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Otago Medical School staff profiles

Dr Caroline Shaw

PositionSenior Lecturer
DepartmentDepartment of Public Health (Wellington)
QualificationsMB ChB DPH
Research summaryCancer epidemiology and Social epidemiology

Research

Caroline is a Public Health Medicine Specialist and is currently researching the health co-benefits of policies to mitigate climate change in the transport sector. She is interested in the interface between policy and epidemiology and has undertaken research in the ethnic and socio-economic determinants of health, cancer control, population screening and obesity prevention

Publications

Huang, S., Signal, V., Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., & Gurney, J. (2018). Physical activity and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review. BMC Cancer, 18, 189. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4093-3

Keall, M. D., Shaw, C., Chapman, R., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2018). Reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from an intervention to promote cycling and walking: A case study from New Zealand. Transportation Research Part D, 65, 687-696. doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.10.004

Keall, M., Chapman, R., Shaw, C., Abrahamse, W., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2018). Are people who already cycle and walk more responsive to an active travel intervention? Journal of Transport & Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2018.08.006

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Edwards, R., Howden-Chapman, P., & Stanley, J. (2018). What can fuel price increases tell us about the air pollution health co-benefits of a carbon price? Journal of Transport & Health, 8, 81-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.11.002

Shaw, C., Randal, E., Keall, M., & Woodward, A. (2018). Health consequences of transport patterns in New Zealand’s largest cities. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1472), 64-72. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Chapter in Book - Research

Randal, E., Keall, M., Shaw, C., Russell, M., Woodward, A., Chapman, R., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2017). Why New Zealand transport policy needs to encourage walking and cycling. In P. Howden-Chapman, L. Early & J. Ombler (Eds.), Cities in New Zealand: Preferences, patterns and possibilities. (pp. 107-114). Wellington, New Zealand: Steele Roberts Aotearoa.

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Journal - Research Article

Huang, S., Signal, V., Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., & Gurney, J. (2018). Physical activity and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review. BMC Cancer, 18, 189. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4093-3

Shaw, C., Randal, E., Keall, M., & Woodward, A. (2018). Health consequences of transport patterns in New Zealand’s largest cities. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1472), 64-72. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Edwards, R., Howden-Chapman, P., & Stanley, J. (2018). What can fuel price increases tell us about the air pollution health co-benefits of a carbon price? Journal of Transport & Health, 8, 81-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.11.002

Keall, M., Chapman, R., Shaw, C., Abrahamse, W., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2018). Are people who already cycle and walk more responsive to an active travel intervention? Journal of Transport & Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2018.08.006

Keall, M. D., Shaw, C., Chapman, R., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2018). Reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from an intervention to promote cycling and walking: A case study from New Zealand. Transportation Research Part D, 65, 687-696. doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.10.004

Shaw, C., Keall, M., & Guiney, H. (2017). What modes of transport are associated with higher levels of physical activity? Cross-sectional study of New Zealand adults. Journal of Transport & Health, 7(Part B), 125-133. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.09.010

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., Shaw, C., & Sarfati, D. (2016). Ethnic patterns of hypospadias in New Zealand do not resemble those observed for cryptorchidism and testicular cancer: Evidence of differential aetiology? Andrology, 4(1), 82-86. doi: 10.1111/andr.12121

Pega, F., Shaw, C., Rasanathan, K., Yablonski, J., Kawachi, I., & Hales, S. (2015). Climate change, cash transfers and health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93(8), 559-565. doi: 10.2471/BLT.14.150037

Gurney, J., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., Signal, V., & Sarfati, D. (2015). Cannabis exposure and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Cancer, 15, 897. doi: 10.1186/s12885-015-1905-6

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Howden-Chapman, P., & Edwards, R. (2014). Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation policies in the transport sector. Nature Climate Change, 4(6), 427-433. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2247

Nair, N., Shaw, C., Sarfati, D., & Stanley, J. (2012). Abdominal aortic aneurysm disease in New Zealand: Epidemiology and burden between 2002 and 2006. New Zealand Medical Journal, 125(1350). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Nair, N., Sarfati, D., & Shaw, C. (2012). Population screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm: Evaluating the evidence against screening criteria [Review article]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 125(1350). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Stanley, J. (2011). Ethnic and socioeconomic trends in testicular cancer incidence in New Zealand. International Journal of Cancer, 128(7), 1683-1691. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25486

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., & Tobias, M. (2011). Mortality among the working age population receiving incapacity benefits in New Zealand, 1981-2004. Social Science & Medicine, 73(4), 568-575. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.003

Blakely, T., Shaw, C., Atkinson, J., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2011). Social inequalities or inequities in cancer incidence? Repeated census-cancer cohort studies, New Zealand 1981-1986 to 2001-2004. Cancer Causes & Control, 22(9), 1307-1318. doi: 10.1007/s10552-011-9804-x

Carter, K. N., Shaw, C., Collings, S., Blakely, T., & Richardson, K. (2011). The SoFIE-Health study: Are the results comparable to the New Zealand population? Australasian Epidemiologist, 18(1), 26-32.

Carter, K., Shaw, C., Hayward, M., & Blakely, T. (2010). Understanding the determinants of consent for linkage of administrative health data with a longitudinal survey. Kōtuitui, 5(2), 53-60. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2010.516440

Carter, K., Barber, P. A., & Shaw, C. (2010). How does self-reported history of stroke compare to hospitalization data in a population-based survey in New Zealand? Stroke, 41, 2678-2680. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.598268

Cunningham, R., Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Sarfati, D. (2010). Ethnic and socioeconomic trends in breast cancer incidence in New Zealand. BMC Cancer, 10, 674. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-10-674

Cormack, D., Sarfati, D., Harris, R., Robson, B., Shaw, C., & Blakely, T. (2010). Re: 'An overview of cancer and beliefs about the disease in indigenous people of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the US' [Letter]. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34(1), 90-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00481.x

Shaw, C. (2009). (Non)regulation of marketing of unhealthy food to children in New Zealand [Viewpoint]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1288). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1288/3431/content.pdf

Carter, K. N., Hayward, M., Blakely, T., & Shaw, C. (2009). How much and for whom does self-identified ethnicity change over time in New Zealand? Results from a longitudinal study. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 36, 32-45.

Shaw, C., Atkinson, J., & Blakely, T. (2009). (Mis)classification of ethnicity on the New Zealand Cancer Registry: 1981-2004. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1294). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1294/3578/content.pdf

Cunningham, R., MacDonald, J., McLean, M., & Shaw, C. (2007). An outbreak of infectious syphilis in Wellington, New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 120(1260). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/120-1260/2680/content.pdf

Sarfati, D., Blakely, T., Shaw, C., Cormack, D., & Atkinson, J. (2006). Patterns of disparity: Ethnic and socio-economic trends in breast cancer mortality in New Zealand. Cancer Causes & Control, 17, 671-678.

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., Fawcett, J., & Peace, J. (2006). Trends in colorectal cancer mortality by ethnicity and socio-economic position in New Zealand, 1981-99: One country, many stories. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 30(1), 64-70.

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Crampton, P. (2005). Do social and economic reforms change socioeconomic inequalities in child mortality? A case study: New Zealand 1981-1999. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 59, 638-644. Retrieved from http://jech.bmjjournals.com/cgi/reprint/59/8/638

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Crampton, P., & Atkinson, J. (2005). The contribution of causes of death to socioeconomic inequalities in child mortality: New Zealand 1981-1999. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1227). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1227/1779/content.pdf

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., Fawcett, J., & Hill, S. (2005). Varying evolution of the New Zealand lung cancer epidemic by ethnicity and socioeconomic position (1981-1999). New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1213). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1213/1411/content.pdf

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Journal - Research Other

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., Richiardi, L., Shaw, C., Edwards, R., Merriman, T. R., Robson, B., … McLeod, M., Kennedy, M. A., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Testicular Cancer in New Zealand (TCNZ) study: Protocol for a national case-control study. BMJ Open, 8, e025212. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025212

Gurney, J. K., McGlynn, K. A., Stanley, J., Merriman, T., Signal, V., Shaw, C., Edwards, R., … Sarfati, D. (2017). Risk factors for cryptorchidism. Nature Reviews Urology, 14, 534-548. doi: 10.1038/nrurol.2017.90

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., McLeod, M., Blakely, T., & Bissett, I. (2016). Screening for colorectal cancer: Spoiled for choice? New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1440), 120-128. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., & Simmonds, S. (2010). Inequalities in cancer screening programmes [Commentary]. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39, 766-768. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyq039

Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., & Shaw, C. (2009). What proportion of cancer is due to obesity? [Editorial]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1290). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1290/3478/content.pdf

Shaw, C., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2008). From screening criteria to colorectal cancer screening: What can New Zealand learn from other countries? [Viewpoint]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1279). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1279/3186/content.pdf

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