinn, G. E. (2013). Are we there yet? Bevacizumab therapy for retinopathy of prematurity. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 98, F170-F174. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2011-301148

Boost II United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand Collaborative Groups, including Darlow, B. A., Broadbent, R., & Hewson, M. (2013). Oxygen saturation and outcomes in preterm infants. New England Journal of Medicine, 368, 2094-2104. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1302298

Cheong, J. L. Y., Coleman, L., Hunt, R. W., Lee, K. J., Doyle, L. W., Inder, T. E., … for the Infant Cooling Evaluation Collaboration, including Darlow, B. A. (2012). Prognostic utility of magnetic resonance imaging in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: Substudy of a randomized trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 166(7), 634-640. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.284

Martin, A. J., Darlow, B. A., Salt, A., Hague, W., Sebastian, L., Mann, K., … on behalf of the INIS Trial Collaborative Group. (2012). Identification of infants with major cognitive delay using parental report. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 54(3), 254-259. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2011.04161.x

Hickey, L., Jacobs, S. E., Garland, S. M., on behalf of the ProPrems Study Group, including Darlow, B. A. (2012). Probiotics in neonatology. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 48(9), 777-783. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2012.02508.x

Lee, D. S., Zahari, M., Russell, G., Darlow, B. A., Scarrott, C. J., & Reale, M. (2011). An exploratory investigation of some statistical summaries of oximeter oxygen saturation data from preterm babies. ISRN Pediatrics, 2011, 296418. doi: 10.5402/2011/296418

Darlow, B. A., & Graham, P. J. (2011). Vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and short- and long-term morbidity in very low birthweight infants (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 10, CD000501. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000501.pub3

Miller, L. J., Willis, J. A., Pearce, J., Barnett, R., Darlow, B. A., & Scott, R. S. (2011). Urban-rural variation in childhood type 1 diabetes incidence in Canterbury, New Zealand, 1980 to 2004. Health & Place, 17(1), 248-256. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.10.010

Askie, L. M., Brocklehurst, P., Darlow, B. A., Finer, N., Schmidt, B., Tarnow-Mordi, W., the NeOProM Collaborative Group. (2011). NeOProM: Neonatal Oxygenation Prospective Meta-analysis Collaboration study protocol. BMC Pediatrics, 11, 6. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-11-6

Vella-Brincat, J. W. A., Begg, E. J., Robertshawe, B. J., Lynn, A. M., Borrie, T. L., & Darlow, B. A. (2011). Are gentamicin and/or vancomycin associated with ototoxicity in the neonate? A retrospective audit. Neonatology, 100, 186-193. doi: 10.1159/000324857

MacDonald, A., Scarrott, C. J., Lee, D., Darlow, B., Reale, M., & Russell, G. (2011). A flexible extreme value mixture model. Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, 55(6), 2137-2157. doi: 10.1016/j.csda.2011.01.005

Harwood, D. T., Darlow, B. A., Cheah, F. C., McNeill, N., Graham, P., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2011). Biomarkers of neutrophil-mediated glutathione and protein oxidation in tracheal aspirates from preterm infants: Association with bacterial infection. Pediatric Research, 69(1), 28-33. doi: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181ff2378

Jacobs, S. E., Morley, C. J., Inder, T. E., Stewart, M. J., Smith, K. R., McNamara, P. J., … Darlow, B. A., … for the Infant Cooling Evaluation Collaboration. (2011). Whole-body hypothermia for term and near-term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: A randomized controlled trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 165(8), 692-700. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.43

Brocklehurst, P., Farrell, B., King, A., Juszczak, E., Darlow, B. A., Haque, K., … on behalf of the INIS Trial Collaborative Group. (2011). Treatment of neonatal sepsis with intravenous immune globulin. New England Journal of Medicine, 365(13), 1201-1211. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1100441

Darlow, B. A., Phillips, A. A., & Dickson, N. P. (2011). New Zealand surveillance of neonatal vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB): 1998-2008. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 47(7), 460-464. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2010.01995.x

Quinn, G. E., Gilbert, C., Darlow, B. A., & Zin, A. (2010). Retinopathy of prematurity: An epidemic in the making. Chinese Medical Journal, 123(20), 2929-2937. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0366-6999.2010.20.033

Harris, S. L., Smith, M. P., Laurie, A., & Darlow, B. A. (2010). Neonatal renal vein thrombosis and prothrombotic risk. Acta Paediatrica, 99(7), 1104-1107. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2010.01717.x

Zin, A. A., Lopes Moreira, M. E., Bunce, C., Darlow, B. A., & Gilbert, C. E. (2010). Retinopathy of prematurity in 7 neonatal units in Rio de Janeiro: Screening criteria and workload implications. Pediatrics, 126(2), e410-e417. doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-0090

Howell, A., Isaacs, D., Halliday, R., the Australasian Study Group for Neonatal Infections, including Darlow, B. (2009). Oral nystatin prophylaxis and neonatal fungal infections. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 94, F429-F433. doi: 10.1136/adc.2008.157123

Miller, L. J., Pearce, J., Barnett, R., Willis, J., Darlow, B. A., & Scott, R. S. (2009). Is population mixing associated with childhood type 1 diabetes in Canterbury, New Zealand? Social Science & Medicine, 68(4), 625-630. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.11.027

Begg, E. J., Vella-Brincat, J. W. A., Robertshawe, B., McMurtrie, M. J., Kirkpatrick, C. M. J., & Darlow, B. (2009). Eight years' experience of an extended-interval dosing protocol for gentamicin in neonates. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 63, 1043-1049. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkp073

Collyns, O., Gillett, G., & Darlow, B. (2009). Overlap of premature birth and permissible abortion. Journal of Medical Ethics, 35(6), 343-347. doi: 10.1136/jme.2008.028928

Darlow, B. A., Mogridge, N., Horwood, L. J., Wynn-Williams, M. B., & Austin, N. C. (2009). Admission of all gestations to a regional neonatal unit versus controls: Neonatal morbidity. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 45(4), 181-186. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2009.01486.x

Austin, N., Darlow, B. A., & McGuire, W. (2009). Prophylactic oral/topical non-absorbed antifungal agents to prevent invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight infants (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4, CD003478. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003478.pub3

Darlow, B. A., Horwood, L. J., Wynn-Williams, M. B., Mogridge, N., & Austin, N. C. (2009). Admissions of all gestations to a regional neonatal unit versus controls: 2-year outcome. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 45(4), 187-193. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2008.01457.x

Darlow, B. A., Elder, M. J., Horwood, L. J., Donoghue, D. A., Henderson-Smart, D. J., and on behalf of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. (2008). Does observer bias contribute to variations in the rate of retinopathy of prematurity between centres? Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, 36(1), 43-46. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-9071.2007.01652.x

Prickett, T. C. R., Dixon, B., Frampton, C., Yandle, T. G., Richards, A. M., Espiner, E. A., & Darlow, B. A. (2008). Plasma amino-terminal pro C-type natriuretic peptide in the neonate: Relation to gestational age and postnatal linear growth. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 93(1), 225-232. doi: 10.1210/jc.2007-1815

Dixon, B., Darlow, B., & Prickett, T. (2008). How useful is knemometry in measuring neonatal growth? Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 44(7-8), 444-448. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2008.01328.x

Crowther, C. A., Doyle, L. W., Haslam, R. R., Hiller, J. E., Harding, J. E., Robinson, J. S., for the ACTORDS Study Group, including Reid, R., Austin, N., Darlow, B., Poad, D., Broadbent, R., Wilson, D., Sangalli, M., Elder, D., & Richardson, V. (2007). Outcomes at 2 years of age after repeat doses of antenatal corticosteroids. New England Journal of Medicine, 357(12), 1179-1189.

Evans, N., Hutchinson, J., Simpson, J. M., Donoghue, D., Darlow, B., Henderson-Smart, D., on behalf of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network, including Austin, N., Broadbent, R., & Richardson, V. (2007). Prenatal predictors of mortality in very preterm infants cared for in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 92, F34-F40. doi: 10.1136/adc.2006.094169

Darlow, B. A., & Graham, P. J. (2007). Vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and short and long-term morbidity in very low birthweight infants (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4, CD000501. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD000501.pub2

Carter, J. D., Mulder, R. T., Frampton, C. M. A., & Darlow, B. A. (2007). Infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit: Parental psychological status at 9 months. Acta Paediatrica, 96, 1286-1289.

The DIAMOND Project Group, including Darlow, B., Scott, R., & Willis, J. (2006). Incidence and trends of childhood Type 1 diabetes worldwide 1990-1999. Diabetic Medicine, 23, 857-866.

Hagadorn, J. I., Furey, A. M., Nghiem, T.-H., Schmid, C. H., Phelps, D. L., Pillers, D.-A. M., … and the AVIOx Study Group, including Darlow, B. (2006). Achieved versus intended pulse oximeter saturation in infants born less than 28 weeks' gestation: The AVIOx study. Pediatrics, 118(4), 1574-1582.

Doyle, L. W., Davis, P. G., Morley, C. J., McPhee, A., Carlin, J. B., the DART Study Investigators, including Darlow, B. (2006). Low-dose dexamethasone facilitates extubation among chronically ventilator-dependent infants: A multicenter, international, randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics, 117(1), 75-83.

Henderson-Smart, D. J., Hutchinson, J. L., Donoghue, D. A., Evans, N. J., Simpson, J. M., Wright, I., for the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network, including Darlow, B., & Broadbent, R. (2006). Prenatal predictors of chronic lung disease in very preterm infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 91, F40-F45.

Crowther, C. A., Haslam, R. R., Hiller, J. E., Doyle, L. W., Robinson, J. S., for the Australasian Collaborative Trial of Repeat Doses of Steroids (ACTORDS) Study Group, including Reid, R., Austin, N., Darlow, B., Mogridge, N., Broadbent, R., Patel, F., Tout, S., Wilson, D., Sangalli, M., & Elder, D. (2006). Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome after repeat exposure to antenatal corticosteroids: A randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 367, 1913-1919. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68846-6

Darlow, B. A., Buss, H., McGill, F., Fletcher, L., Graham, P., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2005). Vitamin C supplementation in very preterm infants: A randomised controlled trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 90(2), F117-F122. doi: 10.1136/adc.2004.056440

Cheah, F. C., Hampton, M. B., Darlow, B. A., Winterbourn, C. C., & Vissers, M. C. M. (2005). Detection of apoptosis by caspase-3 activation in tracheal aspirate neurophils from premature infants: Relationship with NF-KB activation. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 77, 432-437.

Cheah, F.-C., Anderson, T. P., Darlow, B. A., & Murdoch, D. R. (2005). Comparison of the mycoplasma duo test with PCR for detection of Ureaplasma species in endotracheal aspirates from premature infants. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 43(1), 509-510.

Ellison, V. J., Mocatta, T. J., Winterbourn, C. C., Darlow, B. A., Volpe, J. J., & Inder, T. E. (2005). The relationship of CSF and plasma cytokine levels to cerebral white matter injury in the premature newborn. Pediatric Research, 57(2), 282-286.

Carter, J. D., Mulder, R. T., Bartram, A. F., & Darlow, B. A. (2005). Infants in a neonatal intensive care unit: Parental response. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 90, F109-F113.

Darlow, B. A., Hutchinson, J. L., Simpson, J. M., Henderson-Smart, D. J., Donoghue, D. A., Evans, N. J., on behalf of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. (2005). Variation in rates of severe retinopathy of prematurity among neonatal intensive care units in the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 89, 1592-1596.

Darlow, B. A., Hutchinson, J. L., Henderson-Smart, D. J., Donoghue, D. A., Simpson, J. M., Evans, N. J., on behalf of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. (2005). Prenatal risk factors for severe retinopathy of prematurity among very preterm infants of the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network. Pediatrics, 115(4), 990-996.

Wu, D., Kendall, D., Lunt, H., Willis, J., Darlow, B., & Frampton, C. (2005). Prevalence of type 1 diabetes in New Zealanders aged 0-24 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1218). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1218/1557/content.pdf

Cheah, F. C., Winterbourn, C. C., Darlow, B. A., Mocatta, T. J., & Vissers, M. C. M. (2005). Nuclear factor κB activation in pulmonary leukocytes from infants with hyaline membrane disease: Associations with chorioamnionitis and Ureaplasma urealyticum colonization. Pediatric Research, 57(5), 616-623. doi: 10.1203/01.PDR.0000156209.37627.82

Wilson, C. J., Myer, M., Darlow, B. A., Stanley, T., Thomson, G., Baumgartner, E. R., & ... (2005). Severe holocarboxylase synthetase deficiency with incomplete biotin responsiveness resulting in antenatal insult in Samoan neonates. Journal of Pediatrics, 147(1), 115-118.

May, M., Daley, A. J., Donath, S., Isaacs, D., on behalf of the Australasian Study Group for Neonatal Infections, including Darlow, B., & Grimwood, K. (2005). Early onset neonatal meningitis in Australia and New Zealand, 1992-2002. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 90, F324-F327.

Prickett, T. C. R., Lynn, A. M., Barrell, G. K., Darlow, B. A., Cameron, V. A., Espiner, E. A., Richards, A. M., & Yandle, T. G. (2005). Amino-terminal proCNP: A putative marker of cartilage activity in postnatal growth. Pediatric Research, 58(2), 334-340.

Mocatta, T., Winterbourn, C. C., Inder, T. E., & Darlow, B. A. (2004). The effect of gestational age and labour on markers of lipid and protein oxidation in cord plasma. Free Radical Research, 38(2), 185-191.

Campbell, N., Eddy, A., Darlow, B., Stone, P., & Grimwood, K. (2004). The prevention of early-onset neonatal group B streptococcus infection: Technical report from the New Zealand GBS Consensus Working Party [Special article]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 117(1200). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/117-1200/1023/content.pdf

Hall, R. J., Merriman, M. E., Green, R. A., Markham, V. H., Smyth, D. J., Heward, J. M., … Braithwaite, A., … Darlow, B. A., … Harrison, A. A., Highton, J., Hunt, P. J., Manning, P. J., … Scott, R. S., Taylor, B. J., Willis, J., … Merriman, T. R. (2003). The Deleted in Colorectal Carcinoma (DCC) gene 201 R → G polymorphism: No evidence for genetic association with autoimmune disease. European Journal of Human Genetics, 11, 840-844.

Inder, T. E., Buckland, L., Williams, C. E., Spencer, C., Gunning, M. I., Darlow, B. A., … Gluckman, P. D. (2003). Lowered electroencephalographic spectral edge frequency predicts the presence of cerebral white matter injury in premature infants. Pediatrics, 111(1), 27-33.

Cheah, F. C., Darlow, B. A., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2003). Problems associated with collecting breath condensate for the measurement of exhaled hydrogen peroxide from neonates on respiratory support. Biology of the Neonate, 84, 338-341.

Buss, I. H., Senthilmohan, R., Darlow, B. A., Mogridge, N., Kettle, A. J., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2003). 3-Chlorotyrosine as a marker of protein damage by myeloperoxidase in tracheal aspirates from preterm infants: Association with adverse respiratory outcome. Pediatric Research, 53(3), 455-462.

Isaacs, D., on behalf of the Australasian Study Group for Neonatal Infections, including Darlow, B., & Grimwood, K. (2003). A ten year, multicentre study of coagulase negative staphylococcal infections in Australasian neonatal units. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 88, F89-F93.

Darlow, B. A., & Austin, N. C. (2003). Selenium supplementation to prevent short-term morbidity in preterm neonates. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (4), CD0033.

Darlow, B. A., Cust, A. E., & Donoghue, D. A. (2003). Improved outcomes for very low birthweight infants: evidence from New Zealand national population based data. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition, 88(2003), F23-F28.

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