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Our research explores three themes: Aotearoa's future courts, litigation in the civil courts and accessing legal services. Our research projects (listed below) and their associated publications fit within each of these themes.

Aotearoa’s Future Courts

History of Aotearoa’s courts

Accessibility in an online court

  • Toy-Cronin, B., Irvine, B., Nichols, D., Cunningham, S. & Tkacukova, T. (2018). Testing the promise of access to justice through online courts. International Journal on Online Dispute Resolution, 5, 39-48.
  • Toy-Cronin, B., Irvine, B., Nichols, D., & Cunningham, S. (2018). The promise of access to justice through an online court: Real or illusory? Panel presented to the International Online Dispute Resolution Forum, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Toy-Cronin, B. (2017, Nov). Explaining a dispute in an online court – a new project. Civil Justice Watch Blog.

Audio-visual links to court

Litigating in the Civil Courts

Understanding the pace of civil high court cases

Litigants in person

  • Keeping Up Appearances: Accessing New Zealand's Civil Courts as a Litigant in Person (PhD thesis)
  • Toy-Cronin, B. (2017). A defence of the right to litigate in person. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 37(1), 238-254.
  • Toy-Cronin, B. (2016). I ain't no fool: Deciding to litigate in person in the civil courts. New Zealand Law Review, 4, 723-754.
  • Toy-Cronin, B. (2016). Counsel's tables? Seating counsel and litigants-in-person in the courtroom. New Zealand Law Journal, 4, 148-151.

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Accessing Legal Services

Finding free and low cost legal services

Online legal information

The price of litigation services

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Past projects