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Powering the bacterial flagellar motor

Powering the bacterial flagellar motor – presented by Associate Professor Nicholas Taylor from Novo Nordisk Foundation Centre for Protein Resaerch, University of Copenhagen.

Bacteria rotate large filaments known as flagella to swim, which is important to discover new niches or in infectious disease.

Rotation of these flagella is powered by the flagellar motor, an extremely complex biological rotary nanomotor connected through a flexible hook to the filament. The motor consists of a large rotor surrounded by, ion channels known as MotAB, which power rotation of the rotor. The exact mechanism of action of these stator units, however, remained unknown. Using cryo-electron microscopy, we obtained structural insight into these MotAB ion channels.

Based on structures of several homologues, we reveal that they actually have 5:2 stoichiometry, rather than the widely accepted 4:2. We furthermore obtained structures of mimics of different states of activated stator units, which we validate using swimming assays.

Together, and combined with prior data, our data allow us to propose an ion pathway as well as to model the likely interaction site between the stator unit and the flagellar rotor. We also propose a rotary mechanism involving rotation of MotA around the peptidoglycan-anchored MotB, to power flagellar rotation.

Finally, I will also present some novel results on other 5:2 motors involved in different biological progresses.

Date Monday, 1 August 2022
Time 1:00pm - 2:00pm
Audience Postgraduate students,Staff
Event Category Health Sciences
Event Type Seminar
CampusDunedin
DepartmentMicrobiology and Immunology
LocationThe Biochemistry , 710 Cumberland Street, Ground floor, Room BIG13, Dunedin
CostFree
Contact NameJennifer van Eunen
Contact Phone+64 3 479 7734
Contact Emailjennifer.vaneunen@otago.ac.nz

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