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Otago Medical School staff profiles

Dr Cristina Cleghorn

PositionSenior Research Fellow
DepartmentDepartment of Public Health (Wellington)
QualificationsBSc, MSc, PhD
Research summaryBurden of Disease

Research

Cristina is a Nutrition Researcher with a strong interest in disease prevention in both low and high income countries. She recently completed her PhD investigating the relationships between agrobiodiversity, dietary diversity and nutritional status in Tanzania. Prior to her PhD, Cristina had been working as a Research Fellow in the Nutritional Epidemiology Group at the University of Leeds on a number of obesity prevention and dietary improvement interventions in both children and adults.

As a senior research fellow in the Burden of Disease Epidemiology, Equity and Cost-Effectiveness Programme (BODE3), Cristina is currently working on the modelling of burden of disease, intervention effectiveness and cost-effectiveness with a focus on interventions which could reduce the use of tobacco and modify dietary intake in the New Zealand population.

Publications

Nghiem, N., Leung, W., Cleghorn, C., Blakely, T., & Wilson, N. (2019). Mass media promotion of a smartphone smoking cessation app: Modelled health and cost-saving impacts. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 283. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6605-8

Waterlander, W. E., Jiang, Y., Nghiem, N., Eyles, H., Wilson, N., Cleghorn, C., Genç, M., … Blakely, T. (2019). The effect of food price changes on consumer purchases: A randomised experiment. Lancet Public Health, 4(8), e394-e405. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30105-7

Mizdrak, A., Blakely, T., Cleghorn, C. L., & Cobiac, L. J. (2019). Potential of active transport to improve health, reduce healthcare costs, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions: A modelling study. PLoS ONE, 14(7), e0129316. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219316

Petrović-van der Deen, F. S., Wilson, N., Crothers, A., Cleghorn, C. L., Gartner, C., & Blakely, T. (2019). Potential country-level health and cost impacts of legalizing domestic sale of vaporized nicotine products. Epidemiology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1097/ede.0000000000000975

Cleghorn, C., Blakely, T., Ni Mhurchu, C., Wilson, N., Neal, B., & Eyles, H. (2019). Estimating the health benefits and cost-savings of a cap on the size of single serve sugar-sweetened beverages. Preventive Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.01.009

Journal - Research Article

Nghiem, N., Leung, W., Cleghorn, C., Blakely, T., & Wilson, N. (2019). Mass media promotion of a smartphone smoking cessation app: Modelled health and cost-saving impacts. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 283. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6605-8

Cleghorn, C., Blakely, T., Ni Mhurchu, C., Wilson, N., Neal, B., & Eyles, H. (2019). Estimating the health benefits and cost-savings of a cap on the size of single serve sugar-sweetened beverages. Preventive Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.01.009

Petrović-van der Deen, F. S., Wilson, N., Crothers, A., Cleghorn, C. L., Gartner, C., & Blakely, T. (2019). Potential country-level health and cost impacts of legalizing domestic sale of vaporized nicotine products. Epidemiology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1097/ede.0000000000000975

Mizdrak, A., Blakely, T., Cleghorn, C. L., & Cobiac, L. J. (2019). Potential of active transport to improve health, reduce healthcare costs, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions: A modelling study. PLoS ONE, 14(7), e0129316. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219316

Waterlander, W. E., Jiang, Y., Nghiem, N., Eyles, H., Wilson, N., Cleghorn, C., Genç, M., … Blakely, T. (2019). The effect of food price changes on consumer purchases: A randomised experiment. Lancet Public Health, 4(8), e394-e405. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30105-7

Cleghorn, C., Wilson, N., Nair, N., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., McLeod, M., & Blakely, T. (2019). Health benefits and cost-effectiveness from promoting smartphone apps for weight loss: Multistate life table modeling. JMIR mHealth & uHealth, 7(1), e11118. doi: 10.2196/11118

Kasawara, K. T., Paulino, D. S. M., Bgeginski, R., Cleghorn, C. L., Mottola, M. F., & Surita, F. G. (2018). Translation and cultural adaptation of the short-form Food Frequency Questionnaire for pregnancy into Brazilian Portuguese. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetríca. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1655750

Nghiem, N., Cleghorn, C. L., Leung, W., Nair, N., van der Deen, F. S., Blakely, T., & Wilson, N. (2018). A national quitline service and its promotion in the mass media: Modelling the health gain, health equity and cost-utility. Tobacco Control, 27(4), 434-441. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053660

Mittal, T. K., Cleghorn, C. L., Cade, J. E., Barr, S., Grove, T., Bassett, P., … Kotseva, K. (2018). A cross-sectional survey of cardiovascular health and lifestyle habits of hospital staff in the UK: Do we look after ourselves? European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 25(5), 543-550. doi: 10.1177/2047487317746320

Petrović-van der Deen, F. S., Blakely, T., Kvizhinadze, G., Cleghorn, C. L., Cobiac, L. J., & Wilson, N. (2018). Restricting tobacco sales to only pharmacies combined with cessation advice: A modelling study of the future smoking prevalence, health and cost impacts. Tobacco Control. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054600

Eyles, H., Jiang, Y., Blakely, T., Neal, B., Crowley, J., Cleghorn, C., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2018). Five year trends in the serve size, energy, and sodium contents of New Zealand fast foods: 2012 to 2016. Nutrition Journal, 17, 65. doi: 10.1186/s12937-018-0373-7

Cleghorn, C. L., Blakely, T., Kvizhinadze, G., van der Deen, F. S., Nghiem, N., Cobiac, L. J., & Wilson, N. (2018). Impact of increasing tobacco taxes on working-age adults: Short-term health gain, health equity and cost savings. Tobacco Control, 27(e2), e167-e170. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053914

Waterlander, W. E., Ni Mhurchu, C., Eyles, H., Vandevijvere, S., Cleghorn, C., Scarborough, P., … Seidell, J. (2018). Food futures: Developing effective food systems interventions to improve public health nutrition. Agricultural Systems, 160, 124-131. doi: 10.1016/j.agsy.2017.01.006

van der Deen, F. S., Wilson, N., Cleghorn, C. L., Kvizhinadze, G., Cobiac, L. J., Nghiem, N., & Blakely, T. (2018). Impact of five tobacco endgame strategies on future smoking prevalence, population health and health system costs: Two modelling studies to inform the tobacco endgame. Tobacco Control, 27(3), 278-286. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2016-053585

Pearson, A. L., Cleghorn, C. L., van der Deen, F. S., Cobiac, L. J., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., Blakely, T., & Wilson, N. (2017). Tobacco retail outlet restrictions: Health and cost impacts from multistate life-table modelling in a national population. Tobacco Control, 26(5), 579-585. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052846

Evans, C. E. L., Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Gale, C. P., Cleghorn, C. L., & Burley, V. J. (2017). Glycemic index, glycemic load, and blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 105, 1176-1190. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.116.143685

Cleghorn, C. L., Harrison, R. A., Ransley, J. K., Wilkinson, S., Thomas, J., & Cade, J. E. (2016). Can a dietary quality score derived from a short-form FFQ assess dietary quality in UK adult population surveys? Public Health Nutrition, 19(16), 2915-2923. doi: 10.1017/S1368980016001099

Wilson, N., Nghiem, N., Ryan, S., Cleghorn, C., Nair, N., & Blakely, T. (2016). Desiging low-cost "heart healthy bread": Optimization using linear programming and 15-country comparison. BMC Nutrition, 2, 23. doi: 10.1186/s40795-016-0062-x

Nghiem, N., Blakely, T., Cobiac, L. J., Cleghorn, C. L., & Wilson, N. (2016). The health gains and cost savings of dietary salt reduction interventions, with equity and age distributional aspects. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 423. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3102-1

Wilson, N., Nghiem, N., Eyles, H., Ni Mhurchu, C., Shields, E., Cobiac, L. J., Cleghorn, C. L., & Blakely, T. (2016). Modeling health gains and cost savings for ten dietary salt reduction targets. Nutrition Journal, 15, 44. doi: 10.1186/s12937-016-0161-1

Evans, C. E. L., Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C. E., … Burley, V. J. (2015). Effects of dietary fibre type on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of healthy individuals. Journal of Hypertension, 33(5), 897-911. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000000515

Blakely, T., Cobiac, L. J., Cleghorn, C. L., Pearson, A. L., van der Deen, F. S., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., McLeod, M., & Wilson, N. (2015). Health, health inequality, and cost impacts of annual increases in tobacco tax: Multistate life table modeling in New Zealand. PLoS Medicine, 12(7), e1001856. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001856

Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., & Burley, V. J. (2014). Association between sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and type 2 diabetes: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. British Journal of Nutrition, 112(5), 725-734. doi: 10.1017/S0007114514001329

Goodall, M., Barton, G. R., Bower, P., Byrne, P., Cade, J. E., Capewell, S., Cleghorn, C. L., … Gabbay, M. B. (2014). Food for thought: Pilot randomized controlled trial of lay health trainers supporting dietary change to reduce cardiovascular disease in deprived communities. Journal of Public Health, 36(4), 635-643. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdt112

Threapleton, D. E., Greenwood, D. C., Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., … Burley, V. J. (2013). Dietary fibre intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: Systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ, 347, f6879. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f6879

Greenwood, D. C., Threapleton, D. E., Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., & Burley, V. J. (2013). Glycemic index, glycemic load, carbohydrates, and type 2 diabetes: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Diabetes Care, 36(12), 4166-4171. doi: 10.2337/dc13-0325

Threapleton, D. E., Greenwood, D. C., Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., … Burley, V. J. (2013). Dietary fiber intake and risk of first stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Stroke, 44(5), 1360-1368. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.000151

Hutchinson, J., Lentjes, M. A. H., Greenwood, D. C., Burley, V. J., Cleghorn, C. L., Threapleton, D. E., … Khaw, K. T. (2012). Vitamin C intake from diary recordings and risk of breast cancer in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 66(5), 561-568. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2011.197

Evans, C. E. L., Christian, M. S., Cleghorn, C. L., Greenwood, D. C., & Cade, J. E. (2012). Systematic review and meta-analysis of school-based interventions to improve daily fruit and vegetable intake in children aged 5 to 12 y. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96(4), 889-901. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.030270

Evans, C. E. L., Cleghorn, C. L., Greenwood, D. C., & Cade, J. E. (2010). A comparison of British school meals and packed lunches from 1990 to 2007: Meta-analysis by lunch type. British Journal of Nutrition, 104(4), 474-487. doi: 10.1017/S0007114510001601

Evans, C. E. L., Greenwood, D. C., Thomas, J. D., Cleghorn, C. L., Kitchen, M. S., & Cade, J. E. (2010). SMART lunch box intervention to improve the food and nutrient content of children's packed lunches: UK wide cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 64(11), 970-976. doi: 10.1136/jech.2008.085837

Cleghorn, C. L., Evans, C. E. L., Kitchen, M. S., & Cade, J. E. (2010). Details and acceptability of a nutrition intervention programme designed to improve the contents of childrens packed lunches. Public Health Nutrition, 13(8), 1254-1261. doi: 10.1017/S1368980009991509

Cleghorn, C. L., Skeaff, C. M., Mann, J., & Chisholm, A. (2003). Plant sterol-enriched spread enhances the cholesterol-lowering potential of a fat-reduced diet. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57, 170-176. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601531

Heath, A.-L. M., Tuttle, C. R., Simons, M. S. L., Cleghorn, C. L., & Parnell, W. R. (2002). A longitudinal study of breastfeeding and weaning practices during the first year of life in Dunedin, New Zealand. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 102(7), 937-943. doi: 10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90214-2

Heath, A.-L. M., Tuttle, C. R., Simons, M. S. L., Cleghorn, C. L., & Parnell, W. R. (2002). Longitudinal study of diet and iron deficiency anaemia in infants during the first two years of life. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 11(4), 251-257. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-6047.2002.00313.x

Heath, A.-L. M., Tuttle, C. R., Cleghorn, C. L., & Parnell, W. R. (2000). A survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices associated with infant feeding in a New Zealand Maori population. Journal of the New Zealand Dietetic Association, 54(2), 94-98.

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Journal - Research Other

Barthow, C., Hood, F., McKinlay, E., Hilder, J., Cleghorn, C., Huthwaite, M., Weatherall, M., Parry-Strong, A., Pullon, S., Gray, B., Wickens, K., Crane, J., & Krebs, J. (2019). Food 4 Health: He Oranga Kai: Assessing the efficacy, acceptability and economic implications of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and β-glucan to improve glycated haemoglobin, metabolic health, and general well-being in adults with pre-diabetes: Study protocol for a 2 x 2 factorial design, parallel group, placebo-controlled randomized controlled trial, with embedded qualitative study and economic analysis. Trials, 20, 464. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3553-7

Stanley, J., & Cleghorn, C. (2018). Weight and fitness changes across generations: Better evidence can help prioritise better public health interventions. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1482), 10-12. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Waterlander, W. E., Blakely, T., Nghiem, N., Cleghorn, C. L., Eyles, H., Genc, M., Wilson, N., … Ni Mhurchu, C. (2016). Study protocol: Combining experimental methods, econometrics and simulation modelling to determine price elasticities for studying food taxes and subsidies (The Price ExaM Study). BMC Public Health, 16, 601. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3277-5

Cleghorn, C., & Wilson, N. (2016). The benefits of constraining processed meat and red meat consumption in New Zealand: A public health perspective. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1445), 115-121. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Patel, R., Sulzberger, L., Li, G., Mair, J., Morley, H., Ng-Wai Shing, M., O'Leary, C., Prakash, A., Robilliard, N., Rutherford, M., Sharpe, C., Shie, C., Sritharan, L., Turnbull, J., Whyte, I., Yu, H., Cleghorn, C., Leung, W., & Wilson, N. (2015). Smartphone apps for weight loss and smoking cessation: Quality ranking of 120 apps. New Zealand Medical Journal, 128(1421). Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Wilson, N., Nghiem, N., Eyles, H., Ni Mhurchu, C., Cobiac, L. J., Pearson, A. L., Cleghorn, C., & Blakely, T. (2014). Possible impact of the Tick Programme in New Zealand on selected nutrient intakes: Tentative estimates and methodological complexities. New Zealand Medical Journal, 127(1399). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

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