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Otago Medical School staff profiles

Professor Martin Kennedy

PositionHead of Department and Research Professor
DepartmentDepartment of Pathology and Biomedical Science(UOC)
QualificationsBSc (Cant) PhD (Auck)
Research summaryGenetics of human disease

Research

Director of the Carney Centre for Pharmacogenomics and the Gene Structure and Function Lab, Martin's main research interests are psychiatric genetics, pharmacogenomics, and the genetics of complex disease.

His current research largely focuses on pharmacogenomics, which aims to understand how drugs and genes interact with the goal of improving drug treatments and reducing adverse drug reactions. For example, analysis of genetic variation in genes such as those that encode drug metabolising liver enzymes like CYP2D6 and CYP2C19, is helping to determine genetic factors that impact on response to treatments for various diseases.

For a more comprehensive analysis of genetic factors impacting drug response or risks of adverse drug reactions, they are also applying Next Generation DNA sequencing methods including exome sequencing and other genomic approaches to explore drug response phenotypes.

In order to understand severe adverse drug reactions, his lab has developed a biobank for collecting biological samples of people who have suffered such reactions, called UDRUGS. This biobank is growing, and will enhance efforts to understand genetic factors that contribute to severe adverse drug reactions.

Other research interests include work with the Christchurch Health and Development Study looking at genetic contributions to a range of complex human traits, and a study focusing on the genetics of anorexia nervosa. In addition, Martin's laboratory is examining the impact of G-quadruplex DNA structures and their relevance to genomic imprinting and other aspects of genome biology.

Publications

Gardner, R. J. M., Crozier, I. G., Binfield, A. L., Love, D. R., Lehnert, K., Gibson, K., … Jones, P. P., … Kennedy, M. A., & Skinner, J. R. (2019). Penetrance and expressivity of the R858H CACNA1C variant in a five-generation pedigree segregating an arrhythmogenic channelopathy. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine, 7(1), e00476. doi: 10.1002/mgg3.476

Watson, H. J., Yilmaz, Z., Thornton, L. M., Hübel, C., Coleman, J. R. I., Gaspar, H. A., … Roberts, M., … Boden, J. M., … Horwood, L. J., … Pearson, J. F., … Jordan, J., Kennedy, M., … Bulik, C. M. (2019). Genome-wide association study identifies eight risk loci and implicates metabo-psychiatric origins for anorexia nervosa. Nature Genetics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41588-019-0439-2

Reynolds, R. H., Botía, J., Nalls, M. A., International Parkinson's Disease Genomics Consortium (IPDGC), including System Genomics of Parkinson's Disease (SGPD), Anderson, T., … Kennedy, M., Pearson, J., … Ryten, M. (2019). Moving beyond neurons: The role of cell type-specific gene regulation in Parkinson's disease heritability. npj Parkinson's Disease, 5, 6. doi: 10.1038/s41531-019-0076-6

Stevens, A. J., Purcell, R. V., Darling, K. A., Eggleston, M. J. F., Kennedy, M. A., & Rucklidge, J. J. (2019). Human gut microbiome changes during a 10 week randomised control trial for micronutrient supplementation in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Scientific Reports, 9, 10128. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46146-3

Watson, G. M., Chan, C. W., Belluscio, L., Doudney, K., Lacey, C. J., Kennedy, M. A., & Bridgman, P. (2019). Comparing the variants of takotsubo syndrome: An observational study of the ECG and structural changes from a New Zealand tertiary hospital. BMJ Open, 9(5), e025253. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025253

Chapter in Book - Research

Chua, E. W., Maggo, S., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Long fragment polymerase chain reaction. In L. Domingues (Ed.), PCR: Methods in molecular biology (Vol. 1620). (pp. 65-74). New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7060-5_3

Kennedy, M. A., Rogers, G. R., & Joyce, P. R. (2004). Pharmacogenetics of antidepressants and mood stabilisers. In P. R. Joyce & P. B. Mitchell (Eds.), Mood disorders: Recognition and treatment. (pp. 223-237). Sydney, Australia: The University of New South Wales Press Ltd.

Kennedy, M. A. (2000). Mendelian Genetic Disorders. In The Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. London: Nature Publishing Group.

Kennedy, M. A. (1996). Internet resources for human and mouse molecular genetics. In S. R. Swindell, R. Miller & G. S. A. Myers (Eds.), Internet for the Molecular Biologist. (pp. 123-149). Norfolk: Horizon Scientific Press.

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Chapter in Book - Other

Kennedy, M., Joyce, P., & Begg, E. (2013). Carney Centre for Pharmacogenomics. In P. Joyce, G. Nicholls, K. Thomas & T. Wilkinson (Eds.), The Christchurch experience: 40 years of research and teaching. (pp. 100-104). Christchurch, New Zealand: University of Otago.

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Journal - Research Article

Gardner, R. J. M., Crozier, I. G., Binfield, A. L., Love, D. R., Lehnert, K., Gibson, K., … Jones, P. P., … Kennedy, M. A., & Skinner, J. R. (2019). Penetrance and expressivity of the R858H CACNA1C variant in a five-generation pedigree segregating an arrhythmogenic channelopathy. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine, 7(1), e00476. doi: 10.1002/mgg3.476

Watson, G. M., Chan, C. W., Belluscio, L., Doudney, K., Lacey, C. J., Kennedy, M. A., & Bridgman, P. (2019). Comparing the variants of takotsubo syndrome: An observational study of the ECG and structural changes from a New Zealand tertiary hospital. BMJ Open, 9(5), e025253. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025253

Stevens, A. J., Purcell, R. V., Darling, K. A., Eggleston, M. J. F., Kennedy, M. A., & Rucklidge, J. J. (2019). Human gut microbiome changes during a 10 week randomised control trial for micronutrient supplementation in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Scientific Reports, 9, 10128. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-46146-3

Reynolds, R. H., Botía, J., Nalls, M. A., International Parkinson's Disease Genomics Consortium (IPDGC), including System Genomics of Parkinson's Disease (SGPD), Anderson, T., … Kennedy, M., Pearson, J., … Ryten, M. (2019). Moving beyond neurons: The role of cell type-specific gene regulation in Parkinson's disease heritability. npj Parkinson's Disease, 5, 6. doi: 10.1038/s41531-019-0076-6

Watson, H. J., Yilmaz, Z., Thornton, L. M., Hübel, C., Coleman, J. R. I., Gaspar, H. A., … Roberts, M., … Boden, J. M., … Horwood, L. J., … Pearson, J. F., … Jordan, J., Kennedy, M., … Bulik, C. M. (2019). Genome-wide association study identifies eight risk loci and implicates metabo-psychiatric origins for anorexia nervosa. Nature Genetics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41588-019-0439-2

Pettersson, E., Lichtenstein, P., Larsson, H., Song, J., Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Working Group of the iPSYCH-Broad-PGC Consortium, Autism Spectrum Disorder Working Group of the iPSYCH-Broad-PGC Consortium, Bipolar Disorder Working Group of the PGC, Eating Disorder Working Group of the PGC, including Kennedy, M. A., Major Depressive Disorder Working Group of the PGC, Obsessive Compulsive Disorders and Tourette Syndrome Working Group of the PGC, Schizophrenia CLOZUK, Substance Use Disorder Working Group of the PGC, including Horwood, L. J., Pearson, J. F., … Polderman, T. J. C. (2019). Genetic influences on eight psychiatric disorders based on family data of 4 408 646 full and half-siblings, and genetic data of 333 748 cases and controls. Psychological Medicine, 49(7), 1166-1173. doi: 10.1017/S0033291718002039

Liau, Y., Chua, I., Kennedy, M. A., & Maggo, S. (2018). Pharmacogenetics of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema. Clinical & Experimental Allergy. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/cea.13326

Rucklidge, J. J., Eggleston, M. J. F., Darling, K., Stevens, A., Kennedy, M., & Frampton, C. M. (2018). Can we predict treatment response in children with ADHD to a vitamin-mineral supplement? An investigation into pre-treatment nutrient serum levels, MTHFR status, clinical correlates and demographic variables. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2018.09.007

Ton, K. N., Cree, S. L., Gronert-Sum, S. J., Merriman, T. R., Stamp, L. K., & Kennedy, M. A. (2018). Multiplexed nanopore sequencing of HLA-B locus in Māori and Pacific Island samples. Frontiers in Genetics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2018.00152

Lacey, C. J., Doudney, K., Bridgman, P. G., George, P. M., Mulder, R. T., Zarifeh, J. J., Kimber, B., Cadzow, M. J., Black, M. A., Merriman, T. R., … Pearson, J. F., Cameron, V. A., & Kennedy, M. A. (2018). Copy number variants implicate cardiac function and development pathways in earthquake-induced stress cardiomyopathy. Scientific Reports, 8, 7548. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25827-5

Stevens, A. J., Rucklidge, J. J., & Kennedy, M. A. (2018). Epigenetics, nutrition and mental health: Is there a relationship? [Review]. Nutritional Neuroscience, 21(9), 602-613. doi: 10.1080/1028415x.2017.1331524

Adehin, A., Bolaji, O. O., Maggo, S., & Kennedy, M. A. (2018). Genetic polymorphism of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 in the Nigerian population: Significance for warfarin therapy in the population. Polish Annals of Medicine, 25(2), 180-183. doi: 10.29089/2017.17.00041

Roberts, R. L., Wallace, M. C., Seinen, M. L., van Bodegraven, A. A., Krishnaprasad, K., Jones, G. T., van Rij, A. M., … Kennedy, M. A., … Gearry, R. B., … Barclay, M. (2018). Nonsynonymous polymorphism in guanine monophosphate synthetase is a risk factor for unfavorable thiopurine metabolite ratios in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/ibd/izy163

Walters, R. K., Polimanti, R., Johnson, E. C., McClintick, J. N., Adams, M. J., Adkins, A. E., … Kennedy, M. A., … Pearson, J. F., … Agrawal, A. (2018). Transancestral GWAS of alcohol dependence reveals common genetic underpinnings with psychiatric disorders. Nature Neuroscience, 21(12), 1656-1669. doi: 10.1038/s41593-018-0275-1

Richards, A., Horwood, J., Boden, J., Kennedy, M., Sellers, R., Riglin, L., … Harold, G. T. (2018). Associations between schizophrenia genetic risk, anxiety disorders and manic/hypomanic episode in a longitudinal population cohort study. British Journal of Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1192/bjp.2018.227

Thornton, L. M., Munn-Chernoff, M. A., Baker, J. H., Juréus, A., Parker, R., Henders, A. K., … Horwood, L. J., Boden, J. M., Pearson, J. F., … Jordan, J., Kennedy, M. A., … Bulik, C. M. (2018). The Anorexia Nervosa Genetics Initiative (ANGI): Overview and methods. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 74, 61-69. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2018.09.015

Stevens, A. J., Rucklidge, J. J., Darling, K. A., Eggleston, M. J. F., Pearson, J. F., & Kennedy, M. A. (2018). Methylomic changes in response to micronutrient supplementation and MTHFR genotype. Epigenomics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.2217/epi-2018-0029

Culverhouse, R. C., Saccone, N. L., Horton, A. C., Ma, Y., Anstey, K. J., Banaschewski, T., … Horwood, J., … Fergusson, D. M., … Kennedy, M., … Bierut, L. J. (2018). Collaborative meta-analysis finds no evidence of a strong interaction between stress and 5-HTTLPR genotype contributing to the development of depression. Molecular Psychiatry, 23, 133-142. doi: 10.1038/mp.2017.44

Balasubramanian, D., Pearson, J. F., & Kennedy, M. A. (2018). Gene expression effects of lithium and valproic acid in a serotonergic cell line. Physiological Genomics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00069.2018

Adehin, A., Adeagbo, B. A., Kennedy, M. A., Bolaji, O. O., Olugbade, T. A., Bolarinwa, R. A., & Durosinmi, M. A. (2018). Inter-individual variation in imatinib disposition: Any role for prevalent variants of CYP1A2, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, and CYP3A5 in Nigerian CML patients? Leukemia & Lymphoma. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2018.1466291

Maggo, S. D. S., Chua, E. W., Chin, P., Cree, S., Pearson, J., Doogue, M., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). A New Zealand platform to enable genetic investigation of adverse drug reactions. New Zealand Medical Journal, 130(1466), 62-69. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Stevens, A. J., Taylor, M. G., Pearce, F. G., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Allelic dropout during polymerase chain reaction due to G-quadruplex structures and DNA methylation is widespread at imprinted human loci. Genes Genomes Genetics, 7(3), 1019-1025. doi: 10.1534/g3.116.038687

Kirk, K. M., Martin, F. C., Mao, A., Parker, R., Maguire, S., Thornton, L. M., … Jordan, J., Kennedy, M. A., … Martin, N. G. (2017). The Anorexia Nervosa Genetics Initiative: Study description and sample characteristics of the Australian and New Zealand arm. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 51(6), 583-594. doi: 10.1177/0004867417700731

Adehin, A., Bolaji, O. O., Kennedy, M. A., & Adeagbo, B. A. (2017). Allele frequencies of thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) variants in the Nigerian population. Polish Annals of Medicine, 24(2), 144-147. doi: 10.1016/j.poamed.2016.06.007

Adehin, A., Bolaji, O. O., Maggo, S., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Relationship between metabolic phenotypes and genotypes of CYP1A2 and CYP2A6 in the Nigerian population. Drug Metabolism & Personalized Therapy, 32(1), 39-47. doi: 10.1515/dmpt-2016-0041

Shchepetkina, A. A., Hock, B. D., Miller, A., Kennedy, M. A., & Gieseg, S. P. (2017). Effect of 7,8-dihydroneopterin mediated CD36 down regulation and oxidant scavenging on oxidised low-density lipoprotein induced cell death in human macrophages. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 87, 27-33. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2017.03.017

Bagshaw, A. T. M., Horwood, L. J., Fergusson, D. M., Gemmell, N. J., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Microsatellite polymorphisms associated with human behavioural and psychological phenotypes including a gene-environment interaction. BMC Medical Genetics, 18, 12. doi: 10.1186/s12881-017-0374-y

Appleby, S., Pearson, J. F., Aitchison, A., Spittlehouse, J. K., Joyce, P. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Mean telomere length is not associated with current health status in a 50-year-old population sample. American Journal of Human Biology, 29(1), e22906. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22906

Whitefield, J., & Kennedy, M. (2017). Above the threshold. Junctures, 2017(18), 9-18.

Adehin, A., Bolaji, O. O., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Polymorphisms in CYP2C8 and CYP3A5 genes in the Nigerian population. Drug Metabolism & Pharmacokinetics, 32(3), 189-191. doi: 10.1016/j.dmpk.2016.09.001

Duncan, L., Yilmaz, Z., Gaspar, H., Walters, R., Goldstein, J., Anttila, V., … Eating Disorders Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, including Jordan, J., Kennedy, M., … Bulik, C. M. (2017). Significant locus and metabolic genetic correlations revealed in genome-wide association study of anorexia nervosa. American Journal of Psychiatry, 174(9), 850-858. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.16121402

de Jong, L. C., Cree, S., Lattimore, V., Wiggins, G. A. R., Spurdle, A. B., kConFab Investigators, Miller, A., Kennedy, M. A., & Walker, L. C. (2017). Nanopore sequencing of full-length BRCA1 mRNA transcripts reveals co-occurrence of known exon skipping events. Breast Cancer Research, 19, 127. doi: 10.1186/s13058-017-0919-1

Stevens, A. J., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Methylated cytosine maintains G-quadruplex structures during polymerase chain reaction and contributes to allelic dropout. Biochemistry, 56(29), 3691-3698. doi: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00480

Stevens, A. J., & Kennedy, M. A. (2017). Structural analysis of G-quadruplex formation at the human MEST promoter. PLoS ONE, 12(1), e0169433. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169433

Maggo, S. D. S., Savage, R. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2016). Impact of new genomic technologies on understanding adverse drug reactions. Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 55(4), 419-436. doi: 10.1007/s40262-015-0324-9

Osborne, A. J., Negro, S. S., Chilvers, B. L., Robertson, B. C., Kennedy, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2016). Genetic evidence of a population bottleneck and inbreeding in the endangered New Zealand sea lion, Phocarctos hookeri. Journal of Heredity, 107(5), 392-402. doi: 10.1093/jhered/esw015

Chua, E. W., Cree, S. L., Ton, K. N. T., Lehnert, K., Shepherd, P., Helsby, N., & Kennedy, M. A. (2016). Cross-comparison of exome analysis, next-generation sequencing of amplicons, and the iPLEX® ADME PGx Panel for pharmacogenomic profiling. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 7, 1. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2016.00001

Cree, S. L., Fredericks, R., Miller, A., Pearce, F. G., Filichev, V., Fee, C., & Kennedy, M. A. (2016). DNA G-quadruplexes show strong interaction with DNA methyltransferases in vitro. FEBS Letters, 590(17), 2870-2883. doi: 10.1002/1873-3468.12331

Stevens, A. J., Kennedy, H. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2016). Fluorescence methods for probing G-quadruplex structure in single- and double-stranded DNA. Biochemistry, 55(26), 3714-3725. doi: 10.1021/acs.biochem.6b00327

Adkins, D. E., Clark, S. L., Copeland, W. E., Kennedy, M., Conway, K., Angold, A., … Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., … Costello, E. J. (2015). Genome-wide meta-analysis of longitudinal alcohol consumption across youth and early adulthood. Twin Research & Human Genetics, 18(4), 335-347. doi: 10.1017/thg.2015.36

Larsen, P. D., Johnston, L. R., Holley, A., La Flamme, A., Smyth, L., Chua, E. W., Kennedy, M. A., & Harding, S. A. (2015). Prevalence and significance of CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*17 alleles in a New Zealand acute coronary syndrome population. Internal Medicine Journal, 45(5), 537-545. doi: 10.1111/imj.12698

Chua, E. W., Cree, S., Barclay, M. L., Doudney, K., Lehnert, K., Aitchison, A., & Kennedy, M. A. (2015). Exome sequencing and array-based comparative genomic hybridisation analysis of preferential 6-methylmercaptopurine producers. Pharmacogenomics Journal, 15, 414-421. doi: 10.1038/tpj.2015.9

Foulds, J. A., Ton, K., Kennedy, M. A., Adamson, S. J., Mulder, R. T., & Sellman, J. D. (2015). OPRM1 genotype and naltrexone response in depressed alcohol-dependent patients. Pharmacogenetics & Genomics, 25(5), 270-273. doi: 10.1097/fpc.0000000000000128

Morris, R. W., Taylor, A. E., Fluharty, M. E., Bjørngaard, J. H., Åsvold, B. O., Gabrielsen, M. E., … Horwood, J., Fergusson, D. M., Kennedy, M. A., … Sattar, N. (2015). Heavier smoking may lead to a relative increase in waist circumference: Evidence for a causal relationship from a Mendelian randomisation meta-analysis: The CARTA consortium. BMJ Open, 5(8), e008808. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008808

Balasubramanain, D., Deng, A. X., Doudney, K., Hampton, M. B., & Kennedy, M. A. (2015). Valproic acid exposure leads to upregulation and increased promoter histone acetylation of sepiapterin reductase in a serotonergic cell line. Neuropharmacology, 99, 79-88. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2015.06.018

Osborne, A. J., Pearson, J., Negro, S. S., Chilvers, B. L., Kennedy, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2015). Heterozygote advantage at MHC DRB may influence response to infectious disease epizootics. Molecular Ecology, 24, 1419-1432. doi: 10.1111/mec.13128

Osborne, A. J., Pearson, J., Chilvers, B. L., Kennedy, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2015). Examining the role of components of Slc11a1 (Nramp1) in the susceptibility of New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri) to disease. PLoS ONE, 10(4), e0122703. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122703

Jodczyk, S., Pearson, J. F., Aitchison, A., Miller, A. L., Hampton, M. B., & Kennedy, M. A. (2015). Telomere length measurement on the Roche LightCycler 480 platform. Genetic Testing & Molecular Biomarkers, 19(2), 63-68. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2014.0208

Davis, J. M., Searles, V. B., Anderson, N., Keeney, J., Raznahan, A., Horwood, L. J., Fergusson, D. M., Kennedy, M. A., … Sikela, J. M. (2015). DUF1220 copy number is linearly associated with increased cognitive function as measured by total IQ and mathematical aptitude scores. Human Genetics, 134(1), 67-75. doi: 10.1007/s00439-014-1489-2

Jodczyk, S., Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., Pearson, J. F., & Kennedy, M. A. (2014). No association between mean telomere length and life stress observed in a 30 year birth cohort. PLoS ONE, 9(5), e97102. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097102

Taylor, A. E., Morris, R. W., Fluharty, M. E., Bjorngaard, J. H., Åsvold, B. O., Gabrielsen, M. E., … Horwood, J., Fergusson, D. M., Kennedy, M. A., … Sattar, N. (2014). Stratification by smoking status reveals a direct association of CHRNA5-A3-B4 genotype with body mass index in never smokers. PLoS Genetics, 10(12), e1004799. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004799

Joyce, P. R., Stephenson, J., Kennedy, M., Mulder, R. T., & McHugh, P. C. (2014). The presence of both serotonin 1A receptor (HTR1A) and dopamine transporter (DAT1) gene variants increase the risk of borderline personality disorder. Frontiers in Genetics, 4, 313. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2013.00313

Cree, S. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2014). Relevance of G-quadruplex structures to pharmacogenetics. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 5, 160. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2014.00160

Taylor, A. E., Fluharty, M. E., Bjømgaard, J. H., Gabrielsen, M. E., Skorpen, F., Marioni, R. E., … Horwood, L. J., … Kennedy, M. A., … Munafò, M. R. (2014). Investigating the possible causal association of smoking with depression and anxiety using Mendelian randomisation meta-analysis: The CARTA consortium. BMJ Open, 4(10), e006141. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006141

Lacey, C., Mulder, R., Bridgman, P., Kimber, B., Zarifeh, J., Kennedy, M., & Cameron, V. (2014). Broken heart syndrome: Is it a psychosomatic disorder? Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 77(2), 158-160. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.05.003

Stevens, A. J., Stuffrein-Roberts, S., Cree, S. L., Gibb, A., Miller, A. L., Doudney, K., Aitchison, A., Eccles, M. R., Joyce, P. R., … Kennedy, M. A. (2014). G-quadruplex structures and CpG methylation cause drop-out of the maternal allele in polymerase chain reaction amplification of the imprinted MEST gene promoter. PLoS ONE, 9(12), e113955. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0113955

Appell, M. L., Berg, J., Duley, J., Evans, W. E., Kennedy, M. A., Lennard, L., … Coulthard, S. A. (2013). Nomenclature for alleles of the thiopurine methyltransferase gene. Pharmacogenetics & Genomics, 23, 242-248. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e32835f1cc0

Bagshaw, A. T. M., Horwood, L. J., Liu, Y., Fergusson, D. M., Sullivan, P. F., & Kennedy, M. A. (2013). No effect of genome-wide copy number variation on measures of intelligence in a New Zealand birth cohort. PLoS ONE, 8(1), e55208. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055208

Osborne, A. J., Zavodna, M., Chilvers, B. L., Robertson, B. C., Negro, S. S., Kennedy, M. A., & Gemmell, N. J. (2013). Extensive variation at MHC DRBin the New Zealand sea lion (Phocarctos hookeri) provides evidence for balancing selection. Heredity, 111, 44-56. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2013.18

Trent, R. J., Cheong, P. L., Chua, E. W., & Kennedy, M. A. (2013). Progressing the utilisation of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics into clinical care. Pathology, 45(4), 357-370. doi: 10.1097/PAT.0b013e328360b66e

Chua, E. W., Foulds, J., Miller, A. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2013). Novel CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 variants identified in a patient with adverse reactions towards venlafaxine monotherapy and dual therapy with nortriptyline and fluoxetine. Pharmacogenetics & Genomics, 23(9), 494-497. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e328363688d

Costello, E. J., Eaves, L., Sullivan, P., Kennedy, M., Conway, K., Adkins, D. E., … van den Oord, E. (2013). Genes, environments, and developmental research: Methods for a multi-site study of early substance abuse. Twin Research & Human Genetics, 16(2), 505-515. doi: 10.1017/thg.2013.6

Schluter, P. J., Spittlehouse, J. K., Cameron, V. A., Chambers, S., Gearry, R., Jamieson, H. A., Kennedy, M., Lacey, C. J., Murdoch, D. R., Pearson, J., Porter, R. J., Richards, M., Skidmore, P. M. L., Troughton, R., Vierck, E., & Joyce, P. R. (2013). Canterbury Health, Ageing and Life Course (CHALICE) study: Rationale, design and methodology. New Zealand Medical Journal, 126(1375). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Chua, E. W., & Kennedy, M. A. (2012). Current state and future prospects of direct-to-consumer pharmacogenetics. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 3, 152. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2012.00152

Fergusson, D. M., Boden, J. M., Horwood, L. J., Miller, A., & Kennedy, M. A. (2012). Moderating role of the MAOA genotype in antisocial behaviour. British Journal of Psychiatry, 200(2), 116-123. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.111.093328

Maggo, S. D. S., Kennedy, M. A., & Clark, D. W. J. (2011). Clinical implications of pharmacogenetic variation on the effects of statins. Drug Safety, 34(1), 1-19. doi: 10.2165/11584380-000000000-00000

Fergusson, D. M., Boden, J. M., Horwood, L. J., Miller, A. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2011). MAOA, abuse exposure and antisocial behaviour: 30-year longitudinal study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 198, 457-463. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.086991

Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., Miller, A. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2011). Life stress, 5-HTTLPR and mental disorder: Findings from a 30-year longitudinal study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 198, 129-135. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.085993

Osborne, A. J., Brauning, R., Schultz, J. K., Kennedy, M. A., Slate, J., & Gemmell, N. J. (2011). Development of a predicted physical map of microsatellite locus positions for pinnipeds, with wider applicability to the Carnivora. Molecular Ecology Resources, 11(3), 503-513. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02962.x

McHugh, P. C., Joyce, P. R., Deng, X., & Kennedy, M. A. (2011). A polymorphism of the GTP-cyclohydrolase I feedback regulator gene alters transcriptional activity and may affect response to SSRI antidepressants. Pharmacogenomics Journal, 11(3), 207-213. doi: 10.1038/tpj.2010.23

Glubb, D. M., McHugh, P. C., Deng, X., Joyce, P. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2010). Association of a functional polymorphism in the adrenomedullin gene (ADM) with response to paroxetine. Pharmacogenomics Journal, 10, 126-133. doi: 10.1038/tpj.2009.33

McHugh, P. C., Rogers, G. R., Glubb, D. M., Joyce, P. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2010). Proteomic analysis of rat hippocampus exposed to the antidepressant paroxetine. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 24(8), 1243-1251. doi: 10.1177/0269881109102786

Stamp, L. K., Chapman, P. T., O'Donnell, J. L., Zhang, M., James, J., Frampton, C., Barclay, M. L., Kennedy, M. A., & Roberts, R. L. (2010). Polymorphisms within the folate pathway predict folate concentrations but are not associated with disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis patients on methotrexate. Pharmacogenetics & Genomics, 20(6), 367-376. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e3283398a71

Joyce, P. R., Light, K. J., Rowe, S. L., Cloninger, C. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2010). Self-mutilation and suicide attempts: Relationships to bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, temperament and character. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44(3), 250-257. doi: 10.3109/00048670903487159

Harley, J., Roberts, R., Joyce, P., Mulder, R., Luty, S., Frampton, C., & Kennedy, M. (2010). Orosomucoid influences the response to antidepressants in major depressive disorder. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 24(4), 531-535. doi: 10.1177/0269881109105101

Doudney, K., Harley, J. A., Pearson, J. F., Miller, A., Aitchison, A., Kennedy, M. A., Porter, R. J., Elmslie, J. L., & Joyce, P. R. (2009). Upstream genetic variant near INSIG2, influences response to carnitine supplementation in bipolar patients with valproate-induced weight gain. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 21(3), 133-140. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-5215.2009.00379.x

Petermann, I., Huebner, C., Browning, B. L., Gearry, R. B., Barclay, M. L., Kennedy, M., Roberts, R., … Han, D. Y., & Ferguson, L. R. (2009). Interactions among genes influencing bacterial recognition increase IBD risk in a population-based New Zealand cohort. Human Immunology, 70, 440-446. doi: 10.1016/j.humimm.2009.03.002

Glubb, D. M., Joyce, P. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2009). Expression and association analyses of promoter variants of the neurogenic gene HES6, a candidate gene for mood disorder susceptibility and antidepressant response. Neuroscience Letters, 460, 185-190. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2009.05.065

McHugh, P. C., Joyce, P. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2009). Polymorphisms of sepiapterin reductase gene alter promoter activity and may influence risk of bipolar disorder. Pharmacogenetics & Genomics, 19(5), 330-337. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e328328f82c

Joyce, P. R., McHugh, P. C., Light, K. J., Rowe, S., Miller, A. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2009). Relationships between angry-impulsive personality traits and genetic polymorphisms of the dopamine transporter. Biological Psychiatry, 66(8), 717-721. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.03.005

Roberts, R. L., Gearry, R. B., Bland, M. V., Sies, C. W., George, P. M., Burt, M., … Barclay, M. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2008). Trinucleotide repeat variants in the promoter of the thiopurine S-methyltransferase gene of patients exhibiting ultra-high enzyme activity. Pharmacogenetics & Genomics, 18(5), 434-438.

Porter, R. J., Mulder, R. T., Joyce, P. R., Miller, A. L., & Kennedy, M. (2008). Tryptophan hydroxylase gene (TPH1) and peripheral tryptophan levels in depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 109(1-2), 209-212. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2007.11.010

Clark, D. W. J., Ashton, J. A., Zhou, L., Wallace, A. K., & Kennedy, M. A. (2008). Pharmacogenetic investigation using a pharmacovigilance database. PharmacoVigilance Review, 2(3), 9-13.

Bentley, R. W., Keenan, J. I., Gearry, R. B., Kennedy, M. A., Barclay, M. L., & Roberts, R. L. (2008). Incidence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in a population-based cohort of patients with Crohn's disease and control subjects. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 103(5), 1168-1172. doi: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2007.01742.x

McHugh, P. C., Rogers, G. R., Loudon, B., Glubb, D. M., Joyce, P. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2008). Proteomic analysis of embryonic stem cell-derived neural cells exposed to the antidepressant paroxetine. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 86(2), 306-316.

Roberts, R. L., Gearry, R. B., Kennedy, M. A., & Barclay, M. L. (2008). Beyond TPMT: Genetic influences on thiopurine drug responses in inflammatory bowel disease. Personalized Medicine, 5(3), 233-248. doi: 10.2217/17410541.5.3.233

Roberts, R. L., Hollis-Moffatt, J. E., Gearry, R. B., Kennedy, M. A., Barclay, M. L., & Merriman, T. R. (2008). Confirmation of association of IRGM and NCF4 with ileal Crohn's disease in a population-based cohort. Genes & Immunity, 9(6), 561-565. doi: 10.1038/gene.2008.49

Lea, R. A., Roberts, R. L., Green, M. R., Kennedy, M. A., & Chambers, G. K. (2008). Allele frequency differences of cytochrome P450 polymorphisms in a sample of New Zealand Māori. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1272). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1272/3002/content.pdf

Stuffrein-Roberts, S., Joyce, P. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2008). Role of epigenetics in mental disorders. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 42(2), 97-107.

Littlejohn, M. D., Palmer, B. R., Richards, A. M., Frampton, C. M., Pilbrow, A. P., Troughton, R. W., Cameron, V. A., & Kennedy, M. A. (2008). Ile164 variant of β2-adrenoceptor does not influence outcome in heart failure but may interact with β blocker treatment. European Journal of Heart Failure, 10(1), 55-59. doi: 10.1016/j.ejheart.2007.10.011

McHugh, P. C., Rogers, G. R., Glubb, D. M., Allington, M. D., Hughes, M., Joyce, P. R., & Kennedy, M. A. (2008). Downregulation of Ccnd1 and Hes6 in rat hippocampus after chronic exposure to the antidepressant paroxetine. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 20(6), 307-313. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-5215.2008.00334.x

Beaglehole, B., Luty, S. E., Mulder, R. T., Kennedy, M. A., & Joyce, P. R. (2007). Low red cell folate levels are associated with poor response to nortriptyline in major depression. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 19, 204-207.

Roberts, R. L., Gearry, R. B., Hollis-Moffatt, J. E., Miller, A. L., Reid, J., Abkevich, V., … Merriman, T. R., Barclay, M. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2007). IL23R R381Q and ATG16L1 T300A are strongly associated with Crohn's disease in a study of New Zealand Caucasians with inflammatory bowel disease. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 102, 2754-2761.

Light, K. J., Joyce, P. R., Luty, S. E., Mulder, R. T., Carter, J. D., Frampton, C. M. A., Miller, A. L., & Kennedy, M. A. (2007). An association study of DRD2 and COMT polymorphisms with novelty seeking and harm avoidance scores, in two independent samples of depressed patients. Behavioral & Brain Functions, 3(3). Retrieved from http://www.behavioralandbrainfunctions.com/content/3/1/3

Gearry, R. B., Roberts, R. L., Burt, M. J., Frampton, C. M. A., Chapman, B. A., Collett, J. A., Shirley, P., Allington, M. D. E., Kennedy, M. A., & Barclay, M. L. (2007). Effect of inflammatory bowel disease classification changes on NOD2 genotype-phenotype associations in a population-based cohort. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 13(10), 1220-1227.

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