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Biochemistry Seminar: Caitlin Harris, PhD Candidate

Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is the primary pasture crop supporting New Zealand's agricultural industry.

Limited genetic gains have been made with current breeding strategies compared to other grass crops such as rice and maize, which have benefited from hybrid breeding.

One of the largest constraints on improving genetic gain in L. perenne is self-incompatibility (SI). SI in L. perenne is determined by a two-loci genetic mechanism that stops pollen fertilizing flowers from the same plant, forcing plants with different genetic backgrounds to breed.

A naturally occurring mutation that confers self-fertility (SF-locus) has been found in European ryegrass. In this project self-compatible (SC), European, ryegrass was crossed with NZ elite ryegrass to develop several inbred families (populations).

To detect and track the inheritance of the SF-locus, molecular markers were developed for use in this population. Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) was used to determine the ability of these families to inbreed, as well as to assess changes in levels of heterozygosity.

This works provides a starting point for a step change in ryegrass breeding, where inbred cultivars can be used to develop elite, hybrid varieties with increased genetic gain, that support pastural industries through environmental changes.

Streaming details:

Zoom link: https://otago.zoom.us/j/97756704741
Password: bioc

Date Tuesday, 12 July 2022
Time 12:00pm - 1:00pm
Audience Undergraduate students,Postgraduate students,Staff
Event Category Health Sciences
Event Type Academic
Seminar
Online and in-person
CampusDunedin
DepartmentBiochemistry
LocationBiochemistry Seminar Room G.13 (BIG13) and via Zoom, Dunedin
CostFree
Contact NameDepartment of Biochemistry
Contact Emailbiochemistry@otago.ac.nz

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