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Otago Medical School staff profiles

Dr Ben Darlow

PositionSenior Lecturer
DepartmentDepartment of Primary Health Care and General Practice (UOW)
Research summaryBack pain; interprofessional education

Research

Ben’s main research foci are low back pain and interprofessional education. Ben has explored practitioner and patient attitudes and beliefs related to low back pain and influences upon these. He is currently investigating ways to positively influence these beliefs to improve back pain outcomes.

Ben is part of the Department’s interprofessional teaching team and is currently examining the short term outcomes of a brief undergraduate teaching initiative. He is also leading the Longitudinal Interprofessional (LIP) Study which will investigate changes in interprofessional attitudes and skills over the final year of health professional training and the first three years of professional practice. It will also explore if undergraduate interprofessional education influences these skills and attitudes or the career pathway of these graduates. This study involves participants from the disciplines of dentistry, dietetics, medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, oral health, pharmacy, and physiotherapy.

Ben is also involved in research exploring primary care prevalence and utilisation for childhood illness and patient beliefs about osteoarthritis. He is a member of the University of Otago’s Pain and Arthritis research themes.

Publications

Briggs, A. M., Houlding, E., Hinman, R. S., Desmond, L. A., Bennell, K. L., Darlow, B., … Slater, H. (2019). Health professionals and students encounter multi-level barriers to implementing high-value osteoarthritis care: A multi-national study. Osteoarthritis & Cartilage. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.12.024

McKinlay, E., McDonald, J., Darlow, B., & Perry, M. (2018). The social networks of New Zealand patients with multimorbidity and the work of those nominated as their 'significant supporters': An exploratory study. Health & Social Care in the Community. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12657

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Thompson, B., Hudson, B., Grainger, R., McKinlay, E., & Abbott, J. H. (2018). Living with osteoarthritis is a balancing act: An exploration of patients' beliefs about. BMC Rheumatology, 2, 15. doi: 10.1186/s41927-018-0023-x

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Gallagher, P., Gray, L., McKinlay, E., Purdie, G., Wilson, C., & Pullon, S. (2018). Longitudinal impact of interprofessional education on attitudes, skills and career trajectories: a protocol for a quasi-experimental study in New Zealand. BMJ Open, 8, e018510. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018510

O'Sullivan, K., Darlow, B., O'Sullivan, P., Forster, B. B., Reiman, M. P., & Weir, A. (2018). Imaging for hip-related groin pain: Don't be hip-notised by the findings. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(9), 2-3. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097889

Authored Book - Research

Darlow, B., Perry, M., & Chapple, C. (2013). Water based exercise for arthritis: A manual for class co-ordinators. Dunedin and Wellington, New Zealand: University of Otago and Arthritis New Zealand, 30p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Pullon, S., Darlow, B., & McKinlay, E. (2016). Building evaluation into the development of interprofessional education initiatives. In D. Forman, J. Thistlethwaite & M. Jones (Eds.), Leading research and evaluation in interprofessional education and collaborative practice. (pp. 145-166). Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/978-1-137-53744-7_8

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Chapter in Book - Other

McKinlay, E., Bycroft, J., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Morris, C., & Pullon, S. (2017). Interdisciplinary collaboration: Working in teams for patient care. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (13th ed.) (pp. 81-99). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

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Journal - Research Article

Briggs, A. M., Houlding, E., Hinman, R. S., Desmond, L. A., Bennell, K. L., Darlow, B., … Slater, H. (2019). Health professionals and students encounter multi-level barriers to implementing high-value osteoarthritis care: A multi-national study. Osteoarthritis & Cartilage. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.12.024

McKinlay, E., McDonald, J., Darlow, B., & Perry, M. (2018). The social networks of New Zealand patients with multimorbidity and the work of those nominated as their 'significant supporters': An exploratory study. Health & Social Care in the Community. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12657

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Thompson, B., Hudson, B., Grainger, R., McKinlay, E., & Abbott, J. H. (2018). Living with osteoarthritis is a balancing act: An exploration of patients' beliefs about. BMC Rheumatology, 2, 15. doi: 10.1186/s41927-018-0023-x

Dowell, A., Darlow, B., Macrae, J., Stubbe, M., Turner, N., & McBain, L. (2017). Childhood respiratory illness presentation and service utilisation in primary care: A six-year cohort study in Wellington, New Zealand, using natural language processing (NLP) software. BMJ Open, 7(7), e017146. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017146

McKinlay, E., McDonald, J., Darlow, B., & Perry, M. (2017). Social networks of patients with multimorbidity: A qualitative study of patients' and supporters' views. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(2), 153-161. doi: 10.1071/HC16062

Darlow, B., McKinlay, E., Gallagher, P., Beckingsale, L., Coleman, K., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2017). Building and expanding interprofessional teaching teams. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(1), 29-33. doi: 10.1071/HC16053

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Dean, S., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2016). Putting physical activity while experiencing low back pain in context: Balancing the risks and benefits. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 97(2), 245-251. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.09.020

Darlow, B., Donovan, S., Coleman, K., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2016). What makes an interprofessional education programme meaningful to students? Findings from focus group interviews with students based in New Zealand. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 30(3), 355-361. doi: 10.3109/13561820.2016.1141189

Darlow, B. (2016). Beliefs about back pain: the confluence of client, clinician and community. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 20, 53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2016.01.005

MacRae, J., Darlow, B., McBain, L., Jones, O., Stubbe, M., Turner, N., & Dowell, A. (2015). Accessing primary care Big Data: The development of a software algorithm to explore the rich content of consultation records. BMJ Open, 5(8), e008160. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008160

Darlow, B., Dean, S., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2015). Easy to harm, hard to heal: Patient views about the back. Spine, 40(11), 842-850. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000000901

Darlow, B., Coleman, K., McKinlay, E., Donovan, S., Beckingsale, L., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. (2015). The positive impact of interprofessional education: A controlled trial to evaluate a programme for health professional students. BMC Medical Education, 15, 98. doi: 10.1186/s12909-015-0385-3

Darlow, B., Dean, S., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). Acute low back pain management in general practice: Uncertainty and conflicting certainties. Family Practice, 31(6), 723-732. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmu051

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Stanley, J., Mathieson, F., Melloh, M., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). Cross-sectional survey of attitudes and beliefs about back pain in New Zealand. BMJ Open, 4(5), e004725. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004725

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Stanley, J., Melloh, M., Marsh, R., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). The development and exploratory analysis of the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ). BMJ Open, 4(5), e005251. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005251

Darlow, B., Dowell, A., Baxter, G. D., Mathieson, F., Perry, M., & Dean, S. (2013). The enduring impact of what clinicians say to people with low back pain. Annals of Family Medicine, 11(6), 527-534. doi: 10.1370/afm.1518

Pullon, S., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Perry, M., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Gallagher, P., Hoare, K., & Morgan, S. (2013). Interprofessional education for physiotherapy, medical and dietetics students: A pilot programme. Journal of Primary Health Care, 5(1), 52-58.

Darlow, B., Fullen, B. M., Dean, S., Hurley, D. A., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2012). The association between health care professional attitudes and beliefs and the attitudes and beliefs, clinical management, and outcomes of patients with low back pain: A systematic review. European Journal of Pain, 16(1), 3-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2011.06.006

Melloh, M., Elfering, A., Egli Presland, C., Röder, C., Hendrick, P., Darlow, B., & Theis, J.-C. (2011). Predicting the transition from acute to persistent low back pain. Occupational Medicine, 61(2), 127-131. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqq194

Darlow, B. (2006). Neuromuscular retraining for multidirectional instability of the shoulder: A case study. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 34(2), 60-65.

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Journal - Research Other

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Gallagher, P., Gray, L., McKinlay, E., Purdie, G., Wilson, C., & Pullon, S. (2018). Longitudinal impact of interprofessional education on attitudes, skills and career trajectories: a protocol for a quasi-experimental study in New Zealand. BMJ Open, 8, e018510. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018510

O'Sullivan, K., Darlow, B., O'Sullivan, P., Forster, B. B., Reiman, M. P., & Weir, A. (2018). Imaging for hip-related groin pain: Don't be hip-notised by the findings. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(9), 2-3. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097889

Grunau, G. L., Darlow, B., Flynn, T., O'Sullivan, K., O'Sullivan, P. B., & Forster, B. B. (2018). Red flags or red herrings? Redefining the role of red flags in low back pain to reduce overimaging. British Journal of Sports Medicine. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097725

Swain, N., Parr-Brownlie, L. C., Lennox Thompson, B., Darlow, B., Mani, R., & Baxter, D. (2018). Six things you need to know about pain. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1486), 5-8. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Darlow, B., Forster, B. B., O'Sullivan, K., & O'Sullivan, P. (2017). It is time to stop causing harm with inappropriate imaging for low back pain. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51(5), 414-415. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096741

Darlow, B., Stanley, J., Dean, S., Abbott, J. H., Garrett, S., Mathieson, F., & Dowell, A. (2017). The Fear Reduction Exercised Early (FREE) approach to low back pain: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 18, 484. doi: 10.1186/s13063-017-2225-8

Darlow, B., & O'Sullivan, P. (2017). Managing non-traumatic back pain in sport [Infographic]. British Journal of Sports Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098758

O'Sullivan, K., Grunau, G. L., Forster, B. B., O'Sullivan, P. P., Flynn, T., & Darlow, B. (2017). I know what the imaging guidelines say, but.... British Journal of Sports Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098194

Darlow, B., & O'Sullivan, B. (2016). Why are back pain guidelines left on the sidelines? Three myths appear to be guiding management of back pain in sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(21), 1294-1295. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096312

Coleman, K., Darlow, B., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Donovan, S., Stanley, J., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2014). Does interprofessional education make a difference to students' attitudes to practice? [Brief communication]. Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences, 45(4), 344-345. doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2014.10.004

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