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Associate Professor Janice Murray Research Interests

 Dr Janice Murray

Tel 64 3 479 8353
Email jmur@psy.otago.ac.nz
Visit Associate Professor Murray's profile

Visual Cognition

Every Face Tells a Story

The human face unquestionably plays a significant role in our daily lives. Faces provide us with important information about a person’s identity, ethnicity, gender and emotional state, information that is critical for effective social interaction. Our ability to glean this information from faces is impressive given that faces share the same parts in a common arrangement, and it is this attribute of faces that makes the question of how we accomplish face recognition both intriguing and challenging.

Investigating the Mechanisms of Face Processing

Work in my lab investigates the mechanisms that allow for successful face processing, including the role that attention plays. We are particularly interested in the changes in face perception that occur as a part of the normal aging process. For example, our work has shown that the ability to detect emotional expressions in faces (and bodies and voices as well) declines with age. Understanding whether poorer face processing performance is a consequence of age-related changes in face processing mechanisms or declines in more general mechanisms such as attention is one goal of our research.

Implications of Age-related Changes in Emotion Processing

Prof Janice Murray and Yan Chen with elderly research participantWe are also investigating the implications of age-related changes in emotion processing. Findings to date suggest that the poorer performance in emotion perception exhibited by older adults (> 60 years) mediates age-related differences in social understanding such as the ability to discriminate lies from truths and the detection of faux pas, as well as verbosity in older men.

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Publications

Ruffman, T., Halberstadt, J., Murray, J., Jack, F., & Vater, T. (2019). Empathic accuracy: Worse recognition by older adults and less transparency in older adult expressions compared to young adults. Journals of Gerontology Series B. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbz008

Campbell, A., Murray, J. E., Atkinson, L., & Ruffman, T. (2017). Face age and eye gaze influence older adults' emotion recognition [Brief report]. Journals of Gerontology Series B, 72(4), 633-636. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbv114

Madill, M., & Murray, J. E. (2017). Processing distracting non-face emotional images: No evidence of an age-related positivity effect. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 591. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00591

Atkinson, L., Murray, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2017). Older adults’ emotion recognition ability unaffected by stereotype threat. Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCoP). (pp. 211-212). Retrieved from http://www.escop2017.org

Ruffman, T., Wilson, M., Henry, J. D., Dawson, A., Chen, Y., Kladnitski, N., Myftari, E., Murray, J., Halberstadt, J., & Hunter, J. A. (2016). Age differences in right-wing authoritarianism and their relation to emotion recognition. Emotion, 16(2), 226-236. doi: 10.1037/emo0000107

Chapter in Book - Research

Murray, J. E., Rhodes, G., & Schuchinsky, M. (2003). When is a face not a face? The effects of misorientation on mechanisms of face perception. In M. A. Peterson & G. Rhodes (Eds.), Perception of faces, objects and scenes: Analytic and holistic processes. (pp. 75-91). New York: Oxford University Press.

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Journal - Research Article

Ruffman, T., Halberstadt, J., Murray, J., Jack, F., & Vater, T. (2019). Empathic accuracy: Worse recognition by older adults and less transparency in older adult expressions compared to young adults. Journals of Gerontology Series B. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbz008

Campbell, A., Murray, J. E., Atkinson, L., & Ruffman, T. (2017). Face age and eye gaze influence older adults' emotion recognition [Brief report]. Journals of Gerontology Series B, 72(4), 633-636. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbv114

Madill, M., & Murray, J. E. (2017). Processing distracting non-face emotional images: No evidence of an age-related positivity effect. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 591. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00591

Ruffman, T., Wilson, M., Henry, J. D., Dawson, A., Chen, Y., Kladnitski, N., Myftari, E., Murray, J., Halberstadt, J., & Hunter, J. A. (2016). Age differences in right-wing authoritarianism and their relation to emotion recognition. Emotion, 16(2), 226-236. doi: 10.1037/emo0000107

Campbell, A., Ruffman, T., Murray, J. E., & Glue, P. (2014). Oxytocin improves emotion recognition for older males. Neurobiology of Aging, 35(10), 2246-2248. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2014.04.021

Ruffman, T., Murray, J., Halberstadt, J., & Vater, T. (2012). Age-related differences in deception. Psychology & Aging, 27(3), 543-549. doi: 10.1037/a0023380

Murray, J. E., Judge, M., & Chen, Y. (2012). Ignored faces produce figural face aftereffects. PLoS ONE, 7(9), e45928. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045928

Halberstadt, J., Ruffman, T., Murray, J., Taumoepeau, M., & Ryan, M. (2011). Emotion perception explains age-related differences in the perception of social gaffes. Psychology & Aging, 26(1), 133-136. doi: 10.1037/a0021366

Murray, J. E., Machado, L., & Knight, B. (2011). Race and gender of faces can be ignored. Psychological Research, 75(4), 324-333. doi: 10.1007/s00426-010-0310-7

Ruffman, T., Murray, J., Halberstadt, J., & Taumoepeau, M. (2010). Verbosity and emotion recognition in older adults. Psychology & Aging, 25(2), 492-497. doi: 10.1037/a0018247

Ryan, M., Murray, J., & Ruffman, T. (2010). Aging and the perception of emotion: Processing vocal expressions alone and with faces. Experimental Aging Research, 36(1), 1-22. doi: 10.1080/03610730903418372

Murray, J. E., Halberstadt, J., & Ruffman, T. (2010). The face of aging: Sensitivity to facial feature relations changes with age. Psychology & Aging, 25(4), 846-850. doi: 10.1037/a0019864

Ruffman, T., Halberstadt, J., & Murray, J. (2009). Recognition of facial, auditory, and bodily emotions in older adults. Journals of Gerontology Series B, 64(6), 696-703. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbp072

La Rooy, D., Pipe, M.-E., & Murray, J. E. (2007). Enhancing children's event recall after long delays. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21, 1-17.

La Rooy, D., Pipe, M.-E., & Murray, J. E. (2005). Reminiscence and hypermnesia in children's eyewitness memory. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 90, 235-254.

Thierry, K. L., Goh, C. L., Pipe, M.-E., & Murray, J. (2005). Source recall enhances children's discrimination of seen and heard events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 11(1), 33-44.

Murray, J. E. (2004). The ups and downs of face perception: Evidence for holistic encoding of upright and inverted faces. Perception, 33, 387-398.

Sutherland, R., Pipe, M.-E., Schick, K., Murray, J. E., & Gobbo, C. (2003). Knowing in advance: The impact of prior event information on memory and event knowledge. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 84, 244-263.

Murray, J. E., & Jones, C. (2002). Attention to local form information can prevent access to semantic information. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 55A(2), 609-625.

Murray, J. E., Yong, E., & Rhodes, G. (2000). Revisiting the perception of upside-down faces. Psychological Science, 11(6), 492-496.

Murray, J. E. (1999). Orientation-specific effects in picture matching and naming. Memory & Cognition, 27(5), 878-889.

Murray, J. E. (1998). Is entry-level recognition viewpoint invariant or viewpoint dependent? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 5(2), 300-304.

Murray, J. E. (1997). Flipping and spinning: spatial transformation procedures in the identification of rotated natural objects. Memory & Cognition, 25(1), 96-105.

Murray, J. E. (1995). Negative priming by rotated objects. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2, 534-537.

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Atkinson, L., Murray, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2017). Older adults’ emotion recognition ability unaffected by stereotype threat. Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCoP). (pp. 211-212). Retrieved from http://www.escop2017.org

Murray, J. E., & Madill, M. (2016). Age-related differences in preferential attention to, but not interference from, affective images. Perception, 45(2, Suppl.), (pp. 281-282). doi: 10.1177/0301006616671273

Murray, J. E., & Chen, Y. (2014). Older adults are more sensitive to the holistic impression of facial expressions. Proceedings of the Association for Psychological Science (APS) 26th Annual Convention. (pp. 29). Retrieved from http://www.psychologicalscience.org/conventions/archive/2014-2

Campbell, A., Ruffman, T., Murray, J., & Glue, P. (2013). Oxytocin improves emotion recognition for older males. Gerontologist, 53(Suppl. 1), (pp. 464). doi: 10.1093/geront/gnt151

Murray, J., Campbell, N., & Tanaka, J. (2013). Holistic and analytic processing of emotional expression in composite faces depends on the combination of expressions. Journal of Vision, 13(9), 101. doi: 10.1167/13.9.101

Murray, J. E., McConnell, M., Maurer, D., & Halberstadt, J. (2012). Age-related changes in face processing: General or specific processing deficits? Proceedings of the Association for Psychological Science (APS) 24th Annual Convention. Retrieved from http://www.psychologicalscience.org/convention/program_2012/

Murray, J. E., Ruffman, T., Halberstadt, J., & Vater, T. (2011). Age, lies and faces: Emotion recognition mediates age-related differences in lie detection. Proceedings of the Association for Psychological Science 23rd Annual Convention. APS. Retrieved from http://www.psychologicalscience.org/convention/program_2011/search/

Ruffman, T., Murray, J., Halberstadt, J., & Campbell, A. (2011). Implicit recognition of emotion in the absence of explicit recognition in healthy older adults. Plenary meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotion (ISRE). (pp. 308). Retrieved from http://isre2011.com/

Ruffman, T., Murray, J., & Halberstadt, J. (2011). Age, lies and emotional faces: Emotion recognition mediates age-related differences in lie detection. Plenary meeting of the International Society for Research on Emotion (ISRE). (pp. 21). Retrieved from http://isre2011.com/img/abstract_book.pdf

Murray, J. (2011). Implicit recognition of emotion in the absence of explicit recognition in healthy older adults. Proceedings of the 17th Biennial Conference of the Australasian Human Development Association (AHDA). (pp. 78-79). Retrieved from http://www.otago.ac.nz/ahda2011/

Murray, J., & Gardiner, B. (2010). Age-contingent face aftereffects depend on age of the observer. Journal of Vision. 10(7), (pp. 570). doi: 10.1167/10.7.570

Murray, J., & Judge, M. (2009). Face adaptation with and without attention. Journal of Vision, 9(8). 522. doi: 10.1167/9.8.522

Murray, J., Ruffman, T., & Halberstadt, J. (2008). Age-related changes in face processing. Journal of Vision. 8(6), (pp. 196a). [Abstract]

Murray, J. E., Ryan, M., & Ruffman, T. (2007). Age-related changes in categorical perception of facial expressions. Perception. 36(ECVP Abstract Suppl.). [Abstract]

Murray, J. E., & Yan, C. (2006). Face aftereffects and unattended faces. Journal of Vision. 6(6), (pp. 883a). [Abstract]

Schuchinsky, M., & Murray, J. E. (2005). Perception of local configural changes in own-race and other-race faces. Perception. 34(Suppl.), (pp. 205). [Abstract]

Murray, J. E., & O'Neill, L. (2005). The effects of perceptual load: Evidence for a face-specific attentional mechanism. Perception. 34(Suppl.), (pp. 170). [Abstract]

Murray, J. (2004). Processing distractor faces: I know who you are but not what you're feeling. Australian Journal of Psychology, 56(S1), (pp. 128). doi: 10.1111/j.1742-9536.2004.tb01897.x

Schuchinsky, M., & Murray, J. E. (2004). Local configural encoding of own-race and other-race faces. Proceedings of the Object Perception, Attention and Memory 12th Annual Meeting. (pp. 8). Minneapolis, MN, USA: OPAM. [Abstract]

Murray, J. E. (2003). George Bush but not a happy man: Proccessing distractor faces. Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. 8, (pp. 84-85). PSP. [Abstract]

Murray, J. E. (2003). George Bush but not a happy man: Processing distractor faces. Abstracts from the Proceedings of the Psychonomic Society 44th Annual Meeting. (pp. 84-85). Canada: Psychonomic Society Publication. [Abstract]

Murray, J. E. (2000). When orientation matters: selective object processing in a flankers task. Abstracts of the Psychonomic Society. 5, (pp. 73). [Abstract]

Murray, J. E. (2000). When orientation matters: Selective object processing in a Flankers Task. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. 5, (pp. 73). PSP. [Abstract]

Murray, J. E., & Jones, C. (1999). Elimination of semantic effects when processing local form. Abstracts of the Psychonomic Society. 4, (pp. 38). [Abstract]

Murray, J. E., & Krishnan, A. (1998). Effects of selective attention in viewpoint-specific recognition. Abstracts of the Psychonomic Society. 3, (pp. 47). [Abstract]

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