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Otago Medical School staff profiles

Dr Claire Smith

PositionResearch Fellow
DepartmentDepartment of Women's and Children's Health (Dunedin)
QualificationsBSc (Human Nutrition) BA (History) MSc (Human Nutrition) PhD (Human Nutrition)
Research summaryNutrition, sleep, food insecurity, and dietary assessment
TeachingGuest lecturer for the Department of Human Nutrition

Research

I have a background in Human Nutrition and my research has focused on issues relating to food insecurity and food poverty in New Zealand. I have also worked on National Nutrition Surveys and have been interested in trends relating to food intake and nutritional status for many years.

I work within the Kidzz Sleep Health research group and am particularly interested in the link between diet and sleep.

I am leading a large study of pre-bedtime behaviours in adolescents. While my research interests started in the nutrition field, I have developed an interest and expertise in the rapidly expanding field of sleep and how it relates to diet and lifestyle. Automated wearable cameras have potential to enhance traditional dietary assessment techniques but also measure screen use. The SNAP IT project (Measurement of Sleep, Screen use, Nutrition, and Activity using Photo Image in Teens) aims to use novel technologies to better capture diet and screen use in NZ adolescents, with the aim of increasing our understanding of how recreational screen time, physical activity, and diet impact on sleep in adolescents.

One further focus of my current research is to develop new methods of measuring diet and behaviour to improve on traditional techniques in respect to both respondent burden and increased accuracy.

Additional details

My role is funded through a Lotteries Health Grant and University of Otago Research Grant.

Publications

Smith, C., Galland, B. C., de Bruin, W. E., & Taylor, R. W. (2019). Feasibility of automated cameras to measure screen use in adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.04.012

Smith, C., Gray, A. R., Mainvil, L. A., Fleming, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2015). Secular changes in intakes of foods among New Zealand adults from 1997 to 2008/09. Public Health Nutrition, 18(18), 3249-3259. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015000890

Smith, C., Gray, A. R., Fleming, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2014). Characteristics of fast-food/takeaway-food and restaurant/café-food consumers among New Zealand adults. Public Health Nutrition, 17(10), 2368-2377. doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002681

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., Brown, R. C., & Gray, A. R. (2013). Balancing the diet and the budget: Food purchasing practices of food-insecure families in New Zealand. Nutrition & Dietetics, 70(4), 278-285. doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12043

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., Brown, R. C., & Gray, A. R. (2013). Providing additional money to food-insecure households and its effect on food expenditure: A randomized controlled trial. Public Health Nutrition, 16(8), 1507-1515. doi: 10.1017/s1368980012003680

Journal - Research Article

Smith, C., Galland, B. C., de Bruin, W. E., & Taylor, R. W. (2019). Feasibility of automated cameras to measure screen use in adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.04.012

Galland, B. C., Gray, A. R., Penno, J., Smith, C., Lobb, C., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Gender differences in sleep hygiene practices and sleep quality in New Zealand adolescents aged 15 to 17 years. Sleep Health, 3(2), 77-83. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2017.02.001

Smith, C., Gray, A. R., Mainvil, L. A., Fleming, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2015). Secular changes in intakes of foods among New Zealand adults from 1997 to 2008/09. Public Health Nutrition, 18(18), 3249-3259. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015000890

Parackal, S. M., Smith, C., & Parnell, W. R. (2015). A profile of New Zealand 'Asian' participants of the 2008/09 Adult National Nutrition Survey: Focus on dietary habits, nutrient intakes and health outcomes. Public Health Nutrition, 18(5), 893-904. doi: 10.1017/S1368980014001049

Smith, C., Gray, A. R., Fleming, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2014). Characteristics of fast-food/takeaway-food and restaurant/café-food consumers among New Zealand adults. Public Health Nutrition, 17(10), 2368-2377. doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002681

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., Brown, R. C., & Gray, A. R. (2013). Providing additional money to food-insecure households and its effect on food expenditure: A randomized controlled trial. Public Health Nutrition, 16(8), 1507-1515. doi: 10.1017/s1368980012003680

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., Brown, R. C., & Gray, A. R. (2013). Balancing the diet and the budget: Food purchasing practices of food-insecure families in New Zealand. Nutrition & Dietetics, 70(4), 278-285. doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12043

Parnell, W. R., Wilson, N. C., & Smith, C. (2006). Dietary supplements: Prevalence of use in the New Zealand population. Nutrition & Dietetics, 63, 199-205.

Smith, C., Wilson, N. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2005). Dietary supplements: Characteristics of supplement users in New Zealand. Nutrition & Dietetics, 62(4), 123-129. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2005.00020.x

More publications...