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Professor Jamin Halberstadt Research Interests

 Associate Professor Jamin Halberstadt

Tel 64 3 479 8289
Email jhalbers@psy.otago.ac.nz
Visit Professor Halberstadt's Profile Page

Cognition-Emotion Interactions

My primary interest is in the role of emotional responses in cognitive processing. We have previously found that stimuli in the world will sometimes be categorised (ie, grouped together and treated similarly) not because they are physically similar, but because they evoke the same emotional response in the perceiver. My current research explores the social consequences of emotional similarity. Under what circumstances do people consult their feelings to make decisions, and what sorts of decisions are they willing to make?

Cognitive fluency and social categorisation

In addition to the effects of affect on categorisation I also study the complementary issue: the effects of categorisation on affect. Initial studies have shown that stimuli that are easily categorised (because they are highly prototypical of their categories) tend to be judged as attractive, a finding with important implications for explanations of attractiveness in human faces. I am now examining the roles of cognitive fluency – the ease with which a stimulus can be perceived and processed - in the averageness-attractiveness relationship, and the consequences of changing a perceiver’s subjective category structure on both ease of processing and liking for a target.

The effects of introspection and verbalization in social judgement

Prof Jamin Halberstadt with students holding monochrome photos in front of their facesPrevious research indicates that reasoning can actually impair performance in some domains. My research has been documenting these domains, which include behavioural predictions, decision making, memory for emotions and emotional expressions, and face recognition, and attempting to understand the mechanisms through which impairment occurs.

Publications

Halberstadt, J. B., Ruffman, T., Murray, J., Taumoepeau, M. & Ryan, M. Emotion perception explains age-related differences in the perception of social gaffes. Under review, Psychology and Aging.

Halberstadt, J. (2010). Intuition: Dumb but Lucky.Fortuitous affective cues and their disruption by analytic thought. Social Psychology and Personality Compass, 4, 64-76.

Halberstadt, J. B., Winkielman, P., Niedenthal, P., & Dalle, N.(2009). Emotional conception: How embodied emotion concepts guide perception and facial action. Psychological Science, 20, 1254-1261.

Halberstadt, J., Sherman, S. J., & Sherman, J. (2011). Why Barack Obama is black: A cognitive account of hypodescent. Psychological Science, 22 29-33.

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Publications

Cardwell, B. A., & Halberstadt, J. (2019). Religious believers do not distinguish good from poor reasons for God’s existence. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/10508619.2018.1564446

Ruffman, T., Halberstadt, J., Murray, J., Jack, F., & Vater, T. (2019). Empathic accuracy: Worse recognition by older adults and less transparency in older adult expressions compared to young adults. Journals of Gerontology Series B. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbz008

Segal, K., Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). The fusing power of natural disasters: An experimental study. Self & Identity. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2018.1458645

Jackson, C. M., Jackson, J. C., Bilkey, D., Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). The dynamic emergence of minimal groups. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1368430218802636

Jackson, J. C., Jong, J., Bluemke, M., Poulter, P., Morgenroth, L., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). Testing the causal relationship between religious belief and death anxiety. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 8(1), 57-68. doi: 10.1080/2153599X.2016.1238842

Authored Book - Research

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Death anxiety and religious belief: An existential psychology of religion. Londun, UK: Bloomsbury, 232p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Jahanitabesh, A., & Halberstadt, J. (2014). Do you see what I see? Rumination, construal and emotion perception in depression. In S. R. Nasato (Ed.), Advances in social cognition research. (pp. 181-198). New York: Nova Science.

Owen, H. E., & Halberstadt, J. (2014). Truth in text: The influence of language complexity and style on perceived self-reflection and truthfulness. In S. R. Nasato (Ed.), Advances in social cognition research. (pp. 199-213). New York: Nova Science.

Halberstadt, J., & Jong, J. (2014). Scaring the bejesus into people: The role of religious belief in managing implicit and explicit anxiety. In J. P. Forgas & E. Harmon-Jones (Eds.), Motivation and its regulation: The control within. (pp. 331-350). New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Secher, J., Jackson, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2014). Anger: Causes, experience and outcomes of the mercurial emotion. In S. R. Nasato (Ed.), Advances in social cognition research. (pp. 151-179). New York: Nova Science.

Halberstadt, J., & Winkielman, P. (2013). When good blends go bad: How fluency can explain when we like and dislike ambiguity. In C. Unkelbach & R. Greifeneder (Eds.), The experience of thinking: How the fluency of mental processes influences cognition and behaviour. (pp. 133-150). Hove, East Sussex: Psychology Press.

Yamaguchi, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2011). It's all about me: Maladaptive self-focused attention as a mediator of the relationship between extrinsic goals and well-being. In I. Brdar (Ed.), The human pursuit of well-being: A cultural approach. (pp. 95-106). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-1375-8

Catty, S., & Halberstadt, J. (2008). The use and disruption of familiarity in intuitive judgements. In H. Plessner, C. Betsch & T. Betsch (Eds.), Intuition in judgement and decision making. (pp. 295-308). New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Yamaguchi, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2008). Attainment of intrinsic and extrinsic goals revisited: The interaction of goal and well-being dimensions. In B. P. Reimann (Ed.), Personality and social psychology research. (pp. 93-105). New York: Nova Science.

Halberstadt, J., & Wilson, T. D. (2008). Reflections on conscious reflection: Mechanisms of impairment by reasons analysis. In J. E. Adler & L. J. Rips (Eds.), Reasoning: Studies of human inference and its foundations. (pp. 548-596). Cambridge University Press.

Halberstadt, J. (2007). Proximate and ultimate origins of a bias for prototypical faces: An evolutionary social cognitive account. In J. P. Forgas, M. G. Haselton & W. von Hippel (Eds.), Evolution and the social mind: Evolutionary psychology and social cognition. (pp. 245-262). New York: Psychology Press.

Fernando, K., & Halberstadt, J. (2007). Effects of explanation on emotion attribution. In F. R. Lewis (Ed.), Focus on nonverbal communication research. (pp. 199-213). Nova Science.

Halberstadt, J. B., Rhodes, G., & Catty, S. (2003). Subjective and objective familiarity as explanations for the attraction to average faces. In S. P. Shohov (Ed.), Advances in psychology research: Volume 22. (pp. 35-50). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Niedenthal, P. M., & Halberstadt, J. B. (2003). Top-down influences in social perception. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European review of social psychology: Volume 14. (pp. 49-76). East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press Ltd.

Niedenthal, P. M., & Halberstadt, J. B. (2000). Grounding categories in emotional response. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Feeling and Thinking: The Role of Affect in Social Cognition. (pp. 357-386). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Niedenthal, P. M., & Halberstadt, J. B. (2000). Emotional response as conceptual coherence. In E. Eich, J. F. Kihlstrom, G. H. Bower, J. P. Forgas & P. M. Niedenthal (Eds.), Counterpoints: Cognition and Emotion. (pp. 169-203). New York: Oxford University Press.

Halberstadt, J. B., Niedenthal, P. M., & Setterlund, M. B. (1996). Cognitive organization of different tenses of the self mediates affect and decision making. In L. L. Martin & A. Tesser (Eds.), Striving and Feeling: Interactions Among Goals, Affect, and Self-Regulation. (pp. 123-150). Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.

Niedenthal, P. M., & Halberstadt, J. B. (1995). The acquisition and structure of emotional response categories. In D. L. Medin (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. (pp. 23-64). New York: Academic Press.

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Journal - Research Article

Cardwell, B. A., & Halberstadt, J. (2019). Religious believers do not distinguish good from poor reasons for God’s existence. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/10508619.2018.1564446

Ruffman, T., Halberstadt, J., Murray, J., Jack, F., & Vater, T. (2019). Empathic accuracy: Worse recognition by older adults and less transparency in older adult expressions compared to young adults. Journals of Gerontology Series B. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbz008

Segal, K., Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). The fusing power of natural disasters: An experimental study. Self & Identity. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2018.1458645

Jackson, J. C., Jong, J., Bluemke, M., Poulter, P., Morgenroth, L., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). Testing the causal relationship between religious belief and death anxiety. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 8(1), 57-68. doi: 10.1080/2153599X.2016.1238842

Jackson, C. M., Jackson, J. C., Bilkey, D., Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). The dynamic emergence of minimal groups. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1368430218802636

Jong, J., Ross, R., Philip, T., Chang, S.-H., Simons, N., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). The religious correlates of death anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 8(1), 4-20. doi: 10.1080/2153599X.2016.1238844

Jackson, J. C., Jong, J., Bilkey, D., Whitehouse, H., Zollmann, S., McNaughton, C., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). Synchrony and physiological arousal Increase cohesion and cooperation in large naturalistic groups. Scientific Reports, 8, 127. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-18023-4

Barton, D. N., & Halberstadt, J. (2018). A social Bouba/Kiki effect: A bias for people whose names match their faces. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 25(3), 1013-1020. doi: 10.3758/s13423-017-1304-x

Carr, E., Huber, D. E., Pecher, D., Zeelenberg, R., Halberstadt, J., & Winkielman, P. (2017). The ugliness-in-averageness effect: Tempering the warm glow of familiarity. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 112(6), 787-812. doi: 10.1037/pspa0000083

Schmitt, D. P., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Alves, I. C. B., Anderson, C. A., Angelini, A. L., … Fernando, K., … Halberstadt, J., … Zupančič, A. (2017). Narcissism and the strategic pursuit of short-term mating: Universal links across 11 world regions of the international sexuality description project-2. Psychological Topics, 26(1), 89-137.

Jahanitabesh, A., Cardwell, B. A., & Halberstadt, J. (2017). Sadness and ruminative thinking independently depress people's moods. International Journal of Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/ijop.12466

Jackson, J. C., Lemay Jr., E. P., Bilkey, D., & Halberstadt, J. (2017). Beyond “birds of a feather”: A social inference approach to attachment-dependent grouping. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 73, 216-221. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2017.06.004

Jackson, J. C., Bilkey, D., Jong, J., Rossignac-Milon, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2017). Strangers in a stadium: Studying group dynamics with in vivo behavioral tracking. Social Psychological & Personality Science, 8(5), 509-518. doi: 10.1177/1948550617709112

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2017). What is the causal relationship between death anxiety and religious belief? Religion, Brain & Behavior, 7(4), 296-298. doi: 10.1080/2153599X.2016.1249916

Halberstadt, J., Jackson, J. C., Bilkey, D., Jong, J., Whitehouse, H., McNaughton, C., & Zollmann, S. (2016). Incipient social groups: An analysis via in-vivo behavioral tracking. PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0149880. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149880

Bluemke, M., Jong, J., Grevenstein, D., Mikloušić, I., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Measuring cross-cultural supernatural beliefs with self- and peer-reports. PLoS ONE, 11(10), e0164291. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164291

Owen, H. E., Halberstadt, J., Carr, E. W., & Winkielmann, P. (2016). Johnny Depp, reconsidered: How category-relative processing fluency determines the appeal of gender ambiguity. PLoS ONE, 11(2), e0146328. doi: 10.1371/journal. pone.0146328

Ruffman, T., Wilson, M., Henry, J. D., Dawson, A., Chen, Y., Kladnitski, N., Myftari, E., Murray, J., Halberstadt, J., & Hunter, J. A. (2016). Age differences in right-wing authoritarianism and their relation to emotion recognition. Emotion, 16(2), 226-236. doi: 10.1037/emo0000107

Jackson, J., Halberstadt, J., Jong, J., & Felman, H. (2015). Perceived openness to experience accounts for religious homogamy. Social Psychological & Personality Science, 6(6), 630-638. doi: 10.1177/1948550615574302

Alogna, V. K., Attaya, M. K., Aucoin, P., BahníK, Š., Birch, S., Birt, A. R., … Halberstadt, J., … Jackson, J. C., Jong, J., … Ng, C., … Zwaan, R. A. (2014). Registered replication report: Schooler and Engstler-Schooler (1990). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9(5), 556-578. doi: 10.1177/1745691614545653

Halberstadt, J., & Winkielman, P. (2014). Easy on the eyes, or hard to categorize: Classification difficulty decreases the appeal of facial blends. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 50, 175-183. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.08.004

Löckenhoff, C. E., Chan, W., McCrae, R. R., De Fruyt, F., Jussim, L., De Bolle, M., … Halberstadt, J., … Terracciano, A. (2014). Gender stereotypes of personality: Universal and accurate? Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(5), 675-694. doi: 10.1177/0022022113520075

McCrae, R. R., Chan, W., Jussim, L., De Fruyt, F., Löckenhoff, C. E., De Bolle, M., … Halberstadt, J., Yamaguchi, M., … Terracciano, A. (2013). The inaccuracy of national character stereotypes. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(6), 831-842. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2013.08.006

Halberstadt, J., Pecher, D., Zeelenberg, R., Ip Wai, L., & Winkielman, P. (2013). Two faces of attractiveness: Making beauty in averageness appear and reverse. Psychological Science, 24(11), 2343-2346. doi: 10.1177/0956797613491969

Jong, J., Bluemke, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2013). Fear of death and supernatural beliefs: Developing a new supernatural belief scale to test the relationship. European Journal of Personality, 27(5), 495-506. doi: 10.1002/per.1898

Anderson, D., Halberstadt, J., & Aitken, R. (2013). Entitlement attitudes predict students’ poor performance in challenging academic conditions. International Journal of Higher Education, 2(2), 151-158.

Jong, J., Halberstadt, J., & Bluemke, M. (2012). Foxhole atheism, revisited: The effects of mortality salience on explicit and implicit religious belief. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 983-989. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2012.03.005

Chan, W., McCrae, R. R., De Fruyt, F., Jussim, L., Löckenhoff, C. E., De Bolle, M., … Halberstadt, J., Yamaguchi, M., … Terracciano, A. (2012). Stereotypes of age differences in personality traits: Universal and accurate? Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 103(6), 1050-1066. doi: 10.1037/a0029712

Jong, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2012). Death and deities: A social cognitive perspective. In-Mind, 5(15). Retrieved from http://www.in-mind.org/article/death-and-deities-a-social-cognitive-perspective

Ruffman, T., Murray, J., Halberstadt, J., & Vater, T. (2012). Age-related differences in deception. Psychology & Aging, 27(3), 543-549. doi: 10.1037/a0023380

Yamaguchi, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2012). Goals and well being in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 41(2), 5-10.

Halberstadt, J., Ruffman, T., Murray, J., Taumoepeau, M., & Ryan, M. (2011). Emotion perception explains age-related differences in the perception of social gaffes. Psychology & Aging, 26(1), 133-136. doi: 10.1037/a0021366

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