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Otago Medical School staff profiles

Professor Louise Signal

PositionProfessor
DepartmentDepartment of Public Health (Wellington)
QualificationsBA (Massey) MSocSc (Waik) PhD (Tor)
Research summaryHealth Promotion

Research

Professor Louise Signal is currently Head of the Department of Public Health, Louise is also a Director of the Health Promotion and Policy Research Unit at the University of Otago, Wellington as well as Co-Director of Te Rōpū Rangahau ō Te Kāhui Matepukupuku: Cancer Society Research Collaboration. Louise is a social scientist with a PhD in Community Health from the University of Toronto. She has been a member of the Department of Public Health for over 20 years and has previous experience working at central and local government in health promotion and community development.

Professor Signal’s research focuses on identifying and addressing environmental determinants of health. Her research has a strong focus on equity for Māori, Pacific and low-income communities. Key research areas include the politics of health and health equity, obesity prevention and addressing harm from alcohol and sun exposure. Her research utilises qualitative research methods, policy research and mixed method research design. Professor Signal was principal investigator on an innovative research project that studied the world children live in – Kids’ Cam, which used automated cameras to record children’s worlds.

Publications

Signal, L. N., Edwards, R., Gage, R., Jackson, N., McKerchar, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). The state of cancer prevention in Aotearoa New Zealand: Slow progress requires political leadership and investment for health and equity. Journal of Cancer Policy, 23, 100212. doi: 10.1016/j.jcpo.2019.100212

Liu, W., Barr, M., Pearson, A. L., Chambers, T., Pfeiffer, K. A., Smith, M., & Signal, L. (2020). Space-time analysis of unhealthy food advertising: New Zealand children's exposure and health policy options. Health Promotion International, 35, 812-820. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daz083

Smith, M., Chambers, T., Abbott, M., & Signal, L. (2020). High stakes: Children’s exposure to gambling and gambling marketing using wearable cameras. International Journal of Mental Health & Addiction, 18, 1025-1047. doi: 10.1007/s11469-019-00103-3

Davies, A., Chan, V., Bauman, A., Signal, L., Hosking, C., Gemming, L., & Allman-Farinelli, M. (2020). Using wearable cameras to monitor eating and drinking behaviours during transport journeys. European Journal of Nutrition. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s00394-020-02380-4

Signal, V., Jackson, C., Signal, L., Hardie, C., Holst, K., McLaughlin, M., Steele, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Improving management of comorbidity in patients with colorectal cancer using comprehensive medical assessment: A pilot study. BMC Cancer, 20, 50. doi: 10.1186/s12885-020-6526-z

Authored Book - Research

Signal, L., Martin, J., Cram, F., & Robson, B. (2008). The Health Equity Assessment Tool: A user's guide. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health, 44p.

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Edited Book - Research

Signal, L., & Ratima, M. (Eds.). (2015). Promoting health in Aotearoa New Zealand. Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press, 312p.

Signal, L., Egan, R., & Cook, L. (Eds.). (2009). Reviews of health promotion practice in Aotearoa New Zealand 2007-2008. Auckland, New Zealand: Health Promotion Forum of New Zealand & Health Promotion and Policy Unit, University of Otago, 138p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Dew, K., Cunningham, C., Davies, C., Tavite, H., Stairmand, J., Sarfati, D., & Signal, L. (2017). Māori-centered research and ethnomethodology: Cancer inequities and research by and for indigenous peoples. In SAGE research methods: Cases part 2. SAGE. doi: 10.4135/9781526409218

Signal, L., Ratima, M., & Raeburn, J. (2015). The origins of health promotion. In L. Signal & M. Ratima (Eds.), Promoting health in Aotearoa New Zealand. (pp. 19-41). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Signal, L., & Ratima, M. (2015). Critical reflections and future challenges. In L. Signal & M. Ratima (Eds.), Promoting health in Aotearoa New Zealand. (pp. 285-296). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Signal, L., Jenkin, G., Fougere, G., & Poata-Smith, E. (2015). The politics of health promotion. In L. Signal & M. Ratima (Eds.), Promoting health in Aotearoa New Zealand. (pp. 162-187). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Signal, L., & Ratima, M. (2015). Introduction. In L. Signal & M. Ratima (Eds.), Promoting health in Aotearoa New Zealand. (pp. 7-18). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Signal, L., Soeberg, M., & Quigley, R. (2013). Health impact assessment in local government: A New Zealand case study. In M. O'Mullane (Ed.), Integrating health impact assessment with the policy process: Lessons and experiences from around the world. (pp. 109-118). Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/med/9780199639960.003.0010

Walton, M., & Signal, L. (2010). Childhood obesity and the food environment. In J. Pearce & K. Witten (Eds.), Geographies of obesity: Environmental understandings of the obesity epidemic. (pp. 111-127). Farnham, UK: Ashgate.

Signal, L., & Egan, R. (2009). Reflections on best practice in health promotion in Aotearoa New Zealand. In L. Signal, R. Egan & L. Cook (Eds.), Reviews of health promotion practice in Aotearoa New Zealand 2007-2008. (pp. 129-135). Auckland, New Zealand: Health Promotion Forum of New Zealand & Health Promotion and Policy Unit, University of Otago.

Signal, L., Cook, L., & Egan, R. (2009). Introducing reviews of health promotion practice. In L. Signal, R. Egan & L. Cook (Eds.), Reviews of health promotion practice in Aotearoa New Zealand 2007-2008. (pp. 1-3). Auckland, New Zealand: Health Promotion Forum of New Zealand & Health Promotion and Policy Unit, University of Otago.

Signal, L. (2008). Tools for health equity. In K. Dew & A. Matheson (Eds.), Understanding health inequalities in Aotearoa New Zealand. (pp. 173-184). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Hearn, S., Martin, H., Signal, L., & Wise, M. (2005). Health promotion in Australia and New Zealand: The struggle for equity. In A. Scriven & S. Garman (Eds.), Promoting Health: Global perspectives. (pp. 239-254). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

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Journal - Research Article

Signal, L. N., Edwards, R., Gage, R., Jackson, N., McKerchar, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). The state of cancer prevention in Aotearoa New Zealand: Slow progress requires political leadership and investment for health and equity. Journal of Cancer Policy, 23, 100212. doi: 10.1016/j.jcpo.2019.100212

Signal, V., Jackson, C., Signal, L., Hardie, C., Holst, K., McLaughlin, M., Steele, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Improving management of comorbidity in patients with colorectal cancer using comprehensive medical assessment: A pilot study. BMC Cancer, 20, 50. doi: 10.1186/s12885-020-6526-z

Davies, A., Chan, V., Bauman, A., Signal, L., Hosking, C., Gemming, L., & Allman-Farinelli, M. (2020). Using wearable cameras to monitor eating and drinking behaviours during transport journeys. European Journal of Nutrition. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s00394-020-02380-4

Smith, M., Chambers, T., Abbott, M., & Signal, L. (2020). High stakes: Children’s exposure to gambling and gambling marketing using wearable cameras. International Journal of Mental Health & Addiction, 18, 1025-1047. doi: 10.1007/s11469-019-00103-3

Liu, W., Barr, M., Pearson, A. L., Chambers, T., Pfeiffer, K. A., Smith, M., & Signal, L. (2020). Space-time analysis of unhealthy food advertising: New Zealand children's exposure and health policy options. Health Promotion International, 35, 812-820. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daz083

McKerchar, C., Smith, M., Gage, R., Williman, J., Abel, G., Lacey, C., Ni Mhurchu, C., & Signal, L. (2020). Kids in a candy store: An objective analysis of children's interactions with food in convenience stores. Nutrients, 12(7), 2143. doi: 10.3390/nu12072143

Vaipuna, T., Allison, L., Bhasin, A., Choi, K., Chu, A., Grice, K., Hay, A., Huang, S., Jarvis, E.-M., Laing, B., Lewis, A., Moriarty, R. H., … Rajendra, P., Simpson, J., Tay, A., Yang, A., Smith, M., Gage, R., … Signal, L. (2020). An objective methodology capturing online commodity marketing and other harms. Health Promotion International. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daz131

Teng, A., Puloka, V., Genç, M., Filimoehala, O., Latu, C., Lolomana'ia, M., … Signal, L., & Wilson, N. (2020). Sweetened beverage taxes and changes in beverage price, imports and manufacturing: Interrupted time series analysis in a middle-income country. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 17, 90. doi: 10.1186/s12966-020-00980-1

Teariki, M. A., Tiatia, R., O'Sullivan, K., Puloka, V., Signal, L., Shearer, I., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2020). Beyond home: Exploring energy poverty among youth in four diverse Pacific island states. Energy Research & Social Science, 70, 101638. doi: 10.1016/j.erss.2020.101638

Signal, L. N., Jenkin, G. L. S., Barr, M., Smith, M., Chambers, T. J., Hoek, J., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2019). Prime Minister for a day: Children's views on junk food marketing and what to do about it. New Zealand Medical Journal, 132(1492), 36-45. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Chambers, T., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Signal, L. (2019). Studying third-parties and environments: New Zealand sun-safety research. Health Promotion International, 34(3), 440-446. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dax094

Veatupu, L., Puloka, V., Smith, M., McKerchar, C., & Signal, L. (2019). Me'akai in Tonga: Exploring the nature and context of the food Tongan children eat in Ha'apai using wearable cameras. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 16(10), 1681. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101681

Gage, R., Wilson, N., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2019). Shade in playgrounds: Findings from a nationwide survey and implications for urban health policy. Journal of Public Health, 27(5), 669-674. doi: 10.1007/s10389-018-0990-9

McKerchar, C., Smith, M., Stanley, J., Barr, M., Chambers, T., Abel, G., Lacey, C., Gage, R., … Signal, L. (2019). Food store environment examination: FoodSee: A new method to study the food store environment using wearable cameras. Global Health Promotion. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1757975919859575

Chambers, T., Stanley, J., Pearson, A. L., Smith, M., Barr, M., Ni Mhurchu, C., & Signal, L. (2019). Quantifying children's non-supermarket exposure to alcohol marketing via product packaging using wearable cameras. Journal of Studies on Alcohol & Drugs, 80(2), 158-166. doi: 10.15288/jsad.2019.80.158

Dew, K., Barton, J., Stairmand, J., Sarfati, D., & Signal, L. (2019). Ascertaining patients’ understandings of their condition: A conversation analysis of contradictory norms in cancer specialist consultations. Health Sociology Review, 28(3), 229-244. doi: 10.1080/14461242.2019.1633945

Carter, M.-A., Signal, L. N., Edwards, R., & Hoek, J. (2019). Competing teammates: Food in New Zealand sports settings. Health Promotion International, 34(4), 803-810. doi: 10.1093/heapro/day035

Teng, A. M., Jones, A. C., Mizdrak, A., Signal, L., Genç, M., & Wilson, N. (2019). Impact of sugar-sweetened beverage taxes on purchases and dietary intake: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, 20, 1187-1204. doi: 10.1111/obr.12868

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Kawachi, I., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., … Signal, L. (2018). Children's home and school neighbourhood exposure to alcohol marketing: Using wearable camera and GPS data to directly examine the link between retailer availability and visual exposure to marketing. Health & Place, 54, 102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.09.012

Gage, R., O'Toole, C., Robinson, A., Reeder, A., Signal, L., & Mackay, C. (2018). Wellington playgrounds uncovered: An examination of solar ultraviolet radiation and shade protection in New Zealand. Photochemistry & Photobiology, 94(2), 357-361. doi: 10.1111/php.12855

Gage, R., Wilson, N., Signal, L., Barr, M., Reeder, A., & Thomson, G. (2018). Using Google Earth to assess shade for sun protection in urban recreation spaces: Methods and results. Journal of Health Communication, 43, 1061-1068. doi: 10.1007/s10900-018-0522-0

Wilson, N., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2018). Surveying all public drinking water fountains in a city: Outdoor field observations and Google Street View. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 42(1), 83-85. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12730

Signal, L. N., Bowers, S. G., Edwards, R., Gifford, H., Hudson, S., Jenkin, G. L. S., Lanumata, T. S., Russell, M. L., Thomson, G., & Walton, M. D. (2018). Process, pitfalls and profits: Lessons from interviewing New Zealand policy-makers. Health Promotion International, 33(2), 187-194. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daw065

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Smith, M., Barr, M., Chambers, T., & Signal, L. (2018). Sun protection among New Zealand primary school children. Health Education & Behavior, 45(5), 800-807. doi: 10.1177/1090198117741943

Chambers, T., Stanley, J., Signal, L., Pearson, A. L., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2018). Quantifying the nature and extent of children's real-time exposure to alcohol marketing in their everyday lives using wearable cameras: Children's exposure via a range of media in a range of key places. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 53(5), 626-633. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agy053

O'Brien, I., Signal, L., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Wide-ranging impacts reported by NZ cancer survivors: Is supporting cancer survivor resilience a health sector role? Supportive Care in Cancer, 26(4), 1207-1213. doi: 10.1007/s00520-017-3943-x

Dew, K., Signal, L., Stairmand, J., Simpson, A., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Cancer care decision-making and treatment consent: An observational study of patients’ and clinicians’ rights. Journal of Sociology, 55(1), 161-178. doi: 10.1177/1440783318773880

Signal, L. N., Watts, C., Murphy, C., Eyles, H., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2018). Appetite for health-related food taxes: New Zealand stakeholder views. Health Promotion International, 33(5), 791-800. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dax019

Smith, M., Stanley, J., Signal, L., Barr, M., Chambers, T., Balina, A., … Wilson, N. (2018). Children's healthy and unhealthy beverage availability, purchase and consumption: A wearable camera study. Appetite, 133, 240-251. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.11.004

Gage, R., Barr, M., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Smith, M., Chambers, T., Leung, W., & Signal, L. (2018). Sun protection and shade availability in New Zealand's outdoor recreation spaces. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1484), 30-37. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Signal, L., Semper, K., Stairmand, J., Davies, C., Millar, E., Dowell, T., … Mangin, D., & Sarfati, D. (2017). A walking stick in one hand and a chainsaw in the other: Patients’ perspectives of living with multimorbidity. New Zealand Medical Journal, 130(1455), 65-76. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Signal, L. N., Smith, M. B., Barr, M., Stanley, J., Chambers, T. J., Zhou, J., … Jenkin, G. L. S., Pearson, A. L., … Hoek, J., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2017). Kids'Cam: An objective methodology to study the world in which children live. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 53(3), e89-e95. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2017.02.016

Smith, M., Signal, L., Edwards, R., & Hoek, J. (2017). Children's and parents' opinions on the sport-related food environment: A systematic review. Obesity Reviews, 18(9), 1018-1039. doi: 10.1111/obr.12558

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., Ni Mhurchu, C., & Signal, L. (2017). Children's exposure to alcohol marketing within supermarkets: An objective analysis using GPS technology and wearable cameras. Health & Place, 46, 274-280. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.003

Robinson, A., Hulme-Moir, S., Puloka, V., Smith, M., Stanley, J., & Signal, L. (2017). Housing as a determinant of Tongan children's health: Innovative methodology using wearable cameras. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 14(10), 1170. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14101170

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Kawachi, I., Rzotkiewicz, Z., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., … Signal, L. (2017). Kids in space: Measuring children’s residential neighborhoods and other destinations using activity space GPS and wearable camera data. Social Science & Medicine, 193, 41-50. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.09.046

Pearson, A. L., Bottomley, R., Chambers, T., Thornton, L., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Signal, L. (2017). Measuring blue space visibility and ‘blue recreation’ in the everyday lives of children in a capital city. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 14(6), 563. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14060563

Signal, L. N., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M. L., Chambers, T. J., Zhou, J., … McKerchar, C., Pearson, A. L., Hoek, J., Jenkin, G. L. S., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2017). Children's everyday exposure to food marketing: An objective analysis using wearable cameras. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 14, 137. doi: 10.1186/s12966-017-0570-3

Chambers, T., Signal, L., Carter, M.-A., McConville, S., Wong, R., & Zhu, W. (2017). Alcohol sponsorship of a summer of sport: A frequency analysis of alcohol marketing during major sports events on New Zealand television. New Zealand Medical Journal, 130(1448), 27-33. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Barr, M., Chambers, T., Smith, M., & Signal, L. (2017). Clothing protection from ultraviolet radiation: A new method for assessment. Photochemistry & Photobiology, 93(6), 1513-1518. doi: 10.1111/php.12803

D'Souza, A. J., Russell, M., Wood, B., Signal, L., & Elder, D. (2016). Attitudes to physical punishment of children are changing. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(8), 690-693. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-310119

Barr, M., Signal, L., Jenkin, G., & Smith, M. (2015). Capturing exposures: Using automated cameras to document environmental determinants of obesity. Health Promotion International, 30(1), 56-63. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dau089

Thornley, L., Ball, J., Signal, L., Lawson-Te Aho, K., & Rawson, E. (2015). Building community resilience: Learning from the Canterbury earthquakes. Kōtuitui, 10(1), 23-35. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2014.934846

Stairmand, J., Signal, L., Sarfati, D., Jackson, C., Batten, L., Holdaway, M., & Cunningham, C. (2015). Consideration of comorbidity in treatment decision making in multidisciplinary cancer team meetings: A systematic review. Annals of Oncology, 26, 1325-1332. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdv025

Dew, K., Signal, L., Davies, C., Tavite, H., Hooper, C., Sarfati, D., Stairmand, J., & Cunningham, C. (2015). Dissonant roles: The experience of Māori in cancer care. Social Science & Medicine, 138, 144-151. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.06.008

McKerchar, C., Bowers, S., Heta, C., Signal, L., & Matoe, L. (2015). Enhancing Māori food security using traditional kai. Global Health Promotion, 22(3), 15-24. doi: 10.1177/1757975914543573

Dew, K., Stubbe, M., Signal, L., Stairmand, J., Dennett, E., Koea, J., Simpson, A., Sarfati, D., … Holdaway, M. (2015). Cancer care decision making in multidisciplinary meetings. Qualitative Health Research, 25(3), 397-407. doi: 10.1177/1049732314553010

Pearson, A. L., de Latour, P., Kemp, G., Findlay, N., Halim, A., Atkinson, N., Chong, M., Cameron, R., Brown, C., Kim, G., Campbell, P., Hills, T., Jayawant, A., Chae, M., Bhagavan, C., French, C., Jenkin, G., Smith, M., & Signal, L. (2014). Understanding differences in access to water fountains and sugar-sweetened beverages in children. Health & Place, 30, 94-97. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.08.013

Jenkin, G., Madhvani, N., Signal, L., & Bowers, S. (2014). A systematic review of persuasive marketing techniques to promote food to children on television. Obesity Reviews, 15(4), 281-293. doi: 10.1111/obr.12141

Duignan, M., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2014). "Good intentions, but inadequate practices": Sun protection in early childhood centres: A qualitative study from New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1389). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Smith, M., Jenkin, G., Signal, L., & McLean, R. (2014). Consuming calories and creating cavities: Beverages NZ children associate with sport. Appetite, 81, 209-217. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.06.015

Collings, S., Jenkin, G., Carter, K., & Signal, L. (2014). Gender differences in the mental health of single parents: New Zealand evidence from a household panel survey. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49(5), 811-821. doi: 10.1007/s00127-013-0796-6

Carter, M.-A., Signal, L., Edwards, R., Hoek, J., & Maher, A. (2013). Food, fizzy, and football: Promoting unhealthy food and beverages through sport: A New Zealand case study. BMC Public Health, 13, 126. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-126

Signal, L. N., Walton, M. D., Ni Mhurchu, C., Maddison, R., Bowers, S. G., Carter, K. N., … Lanumata, T. S., McKerchar, C. W., O'Dea, D., & Pearce, J. (2013). Tackling 'wicked' health promotion problems: A New Zealand case study. Health Promotion International, 28(1), 84-94. doi: 10.1093/heapro/das006

Walton, M., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2013). Public policy to promote healthy nutrition in schools: Views of policymakers. Health Education Journal, 72(3), 283-291. doi: 10.1177/0017896912442950

White, J., & Signal, L. (2012). Submissions to the Australian and New Zealand Review of Food Labelling Law and Policy support traffic light nutrition labelling. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 36(5), 446-451. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2012.00913.x

Signal, L., Lanumata, T., Ni Mhurchu, C., & Gorton, D. (2012). Front-of-pack nutrition labelling in New Zealand: An exploration of stakeholder views about research and implementation. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 23(1), 48-51. doi: 10.1071/HE12048

Jenkin, G., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2012). Nutrition policy in whose interests? A New Zealand case study. Public Health Nutrition, 15(8), 1483-1488. doi: 10.1017/s1368980011003028

Carter, M.-A., Edwards, R., Signal, L., & Hoek, J. (2012). Availability and marketing of food and beverages to children through sports settings: A systematic review. Public Health Nutrition, 18(8), 1373-1379. doi: 10.1017/s136898001100320x

Signal, L., Lanumata, T., & Bowers, S. (2012). Punching loan sharks on the nose: Effective interventions to reduce financial hardship in New Zealand. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 23(2), 108-111.

Mules, T., Taylor, J., Price, R., Walker, L., Singh, B., Newsam, P., Palaniyappan, T., Snook, T., Ruselan, M., Ryan, J., Santhirasegaran, J., Shearman, P., Watson, P., Zino, R., Signal, L., Fougere, G., Moriarty, H., & Jenkin, G. (2012). Addressing patient alcohol use: A view from general practice. Journal of Primary Health Care, 4(3), 217-222. doi: 10.1071/HC12217

Russell, M., Price, R., Signal, L., Stanley, J., Gerring, Z., & Cumming, J. (2011). What do passengers do during travel time? Structured observations on buses and trains. Journal of Public Transportation, 14(3), 123-146.

Jenkin, G. L., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2011). Framing obesity: The framing contest between industry and public health at the New Zealand inquiry into obesity. Obesity Reviews, 12(12), 1022-1030. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2011.00918.x

Kessaram, T., & Signal, L. (2011). Disaster management through a health promotion lens. Keeping Up to Date, 36, I-VI.

Thornley, L., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2010). Does industry regulation of food advertising protect child rights? Critical Public Health, 20(1), 25-33. doi: 10.1080/09581590802566461

Walton, M., Waiti, J., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2010). Identifying barriers to promoting healthy nutrition in New Zealand primary schools. Health Education Journal, 69(1), 84-94. doi: 10.1177/0017896910363152

Bierre, S., Howden-Chapman, P., & Signal, L. (2010). ‘Ma and Pa’ landlords and the ‘risky’ tenant: Discourses in the New Zealand private rental sector. Housing Studies, 25(1), 21-38. doi: 10.1080/02673030903362027

Smith, M. B., & Signal, L. (2009). Global influences on milk purchasing in New Zealand: Implications for health and inequalities. Globalization & Health, 5. doi: 10.1186/1744-8603-5-1

Walton, M., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2009). Household economic resources as a determinant of childhood nutrition: Policy responses for New Zealand. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 36, 194-207.

Pollock, S., Signal, L., & Watts, C. (2009). Supermarket discounts: Are they promoting healthy non-alcoholic beverages? Nutrition & Dietetics, 66(2), 101-107. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2009.01336.x

Signal, L., Lanumata, T., Robinson, J.-A., Tavila, A., Wilton, J., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2008). Perceptions of New Zealand nutrition labels by Māori, Pacific and low-income shoppers. Public Health Nutrition, 11(7), 706-713.

Walton, M., & Signal, L. (2008). Environmental influences on obesity and children's nutrition in Aotearoa New Zealand. Keeping Up to Date, (27 & 28), 1-8.

Walker, T., Signal, L., Russell, M., Smiler, K., Tuhiwai-Ruru, R., Otaki Community Health Centre, Te Wakahuia Hauora, Te Aitanga a Hauiti Hauora, & Turanga Health. (2008). The road we travel: Māori experience of cancer. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1279). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1279/3193/content.pdf

Signal, L., Martin, J., Reid, P., Carroll, C., Howden-Chapman, P., Keefe-Ormsby, V., … Robson, B., & Wall, T. (2007). Tackling health inequalities: Moving theory to action. International Journal for Equity in Health, 6. doi: 10.1186/1475-9276-6-12

Bierre, S., Howden-Chapman, P., Signal, L., & Cunningham, C. (2007). Institutional challenges in addressing healthy low-cost housing for all: Learning from past policy. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 30, 42-64.

Bauman, A., O'Hara, L., Signal, L., Smith, B., Ritchie, J., Parker, E., & Rissel, C. (2007). A perspective on changes in values in the profession of health promotion. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 18(1), 3-6.

Signal, L. (2006). The challenge of Hauora: Everyone's right. Health Promotion Forum of New Zealand Newsletter, 72, 1-2.

Signal, L., Langford, B., Quigley, R., & Ward, M. (2006). Strengthening health, wellbeing and equity: Embedding policy-level HIA in New Zealand. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 29, 17-31.

Wilson, N., Signal, L., Nicholls, S., & Thomson, G. (2006). Marketing fat and sugar to children on New Zealand television. Preventive Medicine, 42, 96-101.

Maher, A., Wilson, N., Signal, L., & Thomson, G. (2006). Patterns of sports sponsorship by gambling, alcohol and food companies: An Internet survey. BMC Public Health, 6, 95. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-6-95

Thomson, G., & Signal, L. (2005). Associations between universities and the tobacco industry: What institutional policies limit these associations? Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, (26), 186-204.

Maher, A., Wilson, N., & Signal, L. (2005). Advertising and availability of 'obesogenic' foods around New Zealand secondary schools: A pilot study. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1218). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1218/1556/content.pdf

Signal, L., Rochford, T., Martin, J., Dew, K., Grant, M., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2004). Strengthening the capacity of mainstream organisations to tackle inequalities in health for Mäori: A heart health case study. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 15(3), 221-225.

Richards, R., Fithian, N., Signal, L., & Craft, M. (2004). Equity focused HIA in New Zealand: What it can do for policy development. NSW Health Impact Assessment Project E-News, (11), 1-2. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hia/news/nswenews/en/

Signal, L. N., & Durham, G. (2000). A case study of health goals in New Zealand. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 24(2), 192-197.

Wise, M., & Signal, L. N. (2000). Health promotion development in Australia and New Zealand. Health Promotion International, 15(3), 237-248.

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