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Otago Medical School staff profiles

Dr Gina Forster

PositionLecturer
DepartmentDepartment of Anatomy
QualificationsPhD
Research summaryUnderstanding the anxious brain

Research

Research in the Forster Group is focused on elucidating neurobiological mechanisms that underlie anxiety states in the context of brain trauma, stress and substance use. We use rodent models of these phenomena, utilising a variety of in vivo neurochemical recording techniques in conjunction with immunohistochemistry, hormone assays and behavioural methods.

We also apply this basic research to studies of at-risk human populations, utilising neuroimaging methods along with neuropsychological assessment and hormone and cytokine assays. By doing so, we hope to ultimately improve the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders and brain injury.

Publications

Scholl, J. L., Afzal, A., Fox, L. C., Watt, M. J., & Forster, G. L. (2019). Sex differences in anxiety-like behaviors in rats. Physiology & Behavior, 211, 112670. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112670

Barr, J. L., Bray, B., & Forster, G. L. (2018). The hippocampus as a neural link between negative affect and vulnerability for psychostimulant relapse. In A. Stuchlik (Ed.), The hippocampus: Plasticity and functions. (pp. 127-167). London, UK: IntechOpen. doi: 10.5772/intechopen.70854

Forster, G. L., Anderson, E. M., Scholl, J. L., Lukkes, J. L., & Watt, M. J. (2018). Negative consequences of early-life adversity on substance use as mediated by corticotropin-releasing factor modulation of serotonin activity. Neurobiology of Stress, 9, 29-39. doi: 10.1016/j.ynstr.2018.08.001

Weber, M. A., Graack, E. T., Scholl, J. L., Renner, K. J., Forster, G. L., & Watt, M. J. (2018). Enhanced dopamine D2 autoreceptor function in the adult prefrontal cortex contributes to dopamine hypoactivity following adolescent social stress. European Journal of Neuroscience, 48(2), 1833-1850. doi: 10.1111/ejn.14019

Brown-Rice, K. A., Scholl, J. L., Fercho, K. A., Pearson, K., Kallsen, N. A., Davies, G. E., … Forster, G. L. (2018). Neural and psychological characteristics of college students with alcoholic parents differ depending on current alcohol use. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 81, 284-296. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.09.010

Chapter in Book - Research

Barr, J. L., Bray, B., & Forster, G. L. (2018). The hippocampus as a neural link between negative affect and vulnerability for psychostimulant relapse. In A. Stuchlik (Ed.), The hippocampus: Plasticity and functions. (pp. 127-167). London, UK: IntechOpen. doi: 10.5772/intechopen.70854

Forster, G. L., Simons, R. M., & Baugh, L. A. (2017). Revisiting the role of the amygdala in posttraumatic stress disorder. In B. Ferry (Ed.), The amygdala: Where emotions shape perception, learning and memories. (pp. 113-135). London, UK: IntechOpen. doi: 10.5772/67585

Forster, G. L., Novick, A. M., Scholl, J. L., & Watt, M. J. (2012). The role of the amygdala in anxiety disorders. In B. Ferry (Ed.), The amygdala: A discrete multitasking manager. (pp. 61-102). London, UK: IntechOpen. doi: 10.5772/50323

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Journal - Research Article

Scholl, J. L., Afzal, A., Fox, L. C., Watt, M. J., & Forster, G. L. (2019). Sex differences in anxiety-like behaviors in rats. Physiology & Behavior, 211, 112670. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112670

Forster, G. L., Anderson, E. M., Scholl, J. L., Lukkes, J. L., & Watt, M. J. (2018). Negative consequences of early-life adversity on substance use as mediated by corticotropin-releasing factor modulation of serotonin activity. Neurobiology of Stress, 9, 29-39. doi: 10.1016/j.ynstr.2018.08.001

Brown-Rice, K. A., Scholl, J. L., Fercho, K. A., Pearson, K., Kallsen, N. A., Davies, G. E., … Forster, G. L. (2018). Neural and psychological characteristics of college students with alcoholic parents differ depending on current alcohol use. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 81, 284-296. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.09.010

Weber, M. A., Graack, E. T., Scholl, J. L., Renner, K. J., Forster, G. L., & Watt, M. J. (2018). Enhanced dopamine D2 autoreceptor function in the adult prefrontal cortex contributes to dopamine hypoactivity following adolescent social stress. European Journal of Neuroscience, 48(2), 1833-1850. doi: 10.1111/ejn.14019

Vinzant, N., Scholl, J. L., Wu, C.-M., Kindle, T., Koodali, R., & Forster, G. L. (2017). Iron oxide nanoparticle delivery of peptides to the brain: Reversal of anxiety during drug withdrawal. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11, 608. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2017.00608

Watt, M. J., Weber, M. A., Davies, S. R., & Forster, G. L. (2017). Impact of juvenile chronic stress on adult cortico-accumbal function: Implications for cognition and addiction. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry, 79, 136-154. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2017.06.015

Bray, B., Scholl, J. L., Tu, W., Watt, M. J., Renner, K. J., & Forster, G. L. (2016). Amphetamine withdrawal differentially affects hippocampal and peripheral corticosterone levels in response to stress. Brain Research, 1644, 278-287. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2016.05.030

Simons, R. M., Simons, J. S., Olson, D., Baugh, L., Magnotta, V., & Forster, G. (2016). Posttraumatic stress and alcohol use among veterans: Amygdala and anterior cingulate activation to emotional cues. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 30(7), 720-732. doi: 10.1037/adb0000200

Novick, A. M., Mears, M., Forster, G. L., Lei, Y., Tejani-Butt, S. M., & Watt, M. J. (2016). Adolescent social defeat alters N-methyl-d-aspartic acid receptor expression and impairs fear learning in adulthood. Behavioural Brain Research, 304, 51-59. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2016.02.013

Davies, D. R., Olson, D., Meyer, D. L., Scholl, J. L., Watt, M. J., Manzerra, P., … Forster, G. L. (2016). Mild traumatic brain injury with social defeat stress alters anxiety, contextual fear extinction, and limbic monoamines in adult rats. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 71. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00071

Solanki, R. R., Scholl, J. L., Watt, M. J., Renner, K. J., & Forster, G. L. (2016). Amphetamine withdrawal differentially increases the expression of organic cation transporter 3 and serotonin transporter in limbic brain regions. Journal of Experimental Neuroscience, 10, 93-100. doi: 10.4137/JEn.s40231

Barr, J. L., Rasmussen, B. A., Tallarida, C. S., Scholl, J. L., Forster, G. L., Unterwald, E. M., & Rawls, S. M. (2015). Ceftriaxone attenuates acute cocaine-evoked dopaminergic neurotransmission in the nucleus accumbens of the rat. British Journal of Pharmacology, 172(22), 5414-5424. doi: 10.1111/bph.13330

Novick, A. M., Forster, G. L., Hassell, J. E., Davies, D. R., Scholl, J. L., Renner, K. J., & Watt, M. J. (2015). Increased dopamine transporter function as a mechanism for dopamine hypoactivity in the adult infralimbic medial prefrontal cortex following adolescent social stress. Neuropharmacology, 97, 194-200. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2015.05.032

Tu, W., Cook, A., Scholl, J. L., Mears, M., Watt, M. J., Renner, K. J., & Forster, G. L. (2014). Serotonin in the ventral hippocampus modulates anxiety-like behavior during amphetamine withdrawal. Neuroscience, 281, 35-43. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2014.09.019

Barr, J. L., Forster, G. L., & Unterwald, E. M. (2014). Repeated cocaine enhances ventral hippocampal-stimulated dopamine efflux in the nucleus accumbens and alters ventral hippocampal NMDA receptor subunit expression. Journal of Neurochemistry, 130(4), 583-590. doi: 10.1111/jnc.12764

Reinbold, E. D., Scholl, J. L., Oliver, K. M., Watt, M. J., & Forster, G. L. (2014). Central CRF2 receptor antagonism reduces anxiety states during amphetamine withdrawal. Neuroscience Research, 89, 37-43. doi: 10.1016/j.neures.2014.08.010

Li, H., Scholl, J. L., Tu, W., Hassell, J. E., Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., & Renner, K. J. (2014). Serotonergic responses to stress are enhanced in the central amygdala and inhibited in the ventral hippocampus during amphetamine withdrawal. European Journal of Neuroscience, 40(11), 3684-3692. doi: 10.1111/ejn.12735

Watt, M. J., Roberts, C. L., Scholl, J. L., Meyer, D. L., Miiller, L. C., Barr, J. L., … Forster, G. L. (2014). Decreased prefrontal cortex dopamine activity following adolescent social defeat in male rats: Role of dopamine D2 receptors. Psychopharmacology, 231(8), 1627-1636. doi: 10.1007/s00213-013-3353-9

Burke, A. R., Forster, G. L., Novick, A. M., Roberts, C. L., & Watt, M. J. (2013). Effects of adolescent social defeat on adult amphetamine-induced locomotion and corticoaccumbal dopamine release in male rats. Neuropharmacology, 67, 359-369. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2012.11.013

Novick, A. M., Miiller, L. C., Forster, G. L., & Watt, M. J. (2013). Adolescent social defeat decreases spatial working memory performance in adulthood. Behavioral & Brain Functions, 9, 39. doi: 10.1186/1744-9081-9-39

Barr, J. L., Scholl, J. L., Solanki, R. R., Watt, M. J., Lowry, C. A., Renner, K. J., & Forster, G. L. (2013). Influence of chronic amphetamine treatment and acute withdrawal on serotonin synthesis and clearance mechanisms in the rat ventral hippocampus. European Journal of Neuroscience, 37(3), 479-490. doi: 10.1111/ejn.12050

Parrish Waters, R., Pringle, R. B., Forster, G. L., Renner, K. J., Malisch, J. L., Garland, Jr, T., & Swallow, J. G. (2013). Selection for increased voluntary wheel-running affects behavior and brain monoamines in mice. Brain Research, 1508, 9-22. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2013.01.033

Meyer, D. L., Davies, D. R., Barr, J. L., Manzerra, P., & Forster, G. L. (2012). Mild traumatic brain injury in the rat alters neuronal number in the limbic system and increases conditioned fear and anxiety-like behaviors. Experimental Neurology, 235(2), 574-587. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2012.03.012

Novick, A. M., Forster, G. L., Tejani-Butt, S. M., & Watt, M. J. (2011). Adolescent social defeat alters markers of adult dopaminergic function. Brain Research Bulletin, 86, 123-128. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2011.06.009

Bledsoe, A. C., Oliver, K. M., Scholl, J. L., & Forster, G. L. (2011). Anxiety states induced by post-weaning social isolation are mediated by CRF receptors in the dorsal raphe nucleus. Brain Research Bulletin, 85(3-4), 117-122. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2011.03.003

Barr, J. L., & Forster, G. L. (2011). Serotonergic neurotransmission in the ventral hippocampus is enhanced by corticosterone and altered by chronic amphetamine treatment. Neuroscience, 182, 105-114. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2011.03.020

Burke, A. R., Watt, M. J., & Forster, G. L. (2011). Adolescent social defeat increases adult amphetamine conditioned place preference and alters D2 dopamine receptor expression. Neuroscience, 197, 269-279. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2011.09.008

Barr, J. L., Renner, K. J., & Forster, G. L. (2010). Withdrawal from chronic amphetamine produces persistent anxiety-like behavior but temporally-limited reductions in monoamines and neurogenesis in the adult rat dentate gyrus. Neuropharmacology, 59, 395-405. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2010.05.011

Scholl, J. L., Renner, K. J., Forster, G. L., & Tejani-Butt, S. (2010). Central monoamine levels differ between rat strains used in studies of depressive behavior. Brain Research, 1355, 41-51. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.08.003

Parrish Waters, R., Renner, K. J., Summers, C. H., Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., Koch, L. G., … Swallow, J. G. (2010). Selection for intrinsic endurance modifies endocrine stress responsiveness. Brain Research, 1357, 53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.07.078

Feng, N., Lowry, C. A., Lukkes, J. L., Orchinik, M., Forster, G. L., & Renner, K. J. (2010). Organic cation transporter inhibition increases medial hypothalamic serotonin under basal conditions and during mild restraint. Brain Research, 1326, 105-113. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.02.044

Burke, A. R., Renner, K. J., Forster, G. L., & Watt, M. J. (2010). Adolescent social defeat alters neural, endocrine and behavioral responses to amphetamine in adult male rats. Brain Research, 1352, 147-156. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.06.062

Scholl, J. L., Vuong, S. M., & Forster, G. L. (2010). Chronic amphetamine treatment enhances corticotropin-releasing factor-induced serotonin release in the amygdala. European Journal of Pharmacology, 644, 80-87. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2010.07.008

Carpenter, R. E., Korzan, W. J., Bockholt, C., Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., Renner, K. J., & Summers, C. H. (2009). Corticotropin releasing factor influences aggression and monoamines: Modulation of attacks and retreats. Neuroscience, 158, 412-425. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.10.014

Scholl, J. L., Feng, N., Watt, M. J., Renner, K. J., & Forster, G. L. (2009). Individual differences in amphetamine sensitization, behavior and central monoamines. Physiology & Behavior, 96, 493-504. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2008.12.001

Lukkes, J., Vuong, S., Scholl, J., Oliver, H., & Forster, G. (2009). Corticotropin-releasing factor receptor antagonism within the dorsal raphe nucleus reduces social anxiety-like behavior after early-life social isolation. Journal of Neuroscience, 29(32), 9955-9960. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0854-09.2009

Feng, N., Telefont, M., Kelly, K. J., Orchinik, M., Forster, G. L., Renner, K. J., & Lowry, C. A. (2009). Local perfusion of corticosterone in the rat medial hypothalamus potentiates D-fenfluramine-induced elevations of extracellular 5-HT concentrations. Hormones & Behavior, 56, 149-157. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2009.03.023

Ling, T. J., Forster, G. L., Watt, M. J., Korzan, W. J., Renner, K. J., & Summers, C. H. (2009). Social status differentiates rapid neuroendocrine responses to restraint stress. Physiology & Behavior, 96(2), 218-232. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2008.10.004

Lukkes, J. L., Summers, C. H., Scholl, J. L., Renner, K. J., & Forster, G. L. (2009). Early life social isolation alters corticotropin-releasing factor responses in adult rats. Neuroscience, 158, 845-855. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2008.10.036

Watt, M. J., Burke, A. R., Renner, K. J., & Forster, G. L. (2009). Adolescent male rats exposed to social defeat exhibit altered anxiety behavior and limbic monoamines as adults. Behavioral Neuroscience, 123(3), 564-576. doi: 10.1037/a0015752

Lukkes, J. L., Mokin, M. V., Scholl, J. L., & Forster, G. L. (2009). Adult rats exposed to early-life social isolation exhibit increased anxiety and conditioned fear behavior, and altered hormonal stress responses. Hormones & Behavior, 55, 248-256. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2008.10.014

Mo, B., Feng, N., Renner, K., & Forster, G. (2008). Restraint stress increases serotonin release in the central nucleus of the amygdala via activation of corticotropin-releasing factor receptors. Brain Research Bulletin, 76, 493-498. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2008.02.011

Lukkes, J. L., Forster, G. L., Renner, K. J., & Summers, C. H. (2008). Corticotropin-releasing factor 1 and 2 receptors in the dorsal raphé differentially affect serotonin release in the nucleus accumbens. European Journal of Pharmacology, 578, 185-193. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.09.024

Forster, G. L., Pringle, R. B., Mouw, N. J., Vuong, S. M., Watt, M. J., Burke, A. R., … Renner, K. J. (2008). Corticotropin-releasing factor in the dorsal raphe nucleus increases medial prefrontal cortical serotonin via type 2 receptors and median raphe nucleus activity. European Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 299-310. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2008.06333.x

Carpenter, R. E., Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., Øverli, Ø., Bockholt, C., Renner, K. J., & Summers, C. H. (2007). Corticotropin releasing factor induces anxiogenic locomotion in trout and alters serotonergic and dopaminergic activity. Hormones & Behavior, 52, 600-611. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2007.07.012

Korzan, W. J., Höglund, E., Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., Øverli, Ø., Lukkes, J. L., & Summers, C. H. (2007). Memory of opponents is more potent than visual sign stimuli after social hierarchy has been established. Behavioural Brain Research, 183, 31-42. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2007.05.021

Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., Korzan, W. J., Renner, K. J., & Summers, C. H. (2007). Rapid neuroendocrine responses evoked at the onset of social challenge. Physiology & Behavior, 90, 567-575. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2006.11.006

Leck, K. J., Blaha, C. D., Matthaei, K. I., Forster, G. L., Holgate, J., & Hendry, I. A. (2006). Gzproteins are functionally coupled to dopamine D2-like receptors in vivo. Neuropharmacology, 51, 597-605. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2006.05.002

Korzan, W. J., Forster, G. L., Watt, M. J., & Summers, C. H. (2006). Dopaminergic activity modulation via aggression, status, and a visual social signal. Behavioral Neuroscience, 120(1), 93-102. doi: 10.1037/0735-7044.120.1.93

Forster, G. L., Feng, N., Watt, M. J., Korzan, W. J., Mouw, N. J., Summers, C. H., & Renner, K. J. (2006). Corticotropin-releasing factor in the dorsal raphe elicits temporally distinct serotonergic responses in the limbic system in relation to fear behavior. Neuroscience, 141, 1047-1055. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2006.04.006

Forster, G. L., Watt, M. J., Korzan, W. J., Renner, K. J., & Summers, C. H. (2005). Opponent recognition in male green anoles, Anolis carolinensis. Animal Behaviour, 69, 733-740. doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2004.06.026

Summers, C. H., Forster, G. L., Korzan, W. J., Watt, M. J., Larsen, E. T., Øverli, Ø., … Greenberg, N. (2005). Dynamics and mechanics of social rank reversal. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 191(3), 241-252. doi: 10.1007/s00359-004-0554-z

Höglund, E., Korzan, W. J., Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., Summers, T. R., Johannessen, H. F., … Summers, C. H. (2005). Effects of L-DOPA on aggressive behavior and central monoaminergic activity in the lizard Anolis carolinensis, using a new method for drug delivery. Behavioural Brain Research, 156, 53-64. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2004.05.009

Summers, C. H., Korzan, W. J., Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., Øverli, Ø., Höglund, E., … Greenberg, N. (2005). Does serotonin influence aggression? Comparing regional activity before and during social interaction. Physiological & Biochemical Zoology, 78(5), 679-694. doi: 10.1086/432139

Parrish Waters, R., Emerson, A. J., Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., Swallow, J. G., & Summers, C. H. (2005). Stress induces rapid changes in central catecholaminergic activity in Anolis carolinensis: Restraint and forced physical activity. Brain Research Bulletin, 67(3), 210-218. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2005.06.029

Miller, A. D., Forster, G. L., Yeomans, J. S., & Blaha, C. D. (2005). Midbrain muscarinic receptors modulate morphine-induced accumbal and striatal dopamine efflux in the rat. Neuroscience, 136, 531-538. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.08.035

Øverli, Ø., Korzan, W. J., Höglund, E., Winberg, S., Bollig, H., Watt, M., Forster, G. L., … Summers, C. H. (2004). Stress coping style predicts aggression and social dominance in rainbow trout. Hormones & Behavior, 45, 235-241. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2003.12.002

Wang, H., Ng, K., Hayes, D., Gao, X., Forster, G., Blaha, C., & Yeomans, J. (2004). Decreased amphetamine-induced locomotion and improved latent inhibition in mice mutant for the M5 muscarinic receptor gene found in the human 15q schizophrenia region. Neuropsychopharmacology, 29, 2126-2139. doi: 10.1038/sj.npp.1300502

Watt, M. J., Forster, G. L., & Joss, J. M. P. (2003). Steroid correlates of territorial behavior in male jacky dragons, Amphibolurus muricatus. Brain, Behavior & Evolution, 61(4), 184-194. doi: 10.1159/000070702

Forster, G. L., & Blaha, C. D. (2003). Pedunculopontine tegmental stimulation evokes striatal dopamine efflux by activation of acetylcholine and glutamate receptors in the midbrain and pons of the rat. European Journal of Neuroscience, 17, 751-762. doi: 10.1046/j.1460-9568.2003.02511.x

Miller, A. D., Forster, G. L., Metcalf, K. M., & Blaha, C. D. (2002). Excitotoxic lesions of the pedunculopontine differentially mediate morphine- and d-amphetamine-evoked striatal dopamine efflux and behaviors. Neuroscience, 111(2), 351-362. doi: 10.1016/S0306-4522(01)00595-4

Yeomans, J., Forster, G., & Blaha, C. (2001). M5 muscarinic receptors are needed for slow activation of dopamine neurons and for rewarding brain stimulation. Life Sciences, 68, 2449-2456. doi: 10.1016/S0024-3205(01)01038-4

Forster, G. L., & Blaha, C. D. (2000). Laterodorsal tegmental stimulation elicits dopamine efflux in the rat nucleus accumbens by activation of acetylcholine and glutamate receptors in the ventral tegmental area. European Journal of Neuroscience, 12, 3596-3604. doi: 10.1046/j.1460-9568.2000.00250.x

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Journal - Research Other

Fox, L. C., Davies, D. R., Scholl, J. L., Watt, M. J., & Forster, G. L. (2016). Differential effects of glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid antagonism on anxiety behavior in mild traumatic brain injury [Short communication]. Behavioural Brain Research, 312, 362-365. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2016.06.048

Vuong, S. M., Oliver, H. A., Scholl, J. L., Oliver, K. M., & Forster, G. L. (2010). Increased anxiety-like behavior of rats during amphetamine withdrawal is reversed by CRF2 receptor antagonism. Behavioural Brain Research, 208, 278-281. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2009.11.036

Lukkes, J. L., Watt, M. J., Lowry, C. A., & Forster, G. L. (2009). Consequences of post-weaning social isolation on anxiety behavior and related neural circuits in rodents. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 3, 18. doi: 10.3389/neuro.08.018.2009

Pringle, R. B., Mouw, N. J., Lukkes, J. L., & Forster, G. L. (2008). Amphetamine treatment increases corticotropin-releasing factor receptors in the dorsal raphe nucleus. Neuroscience Research, 62, 62-65. doi: 10.1016/j.neures.2008.05.009

Summers, C. H., Watt, M. J., Ling, T. L., Forster, G. L., Carpenter, R. E., Korzan, W. J., … Øverli, Ø. (2005). Glucocorticoid interaction with aggression in non-mammalian vertebrates: Reciprocal action. European Journal of Pharmacology, 526, 21-35. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2005.09.059

Forster, G. L., Falcon, A. J., Miller, A. D., Heruc, G. A., & Blaha, C. D. (2002). Effects of laterodorsal tegmentum excitotoxic lesions on behavioral and dopamine responses evoked by morphine and d-amphetamine. Neuroscience, 114(4), 817-823. doi: 10.1016/S0306-4522(02)00365-2

Forster, G. L., Yeomans, J. S., Takeuchi, J., & Blaha, C. D. (2002). M5 muscarinic receptors are required for prolonged accumbal dopamine release after electrical stimulation of the pons in mice. Journal of Neuroscience, 22(1), RC190. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.22-01-j0001.2002

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