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Professor Kerry Shephard

Kerry Shephard Photo 2BSc(Hons) and PhD (Reading)

Email kerry.shephard@otago.ac.nz
Tel +64 3 479 8439

About Kerry

I research higher education. I conceptualise this as a part of the discipline of Education, but with a focus on the functioning of universities and on the nature of learning within this domain. I have a background in a different discipline and my present disciplinary perspective (substantially developed in the past 20 years) has been influenced by, and is grounded in, my prior 25 years of research and teaching as a biologist. I think that higher education as a field of enquiry, as a discourse and as a community of practitioners is defined by the diverse backgrounds of its contributors and this sets it aside from other fields within Education.

. My area of interest lies in the affective domain of attitudes, values, dispositions and behaviours. I am fascinated by these attributes: how learners acquire them; how teachers contribute to their acquisition, deliberately or not; how universities assess or evaluate them; and how we can research them. My major research interest in these regards relates to education for sustainability/sustainable development. As higher education grapples with massification, commercialisation and its role as ‘critic and conscience of society’ it needs to address how it impacts on future citizens. My research aims to help higher education understand what it is currently doing, why it may need to change and perhaps how to do it. My research approaches include both qualitative and quantitative methodologies to collect empirical data. I co-supervise PhD candidates, examine others and I am a regular reviewer for a wide range of higher education journals. I also teach on higher education pedagogy programmes.

Teaching

HEDU 504 Academic Leadership in Higher Education
A critical examination of academic leadership using contemporary theories of learning, teaching, mentoring, leadership and change.

Workshops on Critical Thinking, ESD.

Contribution to Otago’s Regional Centre of Expertise on Education for Sustainable Development.

Research Interests

My interests span policy and practice in higher education, educational development and aspects of student learning. In particular, I have broad interests in ‘learning in the affective domain’. (Not what students know, nor what skills they have to put their knowledge to effect; rather what they choose to do with the knowledge and skills they learn.) Key interests include community-engaged learning and teaching, academic integrity, education for sustainability and 'the public understanding of science'. Kerry has a background in the biological sciences and extensive experience as a university teacher and researcher.

Supervision

I am happy to co-supervise PhD students in my major research areas within the broad area of Policy and Practice in Higher Education and also to co-supervise multidisciplinary educational projects with colleagues in other departments.

Teaching, learning and research resources

Higher Education for Sustainable Development: promoting intellectual independence.

How can higher education contribute to sustainability whilst nurturing and protecting the next generation’s right to think independently? Most people in higher education accept that higher education has a responsibility to contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development goals, not only through our research but also through our teaching. Many of those who research in this area suggest that our teaching needs to focus on teaching young people to be sustainable, often by teaching sustainability-related competencies that we assume the students do not already have. I call this Plan A and I wish those who promote it every success. My message, and this series of Podcasts, suggest something different. I doubt that the higher education that I know is either able or willing to teach young people how to be sustainable and I think that transformation in this direction is a long way off.

Plan B suggests that we are able and willing to help young people to develop intellectual independence, that currently this is the best that we can do, and that doing this will take us a long way towards a vision of sustainability that at least some of us share. An international generation of intellectually independent global citizens will be well positioned to make different decisions from those made by preceding generations.

If listening to podcasts is not your thing, you can read about Plan B in:
Shephard, K. (2020). Higher education for sustainability: Seeking intellectual independence in Aotearoa New Zealand. Springer, 163p.

Podcasts

  • The first 7 podcast episodes analyse Plan A; its successes and its problems
  • Episodes 9-11 analyse the possibilities for a Plan B
  • Episodes 8 and 12 take stock of each analysis

If you have already targeted Plan B, you could jump directly to Episode 9.

  1. Introduction
    https://echo360.net.au/media/501bcc8f-6c01-445b-b83d-bbe5770d9293/public
  2. Sustainability as a process or a destination?
    https://echo360.net.au/media/9711f220-43c9-4c4d-bf99-41723541aed7/public
  3. About Campus sustainability
    https://echo360.net.au/media/b6101603-936a-4b60-b501-f31b6aee6a09/public
  4. University teachers as critic and conscience of society
    https://echo360.net.au/media/1df19049-9e76-4988-84bb-de65382365ec/public
  5. Environmental education in New Zealand
    https://echo360.net.au/media/96551537-a403-4e2a-b4b9-7eb6b2e076f5/public
  6. About the roles and responsibilities of higher education in New Zealand
    https://echo360.net.au/media/fcffa660-c2f9-46af-8467-3f36a28c2cce/public
  7. About global perspectives and competitive individualism
    https://echo360.net.au/media/bca38c93-7fb4-4ce1-967f-8b6d3381ac4f/public
  8. Taking stock of Education for sustainable development currently managed by New Zealand’s higher education sector and more widely
    https://echo360.net.au/media/34d91d06-1905-46fd-965f-ed44275c59d2/public
  9. What guides our beliefs and actions?
    https://echo360.net.au/media/ea06cff7-0462-4c90-aae4-5b5d92c90c08/public
  10. On deep, critical and independent thinking and why it is so challenging for higher education to teach these things
    https://echo360.net.au/media/afd407bc-f47d-4a71-abc9-2f02b7979a6d/public
  11. Changing our practices: community engagement, empowering students and knowing if we are on the right track
    https://echo360.net.au/media/bdec6db9-0031-41fb-991c-ef4aadb44fc5/public
  12. Future prospects for Education for sustainable development with a focus on promoting intellectual independence and researching our practices
    https://echo360.net.au/media/afe65f6c-6fc5-491b-881d-52a75c7bafd0/public

Some references mentioned in the podcasts

Facione, P. A. (1990). Critical thinking: A statement of expert consensus for purposes of educational assessment and instruction. Retrieved July 26, 2019, from https://www.insightassessment.com/article/expert-consensus-on-critical-thinking.

Leopold, A. (1949). A sand county almanac. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Scriven, M., & Paul, R. (1987) Cited by the foundation for critical thinking. Defining Critical Thinking. Retrieved February 21, 2019. https://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining- critical-thinking/766.

Shephard, K. (2015). Higher education for sustainable development. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Shephard, K. (2016). Discovering tertiary education through others’ eyes and words: Exploring submissions to New Zealand’s review of its tertiary education sector. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management. doi.org/10.1080/1360080X.2016.1254430.

Shephard, K., Bourk, M., Mirosa, M., & Dulgar, P. (2016). What global perspective does our university foster in our students? Environmental Education Research. doi.org/10.1080/ 13504622.2015.1126806

Shephard, K., & Egan, T. (2018). Higher education for professional and civic values: A critical review and analysis. Sustainability, 10(12), 4442. doi.org/10.3390/su10124442.

Acknowledgement: I emphasise that any points of view expressed in these podcasts are my own, and not necessarily those of my employer, the University of Otago, or of the many wonderful academic colleagues with whom I have researched over the years. To my colleagues, I acknowledge the vital contribution that you have all made to the ways that I currently understand the international mission of education for sustainability. Researching with you all has been a great privilege. The University of Otago is the oldest in New Zealand, and certainly a privilege to work in. This institution has afforded me the opportunity to undertake the research that has led to this book and podcasts, the academic freedom to ensure that my work will contribute to the international public debate on higher education for sustainability and the expectation that I will make my findings and viewpoints known widely. I express here deep gratitude to the University of Otago for its support and encouragement.

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Publications

Shephard, K., Kalsoom, Q., Gupta, R., Probst, L., Gannon, P., Santhakumar, V., Ndukwe, I. G., & Jowett, T. (2021). Exploring the relationship between dispositions to think critically and sustainability concern in HESD. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1108/IJSHE-07-2020-0251

Shephard, K., Thondhlana, G., Wolff, L.-A., Belluigi, D. Z., Rieckmann, M., & Vega-Marcote, P. (2021). On the nature of quality in the contexts of academic publication and sustainability. Frontiers in Education, 6, 634473. doi: 10.3389/feduc.2021.634473

Shephard, K. (2021). Higher education for sustainable development: Learning gains or learning losses? In C. Hughes & M. Tight (Eds.), Learning gain in higher education [International perspectives on higher education research volume 14]. (pp. 117-130). Bingley, UK: Emerald. doi: 10.1108/S1479-362820210000014009

Shephard, K. (2020). Higher education for sustainability: Seeking intellectual independence in Aotearoa New Zealand. Singapore: Springer, 163p. doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-1940-6

Lewis, C. M., Bell, T., Blikstein, P., Carter, A. S., Falkner, K., Fincher, S. A., … Haden, P., … Robins, A., … Shephard, K., … Yadav, A. (2020). The Cambridge Handbook of Computing Education Research summarized in 75 minutes. Proceedings of the 51st ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (SIGCSE). (pp. 323-324). ACM. doi: 10.1145/3328778.3366988

Shephard, K. (2020). Higher education for sustainability: Seeking intellectual independence in Aotearoa New Zealand. Singapore: Springer, 163p. doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-1940-6

Authored Book - Research

Shephard, K. (2015). Higher education for sustainable development. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 131p. doi: 10.1057/9781137548412

Authored Book - Research

Shephard, K. (2005). Presenting at conferences, seminars and meetings. London, UK: Sage, 184p.

Authored Book - Research

Shephard, K. (2021). Higher education for sustainable development: Learning gains or learning losses? In C. Hughes & M. Tight (Eds.), Learning gain in higher education [International perspectives on higher education research volume 14]. (pp. 117-130). Bingley, UK: Emerald. doi: 10.1108/S1479-362820210000014009

Chapter in Book - Research

Brogt, E., Shephard, K., Knewstubb, B., & Rogers, T. L. (2020). Using SoTL to foster a research approach to teaching and learning in higher education. In R. C. Plews & M. L. Amos (Eds.), Evidence-based faculty development through the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL). (pp. 143-160). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. doi: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2212-7.ch008

Chapter in Book - Research

Shephard, K. (2019). Higher education pedagogy. In S. A. Fincher & A. V. Robins (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of computing education research. (pp. 276-291). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/9781108654555.011

Chapter in Book - Research

Shephard, K. (2015). Individual change: Researching educational outcomes achieved by higher education for sustainable development. In M. Barth, G. Michelsen, M. Rieckmann & I. Thomas (Eds.), Routledge handbook of higher education for sustainable development. (pp. 261-272). London, UK: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781315852249.ch17

Chapter in Book - Research

Shephard, K., Harraway, J., Lovelock, B., Skeaff, S., Slooten, L., Strack, M., & Jowett, T. (2012). Monitoring changes in the sustainability attributes of higher education students in a New Zealand university. In W. L. Filho (Ed.), Sustainable development at universities: New horizons. (pp. 117-126). Frankfurt, Germany: Peter Lang.

Chapter in Book - Research

Shephard, K. (2006). Learning and teaching. In P. Dale, M. Holland & M. Matthews (Eds.), Subject librarians: engaging with the learning and teaching environment. (pp. 49-63). Aldershot, U.K: Ashgate.

Chapter in Book - Research

Shephard, K., & Matthews, M. (2006). Changing relationships in the university. In P. Dale, M. Holland & M. Matthews (Eds.), Subject librarians: Engaging with the learning and teaching environment. (pp. 89-100). Aldershot, U.K: Ashgate.

Chapter in Book - Research

Shephard, K., Kalsoom, Q., Gupta, R., Probst, L., Gannon, P., Santhakumar, V., Ndukwe, I. G., & Jowett, T. (2021). Exploring the relationship between dispositions to think critically and sustainability concern in HESD. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1108/IJSHE-07-2020-0251

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Thondhlana, G., Wolff, L.-A., Belluigi, D. Z., Rieckmann, M., & Vega-Marcote, P. (2021). On the nature of quality in the contexts of academic publication and sustainability. Frontiers in Education, 6, 634473. doi: 10.3389/feduc.2021.634473

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Rogers, T., & Brogt, E. (2020). Impacts of engaging in research into teaching and learning on academics’ conceptions of their development as teachers and on the roles of academic developers. International Journal for Academic Development, 25(3), 205-217. doi: 10.1080/1360144X.2020.1731814

Journal - Research Article

Brown, K., Connelly, S., Lovelock, B., Mainvil, L., Mather, D., Roberts, H., Skeaff, S., & Shephard, K. (2019). Do we teach our students to share and to care? Research in Post-Compulsory Education, 24(4), 462-481. doi: 10.1080/13596748.2019.1654693

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Brown, K., Guiney, T., Deaker, L., & Hesson, G. (2019). Exploring the use of social media by community-engaged university people. Innovations in Education & Teaching International, 56(5), 558-568. doi: 10.1080/14703297.2018.1557069

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Rieckmann, M., & Barth, M. (2019). Seeking sustainability competence and capability in the ESD and HESD literature: An international philosophical hermeneutic analysis. Environmental Education Research, 25(4), 532-547. doi: 10.1080/13504622.2018.1490947

Journal - Research Article

Strack, M., Shephard, K., Jowett, T., Mogford, S., Skeaff, S., & Mirosa, M. (2019). Monitoring surveying students' environmental attitudes as they experience higher education in New Zealand. Survey Review, 51(366), 257-264. doi: 10.1080/00396265.2017.1399526

Journal - Research Article

Innes, S., Shephard, K., Furnari, M., Harraway, J., Jowett, T., Lovelock, B., Strack, M., & Skeaff, S. (2018). Greening the curriculum to foster environmental literacy in tertiary students studying human nutrition. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, 13(2), 192-204. doi: 10.1080/19320248.2016.1255693

Journal - Research Article

O'Byrne, C., McIntyre, G., Townsend, S., Schonthal, B., & Shephard, K. (2018). Can ‘pooling teaching tips’ be more than ‘pooling teaching tips’? Tertiary Education & Management, 24(4), 351-361. doi: 10.1080/13583883.2018.1465117

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., & Egan, T. (2018). Higher education for professional and civic values: A critical review and analysis. Sustainability, 10(12), 4442. doi: 10.3390/su10124442

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Brown, K., Guiney, T., & Deaker, L. (2018). Valuing and evaluating community-engaged scholarship. Tertiary Education & Management, 24(1), 83-94. doi: 10.1080/13583883.2017.1395904

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K. (2017). Discovering tertiary education through others' eyes and words: Exploring submissions to New Zealand’s review of its tertiary education sector. Journal of Higher Education Policy & Management, 39(1), 4-19. doi: 10.1080/1360080X.2016.1254430

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., & Brown, K. (2017). How democratic is higher education for sustainable development? Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 38(5), 755-767. doi: 10.1080/01596306.2016.1150254

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Bourk, M., Mirosa, M., & Dulgar, P. (2017). What global perspective does our university foster in our students? Environmental Education Research, 23(3), 398-414. doi: 10.1080/13504622.2015.1126806

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Brown, K., & Guiney, T. (2017). Researching the professional-development needs of community-engaged scholars in a New Zealand university. Sustainability, 9, 1249. doi: 10.3390/su9071249

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Brown, K., Connelly, S., Hall, M., Harraway, J., Martin, J., Mirosa, M., Payne-Harker, H., Payne-Harker, N., Rock, J., … Stoddard, I. (2017). Empowering students in higher-education to teach and learn. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 52(1), 41-55. doi: 10.1007/s40841-016-0072-x

Journal - Research Article

Brown, K., Shephard, K., Warren, D., Hesson, G., & Fleming, J. (2016). Using phenomenography to build an understanding of how university people conceptualise their community-engaged activities. Higher Education Research & Development, 35(4), 643-657. doi: 10.1080/07294360.2015.1137880

Journal - Research Article

Ott, C., Robins, A., & Shephard, K. (2016). Translating principles of effective feedback for students into the CS1 context. ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 16(1), 1. doi: 10.1145/2737596

Journal - Research Article

Löfström, E., Trotman, T., Furnari, M., & Shephard, K. (2015). Who teaches academic integrity and how do they teach it? Higher Education, 69(3), 435-448. doi: 10.1007/s10734-014-9784-3

Journal - Research Article

Ott, C., Robins, A., Haden, P., & Shephard, K. (2015). Illustrating performance indicators and course characteristics to support students’ self-regulated learning in CS1. Computer Science Education, 25(2), 174-198. doi: 10.1080/08993408.2015.1033129

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., & Dulgar, P. (2015). Why it matters how we frame "education" in education for sustainable development. Applied Environmental Education & Communication, 14(3), 137-148. doi: 10.1080/1533015X.2015.1067577

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Harraway, J., Jowett, T., Lovelock, B., Skeaff, S., Slooten, L., Strack, M., & Furnari, M. (2015). Longitudinal analysis of the environmental attitudes of university students. Environmental Education Research, 21(6), 805-820. doi: 10.1080/13504622.2014.913126

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Harraway, J., Lovelock, B., Mirosa, M., Skeaff, S., Slooten, L., Strack, M., Furnari, M., Jowett, T., & Deaker, L. (2015). Seeking learning outcomes appropriate for 'education for sustainable development' and for higher education. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 40(6), 855-866. doi: 10.1080/02602938.2015.1009871

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Trotman, T., Furnari, M., & Löfström, E. (2015). Teaching research integrity in higher education: Policy and strategy. Journal of Higher Education Policy & Management, 37(6), 615-632. doi: 10.1080/1360080X.2015.1102823

Journal - Research Article

Tolich, M., Scarth, B., & Shephard, K. (2015). Teaching sociology students to become qualitative-researchers using an internship model of learner-support. Journal of Social Science Education, 14(4), 53-63. doi: 10.4119/UNIBI/jsse-v14-i4-1314

Journal - Research Article

Jowett, T., Harraway, J., Lovelock, B., Skeaff, S., Slooten, L., Strack, M., & Shephard, K. (2014). Multinomial-regression modeling of the environmental attitudes of higher education students based on the Revised New Ecological Paradigm Scale. Journal of Environmental Education, 45(1), 1-15. doi: 10.1080/00958964.2013.783777

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Harraway, J., Lovelock, B., Skeaff, S., Slooten, L., Strack, M., Furnari, M., & Jowett, T. (2014). Is the environmental literacy of university students measurable? Environmental Education Research, 20(4), 476-495. doi: 10.1080/13504622.2013.816268

Journal - Research Article

Tolich, M., Paris, A., & Shephard, K. (2014). An evaluation of experiential learning in a sociology internship class. New Zealand Sociology, 29(1), 119-134.

Journal - Research Article

Mann, S., Harraway, J., Broughton-Ansin, F., Deaker, L., & Shephard, K. (2013). Seeking richer descriptions of learners’ sustainability attributes and learning needs. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 14(1), 90-100. doi: 10.1108/14676371311288976

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., & Furnari, M. (2013). Exploring what university teachers think about education for sustainability. Studies in Higher Education, 38(10), 1577-1590. doi: 10.1080/03075079.2011.644784

Journal - Research Article

Strack, M., Jowett, T., Shephard, K., & Harraway, J. (2013). What impact do higher-education experiences have on the environmental attitudes of surveying students? New Zealand Surveyor, 302, 36-42.

Journal - Research Article

Tolich, M. B., Shephard, K., Carson, S., & Hunt, D. (2013). Co-managing the sustainability of University internship programmes in brownfield sites. New Zealand Sociology, 28(1), 156-170.

Journal - Research Article

Harraway, J., Broughton-Ansin, F., Deaker, L., Jowett, T., & Shephard, K. (2012). Exploring the use of the revised New Ecological Paradigm scale (NEP) to monitor the development of students' ecological worldviews. Journal of Environmental Education, 43(3), 177-191. doi: 10.1080/00958964.2011.634450

Journal - Research Article

Buissink-Smith, N., Mann, S., & Shephard, K. (2011). How do we measure affective learning in higher education? Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, 5(1), 101-114. doi: 10.1177/097340821000500113

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., & Knightbridge, K. (2011). Exploring presentation styles in higher education teaching and research situations: Distance and face-to-face. Open Learning, 26(3), 223-236.

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Harland, T., Stein, S., & Tidswell, T. (2011). Preparing an application for a higher-education teaching-excellence award: Whose foot fits Cinderella's shoe? Journal of Higher Education Policy & Management, 33(1), 47-56. doi: 10.1080/1360080X.2011.537011

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Mansvelt, J., Stein, S., Suddaby, G., Harris, I., & O'Hara, D. (2011). Professional development for e-learning: Researching a strategy for New Zealand's tertiary sector. International Journal on E-Learning, 10(4), 461-481.

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K., Smith, N., Deaker, L., Harraway, J., Broughton-Ansin, F., & Mann, S. (2011). Comparing different measures of affective attributes relating to sustainability. Environmental Education Research, 17(3), 329-340. doi: 10.1080/13504622.2010.542450

Journal - Research Article

Stein, S. J., Shephard, K., & Harris, I. (2011). Conceptions of e-learning and professional development for e-learning held by tertiary educators in New Zealand. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(1), 145-165. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.00997.x

Journal - Research Article

Shephard, K. (2010). Higher education's role in ‘education for sustainability’. Australian Universities' Review, 52(1), 13-22.

Journal - Research Article

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