Thursday 18 February 2010 2:57pm
Highly threatened Hector’s dolphin populations around New Zealand are still declining despite new protection measures implemented in 2008, according to new University of Otago research.
In an article appearing in the journal Aquatic Conservation, Associate Professors Liz Slooten and Steve Dawson studied the impact of the new measures.
Associate Professor Slooten says their detailed analysis shows that the protection measures put in place in 2008 by then Minister of Fisheries Jim Anderton are a large step in the right direction.
But dolphin populations are still declining because too many areas have been left out of the protection package or have been compromised in other ways, she says.
“For example, Tasman Bay, Golden Bay and Taranaki were left out and in other areas dolphins are declining because protection does not go far enough offshore.
“This includes the west coast of the South Island, where dolphins are protected from entanglement in gillnets out to two nautical miles offshore for three months of the year, but Hector’s dolphins there range to six nautical miles offshore, year round.”
At Kaikoura, local fishermen successfully sought an exemption to the dolphin protection measures. Everywhere else on the east coast of the South Island, dolphins are protected from gillnets to four nautical miles offshore.
An exemption was made on the argument that the deeper waters off Kaikoura are rarely used by Hector’s dolphins, she says.
“Unfortunately, the line for the exemption zone was drawn far too close to shore and a dolphin has already been caught in the exemption area.
“Simply too many compromises were made in the protection package. The dolphin that drowned in a net off Kaikoura last year confirms that.”
Research paper details
Slooten, E. and Dawson, S.M. 2010. Assessing the effectiveness of conservation management decisions: Likely effects of new protection measures for Hector's dolphin. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, DOI: 10.1002/aqc.1084.
Early view of article available online at: www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/84503925/issue
For more information, contact
Associate Professor Liz Slooten
Department of Zoology
University of Otago
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