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Otago Medical School staff profiles

Professor Tony Dowell

PositionHead of Department and Professor
DepartmentDepartment of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Women's Health (UOW)
QualificationsMBChB (Leeds) MRCGP FRCGP
Research summaryMental Health and general practice

Research

Tony Dowell is Professor of Primary Health Care and Deputy Dean at the University of Otago, Wellington, and a practicing General Practitioner at the Island Bay Medical Centre. Tony's research activities have spanned a wide range of topics relevant to primary care, using both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Current research themes include:

Mental health
- Primary mental health service delivery. Recent projects have included an evaluation of mental health initiatives and the development and piloting of a toolkit for primary mental health care.
- The Anti-depressant Cessation Trial (ACT); a randomized controlled trial of SSRI withdrawal for those with stable depression.
- Development and piloting of a problem solving/ cognitive behavioural ultra-brief intervention (UBI) in routine primary care consultations.
- Classification of mental disorder. Tony is a member of a WHO panel exploring classification issues in mental health for the ICD_11 classification of disease.

Communication in health care
Tony is a founding member of the Applied Research on Communication in Health (ARCH) research group. This group consisting of clinicians, social scientists and sociolinguists is undertaking current projects in the content and quality of consultations in diabetes care, the management of overweight patients and interpreted consultations in general practice and primary care settings.

Quality in health care
Tony has been involved for a number of years in the development of indicators of performance in primary care. He is currently a member of panels at the Quality and Safety Commission developing an Atlas of Variation, and indicators for Ambulatory Sensitive Hospitalisation.

Publications

Mathieson, F., Stanley, J., Collings, C., Tester, R., & Dowell, A. (2019). Cluster randomised controlled trial of a guided self-help mental health intervention in primary care. BMJ Open, 9(2), e023481. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023481

Doolan-Noble, F., Pullon, S., Dowell, T., Fuller, D., & Love, T. (2019). Men living with obesity in New Zealand: What does this mean for health care in general practice? Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2019.02.005

Roberts, K., Dowell, A., & Nie, J.-B. (2019). Attempting rigour and replicability in thematic analysis of qualitative research data: A case study of codebook development. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 19(1), 66. doi: 10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y

Dowell, A. C., Menning, L., MacDonald, N., & Turner, N. (2019). An evolution in thinking to support the post 2020 global vaccine strategy: The application of complexity and implementation science. Vaccine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.05.096

Turner, N. M., MacRae, J., Nowlan, M. L., McBain, L., Stubbe, M. H., & Dowell, A. (2018). Quantifying the incidence and burden of herpes zoster in New Zealand general practice: A retrospective cohort study using a natural language processing software inference algorithm. BMJ Open, 8, e021241. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021241

Authored Book - Research

Dowell, A. C. (2000). A Sunrise, a Supernova and a Free Breakfast: Research and Education in General Practice. Dunedin: University of Otago Press, 44p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Gray, B., Hilder, J., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., Dowell, A., & Stubbe, M. (2017). A New Zealand perspective on providing healthcare for patients with limited English proficiency. In E. A. Jacobs & L. C. Diamond (Eds.), Providing health care in the context of language barriers. (pp. 189-209). Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.

White, S. J., Stubbe, M., Macdonald, L., Dowell, A. C., Dew, K., & Gardner, R. (2016). The referred consultation. In S. White & J. A. Cartmill (Eds.), Communication in surgical practice. (pp. 9-34). Sheffield, UK: Equinox.

Stubbe, M., White, S. J., Macdonald, L., Dowell, A. C., Gardner, R., & Dew, K. (2016). Do surgeons want to operate? Negotiating the treatment plan in surgical consultations. In S. White & J. A. Cartmill (Eds.), Communication in surgical practice. (pp. 124-152). Sheffield, UK: Equinox.

Dew, K., Stubbe, M., Dowell, A., & Macdonald, L. (2012). Side effects talk in general practice consultations. In B. R. Bates & R. Ahmed (Eds.), Medical communication in clinical contexts. (pp. 95-126). Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.

Dowell, T., Morris, C., Dodd, T., & Mcloughlin, B. (2012). Psychological interventions in primary care mental health. In G. Ivbijaro (Ed.), Companion to primary care mental health. (pp. 241-264). London: Wonca & Radcliffe.

Dowell, A. C., & Neal, R. D. (2000). Vision and change in primary care: Past, present and future. In P. Tovey (Ed.), Contemporary Primary Care and Change: Issues and Themes. (pp. 9-25). Buckingham, Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Dowell, A. C. (1999). Multidisciplinary teamwork in Maternity Care. In Community based maternity care. (pp. 9-26). Oxford University Press..

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Journal - Research Article

Mathieson, F., Stanley, J., Collings, C., Tester, R., & Dowell, A. (2019). Cluster randomised controlled trial of a guided self-help mental health intervention in primary care. BMJ Open, 9(2), e023481. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023481

Roberts, K., Dowell, A., & Nie, J.-B. (2019). Attempting rigour and replicability in thematic analysis of qualitative research data: A case study of codebook development. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 19(1), 66. doi: 10.1186/s12874-019-0707-y

Doolan-Noble, F., Pullon, S., Dowell, T., Fuller, D., & Love, T. (2019). Men living with obesity in New Zealand: What does this mean for health care in general practice? Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2019.02.005

Turner, N. M., MacRae, J., Nowlan, M. L., McBain, L., Stubbe, M. H., & Dowell, A. (2018). Quantifying the incidence and burden of herpes zoster in New Zealand general practice: A retrospective cohort study using a natural language processing software inference algorithm. BMJ Open, 8, e021241. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021241

Millar, E., Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Stairmand, J., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., … Sarfati, D. (2018). Pill for this and a pill for that: A cross-sectional survey of use and understanding of medication among adults with multimorbidity. Australasian Journal on Ageing. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/ajag.12606

Dowell, A., Stubbe, M., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., Gray, L., Vernall, S., … Dew, K. (2018). A longitudinal study of interactions between health professionals and people with newly diagnosed diabetes. Annals of Family Medicine, 16(1), 37-44. doi: 10.1370/afm.2144

Gray, L., Stubbe, M., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., Hilder, J., & Dowell, A. C. (2018). A taboo topic? How general practitioners talk about overweight and obesity in New Zealand. Journal of Primary Health Care, 10(2), 150-158. doi: 10.1071/HC17075

Millar, E., Stanley, J., Gurney, J., Stairmand, J., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., … Sarfati, D. (2018). Effect of multimorbidity on health service utilisation and health care experiences. Journal of Primary Health Care, 10(1), 44-53. doi: 10.1071/HC17074

Stairmand, J., Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Millar, E., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., Mangin, D., Lawrenson, R., & Sarfati, D. (2018). The impact of multimorbidity on people's lives: A cross-sectional survey. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1477), 78-90. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Signal, L., Semper, K., Stairmand, J., Davies, C., Millar, E., Dowell, T., … Mangin, D., & Sarfati, D. (2017). A walking stick in one hand and a chainsaw in the other: Patients’ perspectives of living with multimorbidity. New Zealand Medical Journal, 130(1455), 65-76. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Gray, B., Hilder, J., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., Dowell, A., & Stubbe, M. (2017). Are research ethics guidelines culturally competent? Research Ethics, 13(1), 23-41. doi: 10.1177/1747016116650235

Goldberg, D. P., Lam, T.-P., Minhas, F., Razzaque, B., Robles, R., Bobes, J., … Dowell, A. C., … Reed, G. M. (2017). Primary care physicians' use of the proposed classification of common mental disorders for ICD-11. Family Practice, 34(5), 574-580. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmx033

Hilder, J., Gray, B., Dowell, A., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., & Stubbe, M. (2017). ‘It depends on the consultation’: Revisiting use of family members as interpreters for general practice consultations – when and why? Australian Journal of Primary Health, 23, 257-262. doi: 10.1071/PY16053

McDonald, J., McBain, L., Dowell, A. C., & Morris, C. (2017). GPs' views and experiences of prescribing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: A qualitative study. BJGP Open, 1(2), bjgpopen17X100869. doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen17X100869

Roberts, K., Nie, J.-B., & Dowell, T. (2017). From knowing silence to curious engagement: The role of general practitioners to discuss and refer to complementary and alternative medicine. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice, 9, 104-107. doi: 10.1016/j.xjep.2017.09.004

Gibson, R. H., Gander, P. H., Dowell, A. C., & Jones, L. M. (2017). Non-pharmacological interventions for managing dementia-related sleep problems within community dwelling pairs: A mixed-method approach. Dementia, 16(8), 967-984. doi: 10.1177/1471301215625821

Dowell, A., Darlow, B., Macrae, J., Stubbe, M., Turner, N., & McBain, L. (2017). Childhood respiratory illness presentation and service utilisation in primary care: A six-year cohort study in Wellington, New Zealand, using natural language processing (NLP) software. BMJ Open, 7(7), e017146. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017146

Goldberg, D. P., Reed, G. M., Robles, R., Minhas, F., Razzaque, B., Fortes, S., … Dowell, A. C., … Saxena, S. (2017). Screening for anxiety, depression, and anxious depression in primary care: A field study for ICD-11 PHC. Journal of Affective Disorders, 213, 199-206. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.02.025

Dowell, A., Morris, C., McDonald, L., & Stubbe, M. (2017). "I can't bend it and it hurts like mad": Direct observation of gout consultations in routine primary health care. BMC Family Practice, 18(91). doi: 10.1186/s12875-017-0662-9

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Dean, S., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2016). Putting physical activity while experiencing low back pain in context: Balancing the risks and benefits. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 97(2), 245-251. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.09.020

Morris, C., Macdonald, L., Stubbe, M., & Dowell, A. (2016). "It's complicated": Talking about gout medicines in primary care consultations: A qualitative study. BMC Family Practice, 17(1), 114. doi: 10.1186/s12875-016-0515-y

Barton, J., Dew, K., Dowell, A., Sheridan, N., Kenealy, T., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., … Gray, L., & Stubbe, M. (2016). Patient resistance as a resource: Candidate obstacles in diabetes consultations. Sociology of Health & Illness, 38(7), 1151-1166. doi: 10.1111/1467-9566.12447

Goldberg, D. P., Reed, G. M., Robles, R., Bobes, J., Iglesias, C., Fortes, S., … Dowell, A., … Saxena, S. (2016). Multiple somatic symptoms in primary care: A field study for ICD-11 PHC, WHO's revised classification of mental disorders in primary care settings. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 91, 48-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2016.10.002

Theadom, A., Parag, V., Dowell, T., McPherson, K., Starkey, N., Barker-Collo, S., … on behalf of the BIONIC Research Group. (2016). Persistent problems 1 year after mild traumatic brain injury: A longitudinal population study in New Zealand. British Journal of General Practice, 66(642), e16-e23. doi: 10.3399/bjgp16X683161

Barker-Collo, S., Jones, K., Theadom, A., Starkey, N., Dowell, A., McPherson, K., … on behalf of the BIONIC Research Group. (2015). Neuropsychological outcome and its correlates in the first year after adult mild traumatic brain injury: A population-based New Zealand study. Brain Injury, 29(13-14), 1604-1616. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2015.1075143

Collings, S., Mathieson, F., Dowell, A., Stanley, J., Hatcher, S., Goodyear-Smith, F., Lane, B., & Munsterman, A. (2015). Clinical effectiveness of an ultra-brief intervention for common mental health syndromes in primary care: Study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16, 260. doi: 10.1186/s13063-015-0778-y

MacRae, J., Darlow, B., McBain, L., Jones, O., Stubbe, M., Turner, N., & Dowell, A. (2015). Accessing primary care Big Data: The development of a software algorithm to explore the rich content of consultation records. BMJ Open, 5(8), e008160. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008160

Pullon, S., McKinlay, B., Yager, J., Duncan, B., McHugh, P., & Dowell, A. (2015). Developing indicators of service integration for child health: Perceptions of service providers and families of young children in a region of high need in New Zealand. Journal of Child Health Care, 19(1), 18-29. doi: 10.1177/1367493513496673

Barker-Collo, S., Jones, A., Jones, K., Theadom, A., Dowell, A., Starkey, N., … on behalf of the BIONIC Research Group. (2015). Prevalence, natural course and predictors of depression 1 year following traumatic brain injury from a population-based study in New Zealand. Brain Injury, 29(7-8), 859-865. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2015.1004759

Lagolago, W., Theadom, A., Fairbairn-Dunlop, P., Ameratunga, S., Dowell, A., McPherson, K. M., … on behalf of the BIONIC Research Group. (2015). Traumatic brain injury within Pacific people of New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 128(1412). Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Woodbridge, M. R., Dowell, A. C., & Gray, L. (2015). 'He said he had been out doing the traffic': General practitioner perceptions of sexually transmitted infection and HIV testing strategies for men. Journal of Primary Health Care, 7(1), 50-56.

MacRae, J., Love, T., Baker, M. G., Dowell, A., Carnachan, M., Stubbe, M., & McBain, L. (2015). Identifying influenza-like illness presentation from unstructured general practice clinical narrative using a text classifier rule-based expert system versus a clinical expert. BMC Medical Informatics & Decision Making, 15, 78. doi: 10.1186/s12911-015-0201-3

Theadom, A., Cropley, M., Parmar, P., Barker-Collo, S., Starkey, N., Jones, K., … on behalf of the BIONIC Research Group, including Dowell, T. (2015). Sleep difficulties one year following mild traumatic brain injury in a population-based study. Sleep Medicine, 16(8), 926-932. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2015.04.013

Darlow, B., Dean, S., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2015). Easy to harm, hard to heal: Patient views about the back. Spine, 40(11), 842-850. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000000901

Darlow, B., Dean, S., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). Acute low back pain management in general practice: Uncertainty and conflicting certainties. Family Practice, 31(6), 723-732. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmu051

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Stanley, J., Mathieson, F., Melloh, M., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). Cross-sectional survey of attitudes and beliefs about back pain in New Zealand. BMJ Open, 4(5), e004725. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004725

White, S. J., Stubbe, M. H., Macdonald, L. M., Dowell, A. C., Dew, K. P., & Gardner, R. (2014). Framing the consultation: The role of the referral in surgeon-patient consultations. Health Communication, 29(1), 74-80. doi: 10.1080/10410236.2012.718252

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Stanley, J., Melloh, M., Marsh, R., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). The development and exploratory analysis of the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ). BMJ Open, 4(5), e005251. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005251

Te Ao, B., Brown, P., Tobias, M., Ameratunga, S., Barker-Collo, S., Theadom, A., … Dowell, A., … on behalf of the BIONIC Research Group. (2014). Cost of traumatic brain injury in New Zealand: Evidence from a population-based study. Neurology, 83(18), 1645-1652. doi: 10.1212/wnl.0000000000000933

Claridge, R., Gray, L., Stubbe, M., Macdonald, L., Tester, R., & Dowell, A. C. (2014). General practitioner opinion of weight management interventions in New Zealand. Journal of Primary Health Care, 6(3), 212-220.

Mathieson, F., Collings, S., Dowell, A., Goodyear-Smith, F., Stanley, J., & Hatcher, S. (2013). Collaborative research: A case example of dissemination of CBT in primary care. Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 6, e4. doi: 10.1017/S1754470X13000093

Darlow, B., Dowell, A., Baxter, G. D., Mathieson, F., Perry, M., & Dean, S. (2013). The enduring impact of what clinicians say to people with low back pain. Annals of Family Medicine, 11(6), 527-534. doi: 10.1370/afm.1518

White, S. J., Stubbe, M. H., Dew, K. P., Macdonald, L. M., Dowell, A. C., & Gardner, R. (2013). Understanding communication between surgeon and patient in outpatient consultations. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 83(5), 307-311. doi: 10.1111/ans.12126

Perera, G. A. R., Dowell, A. C., & Morris, C. J. (2013). Constructing a framework for quality activity in primary care. Australian Health Review, 37(1), 98-103. doi: 10.1071/AH11097

Lam, T. P., Goldberg, D. P., Dowell, A. C., Fortes, S., Mbatia, J. K., Minhas, F. A., & Klinkman, M. S. (2013). Proposed new diagnoses of anxious depression and bodily stress syndrome in ICD-11-PHC: An international focus group study. Family Practice, 30(1), 76-87. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cms037

Feigin, V. L., Theadom, A., Barker-Collo, S., Starkey, N. J., McPherson, K., Kahan, M., Dowell, A., … for the BIONIC Study Group. (2013). Incidence of traumatic brain injury in New Zealand: A population-based study. Lancet Neurology, 12(1), 53-64. doi: 10.1016/s1474-4422(12)70262-4

Macdonald, L., Stubbe, M., Tester, R., Vernall, S., Dowell, T., Dew, K., Kenealy, T., Sheridan, N., Docherty, B., Gray, L., & Raphael, D. (2013). Nurse-patient communication in primary care diabetes management: An exploratory study. BMC Nursing, 12(20). doi: 10.1186/1472-6955-12-20

Dowell, A., Stubbe, M., Scott-Dowell, K., Macdonald, L., & Dew, K. (2013). Talking with the alien: Interaction with computers in the GP consultation. Australian Journal of Primary Health, 19(4), 275-282. doi: 10.1071/PY13036

van Rij, S., Dowell, T., & Nacey, J. (2013). PSA screening in New Zealand: Total population results and general practitioners’ current attitudes and practices. New Zealand Medical Journal, 126(1381). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Moriarty, H. J., Stubbe, M. H., Chen, L., Tester, R. M., Macdonald, L. M., Dowell, A. C., & Dew, K. P. (2012). Challenges to alcohol and other drug discussions in the general practice consultation. Family Practice, 29(2), 213-222. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmr082

Darlow, B., Fullen, B. M., Dean, S., Hurley, D. A., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2012). The association between health care professional attitudes and beliefs and the attitudes and beliefs, clinical management, and outcomes of patients with low back pain: A systematic review. European Journal of Pain, 16(1), 3-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2011.06.006

Perera, R., Dowell, A., & Crampton, P. (2012). Painting by numbers: A guide for systematically developing indicators of performance at any level of health care. Health Policy, 108(1), 49-59. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2012.07.008

Mathieson, F., Mihaere, K., Collings, S., Dowell, A., & Stanley, J. (2012). Maori cultural adaptation of a brief mental health intervention in primary care. Journal of Primary Health Care, 4(3), 231-238. doi: 10.1071/HC12231

Collings, S., Mathieson, F., Dowell, A., Stanley, J., Jenkin, G., Goodyear-Smith, F., & Hatcher, S. (2012). Acceptability of a guided self-help mental health intervention in general practice. Family Practice, 29(1), 43-49. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmr066

Garrett, S., Elley, C. R., Rose, S. B., O'Dea, D., Lawton, B. A., & Dowell, A. C. (2011). Are physical activity interventions in primary care and the community cost-effective? A systematic review of the evidence. British Journal of General Practice, 61(584), e125-e133. doi: 10.3399/bjgp11X561249

Gardner, J., Dew, K., Stubbe, M., Dowell, T., & Macdonald, L. (2011). Patchwork diagnoses: The production of coherence, uncertainty, and manageable bodies. Social Science & Medicine, 73(6), 843-850. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.12.010

Dwairy, M., Dowell, A. C., & Stahl, J.-C. (2011). The application of foraging theory to the information searching behaviour of general practitioners. BMC Family Practice, 12, 90. doi: 10.1186/1471-2296-12-90

McKinlay, E., Garrett, S., McBain, L., Dowell, T., Collings, S., & Stanley, J. (2011). New Zealand general practice nurses' roles in mental health care. International Nursing Review, 58(2), 225-233. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2010.00859.x

Elley, C. R., Garrett, S., Rose, S. B., O'Dea, D., Lawton, B. A., Moyes, S. A., & Dowell, A. C. (2011). Cost-effectiveness of exercise on prescription with telephone support among women in general practice over 2 years. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(15), 1223-1229. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2010.072439

Kerse, N., Hayman, K. J., Moyes, S. A., Peri, K., Robinson, E., Dowell, A., … Elley, C. R., … Keeling, S., … Arroll, B. (2010). Home-based activity program for older people with depressive symptoms: DeLLITE-a randomized controlled trial. Annals of Family Medicine, 8(3), 214-223. doi: 10.1370/afm.1093

Bupha-Intr, O., Rose, S. B., Lawton, B. A., Elley, C. R., & Dowell, A. C. (2010). Are at-risk New Zealand women receiving recommended cardiovascular preventive therapy? New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1309). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/123-1309/3975/content.pdf

Dew, K., Stubbe, M., Macdonald, L., Dowell, A., & Plumridge, E. (2010). The (non) use of prioritisation protocols by surgeons. Sociology of Health & Illness, 32(4), 545-562. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2009.01229.x

Lawton, B. A., Rose, S. B., Elley, C. R., Dowell, A. C., Fenton, A., & Moyes, S. A. (2009). Exercise on prescription for women aged 40-74 recruited through primary care: Two year randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(2), 120-123.

Hegarty, K., Gunn, J., Blashki, G., Griffiths, F., Dowell, T., & Kendrick, T. (2009). How could depression guidelines be made more relevant and applicable to primary care? A quantitative and qualitative review of national guidelines. British Journal of General Practice, 59(562), 322-328. doi: 10.3399/bjgp09X420581

Lawton, B. A., Rose, S. B., Cormack, D. M., Stanley, J., & Dowell, A. C. (2008). The menopause symptom profile of Maori and non-Maori women in New Zealand. Climacteric, 11, 467-474. doi: 10.1080/13697130802351094

Dew, K., Plumridge, E., Stubbe, M., Dowell, T., Macdonald, L., & Major, G. (2008). 'You just got to eat healthy': The topic of CAM in the general practice consultation. Health Sociology Review, 17(4), 396-409.

Lawton, B., Rose, S., Kieser, J., Broadbent, J., Sussex, P., Thomson, M., & Dowell, A. (2008). Disparities in edentulism and tooth loss between Māori and non-Māori New Zealand women. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 32(3), 254-260.

Stubbe, M., Dowell, T., Plumridge, L., MacDonald, L., & Dew, K. (2008). Antibiotics: Prescribing dilemma: Do our GPs say one thing while doing another? New Zealand Pharmacy, 28(3), 30362.

Rose, S. B., Elley, C. R., Lawton, B. A., & Dowell, A. C. (2008). A single question reliably identifies physically inactive women in primary care. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1268). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1268/2897/content.pdf

Raymont, A., Morgan, S., McLeod, D., Dowell, A., van Rij, A., Cumming, J., … Dew, K., & Cormack, D. (2008). New Zealand general practitioners' non-urgent referrals to surgeons: Who and why? New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1275). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1275/3091/content.pdf

Dew, K., Dowell, T., Stubbe, M., Plumridge, E., & Macdonald, L. (2008). 'Treating' patients differently: A qualitative study of how clinical and social factors shape interactions between doctors and patients. New Zealand Family Physician, 35(6), 282-386.

Kerse, N., Falloon, K., Moyes, S. A., Hayman, K. J., Dowell, T., Kolt, G. S., Elley, C. R., … Keeling, S., … Arroll, B. (2008). DeLLITE depression in late life: An intervention trial of exercise: Design and recruitment of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Geriatrics, 8, 12. doi: 10.1186/1471-2318-8-12

Lawton, B. A., Rose, S. B., Elley, C. R., Dowell, A. C., Fenton, A., & Moyes, S. A. (2008). Exercise on prescription for women aged 40-74 recruited through primary care: Two year randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 337, a2509. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2509

Perera, R., Dowell, T., Crampton, P., & Kearns, R. (2007). Panning for gold: An evidence-based tool for assessment of performance indicators in primary health care. Health Policy, 80, 314-327.

Dowell, A., Macdonald, L., Stubbe, M., Plumridge, E., & Dew, K. (2007). Clinicians at work: What can we learn from interactions in the consultation? New Zealand Family Physician, 34(5), 345-350.

Dew, K., Morgan, S., Dowell, A., McLeod, D., Bushnell, J. A., & Collings, S. (2007). ′It puts things out of your control′: Fear of consequences as a barrier to patient disclosure of mental health issues to general practitioners. Sociology of Health & Illness, 29(7), 1-16.

Rose, S. B., Lawton, B. A., Elley, C. R., Dowell, A. C., & Fenton, A. J. (2007). The 'Women's Lifestyle Study', 2-year randomized controlled trial of physical activity counselling in primary health care: Rationale and study design. BMC Public Health, 7, 166. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-7-166

Vickers, M. R., MacLennan, A. H., Lawton, B., Ford, D., Martin, J., Meredith, S. K., … Rose, S., Dowell, A., … for the WISDOM team. (2007). Main morbidities recorded in the women's international study of long duration oestrogen after menopause (WISDOM): A randomised controlled trial of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. BMJ, 335. doi: 10.1136/bmj.39266.425069.AD

Poynton, L., Dowell, A., Dew, K., & Egan, T. (2006). General practitioners' attitudes toward (and use of) complementary and alternative medicine: A New Zealand nationwide survey. New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1247). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/119-1247/2361/content.pdf

Health Utilisation Research Alliance (HURA), including McLeod, D., Cormack, D., Love, T., Salmond, C., Robson, B., Dowell, T., Crampton, P., Ramage, S., & Howard, M. (2006). Ethnicity, socioeconomic deprivation and consultation rates in New Zealand general practice. Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 11(3), 141-149.

The MaGPIe Research Group, including Dowell, A., Bushnell, J., McLeod, D., Salmond, C., Ramage, S., Collings, S., Ellis, P., Kljakovic, M., & McBain, L. (2006). The treatment of common mental health problems in general practice. Family Practice, 23, 53-59.

Health Utilisation Research Alliance (HURA), including McLeod, D., Cormack, D., Robson, B., Love, T., Salmond, C., Dowell, T., … Crampton, P. (2006). Ethnicity data and primary care in New Zealand: Lessons from the Health Utilisation Research Alliance (HURA) study. New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1231). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/119-1231/1917/content.pdf

Dew, K., Cumming, J., McLeod, D., Morgan, S., McKinlay, E., Dowell, A., & Love, T. (2005). Explicit rationing of elective services: Implementing the New Zealand reforms. Health Policy, 74, 1-12.

Neuwelt, P., Crampton, P., Crengle, S., Dew, K., Dowell, A., Kearns, R., & Thomas, D. (2005). Assessing and developing community participation in primary health care in Aotearoa New Zealand: A national study. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1218). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1218/1562/content.pdf

The MaGPIe Research Group, including Kljakovic, M., Dowell, A., McLeod, D., Bushnell, J., Salmond, C., Ramage, S., Collings, S., Ellis, P., & McBain, L. (2005). Recognition of physical and psychological symptoms: No influence of GP demographic factors. Australian Family Physician, 34(8), 1-4.

Love, T., Crampton, P., Salmond, C., & Dowell, A. (2005). Patterns of medical practice variation: Variability in referral for back pain by New Zealand general practitioners. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1212). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1212/1381/content.pdf

Collings, S., The MaGPIe Research Group, including Bushnell, J., Dowell, A., McLeod, D., Salmond, C., Ramage, S., Ellis, P., Kljakovic, M., & McBain, L. (2005). Disability and the detection of mental disorder in primary care. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 40(12), 994-1002. doi: 10.1007/s00127-005-0984-0

The MaGPIe Research Group, including McLeod, D., Bushnell, J., Dowell, A., Salmond, C., Ramage, S., Collings, S., Ellis, P., Kljakovic, M., & McBain, L. (2005). General practitioners' perceptions of barriers to their provision of mental healthcare: A report on Mental Health and General Practice Investigation (MaGPIe). New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1222). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1222/1654/content.pdf

The MaGPIe Research Group, including Bushnell, J., McLeod, D., Dowell, A., Salmond, C., Ramage, S., Collings, S., Ellis, P., Kljakovic, M., & McBain, L. (2005). Mental disorders among Maori attending their general practitioner. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 39(5), 401-406.

The MaGPIe Research Group, including Dowell, A., Bushnell, J., McLeod, D., Salmond, C., Ramage, S., Collings, S., Ellis, P., Kljakovic, M., & McBain, L. (2005). The effectiveness of case-finding for mental health problems in primary care. British Journal of General Practice, 55, 665-669.

Dew, K., Dowell, A., McLeod, D., Collings, S., & Bushnell, J. (2005). ″This glorious twilight zone of uncertainty″: Mental health consultations in general practice in New Zealand. Social Science & Medicine, 61, 1189-1200.

The MaGPIe Research Group, including McLeod, D., Bushnell, J., Dowell, A., Salmond, C., Ramage, S., Collings, S., Ellis, P., Kljakovic, M., & McBain, L. (2005). Do patients want to disclose psychological problems to GPs? Family Practice, 22(6), 631-637.

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